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Full text of "CANADIAN STATISTICAL REVIEW, July - December 1978"

Government 
Publication 



Publication* 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/canadianstatisti532stat 



iblication No. 1 1-003E Monthly/Volume 53 Number 7 



Canadian 
statistical review 

uly 1978 




Statistics Canada Statistique Canada 



Stati- 3 Canada 

Curre. .jonomic Analysis Division 



Canadian statistical 
review 

July 1978 



Annual Subscription: $7.00; Other countries: $8.40 
Single Copy: 70 cents; Other countries: 85 cents 



3-1501-501 



c Minister ot Supply 

and Services Canada 1978 



Published by Authority of 

The Minister of Industry, Trade and Commerce 



Statistics Canada should be credited when reproducing 
or quoting any part of this document 




Canadian Statistical Review 

Data in this publication were retrieved from 
CANSIM* (Registered Trade Mark of Statistics 
Canada for its Canadian Socio-Economic Information 
Management System), and processed to create a 
photo-ready copy from which this publication was 
produced. CANSIM is the Statistics Canada com- 
puterized data bank; series published in this Review 
(as well as other data) are available on computer 
printouts, cards, tape or directly via terminal. 

The identification numbers at the top of each column 
of data refer to the unadjusted and seasonally ad- 
justed monthly or quarterly data in each column. 
Series maintained by Statistics Canada carry a "D" 
prefix (e.g. D 1375). The "B" prefix (e.g. B 1437) 
identifies series in CANSIM which are maintained by 
the Bank of Canada. 

More details on which data are available can be 
found in the following: 

CANSIM Summary Reference Index (Annual with 

periodic amendments) - Free on request. 

This index is a summary of the data in CANSIM. It 

provides a key to the Series Directory and is the first 

step in locating and ordering series from the 

CANSIM Main Base. 

CANSIM Main Base Series Directory (Annual with 

periodic amendments) - $30. 

This Directory is a detailed guide to the data on the 

CANSIM Main Base. It gives the title, start date, 

source of the data, and other descriptive material. 

The Directory is published in three volumes. 



CANSIM Mini Base Series Directory (Annual with 
periodic amendments) - $10. 
This Directory is a detailed guide to the data on the 
CANSIM Mini Base - a standard subset of data 
originating from the CANSIM Main Base which is 
available at various Secondary Distributors. 

The seasonal adjustment method applied to eco- 
nomic time series at Statistics Canada is a com- 
puterized ratio-to-moving average method. The 
standard computer program used in Statistics 
Canada is the U.S. Bureau of the Census Method II, 
X-11 variant. Seasonal adjustment removes the 
effect of repetitive intra-year variations resulting from 
normal differences in weather, holidays with invari- 
able dates, or other events which repeat with the 
same timing. 

While seasonal adjustment allows a much better look 
at the underlying trend of a series, the adjusted 
series will contain irregular fluctuations. Small 
changes between months in the adjusted series may 
simply be erratic movements and, to obtain a clearer 
idea of the underlying trend, users should examine 
the adjusted series over a number of months. The 
MCD, or Months for Cyclical Dominance, in a table 
containing seasonally adjusted series, indicates the 
smallest span of months for which the average per- 
cent change without regard to sign in the trend cycle 
is greater than that in the irregular factor. For the 
smoothest series the MCD is 1, for the most erratic 
series it is 6. Applying a moving average of the 
period equal to the MCD tends to smooth irregular 
movements which may obscure the underlying trend. 



Editorial Board 



This publication is produced under the guidance of 
the Canadian Statistical Review Editorial Board, 
composed of the following Statistics Canada staff 
members: 

G. Leclerc (Chairman) - Assistant Chief Statisti- 
cian, Economic Accounts 
and Integration Field 
R.E. Drover - Director, User Advisory Services 

Division 
B.J. Lynch - Director, Prices Division 
R. Platek - Director, Household Surveys Develop- 
ment Division 
J.R. Podoluk - Director General, Household Statis- 
tics Branch 
J. Randall - Director, Financial Flows and Multina- 
tional Enterprises Division 



L.O. Stone - Senior Advisor, Population Studies 
and Statistics, Census 

P.N. Triandafillou - Director, Current Economic 
Analysis Division 

J.S. Wells - Director General, System of National 
Accounts (Current) Branch 

M. Wisenthal - Director General, Institutional and 

Public Finance Statistics Branch 
N. Cholette - Editor, Canadian Statistical Review 

Inquiries about the contents of the Canadian Statisti- 
cal Review should be directed to the editor at : 
Current Economic Analysis Division, 23rd. Floor, 
Section O, R.H. Coats Bldg., Tunney's Pasture, 
Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0T6. 



Subscriptions 

The Canadian Statistical Review and other cata- 
logued publications of Statistics Canada, including a 
free annotated catalogue of current publications, 
may be ordered from Publications Distribution, Sta- 
tistics Canada, Ottawa, K1A 0T6 and remittances 
made payable to the Receiver General for Canada. 

A weekly supplement containing data published 
between release dates of this review is distributed 
free of charge to all subscribers. 



Historical data for selected economic indicators, 
both adjusted and unadjusted for seasonal variation, 
are distributed to subscribers in an Annual 
Supplemment. 

Correspondence should be directed to the Canadian 
Statistical Review, Current Economic Analysis Di- 
vision, Statistics Canada, R.H. Coats Tower, Ottawa, 
Ontario, K1A 0T6. 



Canadian Statistical Review 
Selected Recent Articles 

1977 

January Employer Labour Costs in Canada 

Can Culture Be Measured? 
February Public General and Allied Special Hospitals in Canada: Historical 

summary of inputs and utilization of facilities, 1953 to 1973 
March Measuring Financial Market Activity: A Macroeconomic Perspective 

April An Econometric Model of Canadian Imports 

Reading Habits in Canada 
May Capacity Utilization Rates in Canadian Manufacturing 

July Revision of the Consumer Price Index Based on 1974 Expenditures: An Overview 

August The Responsiveness of Canadian Imports of Selected Commodities to Changes 

in Activity and Price 

International Travel 1976-1977 
October A Review of International Travel, 1960-1975 
November A Note on the Transfer Payment Implications of Benefit and Contribution 

Operations under the Unemployment Insurance Act 

1978 

January Library Visitors and Library Resources 

February Research Potential of Data from the Travel-to-Work Surveys 

April Small Business - Statistics versus Paper Burden 

Experimental Study - A Consumer Price Index for Low-income Families 

May Cinema Attendance Habits in Canada 

June The Meaning and the Economic Significance of Seasonality 



Symbols 

The following standard symbols are used in this and 
other Statistics Canada publications: 

. . figures not available 
. . . figures not appropriate or not applicable 
amount too small to be expressed 



nil or zero 
r revised figures 
x confidential to meet secrecy requirements of 

the Statistics Act 
MCD months for cyclical dominance 



Table of Contents 



VI 

xiii 

xxxix 

1 

13 

17 

35 

59 

69 

85 

91 

97 

105 

113 

121 

125 



National Income and Expenditure Accounts - First Quarter 1978 - Advance Information 
Some Characteristics of Full-Time University Teachers, 1956-57 to 1977-78 
Observations 



Sect 
Sect 
Sect 
Sect 
Sect 
Sect 
Sect 
Sect 
Sect 
Sect 
Sect 
Sect 
Sect 



on 1 Selected Economic Indicators - Analytical Summary 

on 2 Population Statistics 

on 3 System of National Accounts 

on 4 Labour 

on 5 Prices 

on 6 Manufacturing 

on 7 Fuel, Power, Mining 

on ^Construction 

on 9 Food and Agriculture 

on 10 Domestic Trade 

on 1 1 External Trade 

on 12 Transportation 

on 13 Finance 



Note to Users 

This section is used to announce changes in tables 
of the Canadian Statistical Review and in related 
CANSIM series. 

Monthly or quarterly data may not add to totals due 
to rounding. 



Section 9, Table 1 - Farm cash receipts 

The series that previously appeared as quarterly 
series will now appear as monthly series. 

Section 13, Table 11 - Federal government budgetary 
revenues 

The two components of personal income tax that 
previously appeared have been combined with this issue. 



National Income and Expenditure Accounts 

First Quarter 1978 - Advance Information 



Gross National Product, seasonally adjusted at 
annual rates, increased 2.3 per cent in the first 
quarter of 1978 to a level of $222.3 billion; mea- 
sured in real terms, GNP advanced 0.7 per cent. 
This real growth was the result of a further im- 
provement in the balance of merchandise trade and 
renewed strength in personal expenditure and gov- 
ernment current expenditure offsetting lower gross 
capital formation, and is a continuation of the pattern 
of fairly mild quarterly growth rates that the economy 
has exhibited since the first quarter of 1976. Prices, 
as measured by the GNE implicit price index, rose 
by 1.6 per cent compared with an increase of 0.9 
per cent in the fourth quarter of 1977, leaving prices 
in the first quarter of 1978 6.6 per cent above their 
level in the first quarter of the previous year. 

Gross fixed capital formation, which was a major 
contributor to the relatively slow growth of 1977, 
increased fractionally in the first quarter. With prices 
rising 2.4 per cent, the volume of fixed investment 
fell by 2.0 per cent, as the result of significant drops 
in both government and business investment. This 
was the second consecutive quarterly decline in 
business investment, and left real business capital 
formation at its lowest level in three years. The weak 
performance of business investment is consistent 
with the low levels of capacity utilization in most 
industries since 1975. 

The External Sector 

Exports of goods and services rose 4.8 per cent in 
the first quarter, while total imports were up 3.3 per 
cent, leading to a $728 million improvement in the 
balance. The increase of $792 millions in real net 
exports was a notable source of growth. The im- 
provement occurred entirely in the merchandise 
trade account as the non-merchandise deficit, partic- 
ularly for travel, continued to increase. 

The improvement in the merchandise trade surplus 
appears to have been partly the result of special 
circumstances in the U.S. economy and weak do- 
mestic demand in Canada rather than an im- 
provement in Canada's competitive position. The 



increase in the current value of exports originated 
largely in crude and fabricated metals, coal, indus- 
trial machinery and barley. There were reductions in 
trucks, wheat, iron ore, and wood pulp. These 
movements, combined with extremely large declines 
in imports of coal, motor vehicle parts and petro- 
leum, suggest that a substantial part of Canada's 
improved trade balance in the first quarter can be 
ascribed to stockpiling of copper and nickel in antic- 
ipation of price increases in these goods, and to the 
U.S. coal strike. 

Personal Expenditure 

Personal expenditure on goods and services in- 
creased 3.0 per cent in the first quarter. In real 
terms, personal expenditure grew 1.2 per cent, as 
increases in durables and services offset marginal 
changes in semi-durables and non-durables con- 
sumption. Spending on durables rebounded from a 
decline in the fourth quarter to post a 4.3 per cent 
gain in the first due to widespread increases, most 
notably in furniture, household appliances and motor 
vehicle sales. The 0.7 per cent decline in semi- 
durables was the result of marginal growth in cloth- 
ing and declines in footwear and household furnish- 
ings. Continued rapid price increases contributed to 
the unchanged level of spending on non-durables as 
weak expenditure on food and non-alcoholic bever- 
ages and tobacco offset rising purchases of alco- 
holic beverages and gasoline. Services rose 1.4 per 
cent with the most significant increases in net travel 
expenditure abroad and purchased transportation. 

Fixed Capital Formation 

The 2.0 per cent fall in the volume of total gross 
fixed capital formation was the product of a 2.4 per 
cent decline in government investment and a further 
1.9 per cent slide in business investment. The de- 
cline in government investment largely originated in 
reduced non-residential construction. Within busi- 
ness investment, non-residential construction edged 
up 0.7 per cent, while machinery and equipment fell 
3.7 per cent; this left business investment in plant 



VI 



Gross National Product, seasonally adjusted at annual rates, increased 2.3% in the first quarter of 1978 to a level 
of $222.3 billion; measured in real terms, GNP increased 0.7%. 



$ billions 
260 



billions 

— 260 

— 240 

— 220 

— 200 

— 180 



240 Semi-logarithmic scale 

220 



200- 
180- 
160- 

140- 

120- 

100- 
90" 



160 
140 
120 

100 
90 
80 



GNP at market prices 



GNE at 1971 prices 



1975 



1976 



1977 



1978 



Quarter-to-Ouarter Change 




1975 1976 1977 

Wages, salaries and supplementary labour income rose 13 percent. This represents a continuation of the 
moderate rate of growth of labour income which began in 1977 Corporation profits before taxes increased 6 3%. 
Most other major components of GNP, except dividends paid to non-residents, showed moderate increases over 
last period. 
Quarterly changes in GNP and components 



1978 



Wages, salaries and 
military pay 




Corporation profits 
before taxes 



Dividends paid 
to non-residents 



Interest and miscellaneous 
investment income 



Accrued net income 
of farm operators 



3rd.qtr.1977 to 4th, qtr. 1977 
■ 4th qtr. 1977 to 1st. qtr. 1978 



Net income of non-farm 
unincorporated business including rent 



Indirect taxes 
less subsidies 



Inventory valuation 
adjustment 



Capital consumption allowances 

and miscellaneous valuation adjustments 




1 -0 

Billion $ change 

All quarterly data adjusted for seasonal variation and at annual rates. 



VII 



and equipment 1.7 per cent below the level in the 
fourth quarter. The 2.5 per cent decline in residential 
construction, which may surprise some in view of the 
first quarter increase in housing starts, was the result 
of a rise in work-put-in-place being outweighed by 
overall weakness in other construction expenditure 
categories. 

Inventory Investment 

The value of physical change in inventories in real 
terms swung $556 million to a liquidation of $380 
million in the first quarter, largely as a result of a 
$592 million downswing in business non-farm inven- 
tories from the fourth quarter. Within the non-farm 
sector, wholesale trade stocks were liquidated after 
considerable accumulation in the fourth quarter. 
Additional decumulations also occurred in the mining 
sector, partly due to increased exports of mining 
products. These swings more than offset some in- 
creased accumulation in manufacturing stocks. 

Incomes 

Wages, salaries and supplementary labour income 
rose 1.3 per cent. This represents a continuation of 
the moderate rate of growth of labour income, which 
began in 1977. The increase in labour income, 
together with rises in net income of farm operators 
from farm production, net income of unincorporated 
business including rent, and a deceleration in gov- 



ernment transfers to persons, combined to slow the 
growth of personal income to 1.8 per cent. A 2.8 per 
cent fall in personal income taxes, reflecting the 
federal income tax reduction in January and Febru- 
ary, helped to increase personal disposable income 
2.2 per cent. With personal expenditure on goods 
and services expanding at a 3.0 per cent rate of 
growth, the personal savings rate fell to 10.8 per 
cent from 1 1.5 per cent in the fourth quarter. 

Corporation profits before taxes rose 6.3 per cent in 
the first quarter. This was the result of increased 
profits in mining, trade, finance, insurance and real 
estate industrial groups. 

The Government Sector 

Total revenues of all levels of government combined 
(excluding intergovernmental transfers) rose by 2.4 
per cent in the first quarter. All categories of revenue 
increased with the exception of personal direct 
taxes, which declined 1.2 per cent, due to the fed- 
eral income tax reduction in January and February. 
Total expenditures of all levels of government in- 
creased 3.5 per cent in the quarter with the largest 
increase in current expenditure on goods and ser- 
vices, particularly at the federal and provincial levels. 
Because total revenues did not increase as rapidly 
as expenditures, the deficit of the government sector, 
on a national accounts basis, widened from $7.9 
billion in the fourth quarter to $9.0 billion in the 
first quarter. 



VIII 



Exports rose 4.8% during the first quarter of 1978, a slightly smaller growth than the 5.5% fourth quarter increase. 
Imports advanced 3.3%, leaving a $2.7 billion deficit in the trade of goods and services. This was a $0.7 billion 
improvement over the 4th quarter deficit of $3.5 billion. 




1975 



1976 



1977 



1978 




1975 



1976 



1977 



1978 



Improved personal expenditure on goods and services, stronger government current expenditures, and export 
growth more than offset negative growth in business and government investments. 

Quarterly changes in GNE and components in constant (1971) dollars 



Consumer expenditures on 
goods and services 



Government current 
expenditures 



Government 
capital formation 



Business housing 
investment 



Business investment 
in plant and equipment 





3rd. qtr, 1977 to 4th qtr, 1977 
||4th qtr. 1977 to 1st qtr. 1978 



Inventories: farm and grain in 
commercial channels 



Inventories: business 
non-farm 



Exports minus imports of 
goods and services 



Gross national expenditure 
in constant (1971) dollars 



1.0 0.5 

Billion $ change 

All quarterly data adjusted for seasonal variation and at annual rates. 



0.5 



1.0 



1.5 



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XII 



Some Characteristics of Full-time University Teachers, 1956-57 to 1977-78 

Dr. Max von Zur-Muehlen* 



Since 1956-57 Statistics Canada has regularly gath- 
ered detailed information about full-time university 
teachers, biennially at first, and annually after 1966- 
67. This article represents a statistical overview of 
some characteristics (age, sex, rank, qualifications 
and teaching discipline) of these teachers, and 
covers the 22 years between 1956-57 and 1977-78. 
Because Canadian universities are now entering an 
era of limited growth, a review of the past may put 
future trends in perspective.' 

Data in the first three tables trace the increase of 
faculty at 46 institutions by province; the following 
three tables break this information down by eight 
teaching fields and 47 disciplines. The subsequent 
tables give national data for selected years - the 
proportion of females, rank distribution, average age, 
and doctoral qualifications by discipline. 

Table 1 reveals the remarkable and unprecedented 
growth of the number of teachers, in the sixties and 
early seventies. The total in the 46 universities rose 
from 5,463 in 1959-60 to an estimated 30,567 in 
1977-78, almost a sixfold increase. In 1959-60 the 
30 to 50 "other institutions" accounted for only 463 
teachers, many of them in the three military colleges. 
This group grew to 1,498 in 1974-75, and declined 
to 1,350 in 1977-78, including over 600 from Ryer- 
son Polytechnical Institute. 

For several years, notably from the mid-sixties to the 
early seventies, the ranks of teachers swelled by 
more than 2,000 annually. This rapid increase is 
exemplified by Memorial where faculty increased 
from 63 in 1959-60 to 805 in 1977-78. Teaching 
staff at many other institutions grew tenfold during 
these 19 years, and none of the institutions in Table 
1 failed to at least double its full-time faculty. 

Expansion at French-speaking universities was par- 
ticularly rapid, and most Ontario universities experi- 

* Dr. Max von Zur-Muehlen is Research and Special Projects Co- 
ordinator of the Institutional and Public Finance Statistics Branch 
Statistics Canada. 



enced six- to tenfold increases. Furthermore, six of 
Ontario's sixteen universities did not exist in 1959- 
60. The staff at one of the new institutions, York, 
grew from 12 to around 1,000. By 1974-75, Ontario 
universities alone had more than twice as many 
teachers (1 1,078) as there had been in all Canada 
16 years before. Faculty growth in the Western 
Provinces proceeded at a similar rate. At the Univer- 
sity of Manitoba they increased from 301 to 1,249; 
the University of Saskatchewan (including Regina), 
from 284 to 1,353; Alberta, from 396 to 1,620, and 
British Columbia, from 594 to 1,971. 

Growth rates in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick 
were slower. However, in these two provinces, the 
faculties at universities like Dalhousie, St. Mary's and 
Moncton increased as rapidly as the national trend. 

Table 2 shows the percentage distribution of univer- 
sity teachers among institutions and provinces in 
selected years. 

The concentration of faculty increased in Ontario, 
Quebec, Alberta, and Newfoundland (Memorial), and 
declined in the other provinces. Between 1959-60 
and 1977-78 Ontario's share rose slightly (from 
34.7 per cent to 36.4 per cent) and Quebec's from 
19.2 per cent to 21.8 per cent. Together McGill and 
the University of Toronto represented 22.5 per cent 
of all university teachers in 1959-60; by 1977-78 
this declined to 1 1.8 per cent, as other universities 
had grown more quickly. Memorial's share, which 
had been 1.1 per cent, increased to 2.5 per cent. 
The universities in Nova Scotia experienced a grad- 
ual drop: 5.8 per cent to 4.7 per cent; a smaller 
decrease occurred in New Brunswick: 3.6 per cent 
to 3.2 per cent. Manitoba, Saskatchewan and British 
Columbia underwent a decline in contrast to Alberta, 
where the percentage of teachers rose from 6.7 per 
cent to 8.7 per cent of Canada's total. On average, 

1 The data in this article are derived from the university teachers file 
of Statistics Canada, which covers only full-time faculty. Occa- 
sionally, to achieve consistency, estimates have been utilized, 
particularly for the discipline breakdown. Affiliated and federated 
institutions are reported under their parent university. 



XIII 



the "other institutions" accounted for 3 per cent to 4 
per cent, a proportion that has remained stable in 
recent years. 

Table 3 shows growth of the number of teachers as 
an index, using 1967-68, the year in which the 
Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Act was 
instituted, as a base of 100. The index rose to 191 
in 1977-78, but with considerable provincial and 
institutional variation. 

Gains were greatest during the late sixties, and have 
levelled off since 1972-73. Although the faculty of 
some Ontario universities has doubled or tripled 
since 1967-68, the province's index stood at 185 in 
1977-78, slightly below, the national average. The 
number in Quebec's French-speaking universities 
increased more rapidly than in the English-speaking 
institutions. Except for Alberta, the Western prov- 
inces experienced slower than average growth. 

Table 4 indicates growth in the number of full-time 
teachers in every field and discipline, but more in 
some than others. Thus, classics teachers (Latin, 
Greek, Hebrew and classical studies) increased from 
1 19 in 1956-57 to only 260 in 1976-77. In contrast, 
the number of history teachers burgeoned from 125 
to 1,063. Most other disciplines of the humanities 
experienced a similar rise. For example, teachers of 
Spanish increased from 9 to 150, and of English 
from 253 to 1,374. Numbers in the humanities have 
levelled off or even declined slightly since, the early 
seventies, as enrolment shifted toward the social 
sciences. Anthropology teachers increased from 9 in 
1956-57 to 388 in 1976-77; sociology teachers 
from 32 to 917, and psychology teachers from 88 to 
1,376. An outstanding feature of the early seventies 
has been continued growth in applied subjects such 
as commerce and business administration where the 
faculty rose from 923 in 1971-72 to 1,490 in 1976- 
77; law from 428 to 582, and social work, from 274 
to 352. 

The number of teachers in agriculture did not rise so 
rapidly from 243 in 1956-57 to 457 in 1976-77. 
However, some formerly classified under agriculture 
may have been reclassified under another biological 
science. The number of teachers of chemical and 
electrical engineering increased sixfold from 38 to 
228, and from 74 to 476, respectively; but in civil 
engineering the number increased only from 152 to 
384. The greatest increase in the physical sciences 
was among teachers of chemistry: from 334 in 
1956-57 to 1,016 in 1969-70, but their numbers 
have since levelled off. 

Although all faculties expanded during the 21 years, 
shifts among individual disciplines have been marked 
(Table 5). A discernable trend reflects the more 
rapid growth of the social science faculties in rela- 



tion to some other disciplines. The proportion of 
classics teachers declined from 2.4 per cent of the 
total in 1956-57 to 0.8 per cent in 1976-77; agricul- 
ture, from 4.9 per cent to 1.4 per cent, and chemis- 
try, from 6.5 per cent to 2.9 per cent. The percent- 
age of teachers in all engineering disciplines has 
declined from 1 1.6 per cent to 7.5 per cent. In 
contrast, some social science disciplines doubled, 
tripled and even quadrupled their representation e.g., 
commerce and business administration (2.2 per cent 
to 4.7 per cent) geography (0.8 per cent to 2.1 per 
cent), psychology (1.8 per cent to 4.3 per cent), and 
anthropology and sociology (0.9 per cent to 4.7 per 
cent). 

An index using 1967-68 as a base of 100 illustrates 
the growth pattern in each discipline more clearly 
(Table 6). Between 1967-68 and 1976-77 the index 
rose from 100.0 to 189.6 with considerable variation 
among disciplines. For example, by 1976-77 several 
had topped 200: education (250.1), music (234.0), 
social work (268.7), and geology (217.3). In con- 
trast, classics declined (97.7 per cent), and English 
and chemistry reached only 121.6 and 108.7. Over- 
all, the social sciences advanced to 223.0, com- 
pared with 145.4 for the humanities and 154.2 for 
the physical sciences. 

University teaching has long been the preserve of 
males. In 1958-59 only 10.7 per cent were female, a 
proportion that increased to 14.4 per cent in 1976- 
77 (Table 7). The percentage of women teaching in 
traditional "female" fields (education and nursing) 
has declined since 1958-59, although they still 
constitute more than one-fifth of each. In fine and 
applied arts the proportion of women increased 
slightly to 20.4 per cent. Their representation on 
humanities and the social science faculties has 
grown substantially from 9.7 per cent and 7.8 per 
cent to 17.1 per cent and 12.4 per cent. Over the 
years, the percentage of females on science, exclud- 
ing health and biological sciences, has been small 
(1.0 per cent in engineering and 3.7 per cent in the 
physical sciences in 1976-77). 

Although the average age of university teachers 
varies among fields, the group as a whole has aged 
slowly. In 1958-59, the average was 38.9; by 1976- 
77 it had risen only to 41.4 (Table 8). The oldest 
teachers were in the humanities (42.7 ), health sci- 
ences (42.4), and engineering (42.5); the youngest 
in the social sciences (39.4) and physical sciences 
(40.9). 

The age structure of university teachers is related to 
their rank distribution (Table 9). In 1958-59, 1963- 
64, and 1968-69 assistant professors were the 
modal group. However, the proportion at this rank 



XIV 



fell from 36.6 per cent in 1968-69 to 27.6 per cent 
in 1976-77. To some extent, shifts in rank distri-_ 
bution parallel growing numbers, particularly during 
the mid-sixties, when many assistant professors were 
hired. In 1958-59, 49.8 per cent were at the two 
senior levels (full professor and associate professor); 
this declined to 44.8 per cent in 1968-69, but rose 
again to 59.4 per cent in 1976-77. The increase 
occurred as the assistant professors of the mid- 
sixties were promoted through the associate to the 
full professor level, especially in expanding fields 
such as education, fine and applied arts, humanities 
and social sciences. In the sciences about 70 per 
cent were at these ranks in 1976-77. 

Table 1 shows doctoral qualifications for five se- 
lected years, by field and discipline. The overall 
proportion increased from 41.7 per cent in 1958-59 
to 49.4 per cent in 1968-69 and to 60.0 per cent in 
1976-77. Qualifications varied substantially among 
disciplines, reflecting the distinction between theoret- 
ical and applied fields for in many of the latter a 
Ph.D. is not a teaching prerequisite. In 1976-77 an 
average of 84.6 per cent of the teachers in the 
physical sciences had doctorates, ranging from 80.5 
per cent in mathematics to 91.0 per cent in chemis- 
try. Proportions were low in applied disciplines like 
nursing (5.4 per cent), architecture (10.1 per cent), 
fine and applied arts (20.8 per cent), law (18.1 per 
cent), and dentistry (22.3 per cent). 

The percentage of teachers with doctorates had 
increased considerably in some disciplines. For 
example, in 1958-59, 1 1.8 per cent in commerce 
and business administration held Ph.D.'s; this in- 
creased to 41.5 per cent by 1976-77. Since a 



sizeable number of teachers are still completing their 
studies, the proportion of doctorates in most disci- 
plines is expected to continue to grow. 

The expansion of full-time teachers has subsided, 
although during the last few years universities have 
still added about 1,000 new positions per anum. 
This has happened primarily in "applied" disciplines 
such as business administration and mass media 
studies. Numbers in other disciplines have levelled 
off, and in a few, such as chemistry and English, 
have declined. 

One consequence of the growth during the late 
sixties and early seventies has been an increasing 
proportion of full-time faculty at the two senior ranks 
(full and associate professors). A concomitant fea- 
ture has been a rather moderate increase in the 
average age. As a result of this young age structure, 
few replacement positions will be opened by retire- 
ment and death over the next few years. The propor- 
tion of female teachers has increased gradually, but 
with substantial variations by discipline. The qualifi- 
cations of university faculty, as measured by doctor- 
ates, have improved even during the period of rapid 
expansion. In many disciplines more than three- 
quarters of the teachers have doctorates. 

The purpose of this article was to provide consistent 
historical series of some characteristics of full-time 
university teachers. Other variables such as country 
of first degree, citizenship, previous employment 
pattern and salary have not been analyzed here, 
although this information might provide further in- 
sight into one of the major components of 
university education. 



XV 



Table 1. Full-time University Teachers, by Province and University, 1956-57 to 1977-78 



Province and University 



56/57 57/58* 58/59 59/60* 60/61 61/62* 62/63 63/64 64/65* 65/66 



Memorial 



41 



50 



59 



63 



68 



88 



108 



125 



147 



170 



Prince Edward Island 



10 



12 



14 



17 



20 



21 



23 



24 



28 



33 



Acadia 




54 


59 


64 


69 


75 


77 


79 


83 


86 


89 


Dalhousie 




89 


97 


105 


105 


104 


129 


154 


179 


202 


226 


Mount St. ' 


Vincent 


18 


20 


22 


23 


25 


25 


25 


26 


28 


31 


N.S. Technological 


25 


26 


27 


28 


30 


31 


32 


39 


44 


49 


St. Francis 


Xavier 


78 


79 


80 


84 


89 


97 


106 


121 


120 


119 


St. Mary's 


<, 


25 


27 


29 


33 


37 


42 


47 


49 


53 


57 


Sub-total 


Nova Scotia 


289 


308 


327 


342 


360 


401 


443 


497 


533 


571- 


Mount Allison 


60 


61 


63 


65 


67 


73 


79 


84 


90 


97 


New Brunswick 


83 


90 


97 


111 


125 


138 


152 


171 


193 


216 


Moncton 




12 


22 


33 


38 


43 


44 


44 


46 


59 


72 


Sub-total 
























New Brunswick 


155 


173 


193 


214 


235 


255 


275 


301 


342 


385 


Bishop's 




17 


19 


21 


24 


27 


29 


31 


37 


44 


52 


McGill 




433 


440 


448 


472 


497 


556 


615 


668 


731 


795 


Sir George 


Williams 1 























84 


120 


157 


Montreal 




269 


273 


277 


298 


320 


334 


349 


447 


538 


630 


Loyola 1 




23 


25 


27 


35 


44 


52 


61 


90 


105 


120 


Quebec 


































Laval 




191 


216 


241 


252 


264 


302 


340 


410 


519 


628 


Sherbrooke 




84 


68 


53 


55 


58 


80 


103 


124 


130 


136 


Sub-total 


Quebec 


1,017 


1,041 


1,067 


1, 136 


1,210 


1,353 


1 ,499 


1,860 


2,187 


2,518 


Brock 































25 


Carleton 




45 


64 


83 


98 


113 


112 


112 


167 


178 


190 


Quelph 




252 


248 


245 


244 


243 


253 


263 


264 


293 


322 


Lakehead 






















15 


21 


33 


46 


Laurentian 













12 


25 


29 


33 


36 


48 


61 



1 Since 1974 Sir George Williams and Loyola have been amalgamated with separate campuses as Concordia University. 

* Interpolated 

** Estimated 

*** For some universities, particularly in Quebec, 1976-77 data has been substituted for 1977-78 



XVI 



66/67= : 



67/68 



68/69 



69/70 



70/71 



71/72 



72/73 



73/74 



74/75 



75/76 



76/77 



77/78 ,: 



204 



239 



340 



422 



500 



601 



662 



706 



747 



679 



765 



805 



65 



98 



119 



120 



123 



125 



129 



122 



117 



121 



114 



118 



99 


109 


115 


134 


149 


162 


161 


169 


176 


195 


195 


198 


278 


330 


391 


422 


492 


572 


622 


625 


699 


753 


779 


790 


40 


50 


55 


56 


52 


62 


69 


75 


80 


82 


95 


99 


52 


55 


63 


68 


70 


69 


64 


67 


65 


66 


66 


68 


134 


150 


158 


170 


192 


230 


228 


205 


205 


162 


158 


162 


69 


82 


106 


140 


146 


161 


165 


172 


163 


168 


173 


177 


672 


776 


888 


990 


1, 101 


1,256 


1,309 


1,313 


1,388 


1,426 


1,466 


1,494 


99 


102 


109 


104 


109 


112 


117 


120 


120 


122 


129 


130 


256 


296 


330 


373 


387 


418 


447 


500 


516 


507 


573 


537 


82 


92 


124 


147 


160 


195 


208 


250 


265 


340 


341 


341 



437 



490 



563 



624 



656 



725 



772 



870 



901 



969 



1,043 



1,008 



59 


67 


73 


79 


81 


90 


70 


73 


75 


67 


65 


65 


878 


962 


1 ,091 


1 ,168 


1 , 178 


1 ,138 


1 ,155 


1 ,245 


1 ,260 


1 ,254 


1 ,306 


1 ,306 


192 


228 


304 


322 


351 


349 


356 


377 


385 


372 


411 


411 


803 


977 


1 ,067 


1 ,168 


1 ,212 


1 ,372 


1 ,405 


1 ,427 


1 ,484 


1 ,596 


1 ,645 


1 ,645 


151 


183 


196 


236 


237 


216 


244 


247 


252 


270** 


270 ** 


270** 














761 


949 


992 


1 ,008 


1 ,048 


1 ,185 


1 ,241 


1 ,241 


687 


747 


877 


1 ,021 


1 ,263 


1 ,162 


1 ,192 


1 ,231 


1 ,280 


1 ,340 


1 ,360 


1 ,360 


176 


216 


280 


366 


449 


530 


554 


560 


582 


648 


651 


651 


2,946 


3,380 


3,888 


4,360 


5,532 


5,806 


5,968 


6,168 


6,366 


6,732 


6,949 


6,949 


51 


77 


92 


123 


152 


186 


198 


203 


219 


219 


219 


220 


256 


322 


368 


420 


480 


578 


583 


589 


604 


607 


633 


632 


431 


541 


600 


632 


698 


704 


731 


738 


740 


720 


782 


774 


80 


115 


133 


176 


209 


240 


233 


225 


232 


246 


240 


242 


84 


108 


126 


159 


192 


218 


233 


241 


263 


324 


323 


334 



XVII 



Table 1. Full-time University Teachers, by Province and University, 1956-57 to 1977-78 (concluded) 



Province and University 


56/57 


57/58* 


58/59 


59/60* 


60/61 


61/62* 


62/63 


63/64 


64/65* 


65/66 


McMaster 


103 


102 


102 


114 


126 




148 


171 




195 




244 




293 


Ottawa 


162 


180 


198 


212 


226 




240 


254 




291 




294 




297 


Queen's 


171 


180 


189 


203 


217 




237 


257 




300 




345 




391 


Toronto 


998 


888 


778 


860 


942 


1 


,008 


1 ,073 


1 


,125 


1 


,251 


1 


,376 


OISE 








































Trent 





































39 


Waterloo 














65 




91 


117 




160 




230 




301 


Wilfrid Laurier 














34 




41 


49 




61 




76 




92 


Western 


193 


190 


187 


207 


227 




257 


287 




336 




421 




506 


Windsor 


49 


65 


82 


95 


108 




117 


126 




146 




160 




175 


York 


7 


7 


7 


12 


18 




35 


53 




64 




112 




160 


Sub-total Ontario 


1,980 


1,924 


1,871 


2,057 


2,344 


2 


,568 


2,810 


3 


,166 


3 


,685 


4 


,274- 


Brandon 








20 


22 


24 




29 


34 




40 




47 




55 


Manitoba 


270 


271 


272 


301 


309 




353 


377 




403 




447 




492 


Winnipeg 


29 


31 


33 


37 


42 




57 


71 




99 




106 




113 


Sub-total Manitoba 


299 


302 


325 


360 


375 




439 


482 




542 




600 




660 


Saskatchewan (Saskatoon) 


260 


259 


258 


284 


310 




334 


358 




395 




498 




602 


Saskatchewan (Regina) 








































Sub-total 






























Saskatchewan 


260 


259 


258 


284 


310 




334 


358 




395 




498 




602 


Alberta 


267 


301 


336 


396 


456 




535 


614 




742 




724 




707 


Calgary 





































240 


Lethbridge 








































Sub-total Alberta 


267 


301 


336 


396 


456 




535 


614 




742 




724 




947 


British Columbia 


419 


471 


523 


594 


665 




725 


785 




859 




950 


1 


,044 


Simon Fraser 








































Victoria 














78 




101 


124 




140 




164 




188 


Sub-total 






























British Columbia 


419 


471 


523 


594 


743 




826 


909 




999 


1 


, 114 


1 


,232 


Total 


4,737 


4,841 


4,973 


5,463 


6, 121 


6 


,820 


7.521 


8 


.651 


9 


,858 


11 


,392 


Other Institutions 


261 


302 


344 


463 


394 




430 


465 




474 




590 




696 


Grand Total 


4,998 


5, 158 


5.317 


5,926 


6,515 


7 


.260 


7,986 


9 


. 125 


10 


,605 


12 


.088 



1 Since 1974 Sir George Williams and Loyola have been amalgamated with separate campuses as Concordia University 

* Interpolated 

** Estimated 

*** For some universities, particularly in Quebec, 1976-77 data has been substituted for 1977-78 



XVIII 



66/67* 67/68 68/69 69/70 70/71 71/72 72/73 73/74 74/75 75/76 76/77 77/78' 



329 


365 


389 


436 


477 


675 


711 


747 


771 


806 


831 


877 


352 


408 


467 


591 


653 


835 


877 


886 


901 


935 


934 


945 


444 


498 


565 


668 


699 


764 


808 


828 


821 


875 


899 


886 


1 ,616 


1 ,856 


2,054 


2,165 


2,340 


2,379 


2,423 


2,420 


2,471 


2,420 


2,566 


2,468 





101 


131 


137 


144 


133 


134 


136 


139 


140* 


* 140* 


140** 


59 


79 


101 


113 


120 


157 


160 


172 


175 


177 


186 


182 


377 


454 


471 


563 


649 


728 


714 


729 


741 


802 


800 


805 


105 


119 


124 


129 


141 


136 


142 


144 


178 


194 


206 


219 


583 


661 


665 


753 


867 


1 ,085 


1 ,183 


1 ,207 


1 ,269 


1 ,353 


1 ,368 


1 ,422 


206 


238 


289 


380 


477 


477 


468 


494 


498 


491 


503 


503 


250 


341 


439 


578 


636 


867 


1 ,008 


1 ,007 


1 ,056 


1 ,039 


1 ,037 


977 


5,223 


6,283 


7,014 


8,023 


8,934 


10, 162 


10,606 


10,766 


11,078 


1 1 , 348 


11,667 


1 1 , 626 


64 


74 


80 


89 


95 


128 


109 


116 


108 


131 


134 


136 


585 


679 


804 


896 


1 ,034 


1 , 126 


1 , 133 


1 , 173 


1 ,210 


1 ,236 


1 ,249 


1 ,249 


125 


138 


104 


135 


186 


184 


171 


161 


183 


190 


191 


194 


774 


891 


988 


1, 120 


1 ,315 


1,438 


1,413 


1,450 


1,501 


1 ,557 


1,574 


1,579 


707 


813 


946 


1 ,011 


1 ,156 


1 ,240 


886 


886 


887 


972 


977 


977 




















362 


394 


386 


372 


376 


376 



707 813 946 1,011 1,156 1,240 1,248 1,280 1,273 1,344 1,353 1,353 

1,513 1,548 1,620 

885 933 997 

152 154 159 

2,550 2,635 2,776 

1,875 1,862 1,971 

417 435 456 

478 484 432 

2,770 2,781 2,859 

29,496 30,347 30,567 

1,288 1,326 1,350 

30,784 31,673 31,917 





813 




920 


1 


,010 


1 


,190 


1 ,266 


1 ,420 


1 ,441 


1 ,513 


1 ,487 




338 




437 




549 




722 


668 


791 


764 


799 


851 






















139 


141 


136 


135 


135 


1 


151 


1 


357 


1 


559 


1 


912 


2,073 


2,352 


2,341 


2,447 


2,473 


1 


, 129 


1 


,218 


1 


,292 


1 


,450 


1 ,530 


1 ,642 


1 ,665 


1 ,653 


1 ,789 









312 




339 




345 


329 


336 


325 


380 


373 




230 




273 




333 




385 


416 


415 


417 


396 


438 


1 


359 


1 


803 


1 


964 


2 


180 


2,275 


2,393 


2,407 


2,429 


2,600 


13 


538 


16 


130 


18 


269 


20 


762 


23 , 665 


26,098 


26,855 


27,551 


28,444 




656 




573 




595 


1 


,077 


939 


815 


920 


859 


1 ,498 


14 


394 


16 


703 


18 


864 


21 


839 


24,604 


26,913 


27,775 


28,410 


29,942 



XIX 



Table 2. Percentage Distribution of Full-time University Teachers, by Province and University, 
1956-57 to 1977-78 



Province and University 


56/57 


57/58* 


58/59 


59/60* 


60/61 


61/62* 


62/63 


63/64 


64/65* 


65/66 


Memorial 


0.8 


1.0 


1. 1 


1 . 1 


1.0 


1.2 


1.3 


1.4 


1.4 


1.4 


Prince Edward Island 


0.2 


0.2 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


Acadia 


1 . 1 


1 .1 


1 .2 


1 .2 


1 .1 


1 .1 


1 .0 


0.9 


0.8 


0.7 


Dalhousie 


1 .8 


1 .9 


2.0 


1 .8 


0.6 


1 .8 


1 .9 


2.0 


1 .9 


1 .9 


Mount St . Vincent 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


N.S. Technological 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


St. Francis Xavier 


1 .6 


1 .5 


1 .5 


1 .4 


1 .4 


1 .3 


1 .3 


1 .3 


1 . 1 


1 .0 


St. Mary's 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.5 


0.5 ■ 


Sub-Total Nova Scotia 


5.8 


6.0 


6.1 


5.8 


5.6 


5.5 


5.5 


5.4 


5.0 


4.7 


Mount Allison 


1 .2 


1 .2 


1 .2 


1 .1 


1 .0 


1 .0 


1 .0 


0.9 


0.8 


0.8 


New Brunswick 


1 .7 


1 .7 


1 .8 


1 .9 


1 .9 


1 .9 


1 .9 


1 .9 


1 .8 


1 .8 


Moncton 


0.2 


0.4 


0.6 


0.6 


0.7 


0.6 


0.5 


0.5 


0.6 


0.6 


Sub-Total 






















New Brunswick 


3.1 


3.4 


3.6 


3.6 


3.6 


3.5 


3.4 


3.3 


3.2 


3.2 


Bishop's 


0.3 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


McGill 


8.7 


8.5 


8.4 


8.0 


7.6 


7.7 


7.7 


7.3 


6.9 


6.6 


Sir Geo. Williams 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.9 


1 . 1 


1 .3 


Montreal 


5.4 


5.3 


5 2 


5.0 


4.9 


4.6 


4.4 


4.9 


5.1 


5.2 


Loyola 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.6 


0.7 


0.7 


0.8 


1 .0 


1 .0 


1 .0 


Quebec 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


Laval 


3.8 


4.2 


4.5 


4.3 


4.0 


4.2 


4.3 


4.5 


4.9 


5.2 


Sherbrooke 


1 .7 


1 .3 


1 .0 


0.9 


0.9 


1 . 1 


1 .3 


1 .4 


1 .2 


1 . 1 


Sub-Total Quebec 


20.3 


20.2 


20.1 


19.2 


18.5 


18.6 


18.8 


20.4 


20.6 


20.8 


Brock 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.2 


Carleton 


0.9 


1 .2 


1 .6 


1 .7 


1 .7 


1 .5 


1 .4 


1 .8 


1 .7 


1 .6 


Guelph 


5.0 


4.8 


4.6 


4. 1 


3.7 


3.5 


3.3 


2.9 


2.8 


2.7 


Lakehead 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.2 


0.2 


0.3 


0.4 


Laurentian 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.2 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.6 


0.5 



Interpolated 



xx 



66/67 i: 



67/68 68/69 69/70 70/71 71/72 72/73 73/74 74/75 75/76 76/77 77/78 



1.4 



1.4 



1.8 



1.9 



2.0 



2.2 



2.4 



2.5 



2.5 



2.2 



2.4 



2.5 



0.5 



0.6 



0.6 



0.5 



0.5 



0.5 



0.5 



0.4 



0.4 



0.4 



0.4 



0.4 



0.7 


0.7 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


1 .9 


2.0 


2.1 


1 .9 


2.0 


2. 1 


2.2 


2.2 


2.3 


2.4 


2.4 


2.5 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.2 


0.2 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.4 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.2 


0.2 


0.2 


0.2 


0.2 


0.2 


0.9 


0.9 


0.8 


0.8 


0.8 


0.9 


0.8 


0.7 


0.7 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.6 


4.7 


4.6 


4.7 


4.5 


4.5 


4.7 


4.7 


4.6 


4.6 


4.6 


4.6 


4.7 


0.7 


0.6 


0.6 


0.5 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


1 .8 


1 .8 


1 .7 


1 .7 


1 .6 


1 .6 


1 .6 


1 .8 


1 .7 


1 .6 


1 .8 


1 .7 


0.6 


0.5 


0.7 


0.7 


0.7 


0.7 


0.8 


0.9 


0.9 


1 . 1 


1 . 1 


1 . 1 



3.0 



2.9 



3.0 



2.9 



2.7 



2.7 



2.8 



3. 1 



3.0 



3. 1 



3.3 



3.2 



0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.2 


0.2 


0.2 


0.2 


6.1 


5.8 


5.8 


5.3 


4.8 


4.2 


4.2 


4.4 


4.2 


4.1 


4. 1 


4. 1 


1 .3 


1 .4 


1 .6 


1 .5 


1 .4 


1 .3 


1 .3 


1 .3 


1 .3 


1 .2 


1 .3 


1 .3 


5.6 


5.8 


5.7 


5.3 


4.9 


5.1 


5.1 


5.0 


5.0 


5.2 


5.2 


5.2 


1 .0 


1 . 1 


1 .0 


1 .1 


1 .0 


0.8 


0.9 


0.9 


0.8 


0.9 


0.8 


0.8 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


3.1 


3.5 


3.6 


3.5 


3.5 


3.8 


3.9 


3.9 


4.8 


4.5 


4.6 


4.7 


5.1 


4.3 


4.3 


4.3 


4.3 


4.4 


4.3 


4.3 


1 .2 


1 .3 


1 .5 


1 .7 


1 .8 


2.0 


2.0 


2.0 


1 .9 


2.1 


2. 1 


2.0 


20.5 


20.2 


20.6 


20.0 


22.5 


21 .6 


21.5 


21 .7 


21.3 


21.9 


21.9 


21.8 


0.4 


0.5 


0.5 


0.6 


0.6 


0.7 


0.7 


0.7 


0.7 


0.7 


0.7 


0.7 


1 .8 


1 .9 


2.0 


1 .9 


2.0 


2. 1 


2.1 


2. 1 


2.0 


2.0 


2.0 


2.0 


3.0 


3.2 


3.2 


2.9 


2.8 


2.6 


2.6 


2.6 


2.5 


2.3 


2.5 


2.4 


0.6 


0.7 


0.7 


0.8 


0.8 


0.9 


0.8 


0.8 


0.8 


0.8 


0.8 


0.8 


0.6 


0.6 


0.7 


0.7 


0.8 


0.8 


0.8 


0.8 


0.9 


1 .0 


1 .0 


1 .0 



XXI 



Table 2. Percentage Distribution of Full-time University Teachers, by Province and University, 
1956-57 to 1977-78 (concluded) 



Province and University 


56/57 


57/58* 


58/59 


59/60* 


60/61 


61/62* 


62/63 


63/64 


64/65* 


65/66 


McMaster 


2.1 


2.0 


1 .9 


1 .9 


1 .9 


2.0 


2.1 


2.1 


2.3 


2.4 


Ottawa 


3.2 


3.5 


3.7 


3.6 


3.5 


3.3 


3.2 


3.2 


2.8 


2.5 


Queens 


3.4 


3.5 


3.6 


3.4 


3.3 


3.3 


3.2 


3.3 


3.3 


3.2 


Toronto 


20.0 


17.2 


14.6 


14.5 


14.4 


13.9 


13.4 


12.3 


11 .8 


11.4 


OISE 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


Trent 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.3 


Waterloo 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


1 .0 


1 .3 


1 .5 


1 .8 


2.0 


2.5 


Wilfrid Laurier 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.5 


0.6 


0.6 


0.7 


0.7 


0.8 


Western 


3.9 


3.7 


3.5 


3.5 


3.4 


3.5 


3.6 


3.7 


4.0 


4.2 


Windsor 


1 .0 


1 .3 


1 .5 


1 .6 


1 .7 


1 .6 


1 .6 


1 .6 


1 .5 


1 .4" 


York 


0.1 


0.1 


0.1 


0.2 


0.3 


0.5 


0.7 


0.7 


1 .1 


1 .3 


Sub-total Ontario 


39.6 


37.3 


35.2 


34.7 


35.9 


35.4 


35.2 


34.7 


34.7 


35.4 


Brandon 


0.0 


0.0 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.5 


Manitoba 


5.4 


5.3 


5.1 


5.1 


4.7 


4.9 


4.7 


4.4 


4.2 


4. 1 


Winnipeg 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.8 


0.9 


1 . 1 


1 .0 


0.9 


Sub-total Manitoba 


6.0 


5.9 


6.1 


6.1 


5.7 


6. 1 


6.0 


5.9 


5.6 


5.5 


Saskatchewan (Saskatoon) 


5.2 


5.0 


4.9 


4.8 


4.7 


4.6 


4.5 


4.3 


4.7 


5.0 


Saskatchewan (Regina) 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


Sub-total Saskatchewan 


5.2 


5.0 


4.9 


4.8 


4.7 


4.6 


4.5 


4.3 


4.7 


5.0 


Alberta 


5.3 


5.8 


6.3 


6.7 


7.0 


7.4 


7.7 


8.1 


6.8 


5.8 


Calgary 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


2.0 


Lethbridge 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


Sub-total Alberta 


5.3 


5.8 


6.3 


6.7 


7.0 


7.4 


7.7 


8. 1 


6.8 


7.8 


British Columbia 


8.4 


9.1 


9 8 


10.0 


10.2 


10.0 


9.8 


9.4 


9.0 


8.6 


Simon Fraser 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


Victoria 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


1 .2 


1 .4 


1 .6 


1 .5 


1 .5 


1 6 


Sub-total 






















British Columbia 


8.4 


9. 1 


9.8 


10.0 


11.4 


11.4 


11 .4 


10.9 


10.5 


10.2 


Total 


94.8 


93.9 


93.5 


92 2 


94.0 


94.0 


94.2 


94.8 


94.4 


94.2 


Other Institutions 


5.2 


6. 1 


6.5 


7.8 


6.0 


6. 1 


5.8 


5.2 


5.6 


5.8 


GRAND TOTAL 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100 


100.0 



Interpolated 



XXII 



66/67* 67/68 68/69 69/70 70/71 



71/72 



72/73 



73/74 



74/75 



75/76 



76/77 



77/78 



2.3 


2.2 


2.0 


2.0 


1 .9 


2.5 


2.6 


2.6 


2.6 


2.6 


2.6 


2.7 


2.4 


2.4 


2.5 


2.7 


2.7 


3.1 


3.2 


3.1 


3.0 


3.0 


2.9 


3.0 


3.1 


3.0 


3.0 


3. 1 


2.8 


2.8 


2.9 


2.9 


2.7 


2.8 


2.8 


2.8 


11 .2 


11.1 


10.9 


9.9 


9.5 


8.8 


8.7 


8.5 


8.3 


7.9 


8.1 


7.7 


0.0 


0.6 


0.7 


0.6 


0.6 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


2.6 


2.7 


2.5 


2.6 


2.6 


2.7 


2.6 


2.6 


2.5 


2.6 


2.5 


2.5 


0.7 


0.7 


0.7 


0.6 


0.6 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.7 


4.0 


4.0 


3.5 


3.4 


3.5 


4.0 


4.3 


4.2 


4.2 


4.4 


4.3 


4.4 


1 .4 


1 .4 


1 .5 


1 .7 


1 .9 


1 .8 


1 .7 


1 .7 


1 .7 


1 .6 


1 .6 


1 .6 


1 .7 


2.0 


2.3 


2.6 


2.6 


3.2 


3.6 


3.5 


3.5 


3.4 


3.3 


3. 1 


36.3 


37.6 


37.2 


36.7 


36.3 


37.8 


38.2 


37.9 


37.0 


36.9 


36.8 


36.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.5 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


4. 1 


4. 1 


4.3 


4. 1 


4.2 


4.2 


4. 1 


4. 1 


4.0 


4.0 


3.9 


3.9 


0.9 


0.8 


0.6 


0.6 


0.8 


0.7 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


5.4 


5.3 


5.2 


5. 1 


5.3 


5.3 


5. 1 


5. 1 


5.0 


5.0 


5.0 


4.9 


4.9 


4.9 


5.0 


4.6 


4.7 


4.6 


3.2 


3. 1 


3.0 


3.2 


3. 1 


3.1 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


1 .3 


1 .4 


1 .3 


1 .2 


1 .2 


1 .2 


4.9 


4.9 


5.0 


4.6 


4.7 


4.6 


4.5 


4.5 


4.3 


4.4 


4.3 


4.2 


5.6 


5.5 


5.4 


5.4 


5.1 


5.3 


5.2 


5.3 


5.0 


4.9 


4.9 


5.1 


2.3 


2.6 


2.9 


3.3 


2.7 


2.9 


2.6 


2.8 


2.8 


2.9 


2.9 


3. 1 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.6 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


8.0 


8.1 


8.3 


8.7 


8.4 


8.7 


8.4 


8.6 


8.3 


8.3 


8.3 


8.7 


7.8 


7.3 


6.8 


6.6 


6.2 


6. 1 


6.0 


5.8 


6.0 


6.1 


5.9 


6.2 


0.0 


1 .9 


1 .8 


1 .6 


1 .3 


1 .2 


1 .2 


1 .3 


1 .2 


1 .4 


1 .4 


1 .4 


1 .6 


1 .6 


1 .8 


1 .8 


1 .7 


1 .5 


1 .5 


1 .4 


1 .5 


1 .6 


1 .5 


1 .4 


9.4 


10.8 


10.4 


10.0 


9.2 


8.9 


8.7 


8.5 


8.7 


9.0 


8.8 


9.0 


95.4 


96.6 


96.8 


95. 1 


96.2 


97.0 


96.7 


97.0 


95.0 


95.8 


95.8 


95.8 


4.6 


3.4 


3.2 


4.9 


3.8 


3.0 


3.3 


3.0 


5.0 


4.2 


4.2 


4.2 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 



XXIII 



Table 3. Index (1967-1968 = 100) of Full-time University Teachers, by Province and University, 
1967-68 to 1977-78 



Province and University 


67/68 


68/69 


69/70 


70/71 


71/72 


72/73 


73/74 


74/75 


75/76 


76/77 


77/78 


Memorial 




100 


142 


177 


209 


251 


260 


295 


313 


284 


320 


337 


Prince Edward Island 


100 


121 


122 


125 


125 


132 


124 


119 


123 


116 


120 


Acadia 




100 


106 


123 


137 


149 


148 


155 


161 


179 


179 


182 


Dalhousie 




100 


118 


128 


149 


173 


188 


189 


212 


228 


236 


240 


Mount St. 


Vincent 


100 


110 


112 


104 


124 


138 


150 


160 


164 


190 


198 


N.S. Technical College 


100 


114 


124 


127 


125 


116 


122 


118 


120 


120 


124 


St. Francis 


Xavier 


100 


105 


113 


128 


153 


152 


137 


137 


108 


105 


108 


St. Mary's 




100 


129 


171 


178 


196 


201 


210 


199 


205 


211 


216 


Sub-total 


Nova Scotia 


100 


114 


128 


142 


162 


169 


169 


179 


184 


189 


193 


Mount Allison 


100 


107 


102 


107 


110 


115 


118 


118 


120 


126 


127 


New Brunswick 


100 


111 


126 


131 


141 


151 


169 


174 


171 


194 


181 


Moncton 




100 


135 


160 


174 


212 


226 


272 


288 


370 


371 


. 371 


Sub-total 


New Brunswick 


100 


115 


127 


134 


148 


158 


178 


184 


198 


213 


206 


Bishop's 




100 


109 


118 


121 


134 


104 


109 


112 


100 


97 


97 


McGill 




100 


113 


121 


122 


118 


120 


129 


131 


130 


136 


136 


Sir George 


Williams 


100 


133 


141 


154 


153 


156 


165 


169 


163 


180 


180 


Montreal 




100 


109 


120 


124 


140 


144 


146 


152 


163 


168 


168 


Loyola 




100 


107 


129 


129 


112 


133 


135 


138 


148 


148 


148 


Laval 




100 


117 


137 


169 


156 


160 


165 


171 


179 


182 


182 


Sherbrooke 




100 


130 


169 


208 


245 


256 


259 


267 


300 


301 


301 


Sub-total 


Quebec* 


100 


115 


129 


164 


172 


177 


182 


188 


199 


206 


206 


Brock 




100 


119 


160 


197 


242 


257 


264 


284 


284 


284 


286 


Carleton 




100 


114 


130 


149 


179 


181 


183 


188 


188 


197 


196 


Guelph 




100 


1 11 


117 


129 


130 


135 


136 


137 


133 


145 


143 


Lakehead 




100 


116 


153 


182 


209 


213 


196 


202 


214 


209 


210 


Laurentian 




100 


117 


147 


178 


202 


216 


223 


244 


300 


299 


309 


McMaster 




100 


107 


119 


131 


185 


195 


205 


211 


221 


228 


240 


Ottawa 




100 


114 


145 


160 


205 


215 


217 


221 


229 


229 


232 


Queen's 




100 


113 


134 


140 


153 


162 


147 


165 


176 


181 


178 


Toronto 




100 


111 


117 


126 


128 


131 


130 


133 


130 


138 


133 


OISE 




100 


130 


136 


143 


132 


133 


135 


158 


139 


139 


139 


Trent 




100 


128 


143 


152 


199 


203 


218 


222 


224 


235 


230 


Waterloo 




100 


104 


124 


143 


160 


157 


161 


163 


177 


176 


177 


Wilfrid Laurier 


100 


104 


108 


118 


114 


119 


121 


150 


163 


173 


184 


Western 




100 


101 


114 


131 


166 


179 


183 


192 


205 


207 


215 


Windsor 




100 


121 


160 


200 


200 


197 


208 


209 


206 


211 


211 


York 




100 


129 


170 


187 


254 


296 


295 


310 


305 


304 


286 


Sub-total 


Ontario 


100 


112 


128 


142 


162 


169 


171 


176 


181 


186 


185 


Brandon 




100 


108 


120 


128 


173 


147 


157 


146 


177 


181 


184 


Manitoba 




100 


118 


132 


152 


166 


167 


173 


178 


182 


184 


184 


Winnipeg 




100 


75 


98 


135 


133 


124 


117 


133 


138 


138 


141 


Sub-total 


Manitoba 


100 


111 


126 


148 


161 


159 


163 


168 


175 


177 


177 


Saskatchewan 
























(Saskatoon & Regina) 


100 


116 


124 


142 


152 


154 


157 


157 


165 


166 


166 


Alberta 




100 


110 


129 


138 


154 


154 


164 


162 


164 


168 


176 


Calgary 




100 


126 


165 


153 


181 


175 


183 


195 


203 


214 


228 


Sub-total 


Alberta" 


100 


115 


141 


153 


173 


172 


180 


182 


188 


194 


205 


British Colu 


mbia 


100 


106 


119 


126 


135 


137 


136 


147 


154 


153 


162 


Simon Fraser 


100 


109 


111 


105 


108 


104 


122 


120 


134 


139 


146 


Victoria 




100 


122 


141 


152 


152 


153 


145 


160 


175 


177 


158 


Sub-total 


























British 


Columbia 


100 


109 


121 


126 


133 


133 


135 


144 


154 


154 


159 


Total Universities 


100 


113 


129 


147 


162 


166 


171 


176 


184 


190 


191 



Includes since 1970-71 the University of Quebec 
Includes since 1970-71 the University of Lethbridge 



XXIV 



Table 4. Full-time University Teachers, by Teaching Field & Selected Disciplines, 1956-57 to 1976-77 



Teaching Field 






















and Discipline 


56/57 


57/58* 


58/59 


59/60* 


60/61 


61/62* 


62/63 


63/64 


64/65* 


65/66 


Physical Education 


97 


99 


101 


111 


121 


135 


149 


183 


210 


238 


Education 


185 


209 


234 


299 


364 


417 


471 


527 


599 


670 


Sub-total Education 


282 


308 


335 


410 


485 


552 


620 


710 


809 


908 


Music 


52 


49 


47 


52 


57 


62 


67 


79 


105 


131 


Fine & Applied Arts 


65 


59 


53 


53 


54 


67 


80 


91 


120 


150 


Sub-total Fine Arts 


117 


108 


100 


105 


111 


129 


147 


170 


225 


281 


Classics 


119 


127 


135 


149 


163 


170 


177 


196 


209 


. 222 


History 


125 


135 


146 


167 


187 


219 


250 


305 


374 


443 


Library and Records Science 


18 


14 


10 


12 


13 


18 


23 


26 


31 


36 


Mass Media Studies 


7 


6 


5 


4 


4 


4 


4 


4 


5 


6 


English 


253 


289 


324 


361 


398 


452 


506 


602 


722 


842 


French 


113 


147 


181 


207 


233 


247 


261 


348 


422 


496 


German 


42 


45 


47 


54 


61 


66 


72 


72 


91 


110 


Spanish 


9 


12 


16 


17 


18 


21 


24 


29 


44 


58 


Other Modern Languages 


113 


99 


85 


95 


106 


140 


173 


226 


264 


301 


Philosophy 


148 


168 


187 


202 


217 


251 


285 


326 


365 


405 


Religious Studies 


117 


130 


144 


151 


158 


161 


165 


180 


193 


206 


Sub-total Humanities 


1,064 


1 , 172 


1,280 


1,419 


1,558 


1,749 


1 ,940 


2,314 


2,720 


3, 125 


Anthropology 


9 


10 


12 


15 


19 


20 


21 


32 


41 


51 


Area Studies 


62 


59 


56 


53 


51 


59 


67 


69 


89 


110 


Commerce, Business 






















Administration 


107 


126 


146 


154 


161 


177 


192 


236 


283 


331 


Economics 


173 


179 


186 


201 


216 


244 


272 


312 


367 


423 


Geography 


38 


47 


56 


68 


79 


94 


109 


142 


179 


215 


Law 


62 


72 


82 


94 


105 


120 


134 


141 


164 


187 


Political Science 


21 


29 


36 


45 


54 


73 


93 


123 


162 


200 


Psychology 


88 


102 


115 


122 


130 


150 


170 


228 


314 


400 


Social Work 


57 


58 


59 


62 


66 


69 


72 


102 


108 


113 


Sociology 


32 


38 


43 


52 


61 


72 


84 


115 


155 


195 


Sub-total Social 






















Sciences 


649 


720 


791 


866 


942 


1,078 


1,214 


1,500 


1,862 


2.225 



Interpolated 

Includes applied mathematics and computer science 

Includes, for 1975-76, 200 unclassified teachers and 324 for 1976-77. 



XXVI 



66/67* 67/68 68/69 69/70 70/71 71/72 72/73 73/74 74/75 75/76 



76/77 



286 


334 


385 


440 


425 


579 


620 


632 


659 


712 


717 


813 


956 


1 ,075 


1 ,210 


1 ,877 


1 ,891 


1 ,918 


2,050 


2,247 


2,586 


2,509 


1,099 


1,290 


1,460 


1,650 


2,302 


2,470 


2,538 


2,682 


2,906 


3,298 


3,226 


170 


209 


237 


296 


368 


396 


423 


425 


435 


465 


489 


211 


272 


312 


423 


544 


533 


608 


623 


726 


753 


768 


381 


481 


549 


719 


912 


929 


1,031 


1 ,048 


1, 161 


1,218 


1,257 


242 


261 


284 


329 


269 


277 


275 


269 


264 


256 


260 


534 


626 


714 


856 


935 


1 ,008 


1 ,069 


1 ,037 


1 ,042 


1 ,026 


1 ,063 


44 


53 


63 


80 


88 


94 


92 


93 


95 


98 


99 


7 


8 


10 


13 


31 


72 


72 


83 


101 


125 


140 


986 


1 , 130 


1 ,217 


1 ,372 


1 ,469 


1 ,500 


1 ,479 


1 ,465 


1 ,401 


1 ,350 


1 ,374 


547 


597 


687 


734 


805 


877 


864 


776 


787 


757 


768 


123 


137 


148 


166 


195 


210 


222 


224 


215 


201 


189 


63 


68 


86 


94 


127 


151 


154 


156 


156 


154 


150 


385 


469 


513 


581 


630 


654 


675 


667 


658 


672 


690 


455 


505 


554 


618 


635 


697 


701 


693 


709 


666 


661 


227 


248 


248 


288 


530 


503 


504 


537 


579 


578 


570 


3,613 


4, 102 


4,524 


5, 131 


5,714 


6,043 


6,107 


6,000 


6,007 


5,883 


5,964 


77 


103 


117 


141 


195 


269 


334 


331 


346 


370 


388 


131 


153 


173 


174 


140 


105 


95 


119 


122 


87 


92 


417 


502 


607 


685 


712 


923 


952 


1 ,051 


1 ,227 


1 ,348 


1 ,490 


508 


594 


679 


762 


766 


860 


893 


904 


952 


960 


960 


270 


325 


368 


453 


505 


589 


618 


609 


615 


636 


664 


232 


278 


308 


359 


398 


428 


417 


504 


526 


549 


582 


264 


328 


385 


450 


561 


684 


726 


691 


682 


712 


729 


536 


672 


756 


1 ,010 


1 ,013 


1 , 163 


1 , 196 


1 ,229 


1 ,268 


1 ,322 


1 ,376 


122 


131 


161 


198 


234 


274 


271 


289 


333 


352 


352 


248 


300 


410 


548 


702 


829 


806 


848 


886 


903 


917 



2,805 3,386 3,964 4,780 5,226 6,124 



6,308 



6,575 6,957 7,239 



7,550 



XXVII 



Table 4. Full-time University Teachers, by Teaching Field and Selected Disciplines, 
1 956-57 to 1 976-77 (concluded) 



Teaching Field 
and Discipline 



56/57 57/58* 58/59 59/60* 60/61 61/62* 62/63 63/64 64/65* 



65/66 



Agriculture 

Biology 

Botany 

Household Science & Related 

Veterinary Medicine & 

Sciences 
Zoology 

Sub-total Biological <. 

Sciences 

Architecture 
Chemical Engineering 
Civil Engineering 
Electrical Engineering 
Mechanical Engineering 
Mining Engineering 
Forestry 

Other Applied Sciences 
Sub-total Applied 
Sciences 

Dentistry 
Medicine 
Nursing 
Pharmacy 

Sub-total Health 
Sciences 



243 


230 


217 


208 


199 


215 


232 


239 


252 


267 


118 


112 


105 


113 


120 


141 


161 


223 


251 


278 


68 


66 


65 


67 


70 


75 


79 


88 


108 


127 


57 


71 


86 


92 


98 


99 


101 


107 


113 


118 


58 


55 


51 


52 


54 


55 


56 


52 


58 


65 


246 


232 


218 


229 


240 


255 


271 


310 


351 


393 


790 


766 


742 


761 


781 


840 


900 


1,019 


1,133 


t,248 


42 


46 


50 


53 


56 


58 


60 


69 


76 


83 


38 


44 


49 


56 


64 


68 


73 


80 


92 


105 


152 


146 


140 


167 


194 


209 


224 


232 


250 


268 


74 


86 


99 


118 


138 


154 


171 


186 


205 


225 


79 


98 


117 


138 


160 


167 


173 


182 


195 


208 


100 


78 


56 


58 


65 


66 


67 


77 


83 


88 


20 


24 


29 


33 


36 


38 


39 


41 


45 


49 


74 


84 


93 


93 


92 


109 


126 


144 


148 


152 


579 


606 


633 


716 


805 


869 


933 


1,011 


1,094 


1 , 178 


55 


47 


39 


47 


58 


64 


69 


81 


90 


99 


443 


373 


304 


325 


369 


402 


434 


477 


551 


626 


57 


60 


64 


66 


73 


82 


91 


102 


124 


146 


25 


29 


32 


33 


36 


44 


52 


61 


62 


64 



580 



509 



439 



471 



536 



592 



646 



721 



827 



935 



Mathematics 

Chemistry 

Geology and Related 

Physics 

Sub-total Physical 
Sciences 

GRAND TOTAL 



245 


283 




322 




362 


402 


436 


471 


560 




656 


753 


334 


327 




320 




361 


402 


445 


487 


539 




616 


692 


83 


94 




113 




106 


110 


123 


136 


130 




156 


181 


250 


256 




260 




291 


322 


359 


396 


450 




505 


558 


912 


960 


1 


015 


1 


120 


1.236 


1.363 


1,490 


1,679 


1 


933 


2. 184 


973 


5, 149 


5 


335 


5 


868 


6.454 


7, 172 


7.890 


9,124 


10 


603 


12.084 



Interpolated 

Includes applied mathematics and computer science 

Includes, tor 1 975-76, 200 unclassified university teachers and 324 for 1 976-77. 



XXVIII 



66/67 :: 



67/68 



68/69 



69/70 



70/71 



71/72 72/73 



73/74 



74/75 



75/76 



76/77 



286 


307 


327 


336 


381 


366 


385 


412 


366 


429 


457 


365 


452 


523 


691 


609 


634 


658 


697 


711 


835 


872 


130 


133 


137 


145 


187 


159 


188 


191 


175 


212 


200 


126 


134 


146 


197 


160 


208 


221 


238 


224 


276 


290 


75 


85 


96 


125 


128 


106 


157 


135 


170 


194 


231 


418 


442 


530 


552 


246 


292 


319 


315 


436 


336 


342 



1,400 



1,553 



1,759 2,046 1,711 



1,765 



1 ,928 



1,988 



2,082 



2,281 



2,392 



102 


120 


138 


211 


135 


175 


182 


188 


214 


194 


199 


129 


153 


170 


183 


213 


246 


240 


241 


242 


219 


228 


310 


353 


320 


408 


415 


440 


428 


444 


427 


349 


384 


254 


282 


318 


335 


393 


387 


289 


286 


394 


419 


476 


226 


244 


285 


308 


347 


337 


346 


331 


336 


345 


379 


102 


116 


117 


135 


196 


111 


121 


109 


112 


49 


50 


54 


60 


69 


91 


95 


90 


78 


81 


153 


90 


85 


199 


246 


281 


404 


291 


295 


468 


502 


417 


618 


558 



1,376 



1,574 



1,698 



2,075 2,085 2,081 



2, 152 



2,182 2,295 



2,283 



2,359 



120 


141 


170 


191 


233 


236 


188 


260 


273 


295 


310 


867 


1 ,109 


1 ,276 


1 ,369 


2,394 


2,747 


2,880 


3,032 


3,010 


3, 175 


3,311 


189 


233 


287 


300 


349 


383 


412 


431 


540 


554 


590 


75 


85 


106 


181 


102 


113 


118 


143 


137 


149 


153 



1,251 1,568 1,839 2,041 3,078 3,479 3,598 3,866 3,960 

868 983 1,062 1,223 1,372 1,481 1,394 1,315 1,251 

765 838 939 1,016 927 1,051 1,183 1,162 1,122 

200 220 253 292 330 457 506 516 507 

634 708 769 867 946 1,079 1,158 1,124 1,462 

2,467 2,749 3,023 3,398 3,575 4,068 4,241 4,117 4,342 

14,392 16,703 18,816 21,840 24,603 26,959 27,903 28,458 29,710 



4, 173 



4,364 



1 


, 867** 


1 


,868 ! 




896 




911 




457 




478 




989 




983 


4 


,209 


4 


,240 


30 


,784*'* 


31 


, 673* 



XXIX 



Table 5. Percentage Distribution of Full-time University Teachers, by Teaching Field and 
Selected Disciplines, 1956-57 to 1976-77 



Teaching Field 






















and Discipline 


56/57 


57/58* 


58/59 


59/60* 


60/61 


61/62* 


62/63 


63/64 


64/65* 


65/66 


Physical Education 


2.0 


1 .9 


1 .9 


1 .9 


1 .9 


1 .9 


1 .9 


2.0 


2.0 


2.0 


Education 


3.7 


4. 1 


4.4 


5.1 


5.6 


5.8 


6.0 


5.8 


5.6 


5.5 


Sub-total Education 


5.7 


6.0 


6.3 


7.0 


7.5 


7.7 


7.9 


7.8 


7.6 


7.5 


Music 


1 .0 


1 .0 


0.9 


0.9 


0.9 


0.9 


0.8 


0.9 


1 .0 


1 .1 


Fine & Applied Arts 


1 .3 


1 . 1 


1 .0 


0.9 


0.8 


0.9 


1 .0 


1 .0 


1 . 1 


1 .2 


Sub-total Fine Arts 


2.3 


2. 1 


1.9 


1.8 


1.7 


1.8 


1.8 


1.9 


2.1 


2.3 


Classics 


2.4 


2.5 


2.5 


2.5 


2.5 


2.4 


2.2 


2. 1 


2.0 


1 .8 


History 


2.5 


2.6 


2.7 


2.8 


2.9 


3.0 


3.2 


3.3 


3.5 


3.7 


Library and Records Science 


0.4 


0.3 


0.2 


0.2 


0.2 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


Mass Media Studies 


0. 1 


0. 1 


0.1 


0.1 


0.0 


0. 1 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


English 


5.1 


5.6 


6. 1 


6.2 


6.2 


6.3 


6.4 


6.6 


6.8 


7.0 


French 


2.2 


2.9 


3.4 


3.5 


3.6 


3.4 


3.3 


3.8 


4.0 


4. 1 


German 


0.8 


0.9 


0.9 


0.9 


0.9 


0.9 


0.9 


0.8 


0.9 


0.9 


Spanish 


0.2 


0.2 


0.4 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.4 


0.5 


Other Modern Languages 


2.3 


1 .9 


1 .5 


1 .6 


1 .6 


2.0 


2.2 


2.5 


2.5 


2.5 


Philosophy 


3.0 


3.3 


3.5 


3.4 


3.4 


3.5 


3.6 


3.6 


3.4 


3.4 


Religious Studies 


2.4 


2.5 


2.7 


2.6 


2.5 


2.2 


2. 1 


2.0 


1 .8 


1 .7 


Sub-total Humanities 


21.4 


22.8 


24.0 


24. 1 


24. 1 


24.4 


24.5 


25.3 


25.6 


25.9 


Anthropology 


0.2 


0.2 


0.2 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


Area Studies 


1 .2 


1 . 1 


1 . 1 


0.9 


0.8 


0.8 


0.8 


0.7 


8 


0.9 


Commerce, Business 






















Administration 


2.2 


2.5 


2.7 


2 6 


2.5 


2.4 


2.4 


2.6 


2.7 


2.7 


Economics 


3.5 


3.5 


3.5 


3.4 


3.3 


3.4 


3.5 


3.4 


3.5 


3.5 


Geography 


0.8 


0.9 


1 . 1 


1 .2 


1 .2 


1 .3 


1 .4 


1 .6 


1 .7 


1 8 


Law 


1 .2 


1 .4 


1 .5 


1 .6 


1 .6 


1 .7 


1 .7 


1 .5 


1 .5 


1 .6 


Political Science 


0.4 


0.6 


0.7 


0.7 


0.9 


1 .0 


1 .2 


1 .3 


1 .5 


1 .7 


Psychology 


1 .8 


2.0 


2.2 


2. 1 


2.0 


2.1 


2.2 


2.5 


3.0 


3.3 


Social Work 


1 .1 


1 . 1 


1 .1 


1 .0 


1 .0 


1 .0 


0.9 


1 . 1 


1 .0 


0.9 


Sociology 


0.7 


0.7 


0.8 


0.9 


1 .0 


1 .0 


1 .1 


1 .3 


1 .5 


1 .6 


Sub-total Social Sciences 


13. 1 


14 


14.9 


14.7 


14.6 


15.0 


15.5 


16.4 


17.6 


18.4 



Interpolated 



xxx 



66/67* 



67/68 68/69 69/70 70/71 71/72 72/73 73/74 74/75 75/76 76/77 



2.0 
5.6 

7.6 



2.0 

5.7 

7.7 



2.0 
5.7 

7.7 



2.0 
5.5 

7.5 



1 .7 

7.6 

9.3 



2.2 
7.0 

9.2 



2.2 
6.9 

9.1 



2.2 
7.2 

9.4 



2.2 

7.6 

9.8 



2.3 

8.4 

10.7 



2.3 

7.9 

10.2 



1 .2 
1 .4 

2.6 



1 .3 

1 .6 

2.9 



1 .3 
1 .6 

2.9 



1 4 
1 .9 

3.3 



1 .5 
2.2 

3.7 



1 .5 
1 .9 

3.4 



1 .5 
2.2 

3.7 



1 .5 
2.2 

3.7 



1 .5 
2.2 

3.9 



1 .5 
2.4 

4.0 



1 .5 
2.4 

4.0 



1 .7 


1 .6 


1 .5 


1 .5 


1 . 1 


1 .0 


1 .0 


1 .0 


0.9 


0.8 


0.8 


3.7 


3.7 


3.8 


3.9 


3.8 


3.7 


3.9 


3.6 


3.5 


3.3 


3.4 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.4 


0.4 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


0.1 


0. 1 


0.3 


0.2 


0.3 


0.3 


0.4 


0.4 


6.9 


6.8 


6.5 


6.3 


6.0 


5.5 


5.3 


5.1 


4.7 


4.4 


4.3 


3.8 


3.6 


3.6 


3.3 


3.3 


3.3 


3. 1 


2.7 


2.6 


2.4 


2.4 


0.9 


0.8 


0.8 


0.8 


0.8 


0.8 


0.8 


0.8 


0.7 


0.6 


0.6 


0.4 


0.4 


0.5 


0.4 


0.5 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


2.7 


2.8 


2.7 


2.7 


2.5 


2.4 


2.4 


2.3 


2.2 


2.2 


2. 1 


3.2 


3.0 


3.0 


2.8 


2.6 


2.6 


2.5 


2.5 


2.4 


2.2 


2. 1 


1 .6 


1 .5 


1 .3 


1 .3 


2.2 


1 .9 


1 .8 


1 .9 


1 .9 


1 .9 


1 .8 



25.2 



24.5 



24.0 



23.5 



23.3 



22.4 



21.9 



21.0 20.2 



19. 1 



18.8 



0.5 


0.6 


0.7 


0.6 


0.8 


1 .0 


1 .2 


1 .2 


1 .2 


1 .2 


1 .2 


0.9 


0.9 


0.9 


0.8 


0.6 


0.4 


0.3 


0.4 


0.4 


0.3 


0.3 


2.9 


3.0 


3.2 


3.1 


2.9 


3.4 


3.4 


3.7 


4. 1 


4.4 


4.7 


3.5 


3.6 


3.6 


3.5 


3.1 


3.2 


3.2 


3.1 


3.2 


3.1 


3.0 


1 .9 


1 .9 


2.0 


2. 1 


2.0 


2.2 


2.2 


2. 1 


2. 1 


2. 1 


2.1 


1 .6 


1 .7 


1 .6 


1 .6 


1 .6 


1 .6 


1 .5 


1 .8 


1 .8 


1 .8 


1 .8 


1 .8 


2.0 


2.0 


2.1 


2.3 


2.5 


2.6 


2.4 


2.3 


2.3 


2.3 


3.7 


4.0 


4.0 


4.6 


4. 1 


4.3 


4.3 


4.3 


4.3 


4.3 


4.3 


0.9 


0.8 


0.9 


0.9 


1 .0 


1 .0 


1 .0 


1 .0 


1 . 1 


1 . 1 


1 . 1 


1 .8 


1 .8 


2.2 


2.5 


2.8 


3.1 


2.9 


3.0 


3.0 


2.9 


2.9 



19.5 



20.3 



21.0 



21.9 



21.2 



22.7 



22.6 23.0 



23.4 23.5 



23.7 



XXXI 



Table 5. Percentage Distribution of Full-time University Teachers, by Teaching Field and 
Selected Disciplines, 1956-57 to 1976-77 (concluded) 



Teaching Field 
and Discipline 



56/57 57/58* 58/59 59/60* 60/61 61/62* 62/63 63/64 64/65* 65/66 



Agriculture 
Biology 
Botany 
Household 
Veterinary 
Science 
Zoology 



Science 
Medicine 



& Related 
& 



Sub-total Biological 
Science 



4.9 


4.5 


4.0 


3.5 


3.1 


3.0 


3.0 


2.6 


2.4 


2.2 


2.4 


2.2 


2.0 


1 .9 


1 .9 


2.0 


2.0 


2.4 


2.4 


2.3 


1 .4 


1 .3 


1 .2 


1 . 1 


1 . 1 


1 .0 


1 .0 


1 .0 


1 .0 


1 .1 


1 .1 


1 .4 


1 .6 


1 .6 


1 .5 


1 .4 


1 .3 


1 .2 


1 .1 


1 .0 


1 .2 


1 .1 


1 .0 


0.9 


0.8 


0.8 


0.7 


0.6 


0.5 


0.5 


4.9 


4.5 


4.1 


3.9 


3.7 


3.5 


3.4 


3.4 


3.3 


3.2 



15.9 



14.8 



13.9 



12.9 



12. 1 



11.7 



11 .4 



11.2 



10.7 



10.3 



Architecture 
Chemical Engineering 
Civil Engineering 
Electrical Engineering 
Mechanical Engineering 
Mining Engineering 
Forestry 
Other Applied Sciences 

Sub-total Applied 
Sciences 



0.8 


0.9 


0.9 


0.9 


0.9 


0.8 


0.8 


0.8 


0.7 


0.7 


0.8 


0.9 


0.9 


1 .0 


1 .0 


0.9 


0.9 


0.9 


0.9 


0.9 


3.0 


2.8 


2.6 


2.8 


3.0 


2.9 


2.8 


2.5 


2.4 


2.2 


1 .5 


1 .7 


1 .9 


2.0 


2.2 


2.1 


2.2 


2.0 


1 .9 


1 .9 


1 .6 


1 .9 


2.2 


2.3 


2.5 


2.3 


2.2 


2.0 


1 .8 


1 .7 


2.0 


1 .5 


1 . 1 


1 .0 


1 .0 


1 .0 


0.8 


0.8 


0.8 


0.7 


0.4 


0.5 


0.5 


0.6 


0.6 


0.5 


0.5 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


1 .5 


1 .6 


1 .8 


1 .6 


1 .4 


1 .5 


1 .6 


1 .6 


1 .4 


1 .2 



11.6 



11.8 



11.9 



12.2 



12.5 



12. 1 



11.8 



11.1 



10.3 



9.7 



Dentistry 
Medicine 
Nursing 
Pharmacy 

Sub-total Health 
Sciences 



1 . 1 


0.9 


0. 7 


0.8 


0.9 


0.9 


0.9 


0.9 


0.8 


0.8 


8.9 


7.2 


5.7 


5.5 


5.7 


5.6 


5.5 


5.2 


5.2 


5.2 


1 .2 


1 .2 


1 .2 


1 . 1 


1 . 1 


1 .2 


1 .2 


1 . 1 


1 2 


1 .2 


0.5 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.6 


0.7 


0.6 


0.5 



11.7 



9.9 



8.2 



8.3 



8.3 



8.3 



8.2 



7.9 



7.8 



7.7 



Mathematics 

Chemistry 

Geology and Related 

Physics 

Sub-total Physical 
Sciences 

GRAND TOTAL 



4.8 


5.4 


6.0 


6.1 


6.1 


6.0 


5.8 


6.0 


6.1 


6.1 


6.5 


6.2 


5.9 


6.0 


6.1 


6.1 


6.1 


5.8 


5.7 


5.7 


1 .6 


1 .8 


1 .9 


1 .8 


1 .7 


1 .7 


1 .7 


1 .4 


1 .5 


1 .5 


5.0 


4.9 


4.9 


4.9 


5.0 


5.0 


5.0 


4.9 


4.8 


4.6 


18.3 


18.6 


18.9 


19.0 


19 2 


19.0 


18 9 


18.4 


18.2 


18. 1 


100.0 


100.0 


100 


100 


100 


100 


100.0 


100.0 


100 


100.0 



Interpolated 



XXXII 



66/67 s 



67/68 68/69 69/70 70/71 71/72 72/73 73/74 74/75 75/76 76/77 



2.0 


1 .8 


1 .7 


1 .5 


1 .5 


1 .4 


1 .4 


1 .5 


1 .2 


1 .4 


1 .4 


2.5 


2.7 


2.8 


3.2 


2.5 


2.3 


2.4 


2.4 


2.4 


2.7 


2.8 


0.9 


0.8 


0.7 


0.7 


0.8 


0.6 


0.6 


0.7 


0.6 


0.7 


0.6 


0.9 


0.8 


0.8 


0.9 


0.7 


0.8 


0.8 


0.8 


0.8 


0.9 


0.9 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.6 


0.5 


0.4 


0.6 


0.5 


0.6 


0.6 


0.7 


2.9 


2.7 


2.8 


2.5 


1 .0 


1 .1 


1 .1 


1 .1 


1 .5 


1 .1 


1 .1 



9.7 



9.3 



9.3 



9.4 



7.0 



6.6 



6.9 



7.0 



7.0 



7.4 



7.6 



0.7 


0.7 


0.7 


1 .0 


0.5 


0.7 


0.7 


0.7 


0.7 


0.6 


0.6 


0.9 


0.9 


0.9 


0.8 


0.9 


0.9 


0.9 


0.8 


0.8 


0.7 


0.7 


2.2 


2. 1 


2.0 


1 .9 


1 .7 


1 .6 


1 .5 


1 .6 


1 .4 


1 . 1 


1 .2 


1 .7 


1 .7 


1 .7 


1 .5 


1 .6 


1 .5 


1 .0 


1 .0 


1 .3 


1 .4 


1 .5 


1 .6 


1 .5 


1 .5 


1 .4 


1 .4 


1 .2 


1 .2 


1 .1 


1 . 1 


1 . 1 


1 .2 


0.7 


0.7 


0.6 


0.6 


0.8 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.2 


0.2 


0.4 


0.3 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.5 


0.3 


0.3 


1 .4 


1 .5 


1 .5 


1 .9 


1 .2 


1 . 1 


1 .7 


1 .7 


1 .4 


2.0 


1 .8 



9.6 



9.4 



9.3 



9.5 



8.5 



7.7 



7.7 



7.6 



7.7 



7.4 



7.5 



0.8 


0.8 


0.9 


0.9 


1 .0 


0.9 


0.6 


0.9 


0.9 


1 .0 


1 .0 


6.1 


6.6 


6.8 


6.2 


9.7 


10.2 


10.3 


10.6 


10.1 


10.3 


10.4 


1 .3 


1 .4 


1 .5 


1 .4 


1 .4 


1 .4 


1 .5 


1 .5 


1 .8 


1 .8 


1 .9 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.8 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 



8.7 



9.4 



9.7 



9.3 



12.5 



12.9 



12.8 



13.5 



13.3 



13.6 



13.8 



5.9 


5.8 


5.6 


5.5 


5.3 


5.0 


4.2 


3.9 


4.2 


6. 1 


5.9 


5.2 


4.9 


4.9 


4.6 


3.6 


3.5 


3.6 


3.5 


3.8 


2.9 


2.9 


1 .4 


1 .3 


1 .3 


1 .3 


1 .3 


1 .5 


1 .6 


1 .5 


1 .7 


1 .5 


1 .5 


4.4 


4.2 


4.1 


4.0 


3.8 


4.0 


4.2 


3.9 


4.9 


3.2 


3. 1 


17.1 


16.5 


16.0 


15.6 


14.5 


15.1 


15.2 


14.8 


14.6 


13.7 


13.4 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 



XXXIII 



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XXXV 



Table 7 



Full-time Female University Teachers as a Percentage 
of the Total , by Teaching Field , Selected Years 



Teaching Field 


1958-59 


1963-64 


1968-69 


1973-74 


1976-77 


Education 


29.5 


25.1 


23.8 


21 .3 


23.2 


Fine and Applied Arts 


17.5 


16.4 


17.5 


18.7 


20.4 


Humanities 


9.7 


12.8 


18.1 


16.6 


17.1 


Social Sciences 


7.8 


8.0 


8.7 


10.2 


12.4 


Biological Sciences 


16.5 


16.4 


16.2 


15.7 


16.1 


Engineering and Applied Sciences 


0.3 


1 .1 


0.7 


0.7 


1 .0 


Health Sciences 


25.6 


27.1 


24.8 


20.6 


22.9 


Mathematics and Physical 












Sciences 


3.6 


4. 1 


4.8 


4. 1 


3.7 


Total 


10.7 


11 .6 


13.2 


13.0 


14.4 



Table 8 



Average Age of Full-time University Teachers, 
by Teaching Field , Selected Years 



Teaching Field 


1958-59 


1963-64 


1968-69 


1973-74 


1976-77 


Education 


40.4 


40.6 


40.0 


40.6 


41 .9 


Fine and Applied Arts 


39.2 


39.8 


39.7 


39.9 


41 .3 


Humanities 


39.3 


39.3 


38.0 


40.5 


42.7 


Social Sciences 


37.8 


37.9 


36.9 


39.9 


39.4 


Biological Sciences 


39.2 


40.6 


40.5 


40.8 


41 .9 


Engineering and Applied Sciences 


37.4 


38.5 


38.7 


40.6 


42.5 


Health Sciences 


40.2 


41 .9 


40.6 


41 .4 


42.4 


Mathematics and Physical 












Sciences 


37.8 


37.9 


37.4 


38.9 


40.9 


Total 


38.9 


39.4 


38.6 


40.0 


41 .4 



XXXVI 



Table 9. Percentage Distribution of University Teachers, by Rank and Teaching Field, Selected Years 









1958-59 








1963- 


64 














Lecturer 










Lecturer 






Full 


Associate 


Assistant 


or 




Full 


Associate 


Assistant 


or 




Teaching Field 


Professor 


Professor 


Professor 


Instructor 


Other 


Professor 


Professor 


Professor 


Instructor 


Other 


Education 


20.4 


25.9 


27.5 


23.5 


2.8 


14.3 


24.5 


31 .3 


29. 1 


0.9 


Fine and 






















Applied Arts 


20.6 


26.8 


12.4 


36. 1 


4. 1 


12.8 


26.2 


33.5 


25.6 


1 .8 


Humanities 


24.3 


18.4 


26.6 


20.2 


10.4 


17.6 


18.7 


29.1 


27.9 


6.8 


Social Sciences 


23.0 


24.7 


30. 1 


18.2 


3.9 


18.2 


25.3 


35.5 


19.9 


1 .2 


Biological 






















Sciences 


27.2 


25.2 


32. 1 


14.6 


0.8 


23.9 


29.3 


33.7 


11.7 


1 .4 


Engineering and 






















Applied Sciences 


22.9 


24.4 


34.9 


16.2 


1 .6 


19.2 


28.4 


35.9 


16.3 


0.2 


Health Sciences 


32.2 


21 .6 


27.5 


18.1 


0.5 


25.1 


25.1 


29.1 


20.5 


0. 1 


Mathematics and 






















Physical 






















Sciences 


26.8 


24.4 


29. 1 


13.4 


6.3 


21 .4 


27.2 


34.3 


13.6 


3.4 


Total 


27.5 


22.3 


28.2 


17.2 


4.7 


21 .5 


24.1 


31 .8 


19.8 


2.8 








1968-69 








1973- 


-74 














Lecturer 










Lecturer 






Full 


Associate 


Assistant 


or 




Full 


Associate 


Assistant 


or 




Teaching Field 


Professor 


Professor 


Professor 


Instructor 


Other 


Professor 


Professor 


Professor 


Instructor 


Other 


Education 


11,3 


26.7 


38.4 


22. 1 


1 .5 


12.8 


29.7 


37.9 


16.0 


3.6 


Fine and 






















Applied Arts 


12. 1 


21 .6 


40.2 


23. 1 


3.0 


11.8 


28.4 


37.9 


19.3 


2.7 


Humanities 


14.5 


20.8 


37.2 


25.8 


1 .8 


19.3 


30.1 


35.9 


13.1 


1 .7 


Social Sciences 


17.5 


24.5 


41 .1 


15.6 


1 .3 


19.8 


29.2 


37.3 


12.0 


1 .7 


Biological 






















Sciences 


23.0 


30.8 


35. 1 


10.3 


0.8 


27.6 


32.7 


29.6 


8.6 


1 .6 


Engineering and 






















Applied Sciences 


21 .5 


34.9 


34.6 


8.0 


1 .0 


27.7 


40.5 


24.9 


5. 1 


1 .9 


Health Sciences 


20.2 


22.4 


31 .7 


20.0 


5.6 


22.5 


28. 1 


35.1 


12.9 


1 .4 


Mathematics and 






















Physical 






















Sciences 


21 .8 


28.9 


37.8 


9.9 


1 .6 


25.8 


35.2 


29.5 


6.7 


2.8 


Total 


19.4 


25.4 


36.6 


16.7 


1 .8 


22. 1 


30.9 


33.6 


11.3 


2.1 


1976-77 










Lecturer 
















Full 


Associate 


Assistant 


or 














Teaching Field 


Professor 


Professor 


Professor 


Instructor 


Other 












Education 


15.6 


32.8 


32.2 


9.0 


10.3 












Fine and 






















Applied Arts 


15.3 


30.3 


33.7 


9.2 


11 .5 












Humanities 


22.7 


37.2 


28.4 


5.5 


6. 1 












Social Sciences 


22.2 


33.3 


30.3 


6.8 


7.4 












Biological 






















Sciences 


32.9 


33.9 


23. 1 


4.2 


5.9 












Engineering and 






















Applied Sciences 


35.0 


38.0 


16.0 


3.6 


7.3 












Health Sciences 


25.3 


30.7 


31 .9 


7.7 


4.4 












Mathematics and 






















Physical 






















Sciences 


31 .4 


39. 1 


20.8 


2.5 


6.2 












Total 


24.9 


34.5 


27.6 


6. 1 


7.0 













XXXVII 



Table 10. Doctoral Qualifications of Full-time University Teachers, by Teaching Field and 
Selected Discipline, Selected Years 



Teaching Field and Discipline 



58/59 



63/64 



68/69 



73/74 



76/77 



Physical education 
Education 

Sub-total education 

Music 

Fine and Applied Arts 
Sub-total Fine Arts 

Classics 
History 

Library and Records Science 
Mass Media Studies 
English 
French 
German 
Spanish 

Other Modern Languages 
Philosophy 
Religious Studies 
Sub-total Humanities 

Anthropology 

Area Studies 

Commerce, Business Administration 

Economics 

Geography 

Law 

Political Science 

Psychology 

Social Work 

Sociology 

Sub-total Social Sciences 

Agriculture 

Biology 

Botany 

Household Science and related 

Veterinary Medicine and Sciences 

Zoology 

Sub-total Biological Sciences 

Architecture 

Chemical Engineering 

Civil Engineering 

Electrical Engineering 

Forestry 

Mechanical Engineering 

Mining Engineering 

Sub-total Applied Sciences 

Dentistry 
Medicine 
Nursing 
Pharmacy 

Sub-total Health Sciences 

Mathematics 

Chemistry 

Geology and Related 

Physics 

Sub-total Physical Sciences 

GRAND TOTAL 



6. 1 


8.4 


11.1 


29.3 


38.4 


27.0 


27.5 


35.3 


43.5 


47.9 


20.7 


22.6 


29.9 


40. 1 


45.8 


15.2 


13.2 


15.5 


22.8 


25.6 


17.6 


21 .6 


21 .0 


15.9 


17.7 


16.5 


17.7 


18.6 


18.7 


20.8 


46.6 


37.2 


47.3 


62.0 


67.4 


55.3 


49.2 


54.3 


63.0 


77.1 


0.0 


16.0 


11 .3 


23.9 


28.4 


0.0 


0.0 


0.0 


17.7 


19.0 


40.3 


37.9 


42.9 


60.7 


70.0 


34.9 


31 .7 


33.2 


47.8 


58.8 


80.0 


55.7 


51 .7 


72.3 


76.6 


20 ^ 


28.6 


34.5 


52.3 


69.4 


£ 


41 .8 


43.1 


49.9 


59.9 




52.5 


48.5 


67.0 


75.7 




43.4 


49.8 


60.1 


67.2 




41.4 


44.2 


58.9 


67.4 


L. 


60.0 


54 1 


61 .8 


71 .9 


38.3 


38.5 


42.3 


62.8 


54.0 


11 .8 


17. 1 


25.6 


39.1 


41 .5 


47.4 


44.4 


52.0 


63.8 


70.4 


51 .9 


48.5 


54.3 


66.7 


74.2 


17.1 


18.0 


15.5 


16.5 


18.1 


45.5 


50.0 


46.4 


58.6 


68.8 


60.7 


69.8 


69.7 


77.0 


81 .1 


14.5 


14.6 


15.8 


23.4 


29. 1 


40.0 


50.9 


47.3 


55.7 


66. 1 


36.9 


41.2 


45.9 


55.4 


60.3 


53.3 


64.7 


70.3 


79.8 


83.4 


59.4 


65.4 


76.1 


83.1 


83.4 


81 .0 


81 .4 


85.8 


89.2 


91 .7 


3.6 


8.7 


17.5 


38.9 


44.5 


20.4 


17.6 


29.8 


40.7 


47.2 


61 .6 


61 .6 


71 .2 


89.2 


90.0 


51.0 


57. 1 


66.9 


76. 1 


78.3 


2. 1 


6.0 


8.9 


7.7 


10.1 


63.8 


70.5 


83.1 


87.2 


89.5 


14.8 


22.7 


45.6 


57.8 


67.7 


21 .9 


28.2 


59.2 


72.7 


68.5 


32.1 


25.0 


46.3 


50 6 


19.0 


10.6 


24.3 


52.0 


63.6 


64.4 


42.6 


58.7 


72.8 


72.6 


60.0 


20.8 


29.9 


51.4 


59.7 


61.2 


7.9 


12.7 


23.2 


18.7 


22.3 


26.9 


29.7 


23.7 


42.7 


46.3 


1 .6 


2.0 


3.2 


3.9 


5.4 


51 .6 


59.3 


76.9 


79.6 


82.4 


23.3 


26.4 


30.5 


38.2 


38.6 


48.9 


47.3 


60.5 


78.2 


80.5 


76.7 


81 .0 


85.9 


90.3 


91 .0 


74.5 


80.0 


87.3 


86.9 


90.5 


69.8 


67.8 


81 .2 


86.6 


88.4 


65.4 


66. 1 


75.9 


82.0 


84.6 



41 .7 



43.4 



49.4 



56.8 



60.0 



XXXVIII 



Observations 



1976 Census Publication Programme 

Results of the 1976 Census of Canada began ap- 
pearing in printed bulletin format in mid 1977 and 
will continue to be produced for the next 18 months 
before the publication programme is complete. It will 
require some 140 plus bulletins to tell the complete 
story of data collected from the 1976 Census rang- 
ing all the way from pure administrative procedures 
to basic population counts for Canada, the Provinces 
and municipalities, to information concerning the 
quality of data produced, with details of errors inher- 
ent in that data. The following provides a brief de- 
scription of the publication programme of the most 
recent census with some indication as to when it will 
become available. 



The Regular Volume Series. This series is similar in 
many respects to the published bulletins of past 
censuses, however there are some differences. The 
1976 Census has implemented a certain number of 
improvements which the reader will find helpful in the 
interpretation of the data. All bulletins include state- 
ments on basic measures of data quality, with spe- 
cific reference to response rates, coverage error and 
the total standard error. A number of bulletins have 
been designed to incorporate a compendium of the 
most widely used population and housing data. They 
cover such geographic areas as the Census Tracts in 
the larger urban areas (50,000 population and over), 
Provincial Census Tracts, in the remainder of the 
country, municipalities of 5,000 population and over, 
Census Metropolitan Areas, and the 282 new federal 
electoral districts based upon the 1976 Representa- 
tion Order and upon which the next general election 
of Canada will be based. Bulletins have been made 
more attractive, with a distinctive cover design, the 
addition of colour into the graphs and charts, and 
the introduction as well of coloured thematic maps. 



They are as follows: 



ume 


No. of 
Bulletins 


Title 


1 


12 


Geographic Distributions 


2 


9 


Demographic Characteristics 


3 


11 


Dwelling and Households 


4 


6 


Families 


5 


9 


Labour Force Activity 


6 


32 


Census Tracts 


7 


8 


Provincial Census Tracts 


8 


6 


Supplementary Reports: 

Geographic and Demographic 


9 


6 


Supplementary Reports: 
Housing and Families 


10 


8 


Supplementary Reports: 



Economic Characteristics 

For details on listing of individual bulletins see Sta- 
tistics Canada Catalogue Supplement^ 1-204/ 1/77. 

Geographic distributions have been available since 
the summer of 1977. This series will be completed 
during the first half of 1979. 

Enumeration Area Reference Lists 

The Enumeration Area Reference Lists of the 1976 
Census establish the linkage amongst the various 
geographic areas of census data collection and 
presentation - thus "geostatistical areas". 

Enumeration Areas by number are shown in 1 1 
bulletins as follows. They have been available since 
summer 1977. 



Ten Volumes incorporate al 
Regular Volume series. 



the bulletins of the 



1, 



3. 
4. 



Census Subdivisions (Municipalities) Atlantic 
Provinces 

Census Subdivisions (Municipalities) 
Quebec 

Census Subdivisions (Municipalities) Ontario 
Census Subdivisions (Municipalities) West- 
ern Provinces and the Territories 



XXXIX 



5. Census Tracts 

6. Provincial Census Tracts - Atlantic 
Provinces 

7. Provincial Census Tracts - Quebec 

8. Provincial Census Tracts - Ontario 

9. Provincial Census Tracts - Western Prov- 
inces and the Territories 

1 0. Components of Census Metropolitan Areas 
and Census Agglomerations 

1 1. Urban Areas by Census Division (Counties, 

Regional Municipalities, Regional Districts, etc.) 

1976 Census Research Series 

Popular, descriptive type of studies covering major 
subject matter areas will be undertaken. The series 
will be entitled Canadians 1976. The first to be 
released will be "The Elderly" and will appear in the 
fall of 1978. Subsequent studies will concentrate on 
such topics as "The Cities", "Women in the Labour 
Force" or "The Family". They will be approximately 
25 pages in length, interspersed with appealing and 
appropriate illustrations, photographs, captions and 
summary tables. They will highlight major issues of 
public interest and generate increased awareness of 
data from the Census of Canada. 

1976 - Quality of Data Series 

This is a new series in which all information relating 
to the quality of the 1976 Census data will be pre- 
sented. There will be two sub series. The first entitled 
"Source of Error" will contain five bulletins, each 
dealing with a particular type or source of error. 
They are (1) coverage, (2) response, (3) processing, 

(4) the effect of edit and imputation, (5) error intro- 
duced by sampling and weighting. They will contain 

a description of the census operations relevant to the 
particular error source, and will present the results of 
studies carried out to measure the error. These 
bulletins will be released in the January to July pe- 
riod of 1979. The second sub series entitled "Con- 
tent Studies" will contain seven bulletins each deal- 
ing with a specific subject matter area: (1) basic 
demographic (age, sex, marital status), (2) mother 
tongue, (3) households and families, (4) housing, 

(5) education, (6) labour force activity and 

(7) mobility. The bulletins will provide background 
information on the relevant variable, i.e. historical 
comparability in concepts or definitions, procedures 
used to collect and process the data. Major findings 
of the evaluation study will be highlighted along with 
the fundamental measures of data quality. They will 
be released in the period September 1979 to March 
1980. 



The Administrative Report 

Every Census since 1931 has produced an Adminis- 
trative Report and the 1976 Census will be no ex- 
ception. It describes all facets of the Census from its 
very early planning to its legal obligations. A major 
format change from previous censuses has been 
introduced. The Report will appear in four parts, so 
that information can be made available as currently 
as possible. 

Part 1 will describe the 1976 Census Public- 

ity campaign, the public relations 
programme, and the Field collection 
procedures. 

Part 2 will describe the processing proce- 

dures as well as the budgetary 
details. 

Part 3 will describe in detail the tabulation 

and publication programme as well as 
the census data dissemination pro- 
gram, and an outline of the complete 
evaluation programme. 

Part 4 called a Supplement, will provide a 

reproduction of all 1976 Census 
forms, the reasons for each question 
on the questionnaire, organization 
charts and pertinent sections of the 
Statistics Act outlining the legality 
and authority for the Census. 

The first three parts of the Administrative Report will 
be published in the October 1978 to March 1979 
period while Part 4 (Supplement should be available 
by the end of 1979). 

Additional information on the 1976 Census publica- 
tion programme can be obtained from D.R. Bradley 
(613-994-5869), Census Characteristics Division, 
Statistics Canada, Ottawa K1A 0T6. 

Printed bulletins can be ordered from Publications 
Distribution, Statistics Canada, Ottawa K1A 0T6. □ 

The Book That Says It All - About Canada 

The 1978 edition of Statistics Canada's annual 
showpiece publication - The Canada Handbook - is 
now available in the bookstores. In 365 pages, the 
Handbook describes the physical environment, 
outlines recent social, cultural and economic devel- 
opments and summarizes government services. 
Information is provided by divisions of Statistics 
Canada, other government departments and outside 
authors who specialize in subject areas that govern- 
ment agencies cannot cover. Articles are superbly 
illustrated by 250 photographs, 244 of them in full 
colour. 



xl 



The 1978 Canada Handbook (Catalogue no. 11- 
203E) is available by mail from Printing and Publish- 
ing, Supply and Services Canada, and Publications 
Distribution, Statistics Canada, Ottawa K1A 0T6. 
The book will also be widely available in retail book- 
stores across the country, priced at $3.75. □ 



The Economic Value of Household Work 

Estimating the Value of Household Work in Canada, 
1971 (Catalogue no. 13-566, Price: $1.05) a study 
undertaken by Professor ON Hawrylyshyn of Queen's 
University and sponsored by Statistics Canada, is 
now available. The study describes the potential for 
measuring the economic value of household work 
and delineates the theoretical and methodological 



foundations for such evaluation. The paper contains 
various estimates for household work in 1971, and 
analyzes their statistical quality. This publication 
continues the exploration into the measurement of 
economic non-market activities begun with the report 
A Review of Recent Proposals for Modifying and 
Extending the Measure of GNP (Catalogue no. 
13-588, Price: $1.05). 

Inquiries about this publication should be addressed 
to H.J. Adler (613-992-4571), Office of the Senior 
Advisor on Integration, Statistics Canada, 
Ottawa K1A 0T6. 

Estimating the Value of Household Works in 
Canada, 1971 (Catalogue no. 13-566, Price: $1.05) 
can be obtained from Publications Distribution, 
Statistics Canada, Ottawa K1A 0T6. ■ 



xli 



Section 1 ■ Selected Economic Indicators 
Analytical Summary 

1.7 Charts 

8.11 Analytical Summary 



Selected Economic Indicators — Seasonally Adjusted 



Billions of dollars ** 



(Ratio Scale) Percentage Change 



230 




210 — - -j Current Dollars 
190 



170 



150 



130 



110 



140 
130 



Gross National Product 



12o 3 Current Dollars 



110 



100 



90 



80 



70 



4 1971 Dollars 



Personal Expenditure on Consumer Goods and Services 




34 
30 
26 

22 



6 1971 Dollars 



Business Gross Fixed Capital Formation 



Implicit Price Indexes, 1971 = 100 

190 



170 



150 




7 Gross National Expenditure 




140 



190 



170 



150 



8 Personal Expenditure on Consumer Goods and Services 



9 Business Gross Fixed Capital Formation 
1976 1977 

At Annual Rates 



1978 








■ 



Implicit Price Indexes, 1971=100 

6 




1976 



1977 



1978 



Selected Economic Indicators — Seasonally Adjusted 

Real Domestic Product by Industry, Volume Indexes, Quarterly, 1971=100 



Indexes 1971=100 
150 



(Ratio Scale) 



Percentage Change 




110 



6 Index of Industrial Production (Monthly) 



Canadian Balance of International Payments 

Millions of Dollars. Quarterly 




-200 



(Arithmetic Scale) 



-400 
-600 
-800 
-1,000 
-1,200 
-1,400 
-1 ,600 
-1,800 























/ 


/ 


/ - 


^ / 




y 


v / 






^/ 

















9 Current Account Balance 

1976 1977 



-9 



-3 



-6 





Percentage Change 
12 



12 
9 







































7 Current Receipts 







































1978 



8 Current Payments 
1976 



1977 



1978 



Selected Economic Indicators — Seasonally Adjusted 



Millions of Dollars 
13,000 



11,000 



(Ratio Scale) 



9,000 



7,000 




Percentage Change 
6 



1 Total Labour Income 
Wages and Salaries 

2,400 
2,200 
2,000 
1,800 
1,600 

1,000 




1.800 



5 Services 



Labour Force Survey 

Thousands of Persons 



1 1 ,000 ■ 
9,000 

10,000 
8,000 • 



6 Labour Force 



7 Employed 



1,000 



800 



600 



9 Unemployment Rate 
1976 




-3 












^i 




JBU- 


■h ^ 111 - 




1 M 

1 — L 





Labour Force Survey 

Percentage Change 



3 1 . 

3 = 1 



1977 



1978 



1976 



1977 



1978 



Selected Economic Indicators — Seasonally Adjusted 



Employment Indexes, 1961=100 

Indexes 1961=100 

155 



150 
145 
140 • 
135 ■ 
130- 

135- 

130- 
125 ■ 

120 - 
115- 



1 Industrial Composite 



2 Manufacturing 



3 Construction 



185 
175 
165 - 
155 



4 Trade 



5 Services 
Dollars per Hours 

7.6 




(Ratio Scale) 





6 Average Hourly Earnings in Manufacturing 



Hours 
44- 



42 — 



40 



38 — 



36 



7 Average Weekly Hours in Manufacturing 
1976 1977 



Percentage Change 







-2 



-2 


































* 



i 













1 






0_ _ 












1 






1 







2 









- 



- 



- 



1978 



1976 



1977 



1978 



Selected Economic Indicators — Seasonally Adjused 



Ratio 
2.4 



(Ratio Scale) 



1.6 



1 Ratio of Manufacturing Inventories Owned to Shipments 
Thousands of Units 
130 




2 New Passenger Car Sales 
Millions of Dollars 
1.400 



1.200 



1,000 



800 




3 Value of Building Permits 
Thousands of Units 
300 



260 



220 



180 



140 




4 New Dwelling Units Started (Centres of 10,000 and Over) 



• Value ol Retail Trade 

Millions of Dollars 
7,000 




3,000 



4,500 
4,000 
3,500 
3,000 



2.500 



8 Merchandise Exports (Including Re-Exports) 




9 Merchandise Imports 
1976 




20- 



-20- 



40 



20 



-20 



E55S a^ 











































™33 8 



20 



-20 



*J^ 



20 



0— **- 



-20 




X 




1977 



1978 



1976 



1977 



1978 



Selected Economic Indicators 



Millions of Tons 



(Adjusted for Seasonality) (Ratio Scale) Percentage Change 

- 9 



(Adjusted for Seasonality) 




1 Rail Revenue Freight Loaded 
Millions of Dollars 

11 




2 Three-Month Treasury Bill Yield 



12 
10 



3 Govt, of Canada Average Bond Yield (10 Years and Over) 



Billions of Dollars 
28 




6- 
3- 
rjl 
-3- 




4 Consumer Credit (Total Monthly Reporters) 



Indexes 








(Not Adjusted lor Seasonality) 



























Price Indexes 



Indexes 1971=100 
200 



(Not Adjusted lor Seasonality) 




5 Consumer Price Index, Total 



200 
160 

120 



6 Total Ex Food 




140 



7 Food 




8 Index of Industrial Common Stock Prices 



220 
180 
140- 



9 Industry Selling Price Index (Gross Weighted Total) 

1976 1977 1978 



6- 
3 
0' 
-3 



12 

9 

6 

3 


-3 
-6 
-9 
-12 

6- 

3- 
J 
-3- 




J 




1 


■ i 1 




L. . IJ* 




=5^ p 


r 









1976 



1977 



1978 



Section 1 




















J 


uly 1978 


Selected 


economic 


indicators 


-analytical summary 1 




















Personal expenditure 






Implicit price indexes 












Personal 












on consumer goods 


Total gross 


Gross 


expend- 




Real domestic 


product 


Years. 


Gross national 


product 


and services 


fixed capital 


formation 


national 


iture on 


Total 


indexes 




quarters 














expenditure 


consumer 


gross fixed 






and 


Current 


1971 


Current 


1971 


Current 


1971 


1971 


goods and 


capital 




Manu- 


months 


dollars 


dollars 


dollars 


dollars 


dollars 


dollars 


dollars 


services 


formation 


Total 


facturing 


Section 
























Table 


S3/T1.1 


S3/T1 3 


S3/T1.2 


S3/T1.3 


S3/T1 2 


S3/T1.3 


S3/T1.8 


S3/T1 8 


S3/T1 8 


S3/T2.1 


S3 T2.1 




( 




$000,000 






) 


( 


1971 = 100 


) 


( 1961/71 = 


100 ) 


1961 


39,646 


54,741 


25,930 


33,761 


8,392 


11,748 


72.4 


76.8 


71 4 


100.0 


100.0 


1962 


42,927 


58,475 


27,452 


35,272 


8,885 


12,278 


73.4 


77.8 


72.4 


107.0 


109.1 


1963 


45,978 


61,487 


29,225 


36,992 


9,556 


12,841 


74.8 


79.0 


74.4 


112.9 


116.5 


1964 


50,280 


65,610 


31,389 


39,218 


11,205 


14,549 


76.6 


80.0 


77.0 


120 6 


127.6 


1965 


55,364 


69,981 


33,947 


41,606 


13,179 


16,259 


79.1 


81.6 


81.1 


129.4 


139.2 


1966 


61,828 


74,844 


36,890 


43,778 


15,361 


18,015 


82.6 


84.3 


85.3 


138.2 


149.8 


1967 


66,409 


77,344 


39,972 


45,863 


15,628 


17,942 


859 


87.2 


87.1 


143.0 


154.2 


1968 


72,586 


81,864 


43,704 


48,138 


15,754 


17.964 


88.7 


908 


87.7 


151.0 


163.6 


1969 


79,815 


86,225 


47,492 


50,353 


17,232 


18,850 


92.6 


943 


91.4 


160.3 


175.9 


1970 


85,685 


88,390 


50,327 


51,526 


18.015 


18.904 


96.9 


97.7 


95.3 


1640 


173.6 


1971 


94,450 


94,450 


55,616 


55,616 


20.800 


20.800 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


1972 


105,234 


100,248 


62,208 


59,841 


23.051 


21,955 


105.0 


104 


1050 


105.5 


106.9 


1973 


123,560 


107,812 


71,278 


63,879 


27,848 


24,384 


114.6 


111.6 


114.2 


113.0 


116.1 


1974 


147,175 


1 1 1 ,766 


83,441 


67,357 


34,260 


25,732 


131.7 


123.9 


133.1 


117.6 


120.1 


1975 


165,445 


112,955 


97,016 


70,784 


40,120 


26.744 


146.5 


137.1 


150.0 


118.7 


114.2 


1976 


190,027 


118,484 


110,543 


75,105 


44.309 


26.949 


160.4 


147.2 


164.4 


124 2 


120.0 


1977 




















127 8 


123.7 



Percentage change from previous quarter 



1976-2 


4.3a 


1.1a 


4.4a 


27a 


42a 


2.3a 


3.2 


1.7a 


1.7a 


12 


2.2 


3 


0.9r 


-0.4a 


2.1a 


0.5a 


-2.2a 


-4.0a 


1.4a 


1.6a 


1.9a 


0.2 


-0.6 


4 


2.6a 


0.6a 


3.2a 


1.9a 


2.1a 


0.9a 


2.0a 


1.2a 


1.2a 


10 


-0.3 


1977-1 


2.4a 


1.3a 


2.4a 


0.4a 


3.2a 


1 4a 


1.0 


2 1 


1.8a 


1.0 


2.2 


2 


2.5a 


0.3a 


1.8a 


-0.5a 


2.6a 


0.2a 


2.2a 


2.3 


2.5a 


02 


1.0 


3 


2.1r 


0.3a 


23a 


0.6a 


2.7a 


0.4a 


1.8a 


1.8a 


2.2a 


0.4 


00 


4 


2.4a 


1.5a 


2.7a 


0.8a 


-1.1a 


-2.5a 


0.9a 


1.9a 


1.4a 


0.8 


0.5 



1978-1 



2.3 



0.7 



30 



1.2 



04 



-19 



16 



1.7 



2.4 



0.7a 



03 



llnformation in this Section is selected from the sections and tables of the Review; for example. Section 3. Table 1 1 is identified as S3 T1.1. 

•Actual data 

Note: Percentage changes are based on seasonally adjusted data unless otherwise indicated Monthly and quarterly series and their CANSIM identifiers appear in Sections and 

Tables identified at the head of the data columns. 



July 1978 

Selected economic indicators-analytical summary 



Section 1 /Continued 



Balance ot international payments 





















Wages and 


salaries 




Years, 


Real domestic nrnduct indexes 




Total 


Totaf 


Current 


Total 










quarters 








Industrial 
production 


current 
receipts 


current 
payments 


account 
balance 


labour 
income 


Manu- 
facturing 


Con- 
struction 


Trade 


Services 


and 


Construction 


Trade 


Services 


months 


























Section/ 


S3/T2.1 


S3/T2 1 


S3/T2. 1 


S3/T2.2 


S3/T4.1 


S3/T4.1 


S3/T4.1 


S4/T2 


S4/T2 


S4/T2 


S4/T2 


S4/T2 


Table 


( 


1961/71= 


= 100 


) 


( 






$000,000 






) 




100 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


7,904 


8,832 


-928 


20,399.4 


5,828.8 


1,493.4 


2,754.0 


3.424.4 


1961 


105.0 


106.5 


106.2 


108.5 


8,548 


9,378 


-830 


21,815.6 


6,232.1 


1,613.6 


2,9704 


3,758.2 


1962 


107.1 


111.8 


113.2 


115.4 


9,416 


9,937 


-521 


23.262.4 


6,640.1 


1,693.4 


3.184.1 


4,098.9 


1963 


116.4 


120.3 


121.5 


126.0 


10.887 


11,311 


-424 


25,366.6 


7,238.9 


1,890.3 


3,430.5 


4,567.2 


1964 


128.7 


130.2 


130 4 


136.7 


11,648 


12,778 


-1.130 


28,201.4 


7,997.4 


2,262.1 


3,738.9 


5.138.3 


1965 


139.7 


138.2 


140.4 


146.8 


13,600 


14,762 


-1,162 


31,877.9 


8,889.8 


2,686.3 


4,098.3 


5,909.2 


1966 


137.6 


144.2 


152.4 


152.5 


15,303 


1 5,802 


-499 


35,303.2 


9,530.1 


2,833.1 


4,493.1 


6,973.2 


1967 


142.2 


150.0 


160.4 


162.3 


17,464 


17,561 


-97 


38,444.4 


10,157.1 


2,899.4 


4,914.0 


7,918 3 


1968 


146.1 


158.0 


171.4 


173.4 


19,425 


20.342 


-917 


43,064.5 


11,088.2 


3,243.2 


5,549.7 


9,220.6 


1969 


143.5 


160.5 


178.7 


175.9 


21,932 


20,826 


1,106 


46,705.8 


11,588.8 


3,435.9 


6,053.6 


10,388.7 


1970 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


23,051 


22,620 


431 


51,528.1 


12,293.4 


4,2149 


6,561.9 


11,575.9 


1971 


102.3 


108.9 


105.3 


107.2 


25,483 


25,869 


-386 


57,570.0 


13,580.9 


4,580.9 


7,413.5 


12,902.7 


1972 


107 3 


117.6 


110.5 


116.8 


31,776 


31,668 


108 


66,757.2 


15,527.8 


5,611.4 


8,523.7 


14,741.7 


1973 


112.1 


125.5 


115.9 


120.5 


40,352 


41,812 


-1,460 


80,085.4 


18,124.6 


6,730.3 


10,193.1 


17,622.3 


1974 


116.3 


125.9 


122.0 


114.8 


41,840 


46,597 


-4,757 


93,561.7 


19,932.7 


8,121.0 


11.985.6 


21,087.7 


1975 


116.6 


133.1 


127.7 


120.5 


47,171 


50,972 


-3,801 












1976 


113.5 


134.4 


132.4 


124 6 


54,181 


58,331 


-4,150 












1977 


Percentage 


change trom previous quarter 






(*) 
-1,043 














-1.2 


1.5 


1.1 


1.8 


43 


2.9 


50r 


40 


-1.6/ 


2.7 


10.6V 


2-1976 


-6.5 


05 


1.2 


-03 


3.0 


0.2 


-721 


1.0r 


1.3r 


-7.9r 


I.Br 


-1.7a 


3 


2.9 


1.1 


1.4 


0.7 


0.3 


1.5 


-874 


5.4r 


2.2a 


1 13/- 


3.7a 


9.4a 


4 


0.3 


0.3 


0.5 


2.1 


90 


7.9 


-816 


0.9 


2.7a 


1.6a 


07r 


-1.0/ 


1-1977 


-0.4 


-1.9 


08 


0.3 


07 


3.7 


-1,238 


2.8r 


2.2r 


4.5a 


0.7a 


3.4a 


2 


-2.3 


1.1 


0.6 


0.0 


1.4 


17 


-1,293 


2.8r 


2.5a 


1.3r 


1.6r 


4.0a 


3 


-0.7 


1.0 


17 


0.8 


5.3 


1.5 


-803 


1.9a 


1.6a 


0.5a 


2.0 


1.8/ 


4 



-2.5r 1.8/ 1.2 0.4 

Percentage change trom previous month 



5.0 



3.6 



-637 



1.3r 



22a 



-6.7a 



2.7a 



1.0r 



1-1978 



0.7 

1.4 

-1.6 

-0.3 

1.2 

-0.5 

-0.2 

1.2 

0.6 

16 

-0.5 
0.2 

-0.3 
0.6 
0.7 

-1.1 
0.8 

-0.4 
0.2 
0.6 
0.4 

-1.1 

18 

-0.1 

-0.2 



0.9a 


0.8a 


-1.4a 


1.5a 


0.1/ 


A- 1976 


3.7a 


0.6a 


-0.4a 


-0.6a 


14.4a 


M 


0.6a 


0.7a 


2.4a 


0.8r 


-1.6a 


J 


1.0a 


0.8a 


-5.9a 


0.9r 


-6.4a 


J 


0.3a 


-0.3a 


-0.9a 


0.6a 


1.9a 


A 


0.7a 


0.1a 


-8.7a 


0.4r 


1.4a 


S 


3.2/ 


-0.2a 


10.6a 


1.2a 


9.4a 


O 


0.0a 


2.5a 


8.2a 


1.6a 


-6.1a 


N 


4.7a 


2.5a 


5.3a 


2.5r 


7.9a 


D 


-3.4/ 


-09a 


-5.6a 


-1.9r 


-4.8a 


J- 1977 


1.2a 


1.3a 


0.9a 


0.8/ 


0.8a 


F 


1.6a 


0.9a 


2.7a 


-0.1a 


1.4a 


M 


0.4a 


0.2a 


1.2a 


0.3r 


1.1a 


A 


0.6a 


0.8a 


1.5a 


0.1/ 


0.4a 


M 


1.7a 


1.6a 


0.7a 


0.5r 


2.4a 


J 


0.9a 


0.8a 


0.0a 


0.0a 


1.8r 


J 


0.5a 


0.3a 


0.8a 


1 6a 


0.6a 


A 


0.7a 


0.4a 


-0.4a 


0.3a 


0.2a 


S 


0.5a 


0.6a 


02a 


0.6a 


0.5a 


O 


0.4a 


0.7a 


-1.9a 


-0.3a 


0.8a 


N 


1.4a 


0.3a 


4.6a 


2.8a 


1.3a 


D 


-0.7a 


0.0a 


-9.2a 


00a 


-1.3a 


J- 1978 


1.2a 


2.4a 


1.3a 


1.0a 


1.1a 


F 


0.6a 


0.6a 


-1.5a 


0.9a 


1.4a 


M 


0.7 


0.5 


2.5 


0.0 


0.8 


A 



Section 1 /Continued 

Selected economic indicators-analytical summary 



July 1978 



Years 
quarters 
and 
months 



Labour force 



Employment indexes 



Total Employed 



Unem- 
ployed 



Unem- Industrial 
ployment corn- 

rate posite 



Manu- Con- 

lacturing struction 







Ratio of 






New 






manu- 






dwelling 


Average 


Average 


facturing 






units 


hourly 


weekly 


inven- 


New 




started 


earnings 


hours 


tories 


passen- 




(centres 


in 


in 


owned 


ger 


Building 


of 10.000 


manu- 


manu- 


to ship- 


car 


permits 


and 



Trade Services factunng factunng 



over) 



Section/ 
Table 



S4/T3 



S4/T3 



S4/T3 



S4/T3 S4/T10 S4/T10 S4/T10 S4/T10 S4/T10 S4/T16 S4/T17 



S6/T1 S6/T16 



S8/T6 





( 


OOO's of 


persons 


) 


( 




1961 = 100 




) 


$ 






units 


$000,000 




1961 










100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


99.9 


100 


1.83 


40.6 


2.22 


437,319 


2,244.3 


92,741 


1962 










102.2 


103.8 


101.1 


101.2 


101.6 


1.88 


40.7 


2.15 


502,565 


2.516.6 


102,008 


1963 










104.3 


106.2 


100.0 


103.5 


105 9 


1.95 


40.8 


2.06 


557,787 


2.8232 


118.512 


1964 










108.2 


111.1 


104.1 


108.1 


114.6 


2.02 


41.0 


2.00 


616,759 


3,267.6 


133,562 


1965 










114.3 


117.2 


117.5 


114.3 


125.9 


2.12 


41.0 


2.01 


708,716 


3,809.6 


135.218 


1966 










120.7 


123.5 


128.8 


122.1 


139.1 


2.25 


40.8 


2.05 


694,820 


3,715.1 


108,329 


1967 










122.6 


123.2 


122.2 


125.8 


153.1 


2.40 


40.3 


2.14 


679,435 


4,067.8 


131,858 


1968 










122.7 


122.1 


119.6 


129.4 


157.4 


2.58 


40.3 


200 


741,915 


4.775.7 


162,267 


1969 










127.0 


125.2 


119.1 


136.5 


171.8 


2.79 


40.0 


1.98 


760.803 


4,895.6 


169,739 


1970 


8,396 


7,919 


< 476 


5.7 


127.1 


122.8 


113.9 


139.2 


178.5 


3.01 


39.7 


2 .13 


640,360 


4,7002 


150,999 


1971 


8,643 


8,107 


536 


6.2 


127.8 


121.6 


115.5 


140.3 


186.4 


3.28 


397 


1 98 


780,762 


5,730.1 


180,948 


1972 


8,918 


8,363 


555 


6.2 


129.9 


123.7 


109.3 


146.2 


193.5 


3.54 


400 


1 88 


858,959 


6,4636 


206,954 


1973 


9,321 


8,802 


519 


5.6 


135.9 


129.9 


109.9 


155.3 


206.1 


3.85 


396 


1.81 


970.828 


8,558.9 


211.543 


1974 


9.704 


9,185 


519 


5.3 


142.8 


133.8 


117.1 


165.7 


2240 


4.37 


389 


1 92 


942,797 


9,280.1 


169,437 


1975 


10,060 


9,363 


697 


6.9 


141.1 


126.3 


117.1 


1685 


231 9 


5.06 


38.6 


2 12 


989,280 


10,598.0 


181,846 


1976 


10,308 


9,572 


736 


7.1 


144.1 


128.1 


113.8 


172.2 


2428 


5.76 


38.7 


2.00 


946,488 


12,199.3 


209,762 


1977 


10,616 


9,754 


862 


8.1 


144.3 


126.3 


110.9 


169 6 


250.1 


6.38 


38.7 




991,398 


12,419.8 


200,201 


Percent 


age change from 


previous quarter 
















i*\ 








1976-3 


0.8 


0.7 


2.7 


1.9 


-02 


0.0 


-86 


-0.5 


0.7 


25 


00 


2.01 


-10.4 


-7.8 


-7.5 


4 


00 


-0.2 


30 


2.3 


0.1 


-09 


3.9 


-02 


07 


2.2 


07 


2.03 


15.6 


5.1 


5.1 


1977-1 


1.3 


0.8 


7.3 


63 


0.0 


-06 


02 


00 


0.5 


3.2 


-0 7 


1 96 


5.5 


-03 


-8.2 


2 


0.8 


0.6 


3.1 


2.1 


0.1 


0.1 


0.2 


-0.9 


0.5 


24 


0.0 


1.96 


-9.7 


3.1 


26 


3 


0.9 


0.7 


3.1 


2.5 


0.3 


03 


-2.8 


-0.1 


1.2 


24 


04 


1.94 


0.7 


-25 


47 


4 


0.6 


0.4 


2.5 


2.0 


-04 


-08 


-0.8 


-08 


1.5 


1.6 


0.3 


1.94 


-1.7 


5.1 


1.6 


1978-1 


0.9 


09 


1.1 


0.0 


04 


on 


-4.2r 


1.3 


1.2r 


1.7r 


-1.2r 


1 94 


5.7 


-7.0r 


21.2 


2 


1.2 


1.0 


3.6 


2.4 


0.4 























Percentage change from previous month 



1976-M 


-0.6 


-0.5 


-1.7 


0.0 


-0.3 


-0.1 


-15 


-04 


-0.2 


1.4 


-0.2 


1 95 


-4.6 


-53 


5.8 


J 


0.4 


04 


0.4 


00 


-0.2 


-1.0 


1.5 


-0.2 


0.5 


1.1 


0.3 


1 98 


23 


13.5 


-2.1 


J 


0.8 


0.5 


44 


2.8 


0.3 


0.9 


-5.7 


-0 1 


20 


05 


00 


206 


-4.4 


-5.3 


-3.1 


A 


0.0 


1 


-2.1 


-1.3 


-0 1 


02 


-20 


0.1 


-28 


0.9 


0.0 


1.93 


1 


-12.7 


-132 


S 


00 


0.0 


0.1 


0.0 


-0.2 


-0.9 


-6.6 


-0.3 


1.4 


0.7 


-0.5 


203 


-18.5 


-1.1 


136 


O 


0.0 


-0.2 


36 


28 


0.1 


-0.4 


7.2 


0.0 


0.1 


02 


00 


208 


369 


9.8 


-15.2 


N 


0.0 


0.1 


-1.2 


-1.3 


03 


02 


2.3 


0.1 


08 


1.5 


0.5 


203 


-10.6 


4.7 


36.3 


D 


0.1 


00 


2.6 


2.7 


0.1 


-0.1 


2.2 


00 


0.4 


0.7 


2 1 


1 98 


146 


-56 


-98 


1977-J 


0.7 


0.7 


0.8 


0.0 


-02 


-03 


-1.7 


0.1 


-06 


1.3 


-25 


1.97 


0.9 


-27 


-40 


F 


0.5 


0.1 


6.2 


6.7 


0.0 


-03 


00 


04 


0.5 


1.1 


0.5 


1.98 


-0.4 


1.7 


-4.2 


M 


0.4 


02 


28 


1.2 


0.0 


00 


-0.4 


-1.0 


0.6 


0.3 


-0.2 


1.94 


-1.2 


11.3 


-12.7 


A 


0.2 


0.1 


1.2 


1.2 


0.1 


-0.3 


1.1 


-0.2 


0.5 


0.8 


-02 


1 98 


-8.4 


-6.0 


13.3 


M 


0.4 


0.7 


-3.2 


-3.6 


1 


1.0 


-1.0 


0.1 


-0.8 


1.3 


-02 


1 96 


1.6 


-0.2 


13 


J 


0.0 


-0 1 


1.0 


13 


0.1 


-0.3 


0.5 


-03 


-0.1 


0.5 


1.0 


1.93 


-44 


5.8 


0.0 


J 


0.3 


0.2 


2.1 


2.5 


0.0 


0.3 


-2 1 


-0.3 


07 


0.8 


-02 


1 93 


4.6 


-11.5 


3 1 


A 


05 


0.4 


1.7 


00 


0.3 


1 


-03 


06 


0.9 


0.5 


05 


1.97 


04 


54 


2.5 


S 


0.3 


02 


0,7 


1.2 


0.0 


-0.4 


-1.5 


-0.0 


0.8 


1.7 


-0.7 


1 94 


-4 6 


7 5 


-18 


O 


0.1 


0.1 


0.0 


00 


-0.2 


-05 


0.0 


-09 


0.1 


-0.4 


03 


1.91 


3.8 


-10 


-10.8 


N 


0.1 


0.0 


1.8 


1.2 


-0.2 


0.1 


00 


-0.2 


1.1 


0.9 


-02 


1.99 


-0.7 


10 6 


130 


D 


02 


0.1 


09 


1.2 


00 


-0.2 


09 


02 


-0.6 


06 


1.6 


1.91 


-6.0 


68 


15.2 


1978-J 


00 


0.2 


-2.1 


-2.3 


02 


0.1 


-4 1 


1.0 


04 


0.2 


-3.3 


1.92 


4.7 


-103 


8 1 


F 


0.7 


0.7 


1.1 


00 


06 


0.2r 


-0.3 


0.5 


1.3r 


09 


24r 


1 93^ 


11.7 


-7.1 


-13 


M 


08 


0.5 


4.1 


3.6 


O.Or 


0.2r 


-1.6f 


00 


O.Of 


0.7 r 


-1.2 


1 92 


-60 


3.1f 


-1.7 


A 


0.1 


0.1 


-0.3 


00 


-0.2 


-04 


09 


-0.2 


-0.1 


-0.1 


1.3 




-04 


9.1 


-33.8 


M 


04 


03 


1.5 


0.0 


















-1.6 




-53 


J 


0.4 


0.5 


-05 


00 
























*Actual data 
Note Pernenta 


ae nhanc 


es are has 


Gd on seas 


nnallu ariiu 


steri data i 


nless other 


.vim' inritca 


eri Monthl 


i and Quart 


erlv series 


and their C 


-ANSIM ide 


nfifiers Ann 


sAr in £»rli 


nn< Anil 



Tables identified at the head of the data columns 



10 



July 1978 

Selected economic indicators-analytical summary 



Section 1 /Concluded 





of retail trade 


Mer- 
chandise 
exports 
(including 
re- 
exports) 


Mer- 
chandise 
imports 


Rail 

revenue 

freight 

loaded 


Three, 

month 

treasury 

bill 

yield 


Govt of 

Canada 

average 

bond 

yield 

10 years 

and over 


Consumer 
credit, 
end of 
period 
(total 
monthly 
re- 
porters) 




Not seasonally adjusted 






Value 


Consumer price index 

Total 
Total ex food Food 


Index of 

industrial 

common 

stocks 


Gross 

weighted 

industrial 

selling 

price 

index 


Years 


Total 


Total 

ex motor 
vehicles 


Motor 
vehicles 
dealers 


quarters 

and 

months 


S10/T1 


S10/T1 


S10/T1 


S11/T1 


S11/T2 


S12/T1 


S13/T9 


S13/T9 


S10/T6 


S5/T4 


S5/T4 S5/T4 


S13/T8 


S5/T1 


Section/ 
Table 







$000,000 




) 


000 tons 


% 


% 


$000,000 ( 




1971 


= 100 




) 




16,073 




2,599 


5.902.6 


5,768.6 


130,448 


2.83 


5.05 


3,336 


75.0 


74.6 


76.1 


68.0 




1961 


17,137 




2,957 


6,347.7 


6,257.8 


135,028 


4.01 


5.11 


3,694 


75.9 


75.3 


77.5 


656 




1962 


18,207 




3,312 


6.980.1 


6,558.1 


147.761 


3.57 


5.09 


4,153 


77.2 


76.2 


800 


70.3 




1963 


19.493 




3,612 


8.303.2 


7,487.8 


174,069 


3.74 


5.18 


4,832 


78.6 


77.6 


81.3 


85.5 




1964 


21,155 




4,175 


8,766.8 


8,633.2 


179,867 


3.97 


5.21 


5,584 


80.5 


795 


83.4 


950 




1965 


22,686 


18,349 


4,338 


10,325 4 


10,071.9 


188,672 


5.00 


5.69 


6,043 


83.5 


81.7 


88.7 


90.3 




1966 


24,155 


19,722 


4,433 


11,419.9 


10,872 6 


185,927 


4.59 


5.94 


6,668 


86.5 


853 


899 


95.4 




1967 


25,711 


20,997 


4,714 


13,624.0 


12,358.1 


192,458 


6.24 


6.75 


7,685 


90.0 


890 


92.8 


97.7 




1968 


27,401 


22,605 


4,796 


14.871.1 


14,130.4 


183,270 


7.14 


7.58 


8,743 


94.1 


93.1 


96.7 


107.2 




1969 


28,034 


23,837 


4,197 


1 6.820. 1 


13,951.9 


207,211 


6.12 


791 


9,163 


972 


966 


989 


98.9 




1970 


30,648 


25,722 


4,925 


17,818.2 


15,617.0 


213,120 


3.62 


6.95 


9,866 


100 


100 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


1971 


34.106 


27,866 


6.240 


20,149.8 


18,669.3 


213,851 


3.55 


723 


11,625 


1048 


103.7 


107.6 


118 8 


104.4 


1972 


38,335 


30,913 


7,422 


25,420.6 


23,325.4 


240.575 


5.39 


7.56 


13,854 


112.7 


108 9 


123.3 


134.1 


116.1 


1973 


44,751 


35,448 


8,303 


32,442.5 


31,722.1 


244,748 


7.78 


890 


16.207 


125.0 


118 6 


143.4 


111.6 


138.1 


1974 


51,399 


41,216 


10,184 


33,328.3 


34,715.7 


228,704 


7.36 


9.03 


18,918 


1385 


130.5 


161.9 


104 2 


153.7 


1975 


57,167 


46,109 


11,058 


38,3966 


37,444.4 


241,262 


8.89 


9.18 


22.142 


1489 


142.8 


166.2 


108.5 


161.6 


1976 


61,651 


49,902 


11,750 






251,112 


7.35 


870 


24.799 


160 8 


154 


180.1 


97.2 


174.0 


1977 


Brcentac 


je chang 


e from previous quarter 




i*l 


l*\ 
















0.9 


1.1 


-0.2 


3.8/ 


0.7r 


5.8 


l ) 
904 


926 


4.5 


1.5 


20 


03 


-4.1 


1.1 


3-1976 


2.4 


2.0 


3.9 


-1.2/ 


0.4/ 


-2.4 


8.79 


8.79 


4.1 


1.5 


22 


-0.6 


-10.3 


1.0 


4 


2.5 


2.5 


2.7 


119/ 


8.0/ 


29 


779 


8.66 


3.8 


2.1 


1.8 


3.0 


29 


3.0 


1-1977 


0.0 


0.8 


-3.5 


-0.6/ 


4.4r 


2.4 


7.29 


8.78 


2.5 


24 


1.9 


3.7 


-2.0 


26 


2 


3.1 


2.9 


3.9 


2.3/ 


-0.1 / 


-07 


7.12 


8 63 


2.4 


2.2 


1.5 


38 


-24 


1.2 


3 


2.8 


3.3 


0.8 


3.8/ 


0.8/ 


-3.7 


7.21 


8.74 


2.8 


22 


1.9 


28 


-54 


1.2 


4 


3.2 


3.5 


2.3 


8.7/ 


3.7/ 


28 


7.33 
8.18 


9 13 
923 


3.4 


1.8 
2.4 


1.4 
1.1 


3.1 
59 


0.2 
8.9 


2.4/ 


1-1978 
2 



Percentage change from previous month 



-1.2 


-0.6 


-3.5 


1.2/ 


-1.4/ 


2.0 


894 


932 


1.3 


0.8 


0.6 


1.5 


1.1 


0.6 


M-1976 


3.1 


2.7 


4.7 


4.7/ 


4.3/ 


-03 


8.99 


9.35 


1.7 


0.5 


0.5 


0.2 


-1.8 


0.4 


J 


-0.9 


-0.8 


-1.2 


-2.4/ 


-2.2/ 


4.1 


9.02 


9.37 


1.3 


0.4 


0.6 


0.3 


-1.8 


0.2 


J 


00 


-0.4 


1.2 


4.2/ 


0.3/ 


1.7 


9 12 


9.24 


1.6 


0.5 


0.8 


-0.5 


-17 


0.2 


A 


0.7 


2.1 


-4.8 


0.1/ 


1.4r 


0.2 


8.97 


9.16 


1.4 


0.5 


1.0 


-06 


-1.2 


0.7 


S 


1.8 


1.0 


4.9 


-3.2/ 


-7.1/ 


-1.6 


9.07 


9 09 


1.3 


0.7 


0.8 


0.0 


-60 


0.0 


O 


-1.1 


-1.4 


-0.1 


-3.0/ 


9.1r 


-20 


8.88 


882 


1.2 


0.3 


0.5 


-0.2 


-4.4 


0.1 


N 


2.8 


1.9 


6.4 


8.2/ 


2.8/ 


-0.3 


8.41 


8.47 


1.1 


0.3 


0.3 


0.4 


-0.8 


1.2 


D 


0.8 


1.4 


-1.2 


1.7/ 


-0.9/ 


1.4 


8.08 


8.52 


1.4 


0.9 


0.7 


1.2 


3.7 


1.1 


J- 1977 


-0.3 


0.0 


-1.5 


1.2/ 


4.0/ 


2.2 


7.67 


8.62 


1.2 


0.9 


0.5 


2.0 


1.0 


0.7 


F 


1.3 


0.9 


2.8 


14.0r 


4.1 / 


2.9 


7.61 


883 


1.1 


1.0 


1.0 


0.9 


1.9 


1.4 


M 


-0.7 


0.0 


-4.2 


-6.2/ 


2.0/ 


0.2 


7.55 


885 


0.7 


0.6 


0.5 


1.0 


-1.4 


1.0 


A 


0.0 


0.1 


-0.5 


-5.3/ 


-2.1 / 


-1.2 


7.26 


8.77 


05 


0.8 


0.5 


1.4 


-2.7 


0.6 


M 


0.1 


0.2 


-0.3 


1.5/ 


-0.5/ 


1.4 


7.07 


8.72 


08 


0.7 


0.6 


1.1 


-09 


0.1 


J 


09 


1.2 


-0.5 


6.1/ 


0.8/ 


-06 


7.12 


8.70 


0.8 


0.9 


0.4 


2.1 


1.9 


0.7 


J 


3.2 


2.4 


6.8 


-0.7/ 


1.0/ 


-0.2 


7.16 


8.57 


08 


0.4 


0.5 


0.5 


-2.1 


0.3 


A 


0.1 


-0.1 


1.1 


-6.5/ 


-1.5/ 


-1.0 


7.09 


8.61 


1.1 


0.6 


0.7 


0.2 


-4.3 


0.3 


S 


0.7 


1.0 


-0.7 


14.4r 


3.7/ 


0.0 


7.19 


8.70 


0.5 


1.0 


0.8 


1.4 


-2.5 


0.4 


O 


1.7 


2.1 


0.0 


-10.9/ 


-1.7/ 


-5.5 


7.25 


8.74 


1.2 


0.7 


0.6 


0.8 


-1.1 


0.4 


N 


-0.3 


0.4 


-3.8 


8.6/ 


-2.7/ 


2.1 


7.18 


8.77 


1.3 


0.7 


0.3 


1.6 


4.3 


0.3 


D 


10 


1.0 


1.0 


1.0/ 


2.6/ 


60 


7.14 


906 


0.9 


0.4 


0.2 


0.8 


-1.9 


1.3 


J- 1978 


2.9 


2.2 


5.8 


7.8/ 


11.2/ 


0.2 


7.24 


9.15 


1.1 


0.7 


0.6 


0.7 


-1.5 


0.6/ 


F 


0.0 


-0.1 


0.1 


2.2/ 


-10.5/ 


-78 


7.62 


9.17 


1.4 


1.1 


1.1 


1.4 


2.1 


0.7/ 


M 


1.0/ 


-0.6/ 


7.8/ 


8.6/ 


31.1/ 


-8.4 


8.18 


9.22 


1.4 


0.2 


-0.3 


17 


6.1 


1.4/ 


A 


22 


3.2 


-1.9 


-13.9 


-18.2 


-8.8 


8.13 
8.24 


9 23 
9.23 




1.4 
0.9 


0.6 
0.4 


3.3 
2.0 


1.9 
1.6 


0.4 


M 
J 



11 



Section 2 ■ Population Statistics 

14 1. Population by Province 

14 2. Immigration to Canada, by Country of Last Permanent Residence 

15 3. Immigration to Canada, by Province of (Intended) Destination 

15 4. Immigration to Canada, by (Intended) Occupational Group 

16 5. Births, by Province 
16 6. Deaths, by Province 
16 7. Marriages, by Province 



13 



Section 2-Tables 1 and 2 

Table 1: Population!, by province (thousands) 



July 1978 



Year 


and 




























quarter 


Canada 


Nfld. 


P.E.I. 


N.S. 


MB 


Que. 


Onl 


Man. 


Sask 


Alia 


B.C. 


Yukon 


N.W.T. 




D 


1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


1976 


June 


22,992.6 


557.7 


118.2 


828.6 


677.3 


6,234.5 


8,264.5 


1,021.5 


921.3 


1,838.0 


2,466.6 


21.8 


42.6 


1977 


June 


23,291.1 


5625 


120.3 


835.4 


6864 


6,283.1 


8,373.5 


1,031.3 


936.5 


1,8997 


2,4976 


21.5 


43.3 


1975 


July 


22,726.9 


550.1 


117.4 


8203 


6662 


6,184.5 


8,181.9 


1,015.0 


9088 


1,782.5 


2.437.5 


21.4 


41.3 




Oct. 


22,815.7 


552.8 


117.7 


824.0 


670.8 


6,198 6 


8,211.8 


1.016.0 


913.5 


1,799 


2,4479 


21.6 


42.0 


1976 


Jan. 


22,883.9 


554.8 


118.0 


826.5 


673.8 


6,211.5 


8,2288 


1,018.2 


916.7 


1,814.4 


2,457.1 


21.8 


42.3 




Apr. 


22,946.3 


556.1 


118.0 


827.7 


675.9 


6,224.6 


8,2500 


1,020.3 


9196 


1,828.1 


2.461 8 


21 8 


42.4 




July 


23,025.4 


558.5 


118.4 


829.4 


678.2 


6,240.0 


8,278 1 


1,022.1 


922.5 


1.843.7 


2,469.8 


22.0 


42.7 




Oct. 


23,111.3 


560.0 


119.1 


832.7 


681 2 


6,255.4 


8.306.1 


1,024.4 


927.5 


1,862.3 


2,477.6 


21.9 


43.1 


1977 


Jan. 


23,179.6 


5607 


119.8 


833.9 


6835 


6,2656 


8,329.7 


1,027.1 


931 4 


1.878.0 


2,485.2 


21.7 


43.0 




Apr. 


23,242.9 


561.5 


120.1 


8345 


685.2 


6,276.1 


8,354.7 


1,029.5 


934.5 


1.890.2 


2,492.1 


21 4 


43.1 




July 


23,315.6 


563.2 


120.6 


835.7 


687.1 


6,285.1 


8,3839 


1,032.1 


937.9 


1.904.2 


2,5007 


21.6 


43.5 




Oct. 


23,388.1 


564.1 


121.3 


838.0 


6898 


6,2835 


8,417.0 


1,032.4 


941.2 


1.923.0 


2,512.1 


21.8 


43.9 


1978 


Jan. 


23,444.2 


564.8 


121.9 


839.6 


691.9 


6,280.9 


8,441.1 


1,034.7 


944.0 


1.936 2 


2,523.4 


22.0 


43.7 




Apr. 


23,497.7 


565.2 


122.2 


840.7 


693.2 


6,290.0 


8.4609 


1,036 


945.6 


1.948.0 


2.530.1 


22.1 


43.7 



'As of the first of each month Estimates from July 1, 1976 onward are preliminary and will be updated as final data on components become available For an explanation of 
population estimates methodology and data sources see catalogue 91-201 (1977 edition). 

Source: Quarterly Estimates of Population for Canada and Provinces (91-001), Annual Estimates ol Population for Canada and Provinces at June 1st (91-201), Statis- 
tics Canada. 



Table 2: Immigration to Canada, by country of last permanent residence (number) 



Year 






United 


























and 






Kingdom 






Nether- 








Other 




Austra- 


United 


West 


All 


quarter 


Total 


4 Ireland 


France 


Germany 


lands 


Greece 


Italy 


Portugal 


Europe 


Asia 


lasia 


Stales 


Indies 


other 




D 


27 


28 


29 


30 


31 


32 


33 


34 


35 


36 


37 


38 


39 


40 


1975 




187.881 


36,076 


3,891 


3.469 


1,448 


4,062 


5.078 


8.547 


10,327 


47,382 


2,174 


20.155 


17.800 


27.472 


1976 




149,429 


22,187 


3,251 


2,672 


1.359 


2,487 


4.530 


5,344 


8.078 


44.328 


1.886 


17.315 


14.723 


21.269 


1975 


1 


43.448 


9,376 


723 


684 


385 


919 


1.008 


2.672 


2.573 


10.452 


554 


3.835 


4,289 


5.978 




2 


51.459 


10,248 


1,127 


1.077 


481 


1.096 


1.371 


2.300 


2,837 


13.560 


669 


5.339 


4.229 


7.125 




3 


54,550 


9.077 


1.248 


984 


337 


1.265 


1,451 


1.911 


2.545 


14.210 


544 


7.051 


5.526 


8.401 




4 


38,424 


7,375 


793 


724 


245 


782 


1.248 


1.664 


2,372 


9.160 


407 


3.930 


3.756 


5,968 


1976 


1 


32,359 


5,402 


829 


518 


255 


534 


834 


1.071 


1.918 


8.769 


377 


3.149 


3.487 


5,216 




2 


41,376 


5,931 


834 


830 


445 


762 


1,460 


2.051 


2,251 


10.658 


589 


5.621 


3.946 


5.998 




3 


43,776 


6.102 


846 


828 


443 


722 


1,322 


1.276 


2,086 


1 4.449 


547 


5.366 


4.097 


5.692 




4 


31.918 


4.752 


742 


496 


216 


469 


914 


946 


1.823 


10.452 


373 


3.179 


3.193 


4.363 


1977 


1 


25,557 


4.159 


612 


511 


274 


461 


676 


849 


1,632 


7.027 


344 


2.747 


2.554 


3.711 




2 


32,426 


5,162 


671 


681 


437 


589 


903 


969 


1,946 


9,048 


503 


3.740 


3.236 


4.541 




3 


32,991 


4,969 


919 


640 


347 


537 


1.086 


961 


1,858 


8.949 


428 


4.096 


3.386 


4,815 




4 


23,940 


4,278 


555 


422 


189 


373 


746 


800 


1.536 


6.344 


270 


2.305 


2.624 


3.498 



Source: Quarterly Bulletin, Department of Manpower and Immigration. 



14 



July 1978 

Table 3: Immigration to Canada, by province of (intended) destination 



Section 2-Tables 3 and 4 



Year and 
























Yukon, 


quarter 


Canada 


Nfld. 


PEL 


NS 


N-B 


Que. 


Onl. 


Man. 


Sask 


Alia. 


BC 


N.WT, 


D 


74 


75 


76 


77 


78 


79 


80 


81 


82 


83 


84 


85 


1975 


187,881 


1,106 


235 


2,124 


2,093 


28,042 


98,471 


7,134 


2,837 


16,277 


29,272 


290 


1976 


149,429 


725 


235 


1.942 


1.752 


29,282 


72,031 


5,509 


2.323 


14,896 


20,484 


250 


1975 1 


43,448 


184 


63 


447 


467 


5,861 


24.014 


1,571 


593 


3,213 


6,971 


64 


2 


51,459 


269 


73 


589 


452 


8,246 


26,253 


1,958 


710 


4,606 


8,221 


82 


3 


54,550 


434 


64 


695 


666 


8,613 


27.541 


2,109 


926 


4,981 


8.455 


66 


4 


38,424 


219 


35 


393 


508 


5,322 


20,663 


1,496 


608 


3,477 


5,625 


78 


1976 1 


32.359 


177 


51 


303 


318 


6,023 


15,790 


1,236 


494 


3,051 


4,857 


59 


2 


41,376 


165 


70 


577 


699 


6,973 


20,376 


1,589 


566 


4,232 


6,058 


71 


3 


43,776 


238 


65 


659 


439 


9,560 


20,705 


1,490 


689 


4,400 


5,473 


58 


4 


31,918 


145 


49 


403 


296 


6.726 


15,160 


1,194 


574 


3,213 


4,096 


62 


1977 1 


25,557 


144 


28 


358 


362 


4,630 


12,241 


1,119 


462 


2,803 


3,381 


29 


2 


32,426 


144 


59 


437 


357 


5.429 


16,115 


1,414 


649 


3,550 


4,231 


41 


3 


32,991 


183 


49 


442 


266 


5,342 


16,240 


1,431 


702 


3,819 


4,465 


52 


4 


23,940 


112 


56 


350 


173 


3,847 


11,998 


1,094 


418 


2,522 


3,318 


52 



Source: Quarterly Bulletin, Department of Manpower and Immigration. 



Table 4: Immigration to Canada, by (intended) occupational groupi (number) 















Destined 


to the labour force 










Not destined to 


the labour 


force 






Profes- 




Commer- 




Transport 




Mining 












Students 




Year 


Total 




sional 




cial 


Service 


and 




and 












18 years 




and 


immi- 


Mana- 


and 




and fi- 


and re- 


communi- 


Agricul- 


quarry- 


Manufac- 


La- 


Sub- 






and 


Sub- 


quarter 


gration 


gerial 


technical 


Clerical 


nancial 


creation 


cation 


ture 


ing2 


turing^ 


bourers 


total" 


Wives 


Children 


over)5 


total 


D 


55 


56 


57 


58 


59 


60 


61 


62 


63 


64 


65 


66 


67 


68 


69 


70 


1975 


187,881 


5,763 


19,821 


11,803 


3,294 


7,198 


1,055 


1,511 


349 


24.696 


1,183 


81,189 


30,175 


56,722 


7,811 


106,692 


1976 


149,429 


5,655 


14,378 


9.345 


2,632 


5,774 


784 


1,162 


163 


16,578 


915 


61.461 


25.330 


42,197 


8,218 


87,968 


1975 1 


43,448 


1,319 


4,245 


2,959 


871 


1,882 


238 


390 


99 


6,422 


287 


19,877 


6,730 


12,765 


1.836 


23,571 


2 


51,459 


1,567 


5,216 


3,282 


929 


2,005 


286 


450 


104 


7,136 


318 


22,424 


8,333 


15,535 


2,009 


29,035 


3 


54,550 


1,707 


6,175 


3,165 


822 


1,855 


304 


415 


74 


6,491 


338 


22,576 


8,838 


17,170 


2,407 


31,974 


4 


38,424 


1,170 


4,185 


2,397 


672 


1,456 


227 


256 


72 


4,647 


240 


16,312 


6,274 


1 1 ,252 


1,559 


22,112 


1976 1 


32,359 


1,185 


3,419 


2,216 


585 


1,354 


184 


229 


38 


3,934 


194 


14,111 


5,248 


9,079 


1,624 


18,248 


2 


41,376 


1,489 


3,659 


2,691 


727 


1,607 


228 


396 


43 


4,670 


256 


16,875 


7,358 


11,364 


2,133 


24,501 


3 


43,776 


1,823 


4,569 


2,571 


728 


1,460 


206 


291 


37 


4,377 


262 


17,604 


7,345 


12,571 


2,732 


26,172 


4 


31,918 


1,158 


2,731 


1.867 


592 


1,353 


166 


246 


45 


3.597 


203 


12.871 


5,379 


9.183 


1,729 


19,047 


1977 1 


25,557 


1,023 


2,374 


1,593 


500 


1,087 


133 


278 


30 


3,093 


155 


10,962 


4,351 


6,793 


1,360 


14,595 


2 


32,426 


1,136 


2,830 


2,028 


604 


1,316 


137 


397 


30 


3.669 


208 


13.445 


5,636 


8,449 


1,807 


18,981 


3 


32,991 


1,238 


3,290 


1,973 


664 


1,274 


139 


312 


36 


3.226 


166 


13.344 


5,533 


9.019 


2,051 


19,647 


4 


23,940 


862 


2,299 


1,487 


464 


1,056 


94 


228 


25 


2,469 


110 


9,874 


4,051 


6,257 


1.349 


14.066 



'The occupational status of the maprity of the persons destined to the labour force is determined by immigration officials by an examination of documentary evidence provided 
by the immigrants The classification of occupations is similar to that used in the 1961 Census, see Occupational Classification Manual, Census of Canada, 1961, Catalogue 
Number 12-506. 2|ncludes logging, fishing, trapping and hunting, 3|ncludes mechanical and construction. "Includes a small number in non-specified occupations. SDoes 
not include students entering Canada on students' visas 6lncludes also retired persons, elderly dependents, fiances or fiancees and other unspecified persons not intending 
to enter the labour force. 
Source: Quarterly Bulletin, Department of Manpower and Immigration. 



15 



Section 2-Tables 5-7 

Table 5: Births,] by province (number) 



1978 1 



88,460 



2.880 



490 



2,950 



2,820 



24,690 



30,120 



3,980 



3.530 



7,590 



9.120 



July 1978 



Year 
and 
quarter 


Canada 


Nfld 


PEL 


N.S 


NB 


Que. 


Ont. 


Man. 


Sask 


Alta. 


B.C. 


Yukon 


N.W.T. 


D 


144 


145 


146 


147 


148 


149 


150 


151 


152 


153 


154 


155 


156 



1976 


364,630 


11,320 


1,900 


13,200 


12,060 


95,420 


124,770 


17,240 


15,570 


33,000 


38,590 


450 


1,110 


1977 


360,340 


11,210 


1,870 


12,610 


12,230 


94,560 


123,630 


17,010 


15,670 


32,490 


37,620 


430 


1,010 


1975 2 


93,142 


3,027 


492 


3,296 


3,069 


24,701 


32,381 


4,437 


3,850 


8,030 


9,450 


102 


307 


3 


92,124 


2,938 


499 


3.408 


3,035 


23,855 


32,121 


4,454 


3,966 


8,181 


9,278 


109 


280 


4 


85,003 


2,279 


473 


3,247 


2,832 


20,859 


30.419 


4,136 


3,765 


7,856 


8,751 


98 


288 


1976 1 


93,130 


2,970 


500 


3,310 


3,100 


25.560 


32,360 


4,410 


3,520 


8.260 


8,750 


90 


300 


2 


93,250 


3,140 


440 


3,390 


3,190 


24,970 


31,480 


4,420 


4,140 


8,310 


9,410 


100 


260 


3 


93,090 


2,880 


470 


3,480 


3,140 


24,450 


31,620 


4,290 


4,100 


8,580 


9,630 


140 


310 


4 


85,160 


2,330 


490 


3,020 


2,630 


20,440 


29,310 


4,120 


3.810 


7.850 


10,800 


120 


240 


1977 1 


91,930 


2,990 


480 


3,140 


3,130 


25,110 


31,030 


4,140 


3,680 


8,230 


9,680 


90 


230 


2 


93,480 


3,200 


430 


3,340 


3,290 


24,760 


32,020 


4,290 


4,130 


8,420 


9,240 


120 


240 


3 


89,530 


2,760 


490 


3,210 


3,130 


22,840 


30,690 


4,450 


3,870 


8,090 


9,590 


100 


310 


4 


85,400 


2,260 


470 


2,920 


2,680 


21,850 


29,890 


4,130 


3,990 


7,750 


9,110 


120 


230 



100 



190 



Table 


6: 


Deaths,! by province 


(number) 






















Year 

and 

quarter 




Canada Nfld 


P.E.I. 


N.S 


NB 


Que 


Ont 


Man 


Sask 


Alta 


BC 


Yukon 


N.W.T. 


D 




157 158 


159 


160 


161 


162 


163 


164 


165 


166 


167 


168 


169 



1976 


166,490 


3,230 


1.060 


6,860 


5,160 


42,750 


60,710 


8,410 


7.560 


11,320 


19,100 


130 


200 


1977 


169,040 


3,290 


1.080 


6,980 


5,300 


43,830 


61,380 


8,690 


7,520 


1 1 ,490 


19,190 


120 


170 


1975 2 


40,262 


766 


232 


1.678 


1,191 


10,600 


14,406 


2,056 


1,837 


2.692 


4.723 


30 


51 


3 


40,636 


789 


248 


1,652 


1,246 


10.800 


14.553 


2,147 


1.864 


2,725 


4.538 


24 


50 


4 


41,541 


787 


257 


1,697 


1,292 


10.650 


15,135 


1,996 


1,969 


2.913 


4.758 


32 


55 


1976 1 


44,140 


890 


270 


1.750 


1.440 


10,810 


16,700 


2,100 


1.850 


2.950 


5.310 


40 


30 


2 


42,120 


790 


280 


1,810 


1,310 


11.260 


14.780 


2,170 


2,010 


2,960 


4,660 


30 


60 


3 


39,160 


750 


230 


1,610 


1,110 


10,110 


14,150 


2.080 


1,770 


2.740 


4.520 


30 


60 


4 


41,070 


800 


280 


1,690 


1.300 


10.570 


1 5,080 


2,060 


1.930 


2.670 


4.610 


30 


50 


1977 1 


43,140 


890 


270 


1,790 


1.400 


10,630 


16,240 


2.140 


1.810 


2.900 


5.000 


30 


40 


2 


44,080 


780 


280 


1.900 


1,370 


12.320 


15,540 


2.150 


2.110 


3.110 


4.460 


20 


40 


3 


40,030 


810 


270 


1.620 


1.310 


10,060 


14.310 


2.280 


1.760 


2,890 


4.630 


40 


50 


4 


41,790 


810 


260 


1.670 


1.220 


10.820 


15.290 


2.120 


1.840 


2.590 


5.100 


30 


40 



1978 1 



45,110 



900 



310 



1,760 



1,490 



10,980 



17,400 



2.260 



1,870 



2.870 



5.210 



20 



40 



Table 7: Marriages,! 


by province 


(number) 






















Year 

and 

quarter Canada 


Nfld 


P.E.I 


N.S 


NB 


Que 


Ont 


Man 


Sask 


Alta 


BC 


Yukon 


NWT 


D 170 


171 


172 


173 


174 


175 


176 


177 


178 


179 


180 


181 


182 



1976 


198,020 


4,410 


1.050 


7,190 


6.120 


49,190 


71,860 


9,090 


8.060 


18.350 


22,280 


160 


260 


1977 


190.260 


4.100 


950 


6,490 


5.860 


47,180 


69,130 


8.890 


7.600 


18.380 


21.220 


190 


270 


1975 2 


57,010 


1,116 


241 


1,931 


1.627 


14.446 


21,564 


2.677 


2,259 


4.995 


6.052 


50 


52 


3 


73,433 


1,589 


401 


2,680 


2,430 


22.630 


24.698 


3.090 


2,967 


5.799 


7.023 


62 


64 


4 


43,055 


967 


205 


1.545 


1,271 


9,106 


16,365 


2,017 


1.925 


4.278 


5.249 


55 


72 


1976 1 


24.130 


600 


80 


920 


520 


4.190 


9,760 


1,120 


840 


2.420 


3.590 


30 


60 


2 


57,550 


1,230 


300 


2.070 


1,780 


13.520 


21,630 


2.700 


2.300 


5.840 


6.070 


40 


70 


3 


74,060 


1,690 


450 


2.720 


2.580 


22.350 


24.680 


3.280 


3,090 


5.830 


7.270 


50 


70 


4 


42,280 


890 


220 


1.480 


1,240 


9.130 


15.790 


1,990 


1.830 


4,260 


5.350 


40 


60 


1977 1 


22,170 


540 


90 


830 


490 


4.070 


8.850 


920 


750 


2.520 


3.010 


40 


60 


2 


54,580 


1,050 


260 


1,600 


1,740 


1 2.690 


20,730 


2.780 


2.150 


5,870 


5.600 


40 


70 


3 


72,010 


1.700 


420 


2,600 


2,440 


21,460 


23.680 


3,230 


2.990 


5.920 


7.420 


70 


80 


4 


41,500 


810 


180 


1,460 


1,190 


8,960 


15.870 


1,960 


1,710 


4.070 


5.190 


40 


60 



1978 1 



22,150 



510 



70 



800 



450 



4.180 



8.740 



910 



680 



2.310 



3.410 



40 



50 



1 Figures tor the year ending and quarters ot 1974 represent the actual number ol events reported by the provinces The counts tor the year 1975 are provisional while those tor 
the succeeding years are estimates The figures tor Yukon and Northwest Territories lor the quarters in the year 1975 are estimates 
Source: Vital Statistics (84-001), (84-204), (84-205), and (84-206), Statistics Canada. 



16 



Section 3 • System of National Accounts 

1 . Income and Expenditure Accounts 

18 1.1 National Income and Gross National Product 

18 1.2 Gross National Expenditure 

19 1.3 Gross National Expenditure, Constant Dollars 

19 1.4 Sources of Personal Income 

20 1.5 Disposition of Personal Income 

20 1.6 Sources and Disposition of Gross Saving 

21 1.7 Government Revenue, Expenditure, and Surplus or Deficit, by Level of Government 
25 1.8 Implicit Price Indexes, Gross National Expenditure 

25 1.9 Relation between Gross National Product at Market Prices and 

Gross Domestic Product at Factor Cost 

2. Domestic Product by Industry 

26 2.1 Real Domestic Product by Industry of Origin, Quarterly 

27 2.2 Real Domestic Product by Industry of Origin, Monthly 

3. Balance of International Payments 

32 3.1 Canadian Balance of International Payments, Current Account, All Countries 

33 3.2 Canadian Balance of International Payments, Current Account, Area Distribution 

34 3.3 Canadian Balance of International Payments, Capital Account, All Countries 



17 



Section 3-Tables 1.1 and 1.2 

1 -Income and expenditure accounts 

Table 1.1: National income and gross national product (millions of dollars) 



July 1978 































GNP at 






























market 




Wages, 










Accr'd 


Net 














prices 




salaries, 










net 


income of 








Capital 






excl. 




and 




Corpo- 


Deduct: 


Interest 


income 


non-farm 




Net 




consump 






accrued 




supple- 


Military 


ration 


dividends 


& misc. 


ot larm 


un-mcorp. 




national 


Indirect 


allow- 






net 


Year 


mentary 


pay and 


profits 


paid 


invest- 


operators 


business 


Inventory 


income 


taxes 


ances 


Residual 


GNP at 


income 


and 


labour 


allow- 


betore 


to non- 


ment 


from farm 


incl. 


valuation 


at factor 


less 


& misc 


error of 


market 


of farm 


quarter 


income 


ances 


taxes 1 


resident^ 


income3 


prod.1 


rent.5 


adjust.6 


cost 


subsidies 


val. adj. 


estimate 


prices 


operators 


D 


40032 


40001 


40002 


40003 


40004 


40005 


40006 


40007 


40008 


40009 


40010 


40011 


40548 


40013 


D 


40240 


40241 


40242 


40243 


40244 


40245 


40246 


40247 


40248 


40249 


40250 


40251 


40551 


40253 



1976 


108,248 


1.453 


20,281 


-1.688 


11.078 


3,584 


8.304 


-2,038 


149,222 


21,269 


20,783 


1977 


120,100 


1.547 


22,330 


-1,844 


12,958 


3,069 


8.790 


-3.287 


163,663 


23,679 


23,184 



Unadjusted for seasonality 

1976 4 28,707 376 4,955 



-703 



2.956 



-129 



2,162 



-535 



37,789 



5,601 



5.440 



218 191,492 187,908 
-394 210,132 207,063 



1,003 49.833 49.962 



1977 1 


28,164 


381 


4.993 


-327 


3,218 


-603 


1,961 


-1,115 


36.672 


5,861 


5,530 


-751 


47,312 


47.915 


2 


29,942 


385 


5,746 


-377 


3,184 


-233 


2,195 


-871 


39,971 


5,546 


5,764 


-346 


50.935 


51.168 


3 


30,822 


381 


5.660 


-332 


3,205 


4.027 


2,335 


-735 


45,363 


5.957 


5,911 


-185 


57.046 


53,019 


4 


31,172 


400 


5,931 


-808 


3.351 


-122 


2,299 


-566 


41,657 


6,315 


5,979 


888 


54,839 


54,961 



1978 1 



30,733 



404 



5,445 



-335 



Seasonally adjusted at annual rates 

1976 4 114,464 1.480 19.412 -1,732 



3,591 



11,868 



-583 



2,744 



2,148 



8,468 



-1,006 40,397 



6,478 



6.109 



-906 



52,078 52,661 



-2,680 154,024 21,960 21.656 



544 198,184 195,440 



1977 


1 


115,452 


1.516 


22,068 


-1,664 


12,244 


2.964 


8,472 


-4.188 


156.864 


23.084 


22,384 


520 


202.852 


199.888 




2 


1 1 8,684 


1,536 


21,736 


-1,856 


13.048 


3,800 


8.712 


-3,172 


162.488 


23.180 


22.988 


-700 


207.956 


204.156 




3 


121,984 


1.564 


22,304 


-1,744 


1 3,044 


2.816 


8.968 


-2,968 


165.968 


23.636 


23.568 


-864 


212.308 


209.492 




4 


124,280 


1,572 


23,212 


-2,112 


13.496 


2.696 


9,008 


-2,820 


169.332 


24,816 


23.796 


-532 


217.412 


214,716 


1978 


1 


125,864 


1,604 


24,676 


-1.720 


13,728 


2.920 


9,248 


-3,732 


172.588 


25,244 


24,724 


-244 


222,312 


219,392 



'Excludes profits (net of losses) of government business enterprises 2lncludes the withholding tax applicable to this item 3|ncludes profits (net of losses) of government 
business enterprises and interest and miscellaneous investment income of government 4| n cludes value of physical change in farm inventories The seasonally adjusted data 
includes an arbitrary smoothing of crop production and standard seasonal adjustment for withdrawals of grain from farm stocks and the change in other farm-held inventories 
Because of the arbitrary element, too precise an interpretation should not be given the seasonally adjusted figures includes net income of independent professional practi- 
tioners. 6See footnote 4, Table 12 
Source: National Income and Expenditure Accounts (13-001), Statistics Canada. 

Table 1.2: Gross national expenditure (millions of dollars) 





Personal 
expend- 
iture on 
consu- 
mer 
goods 
and 
services 


Govern- 
ment 
current 
expend- 
iture 
on 
goods 
and ser- 
vices' 




Gross 


fixed capital formation 






Value of 
change in 


physical 
inventories 




Exports 
of 
goods 
and ser- 
vices 


Deducts 

imports 

of 

goods 

and 

services 


Residual 
error 
of esti- 
mate 






Total 


Govern- 
ment 
total 


Business 






Total 


Govern- 
ment 
total? 




Business3 








Non- 
farm 4 


Farm & 
grain in 
commer- 
cial 
chan- 
nels5 


Gross 


Year 

and 
quarter 


Total 


Resi- 
dential 
con- 
struc- 
tion 


Non- 
resi- 
dential 
construc- 
tion 


Machin- 
ery 
and 
equip- 
ment 


national 
expend- 
iture at 
market 
prices 


D 

D 


40014 

40254 


40015 
40255 


40016 
40256 


40017 
40257 


40021 
40261 


40022 
40262 


40023 
40263 


40024 
40264 


40025 
40265 


40026 
40266 


40027 
40267 


40028 
40268 


40029 
40269 


40030 
40270 


40031 
40271 


40548 
40551 


1976 
1977 


110,744 
122,327 


38,848 
43,382 


44,895 

48,434 


6,318 

7,000 


38,577 

41,434 


12,321 
12,679 


12 105 
13,528 


14.151 
15.227 


1.534 

111 


41 

43 


1,049 
149 


444 
-81 


45,685 
52.716 


-49.997 
-57.232 


-217 

394 


191.492 
210.132 



Unadjusted for seasonality 
1976 4 31.275 10,338 11,516 



1,638 9,880 3,273 



3.031 



3.576 



-1.186 



10 



86 -1.282 11,841 -12.950 -1.003 49.833 



1977 1 


27.628 


10,989 


10.392 


1.308 


9,084 


2,469 


2,757 


3.858 


-876 


-25 


374 


-1.225 


11.866 


-13.438 


751 


47.312 


2 


30.189 


10,221 


12.397 


1,664 


10,733 


3,192 


3.327 


4.214 


-888 


24 


-346 


-566 


13.797 


-15.128 


347 


50.935 


3 


30,270 


10.857 


13.266 


2,119 


11,147 


3,727 


3.826 


3.594 


3.125 


32 


-214 


3.307 


13.097 


-13.754 


185 


57.046 


4 


34.240 


11.315 


12,379 


1.909 


1 0,470 


3,291 


3.618 


3.561 


-1.250 


12 


335 


-1.597 


13.956 


-14.912 


-889 


54.839 



1978 1 30,521 12.218 10,843 



1,448 9.395 2,533 



3.152 



3.710 



Seasonally adjusted at annual rates 

1976 4 115,712 40,972 45,544 6,228 39,316 12,512 11,728 15.076 

1977 1 118,496 41,524 47,008 

2 120,604 43,356 48,244 

3 123,416 44,028 49.524 

4 126,792 44,620 48.960 

1978 1 130.548 46,148 49.148 



-1.014 



468 



-25 



36 



410 -1.399 13.241 -14.637 



172 



260 46.964 -50.936 



906 52.078 



-540 198.184 



6.452 


40.556 


12,496 


12,516 


1 5,544 


32 


44 


-240 


228 


51.292 


-54.984 


-516 


202.852 


7,020 


41,224 


12.744 


13,628 


14.852 


372 


48 


-444 


768 


51.708 


-57.032 


704 


207.956 


7,192 


42,332 


12,892 


13,904 


15.536 


64 


40 


316 


-292 


52.496 


-58.080 


860 


212.308 


7.336 


41,624 


12.584 


14,064 


14.976 


-24 


40 


964 


-1.028 


55.368 


-58.832 


528 


217.412 


7,204 


41,944 


12,664 


14,288 


14.992 


- 1 ,044 


64 


-140 


-968 


58,036 


-60.772 


248 


222.312 



1 Includes defence expenditures 2|ncludes outlay on new durable assets such as building and highway construction by governments, other than government business enter- 
prises Excludes defence construction and equipment which is defined as current expenditure 3| n cludes capital expenditures by private and government business enterpnses. 
private non-commercial institutions and outlays on new residential construction by individuals and business investors Capital expenditure is defined to include all transfer costs 
on the sales and purchases ot existing fixed assets 4T n e book value of inventories is deflated to remove the effect ot price change and the derived physical change is 
then valued at average prices of the current period to obtain the value of physical change The difference between the value ol physical change and the change in book value 
is called the inventory valuation adjustment, (as shown in Table 1 1) 5See footnote 4. Table 11 
Source: National Income and Expenditure Accounts (13-001), Statistics Canada. 



11 



July 1978 

1— Income and expenditure accounts 

Table 1.3: Gross national expenditure in constant (1971) dollars (millions of dollars)i 



Section 3-Tables 1.3 and 1.4 





Personal 
expend- 
iture on 
consumer 
goods 
and 
services 


Govern- 
ment 
current 
expend- 
iture 
on 
goods 
and 
services 




Gross fixed capital formation 






Value of 
change in 


physical 
inventories 




Exports 

of 

goods 

and 

services 


Deduct: 

imports 

ol goods 

and 

services 


Residual 
error 
of esti- 
mate 






Total 


Govern- 
ment 
total 


Business 






Total 


Govern- 
ment 
total 




Business 




Non- 
farm 


Farm 
and 
grain 
in com- 
mercial 
chan- 
nels 




Year 
and 
quarter 


Total 


Resi- 
dential 
construc- 
tion 


Non- 
resi- 
dential 
construc- 
tion 


Machin- 
ery 
and 
equip- 
ment 


Gross 
national 
expend- 
iture 


D 

D 


4056? 
40594 


40568 
40600 


40569 
40601 


40570 
40602 


40575 
40607 


40576 
40608 


40577 
40609 


40578 
40610 


40581 
40613 


40582 
40614 


40583 
40615 


40584 
40616 


40586 
40618 


40588 
40620 


40590 
40622 


40561 
40593 


1976 
1977 


75,308 
77,399 


21,809 
22,247 


27,268 
27,350 


3.859 
3,960 


23,409 
23,390 


6,466 
6,166 


7,417 
7,667 


9,526 
9,557 


936 
-23 


22 

22 


743 

119 


171 
-164 


26,247 
28.199 


-32,072 
-32.860 


-102 
249 


119,394 
122,561 



Unadjusted for seasonality 
1976 4 21,011 5,434 6,821 



1977 1 18,031 



19,240 
18,835 
21,293 



5,925 
5,228 
5,483 
5,611 



6,138 
7,099 
7,323 
6,790 



1978 1 18,408 6,039 5,883 



980 

784 

954 

1,170 

1,052 

808 



5,841 

5,354 
6,145 
6,153 
5,738 

5,075 



1,662 

1,244 
1,571 
1,792 
1,559 



1,166 



1,817 2,362 



1.619 2,491 



1,898 
2,133 
2,017 

1,741 



2,676 
2,228 
2,162 

2,168 



-682 

-375 
-207 
1,216 
-657 

-368 



-14 

13 

17 

6 

-13 



17 

335 
-197 
-196 

177 

388 



-704 

-696 

-23 

1.395 

-840 

-743 



6,745 -8,221 



-613 30,495 



6,515 
7,490 
6,904 
7,290 



-8,102 
-8,837 
-7,751 
-8,170 



451 
204 
106 
-512 



28,583 
30,217 
32,116 
31,645 



6,754 -7,795 



508 29,429 



Seasonally adjusted at annual rates 



1976 


4 


77,072 


21,636 


27.040 


3,732 


23,308 


6,320 


7,024 


9,964 


284 


20 


108 


156 


26,788 


-32,516 


-296 


120,008 


1977 


1 


77.344 


22,232 


27,424 


3,796 


23,628 


6,252 


7,332 


1 0,044 


-240 


24 


-196 


-68 


28,216 


-33,076 


-288 


121,612 




2 


76,908 


22,492 


27,476 


4,004 


23,472 


6,276 


7,756 


9,440 


-8 


24 


-152 


120 


28,076 


-33,356 


436 


122,024 




3 


77,344 


22,056 


27,596 


4,000 


23,596 


6,208 


7,748 


9,640 


-20 


20 


232 


-2/2 


27,536 


-32,644 


520 


122.388 




4 


78,000 


22,208 


26,904 


4,040 


22,864 


5,928 


7,832 


9,104 


176 


20 


592 


-436 


28,968 


-32,364 


328 


124,220 



1978 1 78,956 22,564 26,372 3,944 22,428 5,780 7,884 8,764 



-380 



32 



-412 29,680 -32,284 



140 125,048 



lThe implicit price deflators of the seasonally unadjusted components of Gross National Expenditure, derived by dividing the value figures in current dollars by the constant 
dollar figures, are not suitable as indicators of quarter-to-quarter price change. This is because they are currently weighted and therefore are affected by compositional shifts 
which occur within the unad|usted components of Gross National Expenditure, on a quarter-to-quarter basis Quarter-to-quarter movements in the implicit price deflators based 
on seasonally ad|usled data are less subject to the problem of shifting weights and may be used as a measure of price change. 
Source: National Income and Expenditure Accounts (13-001), Statistics Canada. 



Table 1.4: Sources of personal income (millions of dollars) 





Wages, 
salaries and 
supplemen- 
tary labour 
income 


Military 

pay and 

allowances 


Net income 

received 

by farm 

operators 

from farm 

productionl 


Net income 
of 
non-farm un- 
incorporated 
business 
including rent 


Interest, 
dividends 
and miscella- 
neous 
investment 
income? 




Current 


transfers 






Year 


From government 


From 
corporations3 


From 
non-residents 




and 
quarter 


To persons 


Capital 
assistance 


Personal 
income 


D 

D 


40032 
40272 


40033 
40273 


40034 
40274 


40035 
40275 


40036 
40276 


40039 
40278 


40040 
40279 


40037 
40280 


40041 
40281 


40549 
40282 


1976 
1977 


108,248 
120,100 


1,453 
1,547 


3,551 
3,035 


8,304 
8,790 


14,457 
15.669 


19,547 
22,469 


174 
158 


278 
306 


255 
296 


156,267 
172,370 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 4 



28,707 



376 



-236 



2,162 



3,960 



4,865 



36 



69 



67 



40,006 



977 1 


28,164 


381 


-448 


1,961 


3,737 


5,786 


39 


76 


68 


39,764 


2 


29,942 


385 


-329 


2,195 


3,883 


5,471 


42 


76 


77 


41,742 


3 


30,822 


381 


3.988 


2,335 


3,810 


5,560 


36 


77 


76 


47,085 


4 


31,172 


400 


-176 


2,299 


4,239 


5,652 


41 


77 


75 


43,779 



1978 1 



30,733 



404 



-421 



2,148 



4,205 



6.601 



57 



80 



43,881 



Seasonally adjusted at annual rates 



1976 4 


114,464 


1,480 


2,804 


8,468 


15,256 


20,504 


144 


276 


268 


163,664 


1977 1 


115,452 


1,516 


2.800 


8,472 


1 5,344 


21,100 


156 


304 


272 


165,416 


2 


1 1 8,684 


1,536 


3.656 


8.712 


15,316 


21,812 


168 


304 


308 


1 70,496 


3 


121,984 


1,564 


2,940 


8.968 


15,652 


23,140 


144 


308 


304 


175,004 


4 


124,280 


1,572 


2,744 


9,008 


16.364 


23,824 


164 


308 


300 


178,564 



1978 1 



125,864 



1,604 



2,820 



9,248 



17,248 



24,144 



228 



320 



296 



181,772 



'This item differs from column 6, table 1.1 by excluding the adjustment which has been made to take account of the accrued earnings arising out of the operations of the Cana- 
dian Wheat Board and the Canadian Co-Operative Wheat Producers. 2|ncludes all interest on the public debt paid by government to persons 3Chantable contributions and 
bad debts. 
For source see Table 1.9. 



19 



Section 3-Tables 1.5 and 1.6 

1— Income and expenditure accounts 

Table 1.5: Disposition of personal income (million dollars) 



July 1978 





Total 

personal 

income 


on 


Personal expenditure 
consumer goods and services 








Current 


transfers 






Personal savings 








To government 




To 

corpo- 
ations3 


To non- 
resi- 
dents 






Total 


Excl. 

change 
in farm 
inven- 
tories 


Value of 
physical 
change 
in farm 
inven- 
tories 






Income 
taxes 


Suc- 
cession 
duties 
& estate 
taxes 


Social 

ins. 

& govt. 

pension 

funds? 


Other 




Year 
and 

quarter 


Total 


Durable 
goods 


Semi- 
durable 
goods 


Non- 
durable 
goods 


Serv- 
ices' 


dis- 
posable 
income 4 


D 
D 


40042 
40552 


40043 
40283 


40044 
40284 


40045 
40285 


40046 
40286 


40047 
40287 


40048 
40288 


40049 
40289 


40050 

40290 


40051 
40291 


40052 
40292 


40053 
40293 


40054 
40294 


40055 


40056 


40057 
40295 



976 


1 56,267 1 1 0744 


17,112 


14,489 


34,212 


44,931 


21,128 


141 


7,116 


1,463 


1,818 


252 


13,605 


13,369 


236 126,419 


977 


172,370 122,327 


18,469 


15,556 


37,625 


50,677 


23,354 


150 


7,791 


1,600 


1.972 


262 


14,914 


14.902 


12 139,475 



Unadjusted tor seasonal variation 

1976 4 40,006 31,275 5,079 4,832 9,723 11.641 



1977 1 
2 
3 
4 



39,764 
41,742 



27.628 
30,189 



47,085 30.270 
43,779 34,240 



3,867 
4,891 
4,384 
5,327 



2,973 
3,634 
3,769 
5,180 



8,725 

9,089 

9,037 

10,774 



12,063 
12,575 
13.080 
12,959 



5,844 

6,691 
4,578 
6,223 
5,862 



38 

39 
41 
31 

39 



1,676 

1,911 
2,166 
1,955 
1,759 



1978 1 43,881 30,521 4;085 3,194 

Seasonally adjusted at annual rates 



9,864 13,378 6,231 



33 2,073 



364 

516 

362 
359 
363 

583 



496 

467 
475 
494 
536 

553 



63 

65 
65 
66 
66 



250 

2,447 

3,866 

7,687 

914 



1.414 

4,071 
4,169 
4,371 
2.291 



-1,164 32,084 



-1,624 

-303 

3,316 

-1,377 



30,607 
34,595 
38,517 
35,756 



67 3,820 5,605 -1,785 34,961 



152 



7,540 



1,596 1,920 



252 13.564 



1976 4 163,664 115,712 17,900 15,140 35,800 46,872 22,928 

1977 1 165,416 118,496 

2 170,496 120,604 

3 175,004 123,416 

4 1 78,564 1 26,792 

1978 1 181,772 130,548 19,688 16,220 40,644 53.996 22.368 132 8.196 1,968 2,232 268 16,060 



18,572 


15,192 


36,092 


48,640 


24,776 


156 


7,552 


1,696 


1,888 


260 


10.592 


18,256 


15,284 


36,984 


50,080 


22.128 


164 


7,800 


1.556 


1,956 


260 


16.028 


18,400 


15,548 


37,768 


51,700 


23,500 


124 


7,912 


1.556 


1.968 


264 


16,264 


18.648 


16,200 


39,656 


52,288 


23,012 


156 


7,900 


1.592 


2,076 


264 


16,772 



131,448 

131,236 
138.848 
141.912 
145.904 

149.108 



'Includes net expenditure abroad 2Employer and employee contributions to social insurance and government pension funds 
the consumer debt 4jhis item is equal to "personal income" less the total of "current transfers to government". 
For source see Table 1.9. 



3This item is the transfer portion of interest on 



Table 1.6. Sources and disposition ot gross saving (million dollars) 













Sources 


of gross saving 










Disposition of gross 














Saving 










Capital 
con- 
sumption 
allow- 
ances 
and 
MVA2 


Residual 
error of 
estimate 






Total 
gross 
saving 


Persons 
corporated 


& unin- 
business 


Corporate and government 
business enterprises 




Govern- 
ment 


Non- 
residents 


saving 


Year 

and 
quarter 


Personal 
saving 


Adjust- 
ment on 
grain 
trans- 
actions' 


Undis- 
tributed 
corpo- 
ration 
profits 


Govt 
business 
enter- 
prises 


Capital 
assis- 
tance 


Inventory 

valuation 

adiust- 

ment 


Gross 
fixed 
capital 
form- 
ations 


Value of 
physical 
change 
in inven- 
tories 


Residual 
error of 
estimate 


D 

D 


40185 
40423 


40175 
40413 


40181 
40419 


40176 

40414 


40177 
40415 


40178 
40416 


40182 

40420 


40179 

40417 


40180 
40418 


40183 
40421 


40184 
40422 


40186 
40424 


40190 
40428 


40191 
40429 


1976 
1977 


46,212 

48,939 


13.605 
14,914 


33 
34 


8.668 
10,556 


303 
668 


336 
387 


-2,038 
-3.287 


-43 

-1,703 


4.347 
4.580 


20,783 
23.184 


218 
-394 


44,895 

48,434 


1,534 

111 


-217 

394 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 
1976 4 9,329 250 107 



1,848 



72 



83 



-535 



-12 



1.073 



5.440 



1.003 



11.518 



-1.186 



-1.003 



1977 1 


10,267 


2,447 


-155 


2,189 


236 


80 


-1,115 


194 


1.612 


5.530 


-751 


10.392 


-876 


751 


2 


11,856 


3.866 


96 


2.690 


175 


122 


-871 


-999 


1.359 


5.764 


-346 


12.397 


-888 


347 


3 


16,576 


7,687 


39 


3.030 


128 


76 


-735 


-49 


674 


5.911 


-185 


13.266 


3,125 


185 


4 


10,240 


914 


54 


2.647 


129 


109 


-566 


-849 


935 


5.979 


888 


12.379 


-1.250 


-889 



1978 1 10,735 3,820 -162 

Seasonally adjusted at annual rates 

1976 4 45,472 13,564 -60 

1977 1 46,524 10,592 164 

2 49,320 16,028 144 

3 50,448 16,264 -124 

4 49,464 16,772 -48 



1978 1 



48,352 



16,060 



100 



2,663 



8.436 



12,672 



243 



424 



820 



84 



348 



-1.006 -1.607 



-2,680 



-820 



1.497 



6.109 



4.060 21.656 



-906 10.843 



544 



45.544 



344 



-3.732 



-5.368 



2.976 24.724 



-244 



49.148 



-1.014 



468 



-1.044 



906 



-540 



9.988 


788 


320 


-4,188 


2,236 


3,720 


22.384 


520 


47.008 


32 


-516 


9,724 


660 


408 


-3.172 


-2.160 


5.400 


22.988 


-700 


48.244 


372 


704 


10,968 


564 


352 


-2.968 


-2.888 


5.576 


23.568 


-864 


49.524 


64 


860 


11,544 


660 


468 


-2.820 


-4,000 


3.624 


23.796 


-532 


48.960 


-24 


528 



248 



lThis item is the ad|ustment to take account of the accrued earnings of farm operators arising out ol the operations of the Canadian Wheat Board See also footnote 1. table 
1.4. 2Miscellaneous valuation adjustment 3For a breakdown between government and business, see table 12 
For source see Table 1.9. 



20 



July 1978 

1— Income and expenditure accounts 

Table 1.7: Government revenue, expenditure, and surplus or deficit, by level of government (millions of dollars) 



Section 3-Table 1.7 

















Revenue 


























Direct taxes 












Indirect taxes 










Persons 






Corporat 


e «nd government bus 


ness enterprises 


Non- 
resi- 
dents 
federal 






Total2 


Federal 

tax 

collec- 

Federal2 tions 


Pro- 
vincial? 


Provin- 
cial tax 
collec- 
tions 




Year 


Total 


Federal 1 


Pro- 
vincial 


Canada 

pension 

plan 


Quebec 

pension 

plan 




and 
quarter 


Total 


Pro- 
Federal vincial 


Local4 


D 

D 


40058 
40296 


40059 

40297 


40060 
40298 


40062 
40300 


40063 
40301 


40064 
40302 


40065 40066 
40303 40304 


40067 
40305 


40068 
40306 


40069 
40307 


40070 
40308 


40071 40072 
40309 40310 


40073 
40311 


1976 
1977 


28,385 
31,295 


18,042 

17,748 


8,138 
11,134 


1,630 
1,829 


575 
584 


7,450 
7,486 


5,300 5,483 
5,289 5,649 


2,150 
2,197 


2,378 
1,955 


504 
534 


24,666 
26,969 


8,601 9,015 
9,083 10,081 


7,050 
7,805 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 

1976 4 7,558 4,842 2,367 



272 



1.701 



1,210 



1,026 



491 



423 



158 



6.377 



2.245 



2,359 



1,773 



1977 1 


8,641 


4,851 


3,159 


499 


132 


1,913 


1,351 


1.853 


562 


553 


122 


6,664 


2,072 


2,653 


1,939 


2 


6,785 


3,753 


2,185 


611 


236 


2,082 


1,470 


1.347 


612 


411 


153 


6,353 


2.250 


2,151 


1.952 


3 


8,209 


4,598 


3,024 


450 


137 


1,726 


1.220 


1,288 


506 


533 


96 


6.873 


2,302 


2,619 


1,952 


4 


7,660 


4,546 


2,766 


269 


79 


1.765 


1.248 


1,161 


517 


458 


163 


7,079 


2,459 


2.658 


1.962 



1978 1 8,337 4,348 3,306 

Seasonally adjusted at annual rates 



516 



1976 4 30,620 19,052 



9,332 



1,712 



167 



524 



1,827 



6,816 



1.291 



4,844 



1,928 



5,368 



536 



1,972 



867 



2,264 



132 



7,324 



476 24,964 



2,154 



8,400 



3,053 



9,496 



1978 1 30,696 17,196 10,968 



1,828 



704 



7,620 



5,384 



7,532 



2,236 



2.992 



648 28,656 



9.164 10,996 



2,117 



7,068 



1977 1 


32,484 


19,200 


10,936 


1,776 


572 


7,992 


5,644 


7,020 


2,348 


1,804 


592 


26,284 


8,812 


9,688 


7,784 


2 


30,092 


16,036 


1 1 ,496 


1,860 


700 


7,632 


5,396 


3,468 


2.236 


1,736 


516 


26,872 


9,204 


9,864 


7,804 


3 


31,536 


17,828 


11,232 


1,964 


512 


7,232 


5,108 


6,024 


2,124 


1,880 


536 


26,968 


9,120 


10,036 


7.812 


4 


31,068 


1 7,928 


10.872 


1,716 


552 


7,088 


5.008 


6.084 


2,080 


2,400 


492 


27,752 


9.196 


10,736 


7,820 



8,496 

















Revenue 




















Other current 


transfers from 


persons 








Investment income 










Total 


Federal 


Provincial 


Local 


Hospitals 


Canada 

pension 

plan 


Quebec 


quarter 




Total 


Federal 


Provincial 


Local 


Hospitals 


plan 


D 

D 




40074 
40312 


40075 
40313 


40076 
40314 


40077 
40315 


40078 
40316 


40079 
40317 


40080 
40318 


40081 
40319 


40082 
40320 


40083 
40321 


40084 
40322 


40559 
40560 


1976 
1977 




1,463 
1,600 


11 

13 


1,341 
1,470 


107 

113 


4 

4 


8,251 
9,776 


2,600 

3,131 


4,309 
5,085 


255 

277 


10 
10 


751 
893 


326 
380 


Unadjusted 


for 


seasonal variation 






















1976 4 




364 


3 


333 


27 


1 


2.248 


727 


1,129 


70 


3 


227 


92 


1977 1 
2 
3 
4 




516 
362 
359 
363 


3 
3 
4 
3 


485 
330 
325 
330 


27 
28 
29 
29 


1 
1 
1 
1 


2,257 
2,393 
2,475 
2,651 


664 
783 
817 
867 


1,259 
1,201 
1,291 
1,334 


60 
72 
66 
77 


3 
2 
3 
2 


183 
240 
199 
271 


88 

95 

97 

100 


1978 1 




583 


4 


548 


30 


1 


2,679 


754 


1,548 


66 


2 


216 


93 


Seasonally adjusted 


at annual rates 




















1976 4 




1,596 


12 


1,472 


108 


4 


8.644 


2,696 


4,512 


264 


12 


792 


368 


1977 1 
2 
3 
4 




1,696 
1,556 
1,556 
1,592 


12 
12 
16 
12 


1,572 
1,428 
1,420 
1,460 


108 
112 
116 
116 


4 
4 
4 
4 


8,860 

9,844 

10,180 

10,220 


2.752 
3,160 
3,352 
3,260 


4.640 
5,156 
5,232 
5,312 


264 
276 
280 
288 


12 
8 

12 
8 


840 
864 
916 
952 


352 
380 
388 
400 



1978 1 



1,968 



16 



1,828 



120 



1 0,492 



3,128 



5.700 



292 



992 



372 



'Includes the taxes on life insurance companies introduced in 1969 At the present time, for National Accounts purposes, life insurance companies are treated as associations of 

individuals in so far as their investment activities are concerned. The 1969 taxes are thus included here pending a complete review of the treatment of insurance. 2Tax 

liabilities. 3withholdmg taxes 4jhe quarterly figures of real property taxes unadjusted and seasonally adjusted are obtained by dividing annual totals by four. Since real 

properly tax rates have been generally upward, this treatment gives rise to a fictitious seasonal between the fourth and first quarters in the seasonally ad|usted taxes of 

series. 

For source see Table 1.9. 



21 



Section 3-Table 1.7/Continued 

1— Income and expenditure accounts 

Table 1.7: Government revenue, expenditure, and surplus or deficit, by level of government (millions of dollars)/continued 



July 1978 











Revenue 


















Current transfers from other levels of government 






Total revenue 










Total 


Provinces 


Local governments 


Hospitals 




Year 
and 
quarter 


From local 

From govern- 

Canada ments 


From From 
Canada provinces 


From local 

From govern- 

provmces ments 


Total 


Federal 


Pro- 
vincial Local 


Hospitals 


Canada 

pension 

plan 


Quebec 

pension 

plan 


D 

D 


40085 
40323 


40086 40087 
40324 40325 


40088 40089 
40326 40327 


40090 40091 
40328 40329 


40092 
40330 


40093 
40331 


40094 40095 
40332 40333 


40096 
40334 


40097 
40335 


40098 
40336 



1976 


21,031 


8,306 


53 


204 


6,997 


5.451 


20 


91,750 


35,058 


33,312 


14,613 


5,485 


2.381 


901 


1977 


24,538 


9,605 


47 


356 


8,488 


6,022 


20 


102,198 


35,798 


39,619 


17,039 


6.056 


2.722 


964 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 4 



5,274 



2,203 



21 



25 



1,590 



1,430 



23.680 



9,185 



8.903 



3,485 



1.439 



499 



169 



1977 1 


6,455 


2,815 


14 


39 


1,967 


1,615 


5 


26,568 


9,063 


1 0,947 


4,032 


1.624 


682 


220 


2 


6,560 


2,260 


13 


176 


2,658 


1.448 


5 


24.688 


8,412 


8,752 


4,886 


1,456 


851 


331 


3 


5,507 


1.964 


9 


72 


1,962 


1,495 


5 


25,245 


9.037 


9,738 


4,083 


1.504 


649 


234 


4 


6.016 


2,566 


11 


69 


1,901 


1,464 


5 


25.697 


9.286 


10,182 


4.038 


1.472 


540 


179 



1978 1 



6,751 



2,951 



16 



Seasonally adjusted at annual rates 

1976 4 22,104 8,928 60 



1977 1 25,084 9,564 

2 24,156 9,388 

3 23,392 8,908 

4 25,520 10,560 



1978 1 



25,852 



10,208 



52 



73 



188 



432 



2,013 



7,076 



1.693 



5,832 



27,633 



8,683 11,958 



20 



95.220 35,480 35,772 



4,299 



14,704 



1,701 



5,868 



8.724 



6.416 



20 105.932 35,536 41,988 



18.064 



6.448 



732 



2,504 



2.820 



260 



892 



44 


224 


9,100 


6,132 


20 


102,992 


37,012 


38.792 


1 7,480 


6.168 


2,616 


924 


76 


364 


8,404 


5,904 


20 


100,668 


34,324 


39.644 


16,960 


5,936 


2,724 


1.080 


48 


336 


7,992 


6,088 


20 


101.400 


35,960 


39,000 


16.536 


6,124 


2.880 


900 


20 


500 


8,456 


5,964 


20 


103.732 


35,896 


41,040 


17.180 


5.996 


2.668 


952 



1.076 

















Current expenditure 




















Purchases of goods 


and serv 


ces5 








Transfer payments 


to persons 






Year 
and 
quarter 


Total 


Federal 


Defences 


Provincial 


Local 


Hospital 


Canada 

pension 

plan 


Quebec 

pension 

plan 


Total 


Federal 


Pro- 
vincial 


Local 


Canada 

pension 

plan 


Quebec 

pension 

plan 


D 

D 


40111 
40349 


40112 
40350 


40113 
40351 


40114 
40352 


40115 
40353 


40116 
40354 


40553 
40556 


40554 

40557 


40117 
40355 


40118 
40356 


40119 
40357 


40120 
40358 


40121 
40359 


40122 
40360 


1976 
1977 


38,848 
43,382 


9 653 
10,963 


3,220 
3,693 


10,940 
12,050 


12,696 
14.295 


5,501 
6.010 


39 

42 


19 
22 


19,547 
22.469 


11.533 
13.081 


6.731 
7.775 


247 
257 


775 
997 


261 

359 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 4 



10.338 



2,354 



831 



2,782 



3.684 



1.502 



12 



4.865 



2.828 



1.693 



65 



208 



71 



1977 1 


10,989 


3,101 


1.001 


3.177 


3.279 


1.419 


9 


4 


5,786 


3.461 


1.951 


60 


233 


81 


2 


10,221 


2,460 


787 


2,653 


3,583 


1.508 


11 


6 


5.471 


3.290 


1.787 


64 


246 


84 


3 


10,857 


2,705 


947 


3,190 


3,395 


1.550 


11 


6 


5.560 


3.109 


2.041 


64 


253 


93 


4 


11,315 


2,697 


958 


3,030 


4.038 


1.533 


11 


6 


5.652 


3.221 


1.996 


69 


265 


101 



1978 1 



12,218 



3,489 



1.107 



3.544 



Seasonally adjusted at annual rates 

1976 4 40.972 9.856 3.276 11,252 



3.617 



13,704 



1,553 



6.096 



48 



16 



6.601 



20.504 



3,895 



12,232 



2.248 



6,912 



60 



244 



293 



832 



105 



284 



1977 1 


41,524 


10.772 


3,788 


1 1 ,624 


13,352 


5.724 


36 


16 


21,100 


12.264 


7,328 


252 


932 


324 


2 


43,356 


10.976 


3,408 


12,216 


1 4,064 


6.032 


44 


24 


21.812 


12.832 


7.404 


256 


984 


336 


3 


44,028 


11,032 


3.772 


12.100 


14,784 


6,044 


44 


24 


23.140 


13.296 


8.200 


260 


1.012 


372 


4 


44.620 


11,072 


3,804 


12.260 


14,980 


6.240 


44 


24 


23.824 


13,932 


8,168 


260 


1.060 


404 



1978 1 



46,148 12,156 



4,176 



12,976 



14.688 



6.268 



44 



16 



24.144 



14.048 



8.252 



252 



1.172 



420 



5See page 23 



sbee page ZJ 

6Defense purchases of goods and services are included in Federal government purchases of goods and 



22 



Section 3-Table 1.7/Continued 



July 1978 

1 -Income and expenditure accounts 

Table 1.7: Government revenue, expenditure, and surplus or deficit, by level ot government (millions of dollars)/continued 

















Current expenditure 


















Subsidies 




Capita 


I assistance 


Current transfers 
to non-residents 






Interest 


on the public 


debt 




Year 


Total 


Federal 


Canada 

Pension 

Plan 




quarter 


Total 


Federal 


Provincial 


Total 


Federal 


Provincial 


Total 


Federal 


Provincial 


Local 


Hospitals 


D 
D 


40124 
40362 


40125 
40363 


40126 
40364 


40127 
40365 


40128 
40366 


40129 
40367 


40130 
40368 


41970 
41972 


41971 
41973 


40131 
40369 


40132 
40370 


40133 
40371 


40134 
40372 


40555 
40558 


1976 
1977 


3,397 
3,290 


2,527 
2,456 


870 
834 


510 
545 


316 
370 


194 

175 


542 
632 


537 
625 


5 

7 


7,918 
9,045 


4,519 
5,101 


2,319 
2,753 


1,024 
1,131 


56 

60 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 4 



776 



570 



206 



119 



77 



42 



126 



124 



2,194 



1,229 



653 



295 



17 



1977 1 


803 


574 


229 


119 


72 


47 


165 


163 


2 


2,057 


1,162 


678 


207 


10 


2 


807 


669 


138 


164 


116 


48 


193 


192 


1 


2,271 


1,242 


702 


308 


19 


3 


916 


659 


257 


112 


73 


39 


123 


121 


2 


2,219 


1.311 


630 


266 


12 


4 


764 


554 


210 


150 


109 


41 


151 


149 


2 


2,498 


1.386 


743 


350 


19 



1978 1 



846 



619 



227 



Seasonally adjusted at annual rates 



1976 4 



3,004 



2,084 



920 



492 



84 



324 



57 



168 



240 



580 



238 



572 



2.443 



8.384 



1,400 



4,884 



810 



2,420 



223 



1,024 



10 



56 



977 1 


3.200 


2,288 


912 


476 


288 


188 


632 


624 


4 


8.740 


4,876 


2,712 


1.096 


56 


2 


3,692 


2,880 


812 


576 


384 


192 


640 


636 


4 


8.596 


4,756 


2,724 


1,056 


60 


3 


3,332 


2,628 


704 


496 


340 


156 


568 


560 


8 


9.332 


5,296 


2,824 


1,152 


60 


4 


2,936 


2,028 


908 


632 


468 


164 


688 


680 


8 


9,512 


5.476 


2.752 


1,220 


64 



1978 1 



3,412 



2,496 



916 



572 



344 



228 



916 



908 



8 10,256 



5,816 



3,200 



1.184 



56 

















Current expenditure 


















Current 


transfers to 


other levels of government 






Total current expenditure^ 








Total 


Canada to 


Provinces to 


Local governments to 


Federal 


Pro- 
vincial 


Local 


Hospitals 


Canada 

pension 

plan 




Year 

and 
quarter 


Provinces 


Local 
govern- 
ments 


Local 
govern- 
ments 


Hospitals 


Provinces 


Hospitals Total 


Quebec 

pension 

plan 


D 

D 


40135 
40373 


40136 
40374 


40137 
40375 


40138 
40376 


40139 

40377 


40140 
40378 


40141 40142 
40379 40380 


40143 
40381 


40144 
40382 


40145 
40383 


40146 
40384 


40147 
40385 


40148 
40386 


1976 
1977 


21,031 
24,538 


8,306 
9,605 


204 
356 


6.997 
8,488 


5,451 
6,022 


53 

47 


20 91,793 
20 103,901 


37,595 

42,557 


33,502 
38,097 


14,040 
15,750 


5,557 
6.070 


819 

1,046 


280 
381 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 4 



5,274 



2.203 



25 



1.590 



1.430 



21 



23.692 



9,410 



8,396 



4,070 



1,519 



222 



75 



977 1 


6,455 


2.815 


39 


1.967 


1,615 


14 


5 


26,374 


11.387 


9,664 


3,565 


1.429 


244 


85 


2 


6,560 


2,260 


176 


2,658 


1,448 


13 


5 


25,687 


10.405 


9,434 


3,973 


1,527 


258 


90 


3 


5,507 


1,964 


72 


1,962 


1.495 


9 


5 


25.294 


10.014 


9,614 


3,739 


1,562 


266 


99 


4 


6,016 


2,566 


69 


1,901 


1,464 


11 


5 


26.546 


10,751 


9,385 


4.473 


1,552 


278 


107 



1978 1 



6,751 



2,951 



73 



2,013 



1,693 



16 



29,240 



12,749 



10,592 



3,921 



1,563 



306 



109 



Seasonally adjusted at annual rates 

1976 4 22,104 8,928 188 

1977 1 25,084 9,564 224 

2 24,156 9,388 364 

3 23,392 8,908 336 

4 25,520 10,560 500 



1978 1 



25.852 10,208 



432 



7,076 



8,724 



5,832 



6,416 



60 



52 



20 



96,040 39,068 34.580 



15,052 



6,152 



20 111,300 46,408 40,712 



16.196 



6.324 



1,224 



300 



9,100 


6,132 


44 


20 


100,756 


40,900 


37,996 


14,764 


5,780 


976 


340 


8,404 


5,904 


76 


20 


102,828 


42,216 


37,656 


15,472 


6.092 


1.032 


360 


7,992 


6,088 


48 


20 


104,288 


42,396 


38,064 


16,264 


6,104 


1,064 


396 


8,456 


5,964 


20 


20 


107,732 


44,716 


38,672 


16,500 


6,304 


1,112 


428 



436 



Slncludes capital consumptions allowances as shown on page 24, col. 8 



23 



Section 3-Table 1.7/Concluded 

1— Income and expenditure accounts 

Table 1.7: Government revenue, expenditure, and surplus or deficit, by level of government (millions of dollars)/concluded 



July 1978 













Surplus or 


deticit on a 


national accounts 


basis 


















Saving 








Total 


Plus: capital 
Federal 


consumption 
Provincial 


allowances 
Local 




Year 
and 
quarter 


Total 


Federal 


Provincial 


Local 


Hospitals 


Canada 

pension 

plan 


Quebec 

pension 

plan 


Hospitals 


D 
D 


40149 
40387 


40150 
40388 


40151 
40389 


40152 
40390 


40153 
40391 


40154 
40392 


40155 
40393 


40099 
40337 


40100 
40338 


40101 

40339 


40102 

40340 


40103 
40341 


1976 

1977 


-43 

-1,703 


-2,537 
-6,759 


-190 

1,522 


573 
1,289 


-72 

-14 


1,562 
1,676 


621 
583 


2,892 
3,341 


494 
571 


1,075 
1,249 


1,119 
1.289 


204 
232 


Unadjusted 


for seasona 


I variation 




















1976 4 


-12 


-225 


507 


-585 


-80 


278 


94 


762 


130 


285 


294 


53 


1977 1 
2 
3 
4 


194 
-999 

-49 
-849 


-2.324 

-1,993 

-977 

-1,465 


1,283 
-682 
124 
797 


467 
913 
344 
-435 


195 
-71 
-58 
-80 


438 
593 
383 
262 


135 

241 

135 

72 


791 
820 
850 
880 


135 
140 
145 
151 


296 
307 
318 
328 


305 
316 
328 
340 


55 
57 
59 
61 


1978 1 


-1,607 


-4,066 


1,366 


378 


138 


426 


151 


910 


156 


340 


351 


63 


Seasonally adjusted at 


annual 


rates 




















1976 4 


-820 


-3,588 


1,192 


-348 


-284 


1,616 


592 


3,048 


520 


1,140 


1,176 


212 


1977 1 
2 
3 
4 


2,236 
-2,160 
-2.888 
-4,000 


-3,888 
-7,892 
-6,436 
-8,820 


796 
1,988 

936 
2,368 


2,716 

1,488 

272 

680 


388 

-156 

20 

-308 


1,640 
1,692 
1.816 
1,556 


584 
720 
504 
524 


3,164 
3.280 
3,400 
3.520 


540 
560 
580 
604 


1,184 
1,228 

1.272 
1,312 


1,220 
1,264 
1.312 
1.360 


220 
228 
236 
244 



1978 1 



-5,368 



-10,872 



1,276 



1,868 



124 



1.596 



640 



3,640 



624 



1.360 



1.404 



252 













Surplus or 


deficit on a 


national accounts basis 














Deduct 


gross capital 


ormation 








Equals surplus 1 + ) or 


deficit (-) 






Year 
and 


Total 


Federal 


Provincial 


Local 


Hospitals 


Canada 

pension 

plan 


Quebec 
pension 


quarter 


Total 


Federal 


Provincial 


Local 


Hospitals 


plan 


D 

D 


40156 
40394 


40157 
40395 


40158 
40396 


40159 
40397 


40160 
40398 


40168 
40406 


40169 
40407 


40170 

40408 


40171 
40409 


40172 

40410 


40173 
40411 


40174 
40412 


1976 
1977 


6.359 
7,043 


1,158 
1.221 


2.182 
2.532 


2,673 
2.940 


346 

350 


-3,510 

-5.405 


-3.201 
-7.409 


-1.297 
239 


-981 
-362 


-214 
-132 


1.562 

1.676 


621 

583 


Unadjusted for 


seasona 


variation 




















1976 4 


1,648 


292 


579 


683 


94 


-898 


-387 


213 


-974 


-121 


277 


94 


1977 1 
2 
3 

4 


1,283 
1,688 
2,151 
1,921 


257 
279 
355 
330 


511 
546 
751 
724 


436 
779 
949 
776 


79 
84 
96 
91 


-298 
-1.867 
-1.350 
-1.890 


-2.446 
-2.132 
-1.187 
-1.644 


1.068 
-921 
-309 
401 


336 
450 

-277 
-871 


171 

-98 

-95 

-110 


438 
593 
383 
262 


135 

241 

135 

72 


1978 1 


1,423 


311 


547 


481 


84 


-2,120 


-4.221 


1.159 


248 


117 


426 


151 


Seasonally adj 


usted at 


annual 


rates 




















1976 4 


6.264 


1.112 


2.092 


2.696 


364 


-4.036 


-4.180 


240 


-1.868 


-436 


1.616 


592 


1977 1 
2 
3 
4 


6,496 
7.068 
7,232 
7,376 


1,108 
1,232 
1.268 
1.276 


2.220 
2,588 
2,632 
2,688 


2.820 
2,900 
2.980 
3.060 


348 
348 
352 
352 


-1.096 
-5.948 
-6,720 
-7.856 


-4.456 
-8.564 
-7.124 
-9.492 


-240 
628 

-424 
992 


1.116 

-148 
-1.396 
-1.020 


260 
-276 

-96 
-416 


1.640 
1.692 
1.816 
1.556 


584 
720 
504 
524 



1978 1 



7.268 



1,412 



2,416 



3,072 



368 



-8.996 



-11.660 



220 



200 



1.596 



640 



For source see Table 1.9. 



24 



July 1978 

1 -Income and expenditure accounts 

Table 1.8: Implicit price indexesi, gross national expenditure (1971 = 100.0) based on seasonally adjusted data 



Section 3-Tables 1.8 and 1.9 





Personal 


expenditure on consumer goods 


and services 








Gross fixed capital formation 






Government 

current 

expenditure 

on goods 

and services 


Total 




Government 




Year 
and 
quarter 


Total 


Durable 
goods 


Semi- 

durable 

goods 


Non- « 
durable 
goods 


Services 


Total 


Non- 
residential 
construction 


Machinery 

and 

equipment 


D 


40626 


40627 


40628 


40629 


40630 


40631 


40632 


40633 


40634 


40635 


1976 
1977 


147.1 
158.0 


129.6 

135.8 


134.7 
143.4 


154.5 
168.4 


153.8 
165.6 


178.1 
195.0 


164.6 
177.1 


163.7 
176.8 


168.6 
182.9 


140.3 
147.2 


1976 4 


150.1 


130.9 


137.2 


156.9 


158.6 


189 4 


168.4 


166.9 


172.2 


141.9 


1977 1 
2 
3 
4 


153.2 
156.8 
159.6 
162.6 


132.7 

135.1 
136.5 
138.8 


139.9 
142.4 
144.7 
146.6 


161.7 
166.2 
170.0 
175.6 


161.2 
164.7 
167 3 
169.0 


186.8 
192.8 
199 6 
200.9 


171.4 
175 6 
179.5 
182 


170.0 
175.3 
179.8 
181.6 


175.1 
181.6 

186.5 
187.9 


145.8 
145.6 
146.6 
150 6 



1978 1 



165.3 



140.5 



147.8 



179.9 



172.1 



204.5 



186 4 



182 7 



1887 



153.3 



Gross fixed capital formation 



Exports of 
goods and services 



Deduct: 

imports of 

goods and services 



Total 



Residential 
construction 



Non- 
residential 
construction 



Machinery 
& equipment 



Of which 
merchandise 



Of which: 
merchandise 



Gross 

national 
expenditure 



40639 



40640 



40641 



40625 



1976 
1977 

1976 4 

1977 1 
2 
3 
4 

1978 1 



164.8 
177.1 

168.7 

171.6 
175.6 
179.4 
182.1 

187 



190.6 
2056 

198 

199.9 
203.1 
2077 
212.3 

219.1 



163 2 
176.4 

167.0 

170.7 
175.7 
179 5 
179 6 

181.2 



1486 
159 3 

151.3 

154 8 
157.3 
161.2 
164 5 

171.1 



174.1 
186 9 

175.3 

181.8 
184.2 
190 6 
191.1 

195.5 



176 8 
188.8 

177.3 

183.7 
186 
192.8 
192.8 

197 6 



155.9 
174.2 

156.6 

166.2 
171.0 
177.9 
181.8 

188.2 



1580 
176.4 

157.8 

168 3 

173.2 
180.7 
183.7 

190.9 



160.4 

171.5 

165.1 

166.8 
170.4 
173.5 
175.0 

177.8 



iThese implicit indexes are current weighted price indexes They reflect not only pure price changes, but also changing expenditure patterns within and between maior groups. 
Quarter-to-quarter comparisons based on the seasonally ad|usted data are less subject to the problem ot shifting weights than are similar comparisons based on data unad- 
justed for seasonality, and therefore may be used as indicators of price change 
For source see Table 1.9. 

Table 1.9: Relation between gross national product at market prices and gross domestic product at factor cost (millions of dollars) 





Gross 

national 

product 

at market 

prices 




Deduct 




Add: 


Gross 

domestic 

product at 

factor cost 


Gross 

national 

product 

at market 

prices 




Deduct 




Add: 




Year 
and 
quarter 


Residual 
error of 
estimate 


Indirect 
taxes less 
subsidies 


Investment 
income 
received 
from non- 
residents 


Investment 
income 
paid 
to non- 
residents 


Residual 
error of 
estimate 


Indirect 
taxes less 
subsidies 


Investment 
income 
received 
from non- 
residents 


Investment 
income 
paid 
to non- 
residents 


Gross 

domestic 

product at 

factor cost 


D 
D 


40193 


40194 


40195 


40196 


40197 


40198 


40550 


40431 


40432 


40433 


40434 


40435 


1976 
1977 


191,492 
210,132 


-218 
394 


-21,269 

-23,679 


-1,601 
-1,651 


4,914 
6,098 


173,318 
191,294 















Unadjusted for seasonal variation 
1976 4 49.833 -1,003 



-5,601 



-416 



1,659 



Seasonally adjusted at annual rates 

44,472 198,184 -544 -21,960 -1,616 



5,368 



179,432 



1977 1 


47,312 


751 


-5,861 


-372 


1,277 


43,107 


202.852 


-520 


-23,084 


-1,640 


5,704 


183,312 


2 


50,935 


346 


-5,546 


-456 


1,511 


46,790 


207,956 


700 


-23,180 


-1,672 


6,020 


189,824 


3 


57,046 


185 


-5,957 


-401 


1,330 


52,203 


212,308 


864 


-23,636 


-1,652 


6.052 


193,936 


4 


54,839 


-888 


-6,315 


-422 


1,980 


49,194 


217,412 


532 


-24,816 


-1,640 


6.616 


198.104 



1978 1 



52,078 



906 



-6,478 



-396 



1,498 



47,608 



222,312 



244 



-25,244 



-1,732 



6,628 



202,208 



Source: National income and expenditure accounts (13-001), Statistics Canada. 



25 



Section 3-Table 2.1 

2- Domestic Product by Industry 

Table 2.1: Real domestic product by industry of origini, quarterly volume indexes (1971 = 100), 

based on the 1970 standard industrial classification 



July 1978 





Real 

domestic 

product 


Agriculture 


Forestry 


Fishing 

and 

trapping 


Mines 

(including 

milling), 

quarries 

and oil 

wells 


Manufac- 
turing 
industries 




Transportation, storage 
and communication 


Electric 

power, 

gas and 

water 

utilities 




Trade 






Con- 
struction 


Total 


Trans- 
portation 


Commun- 
ication 


Total 


Wholesale 
trade 


Retail 
trade 


Year 
and 














1971 industry 


weights 














quarter 


100000 


3.371 


.751 


.181 


3.819 


22.862 


6 990 


9096 


5874 


2964 


2816 


11.367 


4 509 


6858 


D 
D 


100328 

100441 


100329 
100442 


100330 
100443 


100331 
100444 


100332 
100445 


100342 
100455 


100398 
100511 


100399 
100512 


100400 
100513 


100408 
100521 


100395 
100508 


100409 
100522 


100410 
100523 


100412 
100525 


1976 
1977 


124.2 
127.8 


100.4 
964 


108.5 

119.7 


102.0 
112.3 


110.4 
114.1 


120.0 
123.7 


116.6 
113.5 


130.5 
136.3 


121.5 
125.8 


150.4 
159.4 


137.8 

146.1 


133.1 
134.4 


126.2 
126.4 


137.6 

139.7 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 4 



125.5 



27.4 



129.2 



77.3 



116.5 



121.2 



1195 



132.1 



121.3 



154.9 



1499 



1456 



125.2 



159.0 



1977 1 


121.3 


336 


118.1 


39.6 


115.4 


120 4 


96.5 


129.6 


118.1 


156.2 


166.4 


119.7 


120.2 


119.4 


2 


128.5 


883 


101.9 


103.3 


116 


127.1 


112 8 


138.4 


129 6 


157.7 


132.4 


1383 


133.4 


141.5 


3 


132.0 


221.8 


129.9 


2084 


109.3 


121.2 


130 3 


140.4 


131.7 


159.3 


125 8 


132.9 


126.8 


136.9 


4 


129.2 


41.8 ' 


129.1 


98.0 


115.7 


125 9 


114.7 


136.8 


123.7 


164 4 


159.7 


146.7 


125.0 


161.0 



1978 1 



123 9 



39.0 



114.5 



44.8 



107.1 



122.5 



894 



134.0 



121.1 



163.6 



183 9 



122.0 



121.4 



122.4 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 4 



125.7 



97.7 



116.2 



89.8 



112.1 



120 



115.0 



132.5 



1225 



154 6 



1455 



134.8 



125.5 



140.9 



977 1 


127.0 


943 


121.2 


83.1 


116.2 


1227 


115.3 


134.4 


124 


157 3 


1456 


1352 


127.3 


140.5 


2 


1273 


948 


121.0 


113.8 


116.4 


123.9 


114.8 


135.7 


126.0 


156.8 


1396 


132.6 


126.2 


136.8 


3 


127.8 


97.2 


121.1 


113.4 


113.2 


1238 


112.1 


137.7 


127.7 


159.5 


1446 


134.1 


126.4 


139.2 


4 


128.8 


97.7 


116.2 


114.7 


110.9 


124.4 


111.3 


1372 


125.1 


164.2 


153 2 


135.4 


125.5 


142.1 



1978 1 



129.7 



988 



116.8 



116.3 



107.7 



124 8 



1085 



139.9 



128.3 



165.3 



159 8 



137 9 



128.9 



143.8 





Finance, 

insurance 

and real 

estate 


Community 

business 

and 

personal 

services 


Public 

administration 

and 

defence 








Special industry groupings 










Index of 

industrial 

production 


Goods- 
producing 
industries 


Service- 
producing 
industries 


Commercial 
industries 


Commercial 

industries 

less 

agriculture 


Non 

commercial 

industries 


Non-durable 

manufacturing 

industries 


Durable 

manufacturing 

industries 


Year 
and 










1971 


industry weights 










quarter 


12036 


19359 


7 388 


29 497 


40.754 


59.246 


81 341 


77 970 


18659 


11 496 


11 366 


D 
D 


100422 
100535 


100423 
100536 


100430 
100543 


100431 
100544 


100433 
100546 


100435 
100548 


100436 

100549 


100437 

100550 


100438 
100551 


100439 
100552 


100440 
100553 


1976 
1977 


128.2 
134 6 


127.7 
132.4 


122.8 

1250 


120.5 

124.6 


117.8 
120.2 


128.6 
1329 


126 1 
130 1 


127.3 

131 5 


115.9 
117.6 


117.3 
1209 


122.7 
126.4 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 4 



131.2 



131.1 



121.9 



123 4 



114 6 



132 9 



127.1 



131 4 



118.3 



119.1 



123.2 



977 1 


132.3 


131 5 


123 


124 1 


111.4 


128 1 


121 8 


1256 


118 7 


116 7 


124.1 


2 


134.2 


1333 


125.5 


126 2 


120.2 


134.2 


1307 


1325 


119 2 


124 1 


1303 


3 


135.5 


129 4 


128 2 


120 1 


130 8 


1328 


136 4 


1327 


113.0 


120.5 


121.9 


4 


136 4 


1356 


123 4 


1278 


118 4 


1366 


131.4 


1353 


119 4 


122 4 


129.5 



1978 1 



137.1 



1370 



1233 



126 3 



112.2 



131 9 



1248 



1285 



120 



119 9 



125.1 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 4 



131.1 



130.1 



1242 



121.5 



118.1 



130 8 



1276 



1289 



117.1 



118.1 



122.1 



977 1 


1325 


130 8 


125.6 


1240 


119 9 


1319 


1292 


130 7 


117.5 


120 5 


125 


2 


1344 


131 8 


124 4 


124 4 


120 2 


132 1 


1296 


131.1 


117.5 


121 6 


126 3 


3 


135.3 


1326 


1246 


1244 


119.9 


133 3 


130.2 


131.7 


117 3 


120 8 


126.9 


4 


1363 


1348 


1256 


125.4 


120 5 


134 5 


131.2 


1326 


118 3 


121 2 


1277 



1978 1 



137.3 



136 4 



1257 



1259 



120 5 



136 1 



132.3 



1337 



118 7 



123.6 



1260 



lThe average of the monthly series may not equal the annual level due to rounding 

Sources: Indexes of Real Domestic Products by Industry (Including the Index of Industrial Production) (61-005) and Indexes of Real Domestic Product by Industry, 

1971 = 100, Occasional (61-510), Statistics Canada. 



26 



July 1978 

2-Domestic Product by Industry 

Table 2.2: Real domestic product by industry of origin, monthly volume indexes (1971 

based on the 1970 standard industrial classification 



Section 3-Table 2.2 



100), 







Real 

domestic 

product 


Agriculture 


Forestry 




Mines (including 
quarries and oil 


milling), 
wells 






Fishing 
and 
trapping Total 


Metal 
mines 


Mineral 
fuels 


Non-metal 

mines (except 

coal mines) 


Year 








1971 industry weights 








month 


100.000 


3.371 


.715 


.181 3.819 


1.584 


1.492 


363 




D 
D 


100215 
100554 


100216 
100555 


100217 
100556 


100218 100219 
100557 100558 


100220 
100559 


100224 
100563 


100227 
100566 


1976 
1977 




124.2 
127.8 


100.4 
96.4 


108.5 
119.7 


102 110.4 
112.3 114.1 


108 3 
112.0 


111.8 
114.2 


118.1 
130.3 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 M 
J 
J 
A 

s 
o 

N 
D 

1977 J 

F 
M 
A 
M 
J 
J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 

1978 J 

F 
M 
A 



126.5 


132.1 


794 


116.3 


113 4 


117.7 


109.1 


114.7 


125.0 


4.5 


90.2 


140.7 


109.5 


107 9 


111.4 


101.3 


119.6 


28.0 


116.0 


217.7 


100 5 


978 


102 


96.9 


121.4 


24.2 


124.4 


195.4 


105.4 


107.3 


102.3 


100.4 


146.5 


6604 


137.6 


140.2 


113.7 


118.8 


105.6 


126.9 


125.4 


176 


128.8 


118.0 


118.6 


117.5 


117.1 


136.0 


126.8 


35.2 


1343 


55.4 


116.7 


110 


119.7 


138.8 


124.2 


29.4 


124.4 


58.4 


114.1 


102.9 


127.1 


128.5 


118 7 


37.7 


102.7 


193 


113.2 


111.5 


116.1 


132.1 


122.1 


35.5 


120.8 


35.1 


117.1 


114.4 


120.5 


138.6 


123.1 


27.7 


130 8 


64.4 


115.8 


113.2 


119.3 


131.6 


127.6 


139.2 


99.6 


589 


109.2 


105.9 


109.1 


128.5 


129.1 


123.3 


89.1 


86.3 


118.2 


121.8 


110.8 


135.1 


128 9 


23 


116 9 


1648 


120.5 


120.8 


117 


135.1 


123 3 


368 


118.7 


2395 


104.5 


10b 8 


996 


98.5 


124.9 


30.9 


137.5 


2290 


112.4 


111.4 


109.5 


125.0 


147.9 


597.7 


133.5 


156.8 


110 9 


108.2 


106 5 


137.4 


129.5 


34.0 


128.1 


136.4 


113.7 


110.0 


109.0 


146.5 


130.5 


51.3 


132.5 


799 


118.4 


112.0 


123.5 


134.9 


127.5 


40.0 


126 6 


77.7 


115.1 


105.4 


129.7 


119.8 


120.2 


41.7 


91 3 


35.1 


103.1 


95.0 


110.9 


119.8 


125.8 


44.5 


127.0 


56.6 


110.4 


1045 


116.9 


125.7 


125.7 


30.8 


125.2 


42.6 


1078 


100.8 


114.1 


123.8 


131.6 


148.6 


101.2 


81.3 


993 


882 


105.0 


122.6 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 M 

J 
J 

A 

s 

O 
N 
D 

1977 J 
F 
M 
A 
M 
J 
J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 

1978 J 

F 
M 
A 



124 5 


103.5 


992 


114 6 


112.3 


110 4 


115.8 


111.2 


123.8 


998 


980 


1008 


109.1 


107.2 


113.8 


99.5 


124.1 


99.3 


114.9 


103.1 


105.0 


102 4 


105.9 


113.1 


124.9 


99.5 


117.6 


99.7 


109.4 


111.2 


106.2 


118.5 


124.4 


98.4 


117.6 


998 


113.6 


117.1 


108.3 


129.6 


125.0 


98.1 


114.5 


110.5 


113 9 


112.3 


114.1 


129.9 


125.8 


98.6 


116.4 


87.1 


112.1 


106.8 


115.6 


125.4 


126.2 


96.4 


117.7 


71.8 


1102 


998 


118.7 


126.4 


126.9 


94.5 


120.0 


600 


114 4 


114 6 


112.2 


134.6 


126.9 


93.8 


116.1 


78.3 


117.6 


116.2 


118.2 


133.8 


127.2 


94.6 


127.6 


111.0 


116.5 


116.6 


116.7 


124.5 


127.0 


93.5 


125.3 


110.2 


113.5 


112 8 


113.2 


122.7 


127.4 


95.0 


116.0 


113.5 


116.6 


114.0 


117.5 


130.1 


127.5 


96.0 


121.8 


117.8 


119.0 


118.9 


119.0 


129.0 


127.2 


96.5 


119.7 


113.1 


111.1 


114.2 


104.0 


129.6 


128.3 


98 2 


126.6 


116.0 


116.9 


115.9 


114.5 


140.8 


128.0 


97.0 


117.0 


111.2 


111.5 


106.7 


110.7 


140.6 


128.3 


97.4 


114.0 


117.2 


109.0 


105.1 


106.0 


139.7 


129.0 


97.1 


115.0 


118.5 


112.2 


104 4 


119.6 


122.4 


129.0 


98.6 


119.7 


108.4 


111.6 


104.2 


119.8 


118.6 


128.7 


98.5 


115.9 


113.3 


105.7 


101.6 


107.0 


122.0 


130.4 


99.9 


117.6 


128.6 


109.3 


103.6 


114.3 


120.2 


130.0 


97.9 


116.9 


107.1 


108 


102.8 


112.0 


117.2 


130.5 


994 


121.8 


123.1 


100 2 


868 


109.4 


115.9 



27 



Section 3-Table 2.2/Continued 

2— Domestic Product by Industry 

Table 2.2: Real domestic product by industry of origin, monthly volume indexes (1971 = 100), 

based on the 1970 standard industrial classification 



July 1978 















Manufacturing industries 














Total 


Food and 
beverages 
industries 


Tobacco 

products 

industries 


Rubber 

& plastic 

products 

industries 


Leather 
industries 


Textile 
industries 


Knitting Clothing 
mills industries 


Wood 
industries 


Furniture 

and fixture 

industries 


Paper and 

allied 

industries 


Printing 

publishing. 

and allied 

industries 


Primary 

metal 

industries 


Year 
and 












1971 


industry weights 












month 


22862 


3254 


.212 


.650 


.206 


.756 


.205 .742 


968 


420 


1.878 


1.123 


1 976 


D 

D 


100229 
100568 


100230 
100569 


100239 
100578 


100240 
100579 


100242 
100581 


100243 
100582 


100244 100245 
100583 100584 


100246 
100585 


100249 
100588 


100250 
100589 


100252 
100591 


100253 

100592 


1976 
1977 


120.0 
123.7 


111.6 
115.1 


115.3 
120 3 


145.6 
163.3 


101.8 
90.0 


110.5 
108.6 


99.8 113.0 
92.3 110.7 


129.5 
139.3 


116.3 
104.5 


113.3 

116.5 


115.1 
114.9 


105.4 

114.4 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 M 


123.9 


114.3 


126.5 


144.1 


108.7 


109.5 


102 3 


112.4 


132.5 


115.1 


119 7 


117.6 


112.1 


J 


126.7 


123.7 


126.9 


149.9 


109.8 


107.3 


100.0 


112.2 


134.3 


114.2 


121 6 


119.5 


108.7 


J 


111.7 


117.5 


53.9 


116.2 


77.6 


102.4 


960 


109.0 


116.8 


112.0 


1128 


109.3 


90.8 


A 


118.6 


122 2 


108 4 


128.1 


102.2 


109 4 


98.8 


116.4 


125.7 


116.2 


121.4 


111.0 


987 


S 


123.8 


121.0 


120.2 


159 7 


105.3 


110.8 


966 


115 


133.7 


119.1 


116 5 


116.6 


104.7 


O 


122.8 


1 15.6 


111.5 


160.7 


105.6 


109.7 


97.7 


113.3 


137.4 


118.0 


123.6 


121.6 


99.5 


N 


124 6 


112.3 


125.2 


167.3 


102.1 


111.4 


94.3 


107.8 


133.2 


117.7 


117.7 


122.3 


108.1 


D 


116.2 


103.3 


103.7 


154.2 


83.7 


109 5 


91.6 


105.1 


127.0 


113.9 


109.9 


120 3 


982 


1977 J 


115.9 


98.1 


128 8 


154.1 


94.0 


107.3 


92.9 


108 3 


138.8 


108 4 


111.5 


105.6 


109.6 


F 


121.3 


103.9 


130.6 


172.2 


98.3 


105.1 


94.5 


111.4 


146.4 


107.7 


118.4 


112.0 


113.3 


M 


123.9 


105.3 


134 


170.9 


950 


105.7 


932 


110.9 


146.9 


106.0 


116.2 


117.1 


120.3 


A 


125.1 


111.8 


127.8 


173.7 


93.6 


106 2 


91.3 


110.6 


144.0 


102.6 


118 


118.8 


114.1 


M 


125 2 


115.2 


121.4 


164 4 


88.9 


107 


926 


109 9 


135.3 


100 9 


116 8 


119.6 


116.4 


J 


131.1 


126.2 


133.1 


177 


93.3 


108 9 


927 


111.2 


142.5 


100.2 


119.9 


118.9 


123.0 


J 


115.9 


121.8 


45.8 


129.0 


679 


1039 


909 


107.8 


122.0 


962 


109 5 


105.1 


103.5 


A 


119.9 


126.9 


112.6 


140.4 


91 6 


110.2 


93.5 


115.0 


132.9 


103 6 


115.2 


110.0 


110.7 


S 


127.8 


124.8 


130.3 


167 9 


91.2 


113.0 


92.4 


113.7 


144.9 


105.3 


1135 


115.4 


120.1 


O 


130.0 


121.7 


133.2 


179.6 


948 


113.4 


946 


114.4 


1473 


107.7 


124.1 


119.2 


116.5 


N 


1284 


116.8 


143.2 


168.3 


95.3 


112.6 


909 


109.1 


140.5 


108.4 


120 


120.6 


121.3 


D 


119.4 


108.7 


102.2 


162 1 


76.5 


110.2 


883 


106.1 


130 4 


106 9 


114.5 


116.6 


104.0 


1978 J 


116.0 


100.3 


119.1 


154.6 


83.7 


108.9 


864 


109.7 


132.2 


100.7 


117.7 


102.9 


114.4 


F 


1250 


107 2 


135.9 


183 1 


102 3 


110.5 


89.5 


115.7 


149.2 


103.4 


124 4 


112.4 


126 4 


M 


126.5 


108.6 


138.1 


172 8 


102 


1111 


87.8 


112.6 


149.4 


103.6 


124.3 


118.0 


129.4 


A 


129.4 


113.3 


131.8 


188 


105 3 


1108 


88.5 


110 


1496 


102.4 


129 1 


119.6 


128.0 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 M 


122.3 


112.7 


119.5 


150.2 


105 


109 4 


100 8 


112 6 


126.7 


117.6 


122.6 


114.0 


110 1 


J 


120 2 


112 6 


122 


1428 


104.5 


106.3 


100.3 


113.0 


125.7 


115.8 


116.2 


115.0 


1028 


J 


120.3 


110.2 


112 7 


149.3 


101.3 


1074 


100.2 


115 7 


129 9 


117 


118.4 


117.5 


100.8 


A 


121.2 


109.3 


119.2 


150.5 


102.2 


1085 


99.0 


114 8 


1288 


115 3 


120 9 


1156 


111.4 


S 


119.8 


110 6 


112.5 


146.7 


102.8 


106 8 


962 


113 


133.0 


115.2 


115.4 


115.7 


103 5 


O 


118.4 


111.6 


100.8 


153.3 


101.4 


106 3 


95.1 


110.1 


141 1 


112 5 


119.2 


1159 


99.1 


N 


120.3 


111.0 


107.1 


153.1 


958 


108 8 


93.2 


107 8 


140.2 


112.0 


116.1 


115 9 


103 


D 


121.4 


111.4 


1246 


154.4 


952 


110 2 


930 


108 3 


142.1 


112 4 


113.1 


117.4 


103.4 


1977 J 


122.9 


113 7 


125.3 


164 4 


968 


109.0 


945 


1087 


1475 


111.4 


117.4 


117.9 


110.5 


F 


122.0 


114 8 


118.6 


1576 


90.6 


106 9 


938 


108 6 


1356 


109 4 


118 5 


116 3 


1085 


M 


123.2 


1148 


118.9 


1627 


904 


1075 


92.7 


109 


134.5 


106 9 


115 6 


115.0 


114 8 


A 


123 3 


115 7 


116.6 


170.6 


905 


107.9 


90.9 


110 9 


1324 


105 4 


114 6 


1164 


110.1 


M 


124.0 


115.7 


114.7 


170.7 


86.7 


106 9 


91.2 


110.2 


129.0 


103 2 


118 8 


115.7 


114 6 


J 


124 4 


114.8 


119.7 


168 9 


889 


107 9 


930 


112.1 


133 4 


101.7 


116 9 


114.3 


1164 


J 


123.7 


114.7 


117.5 


164 


88.3 


108 8 


949 


114 3 


135 


100 5 


115 1 


113.1 


115.2 


A 


123.8 


114.2 


122.8 


164.1 


91.2 


109 3 


93.7 


113 4 


138 6 


102 8 


114.4 


114.9 


121 7 


S 


124.0 


114.9 


122.2 


160 3 


892 


108 8 


92.1 


1119 


1449 


101 9 


112 1 


114.5 


1194 


O 


1245 


116.7 


120.5 


166 3 


90.1 


1100 


92.1 


111.3 


1487 


1026 


1172 


113 6 


116.1 


N 


124.4 


116.2 


122.5 


154.8 


904 


109 9 


899 


109 2 


147.8 


103 1 


118 4 


1143 


115.4 


D 


124.4 


116.9 


122.7 


157.7 


87.1 


1110 


89.7 


109 5 


1463 


105 5 


118 


113 8 


1099 


1978 J 


123.1 


117.6 


118.2 


164 1 


86.2 


110 6 


87.9 


110 1 


141.2 


103 5 


120 2 


1148 


115.1 


F 


125.5 


119.6 


122 3 


168.7 


91 4 


112.2 


888 


1127 


139.1 


1050 


124 4 


1166 


1206 


M 


1258 


118 5 


122.6 


165.1 


94.0 


113 


874 


110.7 


136 4 


104 5 


123 6 


115 8 


1236 


A 


127.3 


117.9 


120 3 


182.1 


98.5 


112.5 


880 


110.3 


137.2 


105 1 


125.2 


117.2 


1233 



28 



July 1978 

2- Domestic Product by Industry 

Table 2.2: Real domestic product by industry of origin, monthly volume indexes (1971 = 100), 

based on the 1970 standard industrial classification 



Section 3-Table 2.2/Continued 











Manutactunng 


industries 








Construction 
industry 


Transportation, storage & comr 






Metal 

fabricating 

ind. (ex 

mach. & 

transp. 

equip, ind. 


Machineries 

ind. (ex. 

electrical 

machinery 


Trans- 
portation 
equipment 
industries 


Electrical 

products 

industries 


Non- 
metallic 
mineral 
products 
industries 


Petroleum 
and coal 
products 

industries 


Chemical 

and chem. 

products 

industries 


Miscel- 
laneous 

manufac- 
turing ( 

industries 


nun 




Total 


Transp 


Storage 


Commun. 


Year 












1971 


industry we 


ghts 












month 


1.887 


1.008 


2.571 


1.631 


905 


.394 


1.363 


.713 


6 990 


9096 


5.874 


.258 


2.964 


D 
D 


100258 
100597 


100259 
100598 


100260 
100599 


100266 
100605 


100271 
100610 


100275 
100614 


100276 
100615 


100281 
100620 


100285 
100624 


100286 
100625 


100287 
100626 


100293 
100632 


100295 
100634 


1976 
1977 


128.2 

129.5 


137.0 
139.7 


131.2 
137.2 


113.7 
109.0 


121.3 
128.8 


127.1 
132.9 


133.1 
147.5 


117.8 
113.5 


1166 
113.5 


130.5 
136.3 


121.5 
125.8 


104.6 
110.1 


150.4 
159.4 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 M 


128.7 


137.0 


143.4 


112.2 


130.5 


124.2 


140.7 


117.3 


114.9 


132.3 


124.1 


110.2 


150.6 


J 


130.9 


137.5 


1462 


114.5 


140.0 


138.6 


1402 


122.1 


127.3 


131.9 


122.1 


117.7 


152.4 


J 


124.0 


132.8 


101.7 


101.0 


129.7 


135.4 


125.1 


112.2 


130 1 


135 5 


128.8 


125.4 


149.6 


A 


128.5 


132.4 


119.1 


107.2 


139.0 


1284 


120.5 


115.5 


133.3 


135.7 


129.1 


999 


152.1 


S 


131.7 


136 4 


133.7 


120.7 


136.3 


113.2 


131.2 


121.2 


127.2 


135.6 


127.4 


119.5 


153.2 


O 


131.3 


138.5 


124.2 


116.7 


141.4 


117.0 


138.5 


122.7 


132.1 


133.4 


123.6 


123.9 


153.7 


N 


132.4 


141.4 


140.1 


117.8 


136.0 


133.6 


137.2 


118.8 


122.8 


133.9 


122 6 


123.5 


157.2 


D 


126.6 


140.8 


125.0 


110.1 


101.8 


137.2 


132.3 


121.7 


103.5 


129.0 


117.8 


98.5 


153.9 


1977 J 


125.0 


139.3 


131.4 


104.6 


89.0 


137.6 


134.2 


107.5 


94.8 


126.1 


113.9 


82.3 


154.1 


F 


127.5 


1409 


136.3 


108.7 


100.0 


139 


145.8 


112.4 


98.2 


130.4 


118.2 


87.7 


158.1 


M 


128.3 


141.6 


147.1 


106.0 


107.9 


135.3 


150.2 


117.1 


96.4 


132.3 


122.3 


839 


156.5 


A 


128.1 


138.6 


149.7 


106.5 


120.1 


119.9 


157.2 


116.3 


101.9 


135.1 


126.0 


107.6 


155.6 


M 


128.2 


138.0 


147.1 


103.2 


139.2 


130.0 


156.3 


114.0 


111.5 


137.9 


128.9 


120.4 


157.4 


J 


131.8 


140.7 


153.7 


111.4 


151.3 


1409 


156.5 


118.0 


124.9 


142.2 


133.9 


126.7 


160 2 


J 


123.6 


136.3 


119.5 


96.7 


139.2 


135.1 


137.8 


110.2 


127.3 


139.6 


132.3 


1269 


155.3 


A 


130.1 


138.8 


102.9 


101.4 


142.3 


139 9 


143.5 


114.6 


131.9 


140.8 


1322 


116.5 


159.9 


S 


135.4 


143.2 


133.4 


122.3 


1486 


116.1 


147.9 


116.0 


131.6 


140 8 


1307 


121.6 


162 6 


O 


134.7 


140.7 


145.7 


118.2 


156 


119.5 


149.7 


115.3 


131.3 


138.8 


127.2 


129.1 


162.7 


N 


133.9 


139.8 


148.3 


116.8 


142.4 


138.5 


148.1 


110.2 


116.7 


137.9 


124.7 


119.3 


165.5 


D 


127.5 


137.9 


131.8 


112.5 


109.0 


143.1 


1426 


110.2 


96.0 


133.6 


119 3 


98.7 


165.0 


1978 J 


123.4 


134.4 


128.7 


99.6 


90.3 


135.1 


147.8 


97.5 


86.4 


130.1 


116.7 


86.0 


160.5 


F 


128.0 


138.0 


138.8 


107.8 


105.0 


1358 


161.1 


102.4 


91.4 


134.9 


121.8 


83.7 


165.5 


M 


130.1 


139 4 


147.4 


105.4 


110.6 


124.2 


159.9 


107.5 


90.5 


136.9 


124.7 


96.2 


164.7 


A 


129.9 


138.9 


152.8 


108.5 


126 5 


114.8 


166 4 


106.7 


99.4 


141.0 


128.7 


109.6 


168.1 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 M 


129.0 


136.2 


135.3 


115.9 


126.1 


131.9 


134.6 


116.8 


120.1 


130.0 


121.3 


102.0 


149.6 


J 


127.8 


136.3 


134.4 


113.6 


120 6 


134.5 


132.8 


117.1 


118.1 


126 3 


115.4 


104.4 


149.9 


J 


129.3 


137.1 


133.6 


111.4 


121.0 


128.5 


134.9 


116.6 


115.8 


131.8 


123 8 


105.4 


150.0 


A 


129.2 


136.8 


135 3 


112.7 


120.8 


124.2 


131.8 


116.1 


113.3 


133.3 


125.0 


1136 


151.6 


S 


128.0 


136.9 


134.4 


112.1 


116.9 


118.1 


133.2 


117.4 


106.2 


133.7 


124.7 


108.9 


153.6 


O 


127.1 


138 7 


116.2 


110.9 


121.4 


122.7 


136.4 


117.8 


113.6 


132.0 


122 3 


105.6 


153.6 


N 


128.1 


140.1 


131.2 


110.3 


123.2 


128.2 


135.6 


119.0 


114.8 


133.1 


122.9 


108 2 


155.3 


D 


128.2 


141.1 


137.5 


109.1 


122.2 


129.6 


137.2 


120.3 


116.7 


132.3 


122.4 


96.6 


154.9 


1977 J 


128.5 


139.5 


133.9 


109.5 


122.2 


134.1 


140.0 


117.6 


115.4 


133.6 


122.8 


97.6 


158.0 


F 


129.2 


139 3 


133.4 


107.2 


121.6 


138.0 


142.2 


117.0 


115.5 


134.7 


124.0 


116.4 


157.6 


M 


129.1 


139 


138 4 


107.6 


127.8 


135.1 


144.2 


116.2 


115.1 


134.9 


125.2 


108.0 


156.4 


A 


129.3 


136 9 


137.5 


110.2 


131.9 


130.6 


148.4 


115.9 


114.0 


135.4 


125.4 


117.3 


156.7 


M 


128.4 


137.2 


138.5 


111.3 


134.1 


135.4 


148.6 


113.4 


115.8 


135.7 


126.3 


111.0 


156.3 


J 


128.6 


139.5 


139.4 


113.1 


131.5 


134.1 


150.1 


113.3 


114.7 


136.1 


126.4 


112.1 


157.5 


J 


129.2 


140.8 


139.7 


109.8 


129.0 


130.9 


147.7 


114.4 


113.8 


136.2 


127.0 


112.2 


156.6 


A 


130.8 


143.4 


130.4 


108.6 


124.0 


133.5 


152.6 


115.4 


112.1 


138.0 


128.0 


123.7 


159.2 


S 


131.5 


143.6 


134 6 


109.0 


128.1 


126.7 


151.7 


112.6 


110.5 


139.0 


128 2 


113.6 


162.6 


O 


130.4 


140.7 


136.6 


107.0 


132.8 


125.3 


149.6 


111.1 


112.8 


137.3 


126.0 


109.0 


162.3 


N 


129.5 


138.4 


140.7 


107.2 


130 4 


131.2 


149.1 


110.4 


111.2 


137.4 


125.7 


104.0 


163.6 


D 


129.8 


138.1 


143.5 


108.2 


131.1 


134.9 


147.9 


108.9 


109.9 


137.0 


123.7 


96.7 


166.8 


1978 J 


127.3 


134.8 


132.2 


105.8 


127.6 


132.6 


150.9 


105.6 


107.1 


138.8 


127.0 


101.9 


165.3 


F 


129.2 


136.5 


134.5 


106.4 


129.3 


136.3 


153.5 


106.2 


108.8 


140.5 


129.0 


110.7 


165.9 


M 


130.0 


136.9 


139.0 


106.2 


128.5 


130.5 


154.9 


106.9 


109.7 


140.4 


128.8 


125.8 


164.8 


A 


130.6 


137.1 


1405 


112.3 


133.4 


127.8 


156.6 


106.3 


111.9 


139.8 


126.6 


119.2 


167.8 



29 



Section 3-Table 2.2/Continued 

2— Domestic Product by Industry 

Table 2.2: Real domestic product by industry of origin, monthly volume indexes (1971 = 100), 

based on the 1970 standard industrial classification 



July 1978 







Electric 
power gas 
and water 

utilities 




Trade 




Finance. 

insurance, 

and real 

estate 




Community, business and personal services 








Total 


Wholesale 
trade 


Retail 
trade 


Total 


Education Health & 

& related Weltare 

services services 


Amusement 
and rec. 
services 


Services 
to business 
management 


Personal 
services 


Accom. 
and food 
services 


Year 












1971 industry 


weights 












month 


2.816 


11.367 


4.509 


6.858 


12036 


19 359 


6509 5.272 


.427 




2.311 


1.000 


2799 






D 


100282 

100621 


100296 
100635 


100297 

100636 


100299 
100638 


100309 
100648 


100310 
100649 


100311 100312 
100650 100651 


100313 
100652 




100314 
100653 


100315 
100654 


100316 
100655 


1976 
1977 




137.8 
146.1 


133.1 
134 4 


126 2 
126.4 


137.6 
139.7 


128.2 
134.6 


127.7 
132.4 


108.3 129.5 
109.5 133.1 


159.8 
170 8 




176.0 
190.6 


107.3 
107 


131.3 
139.7 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 M 


128.9 


137.9 


134.3 


140.3 


127.0 


128.4 


113.5 


128.9 


155.7 


172.6 


108.0 


128.6 


J 


121.9 


144.8 


139.9 


148.1 


128.3 


130 2 


109.9 


129.7 


187.0 


175.6 


108.8 


140.4 


J 


116 6 


130 3 


123.5 


134.7 


128.5 


121.8 


82.4 


130.6 


202.9 


178.4 


106.9 


140.5 


A 


118.4 


129.0 


120.7 


134.5 


128.8 


121.4 


78.0 


130.5 


189.5 


181.4 


106.1 


147.3 


S 


120.3 


137.1 


133.9 


139.2 


129.8 


131.1 


109.7 


130.1 


161.3 


182.5 


106.2 


145.0 


O 


136.3 


137.4 


129.9 


142.3 


130.5 


131.5 


115.3 


130.2 


157.6 


181.6 


106.5 


135.3 


N 


149.7 


142.3 


128.8 


151.2 


131.3 


132.6 


118.7 


130.5 


155 


183.0 


106.1 


133.5 


D 


163.8 


157.2 


117.0 


183.6 


131.9 


129.2 


114.4 


130.7 


147.4 


179.6 


106.1 


• 124.5 


1977 J 


177.1 


112.8 


109.1 


115.3 


131.7 


1295 


114.9 


130.9 


1464 


181 5 


106.7 


123.4 


F 


168.7 


120.5 


123.5 


118.6 


132.3 


131.8 


116.7 


131.2 


149.7 


186.1 


106.9 


130.2 


M 


153.3 


125 9 


128.1 


124.4 


132.9 


133.1 


118.2 


131.7 


150.6 


188.5 


105.9 


133.1 


A 


142.2 


133.7 


128.3 


137.2 


132.9 


132.7 


116.9 


132 2 


162.3 


186.8 


107.1 


130.6 


M 


129.4 


140 1 


135.9 


142.9 


134.2 


132.9 


114.6 


132.9 


178.2 


186.9 


108.2 


133.2 


J 


125.6 


141.1 


136.1 


1443 


135.5 


134 2 


109 3 


134.0 


188.6 


188 5 


108.6 


149.4 


J 


124.3 


1302 


123.7 


134.4 


135.5 


126.4 


84.4 


134.4 


197.2 


192.2 


106.3 


148.7 


A 


125.7 


1307 


121.5 


136.8 


135 9 


126.3 


78.9 


1343 


198 4 


196 8 


106.6 


155.5 


S 


127.4 


137.8 


135.2 


139.5 


135.1 


135.4 


110.3 


133 9 


178 6 


193 9 


106.6 


153.1 


O 


141.3 


135.9 


1278 


141.3 


135.7 


136.1 


116.5 


133.9 


174 8 


194 5 


107.5 


142.9 


N 


157.7 


145.3 


127.8 


156.8 


136.7 


137.4 


119.6 


1340 


166 5 


197.2 


106 9 


143.2 


D 


180.0 


158 9 


119.3 


184 9 


136.9 


133.4 


114.1 


134.3 


157.9 


194.1 


106.3 


133.1 


1978 J 


190.6 


1133 


110.4 


115.2 


136.4 


134.6 


117.0 


134.4 


158.7 


195 8 


107.7 


132.4 


F 


190.5 


1255 


128.3 


123.7 


1372 


137.5 


119.2 


1350 


162.6 


2003 


107.6 


141.0 


M 


170.6 


127.1 


125.4 


128.3 


137.6 


138.9 


120 3 


135.5 


160.8 


205.1 


107.3 


143.6 


A 


153.3 


1398 


132.2 


144.8 


137.2 


1380 


1190 


135.8 


166 4 


201.6 


107.3 


142.2 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 M 


136 2 


131.0 


124 8 


135 1 


127.3 


126 8 


107.9 


129 1 


151.0 


173.3 


107.7 


130.6 


J 


1366 


134.0 


127.8 


138.1 


128 


127.1 


107.6 


128 9 


163.6 


174.5 


1078 


130 6 


J 


137.2 


132 5 


124 9 


137.5 


127.9 


127.7 


108.1 


129.0 


171.7 


177.2 


1069 


130 2 


A 


137.8 


134 


126.0 


139.3 


128 7 


128.3 


108 4 


129 5 


1653 


179 2 


106.3 


132.4 


S 


136.7 


133.5 


125.3 


139.0 


129 6 


129 


108.6 


129 9 


160.6 


180.9 


106 5 


1342 





1438 


134.4 


125.6 


140.1 


130 4 


129 7 


109 6 


1303 


160.9 


181 9 


106 5 


1350 


N 


145.3 


1342 


125 6 


139.9 


131.1 


1304 


110 3 


1309 


163.6 


182.9 


106.4 


1358 


D 


147.4 


1358 


125 4 


142.7 


131.9 


1303 


1103 


131.2 


164 8 


183 3 


106.5 


134.2 


1977 J 


150.2 


136.1 


127.0 


142.1 


132.3 


130.0 


108.5 


131.4 


161.9 


183 


106 3 


137.1 


F 


145.6 


1353 


127.8 


140.2 


132.5 


130 9 


108.9 


131.7 


163 


186 8 


107.0 


138.3 


M 


141.1 


134.3 


127.1 


139.1 


132.8 


131.5 


110.1 


132.3 


165.0 


1876 


106 2 


137.5 


A 


139.7 


133.1 


126 6 


137.4 


133.7 


132.1 


110.3 


133 


173.2 


187 3 


107 2 


1385 


M 


138 3 


133.3 


126 7 


1377 


1345 


131.7 


109 9 


133.1 


172.9 


187 7 


107.9 


136.3 


J 


140.8 


131.4 


1254 


135 4 


135.1 


131 5 


108 8 


133 1 


1650 


187 4 


107.7 


138 1 


J 


143.0 


132.5 


1258 


136.9 


134.8 


131.7 


108 4 


133.1 


1670 


190 8 


106 4 


137.8 


A 


1454 


135.2 


126 8 


1408 


1358 


132 8 


108.9 


1332 


172.1 


194 4 


106 8 


139.5 


S 


145.3 


134.7 


126 6 


139.9 


135.3 


133.4 


109 8 


1337 


176.1 


193 7 


106 9 


141.0 


O 


1478 


133 6 


125.1 


139 3 


135.5 


134.2 


110.6 


1340 


1783 


194 8 


1074 


1426 


N 


153.2 


136.4 


1244 


144.3 


136 5 


135.4 


111.8 


1344 


175.6 


1970 


107 1 


145.4 


D 


158.6 


1363 


126 9 


1426 


136 9 


1348 


1 10 


134.7 


178 4 


198 1 


106 7 


143.6 


1978 J 


161.4 


137.0 


128.3 


142.8 


1370 


135.3 


110.4 


135.0 


175 6 


197 4 


1073 


1473 


F 


160 5 


139 8 


130 9 


145.5 


1374 


1368 


111.6 


1356 


177.1 


201 1 


107.7 


149.7 


M 


157.5 


1369 


127.4 


143.1 


137.6 


137.0 


112.1 


136.1 


176.1 


202.0 


107 6 


148.4 


A 


153.2 


1384 


129.4 


144.4 


1379 


1375 


112.3 


136.5 


177.6 


202.2 


1075 


150 8 



30 



July 1978 

2-Domestic Product by Industry 

Table 2.2: Real domestic product by industry of origin, 

based on the 1970 standard industrial classification 



Section 3-Table 2.2/Concluded 



monthly volume indexes (1971 = 100), 







Public 

admin, 

and defence 










Special industry groupings 












Index of 

industrial 

production 


Real 

domestic 

product less 

agriculture 


Goods- 
producing 
industries 


Goods- 

praducing 

md less 

agriculture 


Service- 
producing 
industries 


Commercial 
industries 


Commercial 

ind. less 

agriculture 


Non- 
commercial 
industries 


Non-durable 

manufacturing 

industries 


Durable 

manufacturing 

industries 


Year 










1971 


industry weigh 


s 










month 


7.388 


29497 


96629 


40.754 


37 383 


59.246 


81 341 


77.970 


18.659 


11 496 


11.366 




D 

D 


100317 
100656 


100318 
100657 


100319 
100658 


100320 
100659 


100321 
100660 


100322 

100661 


100323 
100662 


100324 
100663 


100325 
100664 


100326 
100665 


100327 
100666 


1976 
1977 




122.8 
125.0 


120.5 
124.6 


125.1 
128 8 


117.8 
120.2 


119.4 
122.4 


128.6 
132.9 


126.1 
130.1 


127.3 

131.5 


115.9 
117.6 


117.3 
120.9 


122.7 
126.4 



Unadjusted for season variation 



1976 M 


123.5 


123.0 


126.3 


121.6 


120.6 


129.9 


128.5 


128 3 


117.9 


120.3 


127.4 


J 


127.0 


124.0 


129 2 


114.2 


124.1 


132.5 


126.6 


131.8 


118.4 


124.3 


129.1 


J 


128.9 


110.7 


122.8 


107.8 


114.9 


127.8 


121.9 


125.9 


109.8 


113.3 


110.1 


A 


128.3 


116.9 


124 8 


112.5 


1205 


1274 


124.4 


128.8 


108.0 


118.7 


118.6 


S 


124.3 


122.1 


128.6 


167 9 


123.5 


131.8 


153.3 


131.3 


117.2 


121.2 


126.4 


O 


122 


123 6 


129.1 


116.3 


125.2 


131.5 


127.0 


131.8 


118.1 


122.1 


123.5 


N 


122.3 


126.0 


130.0 


117.7 


125.2 


133.1 


128.6 


132 6 


119.4 


120.7 


128.4 


D 


121.4 


120.5 


127.5 


109.8 


117.1 


134.1 


125.8 


129 9 


117.4 


114.6 


117.8 


1977 J 


121.7 


121.4 


121.5 


109.1 


115.6 


125.3 


118.9 


122.4 


117.6 


112.1 


119.8 


F 


123.4 


125.3 


125.1 


112.7 


119.7 


128.5 


122.8 


126 5 


118.9 


118.4 


124.2 


M 


123.9 


1256 


126.4 


112.3 


120.0 


130 4 


1238 


128.0 


119.7 


119 6 


128.3 


A 


122.5 


124.7 


127.2 


121.2 


119.6 


132.0 


129 6 


129 2 


118.8 


122.1 


128.2 


M 


124.7 


124.7 


129 3 


121.5 


121.4 


1343 


131.4 


131.7 


119.2 


122.3 


128.2 


J 


129.2 


1292 


133.3 


117.9 


128.3 


136.4 


131.0 


136.6 


119.5 


127.8 


134.4 


J 


129.8 


115.2 


126.3 


111.4 


118.1 


131.4 


126.0 


129 9 


111.4 


115.2 


116.5 


A 


129.2 


119.5 


128.2 


115.1 


122.7 


131.7 


128.6 


132.8 


109.1 


122.4 


117.5 


S 


1256 


125.6 


132.2 


165 9 


1270 


135 4 


154.6 


135 5 


118.4 


123.8 


131.8 


O 


124.0 


129 


132.8 


121.6 


129.5 


134.9 


131.7 


135.9 


119.6 


126.2 


133.9 


N 


123.2 


129 9 


133.3 


121.0 


127.3 


137.1 


132.9 


136 4 


120.3 


123.5 


133.3 


D 


122.9 


124.6 


130.5 


112.5 


119.1 


137.7 


129.6 


133.5 


118.2 


117.6 


121.2 


1978 J 


122.3 


121.4 


122.9 


107.9 


113.9 


128.7 


120.5 


123.9 


118.9 


114.1 


117.9 


F 


123.3 


129.3 


1287 


115.5 


121.9 


132.9 


127.1 


130.7 


120.1 


122.8 


127.2 


M 


124.3 


128 3 


129.0 


113.3 


120.7 


134.2 


126.8 


130 9 


121.0 


122.7 


130.3 


A 


124.2 


127 8 


131.1 


124 


121.8 


136 9 


1342 


133.6 


120.6 


126.0 


132.8 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 M 


122.2 


122.3 


125.2 


120.0 


121.5 


127.6 


126.6 


1276 


115.5 


119.6 


125.0 


J 


122.3 


120.3 


124.6 


117.8 


119.4 


1279 


125.7 


1268 


115.4 


1180 


122.4 


J 


122.9 


119.9 


124.9 


117.4 


119.0 


128.7 


126.0 


127.2 


115.7 


118.3 


122.4 


A 


123 8 


121.3 


125.8 


118.0 


119.6 


129.7 


126.9 


128 .1 


116.2 


117.9 


124.6 


S 


124.2 


1206 


125.3 


116.1 


117.7 


130.1 


126.2 


127.4 


116.6 


116.8 


122.8 


O 


123.8 


120.3 


125 9 


117.1 


118.9 


130 3 


126.9 


128.1 


116.7 


1182 


118.7 


N 


124.5 


121.7 


126.8 


118.3 


120.1 


131.0 


127.7 


129.0 


117.4 


117.7 


123.0 


D 


124.3 


122.4 


127.3 


119.0 


121.0 


131.2 


128.3 


129.7 


117.3 


118.3 


124.5 


1977 J 


124 9 


124.4 


128.0 


120.0 


122.3 


131.5 


129.1 


130.6 


116.9 


120.6 


125.3 


F 


125.7 


123.7 


128.1 


119.5 


121.8 


132 


129.1 


130.6 


117.4 


120.5 


123.5 


M 


126.2 


124 


128.4 


120.1 


122.3 


132.2 


129.3 


130.8 


118.2 


1203 


126.1 


A 


125.0 


123.6 


128.2 


119.5 


121 8 


132.2 


129.1 


130.7 


117.9 


121.4 


125.3 


M 


123.9 


124.4 


128 5 


120.3 


122.6 


132.2 


129.7 


131.2 


117.4 


121.8 


126 2 


J 


124.4 


125.3 


128.6 


120.9 


123.2 


132.0 


129 9 


131.4 


117.1 


121.5 


127.3 


J 


123.9 


123.9 


128.2 


119.8 


121.9 


132.2 


129.5 


130.9 


116.9 


120.7 


126.8 


A 


124.7 


124.9 


129.4 


120.5 


122.5 


133.7 


130.8 


1323 


117.2 


121.4 


126.1 


S 


125.3 


124.4 


129.1 


119.5 


121.6 


133.9 


130.4 


131.8 


117.9 


120.3 


127.7 


O 


125.6 


124.7 


129.3 


120.2 


122.3 


133.8 


130.6 


132.0 


118.2 


121.5 


127.6 


N 


125.5 


125.5 


130.1 


120.5 


122.6 


134.9 


131.4 


132.9 


118 6 


120.9 


127.8 


D 


1256 


126.0 


130.1 


120.8 


1228 


134.7 


131.5 


1329 


118.1 


121.1 


127.7 


1978 J 


125.7 


124.5 


129.8 


119.2 


121.1 


135.3 


131.2 


132.6 


118.2 


122.1 


124.2 


F 


125 4 


126.7 


131.4 


121.3 


123 2 


136 6 


133.1 


134.5 


118.7 


124.7 


126.2 


M 


126.0 


126.5 


131.2 


121.0 


123.1 


136.3 


132.5 


134.0 


119.3 


123.9 


127.6 


A 


1266 


126.2 


131.6 


121.5 


123.5 


136.8 


133 


134.5 


119.6 


125.2 


129.4 



31 



Section 3-Table 3.1 

3— Balance of international payments 

Table 3.1: Canadian balance of international payments, current account, all countries (million dollars) 



July 1978 





Total 
current 
receipts 


Total 

current 

payments 


Current 
account 
balance 


Goods and services' 




Merchandise trade2 




Service transactions 




quarter 


Receipts Payments 


Balance 


Exports Imports 


Balance 


Receipts Payments 


Balance 


D 

D 


50525 
60525 


50550 
60550 


50555 
60555 


50503 50541 
60722 60723 


50558 
60724 


50501 50526 
60501 60526 


50551 
60551 


50502 50544 
60710 60714 


50556 
60718 



1976 
1977 



47,171 
54,181 



50,972 
58,331 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 4 



12,244 



13,185 



-3,801 
-4,150 



-941 



45,685 
52,716 



11,841 



49,997 
57,232 



12,950 



-4,312 
-4,516 



-1,109 



38,132 
44,628 



10,094 



36,793 
41,712 



9,420 



1,339 
2,916 



674 



7,553 
8,088 



1,747 



1978 1 13,574 14,991 

Adjusted for seasonal variation 

1976 4 12,114 12,988 



-1,417 



-874 



13,241 



11,741 



14,637 



12,734 



-1,396 



-993 



11,594 



9,841 



10,606 



9,320 



988 



521 



1.647 



1.900 



13,204 
15,520 



3,530 



4,031 



3,414 



-5,651 
-7,432 



-1,783 



977 1 


12,184 


13.713 


-1,529 


11,866 


13,438 


-1,572 


10,311 


9,823 


488 


1,555 


3,615 


-2,060 


2 


14,200 


1 5,435 


-1,235 


13,797 


15,128 


-1,331 


11,619 


11,229 


390 


2,178 


3,899 


-1,721 


3 


13,454 


14,001 


-547 


13,097 


13,754 


-657 


10,627 


9,869 


758 


2,470 


3,885 


-1,415 


4 


14,343 


15,182 


-839 


13,956 


14,912 


-956 


12,071 


10,791 


1,280 


1,885 


4,121 


-2,236 



-2.384 



-1,514 



1977 1 


13,202 


14,018 


-816 


12.823 


13,746 


-923 


10,881 


10,045 


836 


1.942 


3.701 


-1,759 


2 


13,296 


14,534 


-1,238 


12,927 


14,258 


-1,331 


10,848 


10,414 


434 


2.079 


3.844 


-1,765 


3 


13,487 


14,780 


-1,293 


13,124 


14,520 


-1,396 


11,116 


10.579 


537 


2,008 


3.941 


-1,933 


4 


14,196 


14,999 


-803 


13,842 


14,708 


-866 


11,783 


10,674 


1.109 


2,059 


4,034 


-1,975 



1978 1 



14,903 



15,540 



-637 



14,509 



15,193 



-684 



12,456 



11.073 



1.383 



2,053 



4.120 



-2.067 



Year 




Travel 




Interest and dividends 


Freight and shipping 


Other 


service transactions 


With- 
holding 


quarter 


Receipts 


Payments 


Balance 


Receipts Payments 


Balance 


Receipts Payments Balance 


Receipts 


Payments 


Balance 


tax3 


D 
D 


50506 
60506 


50531 

60531 


50718 
60554 


50508 50533 

60508 60533 


50719 
60556 


50512 50537 50720 
60512 60537 60557 


50516 
60711 


50545 
60715 


50721 
60719 


50722 
60727 



1976 
1977 



1,930 
2,025 



3,121 
3,666 



-1,191 
-1.641 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 4 



281 



574 



-293 



825 
820 



210 



3,297 
4,300 



1,186 



-2,472 
-3,480 



-976 



2,071 
2,278 



551 



2,219 
2.346 



575 



-148 
-68 



-24 



2,727 
2,965 



705 



4,063 
4,674 



1,037 



1978 1 



516 



987 



-471 



223 



1,162 



-939 



577 



582 



737 



1.227 



-1.336 
-1.709 



-332 



-490 



-504 
-534 



-158 



977 1 


192 


1,032 


-840 


160 


861 


-701 


487 


490 


-3 


716 


1,110 


-394 


-122 


2 


542 


894 


-352 


243 


1,013 


-770 


622 


641 


-19 


771 


1,198 


-427 


-153 


3 


979 


1,101 


-122 


199 


949 


-750 


566 


606 


-40 


726 


1.133 


-407 


-96 


4 


312 


639 


-327 


218 


1,477 


-1,259 


603 


609 


-6 


752 


1,233 


-481 


-163 



1978 1 204 1,122 -918 191 1.051 -860 520 508 12 732 1.218 -486 -132 

Adjusted for seasonal variation 

1976 4 468 772 -304 204 923 -719 533 554 -21 695 1.046 -351 -119 



977 1 


485 


903 


-418 


192 


967 


-775 


544 


563 


-19 


721 


1.120 


-399 


-148 


2 


528 


915 


-387 


205 


1,055 


-850 


577 


586 


-9 


769 


1.159 


-390 


-129 


3 


492 


974 


-482 


210 


1,070 


-860 


572 


610 


-38 


734 


1.153 


-419 


-134 


4 


520 


874 


-354 


213 


1,208 


-995 


585 


587 


-2 


741 


1,242 


-501 


-123 



-162 



32 



July 1978 

3-Balance of international payments 

Table 3.1: Canadian balance of international payments, current account, all countries (million dollars)/concluded 



Section 3-Tables 3.1 to 3.2 



Year 




Transfers 




Inheritances 


and migrants' 


kinds 


Personal and 


institutional 


remittances 


With- 
holding 
tax3 


Official 


quarter 


Receipts 


Payments 


Balance 


Receipts 


Payments 


Balance 


Receipts 


Payments 


Balance 


contributions 


D 
D 


50517 
60712 


50546 
60716 


50557 
60720 


50515 
60515 


50540 
60540 


50723 
60558 


50518 
60713 


50547 
60717 


50724 
60721 


50716 
60726 


50725 
60709 



1976 
1977 



1.486 
1.465 



975 
1,099 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 

1976 4 403 235 



511 
366 



168 



727 
635 



178 



181 
205 



46 



546 
430 



132 



255 
296 



67 



339 
355 



86 



1978 1 333 354 

Adjusted for seasonal variation 
1976 4 373 254 



-21 



127 



47 



80 



74 



92 



1977 1 
2 
3 
4 

1978 1 



379 272 

369 276 

363 260 

354 291 



394 



347 



47 



158 



51 



107 



74 



92 



-84 
-59 



-19 



•18 



-18 



504 
534 



158 



132 



162 



-455 
-539 



-103 



1977 1 


318 


275 


43 


128 


45 


83 


68 


89 


-21 


122 


-141 


2 


403 


307 


96 


173 


49 


124 


77 


88 


-11 


153 


-170 


3 


357 


247 


110 


185 


58 


127 


76 


89 


-13 


96 


-100 


4 


387 


270 


117 


149 


53 


96 


75 


89 


-14 


163 


-128 



-215 



119 


187 


46 


141 


67 


86 


-19 


119 


-122 


107 


163 


49 


114 


68 


89 


-21 


148 


-134 


93 


163 


51 


112 


77 


88 


-11 


129 


-137 


103 


153 


52 


101 


76 


89 


-13 


134 


-119 


63 


156 


53 


103 


75 


89 


-14 


123 


-149 



-204 



lAs used in national income and expenditure accounts. 2Trade of Canada figures with certain valuation, coverage and timing ad|ustments appropriate tor Balance of Payments. 
3Tax withheld on service payments and income distribution to non-residents. 



Table 3.2: Canadian balance of international payments, current account, area distribution! (million dollars) 







United Stales 








United Kingdom 






All 


other countries 












Merchan- 










Merchan- 










Merchan- 




Year 






Current 


dise 


Non-mer- 






Current 


dise 


Non-mer- 






Current 


dise 


Non-mer- 


or 


Total 


Total 


account 


trade 


chandise 


Total 


Total 


account 


trade 


chandise 


Total 


Total 


account 


trade 


chandise 


quarter 


receipts 


payments 


balance 


balance 


balance? 


receipts 


payments 


balance 


balance 


balance2 


receipts 


payments 


balance 


balance 


balance2 


D 


3907 


3908 


3909 


3910 


3911 


3912 


3913 


3914 


3915 


3916 


3917 


3918 


3919 


3920 


3921 


1976 


29,842 


33,827 


-3,985 


531 


-4,516 


2,959 


2,283 


676 


727 


-51 


13,866 


14,358 


-492 


81 


-573 


1977 


35,653 


39,587 


-3,934 


1,693 


-5,627 


3,191 


2,718 


473 


633 


-160 


14,803 


1 5,492 


-689 


590 


-1,279 


1976 4 


7,682 


8,932 


-1,250 


176 


-1,426 


764 


614 


150 


173 


-23 


3,640 


3,481 


159 


325 


-166 


1977 1 


8,069 


9,319 


-1,250 


292 


-1,542 


714 


566 


148 


160 


-12 


3,279 


3,706 


-427 


36 


-463 


2 


9.233 


10,664 


-1,431 


-86 


-1,345 


810 


688 


122 


165 


-43 


4,004 


3,930 


74 


311 


-237 


3 


8,740 


9,171 


-431 


577 


-1,008 


822 


741 


81 


157 


-76 


3,796 


3,993 


-197 


24 


-221 


4 


9,611 


10.433 


-822 


910 


-1,732 


845 


723 


122 


151 


-29 


3,724 


3,863 


-139 


219 


-358 



1978 1 



9,207 



9,995 



-788 



1.002 -1.790 



823 



713 



110 



134 



-24 



3,412 



4,151 



-739 



-148 



-591 



lExcludes withholding tax. 2|ncludes service transactions and transfer balances 



33 



Section 


3-Table 


3.3 
























July 


1978 


3-Balance of international payments 
























Table 3.3: Canad 


ian balance of 


international payments, 


capital 


account,! 


. all countries (million 


dollars) 


















Canadian 


stocks 




Trade in outstanding Canadian bonds 






New issues of Canadian bonds 






Direct investment 




























Year 


Trade 
in out- 


New 


Retire- 




Govern- 
ment of 


Pro- 


Munici- Corpo- 




Govern- 
ment of 


Pro- 


Munici- 


Corpo- 




or 


In 






quarter 


Canada 


Abroad 


standing 


issues 


ments 


Total 


Canada? 


vincial? 


pal ration 


Total 


Canada2 


vincial? 


pal 


ration 


Total 


D 


50560 


50564 


50576 


50586 


50587 


50585 


65001 


65002 


65003 65004 


65000 


65006 


65007 


65008 


65009 


65005 


1976 


-295 


-555 


-79 


87 


-48 


-40 


404 


66 


-18 117 


569 


92 


4,691 


826 


3,394 


9.003 


1977 


410 


-790 


-91 


26 


-33 


-98 


225 


31 


-13 56 


299 


190 


2,938 


370 


2,254 


5,752 


1976 4 


-69 


-170 


-50 


7 


-8 


-51 


29 


-15 


-12 15 


17 


29 


885 


148 


884 


1.946 


1977 1 


145 


-165 


-18 


2 


-19 


-35 


5 


-22 


-3 2 


-18 


18 


626 


115 


588 


1,347 


2 


200 


-130 


29 


2 


-7 


24 


69 


31 


-5 22 


117 


28 


753 


64 


567 


1.412 


3 


5 


-255 


-29 


13 


- 


-16 


49 


27 


-2 19 


93 


96 


1,183 


90 


526 


1,895 


4 


60 


-240 


-73 


9 


-7 


-71 


102 


-5 


-3 13 


107 


48 


376 


101 


573 


1,098 


1978 1 


175 


-335 


-21 


2 


-2 


-21 


-87 


-35 


-8 16 


-114 


66 


479 


35 


798 


1,378 






















Government 


of 




























Canada loans 


and 












Retirements of Canadian bonds 






Fore 


ign securities 


subscriptions 






















Total 














Other 


Total 


Year 


Govern- 












Trade 










long- 


or 


ment of 




Pro Mu 


nic- Corpo- 


Canadian 


in out- 


New Reti re- 




Repay- 


Export 


long- 


term 


quarter 


Canada? 


vincial2 


ipal 


ration 


Total 


bonds 


standing 


issues ments 


Advances 


ments 


credits 


term 


capital 



50624 & 
50626 



50632 



50650 



1976 
1977 


-147 
-109 


-321 
-310 


-109 
-99 


-303 
-335 


-880 
-853 


8.692 
5.198 


62 

175 




-37 
-22 


60 

80 


-410 
-556 


18 
34 


-263 
-532 


642 
447 


7,874 
4,346 


1976 4 


-73 


-68 


-18 




-73 


-232 


1,731 


-51 




-20 


16 


-126 


9 


-72 


117 


1.314 


1977 1 
2 
3 

4 


-1 
-49 
-59 


-90 
-96 
-64 
-60 


-20 
-28 
-10 
-41 


: 


15 
12 

-42 
-66 


-226 

-285 
-175 
-167 


1,103 
1,244 
1,813 
1,038 


18 
78 
44 
35 




-5 
-5 
-4 
-8 


4 

3 

8 

65 


-187 
-45 
-79 

-245 


1 
33 


-111 

-162 

29 

-288 


160 
56 

169 
62 


927 
1,264 
1,714 

441 


1978 1 


-7 


-103 


-21 




-47 


-178 


1,086 


49 




-6 


4 


-103 


- 


-164 


-12 


673 




Resident h 

of 

foreign cu 


oldmgs 
































rrency 


Govern- 

Cana- ment 

dian $ demand 

jeposits liabilities 


Non-resident holdings of 

Other 

finance 

Finance company 

Treasury company obli- 

bills paper gations 


Com- 
mercial 
paper 


Other 
paper 


All other 
trans- 
action s3 


Total 
short- 
term- 
capital 


Net 

capital 

move 

ment 


Allo- 
cation of 
special 
drawing 
rights 


Offii 

mone 

mover 

in the 1 


:ial 




Chartered 
bank net 
foreign 
currency 
position 
with 
non-resi- 
dents 


Non- 
bank 
holdings 
ot 
foreign 
cur- 
rencies 
abroad < 


'tary 
nents 
orm of: 


Year 

or 

quarter 


Official 
inter- 
national 
reserves 


Official 
monetary 
liabilities 


D 


50659 


50660 


50652 


50654 




50656 


30668 50676 


50667 


50669 


50686 


50688 


50689 


50710 


50713 


50714 


1976 
1977 


-942 

1,384 


-230 
-497 


152 
225 


7 
172 




698 
242 


20 45 
37 -59 




286 
109 


188 
252 


-178 
-823 


46 

824 


7.920 
5.170 


- 


522 

-1.421 


- 


1976 4 


717 


-126 


321 


58 




52 


162 137 




12 


191 


377 


1.901 


3.215 


- 


20 


- 


1977 1 
2 
3 
4 


-173 

1,201 

-367 

723 


-183 

-152 

-25 

-137 


-73 

393 

-167 

72 


72 
-29 

-17 
146 




146 
-27 
88 
35 


9 31 

18 -5 

-102 -126 

112 41 




87 
181 

82 
-97 


-47 

21 

107 

171 


-343 
99 

-616 
37 


-474 

1.338 

-1.143 

1.103 


453 
2,602 

571 
1.544 


- 


-766 

-12 

-352 

-291 


- 



1978 1 



713 



52 



-104 



-26 



-49 



111 



-49 



-115 



-118 



-872 



-457 



216 



-750 



-844 



1A minus sign, except for official monetary movements, indicates an outflow of capital from Canada 2lncludes guaranteed issues 3includes changes in loans and accounts 
receivable and payable 

Sources for above tables: Quarterly Estimates of the Canadian Balance of International Payments (67-001). The Canadian Balance of International Payments (67-201) 
annual, and Security Transactions with Non-Residents (67-002) monthly, Statistics Canada. 



34 



Section 4 ■ Labour 

36 1 . Wages and Salaries, by Province 

37 2. Wages and Salaries by Industry and Supplementary Labour Income, Canada 

38 3. Labour Force Characteristics of the Population 15 years of Age and Over 

4. Selected Labour Force Series by Sex and Main Age Group 

39 4.1 Employed 

40 4.2 Unemployed 

41 4.3 Participation Rates 

42 4.4 Unemployment Rates 

5. Labour Force Characteristics, by Province 

43 5.1 Labour Force 

44 5.2 Employed 

45 5.3 Unemployed 

46 5.4 Participation Rates 

47 5.5 Unemployment Rates 

48 6. Unemployment Insurance Statistics 

48 7. Help Wanted Index 
8. Job Vacancies 

49 8.1 Job Vacancies 

49 8.2 Job Vacancy Rates 

50 8.3 Vacancies for Full-Time Jobs 

50 8.4 Vacancies for Full-Time Jobs Unfilled for at Least a Month 

51 9. Time Lost in Work Stoppages, by Industry Groups 

52 10. Employment Indexes, by Industrial Division 

53 11. Employment Indexes, Industrial Composite by Province 

54 12. Employment Indexes, by Manufacturing Industry 

54 13. Average Weekly Wages and Salaries, by Industrial Division 

55 14. Average Weekly Wages and Salaries, by Manufacturing Industry 

55 15. Average Weekly Wages and Salaries, by Province / 

56 16. Average Hourly Earnings 

57 17. Average Weekly Hours 



35 



Section 4-Table 1 

Table 1: Wages and salaries, by province based on the 1960 standard industrial classification (million dollars) 



July 1978 



Year 




Prince 




















and 


Newfound- 


Edward 




New 








Saskatch- 




British 




month 


land 


Island 


Nova Scotia 


Brunswick 


Quebec 


Ontario 


Manitoba 


ewan 


Alberta 


Columbia 


Canada! 


D 


5226 


5227 


5228 


5229 


5230 


5231 


5232 


5233 


5234 


5235 


5225 


D 


5237 


5238 


5239 


5240 


5241 


5242 


5243 


5244 


5245 


5246 


5236 


1976 


1,520 


281 


2,599 


2,098 


25,115 


41,147 


4,101 


2,985 


8,273 


11,882 


100,340 


1977 


1,643 


312 


2,859 


2,273 


27,484 


45,658 


4,419 


3,346 


9,604 


13,335 


1 1 1 ,326 


Unadjusted 


for seasonal 


variation 




















1976 M 


123.1 


23.2 


215.9 


172.4 


2,261.0 


3,389.1 


338.0 


250.3 


677.1 


987.4 


8,465.9 


J 


132.6 


24.1 


223.7 


182.3 


2,305.3 


3,492.3 


349.0 


255.9 


696.5 


1,013.6 


8,705.3 


J 


138.2 


27.1 


228.9 


185.3 


2,020.8 


3,496.6 


358.7 


248.7 


713.3 


972.6 


8,420.0 


A 


136.2 


26.3 


222.3 


183.7 


1,994.5 


3,497.0 


354.7 


257.4 


715.6 


989.6 


8,405.2 


S 


140 


25.9 


226.3 


187.3 


2,072.8 


3,570.1 


362.2 


270.8 


737.3 


1,018.7 


8,641.5 





132.6 


24.5 


224.1 


180.6 


2,291.6 


3,607.4 


358.0 


266.1 


732.5 


1,047.0 


8,894.4 


N 


130.3 


24.3 


226.4 


181.0 


2,159.0 


3,593.6 


353.0 


2645 


737.8 


1,058.9 


8,758.2 


D 


130.2 


23.4 


224.7 


181.3 


2,364.4 


3,605.8 


352.0 


265.4 


739.9 


1,047.5 


8,962.7 


1977 J 


123.1 


22.5 


216.7 


175.0 


2,145.4 


3.494.5 


3429 


253.3 


731.9 


1.038.9 


8.573.4 


F 


123.6 


22.7 


218.8 


173.8 


2,163.4 


3,550.4 


344.3 


255.8 


746.2 


1,039.2 


8,6679 


M 


129.5 


22.7 


222.3 


181.1 


2,203.4 


3,618.8 


350.3 


262.9 


753.3 


1,079.0 


8,853.9 


A 


132.5 


23.5 


226.5 


177.8 


2,214.5 


3,673.7 


353.2 


2684 


767.5 


1,082.3 


8,950.1 


M 


136.2 


< 26.1 


2340 


184.9 


2,291.8 


3,783.9 


367.4 


278.8 


784.9 


1,099.6 


9,220.4 


J 


145.8 


27.6 


244.1 


197.2 


2,361.7 


3,933.7 


383.6 


2994 


8206 


1,137.7 


- 9.587.7 


J 


146.4 


28.9 


248.8 


200.6 


2,266.1 


3,867.7 


381.3 


284.1 


831 


1.138.2 


9.427.5 


A 


144.8 


29.2 


247.8 


200.3 


2,286.0 


3,894.2 


378.2 


285.6 


829.6 


1.108.1 


9.439.2 


S 


142.2 


28.3 


249.9 


199 2 


2,396.5 


3,964 1 


3848 


296.4 


840.3 


1,170.8 


9,7096 


O 


143.2 


27.2 


250.4 


197.2 


2,407.3 


3,982.0 


384.7 


292.1 


841.9 


1.170.8 


9,730 6 


N 


140.3 


27.1 


249.0 


193 7 


2,381.8 


3,954.2 


376.2 


2884 


829.0 


1.1497 


9.620.8 


D 


1357 


26.0 


250.6 


192.5 


2,366.6 


3,940.4 


372.6 


280.3 


827.7 


1.120.8 


9,544.8 


1978 J 


134.1 


24.6 


240.4 


186 8 


2,340.2 


3,8354 


364.5 


2704 


817.8 


1,116.3 


9.361.5 


F 


133.6 


24.7 


242.3 


189 3 


2.356.6 


3,902.4 


367.1 


273.6 


820.2 


1,124.0 


9,465.9 


M 


131.8 


25.2 


240.7 


191.0 


2.371.7 


3,948.1 


373.4 


278.2 


8307 


1,156.2 


9.581.7 


A 


130.8 


26.3 


247.5 


189 7 


2,4070 


3,994.0 


375.8 


2872 


8339 


1.178.6 


9.705.1 


Adjusted for seasonal variation 




















1976 M 


124.4 


22.9 


215.5 


173.3 


2,228.0 


3.362.9 


3365 


247.7 


678 1 


971 7 


8.3892 


J 


126.1 


22.5 


2166 


173 5 


2,235.4 


3.406.3 


340.1 


244.2 


679.1 


9796 


8.452.1 


J 


130.1 


24.6 


221.1 


175.4 


2.0477 


3,466.5 


349.9 


244.8 


6948 


967 5 


8.351.4 


A 


129.2 


23.8 


2153 


174.1 


2,024.5 


3,4760 


3470 


2526 


7022 


997 8 


8.370.1 


S 


134 


24.0 


219.9 


179.3 


2,026.9 


3,500.6 


353 1 


261 1 


719.7 


9929 


8.440.4 





128.1 


23.6 


221.1 


176.8 


2,240.8 


3.539.0 


3502 


2580 


717.5 


1.027 7 


8.712.2 


N 


129.4 


24.7 


225.9 


180.8 


2,144.0 


3.571.1 


352.7 


263.0 


7337 


1.055.3 


8.710.0 


D 


134.6 


24.6 


2270 


187.5 


2,391.7 


3.6475 


360.1 


270.8 


755.4 


1.076 1 


9,104 5 


1977 J 


130.4 


24.5 


225.3 


183 


2.181 6 


3.583.6 


354.2 


265.9 


754 9 


1.075.4 


8.8093 


F 


131 6 


25.1 


228.3 


184.4 


2.206.8 


3,649.1 


357.3 


2682 


7678 


1.067.9 


8.917 6 


M 


136.2 


25.1 


2309 


190 1 


2,243 7 


3,704.2 


360 1 


273.6 


774.2 


1.084.6 


9.054.2 


A 


139 9 


25.4 


2325 


186.3 


2.241.8 


3.720.7 


359.8 


275.0 


7846 


1.085.4 


9.0820 


M 


137.4 


258 


2336 


185 9 


2.254.7 


3.756 7 


3656 


275.5 


786.5 


1.082.2 


9.136.4 


J 


138.6 


25.8 


236.6 


187 8 


2,281.8 


3.8347 


373.8 


285.5 


800.2 


1,100.1 


9.2996 


J 


137.9 


26.1 


2404 


189 9 


2,294.9 


3.831 3 


371 2 


2805 


8095 


1,132.6 


9.347.8 


A 


137.5 


26.4 


2402 


189.8 


2,318.5 


3,864 1 


369.5 


2808 


8134 


1.1177 


9.3930 


S 


135.9 


26.2 


2429 


190 6 


2.3466 


3,887.2 


3746 


284.9 


8198 


1.1433 


9.487.7 


O 


138.4 


26.2 


246.7 


193.1 


2,352.4 


3,909.7 


3759 


2833 


824.4 


1,149.9 


9,533.3 


N 


139.4 


27.6 


248 1 


193.6 


2,367.0 


3,931.8 


376.2 


286.8 


8244 


1.145.8 


9.572.0 


D 


140.2 


27.4 


253.3 


198 9 


2.394 9 


3.9847 


381.1 


285.9 


8444 


1.1505 


9,6943 


1978 J 


141 6 


26.7 


2494 


194 9 


2.3749 


3.925.1 


375.8 


283 1 


841 6 


1.152.5 


9.5980 


F 


141.7 


27.3 


251.9 


200.4 


2,397.8 


4.001 3 


380.2 


286 .1 


841 7 


1.1525 


9,714.3 


M 


138.4 


27.8 


2495 


199.9 


2,408.8 


4.031 6 


3832 


288.7 


852.1 


1.1595 


9.775.1 


A 


1380 


28.4 


2536 


198.4 


2.432.1 


4.0365 


382.4 


293.4 


851.0 


1.1905 


9.8390 



1 Includes Yukon, North West Territories and Canadian residents abroad 
Source: Estimates of Labour Income (72-005), Statistics Canada. 



36 



July 1978 

Table 2: Wages and Salaries by Industry, and Supplementary Labour Income, Canada, 

based on the 1960 standard classification (million dollars) 



Section 4-Table 2 















Trans- 




























portation, 




Finance, 




Publicl 


Total 


Supple- 




Year 












communi- 




insurance 




admin. 


wages 


mentary 


Total 


and 








Manu- 


Con- 


cation and 




and real 




and 


and 


labour 


labour 


month 


Agnculture2 


Forestry 


Mining 


facturing 


struction 


. utilities 


Trade 


estate 


Service 


defence 


salaries 


income 


income 


D 


5249 


5252 


5253 


5254 


5255 


5256 


5257 


5260 


5261 


5266 


5248 


5271 


5247 


D 


5274 


5277 


5278 


5279 


5280 


5281 


5282 


5285 


5286 


5291 


5273 


5296 


5272 



1976 
1977 

Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 M 


78.2 


81.1 


205.8 


1,904.4 


721.5 


8422 


1,125.2 


509.0 


2,262.7 


735.7 


8,465.9 


669.9 


9,135.8 


J 


91.5 


101.0 


208.9 


1,952.2 


790.1 


8777 


1,151.6 


5228 


2,233.6 


776.0 


8,705.3 


687.7 


9,393.0 


J 


110.8 


108 2 


215.6 


1,930.5 


761.9 


932.8 


1,135.0 


5262 


1,9057 


793.3 


8.420.0 


6635 


9,083.5 


A 


120 2 


112.4 


215.0 


1,942.3 


769.3 


9003 


1,126.3 


521.2 


1,912.7 


785.6 


8,405.2 


661.1 


9,066.3 


S 


114.7 


116.7 


216.9 


1,954.0 


717.0 


942.5 


1,139.2 


527.9 


2.131.0 


781.4 


8,641.5 


679.3 


9,3207 


O 


89.1 


110.2 


220.9 


1,944.9 


783.6 


901.2 


1,173.2 


533.1 


2.3477 


790.4 


8,894.4 


6996 


9,594.1 


N 


70.2 


103.7 


226.2 


1,966 4 


773.3 


905.9 


1,202.4 


533.6 


2,195.1 


781 4 


8,758.2 


6876 


9,445.9 


D 


61.4 


92.2 


231.0 


1,975.0 


679.3 


955.6 


1,253.4 


543.0 


2,3448 


827.0 


8,962.7 


704.4 


9,667.1 


1977 J 


50.7 


84.0 


230.2 


1,943.4 


616.5 


8984 


1,165.0 


551.3 


2,266 1 


767.6 


8,5734 


680.6 


9,254.0 


F 


51.2 


87.2 


229.0 


1,969.0 


629.1 


911.5 


1.163 4 


562.4 


2,278.9 


786.2 


8,667.9 


687.0 


9,354.9 


M 


62.0 


79.2 


237.0 


2,0039 


661.1 


945.4 


1,169.5 


578.7 


2.303.9 


813.2 


8,8539 


701.1 


9,555.0 


A 


70.9 


72.1 


231.7 


2,017.9 


706.4 


943.1 


1,189.6 


573.4 


2.330.1 


814.9 


8,950.1 


705.6 


9.655.7 


M 


86.6 


92.0 


240.1 


2,063.8 


7894 


959.2 


1,209.0 


5829 


2,362.3 


835.1 


9,2204 


725.3 


9.945.7 


J 


108 1 


112.3 


250.9 


2,134.0 


850.8 


9903 


1,234 3 


5983 


2,426.2 


882.5 


9,587.7 


753.2 


10.341.0 


J 


132.1 


113.8 


255.4 


2,111.5 


869 2 


1,008.7 


1,205.5 


597.1 


2,232.8 


901 5 


9,427.5 


740.8 


10.168.3 


A 


147.5 


105.3 


253.1 


2,138.2 


893.6 


1,001.8 


1,207.9 


593.8 


2,218.3 


879.8 


9,439.2 


741.5 


10.180.7 


S 


131.5 


122.0 


244.3 


2,156.1 


896.9 


1.004.9 


1,218.7 


603.0 


2,453.4 


878.8 


9,709.6 


763.4 


10,473.0 


O 


107.7 


121.4 


248.6 


2,163.3 


896.2 


1.001.2 


1,246.9 


6060 


2,483.2 


856 1 


9,730.6 


765.3 


10,495.9 


N 


86.0 


112.1 


249.4 


2,151.0 


808.0 


9938 


1,253.3 


612.3 


2,490.3 


864.6 


9.6208 


758.1 


10,378.9 


D 


79.2 


104 9 


2479 


2,114.9 


710.4 


976.0 


1,311.5 


616.9 


2,496 2 


8869 


9,544.8 


752.0 


10,296.8 


1978 J 


573 


94.4 


253.1 


2,099.3 


618.2 


9884 


1,243.6 


629.3 


2,501 8 


8760 


9,361 5 


7668 


10.1283 


F 


586 


97.8 


255.0 


2,152.9 


634.2 


9937 


1,244.1 


6304 


2,5243 


874.9 


9,465.9 


775.3 


10.241.2 


M 


70.8 


91.9 


2488 


2,184.0 


640 2 


9936 


1,263.3 


641.1 


2,550.9 


897 1 


9,581.7 


784.5 


10,366.2 


A 


80.0 


83.5 


239.5 


2,208.1 


692.6 


1,012.8 


1,280.6 


639.6 


2,570.6 


8978 


9,705. 1 


794.8 


10,499 9 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 

M.C.D. 2 5 



1976 M 


799 


87.7 


206.0 


1,894.1 


710.1 


8355 


1.117.3 


5036 


2,218.3 


735.7 


8,388.3 


6624 


9,050.7 


J 


77.3 


91.0 


2045 


1,908.3 


727.2 


854.4 


1,126.1 


512.1 


2,182.6 


754.0 


8,437.4 


667.3 


9.104.6 


J 


78.4 


966 


212.8 


1,923.5 


684.1 


9033 


1,135.8 


517.9 


2,041.0 


760 1 


8,353.5 


657.7 


9,011.2 


A 


77.5 


98.5 


213.0 


1,916.7 


677.7 


8779 


1.143.0 


523.8 


2,080.4 


7693 


8,377.9 


658.9 


9,036.8 


S 


844 


100.5 


218.2 


1.917.9 


6186 


930.8 


1,148.1 


532.7 


2,108.7 


778.7 


8,4385 


6643 


9,102.8 


O 


82.6 


97.1 


221.5 


1,912.3 


684.2 


899.4 


1,162.0 


5389 


2,307.7 


801 9 


8,707 7 


687.2 


9,394.8 


N 


81.9 


98.8 


225.2 


1,960.4 


740.0 


9139 


1,181.1 


541.6 


2,166.5 


793.6 


8.703 


686.1 


9,389.2 


D 


82.1 


103.1 


2324 


2,009 8 


779.5 


9736 


1,210.9 


551 6 


2,338.7 


831.8 


9,113.5 


718.6 


9,832.1 


1977 J 


82.3 


93.6 


230.9 


1,989.9 


735.2 


9190 


1,186.9 


555.9 


2,224.2 


781.9 


8,799.8 


694.4 


9.494.2 


F 


83.5 


962 


230.9 


2,015.1 


741.5 


934.6 


1,196.5 


5642 


2,241 6 


801 8 


8,9059 


7029 


9.608 7 


M 


86.5 


95.1 


236.1 


2,033.3 


761.3 


970.2 


1,194.5 


569.3 


2,272.9 


827.4 


9.0467 


713.7 


9.760.4 


A 


90.3 


96 5 


238 1 


2,0364 


770.2 


955 1 


1,198.4 


571.6 


2,298.8 


827.5 


9,082.8 


715.8 


9.798.6 


M 


89.1 


986 


240.2 


2,0527 


781.7 


9524 


1,199.3 


577.5 


2,307.2 


836.0 


9,1347 


7200 


9.854.7 


J 


91.7 


100.4 


245.7 


2,085.1 


787.0 


963.9 


1.205.8 


585.4 


2,363 1 


8568 


9,284.8 


732.7 


10,017.5 


J 


93.7 


100.9 


252.0 


2,101.8 


786.8 


9756 


1,206.3 


5885 


2,405.6 


862.6 


9,373.9 


736.6 


10,110.5 


A 


95.2 


91.1 


250.7 


2,109.0 


793.2 


976.5 


1,225.2 


596.6 


2.4200 


861.0 


9,418.3 


740.2 


10,158.5 


S 


966 


104.3 


245.6 


2,117 1 


7900 


990.8 


1,228.7 


606.7 


2,425.5 


874.0 


9,4795 


747.8 


10,227.2 


O 


99.9 


107.0 


249.4 


2,130.0 


791.8 


9980 


1,235.6 


612.1 


2,4376 


868.6 


9,530 1 


751.3 


10,281.4 


N 


101.3 


1066 


248.6 


2,145.1 


776.4 


1.002.1 


1,231.6 


621.4 


2,4569 


8779 


9.568 1 


754.5 


10.322.5 


D 


103.7 


116.3 


2493 


2.151.3 


812.5 


9962 


1,265.9 


627.1 


2,488.5 


891 8 


9,7027 


764.1 


10.466 8 


1978 J 


93.5 


104.5 


253.9 


2,149.2 


737.3 


1,010.6 


1,266.3 


634.7 


2,4559 


892.2 


9,5980 


785.9 


10,383 9 


F 


96.1 


107.5 


257.0 


2,201 6 


7466 


1.018.2 


1,278 4 


632.5 


2,483.4 


8929 


9,714.3 


795.4 


10,509.7 


M 


97.3 


109 9 


247.7 


2,2145 


7352 


1.020.3 


1,289.4 


631.0 


2,517.1 


912.6 


9,775 1 


800.3 


10,575.4 


A 


101.6 


110.6 


246.3 


2,226.3 


753.6 


1,025.4 


1,289.3 


637.7 


2,536.9 


911.2 


9,8390 


8057 


10,644.7 



'Excludes military pay and allowances. 2|ncludes fishing and trapping 
Source: Estimates oi Labour Income (72-005), Statistics Canada. 



Note: Estimates may not add to totals due to rounding 



37 



Section 4-Table 3 July 1978 

Table 3: Labour force characteristics of the population 15 years of age and over (thousands of persons) 

Annual 

Average 

and 

month and over force Employed Unemployed 



Population 




15 years 


Total 


of age 


labour 


and over 


force 



Not in the 






labour 


Participation 


Unemployment 


force 


ratel 


rate2 



767284 



767285 
767606 



767286 
767608 



767287 
767609 



769732 



767288 
767610 



767289 
767611 



1976 
1977 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 

1977 J 
F 
M 
A 
M 
J 
J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 

1978 J 
F 
M 
A 
M 
J 



16,873 


10,308 


9.572 


736 


6,565 


17,250 


10,616 


9,754 


862 


6,634 


variation 










16,886 


10,834 


10,059 


775 


6,052 


16,926 


10,773 


10,064 


709 


6,153 


16,956 


10,357 


9,688 


670 


6,598 


16,984 


10,342 


9,663 


679 


6.642 


17,015 


10,299 


9.592 


708 


6,716 


1 7,044 


10,230 


9,476 


754 


6,813 


17,077 


10,144 


9,255 


889 


6,933 


17,110 


10,222 


9,290 


932 


6,888 


17,138 


10,294 


9,350 


944 


6,843 


17,166 


10,340 


9,425 


914 


6,826 


17,205 


10,645 


9.822 


824 


6,560 


17,236 


10,858 


1 0.044 


814 


6,379 


17,265 


11,100 


10,222 


878 


6,165 


17,302 


11,098 


10,260 


838 


6,204 


17,333 


10,703 


9,906 


798 


6.629 


17,362 


10,707 


9,920 


787 


6,655 


17,388 


10,670 


9,830 


840 


6,718 


17,416 


10,612 


9,729 


882 


6,805 


17,450 


10,469 


9.478 


991 


6.980 


17,482 


10,584 


9,577 


1.007 


6.898 


17,509 


10,726 


9.680 


1.045 


6.784 


17,535 


10,750 


9,752 


999 


6.785 


17,568 


11,051 


10,118 


933 


6.517 


17,593 


11,304 


10.400 


903 


6.289 



61.1 
61.5 



64.2 
636 
61.1 
609 
60.5 
60.0 

59.4 
59.7 
60.1 
602 
61 9 
63.0 
64.3 
64.1 
61.8 
61.7 
61.4 
60.9 

60.0 
60.5 
61.3 
61.3 
629 
64.3 



7.1 
8.1 



7.2 
6.6 
6.5 
6.6 
6.9 
7.4 

8.8 
9.1 
9.2 
8.8 
7.7 
7.5 
7.9 
7.5 
7.5 
7.3 
79 
8.3 

9.5 
9.5 
9.7 
9.3 
8.4 
8.0 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 
M.C.D. 

1976 J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 

1977 J 
F 
M 
A 
M 
J 
J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 

1978 J 
F 
M 
A 
M 
J 



10.356 


9.598 


10,354 


9.612 


10,352 


9.609 


10,351 


9.581 


10,353 


9.593 


10,364 


9.584 


10,440 


9.654 


10,497 


9.662 


10.537 


9.679 


10.553 


9.685 


10,591 


9.751 


10,589 


9,741 


10.622 


9,756 


10.680 


9,799 


10.708 


9,821 


10,721 


9,834 


10.735 


9,832 


10.753 


9.842 


10,757 


9.866 


10,835 


9.934 


10,922 


9.984 


10.931 


9,996 


10.972 


10.023 


11.014 


10.070 



758 
742 
743 
770 
760 
780 

786 
835 
858 
868 
840 
848 
866 
881 
887 
887 
903 
911 

891 
901 
938 
935 
949 
944 



61 3 
61.2 
61.1 
609 

60 8 
608 

61.1 
61.4 
61.5 

61 5 
61.6 
61.4 
61.5 
61 7 
61 8 
61 7 
61.7 
61.7 

61.6 
620 
62.4 
623 
62.5 
626 



7.3 
7.2 
7.2 
7.4 

73 
7.5 

7.5 
80 
8.1 
82 
7.9 
8.0 
82 
8.2 
8.3 
8.3 
8.4 
85 

8.3 
8.3 
86 
86 
86 
86 



'The labour force as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over The participation rate lor a particular group (age. sex etc) is the labour force in that group ex- 
pressed as a percentage of the population for that group ?The unemployed as a percentage of the labour force The unemployment rate lor a particular group (age. sex 
etc.) is the unemployed in that group expressed as a percentage of the labour force tor that group Seasonally-ad|usted rates are calculated by dividing seasonally-adjusted 
unemployment by the sum of seasonally-adiusted employment and seasonally-ad|usted unemployment lie seasonally-adjusted labour force by summation) 
Note Excludes inmates of institutions, members of the armed services. Indians living on reserves and residents of the Yukon and Northwest Territories The estimates are 
derived from a sample survey and are sub|ect to sampling error In general, the smaller the estimate, the larger is the relative sampling error For other explanatory material 
see notes at the end ot Catalogue No 71-001 
Source: The Labour Force (71-001 Monthly) 



38 



July 1978 

Table 4: Selected series* by sex and main age group (thousands of persons) 



Section 4-Table 4 











Table 


4.1; Employed 










Annual 




Total 






15-24 years 






25 years and over 




average 




















and 


Both 






Both 






Both 






month 


sexes 


Men 


Women 


Sexes 


Men 


Women 


sexes 


Men 


Women 


D 


767286 


767418 


767550 


767296 


767428 


767560 


767258 


7673S6 


767518 


D 


767608 


767683 


767750 


767620 


767695 


767762 


767584 


767654 


767728 


1976 


9,572 


6.038 


3,534 


2,429 


1,328 


1,102 


7,143 


4,711 


2,432 


1977 


9754 


6,113 


3,642 


2,449 


1.342 


1,108 


7,305 


4,771 


2,534 


Unadjusted for 


seasonal 


variation 
















1976 J 


10,059 


6,389 


3,669 


2,835 


1,590 


1,245 


7,224 


4,800 


2,424 


A 


10,064 


6,393 


3,671 


2,815 


1,575 


1,240 


7,249 


4,818 


2,431 


S 


9,688 


6,147 


3,541 


2,382 


1,324 


1,058 


7,305 


4,822 


2,483 





9,663 


6,095 


3,567 


2,365 


1,305 


1,060 


7,298 


4,791 


2,507 


N 


9,592 


6,043 


3,549 


2,348 


1,288 


1,060 


7,244 


4,755 


2,489 


D 


9,476 


5,941 


3,535 


2,326 


1.252 


1,074 


7,150 


4,690 


2,461 


1977 J 


9,255 


5,820 


3,436 


2,241 


1,210 


1,030 


7,015 


4.609 


2,405 


F 


9,290 


5,810 


3,480 


2,229 


1,197 


1.032 


7,061 


4,613 


2,448 


M 


9,350 


5,835 


3,515 


2,256 


1,217 


1.039 


7,094 


4,618 


2,476 


A 


9,425 


5,898 


3,527 


2,287 


1,241 


1,046 


7,139 


4,657 


2,482 


M 


9,822 


6,173 


3,649 


2,494 


1.390 


1,104 


7,327 


4,783 


2,545 


J 


1 0,044 


6,322 


3,722 


2,647 


1.483 


1,164 


7,397 


4,839 


2,559 


J 


10,222 


6,441 


3,781 


2,873 


1.602 


1,271 


7,349 


4,839 


2,510 


A 


10,260 


6,475 


3,785 


2,853 


1.597 


1,256 


7,407 


4,878 


2,529 


S 


9,906 


6,214 


3,692 


2,411 


1.322 


1,089 


7,495 


4,892 


2.603 





9,920 


6,207 


3,713 


2,405 


1,313 


1,093 


7,515 


4,895 


2,620 


N 


9,830 


6,132 


3,698 


2,370 


1,284 


1,086 


7,460 


4,848 


2,613 


D 


9,729 


6,025 


3,704 


2,325 


1,242 


1,082 


7,405 


4,783 


2,622 


1978 J 


9,478 


5,868 


3,610 


2,211 


1,172 


1,039 


7,268 


4,697 


2,571 


F 


9,577 


5,907 


3.670 


2,259 


1,201 


1,058 


7,318 


4,706 


2,612 


M 


9,680 


5,955 


3,725 


2,303 


1,229 


1,074 


7,378 


4,727 


2,651 


A 


9,752 


5,987 


3,765 


2,318 


1,239 


1,080 


7,433 


4,748 


2,685 


M 


10,118 


6,267 


3,851 


2,533 


1,400 


1,134 


7,585 


4.867 


2,717 


J 


10,400 


6,457 


3,943 


2,721 


1,509 


1,211 


7,680 


4,948 


2,732 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 
M.C.D. 



1976 J 


9,598 


6.045 


3,553 


2,411 


1,322 


1,089 


7,187 


4,723 


2,464 


A 


9,612 


6.037 


3,575 


2,407 


1,312 


1,095 


7,205 


4,725 


2,480 


S 


9,609 


6,075 


3,534 


2,438 


1,353 


1,085 


7,171 


4,722 


2,449 


O 


9,581 


6,043 


3,538 


2,414 


1,335 


1,079 


7,167 


4,708 


2,459 


N 


9.593 


6,059 


3,534 


2,417 


1,334 


1,083 


7,176 


4,725 


2,451 


D 


9.584 


6,064 


3,520 


2.420 


1,336 


1.084 


7,164 


4,728 


2,436 


1977 J 


9.654 


6,102 


3,552 


2.476 


1,366 


1,110 


7,178 


4.736 


2,442 


F 


9,662 


6,088 


3,574 


2.448 


1,349 


1,099 


7.214 


4,739 


2,475 


M 


9,679 


6,081 


3,598 


2.454 


1,347 


1,107 


7,225 


4.734 


2,491 


A 


9.685 


6,086 


3,599 


2.447 


1,342 


1,105 


7,238 


4,744 


2,494 


M 


9.751 


6.106 


3,645 


2.460 


1,351 


1,109 


7.291 


4.755 


2,536 


J 


9,741 


6,099 


3,642 


2,442 


1,338 


1,104 


7,299 


4.761 


2,538 


J 


9,756 


6,095 


3,661 


2.447 


1,334 


1,113 


7,309 


4,761 


2,548 


A 


9,799 


6,116 


3,683 


2,444 


1,334 


1,110 


7,355 


4,782 


2,573 


S 


9,821 


6,137 


3,684 


2.464 


1,347 


1,117 


7,357 


4,790 


2,567 


O 


9.834 


6,150 


3,684 


2.455 


1,341 


1,114 


7,379 


4,809 


2,570 


N 


9,832 


6,145 


3,687 


2,441 


1,329 


1,112 


7,391 


4,816 


2,575 


D 


9,842 


6,146 


3,696 


2,422 


1.325 


1,097 


7.420 


4,821 


2,599 


1978 J 


9,866 


6,144 


3,722 


2,433 


1,321 


1,112 


7.433 


4,823 


2,610 


F 


9,934 


6,176 


3,758 


2.466 


1,345 


1,121 


7,468 


4,831 


2,637 


M 


9.984 


6,191 


3,793 


2,485 


1,352 


1,133 


7,499 


4,839 


2,660 


A 


9,996 


6,174 


3,822 


2.472 


1.339 


1,133 


7.524 


4,835 


2.689 


M 


10,023 


6,196 


3,827 


2,489 


1,355 


1,134 


7,534 


4,841 


2,693 


J 


10.070 


6,225 


3,845 


2.504 


1,360 


1,144 


7,566 


4,865 


2,701 



See footnotes, Table 3. 

*ln addition to the selected Labour Force information published here, there are approximately 2,100 Labour Force series available on CANSIM. The series pro- 
vide basic labour force characteristics, by geographic area, age, sex and marital status 



39 



Section 4-Table 4/Continued 

Table 4: Selected series by sex and main age group (thousands of persons)/continued 



July 1978 











Table 


4 2 


Unemployed 










Annual 
average 
and 
month 




Total 






15-24 years 






25 years and over 




Both 
sexes 


Men 


Women 


Both 
sexes 




Men 


Women 


Both 
sexes 


Men 


Women 


D 

D 


767287 
767609 


767419 
767684 


767551 

767751 


767297 

767621 




767429 
767696 


767561 
767565 


767259 

767585 


767387 
767655 


767519 
767729 


1976 
1977 


736 
862 


411 
481 


325 
380 


355 
414 




204 
236 


152 
178 


381 
447 


208 
246 


173 

202 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 

1977 J 
F 
M 
A 
M 
J 
J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 

1978 J 
F 
M 
A 
M 
J 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 
MC.D 



1976 J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 

1977 J 
F 
M 
A 
M 
J 
J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 

1978 J 

F 
M 
A 
M 
J 



775 


418 


357 


436 


249 


187 


339 


169 


170 


709 


350 


359 


347 


187 


160 


362 


163 


199 


670 


317 


353 


313 


157 


156 


357 


160 


196 


679 


361 


319 


319 


174 


145 


360 


187 


173 


708 


384 


324 


338 


185 


153 


369 


199 


170 


754 


442 


312 


359 


209 


149 


395 


232 


163 


889 


524 


365 


403 


244 


159 


486 


280 


206 


932 


553 


379 


429 


250 


179 


503 


303 


200 


944 


567 


377 


419 


243 


176 


526 


324 


202 


914 


544 


370 


406 


234 


172 


509 


310 


199 


824 


469 


354 


403 


227 


177 


420 


243 


178 


814 


445 


369 


425 


236 


189 


389 


210 


" 179 


878 


479 


399 


494 


276 


218 


384 


203 


181 


838 


424 


414 


418 


228 


190 


420 


196 


224 


798 


406 


392 


387 


211 


176 


411 


195 


216 


787 


400 


387 


383 


207 


176 


404 


193 


211 


840 


450 


390 


399 


227 


172 


441 


223 


218 


882 


515 


367 


407 


247 


159 


476 


268 


208 


991 


586 


405 


444 


273 


171 


546 


313 


234 


1,007 


595 


412 


449 


271 


178 


558 


324 


234 


1,045 


615 


430 


454 


269 


185 


591 


346 


245 


999 


601 


397 


426 


261 


166 


572 


341 


232 


933 


521 


412 


441 


249 


192 


491 


271 


220 


903 


488 


416 


453 


249 


205 


450 


239 


211 



758 


419 


339 


364 


207 


157 


394 


212 


182 


742 


405 


337 


350 


195 


155 


392 


210 


182 


743 


390 


353 


337 


177 


160 


406 


213 


193 


770 


443 


327 


356 


206 


150 


414 


237 


177 


760 


427 


333 


372 


210 


162 


388 


217 


171 


780 


436 


344 


384 


216 


168 


396 


220 


176 


786 


439 


347 


382 


219 


163 


404 


220 


184 


835 


464 


371 


411 


229 


182 


424 


235 


189 


858 


481 


377 


415 


235 


180 


443 


246 


197 


868 


491 


377 


413 


233 


180 


455 


258 


197 


840 


476 


364 


403 


230 


173 


437 


246 


191 


848 


477 


371 


399 


226 


173 


449 


251 


198 


866 


485 


381 


420 


232 


188 


446 


253 


193 


881 


491 


390 


425 


240 


185 


456 


251 


205 


887 


496 


391 


419 


239 


180 


468 


257 


211 


887 


490 


397 


427 


245 


182 


460 


245 


215 


903 


502 


401 


438 


257 


181 


465 


245 


220 


911 


512 


399 


434 


256 


178 


477 


256 


221 


891 


499 


392 


426 


247 


179 


465 


252 


213 


901 


500 


401 


427 


247 


180 


474 


253 


221 


938 


517 


421 


442 


256 


186 


496 


261 


235 


935 


531 


404 


431 


256 


175 


504 


275 


229 


949 


528 


421 


441 


254 


187 


508 


274 


234 


944 


525 


419 


433 


245 


188 


511 


280 


231 



See footnotes. Table 3 



40 



July 1978 

Table 4: Selected series by sex and main age group (thousands of persons)/continued 



Section 4-Table 4/Continued 











Table 4.3: 


Participation rates' 










Annual 




Total 






15-24 years 






25 years and over 




average 
and 




















Both 






Both 






Both 






month 


sexes 


Men 


Women 


Sexes 


Men 


Women 


sexes 


Men 


Women 


D 


767288 


767420 


767552 


767298 


767430 


767562 


767261 


767389 


767521 


D 


767610 


767685 


767752 


767622 


767697 


767763 


767586 


767656 


767730 


1976 


61.1 


77.7 


45.0 


62.6 


68.2 


56.9 


60 5 


81 2 


40.9 


1977 


61.5 


777 


45.9 


63.3 


69.1 


57.5 


609 


80.9 


41.9 


Unadjusted for seasonal 


variation 
















1976 J 


64.2 


81.9 


46.9 


73.5 


81.9 


65.0 


60.8 


82.0 


40.7 


A 


63.6 


81.0 


46.9 


70.9 


78.3 


63.4 


61.1 


82.0 


41.2 


s 


61.1 


77.5 


45.2 


60.3 


65.7 


54.9 


61.3 


81.8 


41.9 





609 


773 


45.0 


600 


65.5 


54.4 


61.2 


81.6 


41.9 


N 


60.5 


76.8 


44.8 


600 


65.2 


54.7 


60.7 


81.1 


41.4 


D 


60.0 


76.1 


44.4 


59.9 


64.6 


55.1 


60.1 


80.4 


40.7 


1977 J 


59.4 


75.5 


43.8 


58.9 


64.2 


53.5 


59.6 


79.7 


40.5 


F 


59.7 


75.6 


44.4 


59.1 


63.7 


54.4 


60.0 


80.0 


40.9 


M 


60.1 


76.0 


44.7 


594 


64.2 


54.5 


603 


80.3 


41.3 


A 


60.2 


76.3 


44.7 


59.7 


64.8 


54.6 


604 


80.5 


41.3 


M 


61.9 


78.5 


45.8 


642 


70.9 


57.3 


61.0 


81.3 


41.8 


J 


63.0 


79.8 


46.7 


68.0 


75.3 


60.5 


61.2 


81.5 


42.0 


J 


64.3 


81.5 


47.6 


74.4 


82.2 


66.5 


60 7 


81 3 


41.2 


A 


64.1 


81 1 


47.7 


72.2 


79.7 


64.5 


61.3 


81.6 


42.0 


S 


61.8 


77.7 


46.4 


61.7 


66.9 


56.4 


61.8 


81.6 


42.9 





61.7 


77.4 


46.4 


61.4 


66.2 


56.4 


61.8 


81.5 


43.0 


N 


61.4 


77.0 


46.3 


60.9 


65.8 


55.9 


61.5 


81.1 


42.9 


D 


60.9 


76.4 


46.0 


600 


648 


55.2 


61.2 


80.6 


42.9 


1978 J 


60.0 


75.2 


45.3 


58.3 


62.8 


53.7 


60.6 


79.8 


42.4 


F 


60.5 


75.7 


45.9 


59.4 


63.9 


54.8 


61.0 


80.0 


42.9 


M 


61.3 


76.3 


46.7 


60.4 


649 


55.8 


61.6 


80.5 


43.6 


A 


61.3 


76.4 


46.7 


60.1 


64 9 


55.1 


61.7 


80.7 


43.8 


M 


62.9 


78.6 


47.7 


65.0 


71.3 


58.6 


62.2 


81.3 


44.0 


J 


64.3 


803 


48.7 


69.3 


76.0 


62.6 


625 


81.9 


44.0 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 

M.C.D. 



1976 J 
A 

s 
o 

N 
D 

1977 J 
F 
M 
A 
M 
J 
J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 



1978 



61.3 


77.8 


454 


62.3 


68 1 


565 


61.0 


81.4 


41.5 


61.2 


774 


45.5 


61.8 


669 


56.6 


609 


81.2 


41.7 


61.1 


77.5 


45.1 


62.1 


679 


56.3 


60.7 


81.1 


41 3 


60.9 


77.6 


44.8 


61.9 


68.3 


55.5 


606 


81.1 


41.1 


60.8 


775 


44.7 


62.3 


68.3 


56.1 


60.3 


80.9 


40.8 


60.8 


77.5 


44.6 


62.5 


68.6 


56.4 


60.2 


80.8 


40.6 


61.1 


77.9 


44.9 


63.7 


69.9 


57.3 


60.2 


808 


40.7 


61.4 


77.9 


45.4 


636 


69.5 


57.5 


606 


80.9 


41.2 


61.5 


77.9 


45.6 


63.7 


696 


57.8 


60.7 


809 


41.5 


61.5 


77.9 


45.6 


63.5 


69.2 


57.6 


608 


81.1 


41.4 


61.6 


778 


45.8 


63.4 


69.3 


57.4 


609 


809 


41.9 


61.4 


77.6 


45.8 


62.9 


68.5 


57.1 


60.9 


80.9 


41.9 


61.5 


77.5 


46.1 


63.4 


68.5 


58.1 


609 


808 


41.9 


61.7 


77.7 


46.3 


63.3 


688 


57.8 


61.2 


80.9 


42.4 


61.8 


77.8 


46.3 


63.5 


69.2 


57.8 


61.2 


81.0 


42.3 


61.7 


77.8 


46.2 


63.5 


69.1 


57.7 


61.1 


81.0 


42.3 


61.7 


778 


46.2 


63.3 


69.0 


57.5 


61.2 


81.0 


42.4 


61.7 


77.8 


46.3 


62.8 


68.8 


56.6 


61.4 


81.1 


42.7 


61.6 


77.4 


46.4 


62.8 


68.1 


57.3 


61 2 


80.9 


42.7 


62.0 


77.7 


468 


63.4 


69.1 


57.7 


61.5 


808 


43.1 


62.4 


77.9 


47.3 


64.1 


69.7 


58.4 


61.8 


81.0 


43.6 


62.3 


77.8 


47.4 


63.5 


69.1 


57.9 


61.9 


81.0 


43.8 


62.5 


77.9 


47.5 


64.1 


69.6 


58.4 


61.9 


80.9 


43.9 


62.6 


78.1 


47.7 


64.2 


694 


58.9 


62.1 


81.3 


43.9 



See footnotes, Table 3 



41 



Section 4-Table 4/Concluded 

Table 4: Selected series by sex and main age group (thousands of persons)/concluded 



July 1978 











Table 


4 4 


Unemployment 


rates2 












Annual 
average 
and 
month 




Total 








15-24 years 








25 


years and over 




Both 
sexes 


Men 


Women 


Both 
sexes 




Men 




Women 


Both 
sexes 




Men 


Women 


D 

D 


767289 

767611 


767421 
767686 


767553 
767753 


767299 

767623 




767431 
767698 




767563 
767764 


767262 
767587 




767390 
767657 


767522 
767731 



1976 
1977 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 J 
A 
s 
O 
N 
D 

1977 J 
F 
M 
A 
M 
J 
J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 

1978 J 
F 
M 
A 
M 
J 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 

M.C.D 



7.1 


6.4 


8.4 


12.8 


13.3 


12.1 


5 1 


4.2 


6.7 


8.1 


7.3 


9.5 


14.5 


14.9 


13.9 


5.8 


49 


7.4 



7.2 


6.1 


8.9 


13.3 


13.6 


13.1 


4.5 


3.4 


6.5 


6.6 


5.2 


8.9 


11.0 


10.6 


11.4 


4.8 


3.3 


7.6 


65 


49 


9.1 


11.6 


10.6 


12.9 


4.7 


32 


73 


6.6 


56 


8.2 


11.9 


11.8 


12.1 


4.7 


3.8 


6.5 


69 


60 


8.4 


12.6 


12.6 


12.6 


4.9 


4.0 


6.4 


7.4 


6.9' 


8.1 


13.4 


14.3 


12.2 


5.2 


4.7 


6.2 


8.8 


83 


9.6 


15.2 


16.8 


13.3 


6.5 


5.7 


7.9 


9.1 


8.7 


9.8 


16.1 


17.3 


14.8 


67 


6.2 


7.6 


9.2 


8.9 


9.7 


15.6 


16.6 


14.5 


6.9 


6.6 


7.5 


8.8 ■ 


8.4 


9.5 


15.1 


15.9 


14.1 


6.7 


6.2 


7.4 


7.7 


7.1 


8.9 


13.9 


14.0 


13.8 


5.4 


48 


. 6.5 


7.5 


6.6 


9.0 


13.8 


13.7 


14.0 


5.0 


4.2 


6.6 


7.9 


69 


9.5 


14.7 


147 


14.6 


5.0 


4.0 


67 


7.5 


6.1 


9.9 


12.8 


12.5 


13.1 


54 


3.9 


8.1 


7.5 


6.1 


96 


13.8 


13.8 


13.9 


5.2 


3.8 


7.7 


7.3 


6.1 


9.4 


13.7 


13.6 


139 


5.1 


3.8 


7.5 


7.9 


68 


9.5 


14.4 


15 


13.7 


5.6 


4.4 


7.7 


8.3 


7.9 


9.0 


14.9 


16.6 


12.8 


60 


5.3 


7.3 


9.5 


9.1 


10.1 


16.7 


18.9 


14.1 


7.0 


6.2 


8.3 


9.5 


9.2 


10.1 


16 6 


18.4 


14.4 


7.1 


64 


8.2 


9.7 


94 


10.3 


16.5 


18.0 


14.7 


7.4 


6.8 


8.4 


9.3 


9 1 


9.5 


15.5 


17.4 


13.3 


7.1 


6.7 


79 


84 


77 


97 


14.8 


15 1 


14.5 


6.1 


5.3 


7.5 


8.0 


70 


95 


14.3 


14.1 


14.5 


55 


4.6 


72 



1976 



J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 

1977 J 
F 
M 
A 
M 
J 
J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 

1978 J 
F 
M 
A 
M 
J 



7.3 


6.5 


8.7 


13.1 


13.5 


12.6 


52 


43 


6.9 


7.2 


6.3 


8.6 


127 


12.9 


124 


52 


43 


6.8 


7.2 


6.0 


9 1 


12.1 


11.6 


12 9 


5.4 


4.3 


73 


7.4 


6.8 


8.5 


12.9 


134 


12.2 


55 


4.8 


6.7 


7.3 


6.6 


8.6 


13.3 


13.6 


13.0 


5.1 


44 


65 


7.5 


6.7 


89 


137 


13.9 


13.4 


5.2 


44 


67 


7.5 


67 


89 


134 


13.8 


12 8 


5.3 


44 


7.0 


8.0 


7.1 


94 


14.4 


14.5 


142 


5.6 


47 


7.1 


8.1 


73 


9.5 


14.5 


14.9 


14 


5.8 


49 


73 


8.2 


7.5 


95 


14.4 


14.8 


14.0 


5.9 


5.2 


73 


7.9 


7.2 


9 1 


14.1 


14.5 


13.5 


5.7 


4.9 


70 


80 


7.3 


92 


14.0 


14.5 


135 


5.8 


5.0 


7.2 


8.2 


7.4 


94 


14.6 


14.8 


145 


5.8 


5.0 


70 


8.2 


7.4 


9.6 


148 


15 2 


14.3 


5.8 


5.0 


74 


8.3 


7.5 


9.6 


14.5 


15.1 


139 


60 


5 1 


76 


8.3 


74 


9.7 


14.8 


15.4 


140 


5.9 


4.8 


77 


84 


7.6 


9.8 


152 


16.2 


140 


59 


4.8 


79 


8.5 


7.7 


97 


15.2 


16.2 


140 


60 


5.0 


78 


8.3 


75 


95 


149 


15 8 


13.9 


59 


50 


7.5 


8.3 


7.5 


9.6 


148 


15.5 


13.8 


6.0 


50 


7.7 


8.6 


7.7 


10.0 


15.1 


15 9 


14 1 


62 


5.1 


8 1 


8.6 


7.9 


96 


148 


16.1 


13.4 


6.3 


54 


78 


8.6 


79 


9.9 


15.1 


15.8 


14.2 


6.3 


54 


80 


8.6 


7.8 


9.8 


14.7 


15.3 


14.1 


6.3 


54 


7.9 



See tootnotes. Table 3 



42 



July 1978 



Section 4-Table 5 



Table 5: Labour force characteristics of the population 15 years of age and over, by province (thousands of persons) 



Annual 
average 










Table 5,1 


Labour force 












month 


Canada 


Nfid 


P.E.I. 


N.S. 


N.B. 


Que. 


Ont. 


Man. 


Sask. 


Alb. 


B.C. 


D 

D 


767285 
767606 


767837 
767899 


767975 

768037 


768113 
768175 


768251 
768313 


768413 
768475 


768583 
768645 


768729 
768791 


768867 
768929 


769005 
769067 


769168 
769230 


1976 
1977 


10.308 
10,616 


183 
192 


48 

50 


326 
333 


261 
268 


2,716 
2,792 


3.931 
4,044 


449 

460 


403 

421 


856 
892 


1,135 

1,163 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 J 


10,834 


201 


54 


344 


280 


2,877 


4,102 


470 


426 


889 


1,191 


A 


10,773 


200 


52 


343 


282 


2,836 


4,087 


472 


434 


884 


1,183 


S 


10,357 


193 


50 


328 


271 


2,722 


3,912 


455 


416 


864 


1,145 


O 


10.342 


191 


49 


329 


266 


2,727 


3.913 


452 


405 


863 


1,146 


N 


10,299 


183 


48 


328 


260 


2,714 


3,906 


453 


404 


864 


1,139 


D 


10,230 


177 


45 


324 


255 


2,694 


3,911 


444 


400 


859 


1,121 


1977 J 


10,144 


168 


44 


310 


248 


2,672 


3,893 


441 


390 


861 


1,116 


F 


10.222 


174 


46 


316 


248 


2,689 


3,932 


442 


395 


863 


1,117 


M 


10.294 


180 


47 


324 


250 


2,709 


3.938 


445 


404 


865 


1,133 


A 


10,340 


180 


48 


324 


250 


2,700 


3,948 


454 


412 


880 


1,144 


M 


10,645 


196 


52 


335 


269 


2,779 


4,061 


460 


423 


897 


1,174 


J 


10,858 


205 


54 


342 


278 


2,854 


4,130 


468 


431 


903 


1,193 


J 


11,100 


213 


56 


356 


292 


2.923 


4,194 


482 


443 


921 


1,221 


A 


11.098 


210 


56 


357 


292 


2.918 


4,205 


480 


449 


921 


1,210 


S 


10.703 


198 


51 


338 


277 


2,826 


4,048 


462 


431 


894 


1,178 


O 


10.707 


193 


50 


336 


276 


2,814 


4,072 


466 


434 


902 


1,163 


N 


10,670 


195 


49 


334 


270 


2,817 


4,059 


462 


425 


901 


1,158 


D 


10,612 


186 


48 


329 


266 


2,804 


4.050 


458 


416 


901 


1,154 


1978 J 


10,469 


180 


46 


323 


259 


2,738 


4,014 


455 


408 


891 


1,156 


F 


10,584 


181 


47 


326 


260 


2,777 


4.041 


462 


411 


907 


1,172 


M 


10,726 


183 


49 


328 


262 


2,816 


4.095 


465 


420 


918 


1.191 


A 


10,750 


188 


50 


339 


264 


2,790 


4,111 


464 


422 


930 


1.192 


M 


11,051 


198 


54 


348 


283 


2.878 


4,201 


479 


442 


953 


1.215 


J 


11,304 


209 


57 


356 


290 


2.957 


4,306 


483 


446 


960 


1.239 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 
M.C.D. 



1976 J 


10,356 


184 


49 


324 


260 


2,732 


3,951 


451 


404 


855 


1,140 


A 


10.354 


185 


47 


326 


260 


2,713 


3.951 


454 


409 


856 


1,149 


S 


10,352 


186 


48 


326 


262 


2,714 


3.934 


453 


409 


863 


1,149 


O 


10,351 


188 


49 


329 


260 


2,731 


3.943 


449 


402 


860 


1.145 


N 


10,353 


183 


49 


329 


262 


2,727 


3,923 


455 


408 


865 


1,150 


D 


10,364 


183 


48 


328 


262 


2,726 


3,945 


450 


408 


867 


1,143 


1977 J 


10,440 


181 


48 


323 


265 


2,760 


3,977 


454 


411 


879 


1,142 


F 


10,497 


188 


50 


330 


262 


2,769 


3,993 


455 


412 


882 


1,144 


M 


10,537 


192 


50 


336 


267 


2,782 


4,011 


457 


420 


884 


1,152 


A 


10,553 


188 


50 


332 


263 


2,765 


4,017 


461 


419 


897 


1,153 


M 


10,591 


195 


50 


332 


264 


2,784 


4,045 


457 


417 


892 


1,159 


J 


10,589 


195 


51 


333 


266 


2,771 


4,028 


457 


420 


885 


1,172 


J 


10,622 


195 


50 


336 


272 


2.777 


4,042 


461 


421 


887 


1,169 


A 


10,680 


194 


52 


341 


270 


2,794 


4,068 


461 


424 


896 


1,174 


S 


10,708 


190 


50 


335 


268 


2.817 


4,077 


460 


425 


895 


1.182 


O 


10,721 


190 


50 


335 


272 


2,817 


4,101 


463 


430 


901 


1,162 


N 


10,735 


196 


50 


335 


272 


2,830 


4,082 


463 


429 


903 


1,169 


D 


10,753 


194 


51 


333 


272 


2,835 


4,091 


465 


424 


911 


1,175 


1978 J 


10,757 


194 


50 


336 


275 


2,824 


4,098 


467 


429 


909 


1,182 


F 


10,835 


196 


50 


339 


276 


2,850 


4,103 


474 


429 


920 


1,196 


M 


10,922 


194 


51 


339 


279 


2,872 


4,149 


477 


435 


930 


1,205 


A 


10,931 


196 


52 


346 


278 


2,858 


4,170 


473 


430 


938 


1,200 


M 


10,972 


196 


52 


343 


278 


2,878 


4,172 


476 


435 


944 


1,202 


J 


11,014 


197 


53 


346 


276 


2,875 


4,194 


473 


436 


945 


1,211 



See footnotes, Table 3 



43 



Section 4-Table 5/Continued July 1978 

Table 5: Labour force characteristics of the population 15 years of age and over, by province (thousands of persons)/continued 



Annual 
























average 










Table 


5.2: Employed 












and 
























month 


Canada 


Nfld 


P.E.I. 


N.S. 


N.B 


Que 


Ont. 


Man 


Sask. 


Alb. 


B.C. 


D 


767286 


767838 


767976 


768114 


768252 


768414 


768584 


768730 


768868 


769006 


769169 


D 


767608 


767900 


768038 


768176 


768314 


768476 


768646 


768792 


768930 


769068 


769231 


1976 


9,572 


158 


44 


295 


232 


2,479 


3,689 


428 


387 


822 


1,038 


1977 


9,754 


161 


45 


298 


232 


2,504 


3,762 


433 


402 


853 


1,065 


Unadjusted 


for seasonal 


variation 




















1976 J 


10.059 


174 


48 


311 


252 


2,637 


3,837 


450 


407 


857 


1,086 


A 


10,064 


176 


48 


310 


256 


2,600 


3,860 


454 


415 


853 


1,091 


s 


9,688 


170 


47 


297 


245 


2,483 


3,711 


437 


404 


836 


1,057 





9,663 


168 


45 


298 


240 


2,493 


3,691 


435 


394 


834 


1,065 


N 


9,592 


158 


44 


294 


232 


2,477 


3.680 


433 


391 


832 


1,051 


D 


9,476 


152 


41 


292 


225 


2,441 


3,664 


420 


385 


825 


1,030 


1977 J 


9,255 


140 


39 


276 


212 


2,398 


3,595 


410 


371 


811 


1.004 


F 


9,290 


144 


40 


274 


210 


2,386 


3.616 


409 


374 


823 


1,014 


M 


9,350 


147 


41 


281 


210 


2,410 


3,625 


412 


378 


818 


1,027 


A 


9,425 


145 


41 


283 


212 


2,413 


3,648 


423 


387 


839 


1,035 


M 


9,822 


166 


47 


300 


232 


2,505 


3,785 


436 


405 


861 


1,085 


J 


10,044 


176 


51 


309 


245 


2,580 


3,849 


446 


416 


873 


T.100 


J 


10,222 


182 


51 


321 


257 


2,627 


3,909 


456 


422 


880 


1,117 


A 


10,260 


181 


52 


325 


258 


2,638 


3.926 


456 


432 


881 


1,111 


S 


9,906 


170 


47 


305 


246 


2,545 


3.786 


439 


417 


860 


1,090 





9,920 


164 


46 


304 


243 


2,532 


3,828 


444 


419 


868 


1,073 


N 


9,830 


163 


44 


301 


233 


2.522 


3.806 


434 


408 


860 


1,059 


D 


9,729 


155 


42 


296 


228 


2,490 


3773 


428 


395 


862 


1.061 


1978 J 


9,478 


148 


41 


285 


223 


2,399 


3.698 


419 


382 


843 


1,042 


F 


9,577 


149 


41 


287 


220 


2,436 


3.714 


425 


385 


857 


1.062 


M 


9,680 


147 


43 


286 


222 


2,464 


3,750 


429 


390 


867 


1,082 


A 


9,752 


151 


42 


297 


221 


2,461 


3,782 


432 


395 


880 


1,091 


M 


10,118 


161 


49 


310 


244 


2,552 


3,894 


449 


420 


914 


1.123 


J 


10,400 


176 


53 


321 


259 


2,634 


3.998 


456 


428 


925 


1,149 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 

M.CD. 4 



1976 J 


9,598 


157 


43 


292 


232 


2,498 


3.693 


430 


387 


823 


1.039 


A 


9,612 


159 


43 


291 


231 


2,468 


3.717 


434 


390 


823 


1.055 


S 


9,609 


160 


44 


293 


232 


2,455 


3.710 


432 


394 


831 


1.053 


O 


9,581 


162 


44 


294 


231 


2.470 


3.691 


428 


386 


827 


1.059 


N 


9,593 


157 


44 


293 


233 


2.470 


3.674 


434 


393 


833 


1.062 


D 


9,584 


157 


44 


295 


232 


2.467 


3,690 


428 


393 


832 


1.043 


1977 J 


9,654 


155 


44 


291 


230 


2,506 


3,718 


429 


394 


840 


1.040 


F 


9,662 


159 


45 


292 


228 


2,496 


3.715 


427 


395 


846 


1.049 


M 


9,679 


161 


45 


296 


229 


2,499 


3.725 


429 


398 


844 


1.051 


A 


9.685 


157 


45 


295 


229 


2.491 


3.726 


431 


396 


858 


1.051 


M 


9,751 


166 


45 


297 


231 


2.506 


3.758 


431 


397 


854 


1.069 


J 


9,741 


164 


46 


298 


232 


2.499 


3.743 


431 


403 


849 


1.075 


J 


9,756 


164 


45 


302 


237 


2.489 


3.764 


435 


402 


846 


1.069 


A 


9,799 


163 


47 


306 


233 


2,506 


3.780 


435 


407 


852 


1.072 


S 


9,821 


160 


45 


300 


233 


2,516 


3.783 


433 


407 


855 


1.085 


O 


9,834 


158 


45 


300 


234 


2,509 


3.824 


437 


411 


862 


1.064 


N 


9,832 


162 


44 


300 


234 


2,517 


3,801 


434 


410 


861 


1.070 


D 


9,842 


161 


45 


299 


234 


2.516 


3,803 


436 


403 


870 


1.074 


1978 J 


9,866 


163 


45 


300 


240 


2.503 


3,817 


438 


406 


871 


1.079 


F 


9,934 


165 


46 


304 


239 


2.538 


3.816 


443 


407 


877 


1.095 


M 


9,984 


162 


46 


301 


242 


2,543 


3.842 


446 


410 


888 


1.103 


A 


9,996 


164 


46 


308 


239 


2,538 


3.860 


441 


406 


893 


1,108 


M 


10,023 


161 


47 


306 


242 


2.547 


3.861 


444 


412 


902 


1.106 


J 


10,070 


163 


48 


309 


244 


2.548 


3.885 


442 


414 


901 


1.117 



See lootnotes. Table 3 



44 



July 1978 Section 4-Table 5/Continued 

Table 5: Labour force characteristics of the population 15 years of age and over, by province (thousands of persons)/continued 



Annual 
average 










Table 5.3; 


Unemployed 












month 


Canada 


Nfld 


PEL 


NS. 


. N.B. 


Que 


Onl. 


Man 


Sask 


Alb. 


B.C. 


D 

D 


767287 
767609 


767839 
767901 


767977 
768039 


768115 
768177 


768253 
768315 


768415 
768477 


768585 
768647 


768731 
768793 


768869 
768931 


769007 
769069 


769170 
769232 


1976 
1977 


736 
862 


25 
30 


5 

5 


31 

36 


29 
36 


236 

288 


242 
282 


21 
27 


16 

19 


33 
39 


98 
99 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 J 


775 


27 


5 


33 


28 


240 


265 


21 


19 


32 


105 


A 


709 


24 


4 


33 


26 


236 


228 


18 


19 


30 


92 


S 


670 


23 


4 


31 


26 


239 


202 


18 


12 


28 


88 


O 


679 


23 


4 


32 


26 


234 


223 


17 


12 


29 


81 


N 


708 


25 


4 


34 


27 


237 


227 


20 


13 


32 


88 


D 


754 


24 


4 


32 


30 


253 


247 


24 


15 


33 


92 


1977 J 


889 


29 


5 


34 


37 


274 


298 


31 


19 


50 


112 


F 


932 


30 


6 


42 


37 


303 


316 


33 


21 


40 


103 


M 


944 


33 


6 


43 


41 


299 


312 


32 


26 


47 


106 


A 


914 


35 


7 


41 


38 


287 


300 


31 


25 


41 


109 


M 


824 


30 


5 


35 


36 


274 


277 


24 


18 


36 


89 


J 


814 


30 


4 


33 


33 


274 


281 


23 


15 


29 


93 


J 


878 


31 


5 


35 


35 


295 


285 


26 


21 


41 


104 


A 


838 


29 


4 


33 


34 


280 


279 


24 


17 


40 


99 


S 


798 


27 


4 


33 


31 


281 


262 


23 


14 


34 


88 


O 


787 


29 


4 


32 


34 


282 


245 


22 


15 


34 


91 


N 


840 


33 


5 


33 


36 


295 


253 


28 


17 


41 


99 


D 


882 


31 


5 


33 


38 


314 


277 


31 


21 


39 


93 


1978 J 


991 


32 


6 


38 


36 


339 


316 


36 


26 


48 


115 


F 


1,007 


32 


5 


39 


40 


342 


326 


37 


26 


50 


109 


M 


1,045 


35 


6 


42 


40 


351 


345 


36 


30 


51 


108 


A 


999 


37 


7 


43 


43 


329 


330 


33 


27 


50 


100 


M 


933 


37 


5 


37 


38 


325 


307 


30 


22 


39 


92 


J 


903 


33 


4 


35 


31 


323 


308 


27 


19 


35 


90 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 
M.C.D. 4 



1976 J 


758 


27 


6 


32 


28 


234 


258 


21 


17 


32 


101 


A 


742 


26 


4 


35 


29 


245 


234 


20 


19 


33 


94 


S 


743 


26 


4 


33 


30 


259 


224 


21 


15 


32 


96 


O 


770 


26 


5 


35 


29 


261 


252 


21 


16 


33 


86 


N 


760 


26 


5 


36 


29 


257 


249 


21 


15 


32 


88 


D 


780 


26 


4 


33 


30 


259 


255 


22 


15 


35 


100 


1977 J 


786 


26 


4 


32 


35 


254 


259 


25 


17 


39 


102 


F 


835 


29 


5 


38 


34 


273 


278 


28 


17 


36 


95 


M 


858 


31 


5 


40 


38 


283 


286 


28 


22 


40 


101 


A 


868 


31 


5 


37 


34 


274 


291 


30 


23 


39 


102 


M 


840 


29 


5 


35 


33 


278 


287 


26 


20 


38 


90 


J 


848 


31 


5 


35 


34 


272 


285 


26 


17 


36 


97 


J 


866 


31 


5 


34 


35 


288 


278 


26 


19 


41 


100 


A 


881 


31 


5 


35 


37 


288 


288 


26 


17 


44 


102 


S 


887 


30 


5 


35 


35 


301 


294 


27 


18 


40 


97 


O 


887 


32 


5 


35 


38 


308 


277 


26 


19 


39 


98 


N 


903 


34 


6 


35 


38 


313 


281 


29 


19 


42 


99 


D 


911 


33 


6 


34 


38 


319 


288 


29 


21 


41 


101 


1978 J 


891 


31 


5 


36 


35 


321 


281 


29 


23 


38 


103 


F 


901 


31 


4 


35 


37 


312 


287 


31 


22 


43 


101 


M 


938 


32 


5 


38 


37 


329 


307 


31 


25 


42 


102 


A 


935 


32 


6 


38 


39 


320 


310 


32 


24 


45 


92 


M 


949 


35 


5 


37 


36 


331 


311 


32 


23 


42 


96 


J 


944 


34 


5 


37 


32 


327 


309 


31 


22 


44 


94 



See footnotes, Table 3 



45 



Section 4-Table 5/Continued July 1978 

Table 5: Labour force characteristics of the population 15 years of age and over, by province (thousands of persons)/continued 



Annual 
average 










Table 5.4: 


Participation 


rates' 










month 


Canada 


Nfld 


P.E.I. 


N.S. 


N.B 


Que. 


Ont 


Man. 


Sask 


Alb. 


B.C. 


D 

D 


767288 

767610 


767841 
769756 


767979 
769757 


768117 
769758 


768255 
769759 


768417 
769760 


768587 
769763 


768733 
769766 


768871 
769767 


769009 
769768 


769172 
769769 


1976 
1977 


61.1 
61.5 


49.4 
50.6 


57.0 
57.3 


55.2 
55.3 


53.7 
53.8 


58.3 
58.8 


64.0 
64.4 


61.2 
61.6 


60.4 
61.4 


66.5 
66.5 


61.5 
61 8 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 J 


64.2 


54.2 


63.3 


58.2 


57.5 


61.7 


66.7 


64.0 


63.7 


69.1 


64.5 


A 


63.6 


53.8 


61.0 


57.8 


57.8 


60.7 


66.3 


64.1 


64.8 


68.3 


63.9 


S 


61.1 


52.0 


59.0 


55.3 


55.3 


58.2 


63.4 


61.8 


62.0 


666 


61.8 


O 


60.9 


51.3 


57.3 


55.4 


54.2 


58.2 


63.3 


61.3 


603 


663 


61.8 


N 


60.5 


48.9 


55.8 


55.1 


52.9 


57.8 


63.1 


61.3 


59.9 


66.1 


61.3 


D 


60.0 


47.1 


52.4 


54.3 


51.8 


57.3 


63.0 


60.0 


59.2 


65.5 


60.2 


1977 J 


59.4 


44.8 


51.1 


51.9 


50.3 


56.7 


62.6 


59.5 


57.6 


65.4 


59.8 


F 


59.7 


46.3 


536 


52.7 


50.1 


57.0 


63.2 


59.6 


58.1 


65.3 


59.8 


M 


60.1 


47.7 


54.1 


54.0 


50.5 


57.3 


63.1 


59.8 


59.4 


65.3 


60.6 


A 


60.2 


47.6 


55.1 


540 


50.3 


57.1 


63.2 


61.1 


60.4 


662 


61.1 


M 


61.9 


5f.8 


596 


55.7 


54.1 


586 


649 


61.7 


61.8 


672 


62.5 


J 


63.0 


54.3 


62.1 


56.8 


558 


60.1 


65.8 


628 


62.9 


67.4 


63.4 


J 


643 


56.3 


63.5 


590 


58.5 


61.5 


668 


645 


64.5 


686 


64.8 


A 


64.1 


55.4 


63.5 


59.1 


584 


61.3 


668 


64.2 


65.2 


68.3 


64.1 


S 


61.8 


52.0 


57.9 


55.8 


55.4 


59.3 


64.2 


61.7 


62.5 


66.1 


62.3 


O 


61.7 


50.7 


57.1 


55.3 


55.1 


59.0 


64.4 


62.1 


62 8 


664 


61.4 


N 


61.4 


51.3 


558 


55.0 


536 


590 


64.1 


61.6 


61.4 


660 


61.0 


D 


609 


48.9 


53.6 


54.2 


52.8 


58.7 


63.8 


61.0 


60.0 


65.8 


606 


1978 J 


600 


47 .1 


52.1 


53.0 


51.3 


57.3 


63 1 


60.5 


58.7 


64.8 


60.6 


F 


60.5 


47.3 


52.6 


53.4 


51.5 


58.0 


634 


61.4 


59.1 


658 


61.3 


M 


61.3 


47.7 


54.4 


53.8 


51.8 


588 


64.2 


61.7 


60.2 


66.3 


62.2 


A 


61.3 


489 


55.5 


55.5 


52.1 


58.2 


643 


61.5 


604 


67.1 


62.1 


M 


62.9 


51.6 


60.1 


56.8 


55.7 


59.9 


65.6 


634 


63.3 


685 


632 


J 


64.3 


54.3 


63.3 


58.0 


57.1 


61.5 


67.2 


638 


63.8 


688 


643 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 
M.C.D. 



1976 J 


61.3 


49.6 


57.6 


548 


534 


586 


642 


61.4 


60.5 


66.4 


61.8 


A 


61.2 


49.7 


55.3 


55.0 


53.3 


580 


64.1 


61.7 


61.0 


662 


62.1 


S 


61.1 


50.0 


55.8 


54.9 


53.6 


580 


63.7 


61 5 


61.0 


66.5 


62.0 


O 


60.9 


50.4 


57.0 


55.3 


53.1 


58.3 


638 


608 


59.7 


66.1 


61.7 


N 


60.8 


48.9 


57.0 


552 


53.4 


58.1 


633 


61 6 


60 5 


66.2 


61.9 


D 


60.8 


48.8 


55.8 


549 


53.3 


se.o 


63.6 


608 


60.4 


66.1 


61.4 


1977 J 


61.1 


48.3 


55.8 


54.0 


53.8 


586 


64.0 


61.3 


60 7 


66.8 


61.3 


F 


61.4 


50.0 


57.5 


55.1 


53.0 


58.7 


64.1 


61.3 


60 7 


668 


61.2 


M 


61.5 


51.1 


57.5 


56.0 


539 


589 


643 


61.5 


61 .7 


66 7 


61.6 


A 


61.5 


49.9 


57.5 


55.2 


53.0 


584 


64.3 


62.0 


61 4 


67.5 


61.5 


M 


61.6 


51.6 


57.5 


55.1 


53.1 


587 


646 


61.3 


61 


66 9 


61.7 


J 


61.4 


51.6 


586 


55.2 


534 


584 


64.2 


61.3 


61.3 


66 1 


623 


J 


61.5 


515 


568 


557 


54.5 


584 


64.3 


617 


61.4 


660 


620 


A 


61.7 


51.2 


59.1 


564 


540 


587 


646 


61.6 


61.6 


66.4 


62.2 


S 


61.8 


50.0 


56.8 


55.4 


535 


59.1 


646 


61.4 


61.6 


66.1 


625 


O 


617 


49.9 


568 


55.3 


54.2 


59.1 


64.9 


61.7 


622 


66.3 


61 3 


N 


61.7 


51.4 


56.2 


55.2 


54.1 


593 


645 


61.7 


62.0 


662 


61 6 


D 


61.7 


50.9 


57.3 


54.8 


54.1 


594 


645 


61 9 


61 2 


665 


61.7 


1978 J 


61.6 


50.8 


56.2 


55.2 


54.6 


59 .1 


645 


62.1 


61 7 


66 1 


61.9 


F 


62.0 


51.2 


56.2 


55.6 


54.7 


59.6 


644 


629 


61 6 


66 7 


625 


M 


62.4 


50.7 


57.3 


55.6 


55 1 


600 


650 


63.3 


62.4 


67.2 


629 


A 


62.3 


51.2 


57.8 


566 


54.8 


59.6 


65.3 


626 


61.6 


676 


62.5 


M 


62.5 


51.0 


57.8 


56.0 


54.7 


599 


65.2 


630 


622 


678 


62.5 


J 


62.6 


51.2 


58.9 


564 


54.3 


598 


65.4 


626 


62.3 


677 


62 9 



See footnotes. Table 3 



46 



July 1978 Section 4-Table 5/Concluded 

Table 5: Labour force characteristics of the population 15 years of age and over, by province (thousands of persons)/concluded 



Annual 
average 










Table 5.5: 


Unemployment 


rates2 










month 


Canada 


Nfld 


P.E.I. 


N.S. 


N.B. 


Que. 


Ont. 


Man. 


Sask. 


Alb. 


B.C. 


D 
D 


767289 
767611 


767842 
767902 


767980 
768040 


768118 
768178 


768256 
768316 


768418 
768478 


768588 
768648 


768734 
768794 


768872 
768932 


769010 
769070 


769173 
769233 


1976 
1977 


7.1 
8.1 


13.6 
15.9 


9.8 
10.0 


9.6 
10.7 


11.1 
13.4 


8.7 
10.3 


6.2 

7.0 


4.7 

5.9 


4.0 

45 


3.9 

4.4 


8.6 

8.5 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 J 


7.2 


13.6 


10.1 


9.6 


10.0 


8.3 


6.5 


44 


4.4 


3.6 


8.8 


A 


6.6 


12.0 


7.6 


9.5 


9.3 


8.3 


5.6 


3.8 


4.4 


3.4 


7.7 


S 


6.5 


11.9 


7.3 


9.4 


9.4 


8.8 


5.2 


4.1 


2.9 


3.2 


7.7 


O 


6.6 


12.0 


8.1 


9.6 


9.6 


8.6 


5.7 


3.8 


2.9 


3.4 


7.1 


N 


6.9 


13.8 


8.7 


10.2 


10.6 


8.7 


5.8 


4.4 


3.2 


3.7 


7.8 


D 


7.4 


13.9 


8.8 


10.0 


11.8 


9.4 


6.3 


54 


3.6 


3.9 


8.2 


1977 J 


8.8 


17.1 


11.1 


11.1 


14.7 


10.3 


7.7 


7.0 


49 


5.8 


10.0 


F 


9.1 


17.4 


13.5 


13.2 


15.1 


113 


8.0 


7.5 


5.4 


4.6 


9.2 


M 


9.2 


18.1 


12.9 


13.2 


16.2 


11.0 


7.9 


7.2 


6.5 


5.4 


9.3 


A 


8.8 


19.2 


13.8 


12.7 


15.2 


10.6 


7.6 


6.8 


6.0 


4.7 


9.5 


M 


7.7 


15.3 


9.6 


10.4 


13.6 


9.9 


6.8 


5.2 


4.3 


4.0 


76 


J 


7.5 


14.4 


7.0 


9.6 


118 


9.6 


6.8 


4.8 


3.5 


3.3 


7.8 


J 


7.9 


14.7 


85 


9.8 


12.0 


10.1 


6.8 


5.3 


4.7 


45 


8.5 


A 


7.5 


13.9 


7.5 


9.2 


11.6 


9.6 


6.6 


5.0 


3.7 


4.4 


8.2 


S 


7.5 


13.9 


7.3 


9.7 


11.3 


9.9 


6.5 


5.0 


3.4 


38 


7.5 


O 


7.3 


14.8 


8.6 


9.4 


12.1 


10.0 


6.0 


4.7 


3.5 


3.8 


7.8 


N 


7.9 


16.7 


11.0 


10.0 


13.5 


10.5 


6.2 


6.1 


3.9 


4.5 


8.5 


D 


8.3 


16.6 


11.1 


10.1 


142 


11.2 


6.8 


6.7 


5.1 


4.4 


8.0 


1978 J 


9.5 


17 6 


12.4 


11.7 


14.0 


12.4 


7.9 


7.8 


6.4 


5.4 


9.9 


F 


9.5 


17.8 


11.7 


119 


15.3 


12.3 


8.1 


8.0 


6.4 


56 


9.3 


M 


9.7 


19 4 


12.7 


12.9 


15.2 


12.5 


84 


78 


7.1 


5.5 


9.1 


A 


93 


19.6 


15.0 


12.6 


16.3 


11.8 


8.0 


7.0 


6.4 


54 


8.4 


M 


8.4 


18.5 


9.7 


10.8 


13.6 


11.3 


7.3 


6.2 


5.1 


4.1 


7.6 


J 


80 


15.7 


7.5 


97 


10.7 


10 9 


7.1 


5.5 


4.1 


3.7 


7.2 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 
M.C.D. 



1976 J 


7.3 


14.7 


11.7 


9.9 


10.8 


8.6 


65 


4.7 


4.2 


3.7 


8.9 


A 


7.2 


14.1 


93 


10.7 


11.2 


9.0 


5.9 


4.4 


4.6 


3.9 


82 


S 


7.2 


140 


92 


10.1 


11.5 


9.5 


5.7 


4.6 


37 


3.7 


8.4 


o 


7.4 


13.8 


10.0 


10.6 


11.2 


9.6 


6.4 


4.7 


4.0 


3.8 


7.5 


N 


73 


14.2 


9.4 


10.9 


11.1 


94 


6.3 


4.6 


3.7 


3.7 


7.7 


D 


7.5 


14.2 


8.9 


10.1 


11.5 


9.5 


6.5 


49 


3.7 


4.0 


8.7 


1977 J 


7.5 


14.4 


8.9 


9.9 


13.2 


92 


6.5 


5.5 


4.1 


4.4 


8.9 


F 


8.0 


15 4 


9.9 


115 


13.0 


9.9 


7.0 


6.2 


4.1 


4.1 


8.3 


M 


8.1 


16.1 


10.5 


11.9 


142 


10.2 


7.1 


6.1 


5.2 


4.5 


8.8 


A 


8.2 


16.5 


10.3 


11.1 


12.9 


9.9 


7.2 


6.5 


5.5 


4.3 


8.8 


M 


7.9 


14.9 


10.2 


10.5 


12.5 


10.0 


7.1 


5.7 


4.8 


4.3 


7.8 


J 


8.0 


159 


9.1 


10.5 


12.8 


9.8 


7.1 


5.7 


4.0 


4.1 


8.3 


J 


8.2 


15.9 


9.8 


101 


12.9 


10.4 


6.9 


5.6 


4.5 


4.6 


8.6 


A 


8.2 


16.0 


9.1 


10.3 


13.7 


10.3 


7.1 


5.6 


4.0 


4.9 


8.7 


S 


8.3 


15.8 


9.2 


10.4 


13.1 


10.7 


7.2 


5.9 


4.2 


45 


8.2 


O 


8.3 


16.8 


10.5 


104 


14.0 


10.9 


6.8 


56 


4.4 


4.3 


8.4 


N 


8.4 


17.3 


11.6 


10.4 


14.0 


11.1 


6.9 


6.3 


4.4 


4.7 


8.5 


D 


8.5 


17.0 


11.1 


10.2 


14.0 


1 1.3 


70 


6.2 


5.0 


4.5 


8.6 


1978 J 


8.3 


16.0 


10.7 


10.7 


12.7 


11.4 


6.9 


62 


5.4 


4.2 


8.7 


F 


8.3 


15.8 


8.2 


10.3 


13.4 


10.9 


7.0 


6.5 


5.1 


4.7 


8.4 


M 


8.6 


16.5 


10.5 


11.2 


133 


11.5 


7.4 


6.5 


5.7 


4.5 


8.5 


A 


8.6 


16.3 


11.1 


11.0 


14.0 


11.2 


7.4 


6.8 


5.6 


4.8 


7.7 


M 


8.6 


17.9 


10.1 


10.8 


12.9 


11.5 


7.5 


6.7 


5.3 


4.4 


8.0 


J 


8.6 


17.3 


9.7 


10.7 


11.6 


11.4 


7.4 


6.6 


5.0 


4.7 


7.8 



See footnotes, Table 3. 



47 



Section 


4-Tables 6 anc 


i 7 




















July 1978 


Table 6: 


Unemployment 


insurance statistics 




































Benefits data 






















Type of benefits paid 












Claims 


data 










































Initial and 










renewal 




Average 


Total 
















Insured 


Benefi- 


claims 


Number 


weekly 


benelits 














Year 
and 


population? claries'. 2 


received 


of weeks 


payment.2 


pairj3 


Regular 


Sickness 


Maternity Retirement 


Fishing 


Trainees 4 


month 


Thousands 


Thou sands 




Dollars 






Thousand dollars 








D 


1248 


1251 


1232 


1234 


1249 


1235 


1243 


1244 


1245 


1246 


1247 


1250 


1976 


9,249 


701 


2,675 


36,189 


92.96 


3,361,573 


3,019,686 


129,802 


139.624 


18,048 


28,881 


25,530 


1977 


9,504 


750 


2,807 


38.701 


101.01 


3,909,045 


3.485,080 


155,828 


172,228 


13,543 


48,400 


33,963 


1976 M 


9,243 


704 


184 


3,082 


91.77 


282,849 


257,729 


9,458 


11.073 


1,411 


966 


2.212 


J 


9,464 


605 


195 


2,797 


90.87 


254,167 


229,328 


9.497 


11,790 


1.273 


76 


2.202 


J 


9,670 


585 


212 


2,408 


90.92 


218,914 


193,672 


10,692 


11,913 


1,395 


20 


1.222 


A 


9.630 


587 


171 


2,682 


91.73 


246,031 


218,778 


11,822 


12,876 


1,694 


11 


850 


S 


9,245 


542 


231 


2,345 


93.20 


218,589 


191,721 


11,922 


12,595 


1,191 


9 


1,150 





9,261 


572 


226 


2,190 


94.56 


207,056 


180,498 


10.953 


12.682 


1,030 


15 


1.878 


N 


9,225 


616 


292 


2,735 


95.47 


261,116 


230,494 


12,338 


13,819 


1.057 


1.098 


2,310 


D 


9,209 


731 


304 


2,787 


97.65 


272,186 


238,534 


11,900 


12,049 


855 


6.250 


2,597 


1977 J 


9,150 


893 


267 


3,948 


100.56 


397,031 


356,223 


13.820 


13.679 


1.070 


9.416 


'2.823 


F 


9,211 


927 


200 


3,734 


101.51 


379,067 


340,234 


13,130 


12,402 


1,090 


8.855 


3,356 


M 


9,244 


911 


211 


4,245 


100 83 


428,029 


383,752 


15,546 


14,578 


1,210 


9,174 


3.768 


A 


9,258 


870 


200 


3,512 


101.18 


355,355 


318,757 


12.588 


13,071 


1,046 


6,768 


3.125 


M 


9,520 


738 


201 


3,668 


99.00 


363,169 


325,889 


13,559 


15.198 


1,128 


4,519 


2.875 


J 


9,691 


641 


199 


2.850 


9886 


281,723 


250,356 


13.025 


14.424 


1.130 


284 


2.504 


J 


9,897 


625 


215 


2,498 


9877 


246,704 


218,932 


11,902 


13.458 


1.093 


26 


1.293 


A 


9,929 


642 


199 


3,095 


99.44 


307,785 


275,640 


13,744 


15.994 


1.296 


12 


1.099 


S 


9.560 


584 


238 


2,429 


100 75 


244,760 


216.668 


11,677 


13,993 


1.097 


7 


1.318 





9,555 


634 


242 


2,641 


101.94 


269,262 


237,355 


12,413 


15.652 


1.239 


11 


2.591 


N 


9,535 


702 


318 


3,063 


103.40 


316,721 


281,264 


13,193 


16,445 


1,215 


1,513 


3.091 


D 


9,502 


838 


317 


3,018 


105.84 


319.439 


280,010 


11,231 


13.334 


929 


7.815 


6.120 


1978 J 


9,372 


1,011 


300 


4,712 


109.01 


513,674 


461.958 


14.313 


16.286 


1,328 


13.048 


6.742 


F 


9,453 


1,029 - 


211 


4,182 


110.21 


460.890 


411.269 


13.758 


14.136 


1.160 


10.961 


9.607 


M 


9,565 


983 


207 


4,266 


110 46 


471,167 


419,574 


14.954 


15.222 


1.170 


10.613 


9.634 


A 


9,597 


948 


217 


3,955 


110.33 


436,410 


385,689 


13.640 


15.159 


1.238 


9.491 


11.192 



'"Beneficiaries" refer to the number of persons receiving $1 00 or more in unemployment insurance benefit during a specific week each month 2Annual figures are averages 
of 12 months 3p r ior to July 1971, includes adjustments for cancellation of warrants and collection of overpayments "Trainees on courses approved by Canada Employ- 
ment and Immigration Commission. 
Sources: Statistical Report on the Operation of the Unemployment Insurance Act (73-001) Statistics Canada. 



Table 7: Help wanted indexi, by region (1969= 100) 



Year and 
Quarter 


Canada 


Atlantic Region 


Quebec 


Ontario 


Prairie Region 


British 
Columbia 


Seasonally adjusted 


D 


730173 


730174 


730175 


730176 


730177 


730178 



1976 
1977 



157 
153 



136 
152 



195 
189 



106 
104 



212 
198 



149 

147 



1975 2 
3 
4 



165 
168 
160 



217 
248 
162 



193 
220 
207 



119 
114 
108 



210 
188 
193 



153 
149 
151 



1976 1 
2 

3 

4 



169 
149 
155 
156 



133 
132 
149 
131 



210 
186 
193 
190 



116 
100 
103 
103 



211 
197 
214 
227 



165 
138 
142 
149 



1977 1 
2 
3 
4 



160 
149 
148 
153 



172 
170 
129 
136 



193 
180 
186 
198 



110 
105 
98 
103 



212 
192 
199 
190 



149 
144 
148 
146 



1978 1 



163 



131 



216 



104 



212 



135 



1 The index is based on a measure of the volume of help wanted advertising in 18 newspapers in major metropolitan areas 
Source: Labour Division, Statistics Canada. 



48 



July 1978 

Table 8.1: Job vacancies,' by province 



Section 4-Tables 8.1 and 8.2 



Annual 


Canada2 


Nfld. 


N.S. 


N.B. 


Quebec 


Ont. 


Man. 


Sask. 


Alta 


BC 


Canada 

Seasonally 

Adjusted 


and quarter 












Thousands 












D 


720545 


723195 


723395 


723495 


723595 


725120 


727970 


728170 


728270 


729895 


730169 



1976 
1977 

1975 2 
3 
43 

1976 1 
2 
3 

4 

1977 1 
2 
3 
4 

1978 1 



51.4 
44.4 

70.1 
71.0 
50.8 

48.1 
54.6 
62.3 
40.3 

39.7 
49.7 
52.7 
356 



0.6 
0.5 

1.2 

1.4 
05 

05 
0.7 
0.7 
0.5 

05 
0.5 
05 
0.4 



1.1 
0.9 

1.8 
1.7 
1.0 

1.3 
1.1 
1.3 
0.6 

06 
1.3 
1.2 
0.6 



1.2 
0.8 

2.0 

1.7 
1.4 

1.4 

1.5 
1.2 
0.8 

0.7 
0.9 
0.9 
0.7 



11.9 

9.5 

17.9 
18.4 
11.2 

13.7 

119 

13.2 

8.9 

9.3 

9.8 

11.4 

7.4 



17.6 

17.5 

24.0 
24.1 

20.1 

15.4 
19.4 
22.1 
13.7 

14.0 
20.7 
20.4 
14.7 



2.9 

2.0 

4.3 
5.2 
2.4 

2.7 
3.4 
3.6 
1.7 

1.6 
2.7 
2.3 

1.4 



2.5 

1.7 

4.4 
3.8 
3.2 

22 
2.4 
32 
2.1 

1.8 
1.9 
2.0 
1.0 



9.2 

7.2 

8.2 

9.1 
7.3 

73 

92 

11.6 

8.5 

7.2 
7.7 
8.3 
5.6 



4.1 
4.0 

5.6 
4.7 
3.4 

3.5 
4.7 
5.0 
3.3 

3.5 
3.9 
5.3 
3.4 



67.6 
58.2 
57.0 

56.7 
52.6 
50.9 
45.6 

46.8 
47.8 
42.9 
40.5 

44.7 



'Vacancies for full-time, casual, part-time, seasonal and temporary jobs which were immediately available. 2|ncludes Prince Edward Island and the Yukon and Northwest Terri- 
tories for which separate reliable estimates are not available. 3Due to postal strike the mail sample was reduced. These estimates should be used with caution due to their 
reduced reliability. 
Source: Quarterly Report on Job Vacancies (71-002) Statistics Canada. 



Table 8.2: Job vacancy rates,' by province 



























Canada 


























Seasonally 


Annua 


I 


Canada2 


Nfld. 


N.S. 


N.B. 


Que. 


Ont 


Man. 


Sask 


Alfa 


B.C. 


Adjusted 


























and quarter 










Rates 


per thousand 














D 


730100 


730101 


730103 


730104 


730105 


730106 


730107 


730108 


730109 


730110 


730172 


1976 




6 


4 


4 


6 


5 


5 


8 


9 


14 


4 




1977 




5 


3 


3 


4 


4 


5 


6 


6 


10 


4 




1975 


2 


9 


9 


8 


10 


8 


7 


13 


17 


14 


6 


9 




3 


8 


9 


7 


8 


8 


7 


15 


15 


14 


5 


8 




43 


6 


4 


4 


7 


5 


6 


7 


13 


12 


4 


6 


1976 


1 


6 


4 


5 


7 


6 


5 


8 


8 


11 


4 


6 




2 


6 


5 


4 


7 


5 


6 


9 


9 


14 


5 


6 




3 


7 


4 


5 


5 


6 


6 


10 


11 


17 


5 


7 




4 


5 


4 


2 


4 


4 


4 


5 


8 


13 


3 


5 


1977 


1 


5 


4 


2 


4 


4 


4 


5 


7 


10 


4 


5 




2 


6 


3 


5 


5 


4 


6 


7 


7 


11 


4 


6 




3 


6 


3 


4 


4 


5 


6 


6 


7 


11 


5 


5 




4 


4 


3 


2 


3 


3 


4 


4 


4 


8 


4 


5 



1978 1 



1A vacancy rate is obtained by expressing the number of vacancies per thousand existing jobs (sum of vacant and filled |Obs) in all industries, except agriculture, fishing and 
trapping, domestic service and the non-civilian component of public administration and defence Both full-time and part-time jobs are included. 2|ncludes Prince Edward Is- 
land and the Yukon and Northwest Territories for which separate reliable estimates are not available 3Que to postal strike the mail sample was reduced. These estimates 
should be used with caution due to their reduced reliability 
Source: Quarterly Report on Job Vacancies (71-002), Statistics Canada. 



49 



Section 4-Table 8/Concluded 

Table 8.3: Vacancies for full-time jobs, by province 



July 1978 



Annual 
average 


Canada' 


Nfld. 


N.S. 


NB 


Quebec 


Ont 


Man. 


Sask. 


Alta. 


B.C 


Canada 

Seasonally 

Adjusted 


and quarter 












Thousands 












D 


720546 


723196 


723396 


723496 


723596 


725121 


727971 


728171 


728271 


729896 


730170 



1976 
1977 

1975 2 
3 
42 

1976 1 
2 
3 
4 

1977 1 
2 
3 

4 

1978 1 



46.0 
38.7 

62.5 
63.0 
44.8 

44.1 
49.3 
54.7 
35.8 

35.3 
43.2 
45.5 
30.9 



0.5 
04 

1.2 
1.3 
0.5 

0.5 
0.6 
0.6 
0.5 

0.4 
0.4 
0.5 
0.4 



1.0 
0.8 

1.7 
16 
0.9 

1.3 
1.0 
1.1 
0.5 

0.5 

1.1 
1.1 
0.6 



1.0 

0.7 

1.9 
1.6 
14 

1.3 
1.2 
0.9 
07 

0.6 
0.8 
0.7 
06 



11.0 

8.3 

16.4 
17.7 
10.0 

12.9 

11.4 

11.7 

7.8 

8.6 
9.0 
9.6 
6.2 



15.6 
15.2 

20.7 
19.8 
17.1 

13.5 
17.0 
19.6 
12.3 

12.3 
17.8 
17.7 
12.8 



2.5 

1.6 

3.8 
4.7 
2.2 

2.4 
2.9 
3.2 

1.4 

1.4 
2.1 
1.9 
1.2 



2.1 
1.5 

40 
3.6 
2.7 

2.0 
2.1 
2.5 

1.8 

1.6 
1.7 
1.8 
0.9 



8.4 

6.4 

7.4 
7.8 
66 

6.8 

8.4 

10.5 

7.8 

6.4 
6.6 
7.3 
5.2 



3.6 
34 

5.0 
42 
3.1 

3.2 
4.2 
4.2 
2.7 

30 
3.4 
4.6 
2.9 



60.3 
51.9 
50.5 

51.2 
47.4 
45.0 
40.6 

41.0 

41.5 
37.4 
35.3 

39.7 



1 Includes Prince Edward Island and the Yukon and Northwest Territories for which separate reliable estimates are not available 
reduced. These estimates should be used with caution due to their reduced reliability 
Source: Quarterly Report on Job Vacancies (71-002) Statistics Canada. 



2Due to postal strike the mail sample was 



Table 8.4: Vacancies for full-time jobs unfilled for at least a month, by province 



Annual 
average 
and quarter 


Canada' 


N.S. 


NB 


Quebec 


Ont 


Man 


Alta 


B.C 


Canada 
Seasonally 

Adjusted 










Thousands 










D 


720547 


723397 


723497 


723597 


725122 


727972 


728272 


729897 


730171 



1976 
1977 

1975 2 
3 
42 

1976 1 
2 
3 

4 

1977 1 
2 
3 
4 

1978 1 



163 


13.3 


25.4 


23.8 


14.9 


157 


15.5 


20.3 


13.9 


12.4 


13.2 


15.7 


12.1 



0.4 

04 

07 

08 

X 

0.6 
0.3 
0.5 
0.2 

03 
0.5 
0.4 
0.3 



04 
0.3 

06 

0.9 

X 

06 
0.4 
0.4 
0.3 

03 
0.3 
0.3 

03 



4.9 
3.4 

8.7 
8.1 
3.8 

5.3 
5.2 
5.4 
3.7 

2.8 
3.5 

4.4 
2.7 



45 
44 

74 
6.2 
5.2 

42 
4.1 
5.8 
3.7 

3.7 

4.5 
4.6 
4.7 



0.7 
0.5 

1.3 

14 
X 

06 
08 
08 
0.4 

04 
05 
05 
04 



34 
2.5 

3.2 

28 
X 

27 
25 
4.4 
38 

2.6 
20 
3.2 
23 



1.0 

11 

1.6 

1.3 

X 

0.9 
1.1 
12 
0.8 

1.0 
1.1 
1.3 
09 



28.0 
19.0 
16.0 

17.3 
17.0 
161 
15.1 

13.7 
144 
12 5 
13.2 

13.4 



1 Includes Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island and Saskatchewan and the Yukon and Northwest Territories lor which separate reliable estimates are not available 
postal strike, the mail sample was reduced and thus the maionty ol provincial estimates are not publishable 
Source: Quarterly Report on Job Vacancies (71-002) Statistics Canada. 



2Due to 



50 



July 1978 

Table 9: Time lost in work stoppages!, by industry groups2 (thousand man-days3) 



Section 4-Table 9 























Manufacturing 


































Paper 


Year 








Fishing 


Mines, 




Food 
















Furniture 


and 


and 








and 


quarries, 




and bev- 


Tobacco 








Knitting 






and 


allied 


montf 




Total* 


Forestry 


trapping 


oil wells 


Total 


erages 


products 


Rubber 


Leather 


Textiles 


mills 


Clothing 


Wood 


fixtures 


industries 




D 


1601 


1602 


1603 


1604 


1605 


1606 


1607 


1608 


1609 


1610 


1611 


1612 


1613 


1614 


1615 


1976 




11,685.3 


36.5 


0.4 


579.5 


4,493.4 


176.0 


21.9 


39.2 


15.6 


255.0 


16.2 


- 


127.4 


56.0 


1,170.9 


1977 




3,742.4 


46.1 


20.9 


119.5 


1,920.3 


178.7 


- 


39.0 


3.3 


64.9 


93 


20.8 


74.1 


39.0 


218.3 


1976 


A 


709.8 


- 


. 


46.0 


129.6 


7.2 


. 


3.4 


2.4 


20.1 


1.8 


. 


9.6 


1.5 


1.9 




M 


6605 


2.7 


- 


57.9 


226.6 


6.0 


- 


5.8 


25 


47.5 


- 


- 


16.1 


70 


6.2 




J 


1,299.5 


7.8 


0.4 


130.3 


533.0 


24.4 


- 


11.2 


28 


39.7 


1.1 


- 


17.2 


9.1 


19.4 




J 


1,2702 


7.5 


- 


94.0 


5184 


17.8 


- 


2.2 


2.0 


32.6 


4.5 


- 


15.4 


- 


29.1 




A 


1,186.6 


75 


- 


136.7 


486.5 


23.7 


0.1 


1.3 


0.8 


346 


1.3 


- 


16.0 


2.8 


27.4 




S 


1,943.9 


7.5 


- 


29.7 


4986 


26.1 


1.9 


2.6 


- 


31.5 


- 


- 


12.2 


1.7 


36.9 




O 


2,035.7 


20 


- 


20.6 


389.8 


4.4 


6.4 


2.5 


- 


32.6 


- 


- 


8.3 


1.3 


15.4 




N 


4987 


- 


- 


12.7 


289.0 


11.1 


13.5 


2.6 


- 


- 


- 


- 


8.4 


1.9 


24.1 




D 


2490 


09 


- 


7.3 


156 9 


94 


- 


0.9 


- 


- 


- 


- 


7.4 


0.6 


36.0 


1977 


J 


201.7 


. 


20.0 


12 6 


123.5 


6.1 


. 


06 


. 


. 


1.3 


0.5 


7.0 


1.8 


35.2 




F 


199 4 


1.2 


0.4 


36.7 


94.6 


15.5 


- 


2.9 


- 


0.3 


2.0 


1.0 


6.5 


1.3 


13.9 




M 


198.2 


5.3 


- 


70 


112.3 


136 


- 


1.1 


- 


6.6 


2.4 


5.7 


1.8 


- 


24.0 




A 


3422 


4.6 


0.5 


7.5 


2285 


19.5 


- 


4.5 


- 


9.0 


2.0 


- 


5.2 


2.5 


408 




M 


359.8 


7.8 


- 


66 


211.6 


21.0 


- 


0.2 


3.2 


10.6 


1.6 


98 


6.6 


3.6 


37.7 




J 


3265 


7.0 


- 


4.7 


182 8 


22.6 


- 


3.8 


- 


7.5 


- 


3.1 


6.8 


3.5 


14.7 




J 


4666 


66 


- 


38 


176.4 


22.7 


- 


6.8 


- 


12.6 


- 


- 


3.6 


4.8 


2.5 




A 


404.5 


5.8 


- 


13.1 


197.6 


18.8 


- 


88 


1 


8.6 


- 


- 


11.5 


5.5 


15.2 




S 


314.4 


7.1 


- 


9.8 


197.7 


15.9 


- 


6.6 


- 


7.1 


- 


0.7 


4.1 


5.0 


22.3 




O 


243.1 


0.7 


- 


13.5 


154.3 


85 


- 


3.7 


- 


- 


- 


- 


5.3 


4.9 


4.0 




N 


317.4 


- 


- 


40 


141.9 


52 


- 


- 


- 


2.6 


- 


- 


8.6 


6 1 


7.8 




D 


3686 


- 


- 


0.2 


99.1 


93 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


7.1 


- 


0.2 


1978 


J 


3662 


. 


- 


0.2 


96.0 


99 


. 


. 


06 


3.0 


. 


. 


4.8 


0.3 


4.1 




F 


278.5 


- 


- 


6.9 


126 8 


11.2 


- 


1 


1.5 


- 


- 


- 


8.5 


2.0 


4.1 




M 


4065 


2.8 


" 


988 


136.4 


14.7 


" 


0.6 


08 


1.4 






3.2 


38 


1.3 












Manutacturing 




















Commu- 
nity, 
























Misc 










business 














Trans- 




Non- 


Petro- 




manufac- 






Trade 


and 


Year 








Metal 




portation 


Elec- 


metallic 


leum 


Chemical 


turing 










personal 


and 






Primary 


fabri- 


Ma- 


equip- 


trical 


mineral 


and coal 


indus- 


indus- 


Con- 


Transpor- 


Whole- 




service 


month 




Printings 


metals 


cating 


chinery 


ment 


products 


products 


products 


tries 


tries 


struction 


tation6 


sale 


Retail 


industries 




D 


1616 


1617 


1618 


1619 


1620 


1621 


1622 


1623 


1624 


1625 


1626 


1627 


1628 


1629 


1630 


1976 




45.6 


1,451.5 


176.5 


77.8 


392.8 


208.9 


84.4 


10.8 


145.4 


22.5 


2,856.5 


698.0 


56.8 


152.6 


2,822.0 


1977 




221.8 


111.4 


181.9 


119.0 


301.9 


106.1 


137.6 


20 


66.9 


25.5 


435.9 


515.5 


42.7 


103.5 


5384 


1976 


A 


5.1 


23.5 


37 


6.1 


16.0 


2.5 


3.0 


0.9 


21.1 


. 


6.9 


68.4 


1.9 


5.5 


451.5 




M 


3.5 


44.3 


9.4 


2.1 


24.1 


34.5 


1.8 


2.1 


13.7 


- 


7.2 


50.1 


1.9 


6.5 


3077 




J 


2.1 


247.9 


24.3 


17.4 


58.1 


289 


10.5 


0.8 


17.2 


1.0 


228 


160.5 


3.3 


16.0 


425.4 




J 


0.1 


253.1 


20.3 


24.7 


406 


33.2 


14.4 


3.0 


23.8 


1.6 


461.0 


51.7 


2.4 


29.8 


105.5 




A 


13.3 


254.0 


18.1 


7.8 


24.4 


31.5 


7.7 


1.2 


18.3 


2.2 


4386 


52.5 


12.7 


15.4 


36.9 




S 


0.2 


247.4 


269 


4.4 


588 


23.2 


8.7 


1.2 


12.7 


2.1 


1,295.8 


386 


20.0 


13.3 


40.3 







3.2 


222.9 


21.3 


2.9 


31.5 


21.3 


11.1 


0.3 


2.9 


1.5 


596.4 


369 


3.6 


12.0 


974.4 




N 


6.9 


107.3 


15.1 


2.9 


61.5 


168 


10.3 


- 


1.8 


5.0 


8.6 


108.3 


2.8 


14.1 


63.2 




D 


7.9 


16.8 


8.5 


3.1 


31.7 


14.2 


98 


1.0 


2.5 


7.2 


90 


9.5 


2.1 


18.9 


54.5 


1977 


J 


6.4 


160 


4.3 


62 


96 


1.7 


10.3 


1.1 


110 


46 


1.1 


8.3 


1.1 


3.7 


31.6 




F 


6.5 


4.4 


1.1 


4.1 


56 


1.3 


7.4 


0.9 


20.1 


- 


5.9 


6.5 


0.9 


5.6 


47.9 




M 


7.1 


4.0 


11.5 


6.4 


10.3 


19 


8.8 


- 


6.6 


0.6 


18.6 


9.5 


0.9 


4.8 


40.0 




A 


3.9 


20.1 


18.2 


35.2 


458 


9.0 


5.6 


- 


5.6 


1.5 


14.8 


7.7 


3.2 


4.0 


71.3 




M 


4.2 


3.7 


25.9 


13.3 


23.8 


35.4 


4.7 


- 


5.2 


1.3 


33.5 


34.1 


6.0 


5.9 


54.2 




J 


63 


27.6 


14.4 


9.5 


300 


21.5 


4.0 


- 


4.5 


3.0 


389 


27.2 


4.1 


6.9 


54.9 




J 


5.4 


9.2 


13.0 


93 


49.2 


21.9 


8.3 


- 


3.3 


3.9 


184.1 


21.9 


6.0 


10.4 


57.5 




A 


5.7 


3.7 


226 


96 


55.3 


1.7 


24.5 


- 


2.7 


3.3 


104.1 


24.8 


7.1 


15.5 


36.7 




S 


19.5 


4.3 


26.1 


13.7 


37.8 


5.3 


23.6 


- 


26 


3.2 


16.1 


20.5 


6.6 


19.7 


37.0 




O 


46.9 


5.0 


18.8 


5.1 


21.0 


2.7 


23.7 


- 


27 


2.1 


48 


32.5 


2.3 


11.7 


23.1 




N 


57.1 


6.5 


18.3 


5.7 


96 


1.9 


8.1 


- 


26 


20 


7.2 


99.5 


2.6 


8.6 


53.5 




D 


52.8 


69 


7.7 


09 


39 


1.8 


8.6 


- 


- 


- 


6.8 


223.0 


1.9 


6.7 


30.7 


1978 


J 


43.0 


2.7 


1.0 


1.9 


14.5 


1.5 


7.3 


1.4 


. 


. 


5.6 


222.8 


5.7 


9.4 


26.5 




F 


39.8 


6.1 


7.2 


1.2 


31.3 


5.7 


7.9 


- 


- 


0.1 


2.1 


99.0 


3.7 


9.3 


33.9 




M 


42.6 


70 


9.1 


12 


38.2 




76 


1.9 




2.9 


5.9 


57.6 


3.3 


11.2 


90.5 



1 In calculating time lost, only the workers directly affected by the strike or lockout are taken into account time lost by workers indirectly affected, such as those laid off as a 
result of a work stoppage, is not included 2The industry groups from January 1973 forward are based on the 1970 Standard Industrial Classification 3The number of 
man-days is calculated by multiplying the number of workers involved in a work-sfoppage by the number of normal working days during the stoppage Adjustments are made 
for establishments on shift work, etc 4 The statistics for individual industries exclude strikes and lockouts involving fewer than 3 workers, however, the total includes all work 
stoppages. The agriculture, finance, insurance and real estate and public administration and defence industries are not shown separately. Should strikes occur in these indus- 
tries, the time lost also will be shown in the total. In addition, the total is revised quarterly whereas the individual categories are revised annually, ^includes publishing and 
allied industries. 6lncludes storage and communication industries. 
Source: Research Bulletin, Labour Canada. 



51 



Section 4-Table 10 

Table 10: Employment indexes.i by industrial division (1961 = 100), based on the 1960 standard industrial classification 



July 1978 





Industrial 
composite 


Forestry 






Manufacturing 




Con- 
struction 


Trans- 
portation, 
commu- 
nication 




Trade 




Finance. 

insurance 

and real 

estate 




Year 


Mining 

including 

milling 


Total 


Non- 
durable 
goods 


Durable 
goods 




month 


utilities3 


Total 


Wholesale 


Retail 


Service 4 


D 

D 


1315 
1327 


1316 
1328 


1317 
1329 


1318 
1330 


1319 
1331 


1320 
1332 


1321 
1333 


1322 
1334 


1339 
4852 


1323 
1335 


1324 
1336 


1325 
1337 


1326 
1338 



1976 


144.1 


76.2 


118.3 


128.1 


118.2 


140.3 


113.8 


128.7 


172.2 


158.8 


179.3 


183.9 


242.8 


1977 


144.3 


78.0 


122.8 


126.3 


116.9 


137.8 


110.9 


130.1 


169 6 


155.3 


177.4 


194 5 


250.1 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 M 


145.5 


695 


116.2 


130.1 


120 1 


142.5 


119.6 


129.8 


172.6 


160.6 


179.0 


182.5 


245.5 


J 


147.7 


89.8 


117.6 


130.7 


121.4 


142.2 


126.2 


131.8 


172.5 


160.3 


179.1 


185.0 


253.3 


J 


146.8 


97.9 


120.5 


129.4 


120.7 


140.2 


122.8 


132.0 


168.2 


159.8 


172.8 


185.5 


256.7 


A 


147.3 


98.6 


123.0 


131.1 


122 8 


141.3 


123.3 


132.8 


168.1 


160.3 


172.3 


185.5 


251.1 


S 


146.1 


95.8 


120.3 


129.3 


121.5 


138.9 


115.4 


131 9 


171.3 


158.4 


178.3 


186.8 


247.7 


O 


146.3 


87.5 


119.8 


128.6 


119.2 


140.1 


122.2 


130.6 


175.0 


159.7 


183.3 


187.5 


245.4 


N 


145.8 


806 


120.2 


127.5 


117.2 


140.4 


117.4 


129.8 


178.5 


159.7 


188.7 


188.3 


243.5 


D 


142.8 


72.0 


119.3 


124 6 


114.1 


137 7 


103.7 


127.7 


178.3 


156.8 


189.9 


188.6 


238.6 


1977 J 


140.1 


65.4 


119.7 


123.5 


113.3 


136.1 


97.0 


126.0 


170.4 


155.5 


178.5 


189 4 


235.8 


F 


139 7 


64.7 


119 6 


123.1 


113.3 


135.4 


96.7 


126.0 


168.3 


154.6 


175.7 


190.3 


237.7 


M 


140.4 


57.7 


120.4 


124.3 


114.7 


136.1 


98.2 


126 2 


167.7 


154.3 


175.0 


191.4 


' 241.6 


A 


141.7 


56.3 


119.4 


124.7 


115.5 


136 1 


104 9 


127 9 


168 8 


155.0 


176.3 


191.5 


245.4 


M 


145.5 


72.8 


123.8 


128.3 


118.3 


139 2 


114.7 


131.1 


169 9 


156.6 


177.1 


195.0 


251.3 


J 


148.2 


91.3 


128.3 


129.9 


121.1 


140.7 


119.6 


133.9 


169.7 


157.7 


176.1 


197.2 


257.9 


J 


1469 


92.5 


129 3 


127 9 


119.5 


138.3 


121.0 


134.4 


165.0 


155.3 


170.2 


197.1 


2580 


A 


148.0 


91.6 


128 1 


129.4 


121.5 


139.3 


123.5 


134.1 


165.9 


156 2 


171.1 


195.8 


262.1 


S 


147.1 


93.3 


121.0 


128 1 


119.2 


139.1 


122.0 


133.8 


168 8 


155.0 


176 3 


195.6 


257.0 


O 


146.7 


89.1 


122.1 


127.3 


117.6 


139 4 


1205 


131.9 


171.7 


155.9 


180.4 


196.8 


2547 


N 


145.4 


83.7 


121.7 


126.1 


116.0 


138 7 


113.3 


128.4 


174.5 


155.2 


185 


197 3 


253.8 


D 


142.2 


77.1 


119.7 


123.1 


113 


1355 


98.9 


127.2 


174.8 


152 6 


186.8 


196 4 


245.9 


1978 J 


140.1 


68.7 


120.5 


122.6 


112 8 


134.9 


90 1 


125 9 


168 7 


152 6 


177.4 


196 7 


245.4 


F 


140.4 


684 


119.7 


122.9 


113.1 


135.1 


89.6 


127.4 


166.7 


152.4 


174.5 


197 4 


2494 


M 


141.2 


62.8 


1 14.2 


124.4 


114.5 


136.6 


899 


127.7 


167.7 


153.1 


176.1 


198.0 


251.7 


A 


142.1 


594 


112.2 


1246 


114 9 


1365 


958 


128.9 


168 9 






198.3 


253.9 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 
M.C.D. 1 2 



1976 M 


144.4 


73.5 


117.1 


128 8 


118.7 


141.2 


117.1 


128 1 


172.7 


159 9 


179 7 


182.5 


241.7 


J 


144.0 


78.7 


114.5 


127 4 


117.9 


1400 


118 9 


127.9 


172 3 


157.9 


180.0 


1850 


2428 


J 


144.4 


82.2 


116 7 


128.5 


118 9 


139 7 


112.1 


1279 


172.1 


158 3 


179.8 


185 5 


2476 


A 


144.2 


81.8 


120 8 


128 8 


119 


140 9 


109.8 


130 4 


172.2 


159 1 


179.4 


185 5 


240.5 


S 


143.8 


826 


120 9 


127.6 


118 9 


1380 


102.5 


130.1 


171.6 


157.7 


178 9 


186 8 


2438 


O 


144.0 


78.2 


120.7 


127 


118 .1 


1380 


109 9 


130 


171.5 


158.4 


178.7 


187 5 


244.0 


N 


1444 


77.4 


119 9 


127.3 


117.8 


139.0 


112 4 


130 2 


171.6 


158.5 


178.9 


188 3 


2459 


D 


144.5 


77.9 


119.9 


127.1 


117.7 


139 2 


114 9 


130 2 


171.5 


158.6 


177.9 


1886 


247.0 


1977 J 


144.2 


74.1 


120.7 


126 6 


116 6 


138 4 


112 9 


129 6 


171.6 


157.7 


179.1 


189 4 


245.4 


F 


1442 


747 


120 


126.1 


116 5 


1380 


112 8 


129 6 


172.3 


156 8 


180 9 


190 3 


2467 


M 


144.1 


71.1 


121.6 


126.1 


117 


1378 


112.3 


129 2 


170 5 


156 2 


178 6 


191 9 


2483 


A 


144.2 


78.8 


123 6 


125 7 


116 6 


136 9 


113.5 


1298 


170.0 


156 2 


177 3 


193 


249.6 


M 


144.4 


77.1 


124 8 


127 


116.9 


1379 


112.3 


129 3 


170 1 


155.9 


177 8 


194 5 


2475 


J 


144.5 


800 


124 9 


126 6 


117.6 


138 5 


112 9 


129 9 


1695 


155 4 


177 


195 5 


2472 


J 


144.5 


77.6 


125 3 


1270 


117 7 


137 7 


110.5 


'302 


168 9 


153 9 


177,1 


194 4 


2489 


A 


144.9 


760 


125 8 


127.1 


117 8 


139 


110.1 


131.7 


169 9 


155 


178.2 


195.1 


251 1 


S 


144.8 


805 


121.6 


126.5 


116.7 


1383 


108.4 


131 9 


169 9 


154 3 


176 9 


195.7 


2530 


O 


1444 


79.7 


123.0 


1258 


116 6 


137.3 


1084 


131 4 


1683 


154 6 


175 9 


196 9 


253.3 


N 


1440 


804 


121.4 


1259 


116.7 


137.3 


1084 


128 9 


1678 


154 1 


175 5 


197 4 


256.2 


D 


1439 


83.5 


120.3 


125 6 


116 6 


1370 


109.4 


129 8 


168.2 


154 3 


175.0 


197 1 


254 5 


1978 J 


144.2 


77.9 


121.5 


125.7 


116.1 


137 2 


1049 


129.5 


169.8 


154.7 


178 


198 2 


2554 


F 


145.0 


79.0 


120.1 


125 9 


116 3 


1377 


104 5 


131.0 


170 6 


154.5 


179 6 


199 1 


2588 


M 


144 9 


773 


115.4 


126 2 


116 8 


1383 


102.8 


130 7 


170 5 


155.0 


179 7 


198 6 


2587 


A 


144.6 


83.1 


116.1 


125 6 


116.0 


1373 


103.7 


1308 


170 .1 






1998 


2583 



lThe data in Tables 10 to 17 are based on reports from tirms employing 20 persons or more in any month of the year and relate to the last pay periods in the month Greater 
industrial and area detail and more explanatory notes are given in the source publication named below ^Excludes agriculture, fishing and trapping, education and related 
services, health and welfare services, religious organizations, private households, public administration and defence 3|ncludes storage, electric power, gas and water utilities 
^Excludes domestic service 
Source: Employment, Earnings and Hours (72-002), Statistics Canada. 



52 



July 1978 Section 4-Table 11 

Table 11: Employment indexes, i industrial composite, by province (1961 = 100), based on the 1960 standard industrial classification . 



Year and 
month 


Canada 


Nfld. 


PEL 


N.S. 


N.B. 


Que. 


Ont. 


Man. 


Sask. 


Alta 


B.C. 


D 
D 


1363 
1374 


1364 
1375 


1365 
1376 


1366 
1377 


1367 
. 1378 


1368 
1379 


1369 
1380 


1370 
1381 


1371 
1382 


1372 
1383 


1373 
1384 


1976 
1977 


144.1 
144.3 


134.6 
131.8 


148.1 
151.6 


128.5 
127.1 


135.0 
131.1 


129.9 
127.6 


147.1 
148.0 


128.2 

125.4 


142.1 
142.9 


184.9 
193.3 


167.5 
170.7 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 






1976 M 


145.5 


132.4 


162.7 


129.7 


137.2 


132.5 


148.2 


129.4 


142.5 


183.9 


168.4 


J 


147.7 


143.7 


162.4 


133.1 


144.1 


134.5 


150.0 


130.9 


145.4 


187.8 


168.3 


J 


1468 


147.1 


165.3 


133.6 


144.4 


133.4 


148.3 


130.8 


143.2 


190.2 


168.2 


A 


147.3 


147.5 


169.6 


132.0 


146.5 


131.9 


149.7 


130.9 


145.7 


192.2 


170.2 


S 


146.1 


146.3 


163.2 


130.4 


143.2 


129 3 


149.1 


130.5 


145.4 


191.7 


170.5 


O 


146.3 


139.7 


153.9 


130.5 


137.3 


130.1 


1494 


130.0 


146.3 


191.3 


171.9 


N 


145.8 


136.4 


146.2 


129 6 


133.9 


130.0 


149.3 


128.2 


145.4 


190.2 


170.9 


D 


142.8 


129.4 


137.9 


124.9 


128.2 


127.2 


146.5 


124.9 


142.3 


188.0 


167.9 


1977 J 


140.1 


120.1 


129.0 


121.4 


122.2 


125.0 


144.0 


122.4 


137.9 


184.9 


165.2 


F 


139.7 


123.5 


129.5 


120 8 


120.8 


124.0 


143.6 


121.8 


138.3 


185.9 


166.1 


M 


140.4 


122.0 


128.7 


120.7 


120.7 


124.6 


144.0 


122.2 


137.9 


187.6 


169.4 


A 


141.7 


125.9 


136.7 


123.3 


122.5 


125.5 


145.6 


123.5 


139.6 


189.2 


168.9 


M 


145.5 


133.6 


160.5 


127.2 


131.3 


128.7 


149.3 


127.1 


144.6 


193.8 


170.9 


J 


148.2 


142.1 


169.1 


130.8 


140.9 


131.4 


151.3 


1292 


147.5 


1976 


1737 


J 


146.9 


141.9 


174.5 


130.7 


141.8 


129.8 


149.3 


127.9 


147.1 


1972 


174.8 


A 


148.0 


142.8 


176.0 


131.7 


141.1 


130 9 


150.5 


127.7 


146.9 


197.9 


176.3 


S 


147.1 


137.5 


165.3 


129.9 


138.5 


130.0 


150.1 


127.8 


145.6 


1978 


174.6 


O 


146.7 


135.3 


155.3 


130.2 


134.6 


128.9 


150.6 


127.2 


144.6 


197.9 


173.3 


N 


145.4 


131.8 


151.4 


130.6 


132.0 


127.2 


150.3 


125.5 


144.1 


197.0 


169.4 


D 


142.2 


125.1 


143.7 


127.3 


126 9 


124.6 


147.2 


122.3 


140.3 


1929 


165.8 


1978 J 


140.1 


123.0 


1330 


123.1 


122.1 


122.5 


145.4 


120.2 


136.7 


192.2 


163.0 


F 


140.4 


121.1 


136.9 


123.1 


122.1 


122.1 


145.4 


119.8 


136.6 


192.4 


167.8 


M 


141.2 


116.1 


1373 


123.2 


122 


122.3 


146.2 


119.7 


137.8 


194.1 


171.5 


A 


142.1 


118 9 


145.7 


124 6 


123.4 


123.2 


147.1 


121.0 


139.7 


193.8 


171.7 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 

M.C.D 1 4 



1976 M 


144.4 


135.0 


158.9 


128.9 


136.1 


131.6 


147.3 


128 5 


141.6 


183.2 


166.6 


J 


144.0 


135.0 


147.1 


128.9 


135.3 


130.6 


146.7 


128.1 


141.0 


183.3 


165.8 


J 


144.4 


135 6 


145.5 


128.6 


134.3 


131.6 


147.3 


128 2 


137.1 


184.3 


165.6 


A 


144.2 


137.2 


148.5 


127.8 


135.4 


129.3 


147.5 


128.2 


140.9 


186.6 


167.4 


S 


143.8 


135.2 


149 3 


127.4 


135.6 


126.5 


147.3 


127.6 


142.3 


187 9 


169 


O 


144.0 


133.1 


146.4 


128 


134.1 


127.7 


147.3 


128.6 


1438 


189 2 


170.3 


N 


144.4 


133.2 


146.5 


128 3 


132.7 


128.2 


147.9 


127.6 


144.3 


1897 


170.7 


D 


144.5 


134.5 


147.4 


127.3 


133.7 


129.3 


147.7 


126.5 


144 8 


190.3 


170.5 


1977 J 


144.2 


132.0 


147.3 


126.7 


130.9 


128.7 


147.4 


125.7 


143.4 


191.0 


170.4 


F 


144.2 


134.5 


151.0 


126.3 


130.8 


128.1 


147.3 


125.7 


144.3 


191.7 


171.1 


M 


144.1 


132.8 


147.6 


125.4 


130.0 


128.3 


147.2 


125.6 


143.3 


192.5 


170.6 


A 


144.2 


135.3 


150.4 


126.2 


1309 


128.3 


147.3 


125.7 


143.7 


194.0 


168 2 


M 


144.4 


136.4 


156.6 


126.4 


130.2 


127.8 


148.4 


126.2 


143.7 


193.1 


169.0 


J 


144.5 


133.6 


153.0 


126.7 


132.3 


127.6 


1480 


126.5 


143.0 


193.0 


171.2 


J 


144.5 


130.8 


153.6 


125 9 


131.9 


128.0 


148.2 


125.4 


140.8 


191.2 


172.2 


A 


144.9 


132.8 


154.1 


127.6 


130.3 


128.3 


148.2 


125.0 


142.1 


192.2 


173.5 


S 


144.8 


127.0 


151.3 


126.9 


131.2 


127.3 


148.3 


125.0 


1426 


193.8 


173.2 


O 


144.4 


129.0 


147.8 


127.7 


131.5 


126.6 


148.5 


125 8 


142.2 


195.7 


171.7 


N 


144.0 


128.7 


151.9 


129.3 


130.8 


125.5 


148.9 


124.5 


143.0 


196.5 


169.3 


D 


143.9 


130.1 


153.8 


129.7 


132.4 


126 5 


148.4 


123.8 


142.7 


195.2 


168.3 


1978 J 


144.2 


135.2 


151.9 


128.4 


130.8 


126.2 


1488 


123.4 


142.1 


198 6 


168.1 


F 


145.0 


131.9 


159 6 


128.7 


132.3 


126.1 


149.2 


123.6 


142.5 


198.5 


172.9 


M 


144.9 


126 4 


157.5 


127.9 


131.4 


125.9 


1494 


123.0 


143.2 


199.2 


172.7 


A 


1446 


1278 


160.3 


127.8 


131.9 


126.0 


148.8 


123.2 


143.9 


198.7 


171.0 



lThe data in Tables 10 to 17 are based on reports trom tirms employing 20 persons or more in any month ot the year and relate to the last pay periods in the month Greater 
industrial and area detail and more explanatory noles are given in the source publication named below. The Industrial Composite is the sum of all industries except agricul- 
ture, fishing and trapping, education and related services, health and welfare services, religious organizations, private households and public administration and defence. 
Source: Employment, Earnings and Hours (72-002), Statistics Canada. 



53 



Section 4-Tables 12 and 13 July 1978 

Table 12: Employment indexes.i by manufacturing industry2 (1961 = 100), based on the 1960 standard industrial classification 











Non-durable manufacture 


93 










Durable manufacturing 




















Paper 




Chemi- 
cals 








Metal 
























and Petroleum 


and 






Primary 


fabri- 


Machin- 


Transpor- 




Non- 


Year 




Food 


Rubber 


Leather 


Textile 




allied 


and 


chem- 




Furniture 


metal 


cating 


ery, (ex 


tation 


Elec- 


metallic 


and 




and 


prod- 


prod- 


prod- 




indus- 


coal 


ical 


Wood 


and 


indus- 


indus- 


elec- 


equip- 


trical 


mineral 


month 


beverages 


ucts 


ucts 


ucts 


Clothing 


tries 


products 


products 


products 


tixtures 


tries 


tries 


trical) 


ment 


products 


products 




D 


1407 


1408 


1409 


1410 


1411 


1412 


1413 


1414 


1415 


1416 


1417 


1418 


1419 


1420 


1421 


1422 


1976 




110.2 


125.9 


86.2 


110.7 


111.6 


128.3 


114.9 


127.0 


130.2 


141.0 


128.1 


139.7 


167.3 


156.0 


137.2 


124.0 


1977 




111.2 


127.5 


74.9 


105.9 


107.6 


128.8 


120.0 


128.8 


130 8 


125.3 


130.8 


135.0 


163.1 


159.0 


128.0 


121.3 


1976 


A 


105.8 


122.8 


86.8 


111.0 


114.0 


129.5 


110.7 


126.9 


128.8 


141.0 


130.0 


140.2 


167.8 


158.4 


138.5 


123.1 




M 


111.6 


125.7 


88.1 


111.7 


114.7 


133.4 


114.9 


128.8 


131.6 


139.5 


132.2 


140.3 


168.4 


161.3 


137.3 


127.6 




J 


115.8 


126.0 


89.3 


109 8 


112.9 


135.6 


116.1 


128.7 


135.0 


142.0 


125.4 


142.0 


168.7 


159.8 


137.2 


131.0 




J 


117.8 


127.9 


87.8 


1096 


110.9 


132.7 


113.5 


127.2 


134.5 


139.4 


126.1 


139 9 


161 7 


156.4 


135.8 


129.4 




A 


121.7 


129 


88.0 


110.0 


113.5 


132.9 


121.6 


128.2 


137.0 


142.8 


126.7 


140.0 


159.9 


157.9 


137.1 


130.2 




s 


119.5 


128.0 


860 


109.3 


111.9 


133.4 


118.8 


127.0 


134.1 


142.4 


123.8 


140.2 


164.0 


150.1 


136.8 


124.6 




o 


112.6 


129.6 


84.9 


108.5 


110.0 


132.3 


118.7 


127.8 


133.0 


141.9 


123.3 


140 7 


166.4 


156.6 


136.5 


125.3 




N 


108.4 


130.0 


83.1 


108 6 


106.5 


129.7 


115.8 


127.9 


131.6 


140.0 


130.5 


140.0 


167.8 


155.2 


135.6 


122.8 




D 


102.7 


128.2 


79.3 


106.1 


103.4 


129.3 


114.7 


126.9 


129.1 


132.7 


129.8 


136.2 


167.2 


152.7 


132.5 


118.0 


1977 


J 


100.5 


128.2 


77.7 


104.5 


106.4 


127.8 


113.9 


126.3 


125.0 


130.4 


128.1 


134.3 


166.8 


153.9 


131.0 


114.3 




F 


101.6 


129.1 


76.8 


104.1 


107.4 


126.4 


116.0 


126.5 


125.3 


129.7 


128.0 


1336 


165.1 


153.2 


129.0 


113.5 




M 


105.9 


129 3 


75.3 


103.9 


107.3 


126.1 


117.3 


128.5 


126.7 


128.0 


127.9 


133.9 


165.3 


155.5 


129.4 


• 115.5 




A 


106.9 


129.5 


75.4 


103.7 


108.5 


126.1 


118.0 


129 3 


127.1 


124.4 


127.8 


134.5 


160 


157.1 


128.1 


120.3 




M 


113.5 


131.3 


76.4 


105.2 


109 4 


129.4 


116.3 


131.0 


131.1 


124 7 


133.4 


134 9 


1647 


161.8 


128.2 


125.2 




J 


118.9 


130.1 


76.4 


108.3 


110.4 


133.2 


123.1 


131.5 


134.5 


124.2 


133.1 


137.8 


1658 


162.8 


129.1 


128.9 




J 


119.4 


126.6 


74.7 


105.4 


107.7 


132.0 


122.9 


129.6 


133.4 


117.4 


1329 


1350 


162.8 


159.5 


126.5 


125.8 




A 


123.8 


127.0 


74.9 


106 4 


1092 


133.0 


124.3 


129.6 


136.3 


123.5 


134.8 


136.7 


1632 


156.3 


128.1 


126.1 




S 


117.1 


125.6 


74.0 


107.2 


108 9 


130.1 


120.9 


128 6 


1354 


124 9 


131.5 


137.1 


163.9 


158 8 


128.0 


124.4 




O 


113.1 


125.7 


73.2 


108.1 


108 3 


128 8 


118 8 


128.7 


134.2 


126 3 


131.6 


137.3 


161.6 


162.3 


127.3 


123.7 




N 


109.7 


124.4 


72.7 


107 4 


105.2 


127.1 


124.7 


128.4 


132.8 


126.0 


130.6 


134.9 


160 4 


164.9 


126.8 


121.0 




D 


103.9 


123.0 


70.8 


106.3 


102.0 


127.2 


123.6 


127.7 


127.9 


124.6 


129.7 


130.4 


158.1 


162.0 


123.4 


116.4 


1978 


J 


102.1 


125.2 


72.4 


1066 


104.3 


125.4 


123.6 


1274 


125.8 


122.3 


130.2 


129.9 


159.3 


161.6 


123.7 


112.1 




F 


101.9 


122.1 


742 


106 6 


106 8 


125.6 


122.9 


127.3 


1273 


122.3 


129.3 


129.9 


160.1 


161.8 


123.3 


114.0 




M 


106.6 


124.7 


76.5 


107.3 


106.8 


125.7 


123.3 


128.4 


129 2 


122.1 


129.5 


129.9 


160.5 


142.5 


125.3 


115.0 



'See footnote 1 and source in Table 11 2r£ m pioyment indexes in total manufacturing and in its total durable and non-durable components are given in Table 10 3|n addi- 
tion to those listed, tobacco products, knitting mills; printing, publishing and allied; and miscellaneous manufacturing industries are included in non-durable manufacturing. 
4Except machinery and transportation equipment industries 

Table 13: Average weekly wages and salaries,' by industrial division, based on the 1960 standard industrial classification (dollars) 





















Transport- 






















Manufacturing 






ation. 


















Mining, 










commu- 
nication 


Trade 




Finance, 

insurance 




Year 




Non- 






and 




Industrial 
composite 


Forestry 


including 
milling 


Total 


durable 
goods 


Durable 
goods 


Con- 
struction 


and other 

utilities 






and real 
estate 




montr 


Wholesale 


Retail 


Service 




D 


1439 


1440 


1441 


144? 


1443 


1444 


1445 


1446 


1447 


1448 


1449 


1450 


1976 




228.03 


287.36 


317.12 


241.19 


225 60 


257.46 


331 02 


262.02 


226.23 


152 85 


213.71 


160.49 


1977 




24995 


31281 


348 12 


266 04 


24839 


284.65 


369 88 


291 14 


24781 


164 00 


22957 


171.28 


1976 


M 


22537 


290 00 


31267 


238.43 


223 44 


254 10 


326 41 


25561 


224 16 


151 37 


21294 


159 49 




J 


229 50 


28330 


315.15 


24223 


226.25 


259 15 


33561 


25924 


227 36 


156 14 


215.54 


162 04 




J 


230.11 


27699 


311.81 


23998 


225.95 


254 95 


33439 


26592 


227 64 


157 90 


216.37 


163 52 




A 


23049 


28564 


310 86 


241 87 


226.50 


258 44 


33278 


26655 


22595 


155 38 


214 12 


161 83 




S 


232 12 


297 34 


32077 


24576 


23051 


26230 


337 73 


26851 


227 95 


154 19 


21547 


160 85 




O 


23503 


301.31 


327.29 


248 16 


23227 


264 93 


34670 


271.26 


231 25 


156 39 


21664 


163 84 




N 


23659 


31340 


334 16 


25200 


234 73 


269.86 


350.86 


27331 


23305 


155 53 


21589 


163 52 




D 


233.99 


24051 


334 14 


25036 


234.86 


266 30 


310 11 


27423 


23534 


161 53 


218 93 


16561 


1977 


J 


239.52 


31635 


33926 


25565 


24053 


271 28 


344 06 


281 56 


23843 


155 82 


220 64 


166.87 




F 


242.63 


332.13 


34037 


25926 


242.36 


276.86 


351 04 


28440 


241.91 


157.16 


22365 


168 06 




M 


244.68 


325.26 


34407 


261 52 


24457 


27928 


358 19 


285.79 


24268 


15852 


228.92 


16815 




A 


24643 


325.27 


341.98 


26264 


245.67 


280 54 


361 86 


28899 


244.94 


162 29 


227 38 


168 18 




M 


248.02 


31091 


343.82 


26281 


245 74 


28086 


369 14 


28877 


24506 


16478 


226 79 


169 95 




J 


251.87 


304 88 


343.67 


266.43 


249.34 


28472 


377 98 


290 96 


25035 


167 97 


22992 


17231 




J 


251.62 


294.05 


341.71 


26390 


248.27 


280 70 


378.27 


291 79 


248.81 


168 50 


229 61 


175.28 




A 


252.50 


305.36 


345.81 


26598 


24876 


28467 


384 63 


29208 


24790 


168 06 


229 90 


171 89 




S 


255.48 


324.23 


353.52 


27236 


252.02 


29402 


388 19 


294 10 


251 27 


16518 


23331 


172.14 




O 


257 53 


33352 


358 13 


274.57 


254 04 


296 1 1 


396 58 


297 25 


25407 


165 88 


233 04 


173 97 




N 


256.31 


332.55 


36240 


275.50 


25523 


296.59 


381 89 


29840 


253 83 


16441 


23536 


173 39 




D 


252.81 


249.22 


362.65 


271 89 


254.12 


290.30 


346.75 


29976 


254 46 


169 44 


23635 


175 22 


1978 


J 


25602 


334 96 


36689 


274.13 


259 18 


28967 


364.13 


30381 


257 07 


165 56 


238 73 


175.99 




F 


26007 


34979 


373 12 


281 04 


26247 


300.36 


381 03 


303 64 


261 45 


166 72 


239 13 


176 18 




M 


261.01 


349 12 


36982 


281 58 


262.41 


301 57 


381 27 


30449 


26089 


170 75 


241 62 


178 74 




A 


262.09 


341.69 


36339 


283 83 


263.86 


304 72 


38293 


305 89 






24167 


176 99 



■ See footnotes and source at bottom of Table 10 



54 



July 1978 

Table 14: Average weekly wages and salaries.i by manufacturing industry, 
based on the 1960 standard industrial classification (dollars) 



Section 4-Tables 14 and 15 











Non-durable manufacturing? 














































Durable manufacturing 




















Paper 


. 


Chem- 
icals 












Metal 
























and Petroleum 


and 






Primary 


fabri- 


Machin- 


Transpor- 




Non- 


Year 




Food 










allied 


and 


chem- 




Furniture 


metal 


cating 


ery (ex 


tation 


Elec- 


metallic 


and 




and 


Rubber 


Leather 


Textile 




indus- 


coal 


ical 


Wood 


and 


indus- 


indus- 


elec- 


equip- 


trical 


mineral 


month 




beverage 


products 


products 


products 


Clothing 


tries 


products 


products 


products 


fixtures 


tries 


tries 


trical) 


ment 


products 


products 




D 


1463 


1464 


1465 


1466 


1467 


1468 


1469 


1470 


1471 


1472 


1473 


1474 


1475 


1476 


1477 


1478 


1976 




221.95 


239 22 


1 55 90 


198.47 


147.87 


288.01 


347.89 


262.33 


241.15 


193.00 


290.40 


250.44 


255.75 


279.90 


235.82 


263.01 


1977 




241.67 


257.91 


169.12 


218.66 


162 13 


31699 


377 85 


290.48 


266.40 


213.43 


316.85 


275.29 


27942 


313.07 


259.76 


287 26 


1976 


A 


22097 


237 03 


153.06 


195.84 


145.58 


28342 


342.53 


25864 


235.18 


18960 


290.54 


246.42 


24979 


278.39 


230.66 


257.10 




M 


220.06 


235.75 


155.11 


196.20 


144 69 


287 15 


345.01 


26027 


23428 


190 45 


286.69 


245.96 


24972 


28059 


230.98 


259.20 




J 


222.87 


239 11 


155 60 


195.11 


145.21 


292.23 


33923 


263.44 


23943 


18957 


291.86 


250.54 


255 64 


287 37 


237.34 


266.11 




J 


221.67 


233.59 


153.43 


195.23 


145.85 


29240 


343.38 


262.92 


238.66 


191.59 


289.12 


248.01 


254 44 


273.07 


236.13 


262.55 




A 


218.97 


239.25 


155.61 


202.04 


151.98 


292.38 


35091 


26087 


240.79 


193 05 


29346 


251.13 


251 49 


283.03 


236.15 


267.65 




S 


22232 


24901 


160.29 


203.25 


152.04 


298.79 


357 49 


26692 


248.35 


199 78 


298.28 


258.67 


26282 


276.63 


242.82 


269.00 




o 


225.17 


245.99 


160.45 


203.93 


153.18 


297.08 


35839 


271.18 


249.11 


199.14 


296 19 


261.62 


26609 


284.00 


243.06 


275.22 




N 


229.86 


245.54 


163.71 


205.45 


152.18 


299 94 


35942 


274.03 


25547 


203.16 


307.82 


263.29 


265.76 


291.00 


245.23 


274.17 




D 


234.09 


243.18 


159.15 


208.60 


149.58 


29574 


364 22 


270.98 


253.13 


201.76 


29692 


257.71 


262.81 


291 25 


242.58 


270.70 


1977 


J 


237.88 


254.58 


160.38 


207 46 


158.22 


304.61 


37089 


27887 


261.66 


207 00 


30390 


265.53 


266.22 


293.49 


245.59 


270.81 




F 


237 83 


253.70 


162 88 


209 20 


158 75 


308.48 


371.05 


283 81 


261.28 


206.30 


307.48 


266 63 


273.10 


307.06 


252.91 


275.50 




M 


240.34 


254.60 


166.06 


212.81 


160.56 


30802 


371 73 


284.07 


26295 


20839 


309 64 


267.72 


275.18 


310.98 


254.78 


279.03 




A 


240.41 


257.33 


166.55 


215.74 


159.05 


311.21 


380.68 


286 18 


264. 1 1 


212.52 


313.61 


274.65 


273.46 


304 18 


258.02 


280.90 




M 


240.42 


25280 


165.96 


216.62 


157.91 


315.35 


37628 


28695 


261 89 


20880 


311 02 


27090 


276.18 


308.37 


257.25 


287.76 




J 


242.87 


256.17 


170.16 


21779 


160.89 


322.07 


37208 


292.04 


26294 


21280 


313.28 


276.76 


28353 


310.56 


262.57 


293.64 




J 


240.46 


254 56 


168.78 


217.81 


163.14 


32021 


369.95 


289.09 


259.71 


212.20 


312.31 


27479 


27868 


299.81 


260.11 


29049 




A 


237.86 


257.26 


172.94 


223.88 


166.22 


319.14 


37502 


289.11 


260.90 


215.30 


317.24 


278.82 


278.89 


312.40 


26037 


289.21 




S 


239.76 


261 30 


175.01 


227 09 


165.53 


322.92 


386.53 


297.97 


269.14 


218 94 


33277 


283.13 


291 19 


325.58 


266.01 


295.00 







24380 


261 38 


173.35 


225.65 


167 72 


32534 


391 78 


298.44 


277.88 


22074 


326.05 


28489 


286.11 


33329 


266.89 


298.81 




N 


247.53 


26603 


177.20 


22577 


165 05 


32731 


384 20 


299 94 


28092 


22238 


329 00 


283 78 


287 17 


330.87 


268.58 


294.91 




D 


250.85 


265.20 


170 16 


224.14 


162.51 


31926 


38399 


299 26 


27338 


215.73 


325.87 


27572 


283.28 


320.29 


264 78 


291.03 


1978 


J 


255.17 


267.72 


174.88 


224.99 


170 73 


329.15 


39824 


304 39 


28229 


214.39 


328.93 


277 84 


281.39 


30847 


26544 


292.59 




F 


257.20 


275.65 


181 24 


231 79 


175.08 


33303 


39497 


30443 


286.03 


219.64 


33240 


288.36 


29449 


33028 


275.28 


298.81 




M 


256.40 


271 97 


179.82 


23006 


171.35 


334.13 


397.16 


30958 


288.15 


221.24 


33384 


290.18 


293.80 


324.74 


277.41 


30497 



iThe data in Tables 10 to 17 are based on reports from firms employing 20 persons or more in any month of the year and relate to the last pay periods in the month. Greater 
industrial and area detail and more explanatory notes are given in the source publication named below 2|n addition to those listed, tobacco products; knitting mills; printing, 
publishing and allied, and miscellaneous manufacturing industries are included in non-durable manufacturing. 
Source: Employment, Earnings and Hours (72-002), Statistics Canada. 



Table 15: Average weekly wages and salaries,) by province (dollars) 



Year and 
























month 


Canada? 


Nfld 


PEI 


NS 


NB 


Que 


Ont 


Man 


Sask. 


Alta 


B.C 


D 


1495 


1496 


1497 


1498 


1499 


1500 


1501 


1502 


1503 


1504 


1505 


1976 


228.03 


221.63 


170.88 


193.21 


202.56 


222.41 


228.72 


208.55 


214.87 


236.89 


259.52 


1977 


249.95 


242.43 


187.73 


212.09 


223.34 


244.77 


249.46 


22628 


23561 


261.96 


284.13 


1976 M 


225.37 


21832 


159 35 


19051 


196 58 


220 90 


226.13 


204.88 


211.17 


23304 


256.57 


J 


229.50 


224.06 


163.00 


19415 


200.71 


223.48 


230.95 


208 19 


214.52 


236.50 


263.26 


J 


230.11 


22385 


173.15 


198.24 


202.22 


223.31 


230.74 


21426 


216.24 


239.93 


263.47 


A 


230.49 


223.53 


173.24 


196.59 


202.49 


22331 


231.35 


214.52 


22030 


239.27 


263.88 


S 


232.21 


226.25 


175.40 


195.23 


20441 


223.67 


233.00 


215.10 


223.95 


243.27 


266.49 


O 


235.03 


227 63 


176.02 


198.34 


208.24 


228.74 


23582 


215.82 


222.73 


244.89 


266.81 


N 


236.59 


229 38 


183.51 


200.15 


211 38 


23203 


236.14 


21525 


222.76 


247.22 


269.26 


D 


233 99 


227.20 


175.96 


199 42 


211 47 


230.07 


23374 


215 66 


224.69 


242.37 


262.23 


1977 J 


239.52 


238.13 


187.23 


204.01 


223.55 


23374 


237.92 


219.07 


224.32 


25237 


274.29 


F 


242.63 


232.29 


18371 


206.58 


223.62 


236.68 


242.05 


219.67 


227 09 


256.56 


275.46 


M 


244.68 


243.56 


185.05 


206.67 


224.90 


238 53 


244.43 


221.65 


230.31 


255.88 


277.24 


A 


246.43 


243.26 


187.92 


20935 


22339 


240 10 


246.05 


222.84 


232.70 


257.77 


280.59 


M 


248.02 


243.19 


185.18 


210.44 


21851 


243.16 


248.07 


224.31 


23359 


256.84 


28221 


J 


251.87 


242.98 


184 37 


214.26 


220.11 


247.18 


251 33 


229.26 


237.32 


263.77 


286.91 


J 


251.62 


245.92 


187 28 


215.93 


221 75 


245.37 


250.23 


229.56 


239.79 


266 94 


288.60 


A 


252.50 


244.18 


186.24 


214 63 


22070 


247.06 


251.60 


23032 


239.43 


267.39 


287.59 


S 


255.48 


243.86 


189.98 


215.86 


22471 


250.86 


255.68 


230.42 


240.73 


265.53 


28958 


O 


257.53 


24664 


192 82 


216.06 


22661 


253.44 


257 12 


231.54 


243.13 


268.88 


292.48 


N 


256.31 


246.80 


19091 


216.59 


226.96 


252.42 


256.20 


22693 


239.05 


267.53 


291.49 


D 


25281 


23836 


192.08 


214.72 


225.29 


248.91 


25283 


229.94 


23930 


264.11 


283.08 


1978 J 


256.02 


24832 


195.59 


220.34 


232.34 


25445 


25284 


230.80 


240.34 


269.65 


291.12 


F 


260.07 


24800 


191.78 


219.43 


23279 


256.62 


259.52 


23389 


242.21 


271.51 


293.10 


M 


261.01 


239.66 


195.32 


21922 


234 08 


256.35 


260.81 


235.42 


245.36 


27230 


295.00 


A 


262.09 


237.56 


195 54 


221.75 


229.89 


258.34 


262.36 


23590 


245.77 


271 02 


29586 



'See footnote 1 in Table 14 2|ncludes Yukon and North West Territories 



55 



Section 4-Table 16 

Table 16: Average hourly earnings,i based on the 1960 standard industrial classification (dollars per hour) 



July 1978 





















Manufacturing 












































Paper 












Non-durable 


Durable 


















and 


Year 




Mining, 


Tola 




goods 


goods 


Food 












Furniture 


allied 


and 




including 
milling 














and bev- 
erages 


Rubber Leather Textile Wood 
products products products Clothing products 


and 
fixtures 


indus- 


month 


Unad|. 


S.A. 


Unadj. 


S.A. 


Unad|. 


S.A. 


tries 




D 


1517 


1518 


4867 


1519 


4869 


1520 


4868 


1521 




1522 


1523 


1524 


1525 


1526 


1527 


1528 


1976 




7.40 


5.76 




5.36 




6.13 




5.43 




5.64 


3.93 


4.50 


3.86 


6.06 


4.55 


6.89 


1977 




8.11 


6.38 




5.94 




6.80 




5.94 




6.11 


4.27 


5.00 


4.23 


6.74 


5.07 


7.69 


1976 


M 


7.27 


5.73 


5.71 


5.35 


5.31 


6.08 


6.08 


5.38 




5.62 


3.96 


4.48 


3.88 


5.86 


4.53 


6.89 




J 


7.32 


580 


5.77 


5.43 


538 


6.16 


6.14 


5.42 




5.63 


3.98 


4.48 


3.92 


6.00 


4.55 


7.03 




J 


7.34 


5.79 


5.80 


5.44 


5.43 


6.14 


6.16 


5.43 




564 


3.93 


4.50 


3.86 


6.05 


459 


7.10 




A 


7.37 


5.80 


5.85 


5.40 


5.47 


6.18 


6.20 


5.34 




5.68 


3.90 


4.57 


3.93 


6.13 


4.60 


7.10 




s 


7.51 


5.87 


589 


5.48 


5.55 


6.25 


6.22 


5.42 




5.77 


3.98 


4.58 


3.92 


6.28 


4.65 


7.22 




o 


7.63 


5.92 


590 


5.52 


5.55 


6.30 


6.26 


5.59 




5.77 


4.05 


458 


3.95 


6.30 


4.68 


7.12 




N 


772 


5.98 


5.99 


5.56 


5.58 


6.37 


6.37 


5.65 




5.84 


4.07 


4.62 


3.96 


6.37 


4.73 


7.16 




D 


7.85 


6.02 


6.03 


5.63 


5.61 


6.37 


6.46 


5.76 




5.82 


4.16 


4.82 


4.00 


6.42 


4.78 


7.16 


1977 


J 


7.84 


6.11 


6.11 


5.70 


569 


6.50 


6.50 


5.85 




5.97 


4.09 


4.71 


4.08 


6.57 


488 


7.25 




F 


7.90 


6.17 


6.18 


5.73 


5.74 


6.57 


6.59 


5.83 




5.92 


4.11 


480 


4.11 


6.60 


4.91 


7.31 




M 


7.99 


6.21 


6.20 


5.80 


5.77 


6.60 


6.61 


5.97 




597 


4.18 


4.83 


4.12 


6.59 


4.94 


7.35 




A 


7.97 


6.27 


' 6 25 


5.83 


580 


669 


669 


5.90 




6.01 


4.23 


4.89 


4.14 


6.63 


506 


7.43 




M 


8.02 


6.36 


6.33 


5.93 


5.89 


6.76 


6.76 


5.91 




600 


4.30 


500 


4.20 


6.62 


5.08 


- 7.70 




J 


8.06 


639 


6.36 


5.99 


5.93 


6.78 


6.75 


5.92 




6.02 


4.36 


5.02 


4.24 


6 64 


5.18 


7.85 




J 


8.05 


6.40 


6.41 


5.99 


5.98 


6.80 


6.82 


5.90 




6.16 


430 


502 


4.23 


6.64 


5.13 


7.93 




A 


8.05 


6.39 


6.44 


595 


6.03 


682 


6.85 


5.81 




6.15 


4.26 


508 


4.29 


663 


509 


7.87 




S 


8.20 


6.52 


6.55 


603 


6.11 


698 


6.95 


5.90 




6.22 


4.31 


5.15 


432 


6.80 


5.16 


7.90 




O 


8.35 


6.55 


6.52 


6.05 


6.08 


7.02 


6.97 


5.99 




6.23 


435 


5.12 


4.35 


7.00 


5.14 


7.90 




N 


8.43 


6.57 


6.58 


6.08 


6.11 


7.03 


7.03 


6.08 




6.27 


4.38 


5.11 


4.34 


706 


5.18 


7.91 




D 


8.47 


660 


6.62 


6.15 


6.14 


701 


7.07 


6.23 




6.36 


4.39 


5.21 


4.39 


7.11 


5.14 


7.90 


1978 


J 


8.47 


6.63 


6.63 


6.20 


6.19 


705 


7.05 


6.26 




641 


447 


5.17 


4.46 


7.25 


5.15 


7.97 




F 


8.63 


668 


6.69 


6.22 


6.23 


7.12 


7.14 


6.27 




6.46 


4.46 


5.29 


451 


7.20 


5.17 


7.99 




M 


8.58 


6.75 


6.74 


628 


6.24 


7.18 


7 19 


6.45 




646 


4.51 


5.34 


451 


7.21 


5.22 


8.03 




A 


8.54 


6.75 


6.73 


628 


624 


7.21 


7.21 






























Manufacturing 






















































Other industries 






Printing, 














Chem- 








publishing 




Metal 


Machin- 










icals 










Highway 


Laun- 


Hotels. 






and 


Primary 


fabri- 


ery Transpor- 




Non- 


Pe- 


and 


Construction 




and 


dries. 


rest- 


Year 




allied 


metal 


cating 


(ex 


tation 


Elec- metallic trolei 










bridge 


cleaners 


aurants 


and 




indus- 


indus- 


indus- 


elec- 


equip- 


trical mineral 8 


coal 


ical 






Engi- 


Urban 


mainte- 


and 


and 


month 


tries 


tries 


tries 


trical) 


ment products products products products 


Total 


Building 


neering 


transit 


nance 


pressers 


taverns 




D 


1529 


1530 


1531 


1532 


1533 


1534 


1535 


1536 


1537 


1538 


1539 


1540 


1541 


1542 


1543 


1544 


1976 




6.41 


6.77 


6.06 


6.24 


6.60 


5.24 


6 25 


7.63 


5 89 


8.68 


8.73 


860 


6 84 


5 49 


3.48 


3.51 


1977 




698 


7.43 


669 


6.84 


7.34 


5.76 


689 


860 


6.51 


977 


9.71 


990 


746 


5 76 


3.80 


3.81 


1976 


M 


6.42 


6.74 


5.98 


6.10 


658 


5.22 


6.21 


7.69 


5.85 


8.58 


868 


843 


669 


543 


3.52 


3.47 




J 


6.53 


678 


604 


6.24 


672 


531 


623 


7.55 


5.91 


861 


8 74 


8 41 


670 


5.30 


360 


350 




J 


6.57 


678 


602 


6.27 


661 


5.30 


6.29 


7 56 


604 


855 


863 


843 


685 


544 


3.51 


349 




A 


6.49 


687 


6.11 


620 


6.67 


5.27 


6.37 


760 


5.96 


8.57 


867 


8.42 


6.79 


544 


3.46 


353 




S 


6.54 


7.01 


623 


639 


6.62 


5.34 


642 


7.78 


598 


880 


890 


866 


6.91 


557 


358 


3.61 







6.57 


6.92 


6.28 


646 


671 


5.37 


652 


784 


606 


897 


9.12 


874 


7 14 


582 


357 


3.62 




N 


647 


7.04 


6.31 


649 


680 


539 


655 


7.80 


608 


9 17 


9.19 


9.15 


7.18 


566 


3.57 


3.66 




D 


6.52 


6.95 


626 


647 


687 


5.42 


6.55 


789 


604 


8.96 


897 


8 93 


725 


568 


360 


378 


1977 


J 


668 


7.02 


6.40 


652 


709 


548 


6.55 


804 


6 23 


943 


926 


984 


7.29 


5 67 


362 


368 




F 


6.75 


709 


6.38 


6.61 


7.16 


5.62 


660 


8.39 


630 


950 


931 


989 


725 


553 


359 


3.71 




M 


689 


721 


640 


6.64 


718 


565 


666 


8.33 


6.33 


9 56 


9.36 


993 


736 


5.81 


360 


374 




A 


694 


7.30 


665 


6.70 


7.19 


5.70 


6.75 


868 


640 


9.63 


944 


9 93 


743 


586 


368 


380 




M 


697 


741 


669 


680 


7.25 


5.73 


691 


858 


6.50 


9.73 


9.70 


9.78 


740 


578 


3.87 


382 




J 


7.02 


7.39 


6.76 


6.90 


7.16 


5.81 


705 


854 


661 


9.79 


978 


981 


735 


5 74 


383 


384 




J 


706 


741 


6 86 


688 


718 


5.79 


7.06 


853 


661 


975 


978 


9.71 


739 


560 


3.91 


382 




A 


7.03 


751 


6.83 


685 


7.28 


579 


699 


8.55 


6.55 


985 


9.81 


991 


7 45 


551 


3.82 


380 




S 


7.12 


7.73 


6.87 


7.09 


7.59 


585 


700 


890 


665 


10 00 


9 99 


10 00 


7.57 


5 69 


390 


384 







7.15 


7.65 


6 88 


6.98 


766 


589 


706 


8.97 


663 


10.05 


10 05 


10.06 


763 


587 


388 


387 




N 


7.11 


767 


684 


705 


7.64 


5.92 


7.01 


8 76 


664 


10.04 


1003 


10 05 


766 


589 


393 


383 




D 


702 


771 


673 


700 


7.64 


5.87 


6.98 


890 


665 


992 


9.95 


987 


774 


606 


389 


3.91 


1978 


J 


7.22 


774 


6.82 


7.08 


756 


594 


7.04 


9 07 


674 


10.17 


10 04 


10.43 


786 


627 


3.79 


385 




F 


7.31 


777 


6.91 


7.17 


768 


601 


7.13 


895 


6.77 


1028 


10 .12 


10 59 


784 


596 


389 


384 




M 


737 


7.88 


6.98 


7.20 


7.63 


6.13 


7.22 


9.00 


686 


1021 


10 .12 


10 39 


7 85 


6 06 


3.97 


393 




A 




















1018 


10.05 


10 41 











ISee footnote 1 in Tables 14 & 17 

Source: Employment, Earnings and Hours (72-002). Statistics Canada. 



56 



July 1978 

Table 17: Average weekly hours, 



Section 4-Table 17 



based on the 1960 standard industrial classification 



























Manufacturing 














































Paper 












Non-durable 
























and 


Year 




Mining, 


Tota 




goods 


Durable 


goods 




Food 












Furniture 


allied 


and 




including 
milling 














and bev- 
erages 


Rubber Leather Textile Wood 
products products products Clothing products 


and 
fixtures 


indus- 


montti 


Unadj 


S.A. 


Unad| 


S.A. 


Unad|. 


S.A. 


tries 




D 


1573 


1574 


4870 


1575 


4872 


1576 


4871 




1577 




1578 


1579 


1580 


1581 


1582 


1583 


1584 


1976 




40.3 


38.7 




37.9 




39.5 






37.7 




39.7 


36.7 


39.1 


35.0 


38.1 


39.2 


39.7 


1977 




40.6 


38.7 




37.8 




39.5 






37.6 




39.6 


36.3 


39.0 


34.8 


37.9 


39.1 


39.2 


1976 


M 


40.2 


38.5 


38.6 


37.7 


37.7 


39.4 


39.4 




37.8 




39.2 


36.2 


38.8 


34.0 


38.2 


38.7 


397 




J 


40.4 


38.7 


38.7 


37.7 


37.7 


39.6 


39.6 




38.0 




39.7 


36.2 


37.9 


33.6 


38.2 


38.2 


39.8 




J 


39.8 


38.2 


38.7 


37.4 


37.8 


38.9 


39.6 




37.6 




38.4 


35.9 


37.9 


34.3 


37.7 


38.6 


39.3 




A 


39.4 


38.5 


38.7 


37.8 


37.8 


39.3 


39.6 




37.8 




39.4 


37.0 


39.0 


35.6 


37.6 


39.0 


39.3 




S 


40.2 


389 


38.5 


38.3 


38.0 


39.5 


39.0 




38.0 




41.1 


37.4 


39.7 


35.7 


38.0 


40.0 


39.8 




O 


40.7 


38.9 


38.5 


38.1 


37.8 


39.7 


39.0 




37.2 




40.1 


36 8 


39.5 


35.6 


380 


39.7 


39.9 




N 


41.2 


39.1 


38.7 


38.2 


37.9 


40.1 


39.6 




37.6 




39.6 


37.6 


39.4 


35.1 


386 


40.1 


39.9 




D 


40.5 


38.2 


39.5 


37.3 


38.4 


39.0 


40.5 




37.4 




38.6 


35.5 


38.5 


33.9 


37.8 


39.1 


39.1 


1977 


J 


41.0 


38.5 


38.5 


37.9 


37.9 


39.1 


39.0 




37.5 




40.2 


35.9 


38.8 


35.4 


38.2 


39.5 


39.9 




F 


40.6 


389 


38.7 


380 


37.9 


398 


39.6 




37.6 




40.3 


36.4 


38.3 


35.1 


38.1 


388 


40.0 




M 


40.7 


38.9 


38.6 


38.0 


37.8 


39.9 


39.7 




37.3 




39.9 


36.3 


39.2 


35.5 


383 


39.2 


39.5 




A 


40.2 


38.7 


38.5 


37.9 


37.7 


39.5 


39.2 




37.7 




40.1 


36.2 


39.1 


34.8 


38.2 


39.0 


39.6 




M 


40.6 


38.3 


38.4 


37.4 


37.4 


39.2 


39.2 




37.6 




39.0 


35.4 


38.3 


33.9 


37.8 


38.0 


390 




J 


40.4 


38.8 


38.8 


37.8 


37.8 


39.7 


39.7 




38.0 




39.7 


36.0 


38.6 


34.3 


380 


38.0 


39.3 




J 


40.2 


38.2 


38.7 


37.5 


37.8 


388 


39.5 




37.7 




38.5 


36.2 


384 


35.1 


37.3 


38.3 


38.5 




A 


40.6 


38.7 


38.9 


37.9 


37.9 


39.4 


39.7 




37.9 




39.2 


37.4 


39.6 


35.5 


37.6 


39.3 


38.7 




S 


40.8 


39.0 


38.6 


37.9 


37.6 


40.1 


396 




37.4 




39.4 


37.3 


39.8 


35.0 


38.0 


39.6 


39 1 




O 


40.9 


39.1 


38.7 


380 


37.7 


40.1 


39.4 




373 




39.2 


36.4 


39.7 


35.3 


38.3 


40.0 


39.3 




N 


41.0 


39.0 


38.6 


37.9 


37.6 


40.1 


39.6 




37.5 




40.1 


37.2 


39.6 


34.5 


38.4 


40.2 


39.5 




D 


40.4 


37.9 


39.2 


37.0 


38.1 


38.8 


40.3 




37.1 




39 1 


35.1 


38.2 


33.4 


36.9 


38.8 


38.1 


1978 


J 


40.6 


37.9 


379 


37.5 


375 


38.2 


38.1 




37.5 




38.8 


35.7 


38.7 


34.9 


37.5 


38.3 


39.3 




F 


40.9 


39.0 


38.8 


38.1 


38.0 


39.9 


39.7 




37.8 




40.1 


37.5 


39.4 


35.6 


38.2 


39.2 


39.7 




M 


40.5 


38.6 


38.3 


37.6 


37.4 


39.6 


39.4 




36.5 




39.1 


36.8 


38.6 


34.5 


38.5 


39.3 


39.5 




A 


39.1 


39.0 


38.8 


37.9 


37.7 


40.0 


39.7 
































Manufacturing 


























































Other industries 






Printing, 
jublishmg 
















Chem- 






f 




Metal 


Ma- 












icals 










Highway 


Laun- 


Hotels, 






and 


Primary 


fabri- 


chinery Transpor- 




Non- 


Pe- 




and 


Constructor 






and 


dries, 


rest- 


Year 




allied 


metal 


cating 
indus- 


(ex 


tation 


Elec- metallic trol^i 


chem- 










bridge 


cleaners 


aurants 


and 




indus- 


indus- 


elec- 


equip- 


trical mineral & 


coal 




ical 






Engi- 


Urban 


mainte- 


and 


and 


month 




tries 


tries 


tries 


trical) 


ment products products products 


products 


Total 


Building 


neering 


transit 


nance 


pressers 


taverns 




D 


1585 


1586 


1587 


1588 


1589 


1590 


1591 


1592 




1593 


1594 


1595 


1596 


1597 


1598 


1599 


1600 


1976 




35.7 


39.9 


39.5 


39.6 


40 2 


38.8 


40.4 


40.8 




39.5 


38.9 


37.4 


41.6 


40 7 


40.6 


33.7 


27.1 


1977 




35.3 


40 1 


39.4 


39.4 


40.6 


38.9 


40.2 


41.0 




39.8 


38.7 


37.1 


41.6 


40.9 


41.3 


33.6 


26.3 


1976 


M 


35.2 


39.8 


39.3 


39.2 


40.6 


38.1 


40.3 


41 




395 


38.6 


36.9 


41.7 


40.8 


39.9 


33.3 


27.3 




J 


35.9 


39.7 


39.6 


39.5 


41.1 


38.7 


41.3 


39.7 




39.4 


39.8 


37.8 


43.1 


40 5 


39.9 


329 


27.3 




J 


35.9 


39.6 


39.1 


388 


39.0 


384 


40.2 


41.0 




38.3 


39.9 


37.9 


430 


41.7 


40.8 


33.8 


28.6 




A 


35.9 


398 


39.3 


38.7 


403 


38.4 


40.7 


409 




38.5 


39.6 


373 


43.1 


41.0 


40.6 


34.0 


285 




S 


36.2 


39.9 


40.0 


39.9 


39.7 


39.7 


40.5 


41.1 




39.7 


39.2 


37.1 


42.4 


40.4 


40.3 


33.2 


27.1 




O 


35.8 


39.7 


40.2 


40.1 


40.2 


38.9 


41.0 


40.6 




40.2 


396 


37.8 


42.7 


40.7 


38.8 


34.0 


26.8 




N 


36.2 


41.3 


40.2 


399 


40.4 


39.3 


40.5 


41.2 




40.1 


39.3 


37.7 


42.3 


406 


40.3 


33.8 


26.5 




D 


35.2 


39.6 


39.2 


39.1 


39.4 


38.2 


39.2 


41.7 




39.0 


34.1 


33.9 


34.5 


41.0 


40.6 


33.9 


25.9 


1977 


J 


35.3 


40.3 


39.6 


39.1 


38.8 


38.4 


39.2 


40.0 




39.7 


372 


36.5 


39.0 


40.1 


40.1 


33.3 


25.8 




F 


35.5 


40.6 


39.8 


39.7 


41.4 


389 


396 


404 




40.3 


37.7 


36.4 


40.6 


40.3 


41.7 


33.4 


26.2 




M 


35.7 


40.2 


398 


39.8 


41.2 


39.0 


40.0 


41.4 




39.9 


38.4 


37.0 


41.5 


40.4 


41.4 


33.9 


25.8 




A 


35.2 


40.0 


397 


39.2 


40.0 


38.9 


40.0 


42.1 




398 


38.5 


37.0 


41.3 


40.8 


40.6 


33.7 


26.0 




M 


34.8 


39.4 


38.8 


39.0 


40.5 


38.4 


40.2 


41.4 




39.5 


38.8 


37.0 


41.7 


41.2 


40.5 


33.3 


26.4 




J 


35.3 


40.0 


39.4 


39.9 


41.3 


392 


40.7 


40.1 




40.0 


39.7 


37.5 


43.0 


40.9 


40.7 


34.3 


26.8 




J 


34.6 


39.6 


38.4 


390 


39.5 


38.7 


39.9 


402 




38.8 


39.8 


37.6 


43.1 


40.9 


42.3 


33.7 


27.6 




A 


35.7 


39.7 


39.4 


39.3 


40.9 


38.7 


399 


40.7 




39.1 


40.1 


37.7 


44.0 


41.6 


41.7 


33.8 


27.5 




S 


36.1 


40.9 


39.8 


40.3 


41.2 


39.4 


40.8 


41.9 




40.3 


39.9 


37.7 


43.4 


41.4 


41.7 


33.9 


26.3 







35.8 


40.1 


40.0 


395 


41 9 


39.2 


41 2 


42.3 




40.4 


40.6 


38.4 


44.2 


40.8 


42.2 


33.8 


25.8 




N 


35.1 


40.3 


39.8 


39.5 


41.4 


39.4 


40.5 


40.9 




40.2 


39.0 


37.3 


42.2 


40.0 


41.9 


33.1 


25.7 




D 


34.1 


39.5 


38.7 


38.6 


39.5 


38.4 


39.8 


40.4 




400 


34.9 


34.6 


35.5 


42.3 


42.6 


32.5 


25.2 


1978 


J 


34.5 


39.6 


38.4 


37.3 


37.6 


37.7 


39.4 


40.6 




399 


363 


35.3 


38.4 


40.6 


439 


324 


25.1 




F 


34.8 


40.2 


39.8 


39.7 


41.1 


39.3 


40.1 


399 




398 


38.1 


36.9 


40.6 


39.9 


43.1 


33.1 


25.6 




M 


35.4 


39.7 


39.8 


39.1 


40.4 


38.7 


40.6 


40.3 




402 


38.3 


36.7 


41.7 


40.8 


43.0 


33.5 


25.8 




A 






















38.5 


37.3 


41.0 











1 Includes hours paid in regular and overtime periods and hours of paid absence in the pay periods reported. See also footnotes in Table 14. 
Source: Employment, Earnings and Hours (72-002), Statistics Canada. 



57 



Section 5 ■ Prices 

60 1. Industry Selling Price Indexes, Selected Industries 

65 2. General Wholesale Price Indexes 

65 3. Other Price Indexes 

66 4. Consumer Price Indexes 

67 5. Construction Price Indexes 



59 



Section 5-Table 1 

Table 1: Industry selling price indexes, selected industries (1971 = 100), 
based on the 1970 standard industrial classification 



July 1978 







Industry 










Food and beverage industries 




















Fruit 




















selling 










& vege- 






Flour 








Confec- 






price 




Slaugh- 






table 




& 


break- 








tionery 


Year 




index: 




tering and 




Fish 


canners 






fast 




Biscuit 




manu- 


and 




manufac- 




meat 


Poultry 


products 


and pre- 




Dairy 


cereal 


Feed 


manufac- 


Bakeries 


fac- 


Month 




turing 


Total 


processors 


processors 


industry 


servers 


products products 


industry 


turers 


industry 


turers 




D 


500000 


500001 


500002 


503001 


503301 


503701 


504801 


507301 


507701 


508601 


508701 


509101 


1976 




161.6 


173.7 


162.5 


198.3 


200.3 


164.7 




178.1 


178.9 


173 6 


178.0 


174.0 


201.2 


1977 




174.0 


185.9 


164.1 


191.2 


226.5 


174.5 




190.3 


182.0 


183.1 


200.0 


184.2 


229 1 


1976 


J 


161.5 


175.7 


167.1 


198 9 


200.0 


163.8 




178.5 


177.6 


179.5 


178.7 


174.4 


201.1 




J 


161.9 


175.6 


162.4 


200.1 


202.2 


164 2 




178.8 


176.3 


186 5 


178.7 


174.9 


201.9 




A 


162.2 


173 6 


159.0 


2008 


203 1 


164.7 




179.1 


176.9 


179.9 


178.7 


175.8 


201.8 




S 


163.4 


175.1 


163.4 


196.8 


203.5 


165.6 




180.0 


1788 


184.5 


178.7 


175.8 


201.8 




O 


163.4 


172.3 


153.9 


194.5 


205.4 


168 2 




1808 


178.7 


174.1 


173 6 


176 


201.8 




N 


163.6 


172.2 


152.2 


187.2 


208 1 


168.4 




183.3 


178.8 


169.7 


177.6 


177.4 


202.1 




D 


165.6 


174.6 


154.1 


184.3 


210.5 


169.7 




183.9 


181.4 


178.3 


177.6 


178.0 


202.9 


1977 


J 


1675 


176.6 


154.8 


181.8 


2149 


169.5 




183.9 


182 3 


184.7 


177.9 


180.0 


220.3 




F 


168 7 


178.5 


154.3 


187.0 


221 5 


170.3 




183.6 


181.8 


187.7 


185.1 


180 4 


223.8 




M 


171.0 


181.2 


155.4 


189 8 


222.3 


171.3 




184.8 


181.1 


192.2 


187 4 


182 5 


223.7 




A 


172.7 


185 4 


155.1 


193.3 


223.6 


171.9 




190.7 


184.2 


200.8 


1874 


182.5 


'225.8 




M 


173.7 


188 4 


162 9 


194.0 


220.4 


172 7 




191.8 


184 4 


2036 


191.8 


184.8 


227.3 




J 


173.9 


188.2 


163.7 


192.4 


219.3 


173.8 




192.3 


183.8 


196 4 


192.0 


184 8 


228.8 




J 


175.1 


187.9 


166.6 


192.2 


224.4 


174 7 




191 9 


182.7 


184 4 


213.1 


184 9 


231 6 




A 


1756 


187.7 


167.1 


193.5 


227.4 


176.0 




192.0 


177.5 


173.4 


213.2 


1849 


233.7 




S 


176.1 


188.2 


171.1 


193.4 


231 1 


176.7 




192.0 


178.3 


166 6 


213.2 


185.7 


2335 







176.9 


187.6 


169.1 


192 9 


2333 


178.2 




193 


178 5 


167 4 


2132 


186.3 


233.5 




N 


177.7 


189.2 


173.4 


192.9 


2379 


178.8 




193.1 


183 8 


168 


213.2 


186 7 


2335 




D 


178.3 


191.0 


176.3 


190.8 


241.6 


179.8 




194.5 


186.0 


172.1 


213.2 


186 7 


233.4 


1978 


J 


180.7 


193.0 


178.7 


190 6 


2453 


181.0 




196.9 


185.5 


176 2 


216.5 


189 1 


237.4 




F 


181.8 


1954 


185.2 


191 5 


250.5 


182 3 




199 9 


185 6 


174.5 


216.5 


190 8 


240.7 




M 


183.1 


197.0 


187.2 


196.0 


2505 


1824 




200 5 


185.7 


181 4 


2199 


192 


242.2 




A 


185.6 


2003 


194.4 


199 5 


253.6 


183.3 




201.1 


186 5 


187.4 


2199 


193.2 


2428 




M 


186 3 


2049 


212.2 


207.7 


2476 


184 5 




203.3 


186.7 


188.5 


219 9 


1932 


245.8 








Food and beverage industries (concl ) 








Rubber and plastic produc 


s industnes 










Miscel- 


Soft 
















Plastics 






Cane 




laneous 


drink 


















fabri- 


Year 




& beet 


Vege- 


lood 


manu- 








Tobacco 




Tire and 




Other 


cating 


and 




sugar 


table oil processors 


fac- 


Dis- 






products 




tube 


Rubber 


rubber 


industry 


Month 




processors 


mills 


NES 


turers 


tilleries Breweries Wineries 


industries 


Total 


Industry 


footwear 


products 


NES 




D 


509401 


509601 


509801 


510501 


510801 


3 1 1 00 1 511101 


511301 


511500 


511501 


511901 


512101 


512701 


1976 




199.2 


196.0 


171.4 


191.6 


116 7 


181 3 


1573 


137 7 


140 4 


134.9 


159.6 


142.7 


142.4 


1977 




173.5 


229.2 


219.1 


1957 


125.5 


197 5 


171 8 


146.0 


148.1 


140 5 


171 9 


153 


150 1 


1976 


J 


217.1 


2098 


172.4 


190 3 


116 


182.0 


154 5 


135.9 


1399 


134 1 


160.7 


1433 


141.5 




J 


217.0 


217 1 


172 2 


190 8 


115 9 


1820 


154 5 


1359 


1407 


133 6 


160 9 


143 


144.1 




A 


1866 


201 9 


170.9 


190.8 


1168 


1820 


154 5 


138 2 


1417 


135 6 


160 9 


1435 


1446 




S 


160.2 


2089 


173 4 


192.1 


116 


185 3 


154 5 


139.8 


142.6 


137 2 


160 9 


143 5 


1453 




O 


160 8 


198 6 


174.6 


192.1 


115.9 


1853 


165 4 


140 5 


142.6 


1375 


161 8 


143 6 


144.9 




N 


158.4 


2009 


174.9 


192.1 


116.1 


1859 


1654 


141.4 


143 


137 5 


161.8 


144 9 


145.1 




D 


159.1 


2129 


182.6 


191.8 


118 6 


185.9 


165 4 


141.5 


1436 


139 3 


161 8 


1449 


145.1 


1977 


J 


167.4 


226.7 


187 8 


191 8 


118.3 


187.6 


165 4 


141.5 


145.3 


1409 


165 3 


148 7 


1456 




F 


172.5 


227.8 


1975 


191 8 


119.1 


191 3 


165 4 


141.5 


145 5 


140 6 


165 3 


149.6 


146 1 




M 


182 3 


2469 


2077 


192 6 


121.5 


195.2 


1654 


144.4 


146.3 


1407 


168 9 


150.7 


1469 




A 


191 4 


284.2 


217.2 


192.6 


124 4 


194 8 


165.4 


146 


147.3 


141 3 


173 6 


151 5 


148 1 




M 


182.9 


2852 


222.7 


195 


124.3 


200 


165 4 


146 


147.1 


1395 


173 6 


151.3 


1493 




J 


173.5 


2580 


229.3 


195 9 


124 7 


2004 


167.2 


1460 


1477 


139.8 


173 6 


151 3 


150 6 




J 


167 6 


2165 


2300 


195 9 


125.3 


200 1 


175.4 


146.0 


1483 


140 1 


173 6 


152.5 


151 




A 


173.6 


198 2 


232.7 


1978 


126.3 


2002 


175.5 


146 


149 1 


1399 


173 6 


154 2 


152 4 




S 


171.5 


192 5 


232.2 


197.8 


126.1 


2000 


175.5 


1460 


1488 


139 6 


173 6 


154 3 


151 9 




o 


164.7 


191.4 


224.3 


199 


131.7 


200 1 


180 2 


146.0 


1489 


139.4 


173 6 


154 2 


152 3 




N 


158 1 


2106 


2240 


199 2 


1325 


200 .1 


180 2 


150 1 


151 1 


141 6 


173 6 


159 2 


153 3 




D 


176.2 


212.2 


2245 


199 4 


131.5 


200.1 


180 2 


152.4 


151 6 


1422 


174 1 


158 9 


154.1 


1978 


J 


184 3 


2070 


226.1 


199 4 


131 7 


200.0 


1830 


152 5 


1527 


143 2 


1773 


161 6 


1544 




F 


182 3 


203 7 


2243 


2040 


1327 


199 9 


183.0 


1527 


153 1 


143 1 


179 2 


1623 


155.0 




M 


171.8 


235.2 


2237 


2046 


133 3 


199 9 


1830 


152.7 


1537 


1434 


179 2 


162 9 


155 8 




A 


175.6 


2447 


2233 


2062 


138 


2073 


183 


152.7 


154 1 


1433 


182 2 


163 4 


156 4 




M 


167.5 


2450 


225.8 


206.2 


135.1 


2087 


182.7 


1527 


154.4 


144 3 


182 2 


163 3 


156 3 



Source: Industry Price Indexes (62-011). Statistics Canada. 



60 



July 1978 

Table 1: Industry selling price indexes, selected industries (1971 = 100), 
based on the 1970 standard industrial classification/Continued 



Section 5-Table 1 /Continued 









Leather industries 










































Textile industries 
















Leather 
glove 


Miscel- 






laneous 






Cotton 


Wool 




Thraw- 
















factories 


leather 






yarn 


yarn 


Fibre 


sters, 


Carpet 




Year 










(excl. 


products 






and 


and 


and 


spun 


mat and 




and 






Leather 


Shoe 


rubber 


manufac- 






cloth 


cloth 


filament 


yarn 


rug 


Thread 


Montr 




Total 


tanneries 


factories 


gloves) 


turers 


Total 




mills 


mills 


yarns 


& cloth 


industry 


mills 




D 


513400 


513401 


513601 


514001 


514301 


514500 


514501 


514801 


515001 


515201 


515701 


516201 


1976 




160.6 


193.7 


1550 


165.5 


142.9 


142.5 




175.9 


159 6 


129.9 


120.6 


118.3 


152.7 


1977 




173.2 


214.4 


165.9 


188.2 


151.1 


150 4 




191.7 


167.1 


133.3 


126.2 


119.5 


162.1 


1976 


J 


161.9 


2036 


154.5 


165.3 


142.5 


142.0 




173.9 


159.0 


129.8 


120.8 


119.1 


151.8 




J 


161.9 


201.7 


154.9 


166.3 


142.8 


142.4 




175.7 


159.0 


129.5 


121.0 


119.4 


151.8 




A 


162 7 


201.0 


156 3 


167.2 


143.0 


1427 




176.5 


159.3 


131.0 


120.3 


119.4 


151.8 




S 


163.7 


201 9 


157.7 


167.5 


143.0 


143 6 




179.4 


160.5 


131.1 


120.8 


118.1 


151.8 







164.0 


196 3 


158.3 


168.4 


147.2 


145 1 




183.8 


162.1 


129.8 


120.8 


118.1 


155.6 




N 


163.3 


192 


158.3 


168.6 


147.2 


145.0 




183.9 


162.7 


130.1 


119.8 


118.2 


155.6 




D 


163.0 


187.3 


158 9 


168 6 


147.7 


145.4 




185.6 


163.0 


130 


119.5 


118.2 


155.6 


1977 


J 


167.8 


2004 


162 7 


175.9 


148.3 


146.5 




187.3 


163.8 


130.1 


121.5 


119.1 


158.3 




F 


169.1 


206.2 


1632 


177.5 


147.8 


147.7 




187.3 


164.7 


132 6 


124.1 


119.1 


158.3 




M 


171.3 


212.6 


164.7 


180.7 


1485 


148.2 




187.6 


166.3 


132.4 


124 6 


119.7 


158.3 




A 


172 6 


2197 


164 6 


181.0 


150.1 


1492 




189.7 


166.6 


133 6 


124.9 


118.6 


158.7 




M 


173.4 


2209 


164.7 


188.3 


150.9 


149.6 




189.7 


166 1 


133 9 


126 8 


117.9 


158 7 




J 


173 9 


219.1 


166.1 


188.3 


150 9 


149.8 




189.7 


166.1 


134.0 


127.2 


118 4 


159.0 




J 


173 4 


2129 


166.2 


191 


152.3 


151.2 




193.8 


167.3 


134.2 


127.2 


118.7 


165.7 




A 


174.0 


213.5 


166.8 


192.2 


152.3 


151.7 




193.8 


168.0 


134.4 


127 3 


119.2 


165.7 




S 


174.5 


214.1 


167.1 


194.2 


153.1 


152 




194.4 


1686 


133 6 


127.6 


119.2 


165.7 




O 


175.3 


215.2 


168.0 


195.7 


153.1 


152.8 




195.8 


169.0 


133.8 


127.4 


121.3 


165.7 




N 


175.7 


2150 


168.5 


197.0 


153.1 


152.9 




195.8 


167.9 


134.1 


127.5 


121.3 


165.7 




D 


177.1 


223.1 


168.7 


197.1 


153.1 


153.1 




195.8 


170.5 


133.3 


1279 


121.4 


165.7 


1978 J 


180 9 


2267 


171.6 


204.4 


158 6 


154.7 




198.0 


176.1 


133.8 


128.0 


122.2 


169.6 




F 


182.0 


231 .5 


171.8 


2046 


159.1 


155.3 




198.0 


177.3 


134.9 


128.6 


122.4 


171.5 




M 


183 


2346 


172.3 


208.7 


159.1 


155.5 




198.3 


1782 


1353 


1286 


1224 


171.5 




A 


1853 


2398 


174.5 


209.2 


159.9 


156.8 




199.8 


179.3 


135.5 


129 9 


123.2 


184 6 




M 


186 2 


242.8 


175.1 


209.6 


159.9 


157.2 




199 9 


179.8 


136.3 


130 4 


123.5 


184 6 














Clothing 




























industries 








Wood 


industries 












Knitting 


mills 


































Mens 




-ound- 

ation 








Sawmills 
and 


Veneer 
and 


Sash, door 


Year 








Other 


& other 


and 






Hosiery 


Knitted 


knitting 


clothing 


garment 






Shingle 


planing 


plywood 


millwork 


Month 




Total 


mills 


fabrics 


mills 


factories 


industry 




Total 


mills 


mills 


mills 


plants 




D 


516600 


516601 


516801 


517101 


517501 


518501 




519100 


519101 


519201 


520701 


521001 


1976 




125.2 


119.2 


108.5 


143.0 


154 




140.7 




167.9 


223.8 


163.8 


169.5 


169.3 


1977 




132.2 


123.0 


115.3 


152.0 


167.4 




1492 




188.6 


270.5 


190.7 


174.9 


182 


1976 


J 


1250 


119.3 


108 6 


142.5 


155.0 




140.7 




164.6 


211.7 


158.4 


171.3 


169.5 




J 


125.3 


120 3 


107.7 


143.5 


155.6 




140 8 




166.4 


224.5 


161.3 


167.6 


171.0 




A 


125.4 


120.3 


108 


143.5 


155.6 




140.8 




171.4 


230.8 


168 6 


169.1 


172.7 




S 


126 3 


120.5 


108.7 


145.0 


155.9 




144.8 




172.4 


231 9 


170.8 


166 2 


172.9 







1270 


120.5 


109.5 


145.8 


156.3 




145.1 




170.0 


2253 


167.5 


163.0 


174.1 




N 


127.2 


120.5 


109.5 


1463 


157.5 




146.8 




170.4 


226.7 


167 9 


1633 


174.6 




D 


127.3 


120 9 


109.5 


146.3 


159.5 




146.8 




175.4 


240.5 


174.2 


1686 


174.7 


1977 


J 


128.8 


122.0 


110.3 


148.7 


163.1 




1468 




175.2 


239.4 


174.2 


1662 


174.3 




F 


129.1 


122.0 


110.8 


149.0 


163.4 




1468 




177.0 


240.0 


177.4 


161.8 


175.9 




M 


130.7 


122.4 


113.7 


150.0 


164.9 




146.8 




180.4 


252.3 


180.9 


169 1 


176.2 




A 


131.5 


121.3 


115.3 


151.2 


165.4 




146.7 




181.5 


2547 


180 9 


173.6 


178.7 




M 


132.1 


122.4 


115.7 


151.7 


165.7 




146.7 




181.0 


251.7 


179 5 


172.5 


182.3 




J 


132.1 


122.5 


115.7 


151.7 


166.3 




148.2 




182.2 


252.5 


182 3 


168 6 


182.7 




J 


133.5 


123.5 


116.7 


153.7 


167.8 




150.5 




189 6 


2579 


193.7 


169.8 


182.7 




A 


133 4 


124.0 


116.8 


153.1 


169 2 




150.5 




199.0 


291.7 


2055 


179.4 


183.7 




S 


133.6 


124.0 


117.0 


153.3 


169.3 




151.4 




203.1 


2958 


209.4 


187.3 


185.8 







133.8 


124.0 


117.3 


153.7 


169.8 




152.1 




198.2 


298.5 


2007 


187.6 


187.2 




N 


133.9 


124.0 


117.3 


154.0 


170.6 




151.8 




196 8 


303.1 


199.2 


182.8 


187.2 




D 


134.0 


124.2 


117.3 


154.0 


173.3 




151.8 




199.5 


308.6 


204.2 


180 5 


187.2 


1978 


J 


136.4 


125.6 


118.3 


158.2 


175.4 




153.7 




208.0 


321.6 


215.1 


187.5 


189 1 




F 


136.6 


125.9 


118.3 


158.3 


175.4 




157.7 




212.4 


322.4 


219.8 


197.9 


189.3 




M 


136.5 


126.2 


118.8 


157.5 


175.8 




157.7 




215.4 


323.3 


2224 


205.7 


1900 




A 


137.5 


126 3 


118.9 


159 8 


175.9 




157.7 




217.6 


328.6 


223.7 


210.8 


193.5 




M 


138.2 


126.3 


118.9 


161.7 


176.9 




157.8 




217.7 


310.2 


224.3 


2103 


1939 



Source: Industry Price Indexes (62-011), Statistics Canada. 



61 



Section 5-Table 1 /Continued 

Table 1: Industry selling price indexes, selected industries (1971 
based on the 1976 standard industrial classification/Continued 



100), 



July 1978 















Furniture and fixture i 


ndustries 
















Wood industries 


(concl.) 




































House- 
hold 




Office 


Miscel- 
laneous 
furniture 




Paper and allied industries 








Manufac- 
turers of 




Coffin 








Pulp 


Asphalt 


Folding 


Year 




Hardwood 


pre-fab- 


Wooden 


and 


furniture 


furniture 


& fixtures 




and 


roofing 


carton 


and 




flooring 


ricated 


box 


casket 


manufac- 


manufac- 


manufac- 




paper 


manufac- 


and set-up 


Month 




plants 


building 


factories 


industry 


Total 


turers 




turers 


turers 


Total 


mills 


turers 


boxes 




D 


521401 


521601 


521801 


522001 


523200 


523201 


523601 


523801 


524200 


524201 


525601 


525801 


1976 




171.8 


191.1 


166.0 


150.3 


163.4 


168.4 




152.5 


160.1 


182.8 


191.6 


201.2 


163.8 


1977 




185.2 


200.8 


174.2 


158.6 


173.0 


178.5 




162.4 


168.8 


193.5 


204.6 


218.0 


169.2 


1976 


J 


171.5 


191.5 


165.6 


151.9 


162.2 


167.9 




150.8 


158.1 


182.7 


191.0 


203.4 


165.4 




J 


174.7 


191.8 


166.3 


151.9 


163.7 


170.1 




152.5 


158.4 


182.9 


191.1 


204.5 


166.6 




A 


175.9 


191.8 


168.8 


151 9 


165.6 


170.5 




154.7 


162.3 


184.2 


192.9 


204.5 


166 8 




S 


176.2 


191.8 


170.0 


151.9 


166.0 


170.5 




156.0 


163.1 


183.4 


191.7 


2045 


166.8 







176.4 


191.8 


1696 


151.9 


166.7 


171.5 




156.1 


163.6 


183.4 


191.5 


2059 


166 8 




N 


176.4 


191.8 


170 3 


151.9 


166.9 


171.7 




156.1 


163.8 


183.5 


191.7 


207.6 


166.9 




D 


177.2 


193.3 


170.0 


153.4 


167.0 


171.8 




156.1 


163.8 


188.1 


198.1 


205.7 


166.6 


1977 


J 


177.4 


196.1 


171.1 


157.3 


170.7 


176.9 




157.7 


166.4 


188.9 


199.1 


203.7 


167.9 




F 


177.9 


201.3 


171.1 


157.5 


170.7 


176.9 




157.9 


166.4 


189.7 


200.1 


2037 


169.2 




M 


177.7 


198.8 


171.2 


157.5 


171.1 


177.0 




160.1 


166 6 


192.0 


2034 


2036 


169 5 




A 


181.0 


201 3 


172.8 


158.6 


170.9 


175.6 




160 8 


167.6 


192.8 


204.0 


2095 


'168.2 




M 


184 2 


201 2 


173.8 


158 6 


171.7 


177.0 




161 8 


167.6 


192 8 


203.8 


217.1 


168.5 




J 


184.5 


201 2 


173.7 


159.1 


172.8 


177.5 




164 2 


169 2 


193.5 


2048 


2198 


168 9 




J 


187.3 


201.2 


174.5 


159 1 


173.2 


178.0 




164.2 


169 4 


195.4 


2072 


222.0 


169.1 




A 


188.2 


201.2 


175.1 


156.9 


173.5 


178.4 




164.2 


169 7 


195.1 


206.7 


222.0 


1690 




S 


188 8 


201 2 


176.4 


158.7 


173 8 


179 




164 2 


169.7 


194 9 


206.2 


223.7 


169.4 




O 


190 2 


201.2 


176.4 


158 7 


174.7 


179.7 




164.2 


171.1 


196.5 


207.9 


232.1 


169.9 




N 


193.0 


201.2 


177.1 


160 3 


176.8 


183.8 




164.7 


171.1 


196.8 


207.7 


232.1 


170.6 




D 


192.3 


201.2 


176.5 


160.3 


176 4 


1829 




164.7 


171.1 


194 


203.8 


2269 


170.7 


1978 


J 


194.9 


2054 


1782 


1652 


178 3 


183.6 




166.2 


175.0 


193.8 


203.3 


2156 


172.2 




F 


196.5 


205.4 


179 8 


166 2 


178.6 


184.1 




166 4 


175.0 


195 


204 9 


215.6 


171.8 




M 


201 2 


2054 


180 7 


166.2 


179.2 


184.2 




167 9 


176.1 


195 6 


205.7 


215.6 


171.8 




A 


210.4 


205.4 


181.9 


166 4 


180.0 


184.5 




1679 


1776 


202.2 


215.0 


216.1 


172.3 




M 


2096 


205.4 


183.9 


170.7 


180.1 


183.9 




169.7 


178.3 


199 8 


211.3 


216.1 


172.3 




















Primary metal industries 












Paper and allied 
industries (concl ) 














































Copper 






























& copper 


Metal 








Paper 










Steel 








Aluminum 


alloy 


rolling, 






Corrugated 


& plastic 


Miscel- 




Iron 




pipe 








rolling, 


rolling. 


casting 


Year 




box 


bag 


laneous 




and 




and 




Iron 


Smelting 


casting 


casting 


and 


and 




manufac- 


manufac- 


paper 




steel 




tube 




found- 


and 


and 


and 


extruding 


Month 




turers 


turers 


convenors 


Total 


mills 




mills 




enes 


refining 


extruding 


extruding 


N.E.S. 




D 


526001 


526101 


526501 


527100 


527101 


527801 




528001 


528301 


528" 


528901 


529101 


1976 




155.9 


162.0 


160.6 


169.9 


I 77 2 




179.1 




180.9 


165.1 


155 8 


138.4 


181.0 


1977 




161.1 


166.1 


1665 


190 5 


187.9 




197 8 




189 6 


2007 


173.6 


144.5 


216.3 


1976 


J 


159 8 


161 6 


161 


169.3 


177.6 




176.0 




181.1 


163 3 


155.6 


137.9 


1823 




J 


160.0 


161.7 


161.3 


171.1 


178 5 




179 8 




181.1 


165 7 


157.2 


142.9 


1840 




A 


160 


162.7 


161.6 


171.9 


180 2 




180.1 




180.8 


165.8 


157 2 


142.9 


187.3 




S 


160.0 


162.9 


161 .7 


171.8 


180 6 




180 7 




182.4 


164 1 


158.8 


143.2 


1879 




O 


159.9 


163.1 


161.8 


172.8 


181 3 




186.1 




182.5 


164 1 


1659 


143.1 


186.6 




N 


159 9 


163.1 


1622 


174 7 


181 8 




186 1 




184 3 


169 


166 3 


1409 


187.6 




D 


159.9 


163.6 


162.7 


180.6 


181.8 




186.6 




184 9 


186.3 


166.4 


139 3 


190 3 


1977 


J 


159.8 


1652 


1630 


182.4 


182.3 




186.6 




185.2 


190.7 


166.3 


138.3 


194.0 




F 


159 9 


164 9 


163 3 


185.5 


185 5 




187 4 




185.2 


194 4 


166.4 


142.3 


201 9 




M 


159.9 


165.2 


163.7 


189.1 


184 9 




190 9 




1859 


2030 


166 4 


1488 


209 1 




A 


160.9 


1653 


165 6 


190 4 


185.3 




191 8 




186.7 


2044 


166 4 


154 


2165 




M 


160 3 


165.3 


1656 


190.7 


185 1 




191.8 




188.3 


205.0 


166 3 


154 9 


2152 




J 


160 3 


165 3 


165 3 


188 9 


184 8 




191.8 




188 5 


2006 


166 4 


150 2 


219.5 




J 


160.3 


166.0 


166.5 


191 9 


187.1 




2034 




187 9 


2035 


176 1 


1474 


218.8 




A 


160.3 


165 4 


168 


191 9 


190.7 




2039 




190.9 


198 7 


179.1 


144 2 


221.4 




S 


160 2 


165.6 


168.2 


191.9 


191 




2049 




191.9 


198 9 


179 


140 1 


2214 







160.3 


169.0 


169 


194.1 


191.9 




205.1 




191.9 


203 7 


182.9 


1379 


223.6 




IN 


164.6 


167 9 


169 9 


195 


193 1 




2080 




196.0 


2033 


184 1 


138 


2266 




D 


165.9 


167.7 


170 


194.7 


193.5 




208.0 




196.4 


201 8 


184 


138 


2278 


1978 


J 


165.5 


169 8 


171.4 


196.8 


193.3 




2085 




196 8 


2066 


184 9 


144.1 


230.2 




F 


165.5 


169.3 


172 2 


197.8 


1938 




2102 




197.7 


2080 


186 


144 3 


2320 




M 


165.5 


1710 


172.4 


201.0 


194 2 




210.5 




197 7 


210.4 


223.0 


144.4 


231.6 




A 


165 6 


170 8 


172 8 


205.5 


2005 




2124 




197 9 


215.5 


2248 


148.5 


2307 




M 


165.6 


171.2 


173 7 


204 .1 


201.9 




214.4 




198.1 


209 1 


2259 


1485 


229 7 



Source: Industry Price Indexes (62-011). Statistics Canada. 



62 



July 1978 

Table 1: Industry selling price indexes, selected industries (1971 
based on the 1970 standard industrial classification/Continued 



Section 5-Table 1 /Continued 



100) 

























Transportation 


















Machinery 


industries 




equipment 








Metal fabrication 


industries 


. 






















Miscel- 
laneous 


Commercial 
refrig- 




Motor 












Hardware, 




vehicle 










Wire 


tool 


Heating 






machinery 


eration 




parts 








Metal 


and wire 


and 


equip- 




Agri- 


& equip- 


and air 


Motor 


& acces- 


Year 




Boiler 


stamping 


products 


cutlery 


ment 




cultural 


ment 


condition- 


vehicle 


sories 


and 




and plate 


and 


manufac- 


manufac- 


manufac- 




implement 


manufac- 


ing equip- 


manufac- 


manufac- 


Month 


Total 


works 


pressing 


turers 


turers 


turers 


Total 


industry 


turers 


ment 


turers 


turers 


D 


529400 


529401 


530301 


530901 


531301 


531901 


532900 


532901 


533301 


535301 


535801 


536401 


1976 


162.3 


161.7 


159.4 


171.0 


147.3 


146.9 


151.3 


165.7 


156.3 


130.6 


122.1 


143.1 


1977 


172.1 


190.9 


171.4 


175.4 


162.6 


156.5 


158.9 


177.6 


165.5 


138.9 


132.2 


157.6 


1976 J 


162.4 


161.8 


160.9 


169.7 


147.2 


147.0 


151.0 


165.7 


155.8 


130.3 


122.1 


141.9 


J 


162.7 


162.1 


161.0 


170.2 


147.2 


147.2 


151.8 


165.9 


157.0 


130.7 


122.1 


142.6 


A 


163 


162.1 


161.3 


170.5 


148.1 


147.6 


152.0 


166.1 


157.3 


130.9 


122.2 


144.5 


S 


164.1 


162.3 


161.4 


173.9 


148.1 


1476 


152.5 


166.2 


158.0 


132.2 


122.2 


144.3 


O 


164.4 


162.4 


161.4 


174.9 


148.2 


149.0 


153.2 


166.6 


159.0 


132.2 


1230 


144.9 


N 


164.5 


162.4 


161.4 


175.0 


149.1 


1490 


153.7 


168.6 


159.4 


132.3 


122.5 


145.8 


D 


164.6 


162.4 


161.7 


174.2 


149.7 


149.0 


154.7 


170.9 


160.2 


132.7 


122.5 


147.7 


1977 J 


165.7 


163.8 


162.0 


175.7 


153.5 


150.5 


156.1 


172.7 


161.5 


134.7 


129.2 


150.2 


F 


167.1 


164.6 


165.8 


175.9 


155.7 


151.5 


155.9 


173.8 


161.0 


134.7 


129.6 


151.9 


M 


167.8 


164.8 


167.2 


174.8 


160.1 


151.8 


156.4 


174.6 


161.4 


136.5 


130.2 


154.1 


A 


169.4 


164.7 


170.8 


174.6 


160.8 


1556 


156.5 


175.0 


163.1 


136.6 


130.2 


155.4 


M 


172.1 


2023 


170.9 


175.4 


161.7 


155.6 


157.6 


175.9 


164.6 


137.0 


131.2 


155.5 


J 


172.4 


2023 


171.4 


175.1 


162.0 


1557 


158.2 


176.4 


165.4 


137.2 


131.3 


157.0 


J 


173.3 


202.3 


171.6 


174.9 


164.0 


156.9 


159.1 


177.1 


166 5 


137.2 


131.3 


157.5 


A 


173.6 


202.3 


172.2 


175.1 


164.3 


156.9 


159.8 


178.5 


167.2 


139.0 


131.4 


159.2 


S 


174.9 


205.5 


174.6 


175.6 


165.2 


159.5 


160.4 


178.5 


167.7 


142.4 


131.5 


160.7 





175.9 


206.0 


176.3 


175.9 


166.3 


160.2 


161.5 


181.2 


168 6 


143.4 


136.6 


162.1 


N 


176.6 


2060 


176.3 


175.9 


169.0 


161.9 


162.5 


184.4 


159.4 


144.0 


136.8 


163.8 


D 


177.0 


206.1 


177.4 


176.0 


168.9 


161.9 


162.9 


183.5 


170.0 


143.9 


136.8 


163.6 


1978 J 


178.9 


206.4 


180.0 


176.7 


172.7 


162.2 


164.3 


184.2 


171.7 


144.4 


139.5 


167.2 


F 


179.4 


206.8 


180.3 


176.8 


174.1 


162 2 


164.8 


185 4 


172.1 


145.7 


140 3 


168.8 


M 


180.4 


207.1 


181.1 


179.3 


174.6 


164 6 


165.0 


186.2 


172.4 


146.3 


140.6 


170.3 


A 


184.0 


207.6 


187.9 


183.8 


176.5 


168.5 


166.2 


187.1 


173.8 


146.5 


140.7 


172.1 


M 


184.7 


207.7 


188.2 


184.0 


175.6 


169.8 


166.3 


186.3 


174.1 


1464 


141.6 


170.1 










Electrical 


products industries 


































Non-metallic minera 
products industries 










Manufac- 




















Manufac- 


turers 
of major 




Manufac- 


Manufac- 






Manufac- 
turers of 












Clay 


Clay 






turers 


appli- 




turers of 


turers of 


Manufac- 




miscel- 




products 


products 






of small 


ances 


Manufac- 


household 


electrical 


turers of 




laneous 




manufac- 


manufac- 


Year 




electrical 


(electrical 


turers of 


radio and 


industrial 


electric 


Battery 


electrical 




turers 


turers 


and 




appli- 


and non- 


lighting 


television 


equip- 


wire and 


manufac- 


products 




(domestic 


(imported 


Month 


Total 


ances 


electrical) 


fixtures 


receivers 


ment 


cable 


turers 


NES. 


Total 


clays) 


clays) 


D 


537300 


537301 


537701 


S38101 


538301 


538701 


539901 


540601 


540901 


541400 


541401 


541601 


1976 


140.2 


130 8 


141.5 


154.1 


112.3 


148.5 


143.1 


163.3 


143.0 


163.2 


169.6 


161.7 


1977 


147.3 


134.9 


147.8 


167.8 


114.2 


153 2 


148.9 


179.6 


152 2 


177.6 


182.8 


164.7 


1976 J 


140.3 


131.2 


141.8 


154.4 


112.2 


148.6 


144.2 


164.1 


141.8 


164.7 


169.9 


163.1 


J 


140.2 


131.2 


142.1 


154 


112.9 


147.4 


144.6 


164.5 


141.2 


164.7 


169 8 


163.0 


A 


140.5 


131.4 


141.9 


154.1 


112.5 


148.3 


144.4 


164.9 


142.8 


165.0 


170.0 


163.2 


S 


140.7 


131.4 


142.6 


154.4 


112.4 


146.5 


145.7 


169.2 


144.5 


165.2 


170.5 


163.2 


O 


140.7 


131.5 


142.0 


155.8 


112.4 


145.9 


146.5 


169 7 


145.1 


165.3 


170.5 


163.1 


N 


141.1 


131.6 


142.1 


1559 


111.4 


147.6 


146.4 


169.9 


145.3 


165.2 


170.8 


163.6 


D 


142.5 


131.8 


142.1 


163.7 


111.7 


150.6 


145.6 


170.8 


148.3 


165.8 


172.6 


163 6 


1977 J 


143.2 


134.1 


143.5 


169 


115.5 


149.3 


145.3 


172.0 


147.7 


169.4 


178.2 


165.5 


F 


143.2 


134.2 


143.8 


168.9 


115.5 


148.0 


146.0 


172.4 


149.2 


174.0 


176.8 


165.5 


M 


143.9 


134.4 


144.1 


168.6 


113.8 


150.2 


148.6 


177.0 


149.6 


176.3 


177.5 


162.0 


A 


146.9 


134.6 


146.6 


167.6 


113.5 


150.7 


152.0 


178.6 


151.8 


177.0 


180.3 


162.7 


M 


147.3 


134.6 


147.1 


168.3 


113.1 


150.7 


152.7 


180.2 


155.1 


178.4 


182.5 


162.6 


J 


147.2 


134.8 


148.1 


167.9 


113.3 


151.5 


151.8 


180.7 


152.1 


1788 


183.1 


162.4 


J 


148.7 


135.2 


148.4 


166.2 


113.3 


156.2 


151.2 


181.4 


152.0 


179.3 


184.6 


165.6 


A 


148.5 


135.1 


148.8 


166.0 


111.9 


156.5 


149.9 


181.2 


151.7 


179.0 


185.5 


165.5 


S 


148.6 


135.1 


149.5 


166.3 


114.2 


155.5 


148.8 


182.0 


153.5 


179.0 


185.6 


165.4 


O 


149.9 


135.3 


149.7 


166 2 


115.3 


157.0 


147.5 


182.8 


155.1 


179.1 


186.1 


166.5 


N 


149.4 


135.4 


151.7 


169.2 


115.7 


152.4 


146.8 


183.4 


154.5 


179.6 


186.7 


166.5 


D 


151.2 


135.7 


152.2 


169.2 


115.7 


160.9 


146.8 


184.0 


154.2 


180.7 


186.5 


166.5 


1978 J 


153.0 


137.6 


153.8 


169.1 


115.2 


158.9 


146.4 


191.0 


159.0 


188.4 


189.7 


165.4 


F 


153.6 


138.2 


154.3 


169.2 


115.3 


157.6 


151.0 


191.1 


160.5 


189.6 


190.3 


169.3 


M 


154.7 


138.3 


155.1 


171.4 


115.7 


161.7 


152.4 


191.3 


159.8 


191.1 


190.4 


169.3 


A 


155.9 


138.7 


155.7 


171.6 


115.9 


163.0 


153.3 


195.1 


161.8 


191.6 


190.7 


173.0 


M 


155.8 


139.3 


156.2 


171.7 


115.6 


162.9 


153.1 


195.6 


161.7 


191.0 


198.7 


173.0 



Source: Industry Price Indexes (62-011), Statistics Canada. 



63 



Section 5-Table 1 /Concluded 

Table 1: Industry selling price indexes, selected industries (1971 = 100) 
based on the 1970 standard industrial classification/Concluded 



July 1978 













Non-metallic mineral products 


ndustnes (concl.) 








Petroleum and 
















Ready- 


Glass 










coal 










Concrete 


Concrete 


mix 


& glass 








Refrac- 


products industries 


Year 






Cement 


pipe 


products 


concrete 


Droducts 


Abrasives 




Lime 


tories 








and 






manufac- 


manufac- 


manufac- 


manufac- manufac- 


manufac- 


manufac- 


manufac- 






Petroleum 


Month 






turers 


turers 


turers 


turers 


turers 


turers 




turers 


turers 




Total 


refineries 




D 




541801 


542001 


542401 


542901 


630980 


543501 




543701 


543901 


544000 


544001 


1976 






171.0 


179.8 


161.5 


172.2 


138.6 


167.5 




204.3 


179.8 


210.1 


211.5 


1977 






186.7 


189.8 


173.6 


187.3 


150.7 


194.7 




228.7 


199.3 








1976 


J 




173.7 


179.7 


161.7 


174.1 


139.5 


170.4 




203.3 


183.6 


204.0 


205.2 




J 




173.7 


179 9 


161.9 


173.9 


139.5 


170.6 




2049 


183 6 


204.5 


205.7 




A 




173.7 


1799 


162.4 


174.0 


140.0 


171.6 




204.9 


183 6 


204.9 


206.1 




s 




173.7 


179.9 


161.9 


173.9 


141.0 


170.7 




210.6 


183.6 


223.0 


224.6 




o 




173.7 


179.9 


162.0 


173.9 


141.0 


170.6 




212.5 


184.5 


225.7 


227.4 




N 




173.7 


179.9 


161.8 


173.5 


141.0 


170.8 




212.5 


184.5 


225.9 


227.5 




D 




173.7 


179.9 


161.2 


174.6 


141.5 


174.0 




212.5 


184.5 


226.3 


227.9 


1977 


J 




179.2 


180.8 


165.7 


179.7 


141.8 


181.8 




220.2 


184.9 


2266 


228.2 




F 




185.2 


186.3 


1683 


182.4 


149.6 


191.5 




220.2 


186.8 










M 




186.4 


186.3 


169.7 


187.5 


150.0 


193.1 




220.2 


198.9 












A 




185.2 


188.9 


172.5 


188.4 


150.0 


193 




221.4 


199.8 












M 




186.1 


191.3 


175.4 


188.8 


151.8 


192.9 




229.3 


199.8 












J 




188.2 


191.3 


175.4 


189.1 


152.0 


192.8 




229.3 


200.3 












J 




188.1 


192.6 


176.2 


188.9 


152.1 


197.5 




2293 


200.3 












A 




188.1 


192.1 


176 4 


188.2 


151.4 


197.6 




229.3 


200.3 












S 




188.1 


192.1 


176.1 


188.0 


151.4 


197.6 




231.8 


200.3 












O 




188.1 


192.1 


176.1 


187.8 


151.6 


197.8 




237.2 


201.2 












N 




188 .1 


192.1 


175.9 


189.0 


151.6 


199.1 




238.3 


201.2 












D 




189.5 


192.1 


176.1 


189 6 


151.5 


202.1 




238.3 


217.6 










1978 


J 




205.7 


192.5 


184 9 


197.6 


159 4 


203.1 




2383 


220.4 












F 




203.6 


193.2 


185.2 


199.1 


159 5 


220.3 




2383 


220.4 












M 




203.6 


193.2 


186.7 


2039 


159 6 


220.6 




239.9 


2204 












A 




204.4 


193.2 


187.4 


2030 


161.1 


221.7 




239.9 


221.1 












M 




204.4 


193.2 


187 4 


199.3 


161.0 


221.7 




239.9 


221.1 


















Chemical 


and chemical products industries 








Miscellaneous 


manufacturing industries 










Manufac- 


Manufac- 




Manufac- 


Manufac- 








Floor 












Manufac- 


turers of 


turers 




turers of 


turers of 






Jewel- 


tile. 












turers of 


pharma- Paint 


of soaps 


Manufac- Manufac- 


indust- 


indust- 




Clock 


lery 


linoleum 












plastics 


ceuticals and 


and 


turers of turers of 


rial 


rial Manufac- 


and 


and 


& coated 


Pen 




Year 






and 


and varnish 


cleaning 


toilet pigments 


chem- 


chem- turers of 


watch 


silver- 


fabric 


& pencil 


Type- 


and 






synthetic 


medi- manufac- 


com- 


prepar- and dry 


icals 


icals 


printing 


manufac- 


ware 


manufac- 


manufac- 


writer 


Month 




Total 


resins 


cines turers 


pounds 


ations colours (inorganic) 


(organic) 


inks 


turers 


industry 


turers 


turers 


supplies 




D 


545200 


545501 


545701 546101 


546401 


546701 547201 


547301 


547901 


548301 


618401 


618601 


618901 


619101 


619201 


1976 




167.2 


187.4 


127.0 161.9 


134 5 


133.7 164.8 


179.7 


214.2 


144.4 


143.4 


235.2 


133.6 


144.7 


155.1 


1977 




175.9 


193.3 


131.4 172.8 


141.1 


144.5 175.3 


188.7 


228 1 


1488 


157.0 


277.7 


138 9 


148.5 


153 5 


1976 J 


167.4 


186.6 


126.6 163.1 


133.3 


135.2 1662 


180.6 


214.3 


1442 


144.3 


238.2 


133.5 


1432 


155.0 




J 


1676 


188.7 


127 6 163 1 


135.3 


131.8 1662 


178.3 


2152 


144.2 


1440 


236.4 


134.9 


143 2 


1554 




A 


168.1 


189.1 


127.8 163.1 


1344 


137.7 167.1 


178.6 


216.0 


144.2 


144.3 


2322 


134 9 


1432 


155 4 




S 


167.8 


189 9 


127.0 1631 


1354 


135.3 1676 


178.8 


216.2 


144 2 


144 3 


230 7 


135.6 


1432 


155.4 




o 


1687 


189.1 


127 6 163.7 


136.1 


132.9 169 3 


1803 


216.9 


1445 


144.3 


231 9 


1357 


143 2 


155.3 




N 


169.6 


188 3 


128.0 163.7 


134 8 


140.8 1693 


180.5 


2179 


144.5 


144 3 


241.2 


136 


148.4 


155.3 




D 


170.0 


189.0 


128.2 1655 


137 9 


143 4 170.6 


180 1 


2192 


1445 


144.3 


2427 


136 2 


1484 


155.3 


1977 


J 


171.4 


188.1 


129.4 168 3 


137.9 


141.6 1729 


182.5 


2208 


145.1 


156.2 


2430 


1355 


151.2 


154.2 




F 


172.0 


188.0 


129.7 168.9 


139 .1 


142.0 173 2 


182.7 


222.1 


145.1 


157 4 


2466 


136.4 


152 6 


154.2 




M 


173.3 


190 8 


130.2 170.0 


140.7 


143.2 173 8 


183 


223.4 


145 1 


157.4 


2676 


1376 


153.1 


154.2 




A 


174.0 


190.1 


130.6 170.9 


140 2 


142 1 173.7 


186 6 


224 9 


145.1 


154.9 


281 1 


139 9 


1466 


154 2 




M 


174.2 


191.7 


130.7 171.3 


139.5 


142.0 173.7 


187.4 


223.8 


1476 


157.1 


281 8 


139 9 


146.6 


154 2 




J 


175.0 


193.3 


130.7 172 3 


1409 


144.2 173 6 


188.0 


225 1 


1479 


157.1 


2787 


140 1 


146 6 


153 




J 


176 6 


195.7 


132.0 173.5 


142.3 


145.3 176 9 


189.4 


227.8 


1486 


157.3 


281 4 


1403 


1466 


153 




A 


176.9 


193.9 


1319 1746 


141.0 


149.6 177 3 


189.8 


2286 


1486 


157.3 


2836 


139 1 


147.0 


153 




S 


177.3 


196 8 


131.8 174.6 


143.5 


146.6 176 


190 7 


228.4 


151.1 


157.3 


284 8 


139 1 


147.0 


153 




O 


178.5 


196.3 


1331 174.7 


142.8 


145.7 176.5 


194.5 


230.8 


151 1 


157 3 


2939 


139 6 


147 


153 




N 


180 8 


198.5 


133.3 176.5 


142.1 


147.0 176 7 


195.0 


241.0 


155 2 


157.3 


296.7 


139 5 


149 


153.0 




D 


180 6 


196.4 


133 8 177.9 


142.7 


1445 1796 


194.5 


240.6 


155 2 


157.3 


2939 


139 5 


149.0 


153 


1978 


J 


184.2 


202.3 


135.9 1788 


144.8 


152.1 1814 


201.4 


2424 


157.8 


173 8 


3063 


1407 


151.5 


155 2 




F 


185 


204.4 


1362 179.5 


145.7 


147.8 1829 


2027 


243 1 


158.5 


173 .1 


312.4 


1426 


151.5 


155 2 




M 


1855 


202.2 


136.8 180.3 


145.7 


1474 1837 


205.1 


2435 


158.5 


173.0 


3183 


1429 


154 


1573 




A 


187.9 


205.4 


138.3 180 4 


146.9 


151.6 184.4 


2107 


2464 


158 5 


175 4 


3170 


1429 


154 5 


173 2 




M 


188 2 


205.3 


138.4 1808 


145.9 


152.6 183 4 


209.4 


2473 


158.5 


1754 


312.5 


142.9 


154 5 


173.2 



Source: Industry Price Indexes (62-011), Statistics Canada. 



64 



July 1978 

Table 2: General wholesale price indexes! (1935-39=100) 



Section 5-Tables 2 and 3 













Princi 


pal components 












Special groupings 








Non- 


Iron 


Raw 


Fully & 


chiefly manufactured 


goods 






Vege- 












Non- 


Chem- 




Iron 






Year 






table 




Textile 




Iron 


Non- 


metallic 


ical 


farm 


& non- 


& parity 




& non- 




Non- 


and 






prod- 


Animal 


prod- 


Wood 


prod- 


ferrous 


min- 


prod- 


prod- 


ferrous 


mfg 




ferrous 




ferrous 


montf 




Total 


ucts 


products 


ucts 


products 


ucts 


metals^ 


erals 


ucts 


ucts3 


metals 4 


goods5 


TotalS 


metals^ 


Iron 


metalsS 




D 


601001 


601002 


601003 


601004 


601005 


601006 


601007 


601008 


601009 


601010 


601011 


601012 


601013 


601014 


601015 


601016 


1975 




491.6 


469.6 


537.5 


404.9 


639.3 


519.9 


417.4 


392.1 


383.9 


487.8 


555.5 


4696 


503.8 


513.5 


508.5 


620.1 


1976 




512.4 


449.9 


551.9 


442.5 


687.9 


563.4 


441.3 


432.4 


3890 


525.6 


599.0 


476.0 


531.7 


556.3 


552.3 


641.4 


1976 


J 


515.6 


465.9 


564.1 


437.4 


672.3 


564.2 


446.6 


428.0 


391.6 


521.5 


602.3 


488.3 


530.0 


555.2 


551.3 


638.7 




J 


516.9 


460.9 


552.3 


443.2 


6866 


568.2 


452.4 


434 .1 


391.8 


528.7 


608.5 


483.8 


534.5 


559.4 


555.1 


652.5 




A 


514.3 


441.8 


549.4 


445.6 


702.8 


569.2 


447.1 


434.5 


391.6 


532.5 


607.6 


472.5 


536.9 


562.3 


557.9 


656.7 




S 


512.2 


426.8 


552.3 


452.5 


702.3 


568.5 


443.8 


442.3 


391.6 


533.9 


605.2 


463.3 


539.0 


563.2 


558.9 


654.8 







510.4 


428.2 


534.7 


459.0 


696.7 


570.4 


448.2 


443.3 


395.1 


535.0 


608.8 


460.4 


537.7 


567.7 


562.6 


664.5 




N 


515.0 


438.7 


536.6 


461.4 


699.8 


575.4 


453.4 


444.0 


393.0 


538.1 


613.9 


471.3 


538.8 


572.4 


568.4 


657.3 




D 


525.2 


447.6 


542.2 


465.6 


738.9 


576.0 


461.2 


444.9 


394.0 


550.0 


619.3 


481.1 


549.0 


572.8 


568.9 


655.2 


1977 


J 


532.9 


464.9 


5425 


468.3 


745.6 


580.0 


471.0 


453.2 


397.2 


556.0 


627.9 


492.3 


554.6 


575.0 


571.9 


660.5 




F 


541.1 


481.5 


550.1 


470.4 


752.8 


584.2 


4809 


454.6 


401.0 


561 2 


636.3 


5077 


558.6 


581.9 


577.6 


675.9 




M 


555.0 


510.8 


553.7 


473.2 


774.7 


587.7 


502.3 


458.4 


405.4 


5720 


651.1 


532.3 


566.6 


585.8 


581.1 


686.2 




A 


560.4 


520.2 


559.3 


475.5 


775.0 


5905 


510.3 


467.5 


408.0 


575.8 


657.5 


536.3 


572.2 


589.1 


584.0 


697.2 




M 


561.3 


511.6 


576.9 


474.2 


772.2 


591.7 


512.4 


469.7 


408.6 


575.9 


659.7 


5365 


573.6 


5908 


585.6 


701.0 




J 


559.2 


4979 


5865 


471.7 


777.2 


590.4 


503.8 


470.7 


409.5 


575.2 


653.9 


527.2 


575.7 


5909 


586.3 


690.0 




J 


563.8 


497.1 


592.3 


473.1 


790.0 


596.0 


509.7 


474.1 


413.1 


581.4 


660.6 


531.4 


580.4 


597.9 


593.4 


693.3 




A 


564.4 


4849 


589.4 


472.9 


814.7 


601.7 


495.4 


485.8 


410.6 


5879 


654.7 


519.7 


588.0 


604.1 


599.7 


698.3 




S 


565.0 


482.6 


594.0 


468.7 


821.3 


602.7 


491.4 


4864 


411.2 


588.5 


652.7 


517.9 


590.6 


604.8 


600.8 


690.1 







567.0 


487.4 


587.9 


472.2 


821.2 


604.3 


498.8 


492.7 


412.8 


591.6 


657.6 


521.1 


591.0 


608.0 


603.7 


700.8 




N 


572.2 


497 1 


597.9 


471.6 


821.2 


612.4 


502.4 


493.6 


410 


593.8 


664.2 


530.7 


593.9 


618.7 


613.9 


721.7 




D 


571.8 


489.9 


610.1 


471.0 


821.0 


612.3 


496.5 


492.4 


412.5 


592.6 


660.7 


522.6 


598.0 


618.3 


613.5 


721.9 


1978 


J 


579.6 


490.3 


623.9 


481.6 


833.1 


617.2 


505.7 


4983 


424.5 


601.7 


668.5 


528.7 


606.8 


6206 


615.6 


727.5 




F 


587.1 


493.3 


641.8 


486.3 


847.2 


621.2 


5096 


503.4 


4248 


608.1 


672.9 


537.7 


613.5 


622.5 


617.6 


727.0 




M 


588.7 


492.5 


636.8 


489.1 


855.4 


624.1 


513.9 


505.1 


428.7 


612.4 


676.8 


538.7 


615.5 


6246 


619.8 


727.1 




A 


600.0 


500.8 


639.6 


494.0 


888.1 


638.0 


525.7 


506.8 


434.0 


627.0 


692.5 


547.8 


627.8 


637.9 


633.6 


730.4 




M 


600.6 


494.9 


673.1 


4920 


869.2 


640.8 


518.7 


506.5 


4332 


621.4 


690.3 


548.6 


628.4 


641.1 


636.7 


735.2 



'The data for the current year are sub|ect to revision 2| n cludes gold. 3Consists of general wholesale index less animal products and vegetable products component groups. 

^Consists of iron products and non-ferrous metals products component groups less gold. 5These two series comprise the general wholesale index 6Excludes gold. 
Source: Industry Price Indexes (62-011), Statistics Canada. 

Table 3: Other price indexes 















Forestry 

machinery 
and 








Year 


Thirty 
industrial 
materials 

(1935- 
39= 100) 


Thermal 

coal 

- Total 

(1971 = 100) 


Construction machinery 
and equipment (1968=100) 




equipment, 

East of the 

Rockies, 

composite 

index 

(1968= 100) 




Canadian farm products 
(1971 = 100) 




and 


Composite 
index 


Canadian 
made 


Imported 




month 


Total 


Field 


Animal 


D 


601017 


477020 


603800 


603813 


603829 


477000 


601025 


601026 


601027 


1976 


488.6 


268.3 


168.0 


162.3 


170.7 


162.8 


184.1 


213.7 


167.3 


1977 




288.0 


191.2 


172.0 


200.3 


176.7 


180.4 


200.6 


168.9 


1976 J 


496.2 


2680 


165.4 


161.6 


167.3 


161.9 


194.3 


229.1 


174.6 


J 


500.8 


268.5 


166 4 


162 3 


168 3 


162.3 


190.9 


230.0 


168.7 


A 


496.1 


268.5 


168 3 


162.6 


170.8 


162.8 


177.4 


197.6 


1659 


S 


490.5 


268.6 


167 8 


163.5 


169.9 


163.0 


176.7 


195.4 


166.2 


O 


484.9 


271.1 


169 .1 


164.7 


171.2 


163 6 


168.3 


190 6 


155.8 


N 


480.3 


271.1 


170.8 


163.8 


174.1 


164.5 


170.1 


195.8 


155.5 


D 


487.9 


271.1 


176.4 


165.4 


181.4 


167.2 


172.7 


197.5 


158.6 


1977 J 


494.5 


275.0 


178.5 


167.1 


183.8 


170.0 


171.7 


200 1 


155.6 


F 


502.0 


278.3 


181.5 


168.6 


187.5 


171.5 


175.5 


203.1 


159.9 


M 


513.4 


285.8 


185.7 


168.2 


193.8 


172.9 


178.5 


206.0 


162.9 


A 


515.0 


286.6 


186.3 


169.1 


194 3 


173.4 


181.8 


214.7 


163.2 


M 


513.5 


286.0 


188.6 


171.3 


196.6 


175.9 


187.3 


214.9 


171.7 


J 


507.8 


287.8 


190.3 


172.2 


198 6 


176.8 


189.5 


211.9 


176.9 


J 


509.6 


287.6 


191.4 


172.8 


200.0 


177.2 


186.3 


203.9 


176.3 


A 


507.8 


283.7 


194.0 


172.4 


2040 


178.2 


179.1 


192.0 


171.9 


S 


506.6 


290.7 


194.2 


174.1 


203.5 


178.3 


179.0 


189.4 


173.1 


O 


506.5 


297.4 


198.7 


174.2 


2100 


180.5 


177.2 


190.7 


169.6 


N 


513.1 


300.4 


202.8 


176.4 


216.9 


182.6 


179.2 


190.8 


172.6 


D 


518.4 


296.9 


202.9 


177.5 


2146 


183.4 


179.6 


189.9 


173.7 


1978 J 


527.7 




204.4 


179.9 


215.8 


187.1 


181.8 


191.1 


176.4 


F 


532.2 




207.5 


181.0 


2198 


188.4 


188.1 


191.8 


186.0 


M 


533.1 




209.2 


181.0 


222.1 


190.1 


190.4 


195.8 


187.3 


A 


543.7 




217.8 


184 2 


233.2 


193 2 


195.3 


199.4 


193.0 


M 














205.5 


201.3 


207.9 



Source: Industry Price Indexes (62-011), Statistics Canada. 



65 



Section 5-Table 4 

Table 4: Consumer price indexes 



July 1978 



Canada, (1971 



100) 



Year 
and 

month All items 



All items and main components 



Total 



Food 



Housing 



Total Shelter 









Health 
and 


Recre- 
ation, 




House- 




hold 




Trans- 


per- 


education 


Tobacco 


oper- 




por- 


sonal 


and 


and 


ation 


Clothing 


tation 


care 


reading 


alcohol 



Reclassified by goods and services 



Total Durable 



Semi- 
durable 



Services 



Non- 
durable 



Weights: 


100 


72 


28 


32 


19 


13 


10 


14 


4 


6 


6 


64 


10 


10 


44 


36 


D 


616101 


616466 


616102 


616222 


616223 


616233 


616289 


616380 


616402 


616428 


616455 


616479 


616480 


616485 


616489 


616496 



1976 




148.9 


142.8 


166.2 


148.0 


145.7 


151.0 


132.0 


143.3 


1443 


136.2 


134.3 1490 125.3 


129 9 


160.0 


149.6 


1977 




160.8 


154.0 


180 1 


161.9 


159.3 


165.3 


141.0 


153.3 


155.0 


142.7 


143.8 160 131.7 


138.3 


173.0 


163.2 


1976 


J 


149.3 


142.9 


167.8 


147.8 


145.3 


151.1 


1320 


142.5 


144.5 


137.6 


136.1 149.6 125.4 


130.0 


160.8 


149.8 




A 


150.0 


144.0 


166.9 


149.1 


147.0 


151.8 


132 6 


144.5 


145.9 


138 2 


136.2 149.3 125.6 


130.6 


160.3 


151.8 




S 


150.7 


145.4 


165.8 


150.8 


1480 


154 5 


133.3 


1465 


145 9 


138.7 


136.9 150 125.5 


131.2 


161 3 


1528 




O 


151.7 


146.6 


165.8 


153.2 


151.4 


155 3 


1346 


146.4 


147.1 


138.5 


137.2 150 4 125.8 


132.3 


161.5 


154.8 




N 


152.2 


147.4 


165.4 


153.9 


152.4 


155.4 


135.0 


148.1 


148.2 


138.8 


137.5 150.6 126.7 


132.9 


161.3 


155.9 




D 


152.7 


147.9 


166.0 


154.5 


153.4 


155.9 


135.4 


148.3 


148.5 


138.7 


138.1 150.9 126.8 


132.9 


161.8 


156.6 


1977 


J 


154.0 


149.0 


168.0 


155.9 


154.0 


158.4 


135.4 


150.1 


148.8 


139.5 


138.3 152 3 129.1 


132.9 


163.3 


157.8 




F 


155.4 


149.7 


17T.4 


156.9 


155.0 


158 9 


136.4 


150 4 


150.7 


139.7 


139.2 154 129.6 


133.9 


165.5 


158.8 




M 


157.0 


151.2 


172.9 


158 6 


155.6 


1625 


138 2 


152 


151.1 


140.3 


140.4 155.8 1303 


135.4 


167.7 


T59.9 




A 


157.9 


152.0 


174 7 


159.1 


156.1 


163.2 


1395 


152.7 


152.7 


140.7 


141.7 1569 1302 


136.9 


169 1 


160.7 




M 


159.2 


152.8 


177.2 


160.0 


156.8 


164 3 


140 


153.0 


154 8 


141.6 


143.0 1585 131.4 


137.8 


170.8 


161.3 




J 


160 3 


153.7 


179.1 


161.3 


158.2 


165.4 


141.0 


153.4 


155 2 


142.2 


143.5 159.6 131.7 


138.4 


172.3 


162.6 




J 


161.8 


154.3 


182.9 


162.1 


159.0 


166.1 


140.9 


153.7 


155.5 


143.3 


145.4 161.2 1319 


138.2 


174.9 


163.6 




A 


1625 


155.0 


183.9 


163.2 


160.5 


166 6 


141 8 


153 3 


156.7 


1439 


146.1 161.9 131.9 


139.0 


175.6 


164.6 




S 


163 4 


156.1 


184 3 


164.3 


161.2 


168 5 


143.3 


154.5 


157 


144.2 


146.3 1629 132.0 


140 3 


177.0 


1650 




O 


165.0 


157.3 


186.9 


166 6 


164.3 


169.5 


144.7 


153 9 


158 4 


145.6 


146.6 164.3 132.1 


141.8 


178 6 


167.2 




N 


166.1 


158.3 


188 4 


167.3 


165.1 


170.1 


144.9 


156.4 


159 7 


145.6 


146.7 1655 135.2 


142.2 


179.6 


167.9 




D 


167.2 


158.8 


191.5 


167.8 


165.6 


170.6 


145.5 


156.7 


160 


145.4 


148.6 1671 135.5 


142.4 


181.7 


168.4 


1978 


J 


167.8 


159.1 


193.0 


168 6 


166.1 


172.0 


144.1 


157.4 


160 3 


145.6 


148.5 1675 136.2 


141.1 


182.7 


169.4 




F 


168.9 


160.1 


194.3 


169.6 


167.0 


173.0 


145.3 


158.9 


161.4 


145.7 


1491 1685 137.6 


142.1 


183.6 


170.6 




M 


170.8 


161.8 


197 


171.4 


167.9 


176 .1 


147.2 


160 5 


163 3 


146 1 


150.4 171.1 1384 


144.1 


186 7 


171.4 




A 


171.2 


161.2 


2004 


171 3 


168.1 


175.4 


1432 


159.8 


163.3 


145.8 


154.0 171.4 135.8 


140 3 


188.9 


172.0 




M 


173.6 


162.2 


207 1 


172.1 


168.9 


176.3 


143.5 


160.3 


164.7 


146 3 


1570 174.7 136.8 


141.0 


193 7 


172.7 




J 


175.1 


162.8 


211.2 


172.9 


170.0 


176.6 


144.5 


160.7 


165 


146.9 


157.4 176 7 138.1 


141 9 


196.1 


173.4 


















All items 


indexes 


or regional 


cities2 










Year 
















(1971 ■ 


= 100) 












and 


St. Johns 






Saint Quebec 








Thunder 










Vancou- 


montr 




Nfld 


Halifax 




John 


City Montreal 


Ottawa 


Toronto 


Bay 


Winnipeg 


Saskatoon Regina Edmonton 


Calgary 


ver 




D 


616503 


616533 


616563 616593 


616623 


616653 


616683 


616713 


616743 


616773 616803 


616833 


616863 


616893 


1976 




154.2 


145 1 




148.0 


144.1 


145.6 


146.1 


146.0 


148.4 


149.3 


144.9 145.0 


146.7 


145.8 


151.0 


1977 




165.7 


156.4 




159.2 


156 6 


157 8 


158 


157.3 


159.9 


161.4 


157.3 159 2 


159 9 


158 


161 8 


1976 


J 


153.8 


144 9 




1478 


143.6 


1453 


1458 


145.8 


148.4 


1494 


144.7 1445 


146 2 


1455 


151.4 




J 


154.6 


145.7 




148.5 


144 2 


146 1 


146.2 


146.6 


149.0 


1496 


1450 1450 


146 9 


146 


151.7 




A 


155.8 


1470 




149.0 


145.1 


146.8 


147,0 


147 .1 


150.1 


150 6 


1462 1466 


1474 


146.7 


152.5 




S 


156.9 


146.7 




149 8 


145.9 


147.3 


1475 


1475 


150.5 


151 3 


1469 147 1 


148.7 


147.1 


154 4 




O 


157.3 


147.6 




150.1 


146.9 


148 1 


148 6 


1485 


151.4 


152 6 


1476 1491 


149 6 


1490 


155.4 




N 


157.7 


148.1 




151.0 


148.1 


149.1 


149 4 


1488 


151.3 


152 9 


148.5 150.0 


151 


149.6 


155 1 




D 


158.4 


148 3 




152.0 


1486 


1498 


150 


1493 


151 3 


153.5 


149.1 1503 


151.2 


149 9 


155.2 


1977 


J 


159.4 


1488 




152.1 


150 


151.1 


151.4 


150.7 


151.8 


154 6 


1497 151 3 


152.4 


151.5 


156.3 




F 


160.1 


150.5 




153.8 


151.7 


152 8 


153 2 


152.1 


153 9 


156 3 


150 9 152.7 


154.2 


152.6 


157 4 




M 


162.0 


152.4 




155.8 


1526 


154 2 


154 9 


153 6 


155.1 


157.6 


1532 1547 


156 3 


154 2 


158.4 




A 


162.8 


154.5 




157.1 


153.6 


154 7 


1556 


154 7 


157.4 


158 9 


154 8 156 1 


157.4 


156 


159 6 




M 


164.1 


155.6 




1580 


154.8 


155.9 


156 6 


155.9 


158.7 


159 6 


155 6 157.4 


158 4 


157.1 


1604 




J 


165.6 


156.7 




158 9 


156 5 


156 9 


157 9 


157.2 


159.6 


160.9 


156 9 158 5 


159 1 


157.9 


161 3 




J 


167.6 


157.5 




159.9 


157.8 


159.1 


159 


1583 


161.4 


161.9 


157.5 159 4 


160 2 


158.8 


162 4 




A 


167.9 


158.3 




161.1 


158 9 


1595 


159 4 


158.7 


161 9 


163.1 


159.5 1614 


161.8 


159 7 


163.1 




S 


168.3 


159.1 




162.3 


159.3 


160 3 


160 1 


159 4 


162 8 


164.3 


159 9 161.9 


162 2 


159 8 


163.9 




O 


169.3 


159.9 




162.9 


160 6 


161.8 


161.7 


161 4 


164.4 


165.2 


162.3 164 5 


164.4 


162.1 


1653 




N 


170.0 


161.0 




164.1 


161.7 


162 6 


162 8 


162.5 


1655 


167.0 


163 2 166 1 


165.9 


163 


166 1 




D 


171.3 


161.9 




164.9 


162 1 


164.2 


163 9 


163.5 


166.4 


167 5 


1637 1666 


166.9 


163.8 


167.2 


1978 


J 


171.8 


1620 




1653 


162.7 


164 2 


165 


164.5 


167.1 


168 


164 4 167 2 


167 8 


164.1 


168 




F 


172.8 


163.0 




166.4 


163.9 


1655 


1659 


164 8 


167.3 


169 8 


164 8 168 3 


168 5 


1655 


168 7 




M 


174.6 


164.6 




167.9 


165 8 


1675 


167 7 


166 4 


1690 


171 8 


166 2 170 


170 2 


167 9 


170.6 




A 


175.5 


165.4 




168 9 


165.6 


167 2 


168 


166 9 


169 5 


170 9 


1670 1710 


171 3 


168 4 


171.3 




M 


176.8 


166.1 




169.9 


167.8 


169.4 


169 9 


168 8 


171 5 


173 1 


168 4 173.1 


173.0 


170 1 


173 2 



'These rounded weights, provided as a general guide, show the relative importance ot the maior components ol the C P I . on average, during the year 1974 ^Includes shelter 

and household operation Until April 1973. the shelter element ot regional cities' housing indexes moved on the basis of changes in rents only However, from May 1973 on 

home-ownership has been included in the shelter element of regional cities' housing indexes, so that the Canada and regional cities shelter indexes now contain the same 

elements 

Source: Consumer Prices and Price Indexes (62-010), Statistics Canada. 



66 



July 1978 

Table 5: Construction price indexes 



Section 5-Table 5 























Non-residential building 


Construction Union 








Residential building construction Input ( 


1971 = 100) 








construction 




Wage 






















inputs (1971 = 100) 




(1971 = 


100) 






Canada 
















Year 




Canada 






Including 


and 










Mantimes 


Quebec 


Ontario 


Prairies 


B.C. 








On basic 


pay sup- 
plements 


month 


Total 


Materials 


Labour 


Total 


Total 


Total 


Total 


Total 


Total 


Materials 


Labour 


rates 




D 


610001 


610002 


610003 


610125 


610249 


610373 


610497 


610621 


476601 


476602 


476603 


475800 


476600 


1976 




160.5 


153.6 


172.8 


169.0 


163.0 


156.4 


167.6 


157.9 


165.7 


156.6 


175 9 


173.1 


179.1 


1977 




175.5 


165.2 


193.9 


185.4 


178.1 


169.9 


184.6 


175.0 


179.7 


165.6 


195.4 


192.3 


199 6 


1976 


J 


160.5 


153.4 


173.3 


168.1 


164.1 


157.0 


167.1 


155.4 


167.1 


156.0 


179.5 


176.6 


182.8 




J 


161.2 


154.1 


173.8 


169.1 


164 6 


157.5 


168.2 


155.8 


167.7 


156.9 


179.7 


176.7 


182.9 




A 


162 8 


155.8 


175.3 


170.4 


166.2 


158.2 


169 8 


161.2 


168.5 


158.3 


179.7 


176.7 


182.9 




S 


163.7 


156.0 


177.4 


172.9 


166.1 


159.5 


170.6 


161.6 


168 9 


159 


179 9 


176.9 


183.1 




O 


164.2 


155.7 


179.4 


173.7 


165.6 


159.7 


173.2 


162.2 


169.5 


158.8 


181.4 


178.7 


184.9 




N 


165.8 


155.9 


183.7 


176.2 


165.6 


162.1 


174.2 


164.0 


171.1 


159 2 


184 3 


181.8 


188.3 




D 


166.8 


156.9 


184.6 


177.2 


167 4 


162.6 


175.2 


165.5 


171.8 


159.1 


185.9 


183.1 


189.5 


1977 


J 


167.9 


158.5 


184.8 


178.8 


168.7 


163.3 


176.5 


167.2 


172.7 


160 4 


186 3 


183.5 


189.9 




F 


168.3 


159.0 


184.8 


179.5 


168.6 


163.6 


177.1 


167.7 


173.1 


161.2 


186 3 


183.5 


189 9 




M 


169.3 


160.7 


184 8 


180.1 


170.4 


164.2 


178.5 


168.8 


173.6 


162.1 


186.3 


183 5 


189 9 




A 


170.7 


162.1 


186.0 


181.7 


171.1 


165.4 


181.8 


169.7 


174.4 


163.0 


187.1 


184 3 


190 9 




M 


175.3 


163.4 


196 4 


185.3 


178.1 


169.7 


183.9 


174.9 


180.8 


165 4 


197.9 


194 9 


202.2 




J 


175.9 


164.1 


197.0 


185.6 


178.7 


170.4 


184.9 


174.8 


181.5 


165.8 


198.8 


195.9 


203.4 




J 


178.1 


167.2 


197.7 


187.1 


183.6 


171.6 


186 9 


177.2 


182.4 


166.7 


199.7 


196.3 


2037 




A 


179.9 


169.5 


198.5 


188.8 


185.3 


173.3 


188 9 


178.9 


183.3 


168.1 


200.1 


196.9 


204.5 




S 


180.5 


170.3 


198 7 


189.0 


185 6 


173.9 


189.3 


180.2 


183.4 


168.3 


200.2 


197.0 


204.7 




O 


180.1 


169 6 


198.8 


188 9 


183.1 


174.4 


1885 


180 6 


183 6 


168.5 


200 3 


197.1 


204.8 




N 


179.7 


168 6 


199 6 


190.0 


182.0 


174.1 


188.6 


179.9 


184.1 


168.8 


201.0 


197.6 


205.5 




D 


180.1 


169.2 


199.6 


190.0 


182.0 


174.4 


190.1 


180.2 


183.9 


168.5 


201 


197.6 


205.5 


1978 J 


182.3 


172.7 


199.6 


192 3 


184 9 


176.0 


192.3 


183 5 


185.2 


170.9 


201.0 


197.7 


2057 




F 


184.4 


175.9 


199.6 


193.5 


186.8 


177.9 


195 9 


184 8 


185.8 


172.1 


201.0 


197.7 


205.7 




M 


185.4 


177.4 


199.6 


193 8 


188.2 


178 9 


196.5 


186.0 


187.0 


174.3 


201 


197.7 


2057 




A 


186.4 


179.1 


199 6 


194.4 


189.0 


180.5 


196.6 


186.7 


188.0 


176.3 


201 


197.7 


205.7 




M 


189.3 


180.9 


204.4 


195.8 


196.8 


182.2 


198.9 


187.3 


190.8 


176.1 


207.0 


203.3 


211.6 
















New housing price 


ndexes 


















1971 = 


100 










January 1975= 100 








Year 






























and 




Ottawa 










St Catharines 










14 city 


montf 




Montreal 


-Hull 


Toronto 


Winnipeg 


Calgary 


Edmonton 


Halifax 


-Niagara 


Kitchener 


London 


Regina 


Saskatoon 


composite 




D 


603751 


603753 


6037b;' 


603754 


603755 


603756 


603757 


603758 


603759 


603760 


603761 


603762 


603765 


1975 




190.3 


178 3 


171.0 


177.5 


195.0 


205.3 


104.1 


102.7 


101.7 


103.0 


114.0 


109.5 


104.0 


1976 




2009 


192.5 


180.7 


199.8 


243.1 


2458 


110.1 


110 6 


105.0 


109 


134.2 


133.6 


113 9 


1976 


J 


201.6 


189.4 


182.2 


199.3 


239.7 


247.4 


111.0 


108.8 


105.3 


109.5 


135.7 


136.0 


114.1 




J 


203.9 


189 4 


182 2 


201.0 


2509 


2487 


1110 


110.3 


105.3 


110.2 


1357 


136.0 


115.0 




A 


204.1 


191.1 


182.2 


201.0 


2548 


2500 


111.0 


111.3 


105.3 


110.4 


1357 


137.1 


115.4 




S 


204.7 


195.8 


182 5 


202.1 


254.8 


2499 


111.0 


112 9 


105.3 


111.1 


133 6 


137.3 


115.7 




O 


204.7 


199.8 


182.5 


2053 


2539 


251.4 


1110 


116.7 


105.3 


1111 


133.1 


137.4 


116.1 




N 


206.1 


199.8 


182.5 


207.2 


2534 


2528 


1110 


115.2 


105.3 


111.1 


133.1 


137.5 


116.2 




D 


206.1 


199 8 


182.5 


2083 


253.4 


252.8 


112.8 


115.6 


105.5 


111.1 


135.1 


139.0 


116.4 


1977 


J 


209.5 


200.3 


180.7 


2086 


2578 


2536 


112.8 


117.1 


105.5 


111.1 


135.1 


139.7 


116.8 




F 


210.0 


199.1 


179.1 


209.7 


2578 


256.3 


112.8 


117.1 


105.5 


111.1 


135.1 


141.4 


116.7 




M 


211.8 


198.2 


179.1 


209.7 


2578 


259.7 


112.8 


117.9 


105.5 


111.1 


134.7 


141.4 


117.0 




A 


211.9 


198.2 


180.0 


211.1 


2627 


2600 


112.8 


117.9 


105.5 


111.4 


1338 


141.1 


117.4 




M 


211.6 


197.1 


180.2 


211.8 


2630 


261.7 


112.8 


119.0 


105.8 


114.5 


133.9 


141.1 


117.6 




J 


211.6 


197.9 


180.8 


211.8 


2630 


2654 


112.8 


119.3 


105.8 


114.5 


134.2 


142.1 


118.4 




J 


211.6 


197.9 


180.8 


211.8 


261 9 


265.4 


112.8 


120.0 


105.3 


116.8 


134 


145.6 


118.5 




A 


211.8 


197.9 


180 8 


212.2 


258.1 


2658 


112.8 


122 4 


106 2 


117.1 


134.0 


145.6 


118.5 




S 


212.0 


197.3 


180.3 


213.3 


258.1 


2659 


112.8 


122.3 


106 2 


117.1 


132.7 


145.6 


118.4 




O 


212.4 


197.6 


180.3 


2138 


258.1 


2665 


112.8 


122.3 


106.2 


117 1 


132.7 


1460 


118.5 




N 


212.4 


197.6 


180.4 


213.8 


258.1 


2665 


112 8 


122 3 


106 2 


117.1 


132.8 


146.0 


118.5 




D 


213.7 


197.6 


180.1 


2139 


261 9 


2667 






106.2 


117.1 




146.1 




1978 


J 

F 
M 
A 
M 


214.2 
2129 
210.9 
213.3 
215.0 


197.6 
194.5 
194.2 
194.2 
194.2 


180.2 
180.2 
180.2 
180.2 
180.5 


214.1 
214.1 
2199 
219.9 
2199 


2624 
2629 
2783 
2785 
2785 


267.5 
2725 
272.7 
272.7 
279.2 

















Source: Construction Price Statistics. Monthly Bulletin (62-007) Statistics Canada. 



67 



Section 6 • Manufacturing 

70 1. Total Inventories, Shipments and Orders in Manufacturing 

71 2. Manufacturing Shipments by Industry 
73 3. Manufacturing Inventories by Industry 

75 4. Estimated Value of Shipments and Unfilled Orders by Economic Use Classification 

76 5. Estimated Value of Inventories Owned and Raw Materials by Economic Use Classification 

77 6. Estimated Value of Goods in Process and Finished Products by Economic Use Classification 

78 7. Tobacco and Beverages 

78 8. Rubber 

79 9. Rubber Products 

79 10. Raw Hides, Skins and Finished Leather 

80 11. Footwear Production 

81 12. Production of Sawn Lumber 

81 13. Pulpwood, Wood Pulp and Newsprint 

82 14. Primary Iron and Steel 

83 15. New Motor Vehicles 

84 16. Refrigerators, Freezers, Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers 
84 17. Radio and Television Receiving Sets 



69 



Section 6-Table 1 

Table 1: Total inventories, shipments and orders in manufacturing based on the 1970 
standard industrial classification (million dollars) 



July 1978 





Shipmenlsl 


New orders 

received 

during month? 








Inventory at 


=nd of month 








Annual 


Unfilled 

orders at 

end of month 


Owned3 


Held but 
not owned 




All inventory 


held 




Ratio of 


average 
and month 


Total 


Raw 
materials 


Goods 
in process 


Finished 
products 


owned 
to shipments 


D 

D 


310000 
310030 


310060 
310083 


310106 
310129 


310336 
310359 


310382 
310389 


310152 
310175 


310198 
310221 


310244 
310267 


310290 
310313 


310530 
310531 


1975 
1976 


7,371.3 

8,216.4 


7,311.4 
8,135.3 


10,876.9 
10,130.2 


15,550.5 
16,395.2 


816.7 

964.1 


16,367.2 

17,359.4 


7,092.1 
7,181.9 


4,175.2 
4.613.3 


5,099.9 

5,564.1 


2.12 

2.00 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 M 


8,553.5 


8,407.3 


10,342.8 


16,195.6 


950.8 


17,146.5 


7,010.4 


4,558.4 


5,577.5 


1.89 


J 


8,883.2 


8,683.3 


10,142.9 


16,360.1 


940.1 


17,300.2 


7,177.4 


4,516.6 


5,606.1 


1.84 


J 


7,460.4 


7,396.8 


10,079.3 


16,337.4 


989.2 


17,326.6 


7,236.8 


4,529.7 


5,560.0 


2.19 


A 


8,025.6 


8,182.9 


10,236.7 


1 6,436.4 


956.5 


17,393.0 


7,243 1 


4,549.3 


5,600.5 


2.05 


S 


8,607.4 


8,292.6 


9,921.9 


16,534.4 


1,014.1 


17,548.5 


7,2434 


4,659.6 


5,645.3 


1.92 


O 


8,299.6 


8,136.7 


9,759.0 


16,599 6 


1.073.1 


17,672.7 


7,327.5 


4,738.6 


5,606.6 


2.00 


N 


8,692.9 


8,617.1 


9,683.2 


16,750.8 


1,100.5 


17,851.4 


7.340.7 


4,833.2 


5,677.5 


1.93 


D 


8,292.9 


8,133.6 


9,523.9 


16,989 9 


946.0 


17,935.9 


7,490.9 


4,722.3 


5,722.7 


2.05 


1977 J 


7,949.6 


■ 8,2307 


9,805 .1 


17,241.3 


977.7 


18,219.0 


7,426.1 


4,816.7 


5,976.3 


2.16 


F 


8,263.2 


8,649.6 


10,191.4 


17,526.9 


956.0 


18,482.8 


7,289.1 


4,944.2 


6,249.5 


• 2.12 


M 


9.626.9 


9,856.9 


10,421.5 


17,827.6 


936.6 


18,764.2 


7,491.0 


4,931.2 


6,342.0 


1.85 


A 


8,915.5 


9,118.2 


10,624.2 


17.749.7 


942.3 


18.692.0 


7,470.9 


4.846.8 


6.374.4 


1.99 


M 


9,340.4 


9,301.7 


10,585.5 


17,714.4 


941.2 


18,655.5 


7,449. 1 


4,867.1 


6.339.3 


1.89 


J 


9,863.6 


10,002.4 


10,724.5 


17,831.8 


957.1 


18,788 9 


7,558.3 


4.842.6 


6.387.9 


1.80 


J 


8,428.8 


8,326.3 


10,622.0 


17.751.4 


948.8 


18,700.1 


7,606.7 


4,812.4 


6,281.0 


2.10 


A 


8,882.3 


8,869.8 


10,609.6 


18.040.7 


950.8 


18,991.5 


7.719.6 


4.970.0 


6.301 9 


2.03 


S 


9,714.1 


9,667.6 


10,563.1 


18,126.0 


971.4 


1 9,097.4 


7.783.9 


5.090.0 


6.223.5 


1.86 


O 


9,804.2 


9,870.9 


10,629 8 


18,035.3 


1,110.7 


19,1460 


7.779 1 


5.191.8 


6,175.1 


1.83 


N 


9,828.4 


9,988.0 


10,789 4 


18.388 8 


1,140.3 


19,529.2 


7,870.5 


5,323.0 


6,335.7 


1.87 


D 


9,159.0 


9,081.4 


10,711.8 


18,472.7 


1,101.3 


19,574.0 


8.0078 


5.306.3 


6,259.9 


2.01 


1978 J 


8,9942 


9,246.5 


10,964 1 


18.703.4 


1,129.1 


19,832.5 


7.882.3 


5,462.5 


6,487.7 


2.07 


F 


9,253.4 


9,600.6 


11,311.4 


19.136.7 


1,166.3 


20,303.1 


7,935.4 


5,613 5 


6.754.2 


2.06 


M 


10,679.0 


10,948.3 


11,580.7 


19,066 9 


1,187.4 


20,254.4 


7.909.2 


5,546 1 


6,799.0 


1.78 


A 


10,423.9 


10,724.1 


11,881.0 


19,231.1 


1.173.2 


20.404.3 


7,880.2 


5,616.9 


6,907.2 


1.84 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 
M.C.D. 2 3 



1976 M 


8,294.0 


8,109.6 


10,332.0 


16,160.8 


951 2 


17.112.0 


7.1248 


4,547.0 


5.440.2 


1.95 


J 


8,277.7 


8,191.8 


10,246.1 


16,371 4 


9464 


17.317.8 


7,238.1 


4.5348 


5.544.9 


1 98 


J 


8,000.3 


7,878.5 


10,124.3 


16,520 6 


985.0 


17.505.6 


7,189.6 


4.622.3 


5.693 7 


206 


A 


8,592.7 


8.659.4 


10,191 


16.542.5 


946 .1 


17,488.6 


7,2055 


4.579.3 


5,703.8 


1.93 


S 


8,207.4 


8,016.3 


9.999.9 


16,642.8 


1.010.6 


17,653 4 


7,224.4 


4,656.3 


5.772.7 


2.03 


O 


8,088 1 


7,863.0 


9,7748 


16,785.9 


1.058.7 


17,844.6 


7,329 .1 


4,734.8 


5.780.7 


2.08 


N 


8,333.2 


8,274.6 


9,716.2 


16,902.4 


1.091.1 


17,993.5 


7.347.5 


4.802.8 


5.843.2 


203 


D 


8,591.0 


8,395.8 


9,521 


17,010.3 


966 1 


1 7,976.4 


7,341.4 


4.790.4 


5,844.6 


1.98 


1977 J 


8,681.8 


8,865.5 


9,7055 


17,137.9 


9925 


18,130 4 


7.351 4 


4.8076 


5.971.4 


1 97 


F 


8,7509 


9,142.3 


10,096 9 


17,336.3 


955.0 


18.291.3 


7,270.9 


4.910.2 


6.110.2 


1 98 


M 


9,019.3 


9,314 1 


10,391 7 


17,559 1 


9259 


18.485 


7.537.6 


4,831 7 


6.115 7 


1 94 


A 


8,857.6 


9,137.0 


10.671 1 


17,583.4 


951.7 


18,535.1 


7,600.6 


4.8094 


6.125 .1 


1.98 


M 


8,987 1 


8,930 1 


10,614.1 


17,660.7 


946.2 


1 8.606.9 


7.571.1 


4,8587 


6.177.1 


1.96 


J 


9,203.0 


9,463.3 


10,874.7 


17.849 3 


969.0 


18.818.3 


7,631.2 


4.872 1 


6.315 


1.93 


J 


9,266.0 


9,090.1 


10,698.8 


17,959.7 


948.6 


18.908 3 


7.561.0 


4.915 3 


6.432.0 


1 93 


A 


9,188.8 


9.064 2 


10,574.2 


18.173.9 


9450 


19.118.9 


7,682.6 


5.011 7 


6.424.6 


1.97 


S 


9,373.2 


9,434.9 


10,635.9 


18.255.0 


971.0 


19,226 


7,7624 


5.0909 


6,372 7 


1.94 


O 


9,555.1 


9,567.9 


10,648.7 


18,255.6 


1.095.9 


19,351.5 


7,7806 


5.193.0 


6.377.9 


1.91 


N 


9,307.8 


9,482.4 


10,823.3 


18.573.1 


1,129.8 


19,702 9 


7.878.4 


5.291 9 


6.532.6 


1 99 


D 


9,660.7 


9,513.6 


10,676.2 


18.507.8 


1.123.6 


19,631.4 


7.853.3 


5,380.7 


6.397.4 


1.91 


1978 J 


9,659.3 


9,860.2 


10,877.1 


18.560 6 


1,1325 


19,693.1 


7.801 4 


5.4238 


6.467.9 


1.92 


F 


9.806.0 


10.118.1 


11,189 2 


18.934 .1 


1.161.0 


20,095.1 


7.946.6 


5.5522 


6.596.3 


1.93 


M 


10.097.0 


10,412 3 


11,504.5 


18.719 1 


1.182.2 


19.901.3 


7.949.3 


5.420 7 


6.531 3 


1.85 


A 


10,504.2 


10,841.0 


11,841.3 


19.023.7 


1,189.0 


20.212 7 


7,9928 


5.5756 


6.644.3 


1 81 



1 Monthly shipments represent an estimated projection of the latest available Census ol Manufacturers values except lor those industries whose long-term contracts result in large 
intermittent shipments, lor these a monthly estimate of work put in place has been substituted 2Total new orders received during the period at estimated selling value, net 
of cancellations, regardless of whether the orders will be filled from stock or as a result ol activity during the same month 3Total manufacturing inventory owned by manu- 
facturers including warehouse stocks Note As of our June 1977 issue all series have been revised and ad|usted to the 1974 Census of Manufactures 
Source: Inventories, Shipments and Orders in Manufacturing Industries (31-001), Statistics Canada. 



70 



July 1978 

Table 2: Manufacturing shipmentsi by industry based on the 1970 standard industrial classification (million dollars) 



Section 6-Table 2 



Annual 
























average 


Total 


Non- 




Foods and 


Tobacco 








Knitting 






and month 


shipments 


durable 


Durable 


beverages 


products 


Rubber 


Leather 


Textile 


mills 


Clothing 


Wood 


D 


310000 


310021 


310022 


310001 


310002 


310003 


310004 


310005 


310006 


310007 


310008 


D 


310030 


310051 


310052 


310031 


310032 


310033 


310034 


310035 


310036 


310037 


310038 


1975 


7,371.3 


4,024 8 


3,346.5 


1,374.2 


69.3 


163.0 


51.6 


202.4 


52.0 


192.2 


316.4 


1976 


8,216.4 


4,454.4 


3,762.0 


1,441.1 


71.2 


191.8 


58.8 


231.0 


53.4 


214.1 


4084 


Unadjusted 


for seasonal 


variation 




















1976 M 


8,553.5 


4,588.2 


3,965.2 


1,466.6 


137.0 


195.5 


55.4 


233.4 


51.7 


184.8 


405.1 


J 


8,883.2 


4.678.5 


4,204.6 


1,530.5 


64.1 


2045 


60.5 


2438 


55.3 


207.9 


439.8 


J 


7,460.4 


4,261 3 


3,199.0 


1,441.8 


604 


172.5 


51.6 


193.4 


50.6 


2108 


397.2 


A 


8,025.6 


4,461.9 


3,563.6 


1,457 6 


61 1 


178.1 


65.5 


222.3 


54.7 


2408 


423.0 


S 


8,607.4 


4,693.9 


3,913.5 


1,508.5 


65.6 


214.3 


694 


242.3 


59.4 


246 5 


437.5 





8,299.6 


4,581.5 


3,718.0 


1,479.9 


53.5 


204 1 


64.7 


236.3 


55.4 


221 7 


426.9 


N 


8,692.9 


4,694.4 


3,998.5 


1,488.3 


61.7 


2168 


58.9 


2338 


52.8 


212.3 


439.7 


D 


8,292.9 


4,581.2 


3,711 7 


1,484.7 


96.6 


185.0 


48.9 


223.2 


46.1 


181.3 


408.7 


1977 J 


7,949.6 


4,287.0 


3,6626 


1,339.0 


55.7 


184.6 


51.8 


214.1 


52.6 


208.3 


416.0 


F 


8,263.2 


4,538.1 


3,725.1 


1.411.9 


666 


201 4 


61.1 


233.2 


56.2 


234.1 


408.6 


M 


9,626.9 


5,028.8 


4,598 1 


1,507.8 


133.4 


2320 


62.6 


262.2 


60.5 


249.5 


498.2 


A 


8,915.5 


4,737.2 


4,178.3 


1,515.5 


55.5 


217.5 


51.9 


253.7 


52.0 


201.1 


483.7 


M 


9,340.4 


4,9754 


4,365.0 


1,643.5 


60.7 


221.1 


53.9 


2528 


53.9 


189.8 


503.6 


J 


9.863.6 


5,137.5 


4,726.1 


1,666.8 


80.3 


228.1 


56.5 


265.1 


60.2 


225.3 


525.5 


J 


8,428.8 


4,685.8 


3,743.0 


1,580.4 


64.5 


183 8 


49.1 


212.4 


58.9 


2330 


500.0 


A 


8,882.3 


5.047.7 


3,834.5 


1,644.6 


67.9 


188.8 


71.8 


234.1 


649 


276.1 


547.1 


S 


9,714 1 


5,201 


4,513.1 


1,710.9 


73.5 


221.6 


69.8 


272.7 


669 


2680 


572.1 


O 


9,804.2 


5,221.4 


4,582.8 


1,683.4 


72.0 


223.1 


66.8 


2794 


685 


249 1 


539.7 


N 


9,828.4 


5,233.2 


4,595.2 


1,692.2 


68.5 


2308 


64.3 


276 1 


68.7 


235.7 


523.9 


D 


9,159.0 


5,061.4 


4,0976 


1,685.6 


94.2 


193.8 


50.3 


241.7 


52.8 


186 3 


470.8 


1978 J 


8,994.2 


4,850.4 


4,143.8 


1,527.5 


69.4 


198.7 


55.4 


241.3 


585 


219.1 


519.4 


F 


9,253.4 


5,069.1 


4,184.3 


1,617.8 


80.0 


2246 


66.2 


257.7 


64.1 


258.5 


5160 


M 


10,679.0 


5,6520 


5,027.0 


1,782.5 


84.5 


2489 


75.7 


283.2 


68.1 


290.9 


611.8 


A 


1 0,423.9 


5,569.0 


4,854.9 


1,764.7 


136.6 


235.5 


68.5 


285.2 


62.2 


2528 


626.5 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 

M.C.D. 2 2 



1976 M 


8,294.0 


4,493.1 


3,8009 


1,454.6 


75.5 


188 9 


62.1 


228.1 


56.1 


217.9 


370.4 


J 


8,277.7 


4,487.3 


3,790.4 


1,469.9 


62.4 


191.8 


64 1 


2275 


54.2 


2273 


381.8 


J 


8,000.3 


4,443.0 


3,5573 


1,427.8 


73.8 


193 4 


59.6 


2340 


534 


2185 


410.1 


A 


8,5927 


4,494.6 


4,098.1 


1,413.1 


74.7 


199 6 


57.8 


242.8 


52.3 


212.5 


431.3 


S 


8,207.4 


4,484. 1 


3,723.3 


1.411.0 


660 


200.8 


58.3 


2302 


53.7 


209.8 


431.4 


O 


8,088.1 


4,484.9 


3,603.2 


1,420.5 


71.7 


198.7 


57.5 


224.2 


52.6 


204 7 


448.5 


N 


8,333.2 


4,521.5 


3,811.7 


1,430.8 


698 


2085 


56.8 


227.9 


49.7 


204.4 


448.2 


D 


8,591 


4.695.0 


3,896.0 


1,497.1 


78.3 


203.1 


58.6 


231.4 


52.9 


2287 


4779 


1977 J 


8,681.8 


4,680.7 


4,001.1 


1,518.2 


83.5 


202.3 


58.4 


227.1 


57.5 


227.1 


472.3 


F 


8,750.9 


4,795.4 


3,955.5 


1,541.2 


75.8 


205.4 


587 


236.0 


54.5 


222.0 


438.6 


M 


9,019.3 


4,8109 


4,208.4 


1,523.9 


72.7 


2074 


56.5 


241.4 


55.7 


222.5 


451.7 


A 


8,8576 


4,790.4 


4,067.2 


1,572.2 


61.6 


206.0 


56.4 


245.4 


56.4 


215.0 


452.5 


M 


8,987. 1 


4,866.2 


4,120.9 


1,609.2 


50.5 


213.1 


59.2 


246.4 


57.6 


221.1 


4480 


J 


9,203.0 


4,918 4 


4,284.6 


1,600.1 


78.3 


211.6 


59.2 


2450 


58.4 


242.2 


4543 


J 


9,266.0 


4,989.2 


4,276.8 


1,594.6 


78.8 


2140 


58.7 


261.0 


63.3 


248.9 


528.8 


A 


9,188.8 


4,995.5 


4,193.3 


1,569.6 


834 


2064 


61.2 


251.5 


606 


237.7 


555.4 


S 


9,373.2 


4,996.5 


4,3767 


1,600.5 


73.8 


2136 


59.9 


2620 


61.7 


231.4 


567.9 


O 


9,555.1 


5,118.2 


4,4369 


1,622.2 


96.9 


211 


59.6 


263.7 


65.3 


2253 


569.4 


N 


9,307.8 


5,017 3 


4,290.5 


1,618.8 


779 


222.6 


60.7 


2674 


63.3 


2292 


530.8 


D 


9,660 7 


5,236.8 


4,423.9 


1,7205 


76.3 


2129 


61.8 


2539 


62.4 


239.6 


556.1 


1978 J 


9,659.3 


5,209.0 


4,450.3 


1,706.7 


70.3 


2198 


60.6 


257.7 


63.0 


232.5 


564.1 


F 


9,806.0 


5,332.3 


4,473.7 


1,756 7 


80.7 


231.5 


63.1 


2602 


62.2 


2462 


562.1 


M 


10,097.0 


5,502.9 


4,594.1 


1,807.2 


82.2 


2296 


69.3 


260.5 


63.1 


2606 


570.8 


A 


10,504.2 


5,7044 


4,799.8 


1,845.6 


140.3 


223.4 


773 


2762 


67.7 


273.0 


591.2 



Note: As ot our June 1977 issue all series have been revised and adjusted to the 1974 Census ot Manufactures. 



71 



Section 6-Table 2/Concluded July 1978 

Table 2: Manufacturing shipmentsi by industry based on the 1970 standard industrial classification (million dollars)/concluded 













Metal 






















Printing 




fabricating 








Non- 








Annual 


Furniture 


Paper 


publishing 




(ex machy. 




Trans- 




metallic 


Petroleum 


Chemical 




average 


and 


& allied 


& allied 


Primary 


& transp 




portation 


Electrical 


mineral 


and coal 


& chemical 


Misc. 


and month 


fixtures 


industries 


industries 


metal 


equip ) 


Machinery 


equipment 


products 


products 


products 


products 


mfgrg. 


D 


310009 


310010 


310011 


310012 


310013 


310014 


310015 


310016 


310017 


310018 


310019 


310020 


D 


310039 


310040 


310041 


310042 


310043 


310044 


310045 


310046 


310047 


310048 


310049 


310050 


1975 


113.6 


594.6 


241.4 


556.8 


518.0 


310.7 


932.8 


383.8 


214.1 


496.4 


425.5 


161.9 


1976 


122.5 


680.2 


266.2 


610.7 


5649 


324.3 


1,070.6 


417.2 


242.9 


581.6 


486.1 


178.4 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 M 


123.6 


719.1 


265.2 


684.9 


565.5 


342.5 


1,166.3 


413.5 


263.6 


561 8 


544.5 


172.7 


J 


130.8 


742.7 


278.3 


6599 


629.4 


368.4 


1,224.2 


4548 


2968 


564.8 


543.0 


182.6 


J 


103 7 


663.5 


239.3 


546.0 


524.0 


292.7 


707.9 


3687 


258.4 


5566 


4506 


169.7 


A 


114.6 


727.0 


251.2 


593.0 


557.4 


263.4 


949.0 


3879 


274.8 


557.8 


463 .1 


182.2 


S 


132.7 


711.5 


280.1 


640.7 


6146 


309 7 


1.058.7 


452.0 


267.2 


594.2 


501 2 


200.3 


O 


126.7 


701.1 


287.4 


573.6 


5833 


311.7 


1,003.5 


425.6 


266.3 


591.6 


4963 


189.0 


N 


132.8 


731.7 


3020 


628 .1 


591 9 


319.3 


1,183.9 


434.2 


268 1 


652.2 


484.1 


199.3 


D 


121.3 


6805 


271.5 


578.1 


560.3 


3386 


1,074 9 


429.2 


2002 


721.2 


4724 


169.2 


1977 J 


112.9 


672.1 


2536 


609.5 


521.4 


287.0 


1,149.2 


3863 


180 3 


657.2 


440.2 


158.0 


F 


120.8 


699.3 


263.0 


6098 


544.0 


331.3 


1.124.8 


397.5 


188 4 


6502 


481.2 


180.0 


M 


1367 


772.2 


299.7 


7629 


627.7 


4142 


1.495.3 


4400 


2232 


6760 


574.8 


197.9 


A 


125.5 


737.3 


290.1 


647.4 


5687 


364.4 


1,321.6 


4232 


243.8 


625.8 


550.8 


■ 186.0 


M 


131.0 


7509 


287.8 


689.4 


617.6 


356.0 


1,363.8 


411.8 


291.8 


673.0 


598.4 


189.5 


J 


132.6 


786.7 


300.5 


783.2 


664.4 


3886 


1.455.7 


461 8 


314.3 


682.1 


5906 


195.4 


J 


108.9 


685.0 


250.8 


6274 


586.1 


276.4 


976.8 


383.9 


2834 


674.0 


509 5 


184.3 


A 


126.4 


760.2 


2776 


660.0 


643.2 


286 1 


835.7 


4166 


319.5 


7226 


541.3 


197.7 


S 


141.9 


747.4 


297.9 


727.7 


683.6 


328.7 


1,289.5 


468.7 


3009 


681.6 


570.7 


220.0 


O 


137.0 


791.0 


308.7 


719.5 


6674 


3144 


1,426.5 


463.6 


3147 


703 1 


5565 


2197 


N 


1442 


7646 


321.5 


7387 


648.3 


316.2 


1,468.3 


4575 


298 1 


737.6 


5464 


226.7 


D 


129 3 


7340 


2935 


7003 


598.9 


3393 


1.208.5 


436.5 


214.0 


8196 


5184 


191.3 


1978 J 


124.7 


7202 


2835 


7655 


5796 


3023 


1.231 5 


4283 


192 4 


761.5 


531.1 


184.2 


F 


135.1 


7206 


289.8 


741.7 


5938 


337.8 


1,228.9 


426.0 


2049 


7222 


567.2 


2004 


M 


151.4 


8572 


337 1 


8673 


6856 


4097 


1,582.9 


479.1 


2392 


745.1 


652.3 


2265 


A 


146.1 


8250 


339.5 


820.1 


6730 


4138 


1.471.9 


4407 


2629 


7300 


6560 


2127 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 
M.C.D. 3 3 



1976 M 


121.6 


691 3 


259.8 


645.9 


563 1 


3230 


1.100.1 


4274 


2494 


574.3 


504 7 


179.8 


J 


123.8 


6867 


2670 


6206 


5744 


331.7 


1,088.7 


419.9 


249.5 


5649 


494 7 


176.8 


J 


122.0 


6898 


266.7 


589.0 


5370 


3187 


935.1 


407.5 


2379 


561.5 


4803 


1842 


A 


121.2 


731.6 


2668 


670.8 


574 6 


325 9 


1.303.5 


425.6 


2452 


573.0 


4882 


182 2 


S 


1220 


7152 


266.9 


6178 


571.3 


3268 


1.011.3 


4104 


2323 


6087 


4828 


180 7 


O 


1225 


7176 


269.5 


576.4 


5789 


3309 


9156 


391.3 


239 1 


608.4 


4890 


170.5 


N 


121.9 


7096 


277.5 


6066 


577 6 


318 1 


1.068.5 


413.8 


257 


6205 


484 8 


181.2 


D 


124.4 


7239 


281.0 


6066 


580.2 


330.5 


1.1157 


424.8 


2359 


6538 


5040 


182.2 


1977 J 


126 3 


716.7 


2775 


625.0 


591 8 


3156 


1,200.2 


431.0 


2389 


650.9 


481 6 


179 9 


F 


124 


7346 


2890 


639 7 


5847 


332.5 


1,173.0 


421.4 


241 6 


680.7 


5086 


188 9 


M 


124 8 


735.5 


282.0 


694 5 


5824 


3592 


1.333.3 


4123 


2502 


671.4 


5505 


191 4 


A 


1286 


7195 


281 7 


6423 


580.7 


3277 


1.240.1 


4366 


2587 


6443 


5389 


193.0 


M 


128 3 


711.6 


2786 


646.2 


6058 


327.6 


1.268.5 


426.4 


270 .1 


6792 


546.2 


193 5 


J 


123.7 


7238 


289.6 


7260 


604.7 


3537 


1.332.7 


4254 


264.1 


682 8 


5387 


188 7 


J 


132.9 


730.9 


283.2 


703 4 


6186 


3049 


1.294.6 


4272 


2664 


6984 


5536 


2038 


A 


129 


754.1 


2889 


7280 


640.3 


351.2 


1.067.2 


444 1 


278 1 


7290 


5567 


196 4 


S 


134.2 


755 


2879 


7138 


6479 


3460 


1.267.9 


4350 


2640 


6980 


5524 


200 3 


O 


1302 


8105 


290.0 


712.7 


6579 


337 .1 


1.325.0 


4222 


282.4 


725.8 


5488 


199 1 


N 


131.1 


7396 


291 2 


7109 


626 1 


3128 


1,262 5 


4327 


2836 


699 1 


5436 


203 9 


D 


1353 


7857 


3079 


741.4 


6343 


334.3 


1.323 5 


4400 


2590 


7432 


5647 


207.9 


1978 J 


1376 


7638 


3064 


780.8 


6469 


3288 


1.263.9 


476.8 


251.4 


7477 


5720 


208 5 


F 


139.5 


7544 


315.7 


7720 


6406 


3384 


1.306.9 


4486 


265.6 


744.4 


607.3 


2099 


M 


1403 


821 6 


320.0 


799 1 


646.9 


361 2 


1.355.7 


449 


271 1 


7469 


621 8 


220 1 


A 


150 7 


8099 


3334 


821 4 


701.5 


3792 


1.415.5 


4564 


2839 


785.8 


650.1 


221.7 



1 Monthly shipments represent an estimated proiection of the latest available Census of Manufacturers values except for those industries whose long term contracts result in large 
intermittent shipments, for these a monthly estimate of work put in place has been estimated Note As ol our June 1977 issue all series have been revised and adjusted to 
the 1974 Census of Manufactures 
Source: Inventories, Shipments and Orders in Manufacturing Industries (31-001), Statistics Canada. 



72 



July 1978 



Section 6-Table 3 



Table 3: 


Manufacturing 


inventories' 


by industry based 


on 


the 1970 


standard 


industrial classification 


(m 


llion dollars 






Annual 
average 
and month 


Total 

inventories 

owned 


Non- 
durables 


Foods and 
Durables beverages 




Tobacco 
products 


Rubber 


Leather Textile 




Knitting 
mills 


Clothing 


Wood 


D 

D 


310336 
310359 


310357 
310380 


310358 310337 
310381 310360 




310338 
310361 


310339 

310362 


310340 310341 
310363 310364 




310342 
310365 


310343 
310366 


310344 
310367 



1975 


15,550.5 


7.668.9 


7,881 5 


2.095.0 


236.4 


413.4 


124.5 


5209 


126.5 


4146 


655.9 


1976 


16,395.2 


8,120.3 


8,2749 


2,111.8 


268.4 


424.5 


145.4 


570.6 


126.2 


458.1 


747.8 


Unadjusted 


for seasonal 


variation 




















1976 M 


16,1956 


7.9323 


8,263.3 


2,0508 


283.8 


4245 


151.5 


570.1 


130 


497.1 


7327 


J 


16,360.1 


8,118.5 


8,241.5 


2,053.8 


2826 


436.2 


156.9 


574.3 


130 4 


515.4 


724.0 


J 


16,337 4 


8,237.2 


8,100.1 


2,0758 


263.8 


430.8 


154.4 


5800 


126.6 


481 9 


742.2 


A 


1 6,436.4 


8,3009 


8,135.5 


2,1337 


2480 


429.7 


150.1 


5803 


127.5 


463.8 


721.8 


S 


16,534 4 


8,2663 


8,268.1 


2.180.4 


234.6 


4183 


146.0 


583.1 


126.6 


451.9 


750.7 


O 


16,599.6 


8,264 1 


8,3354 


2,183.9 


234.2 


4099 


143.5 


5790 


121.8 


438.1 


762.2 


N 


16,750.8 


8,371.1 


8,379.7 


2,220.0 


2557 


419.6 


143.9 


5792 


1223 


427.7 


768.1 


D 


16,989.9 


8,485.2 


8,504.7 


2.175.3 


2625 


422.5 


152.3 


574.9 


121.1 


448.9 


775.9 


1977 J 


17,241.3 


8,559 1 


8.6822 


2,175.5 


290 1 


4334 


156.5 


566.5 


130.1 


441.7 


840.4 


F 


17,526.9 


8,701.9 


8.8249 


2,178.2 


320.9 


452.2 


157.0 


601 5 


129.3 


447 1 


903.1 


M 


17,827 6 


8,917.6 


8,910.0 


2,222.8 


305.3 


4638 


152.8 


6083 


133.2 


458.6 


8782 


A 


1 7,749.7 


8.8923 


8,857.4 


2,257.1 


3053 


4705 


154.5 


6069 


132 


483.7 


863 1 


M 


17,714.4 


8,883.2 


8,831.2 


2,289.3 


297.0 


4769 


157.5 


6103 


138.1 


525.9 


825 7 


J 


17,831.8 


9,110.3 


8,721.5 


2,335.1 


2890 


467.0 


156.1 


616.5 


138.7 


540.1 


819.9 


J 


17,751.4 


9,114.8 


8,636.6 


2,358.1 


2733 


4665 


151.7 


601 9 


140.2 


4994 


814.0 


A 


18,040 7 


9,250.5 


8,7902 


2,425.7 


2495 


4770 


146.1 


616.1 


140.1 


493.9 


809.9 


S 


18,126.0 


9,208.2 


8,917.8 


2,406.5 


2356 


4662 


136.6 


6026 


136 4 


4976 


8387 


O 


18,035.3 


9,131.1 


8,9042 


2,384.5 


231.5 


4509 


133 5 


586.3 


134.5 


4643 


854.3 


N 


18,388.8 


9,241 3 


9,147.5 


2,390 1 


2733 


457.3 


1363 


586.0 


132.2 


484.5 


884.2 


D 


18,472.7 


9,223 1 


9,249.6 


2,344.4 


2798 


467.9 


1442 


5785 


139 3 


4893 


914.6 


1978 J 


18,703 4 


9,334.2 


9.369.2 


2,3558 


2949 


4796 


147.8 


6058 


1387 


492.6 


955.3 


F 


19,1367 


9,538.0 


9,5988 


2,343.1 


361.1 


4998 


153.0 


6163 


140.5 


511.5 


1,019.9 


M 


1 9,066.9 


9,5040 


9,5629 


2,265.2 


3845 


4998 


1498 


6273 


142.7 


549.5 


1,038.0 


A 


19,231 1 


9,500.8 


9,730.3 


2,289.2 


3396 


505.0 


157.5 


6284 


1487 


571.8 


1,033.3 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 
M.CD. 1 1 



1976 M 


16,160.8 


7,961 5 


8,199.3 


2,114.3 


264.1 


4097 


145.7 


563.2 


125.1 


467.1 


735.1 


J 


16,371.4 


8,148.0 


8,2234 


2,130.8 


2705 


424 1 


146.5 


570.1 


125 2 


4729 


742.7 


J 


16,520 6 


8,2730 


8,2476 


2,154.1 


2749 


4254 


147.5 


5854 


1237 


4595 


7654 


A 


16.542.5 


8,309.8 


8,232.7 


2,156.0 


279.7 


4297 


148.4 


5743 


124.4 


457.5 


733.8 


S 


1 6,642.8 


8,312.4 


8,330.4 


2,151.6 


2859 


4383 


151.9 


5886 


126 5 


4636 


761.5 


O 


16,785.9 


8,355.8 


8,430 1 


2,112.7 


2846 


438.2 


1520 


5896 


125.5 


4629 


7905 


N 


16,902.4 


8,446.4 


8,456.0 


2,119.2 


289.8 


4449 


150.7 


592.5 


126.6 


460.5 


8079 


D 


17,010 3 


8,4847 


8,5256 


2,110 9 


282.2 


4338 


151.7 


5793 


124.3 


465.9 


7943 


1977 J 


17,137.9 


8,503.5 


8,6344 


2,134 4 


281.9 


432.4 


155.8 


5606 


133.3 


448.2 


815.4 


F 


1 7,336.3 


8,624.2 


8,712.1 


2,175.2 


280.7 


437.4 


158.9 


594.8 


132.1 


451.1 


849 8 


M 


17,559.1 


8,811 1 


8.748.0 


2,256.9 


2520 


444.6 


157 5 


603 1 


135.3 


4672 


816.4 


A 


17,583.4 


8,853.4 


8,730.0 


2,306.4 


251 8 


453.6 


154.8 


602.1 


128 8 


481 6 


840.8 


M 


1 7,660.7 


8,911.8 


8,748.9 


2,360 .1 


278.1 


460.4 


150.7 


603 4 


1328 


493.2 


8280 


J 


17,849.3 


9,144.1 


8,705.2 


2,421.8 


277.7 


453.8 


145.2 


6122 


133.2 


4946 


842.2 


J 


17,959.7 


9,159.3 


8,8004 


2,444.2 


2875 


461 5 


144.8 


609.1 


137.1 


476.2 


839.5 


A 


18,173.9 


9,2647 


8,909.2 


2,451.8 


285.1 


4779 


144.8 


6105 


136.5 


4872 


823.8 


S 


18.255 


9,268.5 


8,986.5 


2,377.6 


290 1 


4900 


1424 


608.9 


136.5 


511.5 


8506 


O 


18,255.6 


9,241 5 


9,014.1 


2,309.8 


281 4 


4827 


142.1 


597.1 


138.7 


491.9 


886.8 


N 


18,573.1 


9,3370 


9,236 1 


2,282.5 


3104 


485.0 


143.1 


599.4 


136 9 


522.5 


930.1 


D 


18,507.8 


9,230.3 


9,277.5 


2,274.0 


3003 


4806 


143.6 


5824 


143.3 


507.6 


9350 


1978 J 


18,560.6 


9,277 1 


9.2835 


2,3232 


2863 


480 1 


147.3 


603 5 


137.8 


500.7 


923.5 


F 


18,934 1 


9,4793 


9,454.8 


2,357.0 


323.4 


484.4 


153.5 


612.9 


1430 


5226 


957.2 


M 


18,719.1 


9,375.4 


9,3437 


2,292.1 


315.7 


479.4 


154.3 


6168 


144.9 


562.1 


963.3 


A 


19,023.7 


9,455.3 


9,5684 


2,3270 


2805 


486.5 


156.7 


623 1 


145.5 


5626 


997.2 



Note As ot our June 1977 issue all series have been revised and ad|usted to the 1974 Census ot Manufactures 



73 



Section 6-Table 3/Concluded July 1978 

Table 3: Manufacturing inventoriesi by industry based on the 1970 standard industrial classification (million dollars)/concluded 













Metal 


























fabricating 






















Printing, 




(ex. 








Non- 








Annual 


Furniture 


Paper 


publishing 




machy 




Trans- 




metallic 


Petroleum 


Chemical 




average 


and 


& allied 


& allied 


Primary 


& transp. 




portation 


Electrical 


mineral 


and coal 


& chemical 


Misc. 


and month 


fixtures 


industries 


industries 


metal 


equip.) 


Machinery 


equipment 


products 


products 


products 


products 


mfgrg 


D 


310345 


310346 


310347 


310164 


310349 


310350 


310351 


310352 


310353 


310354 


310355 


310356 


D 


310368 


310369 


310370 


310187 


310372 


310373 


310374 


310375 


310376 


310377 


310378 


310379 



1975 


256.4 


1.107.8 


258.9 


1,558.0 


1,320.1 


1,090.6 


1,468.7 


1,147.6 


383.7 


854.2 


1,029.8 


486.4 


1976 


266.3 


1,181.5 


245.0 


1,739.6 


1,363.2 


1,062.9 


1,555.9 


1,116.2 


422.8 


1,030.9 


1,081.5 


475.9 


Unadjuste 


d for seasonal variation 






















1976 M 


265.2 


1,094.5 


242.3 


1,689.2 


1.361.7 


1,039.0 


1,567.3 


1,160.6 


447.2 


946.2 


1.057.6 


483.4 


J 


270.8 


1,146.4 


244.7 


1,793.8 


1,356.6 


1,007.1 


1,491.2 


1,163.4 


434.2 


1,023.3 


1,069.3 


484.7 


J 


264.0 


1,175.8 


255.2 


1,742.9 


1,359.4 


1,002.5 


1,448.3 


1,115.1 


425.3 


1,123.4 


1,086.6 


482.3 


A 


2692 


1,210.2 


252.7 


1,724.6 


1,360.6 


1,003.4 


1,517.5 


1,117.0 


420.9 


1.135.7 


1,096.0 


472.6 


s 


2672 


1,237.7 


2559 


1,755.0 


1,374.2 


1,033.4 


1.559.0 


1,113.5 


414.7 


1,092.5 


1,078.7 


460.2 


O 


265 1 


1,243.8 


2436 


1,813.1 


1,377.1 


1.084.3 


1,571.3 


1,056.6 


405.5 


1,110.8 


1,082.6 


472.4 


N 


2744 


1,241.8 


236.0 


1,818.8 


1,383.7 


1,116.6 


1,554.4 


1,068.2 


395.1 


1,143.3 


1,110.5 


470.4 


D 


281 6 


1,300.1 


237.0 


1,872.1 


1,399.1 


1,137.8 


1,566.8 


1,070.5 


4006 


1,170.4 


1.129.6 


490.0 


1977 J 


288.7 


1,264.5 


228.1 


1,902.1 


1,385.5 


1,126.3 


1,631.5 


1,091.1 


416.7 


1,218.1 


1.157.0 


497.6 


F 


288.3 


1,289.6 


232.7 


1,815.6 


1,378.1 


1,113 .1 


1.759.3 


1,116.0 


451.4 


1,204.1 


1,160.8 


5287 


M 


291.3 


1,295 4 


244.0 


1,861.6 


1,413.8 


1,118.2 


1,731.6 


1,149.8 


4655 


1,322.4 


1,179.9 


• 531.0 


A 


299.2 


1,241.1 


239.1 


1,819.7 


1.374.7 


1,120.2 


1,735.8 


1,162.4 


4822 


1.302.4 


1,183.0 


516.8 


M 


297.8 


1,220.3 


238.0 


1,845.6 


1,432.2 


1,112.8 


1.683.4 


1,162.5 


471.1 


1,263.0 


1,144.4 


522.5 


J 


290.2 


1,274.1 


241 


1,834.8 


1.423.3 


1,090.0 


1,644.5 


1,160.8 


4579 


1,367.7 


1,156.3 


528.6 


J 


283.8 


1,301.2 


249.2 


1,908.5 


1,414.7 


1,086.1 


1,574.2 


1,101.5 


4538 


1,377.9 


1.156.0 


539.4 


A 


2785 


1,315.0 


253.7 


1.916.4 


1,410.4 


1.100.5 


1.742.5 


1,093.3 


438.9 


1,406.0 


1.172.2 


555.2 


S 


273.8 


1,343.1 


250 1 


1,951.2 


1.417.4 


1.114.8 


1.791.6 


1.091.0 


439.3 


1,407.4 


1.165.8 


560.6 


O 


267.7 


1,352.7 


240.4 


1,991.2 


1,338.8 


1,111.7 


1,832.6 


1,077.3 


4306 


1.408.2 


1.189.7 


5546 


N 


276.2 


1,354.2 


236.5 


2,053.8 


1,351.4 


1,151.3 


1.912.8 


1.091.7 


426.1 


1.411.5 


1,191.4 


588.0 


D 


2872 


1,320.8 


240.3 


2,042.1 


1,423.8 


1,168.2 


1,893.9 


1,085.6 


4344 


1.447.1 


1,196.8 


574.6 


1978 J 


2853 


1,313.4 


255.1 


1,994.3 


1,426.1 


1,204.1 


1.947.5 


1,101.2 


4554 


1.440.8 


1.233.4 


576.3 


F 


2886 


1,342.1 


262.6 


1,949.2 


1.472.4 


1,225.6 


2.035.0 


1,136.3 


471 8 


1.439.6 


1.260.1 


6084 


M 


292.3 


1,302.1 


265.8 


1,879.7 


1,504.3 


1,242.9 


1,948.1 


1.163.4 


494 .1 


1.393.2 


1,296.9 


627.4 


A 


291.3 


1,304.1 


264.6 


1.879.9 


1.540.3 


1.246.8 


2.045.7 


1.200.3 


4927 


1.350.8 


1,317.8 


6232 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 
M.C.D. 2 1 



1976 M 


2608 


1.141.5 


241.5 


1,698.0 


1,349.4 


1.033.2 


1.575.1 


1.124 .1 


4236 


960.0 


1,056.5 


472.8 


J 


266.7 


1,175.9 


239.8 


1,774.9 


1.345.6 


1.024.4 


1.523.1 


1.124.6 


421.4 


1.042.5 


1,074.2 


475.5 


J 


266.2 


1,168.5 


242.1 


1,730.6 


1,367.7 


1.038.3 


1.539.1 


1.116.5 


423.8 


1.125.2 


1.091.7 


4750 


A 


271.4 


1.210.6 


2428 


1,716.6 


1,379.7 


1,032.9 


1,541.8 


1.127.3 


429.2 


1.110.0 


1,106.5 


4699 


S 


270.9 


1,225.8 


2467 


1,754.2 


1,390.2 


1,055.8 


1.539.2 


1.130.5 


428.1 


1.065.8 


1,104.4 


4633 


O 


271 


1,238.1 


2438 


1,801.9 


1.405.2 


1,093.3 


1.552.4 


1.086.6 


4292 


1.107.7 


1,117.1 


4836 


N 


2798 


1,247.9 


241.3 


1.824.5 


1,409.0 


1.1178 


1.495.5 


1.099.1 


4224 


1.154.5 


1.135.6 


482.9 


D 


279.0 


1,281.6 


2427 


1.831.9 


1.403.9 


1,128.2 


1.572.7 


1.093.0 


4226 


1.182.4 


1.134.0 


4959 


1977 J 


2903 


1,243.4 


2380 


1.893.5 


1.376.6 


1.101.1 


1,628.3 


1.109.5 


4197 


1.231.1 


1.138.6 


505.8 


F 


286.9 


1,272.5 


238.8 


1 .844.5 


1,354.7 


1.080.2 


1.743.2 


1,111.9 


4409 


1.215.2 


1.138.9 


5286 


M 


285.7 


1.264.0 


250.5 


1,902.2 


1,386.3 


1.082.5 


1.698.8 


1,134.8 


441.3 


1.313.5 


1.140.5 


526.0 


A 


294.9 


1.284.9 


2430 


1,822.0 


1,357.1 


1.106.8 


1.726.1 


1.128.5 


4538 


1.281.8 


1.155.2 


5094 


M 


292 1 


1,260.4 


237.5 


1,847.4 


1,419.8 


1,1055 


1.688.3 


1.122.5 


4453 


1.281.1 


1 142.7 


511.4 


J 


2857 


1,297.4 


2364 


1,818.3 


1,4127 


1.107.6 


1.677.8 


1.117.5 


443 4 


1.391.8 


1.160.9 


5191 


J 


2869 


1.290.2 


236.3 


1,899.8 


1,421 7 


1,127.1 


1.669.3 


1,103.8 


4523 


1.379.5 


1.161 4 


531.5 


A 


281 3 


1,316.3 


2440 


1,913.3 


1,428 5 


1.136.1 


1,771 .1 


1.106.8 


448.3 


1.374.6 


1.183.5 


5525 


S 


2780 


1,334.8 


241 


1,955.8 


1.431.8 


1.139.3 


1.767.0 


1.109.5 


4545 


1.376.8 


1.194.1 


5648 


O 


2739 


1.353.4 


2408 


1.986.1 


1.368.4 


1.121.2 


1.810.7 


1.109.9 


457.1 


1.407.9 


1.227,5 


5682 


N 


282.4 


1.367.9 


241 9 


2.066.6 


1.377.7 


1.153.3 


1.845.6 


1,123 1 


4573 


1.425.6 


1.218.8 


6030 


D 


2847 


1.307 7 


246.5 


2,0034 


1.425.2 


1.158.3 


1.902.5 


1.108.9 


459 5 


1,460 5 


1.202.2 


581.6 


1978 J 


2857 


1,290.0 


2639 


1.965.9 


1.422.0 


1.170 1 


1,946.6 


1.110.7 


4590 


1,450.4 


1.213.4 


580.5 


F 


2857 


1,321.7 


2724 


1,968.8 


1.452.8 


1.189.2 


2.012.6 


1.130.0 


4585 


1.444.8 


1.239.2 


6044 


M 


286 1 


1.278.3 


2729 


1.909.3 


1,476 6 


1.203.5 


1.904.3 


1,133 7 


4669 


1.377.5 


1.260.7 


620 7 


A 


2853 


1,345.6 


2679 


1.899.8 


1.522.6 


1.228.1 


2.022.9 


1.151.6 


4609 


1.352 7 


1.288.4 


618 8 



lTotal inventories owned by manufacturers including warehouse stocks Note As of our June 1977 issue all series have been revised and ad|usted to the 1974 Census of 

Manufactures 

Source: Inventories, Shipments and Orders in Manufacturing Industries (31-001), Statistics Canada. 



74 



July 1978 

Table 4: Estimated value of shipments and unfilled orders in manufacturing industries, by economic use classification 

based on the 1970 standard industrial classification (million dollars) 



Section 6-Table 4 











Shipments' 












Unfilled orders at end 


of month 








Consumer 


goods 


Machinery 
& equip- 
ment 


Con- 
struction 
materials 
and 
compo- 
nents 


Other 
inter- 
mediate 
goods & 
supplies 


Export- 
based 
industries 


Supplemen- 
tary clas- 
sification: 
auto- 
motive 
products 


Consumer 


goods 


Machi- 
nery and 
equip- 
ment 


Con- 
struction 
materials 
and com- 
ponents 


Other 
inter- 
mediate 
goods 
and 
supplies 


Export- 
based 
indus- 
tries 


Supplemen- 
tary clas- 
sification: 
auto- 


average 
and month 


Non- 
durable 


Durable 


Non- 
durable 


Durable 


motive 
products 


D 
D 


310397 
310462 


310398 
310463 


310399 
310464 


310400 
310465 


310401 
310466 


310402 

310467 


310403 
310468 


310413 
310478 


310414 
310479 


310415 
310480 


310416 
310481 


310417 
310482 


310418 
310483 


310419 
310484 



1975 




2,127.5 


334.9 


696.7 


750.5 


2,069.9 


1,391.5 


1,286.8 


360.2 


291.7 


5,954.3 


2,154.9 


1,725.7 


389.8 


2309 


1976 




2,337.9 


3700 


717.0 


828.6 


2,315.0 


1.647 6 


1,538.6 


393.0 


280.0 


5,172.7 


2,058.7 


1.829.3 


396.3 


242.6 


Una< 


jjust 


ed for seasonal variation 
























1976 


M 


2,3028 


367.1 


739.1 


8687 


2,489.7 


1,785.8 


1,597.3 


440.8 


256.5 


5,166.1 


2,123.5 


1,917.1 


438.6 


242.5 




J 


2,397.2 


385 1 


787.3 


954.5 


2,531.2 


1,827.6 


1,671.8 


435.8 


281.1 


5,051.7 


2.0968 


1,895 5 


381.8 


230.3 




J 


2,288.7 


342.3 


6274 


822.4 


2,038.4 


1,341.0 


1,158.3 


4152 


286.3 


5,038 2 


2,0504 


1,8972 


391.8 


240.1 




A 


2,346.8 


367 1 


6378 


853.0 


2,237.8 


1,582.8 


1,398.2 


390.3 


294.2 


5,195.3 


2,065.2 


1,895.3 


396.1 


260.6 




S 


2,475.8 


413.7 


714.4 


888.0 


2.426.8 


1,688 4 


1.562.4 


380.1 


2920 


5,097.4 


2,011.6 


1,790.1 


350.5 


2348 




O 


2,419.6 


392.2 


6834 


861 4 


2,316.3 


1.626.5 


1,501.0 


393.0 


2827 


4.9659 


2,0129 


1,7286 


375.7 


2337 




N 


2,447.4 


4036 


727.5 


870.2 


2,449.2 


1,794.7 


1,733.4 


3978 


281.6 


4,962.3 


1.977 8 


1,714.9 


348.6 


242.2 




D 


2,481.4 


349.3 


761.6 


771.5 


2,245.3 


1,683.5 


1,688.9 


392.3 


2632 


4,815.8 


1,958 


1.727.4 


366.9 


2642 


1977 


J 


2,2899 


322.7 


661.2 


695.2 


2,2907 


1,689 9 


1,708.6 


4272 


279.0 


5,020.0 


1,841.2 


1,821.4 


416.3 


278.3 




F 


2,414.0 


353.8 


7036 


735.0 


2,352.9 


1,703.9 


1,690 2 


4094 


282.2 


5,406.2 


1.831.7 


1,811.6 


450.3 


2867 




M 


2,575.2 


390.2 


809.7 


845.4 


2,804.4 


2.201.9 


2,083.4 


4073 


282.6 


5.5856 


1,861.6 


1,794 6 


4899 


301.6 




A 


2,419.3 


376.1 


7633 


832.4 


2,569.6 


1,954 9 


1,841.2 


416.4 


2779 


5.800.3 


1,814.1 


1,851.5 


464.0 


297.0 




M 


2,571.7 


3839 


753.4 


9167 


2,6858 


2,0289 


1.928.6 


444.5 


274.5 


5,777.1 


1,788.3 


1,836.1 


464.9 


297.7 




J 


2,677.6 


4049 


803.3 


9966 


2,804.2 


2,177.0 


2,027.3 


452.3 


2897 


5.9340 


1,728 4 


1.851.1 


469.0 


2829 




J 


2,587.3 


369.9 


639.8 


887.0 


2,269.9 


1,675.0 


1,542.6 


4309 


284.6 


5.9238 


1.705 8 


1.836 8 


440.2 


279.1 




A 


2,741.5 


3994 


701.7 


984 1 


2,450.7 


1,604.9 


1,426.1 


419.7 


2894 


5,8883 


1,740.2 


1,876.7 


395.3 


246.5 




S 


2.762.0 


442.6 


779.6 


997.9 


2,713.8 


2,018.2 


1,858 9 


4092 


286.5 


5,914.9 


1,692 7 


1,841.8 


417.9 


265.7 




O 


2,745.4 


434.5 


792.0 


991 2 


2,675.9 


2,165.2 


1,991.1 


411.9 


299.5 


5,9283 


1,651.4 


1.901.8 


4368 


291.2 




N 


2,754.3 


435.7 


796.6 


955.3 


2,743.3 


2,143.1 


2,089.8 


415.8 


2725 


6,017.0 


1,777.1 


1.895.9 


411.1 


288.7 




D 


2.763.6 


368 1 


813.7 


800 1 


2,451 


1,962 6 


1.901.2 


418.2 


255.3 


5,998 2 


1,664 4 


1.926.9 


448.7 


303.4 


1978 


J 


2,597.0 


354.9 


755.6 


772.5 


2,562.5 


1,951.8 


1,871.1 


411.6 


271.2 


6,0446 


1,683 5 


2.027.6 


525.5 


328.4 




F 


2.720.7 


379.9 


7920 


7982 


2,669 5 


1,893.1 


1,837.4 


410.1 


271.5 


6,274.3 


1,706 


2,119 3 


5302 


364.7 




M 


2,945.4 


415.8 


898.9 


924.1 


3.083.6 


2,411.3 


2.202.7 


4637 


2635 


6,2738 


1,788.9 


2,174.9 


615.9 


401.3 




A 


2,869.9 


414.2 


841 6 


9389 


3,0565 


2,302.8 


2,0833 


485.0 


2549 


6,4909 


1,790 3 


2.229 9 


629.9 


413.0 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 

M.C.D. 2 3 3 



1976 M 


2,342.4 


371.2 


7263 


8329 


2,366.5 


1,659.7 


1,536.5 


4005 


2625 


5,2362 


2,0977 


1,889.4 


4386 


250.7 


J 


2,320.9 


3709 


729.4 


845.7 


2,357.2 


1,615.8 


1,531.5 


393.3 


292.0 


5.166.3 


2,052.7 


1,914.1 


422.5 


257.7 


J 


2,310.9 


372.5 


696.9 


822.8 


2,236.4 


1,589.3 


1.415.3 


392.9 


2967 


5,103 4 


2,012.9 


1.908.9 


417.8 


259.6 


A 


2,298.4 


3800 


720.9 


8389 


2.433.4 


1.855.0 


1,795.2 


3928 


3004 


5,1328 


2,019 8 


1,863.2 


4136 


261.3 


S 


2,319.5 


3724 


6963 


8230 


2.302.4 


1.691.1 


1,513.6 


401 6 


296 1 


5,0584 


2,011 9 


1,816.1 


377.8 


240.6 





2,342.9 


3406 


6989 


836.9 


2,2829 


1,587.0 


1,418.7 


4030 


281.7 


4,919.2 


2,031.8 


1,774.1 


372.4 


231.6 


N 


2,364.6 


3668 


708.1 


8393 


2,3666 


1,687.5 


1,608.0 


413.8 


279.2 


4,991 2 


2.028.9 


1,737.6 


339.0 


231.0 


D 


2.513.1 


376.8 


707.1 


846 1 


2,381.4 


1.769.8 


1.705.1 


4106 


272.3 


4,781 7 


2,010.3 


1.722.7 


3497 


2420 


1977 J 


2,533.9 


376.4 


7348 


819.1 


2,450.6 


1,824.9 


1,721.6 


443.7 


270.3 


4,9605 


1,847.9 


1,813.0 


396.2 


2634 


F 


2.546.7 


385.1 


730.2 


822.5 


2,460.1 


1,802.7 


1,739.3 


441.3 


265.7 


5.336.3 


1,843.5 


1,787.7 


4469 


277.7 


M 


2,511.1 


379.7 


735.5 


8260 


2.588.9 


1,994.6 


1.898.3 


4304 


2697 


5.598.5 


1,858.8 


1,769.5 


450.1 


297.2 


A 


2,519.9 


3837 


733.8 


851.3 


2,564.2 


1,863.6 


1,781.1 


392.2 


2744 


5,8347 


1,825.0 


1,850.5 


446.2 


301.1 


M 


2,586.2 


381 8 


736.9 


8668 


2,508.3 


1,848.2 


1,834.9 


403.3 


2822 


5,856.8 


1,767.1 


1,810.4 


463.9 


307.8 


J 


2,5887 


389.2 


741.4 


878.3 


2.5986 


1,916.9 


1,875.2 


408.3 


301.5 


6,071.9 


1,691.5 


1,870.0 


5200 


316.1 


J 


2,667.3 


410.8 


721.1 


912.2 


2.573.2 


2,0089 


1,924.5 


408.4 


2943 


6,004.2 


1,676 3 


1,849.4 


470.4 


302.5 


A 


2,636.8 


408.9 


780.7 


942.7 


2,592.0 


1.811.7 


1,721.3 


4226 


2955 


5,813.3 


1,702.6 


1,843.0 


412.3 


247.0 


S 


2,600.2 


396.1 


768.9 


9465 


2,605 1 


2,0688 


1,852.2 


431 6 


291.1 


5,871.4 


1.692.9 


1,868.7 


450.8 


272.1 


O 


2,657.3 


3783 


811.9 


9500 


2,619.2 


2,116.1 


1,880.8 


421.8 


298.1 


5,874.3 


1,665.9 


1,952.6 


433.2 


288.8 


N 


2,651 1 


3990 


766.6 


914 .1 


2,635.5 


1,968.7 


1.884.0 


433.3 


2696 


6,051.5 


1,823.2 


1,920.1 


400.0 


275.2 


D 


2,825.3 


401.1 


7620 


894 3 


2.6467 


2,159.3 


1.994.3 


438.4 


2632 


5.9548 


1,708.5 


1.920 6 


427.5 


277.5 


1978 J 


2,823.2 


406.5 


8352 


9092 


2,706.0 


2,108.0 


1,864.0 


423.0 


262.9 


6,029.5 


1,683.0 


2,006.6 


497.2 


311.1 


F 


2,855.3 


406.1 


821 2 


901 


2,812.7 


2,016.4 


1,915.2 


4358 


259.7 


6.196.3 


1.724.6 


2.094.8 


511.5 


350.1 


M 


2,901 2 


4039 


8220 


9266 


2,836.5 


2,177.0 


1.969.7 


4849 


261.1 


6.232.1 


1,787.5 


2,153 


5492 


388.1 


A 


3,018.4 


432.4 


809.5 


966.5 


3,065.5 


2,155.1 


2,0736 


4562 


260.9 


6.476.2 


1,804.2 


2,202.0 


591.3 


411.5 



'Because the supplementary classification for automative products consist of industries which are also included in the appropriate economic use group this series is inclusive of 
those aggregated for the Canada total Note: As of our June 1977 issue all series have been revised and ad|usted to the 1974 Census of Manufactures. 
Source: Inventories, Shipments and Orders in Manufacturing Industries (31-001), Statistics Canada. 



75 



Section 6-Table 5 July 

Table 5: Estimated value of inventories owned and raw materials in manufacturing industries, by economic use classification, 
based on the 1970 standard industrial classification (million dollars) 



1978 









Inventories owned 










Inventories held, 
raw materials 










Consumer 


goods 


Machin- 
ery and 
equip- 
ment 


Con- 
struction 
materials 
and com- 
ponents 


Other 
inter- 
mediate 
goods 
and 
supplies 


Export 
based 
indus- 
tries 


Supple- 
men- 
tary clas- 
sification: 


Annual 


Consumer goods 


Machin- 
ery and 
equipment 


Con- 
struction 
materials 
and com- 
ponents 


Other 
inter- 
mediate 
goods & 
supplies 


Export- 
based 
industries 


Supple- 
men- 
tary clas- 
sification: 
automotive 
products 


average 
and month 


Non- 
durable 


Durable 


Non- 
durable 


Durable 


motive 
products 


D 

D 


310456 
310521 


310446 
310511 


310457 
310522 


310458 
310523 


310449 
310514 


310459 
310524 


310460 
310525 


310421 
310486 


310422 
310487 


310423 
310488 


310424 
310489 


310425 
310490 


310426 
310491 


310427 
310492 


1975 
1976 


3,365.0 
3,661.3 


932.4 
937.9 


2,165.3 
2,157.3 


1,625.6 
1,701.2 


4,555.8 
4,799.1 


2,906.1 
3,138.2 


1,923.0 
2,183.8 


1,474.2 
1,608.5 


407.5 
389.3 


990.5 
942.4 


817.6 
801.2 


2,177.0 
2,184.7 


1.225.2 
1,255.5 


613.5 
723.3 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 M 


3,650.7 


973.3 


2,202.6 


1,754.1 


4,667.9 


2,9468 


2.0574 


1.616.1 


393.4 


953.6 


806 .1 


2.105.5 


1.135.5 


677.0 


J 


3,738.4 


958.6 


2,151.8 


1,750.1 


4,726.5 


3.034.4 


2.112 7 


1,653.8 


389.3 


9298 


816.0 


2.158.1 


1.230.1 


708.8 


J 


3,778.6 


941.6 


2,089.9 


1,714.7 


4,780.4 


3.031.8 


2,209.9 


1.693.3 


399.5 


933 1 


8120 


2.218 


1.180.5 


765.8 


A 


3,778.7 


911.0 


2,127.7 


1.707.8 


4,8424 


3,068.6 


2,267.6 


1.661.8 


385.1 


9324 


815.9 


2.2370 


1.210.7 


757.7 


S 


3,730.0 


900.6 


2,108.2 


1.689.8 


4,870.9 


3,234.6 


2,303.1 


1.613.8 


382.7 


9330 


8033 


2.236.2 


1.274.1 


743.6 


O 


3,733.8 


910.6 


2,074.6 


1,675.5 


4,906.1 


3,298.7 


2,344.6 


1.638.4 


383.2 


9395 


802 1 


2.237 1 


1,326.9 


8059 


N 


3,779.9 


926.9 


2,050.2 


1,678.1 


5.003.5 


3.312.0 


2.401.3 


1.688.2 


375.0 


8994 


7942 


2.275.8 


1.307.8 


. 8466 


D 


3,775.3 


951.1 


2,128 


1,684.9 


5,085.6 


3.364.8 


2.387.3 


1.703.9 


389.2 


9286 


7945 


2.296.4 


1,378.1 


864.0 


1977 J 


3,839.0 


964 3 


2,107.9 


1,698.5 


5,130.9 


3.500.7 


2.520.8 


1,724.8 


3873 


9203 


791.2 


2.235.9 


1.366.6 


880.0 


F 


3,868.8 


982.3 


2.149.6 


1,750.5 


5,226.5 


3.549.1 


2.622.9 


1,705.7 


394.2 


915.0 


799.1 


2.200.3 


1.274.8 


847.4 


M 


4,093.5 


9805 


2,199.4 


1,795.3 


5,188.5 


3.570.4 


2.697.7 


1.831.8 


391 9 


934.6 


814.1 


2.178.6 


1.339.9 


920.5 


A 


4,128.9 


996.9 


2,204.4 


1,794.0 


5,181.3 


3.444.2 


2.672.8 


1.877.7 


387.0 


946.5 


8336 


2.185.7 


1.240.3 


939.7 


M 


4,175.8 


1,010.0 


2,183.5 


1,852.9 


5,105.1 


3.387.0 


2,608.2 


1.886.2 


3899 


9373 


8286 


2.191 


1.216.2 


893 1 


J 


4,353.1 


978.8 


2,206.3 


1,841.0 


5,078.5 


3.383.2 


2.658.0 


2.001.3 


378.8 


936.1 


811.3 


2.189 8 


1.241.1 


9702 


J 


4,287.6 


955.9 


2.214.0 


1,800.0 


5,122.7 


3,371.1 


2,582.0 


1.947.6 


388.6 


9293 


8206 


2.2782 


1.242.4 


8876 


A 


4,321.7 


963.3 


2,2649 


1,789.1 


5,166 4 


3,535.3 


2.756.3 


1.965.9 


389.5 


9360 


8299 


2.304.0 


1.294.1 


942.1 


S 


4,292.0 


9478 


2,299.9 


1,788.6 


5,141.7 


3,656.0 


2.789.9 


1.925.0 


392.7 


9555 


8264 


2.318.8 


1.365.6 


9832 


O 


4,240.2 


936.9 


2,308.7 


1,708.9 


5.170 1 


3,670.4 


2,802.0 


1.942.7 


390.3 


9479 


811.0 


2.301 5 


1.385.6 


1.038.7 


N 


4,251.2 


9704 


2,339.8 


1,720.9 


5,300.4 


3,806.1 


2.892.3 


1.917.4 


402.2 


941 9 


8143 


2.361.0 


1.433.7 


1.027.7 


D 


4,239.4 


9507 


2,355.8 


1,783.0 


5,434.1 


3.709.7 


2,913.1 


1.931.1 


404.1 


9872 


8307 


2.440 1 


1,414.6 


1.056.6 


1978 J 


4,269.9 


953.2 


2.369.9 


1.827.2 


5.489.8 


3,793.3 


2,990.6 


1,910.1 


401.2 


969 9 


846 7 


2.366 9 


1.387.6 


1.033.2 


F 


4,341.4 


9499 


2,496.6 


1,901.7 


5,572.4 


3,874.7 


3,045.1 


1.923.5 


391 7 


1.020 8 


855.5 


2.3673 


1.376.6 


1.055.5 


M 


4,364.8 


991.1 


2.486.7 


1,973.2 


5,492.7 


3.758.4 


2,930.7 


1.935.4 


4023 


1,027.6 


882 7 


2.310 3 


1.350.9 


1.002.9 


A 


4,401.3 


1,014.9 


2,5643 


2,008.1 


5,458.7 


3.783.7 


2,9368 


1.931.2 


406.7 


1,028.1 


8879 


2.309.5 


1.316.8 


975.5 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 
M.C.D. 1 1 1 



1976 M 


3.591.6 


9420 


2,179.6 


1.710.7 


4,708.5 


3.037.7 


2.093.5 


1.596.5 


3937 


9482 


8084 


2,161.8 


1.211.1 


6990 


J 


3,651.5 


935.3 


2,131.6 


1.709.1 


4.781 6 


3,155.3 


2,155.8 


1,612.7 


390.7 


931 2 


8103 


2.205.5 


1.292.9 


721.6 


J 


3,763.6 


937.3 


2.126.9 


1.715.8 


4.861 5 


3,1336 


2.301.9 


1,655.1 


391.8 


932.1 


8050 


2.211.6 


1.201.4 


7660 


A 


3,808.9 


9179 


2,155.8 


1.725 7 


4.889.9 


3,082.6 


2.253.5 


1.666.6 


3770 


9278 


811 1 


2.216.0 


1.213.5 


7579 


S 


3,796.4 


9307 


2,136.4 


1.728.3 


4,975.3 


3,176.5 


2.308.7 


1.676.7 


3828 


9297 


8056 


2.2275 


1.242.0 


770.8 


O 


3,781.5 


949.3 


2.123.8 


1,737.9 


5,003 6 


3.219.3 


2.332.1 


1.674 4 


383 1 


9477 


8107 


2.220.3 


1.274.2 


7923 


N 


3,838.4 


9568 


2.090.6 


1,747.8 


5,013.0 


3.267.3 


2.384 


1.720.1 


3787 


9149 


8149 


2.2299 


1,280 3 


8350 


D 


3,835.5 


971.5 


2.120.4 


1,713.3 


4.991.4 


3.338.4 


2.373.0 


1.731.0 


3872 


9282 


7996 


2.210.7 


1.315.0 


8430 


1977 J 


3,864.7 


9744 


2,100.4 


1,682.8 


4.994.3 


3,445.8 


2.520.8 


1.738.6 


3937 


9189 


7852 


2.181.1 


1.324.5 


882 


F 


3,859.2 


9654 


2,114.8 


1,726.8 


5,131.1 


3.495.3 


2.608.9 


1.695.1 


3972 


913.1 


7936 


2.208.0 


1.252.8 


8516 


M 


4,050.6 


9537 


2,148.4 


1,751.7 


5.123.4 


3.498.7 


2.615.9 


1.799.9 


3935 


931.4 


8102 


2.243.7 


1.345.2 


8933 


A 


4.056.2 


965.1 


2,1679 


1.741.9 


5.121.7 


3.495 


2.628.5 


1.843.8 


3896 


944 3 


8295 


2.250.3 


1.309.6 


9323 


M 


4,109.4 


976.0 


2,160.5 


1.805.7 


5,148.0 


3.481.9 


2,654.8 


1.864.4 


3903 


931.9 


831.0 


2.250.2 


1.296.3 


924.1 


J 


4,253.6 


954.1 


2,186.1 


1.797.1 


5,134 7 


3.503.8 


2.710.7 


1.952.1 


380.3 


9374 


8059 


2.237.0 


1.303.2 


9885 


J 


4,270.0 


952.3 


2,255.0 


1.799.6 


5,215.0 


3.479 6 


2,679 6 


1.903.6 


381.0 


928.5 


8135 


2.2725 


1.264.1 


8866 


A 


4,354.7 


9727 


2,295.3 


1.807.0 


5,222.1 


3,554.3 


2.741.6 


1.971.6 


381.3 


931.6 


825.1 


2.2832 


1.297.9 


9438 


S 


4,373.3 


981.7 


2,327.5 


1,828.0 


5,255.1 


3,591.4 


2.803.8 


2.001.1 


3928 


951.9 


8287 


2.310.4 


1.331.3 


1,020.3 


O 


4,298.0 


9788 


2.3574 


1,776.8 


5,275.9 


3.585.4 


2.787.2 


1.985.8 


390.2 


956 3 


8198 


2.2846 


1.331.6 


1.020.8 


N 


4,317.4 


1,001.7 


2.376.6 


1,796.0 


5,310.9 


3.761 3 


2.869.4 


1.952.1 


4060 


9583 


8356 


2.313.2 


1.406 3 


1.012.6 


D 


4,305.7 


9705 


2,343.4 


1.811.8 


5,334.0 


3.690.0 


2,894.6 


1,961.5 


4020 


9869 


8364 


2.349.4 


1.351.1 


1.030.0 


1978 J 


4,324.3 


9566 


2.368.2 


1,831.2 


5,355.3 


3.712.9 


2.982.8 


1.933.7 


4055 


970 1 


844 5 


2.321 1 


1.332 1 


1.033.1 


F 


4,391.3 


931.3 


2,454.8 


1.876.8 


5.478.2 


3.809.6 


3.041 3 


1.967.8 


3930 


1.020.7 


8539 


2.385.4 


1.350.9 


1.083.0 


M 


4.303.0 


964 9 


2,429.3 


1,924.7 


5.416.2 


3,670.4 


2.822 9 


1.907.2 


401.6 


1.021.5 


879 


2.3790 


1.358.5 


9766 


A 


4,328.6 


9783 


2,508.9 


1,949.1 


5.408.1 


3,799.2 


2,896.5 


1.892.4 


4075 


1,026.0 


883 5 


2.379.9 


1.361.7 


961.1 



Note As of our June 1977 issue all series have been revised and adiusted to the 1974 Census of Manufactures 
Source: Inventories, Shipments and Orders in Manufacturing Industries (31-001), Statistics Canada. 



76 



July 1978 Section 6-Table 6 

Table 6: Estimated value of goods in process and finished products in manufacturing industries, by economic use classification, 
based on the 1970 standard industrial classification (million dollars) 



Inventories held 








Goods in process 










Finished product: 










Consumer 


goods 


Machine- 
ry and 
equipment 


Con- 
struction 
materials 
and com- 
ponents 


Other 
inter- 
mediate 
goods & 
supplies 


Export- 
based 
industries 


Supplemen- 
tary clas- 
sification 
auto- 
motive 
products 


Consumer goods 


Machin- 
ery and 
equip- 
ments 


Con- 
struction 
materials 
and com- 
ponents 


Other 
inter- 
mediate 
goods 
and 
supplies 


Export- 
based 
indus- 
tries 


Supplemen- 
tary clas- 
sification 
auto- 


average 
and month 


Non- 
durable 


Durable 


Non- 
durable 


Durable 


motive 
products 


D 

D 


310429 
310494 


310430 
310495 


310431 
310496 


310432 
310497 


310433 
310498 


310434 
310499 


310435 
310500 


310437 
310502 


310438 
310503 


310439 
310504 


310440 
310505 


310441 
310506 


310442 
310507 


310443 
310508 


1975 

1976 


366 7 
415.5 


160.1 
162.8 


1,369.9 
1,496 2 


555.7 
614.5 


7888 
920.2 


933.7 
1,003.7 


500.5 
578.2 


1,523.9 
1,637.1 


364.7 
385.7 


428 7 
461.3 


445.1 
5069 


1.589.9 
1,694.0 


747.2 
878.9 


808.9 
882.2 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 M 


420.8 


161.3 


1,501.6 


641.8 


8892 


943.5 


540.9 


1,613.7 


418.5 


4688 


5355 


1,673.1 


867.6 


839.4 


J 


4265 


160 6 


1,464.5 


6222 


906.3 


936.3 


552.8 


1.658.0 


4086 


477.1 


532.3 


1,662.0 


8679 


851.0 


J 


4079 


159.1 


1,463.0 


617.2 


924.3 


9578 


557.7 


1,677.3 


382.9 


456.1 


512.1 


1.638.0 


893.4 


886.3 


A 


4006 


159 7 


1,459.6 


6297 


943.1 


956.4 


557.4 


1,716.1 


366.1 


457.5 


4969 


1,662.2 


901.4 


952.3 


S 


4093 


158.5 


1,481.9 


634.5 


9633 


1,011.8 


590.1 


1,706.8 


3592 


4663 


4929 


1,671.3 


948.6 


9694 


O 


418.0 


163.3 


1,504.5 


631 9 


960.0 


1,060.5 


6300 


1,677.3 


364.1 


4575 


487 4 


1,708.9 


911.2 


908.6 


N 


425.1 


168 9 


1,548.9 


6325 


9827 


1,074.8 


6303 


1,666.5 


3829 


463.5 


490.2 


1,744.9 


929.2 


924.3 


D 


431.5 


163.6 


1,484.3 


6072 


983.8 


1,051.7 


630.6 


1,639.9 


3982 


451.4 


4928 


1,805.4 


934 8 


8926 


1977 J 


4404 


164.5 


1,478.6 


5952 


1,019.1 


1,118.9 


663.1 


1,673.8 


412.5 


474.2 


524 6 


1,875.9 


1,015.2 


9777 


F 


448.3 


167.1 


1,486.4 


609.8 


1,056.5 


1,176.2 


7085 


1,714.8 


421 1 


4788 


5670 


1,969.7 


1,098.1 


1.067.0 


M 


4582 


165.2 


1,503.8 


589.8 


1,045.2 


1,168.9 


7050 


1,803.5 


4234 


498.7 


590.2 


1,964.7 


1,061.5 


1,072.3 


A 


4405 


161.7 


1,514.4 


5705 


1,034.7 


1,125.1 


667.9 


1.810.7 


4482 


467.6 


608.0 


1,960.9 


1,078.8 


1,065.2 


M 


4484 


163.3 


1,520.1 


612.7 


1,030.3 


1,092 4 


649 1 


1,841.3 


456.8 


475.5 


603.5 


1,883.8 


1.078.4 


1.066.1 


J 


449 7 


160.1 


1,566.0 


6067 


1,016.1 


1,044.2 


592.8 


1.902 2 


4399 


488.8 


595.5 


1,872.7 


1,088.8 


1,095.1 


J 


432.4 


162.0 


1,577.3 


5896 


1,026 2 


1,024.9 


5655 


1,907.6 


405.3 


488 .1 


558.0 


1,818.2 


1,103.8 


1,129.0 


A 


435.7 


164 8 


1,627.7 


595.5 


1,048.5 


1,097.8 


650 1 


1,920.0 


409.0 


4780 


537.7 


1,813.9 


1,143.4 


1,164.1 


S 


456.0 


160.8 


1,686.5 


590.7 


1,052.3 


1,143.8 


691.4 


1,911.0 


394.3 


4638 


537.1 


1,770.7 


1,146.7 


1,115.3 


O 


453.9 


154 9 


1,728.1 


6325 


1,069.3 


1,153.0 


710.2 


1,843.6 


391.7 


4762 


5325 


1,799.3 


1,131.8 


1,053.1 


N 


4788 


161 7 


1,786.9 


6342 


1,064.7 


1.196.6 


749 7 


1.855.0 


406.5 


4802 


543.5 


1,874.7 


1,1757 


1.114.9 


D 


473.3 


160 


1,751.4 


6367 


1,067.6 


1,217.3 


761.4 


1,835.0 


3866 


4784 


555.7 


1,926.5 


1.077.7 


1,095.1 


1978 J 


492.6 


163.9 


1,776.9 


6433 


1,124.3 


1,261.5 


800 1 


1,867.3 


388 1 


498 1 


591.3 


1,998.7 


1,144.2 


1,157.3 


F 


497.3 


163.9 


1,856.7 


6930 


1,133.6 


1,269.0 


7846 


1.920 6 


394.4 


5200 


618.6 


2,071.5 


1,229.2 


1,205.0 


M 


486.8 


168 1 


1,835.9 


705.5 


1,111.9 


1,237.8 


771.0 


1,942.5 


420.7 


548.5 


6470 


2.070.5 


1.169.7 


1,156.7 


A 


492.9 


165.9 


1,889.5 


721.4 


1,135.8 


1,211.3 


753.1 


1,977.1 


442.3 


553.1 


6656 


2,013.5 


1,255.6 


1,208.1 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 
M.C.D. 2 2 1 



1976 M 


406.6 


163.5 


1,507.7 


617.0 


8905 


964 


556.2 


1,588.5 


3848 


4534 


507.2 


1,656.2 


862.6 


838.3 


J 


4149 


162 9 


1,464.7 


604.9 


911.5 


9768 


576.3 


1,623.9 


381.7 


4590 


511.3 


1,664.6 


885.6 


857.9 


J 


417.3 


160.9 


1,475.8 


611.5 


9349 


1,016.9 


631.3 


1,691.2 


384.6 


4676 


517.7 


1,715.0 


9153 


904.6 


A 


4204 


157.0 


1,458.2 


621.2 


9339 


975.7 


5596 


1,721.9 


3839 


476.9 


515.7 


1,740.0 


893.4 


936.0 


S 


421.9 


156.6 


1,463.8 


638.9 


962.5 


1,015.9 


588.0 


1.697.8 


391.3 


478.5 


518.9 


1,785.3 


918.6 


949.9 


O 


4276 


163.3 


1,484.8 


6376 


9759 


1,059.0 


616.3 


1,679.5 


4029 


475.6 


519 4 


1,807.4 


886.1 


923.5 


N 


436.4 


169 1 


1,508.6 


6396 


994 7 


1,047.0 


5959 


1,681.9 


4090 


476.2 


524.1 


1,788.4 


940.0 


953.1 


D 


441.4 


1650 


1,515.9 


6409 


9936 


1,021.6 


593.9 


1.663.1 


419 3 


456.1 


510.5 


1,787.1 


1,001.8 


936.1 


1977 J 


434.5 


165.5 


1,504.9 


613.4 


993.5 


1,087.0 


652.4 


1,691.6 


415.2 


4768 


517.7 


1,819.7 


1,034.3 


986.4 


F 


4320 


165.1 


1,494.5 


616 6 


1,048.9 


1,154.6 


712.5 


1,732.1 


403.1 


468.2 


553.3 


1,874.2 


1,087.9 


1,044.8 


M 


448.6 


164.2 


1,488.3 


588.2 


1,039.2 


1,124.1 


685.2 


1,802.1 


396.0 


4804 


5574 


1,840.5 


1,029.4 


1,037.4 


A 


425.1 


160 6 


1,525.8 


554.9 


1,027.9 


1,129.8 


668.1 


1,787.3 


414.9 


4509 


572.5 


1.843.5 


1,055.6 


1,028.1 


M 


433.5 


165.6 


1,526.0 


5888 


1,031.9 


1,115.7 


6668 


1,811.5 


420.1 


4599 


571.6 


1.865.9 


1.069.9 


1,063.9 


J 


437.7 


162.5 


1,567.1 


5899 


1,021.8 


1.090.4 


617.5 


1,863.8 


411.3 


4700 


571.8 


1,875.9 


1,110.2 


1,104.7 


J 


442.8 


163.8 


1,590.9 


584.5 


1,037.6 


1.086.8 


6397 


1,923.6 


407.5 


501.1 


564 


1.904.9 


1,128.7 


1,153.3 


A 


4575 


1620 


1,627.2 


588.5 


1,039.0 


1,1200 


653.3 


1,925.6 


429.4 


4987 


5582 


1,899.9 


1,136.4 


1,144.5 


S 


470.0 


158 9 


1,666.5 


595.4 


1,051.9 


1,148.5 


6899 


1,902.2 


430.0 


4759 


5657 


1,892.8 


1.111.6 


1,093.6 


O 


4642 


155.0 


1.705.8 


639.1 


1,087.9 


1,151.5 


6946 


1,848.0 


4336 


4952 


567.6 


1,903.4 


1.102.3 


1.071.8 


N 


491.9 


161 8 


1,741.1 


641.5 


1,077.5 


1,165.0 


7082 


1,873.4 


433.9 


4934 


581.0 


1.920 2 


1.190.0 


1,148.6 


D 


484.1 


161.5 


1,787.5 


670.5 


1,078.5 


1.182.9 


717.0 


1,860.1 


407.0 


4834 


576.2 


1,906.1 


1,156.0 


1,147.6 


1978 J 


484.2 


163 9 


1,797.2 


6650 


1,093.9 


1,218.6 


7768 


1,906.4 


387.2 


4982 


590.5 


1.940.3 


1,162.2 


1,172.9 


F 


479.9 


161.4 


1,863.6 


694.7 


1,120.9 


1,246.6 


784.2 


1,943.6 


376.9 


5099 


5995 


1.971.9 


1,212.1 


1,174.1 


M 


4765 


166.8 


1,825.7 


708.3 


1,095.3 


1,179.9 


7256 


1,919.3 


396.5 


5320 


6078 


1,941.9 


1.132.0 


1,120.7 


A 


475.8 


1655 


1,897.1 


707.0 


1,129.8 


1,210.1 


748.1 


1,960.4 


405.3 


531.0 


624 9 


1,898.4 


1,227.4 


1,187.3 



Note; As of our June 1977 issue all series have been revised and adjusted to the 1974 Census of Manufactures. 
Source: Inventories, Shipments and Orders in Manufacturing Industries (31-001), Statistics Canada. 



77 



Section 6-Tables 7 and 8 
Table 7: Tobacco and beverages 



July 1978 















Tobacco 














Beverages 






Production 


Bottled 
spirits » 






Production! ot tobacco products 




Sales 4 ot tobacco products 






Stocks, 
unmanu- 
factured* 

Million 
pounds 






Beer 

Million 
gallons 


Distil- 
leries 
indus- 
trial 
alcohol 
(ethyl) 








Domestic 




Ex-warehoused5 


Stocks.6 

distil- 




Ciga- 
rettes 


Cigars 


Cut tobacco 


Ciga- 
rettes 


Cigars 


Cut tobacco 






Ciga- 
rettes 


Cigars 


& bond 


Year 


Fine cut2 


Other3 


Fine cut2 


Other3 


arehouse 


month 


Millions 




Thousand 


pounds 


Millions 


Thousand 


pounds 


Millions 




Million 


prool gallons 


D 


2082 


2083 


2089 


2090 


2091 


2092 


2093 


2094 


2095 


2096 


2084 


2085 


2086 


2087 


2088 


1976 


61,558 


564 


14,923 


2,762 


60,743 


510.6 


14,499 


2,037 


906.3 


7.1 


241.0 


450.0 


94.78 


36.51 


413.91 


1977 


65,464 


460 


14,329 


1,885 


61,786 


464.8 


13,918 


1.907 


964.5 


10.6 


232.5 


457.8 


88.23 


44.47 


420.50 


1976 J 


5,720 


55 


1,269 


252 


5,160 


53.7 


1,254 


198 


64.6 


0.4 


2653 


50.0 


8.65 


3.47 


414.76 


J 


2,461 


26 


394 


757 


5,163 


58.0 


1,120 


217 


989 


0.8 


- 


48.7 


4.58 


1.48 


413.63 


A 


4,864 


46 


1,233 


161 


5,821 


34.0 


1,167 


161 


103.4 


0.8 


- 


40.2 


6.32 


3.32 


413.24 


S 


5,412 


52 


1,251 


203 


5,018 


42.2 


1,224 


202 


101.4 


0.6 


232.6 


37.0 


8.27 


3.48 


413.97 


O 


4,816 


45 


1,082 


152 


4,591 


45.9 


1,355 


150 


61.2 


0.4 


- 


332 


8.62 


3.62 


413.22 


N 


5,594 


59 


1,358 


191 


5,371 


44.3 


1,158 


119 


47.2 


0.4 


- 


366 


9.29 


3.84 


411.03 


D 


4,894 


45 


1,138 


167 


6,248 


43.4 


1,265 


170 


65.9 


0.7 


241.0 


34.8 


13.54 


2.61 


413.91 


1977 J 


5,633 


45 


'1,335 


154 


3,410 


27.9 


940 


129 


62.7 


0.5 


. 


26.1 


7.50 


2.70 


41399 


F 


5,480 


40 


1,211 


148 


4,787 


29.4 


1.111 


138 


81.0 


0.3 


- 


28.4 


9.15 


2.81 


417.21 


M 


6,536 


38 


1,383 


195 


5,618 


45.4 


1,391 


180 


84.0 


1.0 


241.8 


37.5 


8.80 


3.42 


428.90 


A 


5,379 


38 


1,181 


125 


3,459 


32.0 


1,099 


136 


106 4 


06 


- 


36.2 


4.91 


306 


419.61 


M 


5,647 


38 


1,151 


142 


5,133 


38.0 


1,144 


167 


68.6 


1.6 


- 


43.1 


7.83 


4.25 


42059 


J 


6,048 


45 


1,462 


192 


5,891 


47.6 


1,265 


181 


77.4 


1.0 


2458 


50.9 


7.72 


3.55 


419.54 


J 


2,025 


13 


431 


84 


5,139 


38.3 


1,070 


152 


94.9 


0.7 


- 


44.4 


369 


1 33 


417.49 


A 


5,410 


37 


1,357 


151 


5,689 


39.5 


1,038 


165 


108.9 


06 


- 


46.2 


6.50 


362 


416.03 


S 


6,040 


40 


1,304 


184 


5,282 


40.4 


1,243 


162 


936 


1.0 


210.4 


36.6 


7.31 


405 


414.76 





5,906 


42 


1,211 


139 


5,934 


38.0 


1,113 


161 


509 


1.0 


- 


32.9 


8.51 


4.10 


411.69 


N 


6,651 


47 


1,293 


229 


5.656 


42.9 


1.283 


160 


67.6 


1.0 


- 


38.3 


9.12 


4.35 


410.53 


D 


4,709 


36 


1,010 


142 


5.788 


45.4 


1,221 


176 


685 


1.3 


2325 


37.2 


719 


7.23 


420.50 


1978 J 


5,518 


39 


1,157 


173 


3,437 


28.8 


832 


144 


63.1 


0.1 


. 


28.8 


634 


2.94 


41040 


F 


5,724 


44 


1,132 


158 


4,184 


26.1 


1,013 


130 


76.7 


0.1 


- 


276 


7.76 


284 


411.32 


M 


6,417 


40 


1,311 


158 


5,289 


346 


1.175 


155 


865 


0.1 


2799 


37.1 


7.46 


288 


411 94 


A 


5,537 


40 


1.193 


179 


4,104 


326 


926 


144 


85.9 


0.1 


- 










M 


5,095 


36 


1,279 


90 


5,619 


42.0 


1.163 


119 


87.1 


0.1 


- 











lStarting with January 1968. production is manufacturers' production, prior to that date production was indicated by the use of excise duty stamps ^Intended lor cigarettes 
3|ncludes pipe, plug, chewing, twist, snuff etc 4 Sales to wholesalers, retailers and institutions which are subject to excise duty 5|ncludes sales tor ships air stores, em- 
bassies of Canada and for export. 6End of period. 
Sources: Tobacco and Tobacco Products Service Bulletin (32-014), Statistics Canada; and Department ol National Revenue. 

Table 8: Rubber (metric tonnes) 





Imports 












Consumption of natural. 








natural and 












synthetic & 


reclaimed rubber 




Year 


synthetic 






Consumpt 












Stocks' 












Tires 




Wire 




month 


pounds) 


Synthetic 


Natural 


Synthetic 


Reclaimed 


Total 


and tubes 


Footwear 


and cable 


Natural 


D 


2099 


345075 


345077 


345078 


345088 


345089 


345090 


345091 


345092 


345094 


1976 


22654 


209.910 


84.695 


203.919 


11,212 


299.826 


208.071 


6.274 


2.352 


8.205 


1977 


23834 


237,927 


90.350 


207,094 


9,497 


306.941 


212.583 


7.176 


1.929 


11.733 


1976 M 


23 43 


16,245 


7.084 


17,541 


1.043 


25668 


17,880 


602 


247 


8.243 


J 


19 58 


17,460 


7,753 


18.567 


1.142 


27.462 


19.310 


572 


184 


8.730 


J 


17 09 


17,517 


5.679 


13,028 


656 


19.363 


13.100 


280 


100 


7.957 


A 


19.22 


1 8.4 1 8 


5.987 


15.039 


767 


21.793 


14,372 


496 


126 


9.584 


S 


17.69 


15.923 


7,457 


18.492 


870 


26.819 


18.638 


449 


194 


9.485 


O 


18.85 


18.307 


7.550 


17.347 


774 


25.671 


17.671 


570 


185 


9.584 


N 


23.87 


19.614 


8.580 


19.837 


936 


29.353 


21.108 


559 


192 


9.940 


D 


1889 


21,632 


7,420 


17,153 


826 


25,399 


18,233 


455 


186 


8.205 


1977 J 


22.61 


18,679 


6.887 


16.652 


758 


24.297 


17.275 


576 


188 


9.606 


F 


18 94 


17,087 


7,688 


18,292 


866 


26.846 


19.769 


564 


163 


13.249 


M 


21.18 


22,037 


8,466 


18.926 


864 


28.256 


20,518 


585 


225 


11.704 


A 


2240 


18,330 


7,519 


17,572 


867 


25.958 


16.363 


524 


191 


12.168 


M 


17.84 


20,481 


7.925 


18,049 


925 


26.899 


18.684 


574 


190 


11.989 


J 


2048 


22,067 


8,177 


18.622 


928 


27.727 


19.265 


600 


181 


10.528 


J 


1482 


21.196 


4,334 


10,983 


582 


15.899 


11.061 


302 


40 


11.182 


A 


1685 


1 5,634 


8,020 


16,420 


625 


25.065 


17.772 


581 


151 


10.301 


S 


18 09 


1 5.396 


7,411 


17,524 


753 


25.688 


17.338 


583 


155 


11.258 


O 


23.21 


23.396 


7,990 


1 9,229 


856 


28.075 


18.442 


1.218 


135 


12.432 


N 


2026 


20.901 


8,677 


19.536 


816 


29.029 


19,865 


646 


168 


10.993 


D 


21 66 


22.723 


7,256 


15.289 


657 


23.202 


16.231 


423 


142 


11.733 


1978 J 


12.52 


20,700 


7.588 


16,343 


712 


24,643 


17.232 


753 


156 


11.141 


F 


27.10 


18,779 


7.997 


17,186 


728 


25.91 1 


18,211 


702 


198 


13.212 


M 


14.15 


21,268 


7,828 


16,639 


754 


25.221 


17.699 


653 


179 


13.743 


A 




21,757 


8,273 


1 7,303 


814 


26.390 


18.126 


832 


171 


15.341 



lEnd ot period 

Sources: Consumption, Production and Inventories of Rubber (33-003); Imports by Commodities (65-007), Statistics Canada. 



78 



July 1978 

Table 9: Rubber products 



Section 6-Tables 9 and 10 











Footwear (thousand pairs) 














Production 
















Boots, all 


rubber 




















Light and 

heavy 

rubbers 


Utility 




Stocks 


Year 












storm king, 
and hip 












month 


Total 


men's etc. 


galoshes! 


footwear 


Total 


total 


D 


2125 


2126 


2127 


2128 


2129 


2130 


2131 


2132 


1976 


3,909.8 


559.4 


157.5 


2,308.3 


684 7 


2666 


4,830.0 


1,104.3 


1977 


2,494.6 


445.9 


106 5 


562.8 


607.2 


100 5 


4,3020 


9054 


1976 M 


3995 


57.2 


57.5 


226.5 


42.5 


96.1 


177.1 


2,3190 


J 


3826 


53.1 


7.4 


3678 


45.9 


11.5 


554.3 


2,147.4 


J 


226.6 


18.0 


4.1 


196.4 


19.9 


32.9 


381 8 


1 ,990.2 


A 


152.0 


21.8 


3.4 


399.5 


31.0 


13.6 


632.2 


1,771.6 


S 


235.2 


41.4 


7.2 


47.9 


54.3 


10.8 


862.2 


1,359.8 


O 


2585 


45.5 


78 


52.6 


78.0 


83 


658.6 


1,135.0 


N 


2624 


44.3 


12.3 


53.6 


825 


89 


5000 


1,082.3 


D 


2209 


42.4 


7.7 


47.2 


75.2 


7.1 


2670 


1,104.3 


1977 J 


206.5 


38.4 


6.1 


42.5 


64.9 


90 


2005 


1.113.6 


F 


232.4 


466 


5.9 


42.1 


75.7 


8.1 


159 2 


1,341.1 


M 


284.3 


568 


9.1 


54.2 


868 


9.8 


178.0 


1,6578 


A 


2320 


45.6 


8.3 


50.3 


609 


10.2 


156 9 


1,911.1 


M 


197 9 


35.1 


9.1 


44.1 


42.5 


7.4 


2346 


2.022.1 


J 


228.3 


41.2 


12.6 


56.5 


42.4 


9.2 


513.1 


1,940.3 


J 


106.3 


9.5 


3.2 


12.1 


18.5 


2.2 


284.6 


1,800.6 


A 


204.3 


30.4 


9.7 


57.6 


49.0 


10.0 


609.6 


1,593.5 


S 


2420 


38.8 


12.8 


63.7 


47.7 


9 1 


770.1 


1,235.2 


O 


207.2 


39.5 


9.1 


50.0 


42.9 


87 


576.0 


1,041.1 


N 


203.7 


36.7 


12.4 


52.7 


41.0 


10.0 


353.1 


1,004 3 


D 


149.7 


27.3 


8.2 


37.0 


34.9 


6.8 


2663 


9054 


1978 J 


155.9 


30.0 


88 


35.6 


31 8 


72 


171.2 


1,017.0 


F 


182 8 


34.2 


7.9 


38.5 


45.2 


9.1 


243.7 


1,102.3 


M 


252.7 


37.7 


11.4 


49.9 


698 


90 


173.5 


1.350 1 


A 


228.8 


48.0 


10.9 


42.7 


49.7 


8.0 


136.4 


1,586 



1 Includes plastic footwear 

Source: The Rubber Association of Canada. 

Table 10: Raw hides, skins and finished leather 









Raw 


hides and skins 








Production of finished 


leather 






Receipts' 


Wettings' 






Stocks3 










Cattle leather 














Calf 


Sheep 










Glove 


Splits. 






Cattle 


Cattle 


Cattle 


and kip 


and lamb 


Horse 








and 


all 


All 




hides? 


hides? 


hides? 


skins? 


skins 


hides All 


other 


Sole4 


Uppers 


garment 


typesfi 


other? 


Year 


























and 










•ooo 






000 










month 




Thousands 






doz 


Thousands 




lbs 




Thousand square feet 




D 


2145 


2147 


2149 


2150 


2151 


2153 


2154 


2155 


2156 


2157 


2158 


2159 


1976 


2,228 


2,347 


252 


94 


11 


11 


4 


X 


69,546 


10,947 


28,048 


3,676 


1977 


1,852 


1,949 


230 


109 


8 


14 


5 


X 


56,154 


11,650 


25,076 


3,570 


1976 J 


193.7 


198.9 


2496 


88.3 


8.0 


7.9 


04 


X 


6,8332 


1,197.2 


2,854.1 


306.9 


J 


110.1 


893 


259.9 


89.7 


12.2 


8.0 


04 


X 


3.5930 


2904 


1.654.1 


89.8 


A 


148.3 


173 3 


235.5 


86.8 


7.6 


6.7 


0.2 


X 


4,726.7 


939.1 


1,897.5 


276.7 


S 


188.8 


192.5 


2367 


85.5 


6.8 


8.6 


0.3 


X 


5.6246 


733.2 


2,063.8 


314.3 





234.1 


216.8 


2625 


101 8 


8 1 


8.7 


0.7 


X 


5,5748 


859.1 


2,699.3 


338.4 


N 


186.3 


203.1 


2545 


986 


12.5 


9.8 


1.7 


X 


5,2187 


7560 


2,583.4 


358.4 


D 


176.8 


170 6 


2524 


93.7 


109 


105 


3.8 


X 


5,3666 


721.5 


1,894.8 


198 


1977 J 


181.7 


160.1 


341.3 


87.2 


94 


15.2 


5.2 


X 


5,3060 


580.5 


1,712.3 


324.0 


F 


163 8 


172 9 


269.7 


84.5 


9.4 


15.2 


3.2 


X 


4,772.8 


559.6 


1,846.8 


373.0 


M 


120.1 


182.2 


287.5 


X 


10.0 


13.1 


2 1 


X 


5.3728 


760.4 


2,145.8 


428.0 


A 


156.8 


166 4 


2768 


820 


10.0 


12.3 


24 


X 


5,323.3 


919.8 


2,368.5 


328.8 


M 


133.6 


165.0 


2389 


86.4 


8.2 


15.7 


- 


X 


4,461 4 


1,142.6 


2,359.8 


284.8 


J 


153.5 


161.2 


2295 


75.0 


90 


14.8 


- 


X 


5,147.1 


1,201.0 


2,903.9 


277.8 


J 


81.1 


61.3 


236.7 


78.3 


8.0 


15.5 


2.7 


X 


2,940.3 


336.5 


1,387.4 


158.4 


A 


164.1 


155.6 


244.9 


X 


8.8 


19.5 


0.5 


X 


4,0540 


1,025.9 


1,687 7 


416.5 


S 


165.6 


177.8 


225.7 


X 


8.2 


15.5 


0.5 


X 


3,833.4 


1,228.1 


2,228.1 


206.5 


O 


184 3 


193.8 


224.7 


X 


8.1 


16.1 


1.0 


X 


5,344.1 


1,364.9 


2,816 9 


2650 


N 


185.7 


184 


2296 


X 


84 


14.2 


2.0 


X 


4,7606 


1,336.7 


1,922.2 


3189 


D 


162.1 


1685 


2300 


108 8 


83 


13.5 


4.6 


X 


4,8380 


1,193.7 


1,6963 


188.2 


1978 J 


198 9 


175.6 


271.9 


X 


8.7 


11.7 


7.4 


X 


4,9368 


1,421.7 


2,141.8 


246.5 


F 


214.4 


196 6 


2854 


X 


8.5 


11.7 


6.5 


X 


5.5499 


1,381.0 


2,025.6 


524.3 


M 


177.3 


1933 


257.5 


X 


7.1 


11.6 


6.8 


X 


5,400.4 


1,537.1 


1,943 9 


553.7 


A 


178.9 


201.9 


244.6 


X 


7.2 


9.7 


2.3 


X 


5,6739 


1,749.7 


2,169.8 


4902 


M 


234.4 


2343 


211.4 


X 


6.7 


10.7 


2.4 


X 


6,5854 


2,211.1 


2,081.1 


247.5 



'Held by tanners 2Domestic-packer and country plus imported 3Held by packers, dealers and tanners, at end of period 4|ncludes transfers to cut stock department in 
"domestic deliveries" 5|ncludes overweight kip, patent leather and upper calf and kip skins. 6Excludes the types sold by the pound 7|ncludes upholstery, specialty, 
luggage, etc. but excludes those sold by the pound 
Source: Raw Hides, Skins and Finished Leather (33-001), Statistics Canada. 



79 



Section 6-Table 11 

Table 11: Footwear production! (thousand pairs) 



July 1978 









All footwear2 












Year 


Men's 


Women's 


Boys' 


Girls' 


Infants' 






and 


(size 6 


(size 4 


(under 


(under 


and "little 






Athletic 


month 


and up) 


and up) 


size 6) 


size 4) 


children's" 


Total 


Slippers 


footwear 


D 


2177 


2178 


2179 


2180 


2181 


2182 


2186 


2191 


1976 


14,154 


20,015 


3,327 


2,457 


3,886 


43.839 


7,272 


5,095 


1977 


13,100 


16,526 


3,216 


2,253 


3,018 


38,113 


5,543 


4,836 


1976 M 


1,210 


1,667 


292 


219 


376 


3,764 


590 


448 


J 


1,351 


1,770 


317 


259 


396 


4,093 


639 


452 


J 


905 


1,125 


221 


206 


200 


2,657 


471 


312 


A 


1,251 


1,841 


307 


279 


346 


4,024 


785 


474 


S 


1,341 


1,834 


340 


271 


364 


4,150 


850 


527 


O 


1,318 


1,696 


285 


236 


319 


3,854 


787 


440 


N 


1,290 


1,728 


299 


207 


363 


3,887 


685 


441 


D 


925 


1,364 


209 


133 


261 


2,891 


364 


333 


1977 J 


1,133 


1,376 


279 


172 


281 


3,241 


402 


425 


F 


1,132 


1,505 


275 


186 


262 


3,360 


428 


376 


M 


1,321 


1,528 


307 


242 


258 


3.656 


499 


433 


A 


1,055 


1,346 


260 


196 


235 


3,092 


506 


389 


M 


1,141 


1,407 


273 


203 


290 


3,314 


510 


427 


J 


1,143 ' 


1,498 


283 


198 


307 


3,429 


503 


432 


J 


715 


942 


186 


161 


184 


2,188 


383 


"257 


A 


1,210 


1,562 


286 


233 


254 


3.545 


484 


440 


S 


1,152 


1,515 


268 


203 


278 


3.416 


585 


421 





1,139 


1,333 


256 


156 


228 


3,112 


508 


420 


N 


1,155 


1,500 


336 


189 


265 


3.445 


493 


510 


D 


804 


1,014 


207 


114 


176 


2.315 


242 


306 


1978 J 


971 


1,266 


217 


131 


198 


2.783 


317 


348 


F 


1,156 


1,480 


260 


162 


254 


3.312 


336 


420 


M 


1,289 


1,623 


326 


218 


229 


3,685 


X 


513 


A 


1,180 


1,561 


298 


229 


258 


3.526 


X 


423 






'Excludes rubber footwear See Table 9 2lncludes work and utility boots and shoes, casual and dress boots and shoes, slippers and athletic footwear 
Source: Footwear Statistics (33-002), Statistics Canada. 



80 



July 1978 

Table 12: Production of sawn lumben (million feet, board measure) 



Section 6-Tables 12 and 13 



Year 
and 
month 


Canada 


N.S. 


NB 


Que. 


Ont 


Sask 


Alia. 


BC 


D 


2267 


2270 


2271 


2272 


2273 


2275 


2276 


2277 



1976 
1977 

1976 M 
J 
J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 

1977 J 

F 
M 
A 
M 
J 
J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 

1978 J 

F 
M 
A 



15,431 


159 


321 


2,364 


1,175 


156 


511 


10,745 


1 7,582 


194 


308 


2,700 


1,412 


218 


620 


12,038 


1,260.4 


15.9 


27.4 


220.1 


105.8 


11.6 


70 


872.6 


1,330.9 


14.7 


26.7 


219.1 


118.9 


10.6 


14.0 


926.9 


1,073.6 


13.8 


23.1 


139.7 


94.9 


7.1 


10.0 


785.1 


1,229.8 


16.1 


30.5 


216.5 


101.9 


12.7 


13.0 


839.0 


1,364.2 


17.3 


34.2 


230.2 


113.9 


13.7 


15.0 


939.8 


1,351.6 


15.9 


31.6 


242.0 


105.0 


19.2 


15.0 


922.9 


1,378.2 


14.3 


30.5 


239.5 


110.9 


15.5 


22.0 


945.5 


1,369.0 


12.0 


24.6 


200.2 


988 


16.5 


70.0 


947.0 


1,504.4 


13.6 


24.6 


180 2 


105.6 


16.2 


145.0 


1.010.4 


1.512.5 


12.2 


23.4 


2063 


111.2 


16.9 


120.0 


1,014.0 


1,707.6 


12.5 


24.3 


249.5 


131.7 


21.3 


115.0 


1,143.8 


1,400.7 


14.2 


24.2 


2030 


112.4 


18.2 


10.0 


1,010.7 


1,390.3 


178 


22.2 


211.7 


116.2 


20.6 


10.0 


984.1 


1,480.1 


20.5 


24.3 


209.2 


129.9 


172 


12.0 


1,058.7 


1,146.2 


19.0 


19.9 


148.8 


86.8 


12.2 


15.0 


839.6 


1,441.8 


19.3 


23.9 


268 1 


133.5 


17.3 


10.0 


962.5 


1,557.1 


18.9 


26.3 


269.5 


132.6 


26.7 


23.0 


1.052.7 


1,523.9 


18.8 


34.0 


2636 


120.4 


19.7 


15.0 


1,045.0 


1,518.8 


15.9 


339 


2824 


123.0 


17 3 


35.0 


1,004.2 


1,398.9 


11.4 


26.9 


2079 


108.5 


14.1 


110.0 


912.6 


1,495.1 


12.1 


22.5 


211.7 


117.0 


16.4 


87.0 


1,019.4 


1,600.1 


10.9 


26.4 


2609 


131.7 


19.8 


112.0 


1,028.6 


1,719.7 


11.8 


31.7 


284.6 


143.2 


21.1 


900 


1,127.7 


1.596.8 


12.0 


30.9 


259.7 


134.7 


22.2 


25.0 


1,102.6 



1 Excludes Newfoundland, PEL, Manitoba, the Yukon and the Northwest Territories which, together account for less than 1% of the total. 

Source: Production, Shipments and Stocks on Hand of Sawmills (35-002), (35-003) monthly. Sawmills and Planing Mills (35-204) annual, Statistics Canada. 



Table 13: Pulpwood, wood pulp and newsprint 







Wood 


pulp production? 








Newsprint shipments 




























Year 




Total 










Total 




Export 4 




and 


(thousand 


















Stocks, end 


month 


cunitsl) 


Thousand metric tonnes 






Thousand 


short tons 






of period 


D 


2289 


2300 


2301 


2302 


2293 


2294 


2295 


2296 


2297 


2298 


1976 


15,093 


17,590.2 


6,843.4 


10,687.2 


6,756 


8,915 


8,712 


885 


7,827 


299 


1977 


1 5,603 


17,763.7 


6,803.1 


10,935.2 


6.715 


8,988 


9,005 


909 


8,096 


282 


1976 J 


1,483 


1,623.0 


615.0 


1,005.9 


643.8 


813.5 


824.6 


84.3 


740.3 


233.7 


J 


1,695 


1,576.4 


6289 


945.4 


536.5 


813.3 


735.0 


71.7 


663.3 


312.1 


A 


1,628 


1,617.1 


610.0 


1,004.3 


680.7 


8249 


8039 


67.7 


736.2 


333.1 


S 


1,731 


1,4508 


600.6 


847.6 


566.7 


760.1 


748.6 


71.2 


677.4 


344.6 


O 


1.566 


1,591.7 


633.3 


9563 


566.7 


837.5 


813.4 


83.0 


730.5 


368.6 


N 


1,417 


1,543.6 


6050 


936.9 


572.4 


794.1 


812.6 


95.7 


717.0 


350.1 


D 


1,221 


1 ,44 1 . 1 


587.9 


818.1 


516.6 


717.8 


7690 


82.2 


6868 


298.9 


1977 J 


1,078 


1,441.9 


544.9 


8958 


492.6 


732.7 


652.9 


69.1 


583.8 


378.7 


F 


1,146 


1,423.6 


5189 


9030 


586.4 


689.7 


648.4 


61.4 


587.1 


420.0 


M 


1,048 


1,574.9 


564.0 


1.008.9 


592.9 


7262 


7338 


78.6 


655.3 


412.3 


A 


630 


1,418.2 


553.0 


863.7 


569.4 


7322 


7288 


76.6 


652.2 


415.6 


M 


891 


1,524.8 


563.0 


9604 


600.4 


755.1 


746.7 


84.4 


662.2 


424.1 


J 


1,594 


1,608.4 


561.6 


1,045.1 


615.8 


760.4 


768.0 


83.3 


684.7 


416.5 


J 


1,612 


1,444.1 


538.3 


903.1 


517.9 


721.0 


7297 


62.4 


667.3 


407.8 


A 


1,702 


1,538.8 


593.9 


942.3 


601.6 


782.8 


756.9 


78.9 


678.1 


433.6 


S 


1,759 


1,336.3 


553.4 


780.1 


432.6 


712.8 


738.2 


75.8 


662.4 


408.1 


O 


1,494 


1,538.0 


629.4 


906.0 


622.3 


839.8 


8559 


824 


773.6 


392.0 


N 


1,471 


1,524.8 


613.5 


9088 


489.3 


8345 


8103 


81.3 


729.1 


4162 


D 


1,178 


1.390.0 


569.3 


818.1 


593.5 


701.1 


835 1 


74.9 


760.2 


282.1 


1978 J 


1,033 


1,470.9 


582.8 


886.2 


516.6 


811.0 


721.0 


75.0 


646.0 


372.0 


F 


1,216 


1,505.7 


572.7 


9299 


5964 


767.0 


6880 


81.0 


606.0 


452.0 


M 


1,165 


1,610.9 


621.2 


986.5 


569.2 


826.0 


9270 


96.0 


831.0 


350.0 


A 


689 


1.581.9 


609 7 


968.7 


617.5 


834.0 


7980 


81.0 


718.0 


386.0 


M 




1,593.3 


617.3 


972.8 















1 100 cu. ft. of solid wood: pulpwood produced for domestic use and excluding exports, but including receipts of purchased roundwood. 2Total pulp production covers "screen- 
ings" which are already included in exports "Screenings" are excluded throughout from mechanical and chemical pulp. 3Customs exports 4 Mill shipments destined tor 
export 

Sources: Pulpwood and Wood Residue Statistics (25-001), Exports by Commodities (65-004), Statistics Canada; Bulletins of the Canadian Pulp and Paper Associa- 
tion: "Monthly Pulp Summary" and "Monthly Newsprint Statistics". 



81 



Section 6-Table 14 

Table 14: Primary iron and steel (thousand tons) 



July 1978 



Year 

and 

month 



Primary production!. 2 



Net shipments of steel shapes to consuming industries2.3,4 
(Rolled steel products only) 



Steel 



Pig 
iron 



Ferro 
alloys 



Ingots 
incl. 
conti- 
nuous 
Total cast 



Castings 



Net 

total 



Steel 
Service 
Centres, 
other 
whole- 
salers 
& ware- 
houses 



Motor 

vehicles 

and 

parts 



Railway 
operating 



Railroad 

cars and 

locomo- 

tive2 



Steel Metal Contrac- 

Ship- tabri- building tors 

building cation systems products 



2309 



2310 



2311 



2312 



2313 



345166 345167 



345169 



345171 345172 345173 



1976 
1977 

1976 M 
J 
J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 

1977 J 
F 
M 
A 
M 
J 
J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 

1978 J 

F 
M 
A 



10,586.3 
10,649 3 

936.5 
888.0 
809.9 
9234 
922.4 
8854 
8759 
917.8 

939.8 
885.4 
991.6 
8597 
8859 
8283 
831.1 
926.3 
879 1 
916.3 
852.0 
853.8 

951.1 
8934 
977.5 
956.4 



247.9 14,689.6 14,506.0 
213.0 15,025.5 14,861.3 



22.1 
26.6 
19.8 
22.0 
31.5 
17 3 
15.2 
21 .5 

16.4 
14.0 
25.1 
18.1 
17.4 
19.7 
15.1 
16.2 
21.2 
15.1 
15.8 
18.9 

15.8 
16.3 
22.8 
25.2 



1.285.1 
1,205.0 
1,251.6 
1,187.2 
1,253.0 
1,226 3 
1,247.9 
1,215.1 

1.233.5 
1,181.8 
1,398.8 
1,219.2 
1,288.1 
1.264.2 
1,147.4 
1,264.5 
1,272.2 
1,312.7 
1,226.4 
1,216.7 

1,324 6 
1,265 3 
1,4190 
1.372.5 



1,268 
1,188.0 
1,242.9 
1,175.1 
1,237.8 
1,213.3 
1,234 6 
1,203.6 

1,222 7 
1,170.6 
1,384.7 
1,205.2 
1,273.0 
1,248.3 
1,137.0 
1,252.6 
1,256.2 
1,297.5 
1,210.7 
1,202.8 

1.311.3 
1,250.3 
1,402.5 
1,357.1 



183.6 
164.2 

17.2 
17.0 
87 
12.1 
15.1 
13.0 
13.3 
11.5 

10.8 
11.2 
14.1 
14.0 
15.1 
15.9 
10.4 
11.9 
16.0 
15.2 
15.7 
13.9 

13.3 
15.0 
16.5 
15.4 



928.3 
1.030.1 
1,182.4 
1,063.4 



118 9 
171 9 
181.3 
173 2 



158 1 
151 1 
179.3 
154 9 



25.7 
21 
189 
196 



5.7 
4.6 
5.4 
5.1 



3.2 


680 


3.2 


76.6 


2.6 


81.5 


27 


867 



Year 
and 
month 



Net shipments ot steel shapes to consuming industries .3,4 
(Rolled steel products only) 





Natural 


























resources 












Wire 












Stamping, 


and 


Agricul- 


Non- 




Industrial 


Pipes 


and 


Containers 


Appliances 




Export 


Export 


pressing, 


extractive 


tural 


electrical 


Electrical 


packaging 


and 


wire 


and 


and 


Miscel- 


to 


to other 


coating 


industries 


equipment 


machinery 


machinery 


equipment 


tubes 


products 


closures 


utensils 


laneous 


USA 


countries 



345174 



345175 



345176 



345182 



345183 



345184 



1976 
1977 

1976 M 
J 
J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 

1977 J 
F 
M 
A 
M 
J 
J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 



1978 J 

F 
M 
A 



42.1 


14 


393 


18 


50.8 


19 


428 


17 



57 


20.3 


4.2 


24.1 


56 


24.8 


4.3 


21.3 



11.0 


16.5 


130 


11 3 


160 


126 


13.0 


188 


148 


11.5 


12 .1 


136 



579 


37 7 


144 


42 


1167 


11.6 


646 


41.9 


139 


49 


131 7 


41.6 


82 6 


466 


175 


142 


146 


41 7 


759 


46 .1 


149 


64 


131 1 


23.6 



lData compiled according to the Steel Distribution Index revised January. 1964 2Figures on net shipments relate to semi finished and rolled steel products only Shipments to 
consuming industries ol castings, forgings and steel pipe are not included 3Excludmg shipments lor re-processing at maker's own plant 4Data compiled as submitted by 
the steel producers according to the steel industry distrubution code 
Source: Primary Iron and Steel (41-001). Statistics Canada 



82 



July 1978 

Table 15: New motor vehicles 



Section 6-Table 15 











New 


motor vehicles 








New motor vehicle 


sales 
























Passenger 


Commercial 














Passi 




















Commerci 


al including 












Canadian 




Canadian 






Total motor vehicles 


coaches 


or buses 






Imports 




Total 


and U S 


Overseas 


and U.S. 


Overseas 












Production 


Shipments 


less 
re-exports 


domestic 
Exports supply' 


manu- 
Total factured 


manu- 
factured 


manu- 
factured 


manu- 


Year 
and 


Production Shipments 


Production 


Shipments 


factured 


month 


( 






Thousand units 






) ( 


Million dollars 


) 


D 


2351 


2352 


2353 


2354 


2355 


2356 


2357 


2360 


2376 


2363 2364 


2365 


2366 


2367 


1976 


1,640.1 


,646 8 


502.8 


501.6 


1,137.3 


1,145.2 


743.10 


884.42 


996.00 7,754.1 4,522.7 


719.2 


2,447.1 


65.0 


1977 


1,775.4 


,773.1 


612.9 


611.8 


1,162.5 


1,161.3 


753.04 


921.45 


994 10 8,545 9 4,864.2 


931.4 


2,673.1 


77.2 


1976 J 


170.21 


165.33 


50.28 


46.73 


119.93 


118.60 


74.12 


9509 


98.96 


832.2 4940 


75.0 


255.8 


7.3 


J 


71.54 


82.29 


30.48 


34.50 


41.06 


47.79 


47.64 


4967 


39.03 


634.7 366.7 


66.4 


196.1 


5.5 


A 


111.97 


103.67 


32.26 


30.48 


79.71 


73.19 


40.79 


49.99 


7051 


569.0 312.6 


626 


189.0 


48 


S 


143.81 


145.31 


43.95 


4845 


99.86 


96.86 


52.12 


7845 


73.53 


438.0 217.8 


70.2 


143.8 


6.2 


O 


111.83 


123.64 


33.69 


36.84 


78.14 


86.80 


60.93 


5900 


80.07 


844.2 513.6 


60.6 


264.2 


5.7 


N 


157.44 


151.21 


4901 


4662 


108.43 


104 59 


81 22 


7849 


111.16 


626.7 375.5 


57.8 


188.2 


5.2 


D 


131.11 


137.07 


41.52 


41.85 


89.59 


95.22 


59.66 


78.04 


71.21 


583.1 358.3 


45.7 


175.1 


3.9 


1977 J 


144.77 


139.22 


46.48 


44.33 


98.29 


94.89 


45.64 


74.55 


6938 


598.3 3628 


422 


188.9 


4.2 


F 


143.59 


13502 


47.22 


4649 


96.37 


88.53 


6042 


77 94 


78.85 


609 4 361.4 


52.6 


191.2 


4.2 


M 


193.80 


197 68 


61.58 


61.90 


132.22 


135.77 


77.30 


101 94 


107.58 


807.5 462.8 


836 


254.6 


6.5 


A 


167.31 


163.81 


53.66 


50.48 


113.65 


113.33 


77.47 


92.67 


98.45 


788. 1 464. 1 


92.2 


225.5 


6.4 


M 


171.08 


174.30 


54.47 


54.78 


116.61 


119.52 


83.54 


9054 


109.61 


875.6 506.4 


102.8 


259.1 


7.3 


J 


187.74 


186 63 


57.80 


57.24 


129.94 


129.39 


69.12 


103 64 


95.42 


854.2 4913 


988 


256.0 


8.1 


J 


106.61 


113.52 


40.67 


41.63 


65.94 


71.89 


52.63 


72.88 


4569 


681.5 376.5 


83.7 


214.4 


7.0 


A 


67.87 


64 84 


20.47 


2076 


47 40 


44.08 


40.79 


29.71 


5848 


684.1 363.1 


87.6 


225.6 


7.8 


S 


136.87 


139 60 


55.77 


56.13 


81.10 


83.46 


52.44 


6049 


7305 


555.8 2918 


74.7 


181.7 


7.7 





153.16 


152.43 


61.07 


63 00 


92.08 


8944 


7396 


66.24 


99 80 


8474 493.2 


74.2 


273.9 


6.2 


N 


171.18 


16579 


64.44 


61.34 


106.74 


104.45 


63.31 


7889 


91.16 


704.2 405.9 


74.8 


217.3 


6 1 


D 


131.46 


140 29 


49.29 


53.72 


82.17 


86.57 


56.42 


71 96 


6663 


539.6 284.9 


64.1 


184.9 


5.7 


1978 J 


135.23 


131.44 


51.08 


48.95 


84.15 


82.49 


32.41 


63.91 


52.65 


575.8 318.7 


54 1 


198.5 


4.6 


F 


146.84 


138.54 


57.61 


55.01 


8923 


83.53 


40.27 


70 16 


5934 


660 1 373.2 


67.5 


214.4 


4.9 


M 


178.90 


183.86 


66.75 


69.97 


112.15 


113.89 


4270 


77.95 


80.86 


830.6 462.0 


94.1 


268.0 


6.6 


A 


169.32 


162.12 


62.79 


61.25 


106.53 


100.87 




83.65 




9310 531.1 


103.4 


2892 


7.4 


M 


176.71 


173.69 


64.68 


63.83 


112.03 


109 86 






1,082.3 626.9 


108.4 


338.7 


8.4 
















New motor vehicle sales 
























Passenger 








Commerc 


al 












Manufactured 










Canadian 






Total 




Total 




Canadian 


and US 


Overseas manufactured 


Total 




and U.S. 


Overseas 


























manu- 
factured 


manu- 


Year 
and 


Unad|. 




S.A. 


Unad| 


S.A 


Unad| 


S.A. 


Unad], 


S.A. 


Unadj 


S.A. 


factured 


month 














Units 












D 


2368 




4970 


2373 


4975 


2369 


4971 


2370 


4972 


2374 


4973 


2371 


2372 


1976 


1,291,463 




946,488 




793,201 




I 53.287 




344,975 




331,027 


13,948 


1977 


1,344,959 




991,398 




797,752 




193,646 




353,561 




337,914 


15,647 


1976 J 


140,075 


111,594 103,478 


81,841 


87.344 


68.783 


16,134 


13,058 


36,597 


29,753 


34,971 


1,626 


J 


107,004 


105,882 


78,933 


78,166 


64,658 


65,470 


14,275 


12,696 


28,071 


27,716 


26,903 


1,168 


A 


95,851 


106,886 


68.955 


78,254 


55,403 


66,158 


13,552 


12,096 


26,896 


28,632 


25,847 


1,049 


S 


73,954 


87,233 


54,181 


63,752 


38.682 


50,401 


15,499 


13,351 


19,773 


23,481 


18,466 


1,307 





138,645 


124,268 101,450 


87,262 


88.292 


73,522 


13,158 


13,740 


37,195 


37.006 


35,968 


1,227 


N 


102,570 


106,428 


75.879 


77,967 


63,519 


64,107 


12,360 


13,860 


26,691 


28,461 


25,594 


1,097 


D 


92,769 


120,110 


68,649 


89.362 


59.468 


75,882 


9,181 


13,480 


24,120 


30.748 


23,267 


853 


1977 J 


93,760 


120,328 


68,426 


90,158 


59,590 


75.952 


8,836 


14,206 


25,334 


30,170 


24,446 


888 


F 


97,389 


119,758 


71,022 


89,776 


60,199 


75,059 


10.823 


14,717 


26,367 


29,982 


25,478 


889 


M 


128,528 


119,309 


94,144 


88,610 


76,518 


71.685 


1 7,626 


16,925 


34,384 


30,699 


33,020 


1,364 


A 


127,314 


108,222 


96,467 


81,158 


76,934 


64,250 


19,533 


16,908 


30,847 


27,064 


29,494 


1,353 


M 


139,916 


111,012 104,740 


82,474 


82,669 


65,049 


22,071 


17,425 


35,176 


28,538 


33,635 


1,541 


J 


135,445 


105,840 101,434 


78,790 


80,148 


62,014 


21,286 


16,776 


34,01 1 


27,050 


32,362 


1,649 


J 


108,760 


113,104 


79,562 


82,388 


61,802 


66,097 


1 7,760 


16,291 


29,198 


30,716 


27,799 


1,399 


A 


107,668 


112,088 


78,093 


82,755 


59,471 


66,381 


1 8,622 


16,374 


29,575 


29,333 


27,971 


1,604 


S 


87,443 


108,245 


63,470 


78,944 


48,308 


65,741 


15,162 


13,203 


23,973 


29,301 


22,433 


1,540 


O 


131,677 


113,947 


97,826 


81,960 


83,065 


66,620 


14,761 


15,340 


33,851 


31,987 


32,643 


1,208 


N 


107,291 


112,203 


79,052 


81.319 


64,394 


64,898 


14,658 


16,421 


28,239 


30,884 


27,060 


1,179 


D 


79,768 


105,424 


57,162 


76.426 


44,654 


57,463 


12,508 


18,963 


22,606 


28.998 


21.573 


1,033 


1978 J 


84,357 


109,554 


59,945 


79,993 


49,639 


63.944 


10,306 


16,049 


24,412 


29,561 


23,578 


834 


F 


96,364 


118,910 


70,420 


89.385 


57.796 


72,111 


12,624 


1 7,274 


25,944 


29.525 


25,049 


895 


M 


121,294 


113,383 


88,426 


83,934 


71,595 


67,586 


16,831 


16,348 


32,868 


29,449 


31.663 


1.205 


A 


136,990 


116,576 101,004 


83,520 


82,147 


66,578 


18,857 


1 6,942 


35,986 


33,056 


34.683 


1,303 


M 


151,884 


114,187 109,738 


82.132 


90,106 


66.886 


19.632 


15,246 


42,146 


32,055 


40,671 


1,475 



'Production plus imports less re-exports, minus exports. 

Sources: Motor Vehicle Shipments (42-002), New Motor Vehicle Sales (63-007), Imports by Commodities (65-007), Exports by Commodities (65-004), Statistics Canada. 



83 



Sect 


ion 


6-Tabl 


3s 16 a 


id 17 
























July 1978 


Tabl 


e 16: Refrigerators, 


freezers 


washi 


ng machines and 


clothes 


dryers (thousand units) 








- 




Year 




Mechanical refrigerators, 
domestic type! 


Freezers, domestic type 
home and farm 


Refrigerators 

& freezers, 

household type 7 




Domestic 


washing machinesS 




Clothes dryers 




and 
montr 


Pro- 
duction 


Sales3 


Factory 
stocks* 


Pro- 
duction 


Sales 


Factory 
stocks 4 


Imports 


Exports 


Pro- 
ductions 


Sales2.6 


Factory 
stocks"-6 


Imports 


Exports 


Pro- 
duction 


Sales? 


Factory 
stocks 4 




D 


2385 


339995 


2387 


2395 


339996 


2397 


2388 


2389 


2390 


2391 


2392 


2393 


2394 


2398 


2399 


2400 


1976 




501.87 


498.85 


79.39 


405.3 


357.25 


58.67 


82.50 


9.04 


506.0 


488.81 


80.81 


100.01 


30.01 


363.1 


344.46 


70.83 


1977 




530.30 


512.38 


84.59 


2557 


272.74 


33.19 


96.94 


9.49 


X 


444.98 


71.83 


109 98 


42.52 


X 


X 


X 


1976 


J 


43.73 


48.12 


120.50 


3890 


34.15 


6834 


6.80 


1.30 


41.80 


40.59 


101.07 


9.17 


0.92 


29.55 


22.49 


88.10 




J 


19.52 


46.47 


92.70 


25.47 


35.07 


59.74 


9.18 


0.91 


25.90 


44.37 


82.18 


4.37 


3.41 


17.23 


27.26 


78.00 




A 


32.72 


4049 


86.66 


2006 


25.03 


54.09 


6.15 


1.65 


33.22 


44.86 


6972 


6.45 


3.32 


25.07 


32.04 


71.38 




S 


48.82 


54.10 


80.50 


31.66 


31.84 


55.36 


5.60 


0.31 


48.14 


51.34 


66.77 


10.47 


2.62 


38.00 


37.12 


72.00 







31.27 


3903 


78.72 


32.78 


27.79 


54.16 


6.36 


0.36 


44.68 


45.21 


65.93 


946 


3.25 


31.61 


36.17 


66.38 




N 


40.22 


38.05 


79.24 


2548 


20.00 


58.59 


6.23 


0.33 


46.70 


45.14 


68.83 


9.10 


2.97 


36.36 


36.49 


67.23 




D 


42.76 


40.54 


79.39 


11.17 


14.15 


58.67 


6 89 


0.27 


48.94 


37.66 


80.81 


8.88 


2.16 


35.65 


32.09 


70.83 


1977 


J 


34 84 


32.77 


8321 


12.93 


16.52 


55.10 


715 


1.87 


43.24 


31.53 


89 40 


6.00 


3.68 


34.05 


26.96 


77.84 




F 


39.22 


34 03 


9229 


1910 


15.61 


57 59 


9.07 


0.67 


43.13 


33.65 


97.89 


8.07 


1.54 


30.69 


26.82 


81.61 




M 


47.74 


42.13 


95.79 


23.27 


17.82 


62.16 


10.33 


0.54 


4003 


33.72 


99.31 


12.22 


2.53 


3021 


25.20 


86.75 




A 


50.09 


39.51 


104 36 


18.27 


17.96 


62.51 


7.67 


0.60 


41.22 


33.55 


102 64 


6.16 


2.56 


2260 


23.23 


86.55 




M 


51.13 


39.01 


112.76 


18.81 


2293 


57 82 


6.15 


0.51 


3342 


33.31 


9823 


10.52 


4.02 


25.01 


20.86 


90.67 




J 


57.67 


56.74 


112.23 


23.83 


30.89 


50.07 


9.61 


0.69 


37.61 


42.08 


97 49 


10.21 


5.84 


25.36 


3075 


94.68 




J 


3046 


48.26 


9292 


15.59 


29 08 


32.83 


10.12 


0.28 


17.58 


37.90 


7498 


7.32 


3.51 


12.96 


27.91 


- 80.13 




A 


40.39 


43.59 


85.25 


23.04 


32.38 


24.93 


10.53 


1.11 


27 98 


38.83 


67.14 


11.06 


4.26 


14.70 


28.33 


71.24 




S 


51.37 


55.00 


81.94 


26.77 


3061 


19.59 


7.04 


1.21 


X 


49.52 


65.61 


7.09 


3.02 


X 


X 


X 







44.04 


41 60 


83.48 


2644 


23.82 


21.47 


7.67 


0.88 


X 


44.09 


61.43 


12.22 


1.46 


X 


X 


X 




N 


4286 


42.11 


81.88 


2884 


21.33 


2808 


623 


062 


38.19 


36.97 


64.50 


11 52 


4.29 


X 


X 


X 




D 


4049 


37.63 


8459 


18.81 


13.79 


33.19 


5.37 


0.52 


38.15 


29.83 


71.83 


7.59 


5.82 


X 


X 


X 


1978 J 


35.96 


3020 


9039 


23.41 


13.22 


43.18 


4.95 


1.39 


38.04 


X 


8039 


9.37 


2.51 


X 


X 


X 




F 


41.46 


37.67 


9591 


24.62 


17.96 


49.92 


6.79 


0.65 


3949 


X 


8472 


620 


4.35 


X 


X 


X 




M 


43.67 


3927 


9978 


25.17 


16.93 


5850 


5.27 


1.15 


45.79 


34.51 


90.75 


4.87 


6.18 


X 


24.81 


X 




A 


4909 


4253 


105.48 


25.91 


19.48 


64.59 






X 


34.84 


9681 






X 


X 


X 




M 


43.07 


42.40 


106 12 


27.80 


23 64 


6823 






X 


32.67 


98.45 






X 


X 


X 



'Gas types are included 2|ncludes producers' shipments tor export 3|n some cases these shipments are not at the factory level, and stocks at beginning of month plus 
production less shipments do not equal stocks at end of month 4 End of period ^Electric and other &Excludes apartment type machines 7 Excludes other than elec- 
tric. Sources: Domestic Refrigerators and Freezers (43-001), Domestic Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers (43-002), Exports by Commodities (65-004), Imports 
by Commodities (65-007), Statistics Canada. 

Table 17: Radio and television receiving sets (thousand units) 











Manufacturers sales of 


made-in-Canada" sets 








Import s5 






Radio 








Television 


receivers3 














phnnn- 
























Year 


graph 


















Colour 






and 


combi- 




Atlantic 














TV 


Radio Television 


month 


nations! .2 


Total 


prov 


Que 


Ont 


Man 


Sask 


Alta 


BC 


sets 4 


sets 


sets 


D 


2409 


2411 


2412 


2413 


2414 


2415 


2416 


2417 


2418 


2421 


2419 


2420 


1976 


X 


X 


38 7 


1 28 5 


167 1 


X 


X 


X 


335 


393.2 


5,586.4 


1.044.7 


1977 


X 


X 


26.9 


81 


1289 


17 9 


X 


X 


295 


2954 


4.9964 


961.6 


1976 M 


48 


25.8 


23 


7.0 


93 


2.0 


1.2 


20 


2 1 


23.4 


3758 


662 


J 


5.3 


34.3 


26 


11.2 


12.7 


1.8 


0.9 


2.5 


26 


31.7 


427.6 


860 


J 


39 


280 


2.5 


10.0 


8.9 


2.0 


09 


1.6 


2 1 


25.2 


441 6 


70 9 


A 


82 


35.5 


3.2 


11.6 


129 


1.7 


0.9 


24 


29 


32.3 


5050 


101 8 


S 


142 


56.0 


5.2 


15.6 


21.1 


34 


2 1 


4 1 


44 


507 


611 7 


136 


O 


13.1 


444 


40 


11.7 


170 


2.9 


2.3 


3.0 


3.5 


41.4 


7138 


114.1 


N 


14.4 


41.7 


4.0 


105 


16.0 


2.5 


X 


X 


3.0 


389 


5995 


1300 


D 


8.5 


X 


30 


11.0 


174 


X 


X 


X 


3 1 


369 


5203 


904 


1977 J 


5.4 


X 


1.7 


7.8 


11 1 


1 5 


X 


X 


30 


25.5 


3705 


78.6 


F 


5.2 


30.1 


2.5 


9.0 


10.4 


2.3 


1.1 


22 


2.6 


277 


3768 


849 


M 


36 


254 


2.7 


8.1 


88 


16 


1.0 


09 


23 


23 


4652 


72 6 


A 


40 


23.1 


2.3 


6.0 


10 


1.0 


1 


19 


1.8 


20 8 


301 2 


635 


M 


26 


208 


2.1 


5.7 


78 


1 1 


0.1 


1.4 


1 9 


19 


4584 


829 


J 


5.0 


32.2 


19 


7.7 


160 


1.5 


0.8 


2.0 


23 


275 


430 7 


958 


J 


3.1 


19.1 


1.0 


42 


8 7 


7 


06 


19 


20 


17.9 


445 4 


66 1 


A 


6.3 


26.2 


2.3 


6.5 


96 


16 


0.8 


27 


27 


242 


4800 


1073 


S 


X 


34.3 


3.8 


7.2 


130 


1.7 


2.2 


2.8 


36 


32.2 


4565 


948 


O 


10.4 


286 


24 


77 


106 


1.7 


1.3 


22 


21 


273 


457 6 


884 


N 


X 


308 


2.3 


6.8 


13.1 


1.8 


1.1 


30 


27 


300 


4068 


746 


D 


7.6 


21.7 


1.9 


4.3 


98 


1.4 


1.0 


1.4 


1 9 


203 


3473 


52 1 


1978 J 


42 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


12.0 


2708 


41.4 


F 


3.7 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


12 4 


3528 


498 


M 


3.8 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


12.1 


2642 


52.5 


A 


28 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


X 


150 







llncludes producers shipments for export 2R a dio phonograph combinations 3Excludes producers' shipments for export 4 lncluded with total television receivers 

''Customs clearance: radio sets include all types, television sets include colour and black and white Sources: Radio and Television Receiving Sets (43-004): Imports 
by Commodities (65-007). Statistics Canada. 



84 



Section 7 ■ Fuel, Power, Mining 

86 1. Electric Energy 

86 2. Electric Energy Available, by Province 

87 3. Coal and Coke 

87 4. Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Natural Gas 

88 5. Statistics of Refined Petroleum Products 

89 6. Metals 

90 7. Non-metallic Minerals 



85 



Section 7-Tables 1 and 2 

Table 1: Electric energy (million kilowatt hours) 



July 1978 



Year 






Net generation 










Available? 




month 


Hydraulicl 


Thermal! 


Total! 


Utilities2 


Industnes2 


Net exports! 


Total 


Primary 


Secondary 


D 


2437 


2438 


2439 


2440 


2441 


2442 


2443 


2444 


2445 



1976 


213,046 


80,318 


293,364 


264,035 


29,329 


12,732 


284,214 


280,100 


4,114 


1977 


220,154 


96,394 


316,548 


279,804 


36,744 


17,190 


299,357 


294,670 


4,687 


1976 M 


18,828 


4,697 


23,525 


20,534 


2,991 


964 


22,785 


22.351 


434 


J 


16,542 


5,643 


22,185 


20,202 


1,983 


918 


21,408 


21.090 


318 


J 


15,799 


5,401 


21,200 


19,272 


1.928 


793 


20,634 


20,334 


300 


A 


15,706 


5,965 


21,671 


19,862 


1,809 


836 


21,098 


20,792 


306 


S 


15,401 


6,160 


21,561 


19,683 


1,878 


975 


20,825 


20,550 


275 


O 


17,308 


7,308 


24,616 


22,512 


2,104 


1,466 


23,360 


23,115 


245 


N 


1 7,707 


8,431 


26,138 


24,023 


2,115 


1,449 


25,060 


24,792 


268 


D 


19,775 


9,692 


29,467 


26,705 


2,762 


1,435 


28,528 


28,192 


336 


1977 J 


20,116 


10,734 


30,850 


27,561 


3,289 


1.288 


29,562 


29,203 


359 


F 


17,169 


9,431 


26,600 


23,638 


2,962 


936 


25.663 


25.365 


298 


M 


19,027 


8,460 


27,487 


24,445 


3,042 


937 


26,551 


26,228 


323 


A 


18,271 


6,782 


25,053 


22,199 


2,854 


1,257 


23,795 


23,252 


543 


M 


17,419 


6,760 


24,179 


21,153 


3.026 


1,040 


23.139 


22,780 


359 


J 


16,526 


6,729 


23,255 


20,270 


2.985 


912 


22.343 


21.964 


379 


J 


16,479 


7,340 


23,819 


20.951 


2,868 


1,901 


21,919 


21.569 


350 


A 


16,944 


7,500 


24,444 


21,442 


3,002 


1,638 


22,806 


22.454 


352 


S 


16,527 


7,077 


23,604 


20,683 


2,921 


1,112 


22,492 


22.135 


357 


O 


19,305 


7,269 


26,574 


23,321 


3.253 


1.743 


24,831 


24,403 


428 


N 


20,259 


8,107 


28.366 


25,134 


3.232 


1.937 


26,429 


25,983 


446 


D 


22,112 


10,205 


32,317 


29,007 


3.310 


2,489 


29,827 


29,334 


493 


1978 J 


22,416 


10,928 


33,344 


29,887 


3,457 


2.239 


31,106 


30,679 


427 


F 


20,286 


9.948 


30,234 


27,114 


3,120 


2,318 


27.916 


27,517 


399 


M 


20,614 


10,132 


30.746 


27,472 


3,274 


2.116 


28,630 


28.201 


429 


A 


18,641 


7,783 


26,424 


23,426 


2.998 


1,071 


25.353 


24,997 


356 



'Less imports 2Total net generation less next exports. 
Note Monthly data includes all producers ot electric energy who generate 20 GW h or more per year Annual data may include revisions not available on a monthly basis. 
Source: Electric Power Statistics (57-001), Statistics Canada, Electric Power Statistics Volume II (57-202), Statistics Canada. 

Table 2: Electric energy available, by province (million kilowatt hours) 



Year 
























Yukon 


and 
























and 


month 


Canada 


Nfld. 


P.E.I 


N.S. 


N.B. 


Que 


Ont 


Man 


Sask 


Alta. 


BC 


N.WT 


D 


2455 


2456 


2457 


2458 


2459 


2460 


2461 


2462 


2463 


2464 


2465 


2466 


1976 


284.214 


7,085 


445 


6.036 


7,606 


94.221 


95,935 


12.306 


7.377 


16.092 


36.438 


673 


1977 


299,357 


7,672 


452 


6,124 


7,990 


101.633 


98.409 


12.369 


8,084 


17.504 


38.383 


737 


1976 M 


22,785 


578 


33 


481 


588 


7.932 


7.503 


895 


547 


1.254 


2.917 


57 


J 


21,408 


509 


33 


442 


563 


6.935 


7.474 


832 


536 


1.246 


2.792 


46 


J 


20,634 


489 


35 


431 


546 


6.304 


7.260 


854 


545 


1.274 


2.846 


50 


A 


21,098 


491 


36 


438 


553 


6,549 


7.468 


840 


561 


1,268 


2.851 


43 


S 


20.825 


502 


35 


455 


564 


6.490 


7.330 


827 


561 


1.262 


2,752 


47 


O 


23,360 


594 


37 


508 


650 


7,467 


7.982 


962 


624 


1.365 


3.117 


54 


N 


25,060 


638 


43 


549 


754 


7.950 


8.593 


1.098 


672 


1.422 


3,284 


57 


D 


28,528 


742 


39 


614 


798 


9.716 


9.437 


1.373 


789 


1.576 


3.377 


67 


1977 J 


29.562 


719 


43 


614 


818 


1 0,004 


9.819 


1,465 


807 


1.598 


3.606 


69 


F 


25,663 


643 


37 


555 


716 


8.790 


8,533 


1.161 


651 


1.479 


3.038 


60 


M 


26.551 


656 


39 


574 


723 


9,118 


8.669 


1.102 


702 


1.501 


3.404 


63 


A 


23,795 


635 


35 


518 


673 


8.227 


7.753 


916 


594 


1.335 


3.049 


60 


M 


23,139 


628 


35 


485 


629 


7,683 


7.682 


868 


615 


1.370 


3.085 


59 


J 


22,343 


561 


34 


471 


593 


7.371 


7.501 


828 


609 


1.369 


2.952 


54 


J 


21,919 


536 


36 


446 


527 


7.089 


7.553 


809 


568 


1.325 


2.975 


55 


A 


22,806 


561 


38 


456 


590 


7,699 


7.651 


815 


623 


1.392 


2.927 


54 


S 


22,492 


553 


36 


443 


571 


7,637 


7.441 


844 


624 


1.349 


2.938 


56 


O 


24,831 


655 


38 


475 


681 


8.558 


7.980 


971 


662 


1,451 


3.298 


62 


N 


26,429 


700 


38 


507 


684 


9.065 


8.434 


1.162 


740 


1,575 


3.454 


70 


D 


29,827 


825 


43 


580 


785 


10.392 


9.393 


1.428 


889 


1.760 


3.657 


75 


1978 J 


31,106 


842 


44 


604 


786 


10.934 


9.961 


1.486 


891 


1.759 


3.721 


78 


F 


27,916 


765 


39 


548 


735 


9.958 


8.942 


1.262 


771 


1.538 


3.292 


66 


M 


28,630 


787 


41 


579 


765 


10.175 


9.212 


1.219 


753 


1.587 


3.443 


69 


A 


25,353 


612 


38 


529 


679 


8,870 


8.252 


1.011 


641 


1.426 


3.233 


62 



Note Monthly data includes all producers ot electric energy who generate 20 GW h or more per year Annual data may include revisions not available on a monthly basis 
Source: Electric Power Statistics (57-001), Statistics Canada, Electric Power Statistics Volume II (57-202). Statistics Canada. 



86 



July 1978 

Table 3: Coal and coke (thousand tons) 



Section 7-Tables 3 and 4 











Coal 


production 














Available 




Year 




Sub- 


















and 


Bitu- 


bitu- 




















lor con- 


Coke 


month 


minous 


minous 


Lignite 


Total 


N,S. 


N.B 


Sask 


Alta 


B.C. 


Imports 


Exports 


sumption 


production 


D 


2479 


2480 


2481 


2482 


2483 


2484 


2485 


2486 


2487 


2488 


2489 


2490 


2491 


1976 


15,874 


7,067 


5,154 


28,095 


2,205 


327 


5,155 


12,135 


8,273 


15,970 


12,965 


31,100 


5,830 


1977 


16,867 


8,708 


6,040 


31.615 


2.386 


306 


6,040 


13.421 


9,462 


14,621 


13,302 


32,934 


5,408 


1976 M 


1,148 


462 


328 


1,938 


250 


28 


328 


951 


381 


2,102 


1,317 


2,723 


501 


J 


774 


412 


260 


1,446 


203 


31 


260 


875 


77 


2,583 


1,378 


2.651 


459 


J 


1,005 


582 


152 


1,739 


234 


14 


152 


897 


442 


1,371 


706 


2,404 


503 


A 


1,215 


525 


364 


2.104 


219 


26 


364 


861 


634 


1,426 


303 


3,227 


505 


S 


1,259 


521 


483 


2.263 


115 


14 


483 


887 


764 


1,605 


1,108 


2,760 


504 


O 


1,557 


591 


538 


2.686 


141 


31 


538 


1,079 


897 


1,792 


1.125 


3,353 


515 


N 


1.587 


687 


687 


2.961 


187 


31 


688 


1,141 


914 


1,587 


886 


3,662 


474 


D 


1,521 


786 


691 


2.998 


225 


26 


691 


1,279 


777 


1,214 


1,383 


2,829 


493 


1977 J 


1,345 


718 


587 


2,650 


141 


25 


587 


1,030 


867 


236 


1,321 


1,565 


416 


F 


1,493 


844 


576 


2.913 


214 


30 


576 


1,211 


882 


73 


849 


2,137 


443 


M 


1,643 


919 


568 


3,130 


205 


27 


568 


1,340 


990 


34 


1,315 


1.849 


490 


A 


1,360 


727 


495 


2,582 


150 


24 


495 


1,114 


799 


1,154 


1.015 


2,721 


445 


M 


1,591 


702 


467 


2,760 


219 


18 


467 


1,139 


917 


794 


794 


2,760 


468 


J 


1,537 


496 


509 


2.542 


191 


19 


509 


984 


839 


1,527 


1.527 


2.542 


430 


J 


1,307 


580 


378 


2,265 


218 


26 


378 


762 


881 


2,187 


1.201 


3,251 


420 


A 


1,105 


588 


529 


2.222 


170 


33 


529 


978 


512 


1.623 


1,071 


2,774 


422 


S 


1,400 


759 


478 


2,637 


231 


31 


478 


1.204 


693 


2.241 


1.072 


3.806 


461 





1,452 


622 


397 


2,471 


216 


25 


397 


980 


853 


2.320 


1.310 


3,481 


423 


N 


1,379 


831 


441 


2,651 


209 


28 


441 


1,280 


693 


1.444 


1.041 


3.054 


443 


D 


1,255 


922 


615 


2,792 


222 


20 


615 


1,399 


536 


988 


786 


2,994 


547 


1978 J 


1,274 


880 


592 


2,746 


282 


32 


592 


1,267 


573 


99 


1,404 


1,441 


421 


F 


1,533 


741 


630 


2,904 


269 


30 


630 


1,134 


841 


10 


1,124 


1,790 


387 


M 


1,439 


887 


524 


2,850 


256 


27 


524 


1,376 


667 


11 


943 


1.918 


390 


A 






















1.383 







Note: Annual data may include revisions not available on a monthly basis 

Sources: Coal and Coke Statistics (45-002) monthly, Coal Mines (26-206) annual, Exports by Commodities (65-004), monthly, Statistics Canada. 

Table 4: Supply and disposition of crude oil and natural gasi 























Natural 


gas 


















































Domestic 


Total 




Sales 












Net 






























domestic 




Total 


to 


to 


produc- 


market- 




Resi- 


Com- 


Indus- 






Year 




production 


Imports 


supply 


refineries 


U.S.A. 


tions 


able gas 


Total 


dential 


mercial 


trial 


Exports 


Imports 


month 




Million barrels ot 35 Canadian gals. 










Million 


met 










D 


2505 


2506 


2507 


2508 


2509 


2510 


2511 


2512 


2513 


2515 


2514 


2516 


2517 


1976 




525.8 


263.8 


789.6 


620.7 


171.6 


3,462.1 


2,598.8 


1,370.9 


312.7 


295.0 


763.2 


953.6 


4.05 


1977 




5296 


244.4 


774.0 


656.5 


119.3 


3,616.7 


2.617.5 


1,431.1 


3139 


348.7 


7685 


1.004.0 


- 


1976 


M 


41.5 


27.0 


68.5 


52.4 


15.5 


315.2 


2428 


146.1 


40.5 


376 


680 


83.9 


0.87 




A 


37.9 


24.0 


61.9 


48.5 


15.3 


290.9 


210.5 


117.5 


29.4 


27.5 


606 


83.9 


0.60 




M 


44.9 


25.1 


70.0 


53.3 


15.1 


281.8 


202 1 


98 5 


19.5 


18.8 


602 


81.7 


1.06 




J 


474 


25.0 


72.4 


56.6 


15.1 


2659 


186 3 


79.6 


11.8 


11.3 


56.5 


75.8 


0.58 




J 


43.0 


25.6 


68.6 


56.9 


13.9 


262.7 


182.3 


70.0 


8.6 


8.7 


52.7 


72.5 


- 




A 


41.7 


22.6 


64.3 


53.2 


14.2 


2569 


179.5 


698 


7.5 


7.9 


54.4 


75.2 


0.28 




S 


40.8 


12.2 


53.0 


40.3 


13.6 


2494 


175.1 


806 


8.8 


10.4 


61 4 


73.1 


- 




O 


46.2 


17.5 


63.7 


48.2 


12.9 


294.0 


216.8 


102.8 


17.2 


17.3 


68.3 


83.3 


0.18 




N 


44.5 


20.7 


65.2 


55.1 


12.8 


303.4 


237.1 


131.3 


29.3 


29.7 


72.3 


79.9 


0.16 




D 


52.8 


18.5 


71.3 


56.6 


12.8 


325.1 


271.1 


159.9 


42.6 


39.0 


78.3 


82.8 


- 


1977 


J 


44.2 


22.6 


66.8 


58.4 


10.4 


332.8 


289.5 


181.4 


54.5 


49.5 


77.4 


87.6 


. 




F 


42.1 


19.5 


61.6 


52.4 


9.4 


297.8 


246.0 


158.1 


48.8 


43.8 


65.5 


90.4 


- 




M 


46.1 


23.3 


694 


58.0 


11.2 


331.5 


256 5 


143.1 


36.7 


34.9 


71.5 


988 


- 




A 


399 


17.6 


57.5 


47.6 


10.9 


303.5 


219.7 


123.8 


28.9 


27.4 


67.5 


82.7 


- 




M 


43.1 


21.0 


64.1 


55.3 


9.2 


2989 


217.6 


98 7 


17.0 


17.3 


64.4 


846 


- 




J 


46.1 


24.1 


70.2 


60.3 


9.5 


2693 


190.5 


85.6 


10.4 


10.9 


64.3 


75.2 


- 




J 


39.0 


18.5 


57.5 


49.7 


9.1 


2645 


184 2 


76.0 


7.4 


8.6 


60.0 


71.4 


- 




A 


45.7 


23.5 


69.2 


59.3 


9.5 


272.5 


191.9 


79.5 


7.4 


8.9 


63.2 


79.6 


- 




S 


39.7 


15.5 


55.2 


46.5 


10.0 


278.0 


195.4 


858 


10.4 


11.3 


64.1 


75.4 


- 




O 


42.5 


18.3 


60.8 


51.3 


9.3 


2992 


219.1 


105.0 


18.0 


69.2 


17.8 


838 


- 




N 


47.8 


17.5 


65.3 


53.9 


10.0 


318.1 


237.7 


124.7 


27.3 


25.5 


71.9 


85.2 


- 




D 


53.4 


23.0 


76.4 


63.8 


10.7 


3506 


169 4 


169.4 


47.1 


41 4 


80.9 


89.3 


- 


1978 


J 


42.4 


18.5 


60.9 


53.6 


8.5 


345.9 


191.2 


191.2 


55.5 


50.8 


84.9 


85.8 


. 




F 


39.9 


19.6 


59.5 


53.0 


8.4 


3020 


252.4 


175.5 


53.6 


48.5 


73.4 


76.3 


001 



Note: Components may not add to totals due to rounding Current tigures in this table are preliminary and therefore subject to revision. 1 Supply and disposition for both 
Crude Oil and Natural Gas will not agree because of losses, inventory changes, pipeline fuel used etc. 2|ncludes crude oil, condensate and pentanes plus. 3Gross new 
production by field less field flared and waste. 
Sources: Crude Petroleum and Natural Gas Production (26-006), Gas Utilities (55-002), Statistics Canada. 



87 



Section 7-Table 5 

Table 5: Statistics of refined petroleum products' (thousand barrels) 



July 1978 















Production 


of saleable 


products3 










Net sales in 


Canada 4 




















Liquefied 












Year 




Total 
















petro- 












and 




refinery 


Total, all 


Motor 


Heavy 


Diesel 


Light 


Aviation 




leum 


Other 


Total all 


Motor 


Heavy 


Diesel 


montti 




receipts2 


products 


gasoline 


fuel oil 


fuel oil 


fuel oi|6 


fue|7 


Asphalt 


gases8 


products 


products 


gasoline 


fuel oil 


fuel oil 




D 


330501 


2532 


2533 


2534 


2535 


2536 


2537 


2538 


2539 


2540 


337115 


333515 


335015 


334415 


1976 




616703 


630,014 


223,163 


115,422 


75,900 


111,148 


26,640 


17,398 


12,266 


48,079 


602,806 


222.081 


102,525 


73,321 


1977 




655797 


668,625 


226,080 


125,612 


82,799 


113,706 


27,089 


1 8,424 


12,757 


62,157 


608,179 


225,150 


105,031 


76.580 


1976 


M 


52,176 


51,843 


18,552 


9,747 


7,354 


7,712 


2,420 


1,474 


1,010 


3,573 


46,881 


1 8.466 


8,731 


6,563 




J 


55769 


56,704 


19,912 


10,231 


7,409 


8,799 


2,578 


2,369 


1,123 


4,283 


46.515 


19,577 


7,827 


6,604 




J 


56,334 


56,004 


20,016 


9,894 


7,411 


8,946 


2,480 


2,497 


1,274 


3.486 


46.923 


20,919 


7,913 


6,431 




A 


53,176 


53,097 


19,762 


7,945 


6,558 


8,072 


2,605 


2,525 


1,118 


4,514 


48,837 


21,801 


7,463 


7,256 




S 


39,803 


45,251 


17,273 


6.689 


5,656 


6,636 


2,386 


2.031 


774 


3,806 


45,368 


1 9,446 


6,728 


6,485 




O 


47,734 


49,604 


17,683 


8,471 


5,987 


7,691 


2.409 


1.830 


848 


4,684 


48.184 


18,382 


7,841 


6,553 




N 


55,056 


54,410 


19,382 


9,646 


6,600 


10,643 


2.029 


1.010 


974 


4,127 


54,598 


1 8,348 


10,101 


6,478 




D 


56.914 


58,676 


20,554 


11,148 


6,219 


12,089 


1,727 


593 


1,024 


5,322 


61,985 


1 9,065 


11,554 


5.832 


1977 


J 


58,349 


58,894 


20,214 


11,698 


5,851 


13,097 


1,776 


608 


932 


4,719 


55.590 


16.482 


9,847 


4.982 




F 


52,332 


54,390 


18,098 


10,840 


6,130 


11,449 


1,920 


671 


753 


4,529 


53,550 


15.993 


9,850 


5.557 




M 


57,917 


57,391 


19,323 


11,213 


6,921 


11,121 


2,249 


651 


911 


5,002 


51.470 


17.445 


9,524 


5,859 




A 


47,583 


48,707 


16,341 


9,629 


6,416 


8,073 


2.106 


796 


934 


4,411 


45,694 


1 7,047 


7.957 


5,690 




M 


55,307 


56,510 


18,640 


10,941 


7,485 


8,232 


2.393 


1.500 


1,157 


6,163 


47,131 


19.012 


8.533 


6,741 




J 


60,324 


57,493 


19,061 


10,849 


8,022 


8,405 


2,622 


2.380 


1,340 


4,814 


47,926 


20.048 


7,824 


. 7,221 




J 


49,611 


57,186 


19,365 


10,619 


8,003 


8,091 


2.789 


2.442 


1,258 


4,618 


46,473 


20.277 


7,342 


6,456 




A 


59,225 


58.858 


20,682 


9,576 


7,733 


9,180 


2,352 


2,675 


1,209 


5.451 


52.370 


22,707 


8,456 


7,840 




S 


46,362 


47,361 


17,267 


6,767 


5,755 


6.789 


2.408 


2,537 


851 


4.987 


45.674 


19.112 


6.375 


6.785 




O 


51,200 


51,472 


17,250 


9,306 


6,161 


8,277 


2,035 


2,014 


853 


5,576 


50,466 


19.245 


8,419 


6.933 




N 


54,033 


57.717 


19,586 


11,124 


7,535 


9,200 


2.162 


1.515 


1.165 


5,429 


51.591 


18.853 


9,116 


6.622 




D 


63,554 


62,646 


20,253 


13,050 


6,787 


11,792 


2,277 


635 


1,394 


6,458 


60.242 


18.929 


11,788 


5,894 


1978 


J 


53,810 


57,946 


20,018 


11,614 


6,120 


11,464 


1,698 


568 


1,333 


5.131 


55,710 


16,721 


10,341 


5.012 




F 


52,945 


52,416 


17,742 


10,399 


5,843 


10,005 


1,926 


716 


1,247 


4,537 


55.341 


17,060 


9,921 


5.548 




M 


53,632 


54,046 


18,351 


9.816 


6,991 


8,762 


2,779 


761 


1,234 


5,352 


53.627 


17.662 


9.717 


5,864 




A 






















46.847 


17.302 


8,112 


5.713 








Net sales in Canada 4 










Closing inventonesS 


































Liquefied 




Year 










Liquefied 


















petro- 




and 




Light 


Aviation 




petroleum 


Other 


Total all 


Motor 


Heavy 


Diesel 


Light 


Aviation 




leum 


Other 


montr 




fuel oi |6 


fuel? 


Asphalt 


gasesS 


products 9 


products 


gasoline 


fuel oil 


fuel oil 


fuel oi|6 


luel? 


Asphalt 


gases* 


products? 




D 


2545 


2546 


335315 


2548 


2549 


337106 


333506 


335006 


334406 


2554 


2555 


335306 


2557 


2558 


1976 




120,184 


25.488 


17.548 


11,123 


30.606 


105,130 


28,806 


12.049 


13.912 


28.068 


4.251 


2.302 


972 


14.770 


1977 




107,801 


25.679 


19,418 


12.544 


35.978 


119,997 


29,879 


1 5.497 


15.760 


35.151 


4.695 


2.304 


633 


16.079 


1976 


M 


5,893 


2,112 


1,541 


879 


2,697 


103.893 


30.489 


16,534 


12.561 


20.869 


4,452 


3.522 


984 


14.481 




J 


3,682 


2,113 


2,563 


1.104 


3,046 


110.215 


29.590 


17,645 


14,149 


25.263 


4,759 


3.390 


1.044 


14.373 




J 


2,706 


2,470 


2,802 


908 


2,774 


116,034 


28.689 


17.843 


16.477 


30.400 


4.706 


3.150 


1.276 


13.493 




A 


3,211 


2,534 


2,781 


1,216 


2.574 


117,411 


27.597 


16.621 


16.367 


34.386 


4.936 


3.013 


1.142 


13.350 




S 


4,214 


2,585 


2,508 


777 


2,626 


114,628 


26.318 


15,058 


16.343 


35.895 


4.517 


2.578 


1.055 


12.864 







7,664 


2,205 


2.140 


826 


2.572 


114.495 


26.263 


14,916 


15.950 


35.851 


4.728 


2.313 


1.086 


13.388 




N 


12,703 


1,875 


1.324 


951 


2.818 


1 1 1 ,344 


27.425 


13.520 


15.225 


33.716 


4.712 


2.035 


1.015 


13.696 




D 


19,349 


1.940 


349 


1,232 


2.665 


105,130 


28.806 


12,049 


13.912 


28.068 


4.251 


2.302 


972 


14.770 


1977 


J 


19,105 


1,778 


232 


792 


2.373 


104.619 


32.870 


12.301 


13.034 


23.792 


4.171 


2.672 


947 


14.833 




F 


16,616 


1,824 


362 


1,141 


2,206 


1 00.033 


34.142 


12,027 


11,870 


18.931 


4.238 


2.996 


762 


15.067 




M 


12,436 


2,166 


425 


925 


2,690 


101.172 


35.766 


1 1 .949 


11.665 


18,451 


4.263 


3.215 


889 


14.973 




A 


8,620 


2,097 


613 


867 


2,804 


100.290 


35.011 


12.318 


11.831 


18.327 


4,245 


3.399 


787 


14.371 




M 


5,034 


2.121 


1.658 


1.122 


2.910 


106.929 


34.996 


13.860 


12.784 


21,030 


4.440 


3.311 


886 


15.622 




J 


3,339 


2,254 


2,860 


1,175 


3,206 


112.215 


34.167 


14.699 


14.095 


25,460 


4,698 


2.998 


1.018 


15.079 




J 


2,901 


2,490 


2,895 


1.024 


3.089 


118.454 


32.902 


1 5.835 


16.137 


30.284 


4.919 


2.736 


1.153 


14.487 




A 


3,009 


2,452 


3,231 


1,354 


3,321 


122.218 


30.893 


16.234 


17.407 


35.026 


4,790 


2.382 


1.026 


14.460 




S 


3,722 


2,417 


2,807 


928 


3,529 


119.979 


28.537 


14.563 


17.550 


37.019 


4.493 


2.288 


981 


14.548 







6,481 


2,191 


2.653 


1,048 


3,495 


117,405 


26.707 


13.962 


16.693 


38.201 


4.329 


1.756 


699 


15.057 




N 


9,425 


1,896 


1.354 


1,091 


3,234 


120.907 


28.194 


14.915 


16.919 


38.618 


4.510 


2.000 


553 


15.199 




D 


17,113 


1,993 


327 


1,077 


3,121 


119.997 


29.879 


15.497 


15,760 


35.151 


4.695 


2.304 


633 


16.079 


1978 


J 


17,508 


1,786 


236 


1.089 


3,018 


116.332 


33.146 


14.573 


14.480 


30.454 


4.536 


2.636 


610 


1 5.898 




F 


16,986 


1.932 


325 


988 


2.582 


109,302 


34.468 


13.536 


12.672 


25.268 


4.216 


3.029 


724 


15.388 




M 


13,442 


2,225 


407 


1.037 


3,273 


104,779 


35.112 


12.500 


12.306 


21.399 


4,118 


3.386 


867 


15.091 




A 






572 

























'Barrels of 35 Canadian gallons 2includes domestic and imported crude oil, condensate and pentanes plus received by Canadian refineries 3Relmery production (from 
crude oil, condensate and pentanes plus, and commingled propane butane mixes) plus other materials used includes deliveries of butane commingled in the crude stream 
in Saskatchewan and Alberta ^Includes inventories at end of period being held at gas plants and in storage caverns ^Includes stove oil. kerosene includes aviation 
gasoline and aviation turbo tuel SDue to conceptual changes, the stock and sales series are not available on a comparable basis prior to June 1965 Includes propane and 
propane mixes and butane and butane mixes ^Includes petro-chemical feed stocks, naphtha specialties, coke, lubricating oil and grease, still gas and other products 
Source: Refined Petroleum Products (45-004), Statistics Canada. 



88 



July 1978 
Table 6: Metals 



Section 7-Table 6 







Copper 






Nickel 






Lead 






Molybd 






Total metal 


content 


Retmed copper 


Total metal content 


Retmed 


lead 


snum 


Year 
and 


Production 


Exports! Production 


Exports? Production Exports3 Production 


Exports 4 Production 


Exports 


Production 


Exports 


month 












Million pounds 














D 


2587 


2588 


2589 


2590 


2591 


2592 


2593 


2594 


2595 


2596 


2608 


2610 


1976 


1,611.6 


1,378.5 


1,125.5 


702.0 


530.9 


459.7 


565.1 


562.9 


387.4 


252.4 


32.2 


32.0 


1977 


1724.4 


1,294.9 


1,121.7 


648.6 


510.5 


419.2 


636.0 


592.3 


413.2 


288.4 


34.1 


33.8 


1976 M 


146.5 


106.6 


96.8 


60.5 


48.3 


33.6 


46.0 


40.1 


35.2 


18.0 


2.5 


2.2 


J 


125.8 


80.6 


100.4 


48.0 


40.3 


38.2 


52.7 


52.8 


35.9 


24.5 


2.6 


2.6 


J 


116.4 


135.6 


943 


57.8 


38.5 


40.2 


36.0 


48.5 


26.7 


23.4 


2.2 


3.9 


A 


131.2 


104.3 


102.1 


60.5 


389 


41.6 


20.2 


31.4 


4.1 


16.3 


2.3 


2.2 


S 


154.3 


130.6 


986 


55.3 


41.9 


44.2 


45.3 


24.6 


32.9 


143 


2.3 


2.7 





152.0 


133.7 


91.5 


61.5 


47.6 


36.3 


47.3 


41.5 


33.1 


21.9 


2.9 


2.0 


N 


130.8 


110 8 


96.9 


52.2 


43.4 


45.3 


64.0 


53.7 


35.3 


27.5 


3.2 


3.5 


D 


134.8 


92.8 


83.3 


49.2 


46.8 


41.2 


63.7 


30.4 


36.8 


18.5 


3.3 


1.7 


1977 J 


158.3 


119.9 


81.6 


60.7 


48.4 


36.6 


43.1 


68.5 


35.8 


26.8 


24 


3.8 


F 


145.3 


89.3 


80.6 


46.9 


44.5 


31.2 


43.0 


40.1 


358 


26.7 


2.8 


2.4 


M 


154.5 


156.2 


103.2 


67.2 


43.5 


29.2 


505 


53.4 


40.4 


27.5 


3.0 


33 


A 


110 8 


70.4 


58.9 


34.9 


43.5 


36.9 


68.7 


50.2 


37.8 


23.4 


3.1 


2.0 


M 


176.1 


983 


96.3 


51.5 


43.2 


37.5 


54.0 


48.1 


39.1 


267 


2.9 


2.9 


J 


153 3 


153.0 


100 9 


51.1 


46.6 


47.4 


62.0 


51.3 


36.1 


29.1 


26 


3.1 


J 


136.1 


85.3 


94.1 


60.3 


41.0 


38.0 


59.3 


51.7 


35.8 


19.7 


3.0 


2.3 


A 


149.0 


124.0 


105.5 


52.0 


426 


369 


33.0 


53.8 


13.9 


28.1 


2.4 


3.4 


S 


131.9 


103 6 


108 3 


47.4 


39.4 


306 


48.6 


35.9 


31.1 


16.0 


3.1 


2.5 


O 


145.5 


132.1 


92.2 


81.3 


388 


27.4 


53.5 


50.3 


33.6 


20.3 


2.8 


29 


N 


1444 


689 


107.7 


43.5 


41 


286 


50.1 


43.0 


389 


21 6 


3.7 


1.3 


D 


119.2 


94.0 


92.4 


51.8 


38.0 


38.9 


70.2 


46.0 


34.9 


225 


2.3 


3.9 


1978 J 


125.2 


117.8 


97.8 


52.8 


35.6 


54.1 


47.8 


49.6 


31 9 


23 1 


2.6 


20 


F 


141.2 


180 5 


885 


804 


29.9 


61.1 


600 


40.1 


35.1 


22.5 


2.1 


2.5 


M 


1453 


73.7 


102.6 


46.3 


44.0 


41 4 


71.1 


45.3 


39.2 


266 


2.6 


2.1 


A 


1356 


101.6 


94.9 


51.2 


37.7 


50.5 


45.2 


43 1 


35.3 


21.2 


2.6 


2.8 






Zinc 






Aluminum 
and bauxite 


Iron ore 




Gold 




Silver 








Total metal 


content 


Refined 


zinc 


Producers' 


Uranium 












ore 


shipments 




Mint 


gnlrl 






production 


Year 


Production 


Exports 


Production 


Exports 


imports 


in tons 


Production ourcr 


ases Production 


Exports 




and 




















Thousands 


month 




Million pounds 






Thousands 




Thousand troy ounces 




pounds 


D 


2597 


2598 


2599 


2600 


2601 


2602 




2603 


2604 


2605 


2606 


2609 


1976 


2,165.1 


2,216.6 


1,041.2 


776.2 


4,713.8 


61,086 




1,690 


- 


41,198 


44,470 


14,627.9 


1977 


2,418.4 


1.970.3 


1,091.0 


651.1 


7.8856 


60.000 




1,706 


- 


44,646 


51.080 


15,832.4 


1976 J 


165.9 


2388 


94.8 


868 


746.1 


7,073.8 




143 


- 


3.505 


3,387 


1,608.8 


J 


185.7 


2444 


77.9 


508 


187.5 


7,2686 




127 


- 


2,561 


3,924 


965.8 


A 


131.9 


156.2 


57.4 


803 


345.6 


8,073.6 




135 


- 


2,937 


2.904 


1.403.2 


S 


188.2 


211 7 


85.7 


75.3 


274.0 


6,494.8 




153 


- 


3,986 


3,495 


2,102.6 





2008 


217.1 


100 3 


599 


251.1 


5,507.4 




136 


- 


3.580 


3,413 


1,329.7 


N 


218.4 


162.3 


93.6 


52.1 


218.0 


5,138.5 




148 


- 


3,066 


4,677 


1,671.9 


D 


2069 


153.7 


105.5 


43.5 


642.4 


4,217.6 




149 


- 


3,661 


6,201 


1,431.7 


1977 J 


160 8 


181.2 


106 7 


50.9 


272.5 


2,842.0 




138 


- 


3,120 


4,481 


7830 


F 


170.1 


116.5 


995 


54.2 


2466 


1.046.3 




137 


- 


3,456 


5.767 


704.2 


M 


183.5 


145.9 


110 6 


77.6 


194 3 


1,476.9 




151 


- 


4,784 


4.531 


1,347.2 


A 


238.9 


166.7 


103.9 


94.3 


467.7 


4.021 7 




136 


- 


3,841 


3,034 


832.4 


M 


183 6 


174.1 


104.2 


57.5 


1.139.2 


6,189.7 




163 


- 


3,814 


3.014 


1,347.7 


J 


221 7 


194.6 


928 


47.1 


534.5 


6,6459 




141 


- 


3.485 


5,082 


2,078.0 


J 


210.3 


141.8 


88.7 


35.6 


716.4 


5,874.1 




143 


- 


4.187 


4,287 


1,413.1 


A 


2930 


2169 


52.8 


483 


772.3 


7,004.1 




137 


- 


3.452 


5,079 


1,228.6 


S 


158.6 


142.1 


94.9 


43.2 


1,451.1 


6,441.0 




131 


- 


3,149 


3,324 


1,613.6 


O 


234.6 


2069 


82.0 


49.1 


1,013.7 


6,422.0 




133 


- 


3,940 


4,822 


1,542.8 


N 


180.1 


169 7 


79.5 


37.8 


299.5 


6,466.1 




148 


- 


3,958 


3,438 


1,183.2 


D 


183.2 


113.9 


75.4 


55.5 


777.8 


5,570.2 




148 


- 


3,460 


4,221 


1,758.6 


1978 J 


160.7 


132.5 


87.2 


53.9 


387.2 


2.061.7 




133 


. 


3,237 


3,968 


1,212.0 


F 


136.7 


147.8 


836 


488 


297.9 


1,479.1 




131 


- 


3,450 


4,681 


1,272.6 


M 


215.8 


169.3 


93.4 


56.6 


248.6 


1,318.4 




144 


- 


3,825 


3,768 


1,239.3 


A 


198 


160.8 


84.1 


89.2 




2.033 1 




148 


- 


3,796 


4,010 


1,963.3 


M 












1,814.0 















'Includes copper fine in ore, ingots, bars, billets, rods and strips 2|ncludes ingots, bars and billets 3lncludes nickel in matte or speiss. oxide and fine. ^Includes lead in ore 
and in pigs. 

Sources: Silver, Lead and Zinc Production (26-008), Gold Production (26-004), Iron Ore (26-005), Copper and Nickel Production (26-003), Imports by Commodities (65- 
007), Exports by Commodities (65-004), Statistics Canada. 



89 



Section 7-Table 7 

Table 7: Non-metallic minerals (thousand tons) 



July 1978 





Asbestos 




Gypsum 


Cement 




Lime 


Salt 






Year 


















Potash 


and 


Producers' 
shipments 


Exports 


Producers' 
shipments 


Production 


Producers' 
shipments 


Producers' 
shipments 


Producers' 
shipments' 


Imports 




month 


Production 


D 


2627 


2628 


2629 


2630 


2631 


2632 


2626 


2634 


2607 


1976 


1,693 


1,651.1 


6,617 


10,910 


10,806 


1,940 


6.607 


1,679.3 


5,749.0 


1977 


1,682 


1,560.0 


7,968 


10,950 


11.037 


1,993 


6,656 


1,241.4 


6,354.4 


1976 J 


139 


147.2 


436 


1,172 


1.278 


184.3 


417.9 


410.5 


350.7 


J 


116 


115.9 


771 


1,157 


1,137 


167.0 


449.6 


121.4 


433.2 


A 


139 


119.4 


662 


1,135 


1,239 


164.4 


432.1 


126.7 


495.5 


S 


159 


133.0 


721 


1,032 


1,101 


166.8 


466.0 


260.0 


533.0 


O 


148 


132.1 


787 


1,114 


1,090 


164.9 


544.0 


64.6 


513.2 


N 


150 


195.3 


600 


964 


987 


164.3 


713.2 


41.9 


462.3 


D 


153 


150 


675 


711 


543 


153.2 


806.3 


104.3 


516.6 


1977 J 


122 


131.8 


354 


438 


392 


149.1 


707.6 


79.9 


501.2 


F 


120 


117.8 


420 


454 


448 


154.7 


723.3 


59.4 


407.3 


M 


156 


172.5 


394 


659 


616 


170.8 


513.8 


32.7 


637.6 


A 


135 


109.4 


628 


790 


798 


131 9 


434.3 


268.3 


668.8 


M 


130 


147.2 


710 


1,131 


1,147 


181.9 


344.8 


71.9 


522.0 


J 


143 


133.0 


810 


1,251 


1,323 


185.8 


484.4 


115.5 


489.1 


J 


129 


126 


717 


1,173 


1,161 


151.7 


438.8 


116.1 


511.7 


A 


155 l 


1268 


835 


1,146 


1,304 


176.8 


452.7 


111.6 


671.1 


S 


158 


112.6 


832 


1,122 


1,201 


174.5 


600.3 


121.1 


' 575.5 





151 


120.1 


938 


1,125 


1,180 


176.7 


548.7 


136.3 


459.2 


N 


141 


94.3 


622 


1,010 


961 


174.5 


661.4 


58.1 


500.8 


D 


142 


168.5 


708 


651 


506 


164.4 


746.3 


70.5 


410.2 


1978 J 


96 


95.6 


389 


405 


345 


126.2 


743.8 


40.7 


555.0 


F 


108 


131.6 


451 


449 


443 


136.4 


765.3 


85.1 


541.7 


M 


136 


1105 


494 


674 


611 


164.7 


412.7 


40.6 


685.2 


A 


106 


125.1 


699 


798 


707 


159.0 


471.8 




574.0 


M 


116 










165.6 


5359 







iTotal salt and salt content of brine 

Sources: Production of Canada's Leading Minerals (26-007), Cement (44-001). Salt (26-009), Asbestos (26-001), Imports by Commodities (65-007), Exports by Commodi- 
ties (65-004). 



90 



Section 8 • Construction 

92 1. Building Permits, by Type 

92 2. Building Permits, by Province 

93 3. Dwelling Units Started, All Areas 

93 4. Dwelling Units Completed, All Areas 

93 5. Dwelling Units Under Construction, All Areas 

94 6. Dwelling Units Started, Centres 10,000 and Over 

94 7. Dwelling Units Completed, Centres 10,000 and Over 

95 8. Dwelling Units Under Construction, Centres 10,000 and Over 

95 9. Mortgage Loans Approvals 

96 10. Domestic Shipments of Building Materials by Canadian Manufacturers 



91 



Section 8-Tables 1 and 2 

Table 1: Building permits, by type (million dollars) 



July 1978 



Year 
and 
month 



Non-residential 



Non-residential 



Canada 
Total 1 



Total Industrial 



Institu- 
tional and 
Com- govern- 
mercial ment 



Canada. 
55 munici- 
Resi- pahties Canada 

dentlal only2 total' 



Total 



Institu- 
tional and 
Indus- Commer- govern- 
tnal cial ment 



Canada. 

55 munici- 

Resi- palities 

dential only2 



2673 



2674 



2675 



2676 



4898 



2678 



2679 



1976 


12,199.3 


4,723.5 


1,010.0 


2,5455 


1,168.0 


7,4758 


4,346.7 


1977 


12,419.8 


4,807.3 


1,012.0 


2,444.4 


1,350.9 


7,612.5 


4,663.6 



M.CD. 
6 6 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 M 


1,206.2 


437.4 


126 3 


204.2 


106.9 


768.8 


361.7 


988.4 


407.0 


97.1 


2098 


100 1 


581.4 


367.2 


J 


1,443.8 


585.9 


132.0 


359.6 


94.3 


857.8 


428.5 


1,122.3 


4908 


99.1 


309.2 


82.5 


631.5 


203.2 


J 


1,106.0 


411.5 


91.2 


212.1 


108.1 


6946 


461 2 


1,062.6 


430.2 


79.4 


2196 


131.1 


632.5 


2588 


A 


1,099.4 


394.5 


115.2 


195.4 


83.9 


704.9 


369.3 


9275 


322.4 


97.6 


155.5 


69.4 


605.0 


272.0 


S 


1,037.9 


344.1 


80.1 


191.0 


730 


693.8 


386.8 


917.1 


300 1 


61.0 


171.5 


67.6 


617.0 


347.8 


O 


1,066.1 


4094 


89.4 


220.9 


99.1 


656.7 


374.8 


1,007.1 


377.6 


73.0 


2232 


81.4 


629.5 


361 


N 


1,041.9 


4357 


77.3 


228.9 


129.5 


606.1 


4066 


1,054.1 


415.1 


89.6 


222.2 


103.3 


639.0 


371.1 


D 


787.4 


405.0 


67.1 


218.3 


119.6 


382.4 


265.5 


994.6 


402.8 


85.1 


2044 


113.4 


591.8 


458.3 


1977 J 


4805 


218.9 


42.5 


116.5 


59.9 


261 6 


230.2 


9669 


381.7 


84.5 


190 9 


106.3 


585.2 


356.9 


F 


645.5 


291.9 ' 


49.9 


174.5 


674 


353.6 


2853 


983 1 


398.0 


938 


2053 


989 


585.1 


329.6 


M 


1,090.1 


370.7 


61.0 


176.6 


133.1 


719.4 


4268 


1 ,094.4 


375.5 


84.4 


169.3 


121.8 


718.9 


416.8 


A 


1,147.5 


373.5 


88.3 


199.7 


85.6 


7740 


3394 


1,027 9 


401.9 


842 


2109 


106.9 


625.9 


338 1 


M 


1,294.5 


458.3 


97.1 


2360 


125.2 


8362 


3907 


1,024.9 


4043 


73.5 


2235 


107.2 


620.6 


3355 


J 


1,351.9 


543.7 


109.8 


220.4 


213.5 


808.2 


497.4 


1,084.7 


481.4 


84.8 


198.2 


198.4 


603.4 


410.4 


J 


962.5 


335.7 


73.7 


193.6 


68.4 


626.8 


322.1 


959.0 


367.3 


66.0 


217.4 


83.9 


591.7 


371.4 


A 


1,274.7 


5407 


119.5 


275.4 


145.9 


734.0 


4870 


1,010.8 


412.5 


86.8 


2099 


115.8 


598.4 


410.9 


S 


1,206.4 


517.3 


120.0 


235.7 


161 6 


689 1 


431 


1,086.6 


466 1 


992 


2140 


153 


620.5 


377.1 


O 


1,031.5 


400.5 


111.6 


205 1 


838 


631 


387.3 


9774 


371.7 


90.5 


208.3 


72.8 


605.7 


3964 


N 


1,082 7 


4096 


72.5 


210.5 


126.7 


673.0 


4748 


1,081.2 


376.4 


795 


1962 


100 7 


704.8 


4566 


D 


852.0 


346.3 


65.9 


200.5 


79.9 


505.7 


391 6 


1,154.6 


3669 


92.0 


194.1 


80.8 


787.7 


449.6 


1978 J 


5378 


2584 


48.0 


116.2 


942 


279.4 


2738 


1.034.6 


425.3 


92.0 


175.2 


158.1 


609.3 


402.3 


F 


624.8 


274.2 


47.6 


141.9 


848 


3506 


2664 


960.7 


377.5 


88 5 


165.7 


123 3 


583.2 


306.3 


M 


958.6 


385.8 


55.2 


246.0 


84.6 


5728 


4264 


990.7 


411 4 


77.5 


2533 


806 


579.2 


414.2 


A 


1.133.5 


450.1 


70.5 


267.2 


112.4 


6834 


4056 


1,080.5 


502.4 


68.2 


296 1 


138 1 


5780 


444.5 



1 In 1975, approximately 1.600 municipalities are being surveyed 2This is an historical series with data available back to 1920 Consistent coverage and volume have been 
maintained so historical comparisons are possible 
Source: Building Permits (64-001), Statistics Canada. 

Table 2: Building permits, by province' (million dollars) 



Year 




























and 




























month 


Canada 


Nfld. 


PEI 


N.S. 


NB 


Que 


Ont 


Man 


Sask 


Alta 


BC 


Yukon 


N.WT 


D 


2695 


2696 


2697 


2698 


2699 


2700 


2701 


2702 


2703 


2704 


2705 


2706 


2707 


1976 


12,199.3 


106 6 


48.6 


309.7 


251.3 


2.803.4 


4,074.3 


432.5 


516.4 


1,831.1 


1.805.8 


- 


19.4 


1977 


12,419.8 


128.1 


69.0 


316.7 


178.2 


2.458.7 


4,175.2 


3992 


5395 


2,374.8 


1.751 3 


76 


21.5 


1976 M 


1,206.2 


94 


39 


289 


29 7 


232.3 


423.3 


360 


540 


188.8 


196 8 


- 


3.1 


J 


1,443.8 


205 


4.5 


550 


259 


4062 


4272 


42.2 


523 


2268 


180 7 


- 


2.5 


J 


1,106.0 


14.9 


53 


263 


289 


2829 


3570 


406 


53.3 


158.3 


137.3 


- 


1.0 


A 


1,099.4 


12.7 


3.5 


26.4 


229 


226.7 


3686 


42.5 


406 


155.0 


195 6 


- 


4.9 


S 


1,037.9 


85 


39 


25.5 


20.0 


135.4 


3837 


48.3 


58.9 


168 3 


183 3 


- 


22 


O 


1,066.1 


6.2 


6.7 


19 1 


26 .1 


2200 


368 1 


32.0 


524 


179 4 


154 


- 


2.0 


N 


1,041.9 


8.9 


8.2 


31.9 


18.2 


2634 


369 1 


28 1 


485 


119 4 


1448 


- 


1.3 


D 


7874 


46 


2.5 


34.9 


94 


241.4 


2348 


18 2 


296 


103 6 


107 6 


- 


09 


1977 J 


480.5 


10 


1.2 


92 


4.8 


85.0 


128 6 


24.4 


21.0 


1069 


983 


- 


0.2 


F 


6455 


57 


2.1 


97 


7.7 


112 8 


2245 


21.9 


256 


969 


1372 


- 


1.3 


M 


1.090 1 


72 


5.3 


243 


5.6 


268.7 


3697 


42 7 


41.1 


171 7 


153.2 


- 


0.6 


A 


1.147.5 


57 


5.7 


198 


14.4 


274.9 


421 4 


385 


35.5 


213 .1 


115.7 


- 


2.9 


M 


1,294 5 


15.9 


78 


400 


256 


273 1 


473.9 


304 


369 


211.4 


176.9 


- 


2.5 


J 


1,351.9 


15.3 


8.6 


29.0 


228 


3093 


4884 


36 


549 


2137 


170 4 


- 


3.5 


J 


962 5 


7.3 


7.7 


206 


13.3 


126 


382.1 


39.1 


57.0 


153 4 


155.0 


- 


0.9 


A 


1,274.7 


9 5 


5.3 


369 


23.8 


2632 


3984 


323 


485 


274.4 


179 5 


- 


2.7 


S 


1,206.4 


15.0 


65 


374 


148 


2344 


419 2 


309 


487 


211.5 


183 9 


2.5 


16 


O 


1,031.5 


8.2 


10 


294 


11.9 


2032 


2994 


306 


605 


2284 


142.1 


33 


46 


N 


1.082.7 


54 


62 


440 


21 


188 7 


3145 


39.4 


58 5 


2734 


129 6 


16 


05 


D 


8520 


31.9 


2.4 


16.5 


12.5 


119.3 


255.2 


33.1 


51.2 


2199 


109 5 


02 


0.2 


1978 J 


5378 


3.0 


4.0 


12.3 


33 


66.3 


127 3 


220 


277 


1772 


940 


0.5 


03 


F 


6248 


39 


24 


18.2 


9.7 


100 1 


198 5 


42.7 


192 


122.3 


106 6 


1.1 


0.1 


M 


9586 


20 


34 


16.3 


105 


207.2 


288.3 


420 


23 1 


241 


121 5 


1 


2.3 


A 


1,133.5 


47 


4.6 


36.8 


15.3 


2288 


376.3 


30.2 


378 


2638 


131 2 


3.7 


04 



'In 1975, approximately 1,600 municipalities are being surveyed 
Source: Building Permits (64-001), Statistics Canada. 



92 



July 1978 

Table 3: Dwelling unitsi started, all areas 



Section 8-Tables 3-5 



Year and 
quarter 


Canada 


Nfld, 


PEI 


NS. 


NB 


Que 


Ont. 


Man 


Sask. 


Alta 


B.C 


Canada 
seasonally 
adjusted 
at an- 
nual rates 
(thousands) 


D 


2717 


2718 


2719 


2720 


2721 


2722 


2723 


2724 


2725 


2726 


2727 


4945 


1976 
1977 


273,203 

245,724 


5,709 
3.719 


842 
824 


7,470 

7,495 


6,772 
4.308 


68,748 
57,580 


84,682 

79,130 


9,339 

9,410 


13,143 
12.825 


38,771 
38,075 


37,727 
32,358 




1975 2 
3 
4 


58,784 
72,395 
76,327 


1,252 
2,101 
1,562 


239 

427 

93 


1,285 
2,315 
2,191 


2,415 
2.477 
1.807 


14.719 
16.556 
1 7.504 


21,833 
23,271 
27,080 


2,328 
2,344 
2,547 


1,898 
4,401 
3,580 


5,308 
7,369 
9.200 


7,507 
11,134 
10,763 


201.4 

246.5 
2876 


1976 1 
2 

3 
4 


43.525 
80,540 
76,919 
72,219 


835 
1,625 
1,787 
1,462 


137 
298 
219 
188 


1,347 
1,988 
2,552 
1,583 


466 

3.113 

2.202 

991 


10.072 
21,944 
20.331 
16,401 


13,568 
25,186 
23,098 
22,830 


1,809 
2,475 
2,826 
2,229 


1,627 
2,883 
3,824 
4,809 


6,860 
10,239 
10,452 
11,220 


6,804 
10,789 

9,628 
10.506 


287.3 
277.6 
261.4 
270.4 


1977 1 
2 
3 
4 


35,606 
70,369 
72,262 
67,487 


305 
1,271 
1,185 

958 


35 
339 
209 
241 


687 
1,468 
2,305 
3,035 


206 
1,540 
1.743 

819 


10.242 
1 7.624 
16.570 
13.144 


9,539 
23,293 
24,236 
22,062 


2,044 
2,281 
2,936 
2,149 


1,802 
3,326 
2,848 
4,849 


4,511 

9,900 

11,923 

11,741 


6.235 
9,327 
8.307 
8.489 


234.0 
242.5 
248.7 
251.2 


1978 1 


47,197 


209 


237 


906 


567 


9.043 


11,291 


3,855 


2,099 


12,225 


6,765 


306.9 


Table 4: 


Dwelling units) 


completed, 


all areas 


















Year and 
quarter 


Canada 


Nfld 


PEL 


NS 


NB 


Que 


Ont 


Man 


Sask 


Alta. 


BC 


Canada 
seasonally 
adjusted 
at an- 
nual rates 
(thousands) 


D 


2739 


2740 


2741 


2742 


2743 


2744 


2745 


2746 


2747 


2748 


2749 


4946 


1976 
1977 


236,249 

251,789 


5,850 
4,292 


989 
652 


7,364 
7,521 


7.137 
5,313 


54,301 
61,979 


80,302 

80,717 


8,492 
8,720 


11,046 
11,485 


25,858 

37,879 


34,910 
33,231 




1975 2 
3 

4 


51,077 
52,033 
67,731 


1,018 
1.290 
1,626 


364 
130 
348 


1,288 
1.200 
2,422 


1,224 
1,381 
2,168 


11.183 
13,534 
17,352 


21,006 
20,076 
22.764 


2.023 
1,502 
2,551 


1,819 
1,546 
2,700 


4,235 
4.003 
5,638 


6,917 

7,371 

10,162 


207.5 
200.9 
2362 


1976 1 
2 
3 
4 


41,048 
63,028 
61,962 
70,211 


1,020 
1,541 
1,347 
1,942 


298 

167 
173 
351 


1,839 
1.945 
1,844 
1,736 


1,112 
1,837 
1,749 
2,439 


8,449 
14,475 
16.291 
15,086 


16,083 
21,362 
20,670 
22,187 


1,448 
1,501 
2,143 
3,400 


1,220 
3,438 
2,822 
3,566 


3.733 
8,794 
5,918 
7,413 


5,846 

7,968 

9.005 

12,091 


196.0 
258.1 
2386 
244.9 


1977 1 
2 
3 
4 


53,585 
58,737 
69,619 
69,848 


1,731 
797 

1.065 
699 


94 

57 

215 

286 


1,985 
1,442 
1,135 
2,959 


1,517 
1,127 
1.010 
1,659 


10,976 
14,228 
21,173 
15.602 


16,950 
19.074 
22,1 1 1 
22,582 


1,734 
1,782 
2.499 
2,705 


3,022 
2.847 
2.696 
2,920 


7,439 

9,351 

8,851 

12,238 


8.137 
8,032 
8,864 
8,198 


255.8 
237.1 
270.3 
245.1 


1978 1 


51,460 


658 


133 


1,718 


1,447 


11,414 


1 7,026 


1,841 


1.968 


8,547 


6,708 


245.9 


Table 5: 


Dwelling unitsi 


under construction, 


all areas 


















End of 
period 
or quarter 


Canada 


Nfld 


PEI 


NS 


NB 


Que. 


Ont 


Man 


Sask. 


Alta 


BC 


Canada 
seasonally 
adiusted 
at an- 
nual rates 
(thousands) 


D 


2761 


2762 


2763 


2764 


2765 


2766 


2767 


2768 


2769 


2770 


2771 


4947 


1976 
1977 


204,286 
185,599 


4,537 
2,878 


183 

347 


7,307 
6.479 


3,873 

2,709 


43,600 
35.366 


78,359 

75,518 


5,820 

6,479 


9,319 

10.097 


29,41 1 
27,305 


21,877 

18,421 




1975 2 
3 
4 


152,642 
169,408 
176,599 


3,876 
5,171 
5,107 


535 
569 
314 


5,557 
7,534 
7,301 


3.990 
4,842 
4.463 


31,297 
32,251 
31,805 


68,743 
71,820 
75,690 


4,013 
4,926 
4,917 


4.022 
6.880 
7,728 


9,890 
13.415 
16.909 


20,719 
22,000 
22,365 


152.8 
161.9 
173.2 


1976 1 
2 

3 
4 


175.010 
191,887 
204,770 
204,286 


4,553 
4,636 
5,038 
4,537 


150 
280 
325 
183 


6.712 
6.785 
7,459 
7,307 


3.504 
4,776 
5,368 
3,873 


32,375 
39.951 
42,626 
43,600 


72,770 
76,359 
78,741 
78,359 


5.337 
6.304 
6,989 
5,820 


7,935 
7,180 
8,140 
9,319 


19.705 
21,116 
25,873 
29,4 1 1 


21,969 
24,500 
24,211 
21,877 


187.1 
192.0 
196 4 
199.7 


1977 1 
2 
3 

4 


181,259 
191,105 
189,863 
185,599 


3,131 
3,606 
2,627 
2,878 


122 
404 
398 

347 


5,429 
5.398 
6,531 
6,479 


2,440 
2,852 
3,567 
2,709 


40,795 
43.969 
38.103 
35.366 


70,710 
74,502 
76,332 
75,518 


6,130 
6,629 
7.036 
6,479 


7,798 

8,127 

8,181 

10,097 


25,880 
26,147 
28,410 
27,305 


18,824 
19,471 
18,678 
18,421 


193.7 
191.4 
182.1 
181.3 


1978 1 


1 80,722 


2,430 


446 


5,609 


1,845 


32,856 


69,819 


8,489 


10,174 


30.833 


18,221 


193.1 



lA dwelling unit is defined as a structurally separate set of living quarters having its own entrance from outside of the building, or from a common passage inside These data 
are the result of a nation-wide survey, for which the field work is carried out by the Central Mortgage and Housing Corporation All metropolitan areas and urban centres with 
a population of 10,000 or more, along with certain other areas of high building activity, are enumerated completely each month The remainder of the country is covered on 
a sample basis quarterly. 
Source: Housing Starts and Completions (64-002), Statistics Canada. 

93 



Section 8-Tables 6 and 7 

Table 6: Dwelling unitsi started, centres 10,000 and over 



July 1978 





























Canada 


Year 




















Metropolitan 


areas 




seasonally 
adjusted at 


and 




Atlantic 








Saskatch- 




British 








annual rates 


month 


Canada 


provinces 


Quebec 


Ontario 


Manitoba 


ewan 


Alberta 


Columbia 


Montreal 


Toronto 


Winnipeg 


Vancouver 


thousands) 


D 


2783 


2784 


2785 


2786 


2787 


2788 


2789 


2790 


2791 


2792 


2793 


2794 


4900 


1976 


209,762 


10,882 


53,491 


71,301 


7,476 


8,924 


28,113 


29,575 


37,531 


26,555 


6,718 


16,702 




1977 


200,201 


9,304 


47,646 


70,231 


7.383 


9,326 


30.009 


26,302 


27,189 


27,918 


6,353 


15,257 




1976 J 


23,301 


1,549 


6,729 


8,128 


863 


687 


2,102 


3.243 


4,950 


2,933 


837 


1.894 


214 


J 


20,630 


1,288 


5,624 


6,116 


950 


1,206 


2,894 


2,552 


3,655 


1.563 


893 


1,547 


207 


A 


16,288 


907 


3,385 


6,468 


285 


775 


2,514 


1,954 


1,856 


2,403 


260 


1,291 


180 


S 


18,849 


1,648 


4,773 


5.648 


900 


672 


2,403 


2,805 


3.457 


2,066 


758 


1,292 


204 


O 


16,471 


943 


2.584 


6,107 


488 


962 


2,518 


2,869 


1,227 


2,604 


396 


1,748 


173 


N 


20,754 


567 


5,758 


6,683 


828 


1,581 


2,813 


2,524 


3,653 


3,090 


735 


1,487 


236 


D 


17,658 


448 


4.609 


6,493 


515 


750 


2,007 


2,836 


3,543 


1.635 


460 


1.879 


212 


1977 J 


11,516 


280 


3,733 


3,182 


476 


458 


894 


2.493 


2,611 


1,027 


469 


1,462 


204 


F 


9,086 


265 


2,896 


2,463 


223 


285 


1,315 


1,639 


2,308 


797 


211 


1,073 


195 


M 


9,640 


212 


2,544 


2,761 


1,052 


586 


1,262 


1,223 


1,746 


821 


1,014 


511 


170 


A 


14,994 


571 


3,366 


4,760 


420 


929 


2,660 


2,288 


2,214 


2,142 


372 


1,259 


193 


M 


20,606 


647 


6,211 


6.705 


529 


810 


2,945 


2.759 


3.650 


3.085 


488 


1,541 


196 


J 


21,377 


701 


5,307 


9.028 


638 


578 


2,523 


2.602 


3,093 


3.713 


410 


1,466 


196 


J 


20,010 


985 


5,042 


7,747 


1,041 


399 


2,697 


2.099 


2,344 


2,807 


887 


972 


202 


A 


18,641 


1,179 


3,410 


7,207 


644 


740 


3.497 


1,964 


1,679 


2,961 


527 


1,043 


207 


S 


18,702 


968 


4,151 


6,263 


678 


823 


3.263 


2,556 


1,891 


2.532 


541 


1,501 


203 


O 


17,122 


909 


3,556 


6,974 


341 


1,054 


2.228 


2,060 


1,639 


2,983 


300 


1,229 


181 


N 


18,022 


732 


3,959 


5.826 


562 


952 


3.377 


2,614 


2.153 


1,716 


440 


1.933 


204 


D 


20,485 


1,855 


3,471 


7,315 


779 


1,712 


3.348 


2.005 


1,861 


3.334 


694 


1.267 


236 


1978 J 


14,958 


364 


2.807 


3,881 


1,557 


1,053 


3.265 


2,031 


1.826 


1,741 


1.521 


1,378 


255 


F 


11,761 


285 


2,372 


2,674 


930 


248 


3,333 


1.919 


1.523 


826 


923 


1,297 


251 


M 


13,781 


277 


3,069 


3,535 


1,127 


486 


3,369 


1,918 


1.967 


2.242 


1,124 


1,395 


247 


A 


12,617 


256 


3.072 


4,166 


993 


405 


2,174 


1,551 


2.064 


1.931 


931 


864 


163 


M 


16,441 


720 


4,772 


5,016 


830 


782 


2,473 


1,848 


1.979 


1,772 


730 


1,094 


154 


Table 7: 


Dwelling unitsi completed, centres 10,000 and over 










































Canada 




























seasonally 


Year 




















Metropolitar 


areas 




adjusted at 


and 




Atlantic 








Saskatch- 




British 








annual 


month 


Canada 


provinces 


Quebec 


Ontario 


Manitoba 


ewan 


Alberta 


Columbia 


Montreal 


Toronto 


Winnipeg 


Vancouver 


(thousands) 


D 


2807 


2808 


2809 


2810 


2811 


2812 


2813 


2814 


2815 


2816 


2817 


2818 


4901 


1976 


180,765 


11,613 


41,323 


68,170 


6,972 


7,229 


18,814 


26.644 


26.932 


29,521 


6,340 


13,662 




1977 


206,217 


10,162 


51.670 


71,218 


6.880 


8,048 


30.811 


27.428 


30.194 


26.691 


6.282 


15,753 




1976 J 


17,313 


1,610 


4.138 


6.247 


565 


875 


2,084 


1.794 


2.821 


2.321 


546 


899 


194 


J 


15,664 


608 


4.825 


5.140 


627 


787 


1.443 


2.234 


3.237 


2.014 


586 


1.604 


188 


A 


14,312 


1,038 


3,397 


5.088 


573 


614 


1.185 


2.417 


2.386 


1.909 


569 


1.567 


174 


S 


17,659 


1,112 


4,056 


6.952 


599 


548 


1.702 


2,690 


2.276 


2.691 


521 


1,074 


186 





17,169 


977 


3,050 


6.350 


1,103 


558 


1.498 


3.633 


1,717 


2.883 


1.027 


1.547 


180 


N 


18,145 


1,044 


4,136 


6,445 


975 


903 


2.134 


2.508 


2.182 


2.753 


903 


1.067 


182 


D 


15,769 


1,190 


3.062 


5,773 


753 


815 


1.594 


2.582 


1.885 


1.948 


606 


1.401 


187 


1977 J 


14,629 


1,069 


3.041 


5.198 


602 


728 


1.683 


2.308 


2.034 


1.822 


540 


1.336 


190 


F 


13,165 


1.045 


2.798 


4.822 


188 


343 


1,827 


2.142 


1,797 


2.034 


126 


1.448 


197 


M 


14,577 


1,057 


3,442 


4,054 


425 


1.191 


2,325 


2.083 


2.027 


1.478 


374 


1,117 


228 


A 


13,513 


826 


2,626 


4.711 


375 


470 


2.324 


2,181 


2.005 


1.506 


337 


1.556 


184 


M 


16,811 


336 


4,476 


6.067 


472 


867 


2.313 


2.280 


3.105 


1.964 


450 


1.176 


190 


J 


18,672 


530 


4,544 


6.903 


730 


545 


3.081 


2,339 


2.971 


3.147 


603 


1.212 


205 


J 


17,557 


427 


6.452 


5.451 


336 


671 


2.133 


2.087 


1.758 


1.762 


327 


1,164 


210 


A 


22,534 


781 


7,087 


8,660 


803 


554 


2.757 


1.892 


4.380 


3.697 


789 


1.043 


282 


S 


18.504 


718 


5,350 


5,472 


780 


719 


2,092 


3.373 


3.292 


1.647 


682 


1,874 


196 


O 


18,888 


1,221 


3,604 


7.202 


672 


624 


3.388 


2,177 


1,658 


3.314 


642 


1.375 


201 


N 


19.205 


729 


4,167 


6,645 


700 


646 


4,016 


2.302 


2,484 


2.169 


645 


1.303 


192 


D 


18,162 


1,423 


4.083 


6,033 


797 


690 


2,872 


2,264 


2.683 


2.151 


767 


1.149 


214 


1978 J 


16,161 


689 


4.639 


4,363 


781 


693 


3.021 


1,975 


3.743 


1.462 


755 


1.282 


210 


F 


12,353 


525 


2.568 


4,856 


515 


364 


1.306 


1,719 


1,494 


1.299 


468 


1.008 


184 


M 


13.298 


1,064 


2.662 


5,226 


296 


271 


2.036 


1,743 


971 


2.075 


265 


1.037 


212 


A 


14,250 


561 


2.610 


5,638 


595 


803 


2.092 


1.951 


1.831 


2.909 


485 


1.284 


193 


M 


14,770 


707 


4,068 


4,613 


631 


813 


1.683 


2.255 


2.140 


1.234 


353 


1.494 


167 



Note Data are based on 1971 Census area definitions 
See footnote and source in Table 5 



94 



July 1978 

Table 8: Dwelling units' under construction, centres 10,000 and over 



Section 8-Tables 8 and 9 





























Canada 




























seasonally 


End 




















Metropolitan 


areas 




adjusted at 


of 




Atlantic 








Saskatch- 




British . 








annual 


period 


Canada 


provinces 


Quebec 


Ontario 


Manitoba 


ewan 


Alberta 


Columbia 


Montreal 


Toronto 


Winnipeg 


Vancouver 


(thousands) 


D 


4903 


4904 


4905 


4908 


4911 


4914 


4915 


4916 


4906 


4909 


4912 


4917 


4902 


1976 D 


168,282 


10,127 


36,349 


70,204 


4,722 


6.500 


22,587 


17,793 


27,551 


32,967 


4,246 


10,663 




1977 D 


158,216 


8,658 


30,832 


68,830 


5,213 


7,396 


22,577 


14,710 


21,058 


33,848 


4,336 


8,570 




1976 J 


160,494 


10,223 


33,940 


69,220 


5,385 


4,900 


16,864 


19,962 


25,199 


33,867 


4,955 


10,497 


160 


J 


165,382 


11,034 


34,635 


70,145 


5,709 


5,266 


18,561 


20,032 


25,575 


33,582 


5,263 


10,406 


161 


A 


165,762 


10,868 


33,967 


71,276 


5,421 


5,402 


1 9,888 


18,940 


24,658 


33,885 


4,954 


10,089 


161 


S 


166,018 


11,383 


34,116 


69,898 


5,722 


5,534 


20,591 


18,774 


25,322 


33,196 


5,191 


10,030 


161 


O 


164,967 


1 1 ,362 


33,539 


69,494 


5,107 


5,895 


21,639 


17,931 


24,665 


32,914 


4,560 


10,165 


160 


N 


167,228 


10,885 


35,018 


69,680 


4,960 


6,569 


22,311 


17,805 


26,024 


33,250 


4,392 


10.488 


165 


D 


168,282 


10,127 


36,349 


70,204 


4,722 


6,500 


22,587 


1 7,793 


27,551 


32,967 


4,246 


10.663 


166 


1977 J 


168,678 


9,480 


37,433 


68,869 


4,615 


6,242 


24,628 


17,411 


27,934 


31.873 


4,194 


10,439 


170 


F 


163,544 


8,672 


37,377 


66,686 


4,650 


6,089 


23,656 


16,414 


28,300 


30,636 


4,279 


9,954 


170 


M 


158,075 


7,372 


36,059 


65,220 


5,277 


5,442 


22,595 


16,110 


27,626 


29,976 


4,919 


9,270 


165 


A 


1 59,444 


7,057 


36,821 


65,268 


5,322 


5,898 


22,928 


16.150 


27,858 


30,610 


4,954 


8,965 


166 


M 


161,893 


7,365 


38,329 


65,522 


5,379 


5,562 


23,533 


16,203 


28,183 


31,733 


4,992 


9,017 


166 


J 


164,118 


7,540 


39,080 


67,578 


5,287 


5,593 


22,748 


16,292 


28,305 


32,307 


4,799 


9,168 


164 


J 


165,914 


8,061 


37,614 


69,741 


5,960 


5,400 


22,901 


16,237 


27,237 


33,320 


5,359 


8,929 


162 


A 


161,280 


8,448 


33,517 


68.195 


5,803 


5,583 


23,482 


16,252 


24,119 


32,575 


5,097 


8,872 


157 


S 


160,707 


8,693 


31,988 


68,919 


5,701 


5,654 


24,441 


15,311 


22,453 


33,460 


4,956 


8.396 


156 





158,565 


8,332 


31,878 


68,610 


5,370 


6,074 


23,202 


15.099 


22,375 


33.128 


4,614 


8,222 


154 


N 


156,700 


8,279 


31,614 


67,861 


5,231 


6,374 


22,204 


15,137 


22,019 


32,667 


4,409 


8,621 


155 


D 


158,216 


8,658 


30,832 


68,830 


5,213 


7,396 


22,577 


14,710 


21,058 


33,848 


4.336 


8,570 


156 


1978 J 


156,819 


8,333 


28,956 


68,347 


5,988 


7,744 


22,786 


14,665 


19,111 


34,127 


5,101 


8,597 


158 


F 


155,973 


8,070 


28,715 


66.090 


6,402 


7,628 


24,223 


14,845 


19,098 


33,654 


5,556 


8,874 


161 


M 


156,252 


7,266 


29,084 


64,421 


7,233 


7,811 


25,547 


14,890 


20.094 


33,821 


6,415 


9,106 


162 


A 


154,501 


6,931 


29,544 


62,944 


7,631 


7,409 


25,563 


14,479 


20,331 


32,843 


6,861 


8,677 


161 


M 


155,916 


6,913 


30,194 


63,333 


7.830 


7,369 


26,288 


13,989 


20,167 


33,381 


7,238 


8.193 


159 



See footnote and source in Table 5 



Table 9: Mortgage loans approvalsi 















New housing 












Conventioi 












Conventional lenders 








Dwelling units 






lal 




Under Na 


tional Housing 


Act2 








Total 
N.H.A. 












lenders 












National Housina 


Act 












Other 




Life 


















Existing 








approved 




insurance 


other com- 




conven- 




Other 




Conven- 




resi- 




Year 
and 


C.M.H.C. 


Ienders3 


Total 


companies 


panies3 


Total 


tional 


C.M.H.C. 


NH A. 


Total 


tional 


Total 


dential 


Other4 


month 






Million dollars 












Number 






Million dollars 


D 


2643 


2644 


2645 


2646 


2647 


2648 


2649 


2650 


2651 


2652 


2653 


2654 


2655 


2656 


1976 


542 


3,246 


3,788 


558 


1,952 


2,513 


6.299 


20,564 


97,652 


118,216 


71,765 


189,981 


3,223 


1,428 


1977 


339 


3,964 


4,302 


596 


2.082 


2,685 


6,978 


11,030 


1 1 8.734 


129,764 


72,612 


202,014 


5,717 


2,162 


1976 M 


27 


202 


229 


71 


211 


282 


511 


1,254 


5,755 


7,009 


7,696 


14,705 


321 


145 


A 


12 


250 


262 


69 


224 


293 


555 


393 


7.292 


7,685 


8,317 


16,002 


292 


126 


M 


32 


358 


390 


60 


193 


253 


643 


1,066 


10,301 


11.367 


6,982 


1 8,349 


262 


127 


J 


31 


304 


335 


49 


190 


239 


574 


1,149 


8,947 


10,096 


6,787 


16,883 


273 


144 


J 


43 


311 


354 


44 


172 


216 


570 


1,677 


9,411 


11,088 


6,094 


17,182 


294 


111 


A 


35 


371 


406 


40 


138 


178 


584 


1,276 


11,181 


1 2,457 


5,378 


17,835 


287 


132 


S 


44 


308 


352 


39 


128 


168 


520 


1,795 


9,185 


1 0,980 


4,986 


15,966 


275 


88 


O 


59 


318 


377 


37 


132 


169 


545 


2,550 


9,925 


12,475 


4,726 


17,201 


290 


105 


N 


89 


316 


405 


38 


149 


188 


592 


3,786 


9.720 


13,506 


5,420 


18,926 


280 


112 


D 


147 


325 


472 


37 


129 


167 


639 


4,551 


10,688 


15,239 


4,814 


20,053 


263 


190 


1977 J 


6 


135 


141 


18 


80 


99 


239 


229 


3,624 


3.853 


2,880 


6,703 


242 


97 


F 


2 


141 


143 


24 


102 


125 


269 


45 


4,060 


4,105 


3.539 


7,602 


381 


97 


M 


3 


290 


293 


49 


170 


220 


512 


98 


8,932 


9,030 


7,029 


16,045 


570 


280 


A 


6 


269 


275 


115 


241 


356 


631 


224 


8,081 


8,305 


9,284 


1 7,586 


568 


173 


M 


25 


367 


392 


63 


221 


284 


676 


745 


10,768 


11,513 


7,661 


19,174 


582 


283 


J 


17 


397 


414 


87 


209 


295 


709 


539 


12,389 


12.928 


7,773 


20,701 


611 


195 


J 


14 


357 


371 


39 


178 


225 


588 


442 


10,616 


11,058 


6,651 


17,436 


510 


182 


A 


35 


371 


406 


33 


181 


214 


620 


594 


10,437 


11,031 


5.647 


16,678 


511 


152 


S 


27 


420 


447 


46 


197 


243 


690 


1,093 


12,340 


13,433 


6,178 


19,611 


512 


189 


O 


51 


357 


408 


41 


187 


227 


635 


1,739 


11,122 


12,861 


5,587 


18,448 


458 


143 


N 


33 


400 


433 


47 


175 


222 


655 


1,073 


12,301 


13,374 


5,997 


19,371 


423 


156 


D 


120 


460 


579 


34 


141 


175 


754 


4,209 


14,064 


18,273 


4,386 


22,659 


349 


215 


1978 J 


5 


72 


78 


29 


119 


148 


226 


106 


1.943 


2,049 


3,521 


5,570 


306 


148 


F 


1 


65 


66 


21 


130 


151 


217 


31 


1,688 


1,719 


3,828 


5,547 


408 


156 



Note: Components may not add to totals due to rounding differences iData are on a gross basis I.e. they do not take account of cancellations or alterations of loans after 
initial approval. ?Agency loans (loans made by other lending institutions on behalf of C.M.H.C.) are included under C.M.H.C. 3|ncludes fraternal and mutual benefit socie- 
ties. Quebec savings banks and, since May 1967, chartered banks ^Includes new and existing commercial structures and farm property. 
Source: Canadian Housing Statistics, Central Mortgage and Housing Corporation. 



95 



Section 8-Table 10 

Table 10: Domestic shipments of building materials by Canadian manufacturers 



July 1978 













Rigid insulatinc 


board 








Hard 


board 










Concrete 






































prod ir^ts 












Flush 


Building 














Pre- 












Acoustic 






Sort 


Soft 


type 


board 












Not 


finished 








Concrete 


Concrete 


mineral 






wood, 


wood 


wooden 


(panels 


As- 


Roof 


Other 


Particle 


temper- 


wal 


or 


Gypsum products 


Portland 


blocks 


ready 


tiles & 






plywood 


umberl.2 


doors 


natural phalted 


insu- 


deco- 


)oard 


ed or 


ceiling 






cement2 


(gravel) 4 


mix 4 


ceiling 
panels2 












or sheatina 


lation 


rative 






treated 


panels 


Wall 










Year 




Million 




No. in 


coated) 


board 


board 


)oard 


rr 


ilhon 








board2 


Lath2 




No (000) 


(000) 


and 




sq. ft. 


Million 


thou- _ 










so ft 


Million 


sq. ft 








(000) 


8" 


cu. 


Million 




































block 






month 




%" 


bd. ft. 


sands 


Millions sq. ft. W basis 




W 


basis 


%" 


oasis 




Millions sq. ft. 


tons 


equ. 


yds. 


sq. ft. 




D 


340000 


340001 


340002 


340003 340004 340005 340006 


340007 


340008 


340009 


340010 


340011 


340012 


340013 


340014 


340015 


1976 




2,210 


14,623 


4,644 


60 


204 


81 


80 




440 


442 




30 


1,514 


73 


10,248 


176,224 


17,244 


37 


1977 




2,300 


16,970 


4,121 


57 


182 


76 


67 




428 


421 




89 


1,876 


X 


10,450 


157,906 


17,993 


36 


1976 


o 


185.1 


1,301.0 


- 


5.2 


16.2 


8.4 


8.0 




33.6 


41.6 




9.4 


127.0 


69 


1,044 


15,679 


1,739 


3.1 




N 


202.0 


1,279.2 


- 


5.2 


19.8 


8.3 


4.8 




40.0 


34.4 




8.4 


146.9 


67 


936 


1 7,278 


1,716 


3.5 




D 


182.0 


1,198.5 


1,022.8 


3.9 


15.2 


5.4 


5.0 




23.8 


24.6 




8.4 


122.2 


6.4 


517 


10,010 


863 


3.0 


1977 


J 


183.5 


1,224.1 


. 


2.7 


5.5 


4.0 


3.5 




27.6 


34.9 




5.3 


120.3 


4.0 


360 


5,644 


625 


2.1 




F 


164.7 


1,236.3 


- 


3.0 


9.8 


4.1 


5.6 




29.5 


38.7 




9.0 


137.3 


2.6 


410 


6,641 


731 


3.2 




M 


2335 


1,538.2 


1,019.5 


7.0 


24.4 


4.4 


11.0 




36.8 


52.8 




82 


159.8 


3.5 


584 


11,113 


954 


4.6 




A 


198 9 


1,438.0 


- 


5.5 


18.0 


4.3 


8.0 




34.0 


33.7 




9.8 


137.2 


4.6 


731 


12,975 


1,382 


3.3 




M 


189.8 


1,421.3 


- 


40 


13.0 


5.1 


4.1 




37.3 


35.4 




5.1 


139.8 


48 


1,081 


16.993 


1.947 


3.0 




J 


221.4 


1,562.5 


1,1296 


40 


18.7 


5.0 


3.9 




400 


40.2 




7.1 


162.1 


6.5 


1.256 


17,772 


2.202 


3.1 




J 


195.4 


1,352.8 


- 


4.8 


22.0 


4.0 


3.2 




30.9 


35.5 




6.5 


140.1 


7.0 


1.114 


14,291 


1,788 


2.5 




A 


176.9 


1,510.4 


- 


5.1 


18.2 


8.6 


5.5 




41.3 


40.5 




4.8 


169.4 


7.0 


1,246 


17,550 


2,046 


2.4 




s 


199.6 


1,518.7 


1,005.8 


6.0 


15.4 


8.0 


5.6 




42.1 


38.4 




9.9 


177.0 


X 


1,142 


17.548 


1,872 


3.6 




o 


199.6 


1,478.4 


- 


4.8 


13.6 


8.9 


6.0 




41.6 


30.0 




65 


166.8 


5.2 


1,121 


1 5,474 


2,026 


2.6 




N 


174.5 


1,406.0 


- 


5.7 


15.2 


12.6 


6.1 




41.0 


25.5 


10( 


1853 


67 


922 


14,069 


1,598 


3.4 




D 


161.8 


1,282.8 


965.7 


3.6 


8.2 


68 


4.8 




25.7 


15.3 




60 


180.7 


X 


483 


7.836 


822 


2.4 


1978 


J 


201.1 


1,355.0 


. 


2.8 


6.2 


5.1 


50 




27 1 


19.6 




5.3 


129.6 


X 


336 


5.260 


602 


0.1 




F 


182.9 


1,285.5 


- 


2.9 


10.4 


5.8 


7.8 




25.0 


35.2 




6.9 


144.5 


X 


433 


6,140 


770 


0.1 




M 


197.6 


1,593.9 




7.2 


26.4 


04 


9.5 




30.4 


37.9 




8.6 


169.9 


X 


521 


8.831 


928 


2.6 












Iron and steel products 












Mineral 


Asphalt products 




Mechan- 








Lava- 




Fur- 






Constructions 












tories 
(wash 


Steel 


naces, 
warm air 


Locks & 














w 
b 


oo I for 








ical 
refrige- 


Paints. 




Concrete 








Cold 




uilding 


Asphalt 


Roofing 


var- 






Sinks2 


basins)2 


wire, 


(all 


latch 


rein- 




Hot 


reduced Galva- 




msu- shingles 


asphalt 


Clay 


rators 


nishes & 






(all 


(all 


nails2 


fuels)2.3 


sets2 


forcing 
bars 


rolled 


sheets 


ni7ed 




lation 






bricks 




lacquers 


Year 




kinds) 


kinds) 


(000) 
net tons 




value 
$000 


sheets 


& 


strip sheets 






Roof 

■quares 
000 


(000) 
tons 




No in 
thou- 
sands 




and 


(000) 
units 




Million ; 
sq ft 


No in 
millions 


value 


month 


No. in thousands 




(000) 


let tons 




$000 




D 


340016 


340017 


340018 


340019 


340020 


340021 


340022 


340023 340024 


340025 


340026 


340027 


340028 


340029 


340030 


1976 




560 


693 


144 


184 


33,770 


331 




128 




43 


346 




819 


7,496 


135 


595 


499 


398.908 


1977 




624 


704 


161 


204 


36,480 


358 




126 




37 


347 




1,051 


7,039 


127 


599 


512 


430,020 


1976 


O 


48.8 


52.5 


11.6 


22.0 


2,4558 


20.3 




12.0 




3.5 


31.9 




91.4 


705.7 


11.4 


61.6 


390 


31.073.5 




N 


40.2 


55.6 


12.4 


21 5 


2,629.1 


28.1 




11.4 




23 


294 




863 


3979 


15.1 


56.1 


380 


26.805.3 




D 


42.3 


43.8 


8.7 


15.5 


2,6930 


280 




9.5 




44 


23.3 




79.9 


3388 


11.0 


37.7 


405 


23.256 1 


1977 


J 


64.9 


67.5 


8.2 


14.0 


2,711.9 


15.6 




87 




3.1 


26.9 




91.6 


706.7 


6.4 


23.7 


32.8 


26.5323 




F 


48.0 


48.4 


10 6 


11.4 


3.034 2 


200 




10.3 




26 


202 




74.9 


644 9 


85 


252 


34.0 


31.208 9 




M 


50.7 


63.1 


14.7 


15.2 


3,847.0 


35.6 




7.9 




3.1 


25.2 




72.1 


7622 


9.7 


47.8 


42.1 


39.131.1 




A 


47.1 


54.8 


13.7 


13.3 


3,211.2 


23.6 




8.6 




4.0 


26.4 




637 


613.2 


11.2 


500 


395 


39.400.5 




M 


59.7 


608 


14.9 


14.2 


2.8659 


28.7 




8.7 




4.1 


282 




634 


627.0 


11.3 


623 


39.0 


45.3765 




J 


58.7 


91.4 


16.4 


20.6 


3,198.7 


41 9 




12 9 




3.5 


31.2 




643 


5309 


12.1 


645 


56.7 


39.291 7 




J 


38.2 


54.9 


13.8 


15.5 


3,0143 


32.9 




98 




3.6 


38.1 




866 


5275 


10.3 


508 


48.3 


39.2284 




A 


39.1 


60.9 


14.1 


19.3 


3,314.8 


30.7 




9.3 




3.5 


30.7 




928 


7596 


12.0 


626 


43.6 


39.6829 




S 


47.1 


67.9 


16.5 


22.4 


3,272.9 


37.3 




116 




2.4 


33.7 




96.3 


804.2 


13.8 


65.3 


55.0 


38.0656 




O 


47.1 


53.5 


14.0 


21.2 


2.518.9 


39 1 




12 




2.5 


32.7 




118 3 


5279 


12.1 


620 


41.6 


34.0478 




N 


55.3 


40.3 


13.6 


20.5 


2,870.9 


32.1 




13.7 




2.4 


32.9 




116.9 


332.7 


12.6 


55.1 


42.1 


33.041 5 




D 


68.1 


40.3 


10 8 


16.2 


2,619.5 


20.9 




12.8 




2.2 


208 




110.0 


202.2 


7.3 


300 


37.6 


25.012 7 


1978 


J 


522 


93.2 


11.4 


12.7 


2.140 9 


19.1 




12.3 




67 


376 




100 2 


474.8 


72 


15 9 


30.2 


29.231.5 




F 


45.1 


54.5 


137 


10.9 


2.3803 


20.1 




15.9 




6.8 


32.5 




103.1 


581 6 


8.5 


232 


37.7 


33.7285 




M 


50.2 


61.8 


13.9 


15.6 


3,3908 


292 




148 




9.7 


483 




7999 


7820 


10.2 


344 


39.3 


43.0377 



1 In this context, "softwood" refers to wood from conilerous trees, and hardwood to wood from broadleafed species ?lncludes export shipments 3Shipments by principal 
manufacturers. Total domestic shipments are somewhat higher ^production for these items A reported by principal manufacturers Total production is somewhat higher 

^Building contractors, public and utility construction and structural steel fabricators 
Sources: Peeler Logs, Veneers, and Plywoods (35-001), Production. Shipments and Stocks on Hand of Sawmills East of the Rockies (35-002). Production, Shipments 
and Stocks on Hand of Sawmills in B.C. (35-003). Quarterly Shipments of Flush Type Doors (wood) by Canadian Manufacturers (35-004). Hardboard (36-001). Rigid 
Insulating Board (36-002), Particle Board (36-003), Primary Iron and Steel (41-001), Stoves and Furnaces (41-005). Steel Wire and Specified Wire Products (41-006). 
Domestic Refrigerators and Freezers (43-001), Cement (44-001), Concrete Products (44-002). Gypsum Products (44-003), Mineral Wool (44-004). Products made from 
Canadian Clays (44-005), Asphalt Roofing (45-001), Sales of Paints, Varnishes, and Lacquers (46-001). Statistics Canada. 



96 



Section 9 • Food and Agriculture 

98 1. Farm Cash Receipts, by Source 

99 2. Farm Implement and Equipment Sales at Wholesale Prices, by Province 
100 3. Inspected Slaughter and Cold Storage Stocks 

100 4. Selected Agricultural Price Indexes 

101 5. Exports of Grains and Livestock Products 

101 6. Milk, Milk Products and Eggs 

102 7. Fisheries Statistics 

103 8. Manufactured Food 

104 9. Sugar 



97 



Section 9-Table 1 

Table 1: Farm cash receiptsi, by source (million dollars) 



July 1978 



Year 

and 
month 





Supple- 
mentary 
payments 


Total 
cash 

receipts 
from 

farming 
opera- 
tions 












Crops 






Total 
cash 
;eipts 


Total 
crops 


Wheat 


Wheat 
C.WB 
partici- 
pation 
payments 


Oats 


Oats, 
CWB 

partici- 
pation 
payments 


Barley 


Barley. 
C.WB. 
partici- 
pation 
payments 


C.WB 

net cash 

advance 

payments 



Rye Flaxseed Rapeseed 



200000 200001 



200002 200003 200004 200005 200006 200007 200008 200009 200010 200011 



200012 



1976 
1977 



1976 J 
J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 

1977 J 
F 
M 
A 
M 
J 
J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 

1978 J 

F 
M 
A 
M 



832,006 
868,140 
637,117 
998,125 
815,302 
778,254 
767,958 

1.213,568 
756.315 
690,111 
672,747 
706.206 
843,921 
855,624 
760,994 
1,007,661 
1,039,693 
885,062 
740,046 

1,238,044 
774,150 
895,337 
753,684 
930,724 



X 


321,799 


197,310 


38 


7,058 


X 


443,076 


318,880 


26 


14,544 


X 


213,098 


86,834 


- 


3,494 


X 


485,335 


234,270 


17,898 


9,340 


X 


392,495 


1 25,704 


- 


6,870 


X 


348,614 


151,523 


- 


5,436 


X 


218,252 


122,449 


- 


4,238 


X 


809,910 


35,816 


83,857 


3,550 


X 


390,398 


101,070 


21,983 


3,851 


X 


226,721 


79,461 


9.204 


4,773 


X 


213,692 


85,976 


49 


4,038 


X 


232,791 


108,733 


16 


4,061 


X 


308.016 


200,320 


15 


6,969 


X 


377,124 


210,365 


16 


9,632 


X 


286,514 


202,280 


- 


1,413 


X 


443,848 


205,225 


15,889 


2,539 


X 


539,989 


217,168 


- 


6,927 


X 


379,523 


135,750 


- 


7,108 


X 


220.465 


84,240 


- 


3,807 


X 


801,253 


52,978 


119.016 


3,314 


X 


334,443 


62,105 


- 


3.638 


895,337 


319,772 


1 29,695 


- 


4.750 


753,684 


226,483 


76,101 


- 


4,046 


930,724 


382,656 


160,158 


- 


4,587 



13,956 



5,258 



42,119 
65,121 
19,239 
59,551 
73,457 
54,416 
34,769 

13,479 
16,612 
17,248 
16,817 
26,319 
40,428 
91,451 
6,292 
16,575 
36.663 
32.184 
20.185 

30.500 
23,495 
41,862 
25,923 

35,711 



102,280 



84.798 



-2,722 


2,882 


12,965 


24,725 


-1,717 


9.246 


19,525 


50,774 


-885 


7.864 


2,935 


14,818 


12,699 


2,922 


13,287 


25,978 


34,011 


925 


6,384 


14.645 


15,297 


424 


2,198 


11,654 


71 


614 


1.749 


13,929 


11,193 


854 


2,107 


14,448 


-6,327 


1.312 


5,252 


33.232 


-9,295 


1,188 


6,125 


31,966 


-6,689 


1,147 


11.033 


50,193 


•10,021 


721 


3,231 


29.623 


•20.273 


1,654 


4,441 


•16,080 


-9.222 


6,129 


7,547 


14,358 


-5.006 


3.318 


1,021 


10.449 


12,600 


1.825 


6.900 


58,483 


15.011 


1.390 


25.578 


117,466 


16,945 


1.656 


11.370 


38.415 


16.755 


546 


5.621 


31.101 


7.871 


293 


4.816 


35.740 


-2.307 


938 


3.584 


25.267 


-16.041 


2.141 


8,538 


60,138 


-8.221 


1.574 


9.022 


35.899 


■11,725 


1.055 


9.791 


33.225 



Year 
and 
month 



Soybeans 



Crops 



Corn 



Sugar 
beets 



Potatoes 













Liquida- 




Flori- 








tion of 




culture 






Deferred 


deferred 


Vege- 


and 




Other 


grain 


gram 


tables 


nursery 


Tobacco 


crops 


receipts 


receipts 



Livestock and products 



Total 



Cattle 



Calves 



200015 200016 200017 



200021 



200022 205069 205070 200034 200035 200036 



1976 
1977 



1976 J 
J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 

1977 J 
F 
M 
A 
M 
J 
J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 

1978 J 

F 
M 
A 
M 



13,671 
4,436 
3,908 
2,634 
9,349 
8,283 
4,433 

8.572 

12,397 

8.873 

8.365 

3.147 

3.473 

752 

994 

371 

14,023 

10,631 

7,070 

12,493 

17,195 

3,300 

7,110 

18,175 



12.994 

8.753 

6,757 

8,450 

22,020 

28,731 

15,146 

8.360 

10,430 

12,709 

11,280 

14,089 

16.110 

9.491 

8.697 

7.382 

23,863 

25,281 

9,331 

7,677 
14,613 
13,474 
27,333 
17,827 



1,119 

1,953 
1,387 

20,733 
5.246 



675 

1,916 
1,206 

1,161 
1,350 
2,709 
18,094 
4,171 



2,328 



1,666 
1,181 



7.259 
8.995 
12,549 
15,660 
29,427 
23.537 
19,115 

19.791 
1 8.244 
18.710 
21.494 
11,915 
5.764 
11,834 
15.842 
18,281 
28,925 
18,220 
14,482 

13,634 
14,098 
13,748 
14,039 
9.520 



9.127 
22.261 
19.747 
32.555 
15.814 

9.214 
11,768 

6.881 

4.168 

2,776 

2,816 

1,690 

10,327 

27,051 

23,995 

36,001 

18.716 

11.060 

13,524 

7,145 
4,377 
2.865 
2,558 
1,730 



9.733 
31.275 
28,264 
64,153 
27.132 
16,015 
15.755 

13.974 

11.793 

9,580 

8,381 

8,501 

9,771 

31,032 

28.080 

63.600 

26.971 

16.167 

15.770 

14,340 

12.096 

9.817 

8.581 

8.677 



30.844 
7,784 
7.782 
23.154 
23.155 
7,781 
7.780 

8.611 

8.611 

8.611 

8,611 

35,116 

35,116 

8.612 

8.612 

26.283 

26,288 

8,617 

8.617 

8,694 
8,694 
8.694 
8.694 
38.167 



18.875 



42.222 
27.129 

40.842 
34.307 
28.822 



56.090 
22.568 

50.116 
48.166 
40.531 
16.576 



7.745 
8.871 
7,127 
21.643 
39.515 
19.102 
13.006 

13,888 

10.080 

8.064 

4,794 

5,699 

6.694 

8,921 

8.658 

25.955 

47.405 

34.618 

24.504 

13.005 
9.455 
6.928 
3.901 
4.197 



-73.943 
-125.698 
-9.288 
-60.270 
-35,913 
-67,952 
-78.945 

-22.583 
-12.853 
-12.769 
-14.613 
-11.965 
-30.079 
-50.845 
-29,292 
-55,411 
-69.114 
-62.683 
-61.827 

-14,413 
-3,355 

-10.668 
-8.319 
-9.620 



546.270 



434.034 



469.005 


176.492 


11.505 


397.256 


131.212 


8.616 


388.788 


125.761 


7.886 


479.810 


190.384 


10.995 


388.366 


139.307 


10.905 


387.234 


144.435 


17.327 


468.664 


187,716 


13.148 


362.297 


130.864 


9.286 


341.514 


122.363 


8.981 


438.857 


175.808 


15.931 


384,988 


134,599 


16,251 


423.903 


148.124 


11.870 


499,717 


192.589 


12.122 


439.087 


148.215 


8.248 


429.448 


135.490 


8.445 


524.877 


202.794 


14.223 


460.145 


171.505 


16.946 


462.622 


181.896 


23.697 


478.337 


182.693 


15.947 


410.363 


149.604 


12.552 


418.448 


159.047 


14,083 


525.836 


235.292 


22.421 


490.521 


207.924 


18.412 


515.672 


199.333 


16.142 



1 Excludes Newfoundland 

Source: Farm Cash Receipts (21-001), Statistics Canada 



98 



July 1978 

Table 1: Farm cash receipts), by source (million dollars) 



Section 9-Tables 1 and 2 



















Forest 






Provincial 








Livestock and products 








and 


Dairy 




income 


Year 
















maple 


supple- 




stabili- 


and 








Dairy 








products 


mentary 


Deficiency 


zation 


month 


Hogs 


Sheep 


Lambs 


products 


.Poultry 


Eggs 


Other 


total 


payments 


payments 


program 


D 


200037 


200038 


200039 


200040 


200041 


200042 


200043 


200049 


200052 


,200053 


206686 


1976 
























1977 
























1976 J 


83.638 


95 


1,137 


132,296 


37,061 


22,792 


3,989 


- 


37,964 


558 


2,680 


J 


62,956 


57 


705 


121,554 


44.691 


23,675 


3,790 


- 


24,299 


829 


2,680 


A 


60,575 


74 


678 


116,657 


49,639 


23,877 


3,641 


- 


32,135 


415 


2,681 


S 


78,417 


128 


1,169 


111,117 


53,583 


22,841 


11,176 


1.912 


27.577 


810 


2,681 


O 


56,360 


116 


1,080 


103,493 


45,090 


23,719 


8,296 


5,763 


24,806 


1,191 


2,681 


N 


55,221 


123 


1,048 


97,126 


40,585 


23,576 


7,793 


7,613 


21,750 


10,362 


2,681 


D 


84,564 


146 


1,426 


95,162 


45,690 


24,092 


16,720 


3,855 


30,069 


2,533 


44,585 


1977 J 


58,767 


80 


848 


92,824 


31.758 


24,105 


13,765 


2,111 


13.704 


461 


25,085 


F 


62,381 


105 


694 


87,666 


32,112 


21,958 


5,254 


2,108 


1 5.009 


209 


7,077 


M 


80,074 


277 


1,131 


103,570 


32.250 


24,400 


5.416 


4,282 


13,258 


1.006 


5,987 


A 


57,323 


208 


913 


117,153 


31.431 


23,088 


4,022 


18,248 


11.411 


5,942 


38,466 


M 


63,248 


111 


463 


132,736 


37,246 


25,287 


4,818 


13,815 


23,649 


3,180 


8,868 


J 


80,190 


147 


834 


144,443 


39.904 


25,286 


4,202 


- 


23,012 


1 0,404 


2,772 


J 


66,520 


84 


553 


139,930 


46,591 


24,407 


4,539 


- 


28,181 


8,540 


2,692 


A 


64,752 


138 


865 


137,397 


53,980 


23,980 


4.401 


- 


32,697 


9,643 


2,692 


S 


85,862 


197 


1,173 


129,649 


53,779 


21,742 


1 5.458 


2,085 


29,707 


4,453 


2,691 


O 


67,087 


180 


850 


121,297 


48,402 


22,356 


11,522 


6.372 


28,155 


2,341 


2,691 


N 


73,860 


114 


843 


107,695 


41,838 


22,027 


10,652 


8,588 


29,285 


2,353 


2,691 


D 


84,043 


214 


1,134 


108,280 


46,535 


22,534 


16,957 


4,403 


21,379 


158 


1 5,304 


1978 J 


70,949 


192 


986 


100.865 


35,147 


24,713 


15,355 


2,456 


15,898 


1,241 


6,833 


F 


85,848 


138 


600 


95,682 


33,254 


23,345 


6,451 


2.458 


14,959 


509 


3,333 


M 


92,946 


354 


1,286 


109,005 


33.075 


24,924 


6,533 


4,930 


13,144 


24,822 


6,833 


A 


82,294 


388 


1,046 


116,544 


34.181 


24,696 


5,036 


20,124 


10,402 


2,821 


3,333 


M 


89,008 


279 


791 


143,330 


37,080 


23,835 


5,874 


15,272 


13,019 


772 


3,333 



1 Excludes Newfoundland 

Source: Farm Cash Receipts (21-001), Statistics Canada. 

Table 2: Farm implement and equipment sales, by province' (million dollars) 



Year 








All machines 














Repair parts 








and 
quarter 


Canada2 


Atlantic 
prov 


Que. 


Ont. Man. 


Sask 


Alta 


B.C. 


Canada 


Atlantic 
prov. 


Que. 


Ont Man 


Sask. 


Alta. 


B.C. 


D 


2939 


2940 


2941 


2942 2943 


2944 


2945 


2946 


2947 


2948 


2949 


2950 2951 


2952 


2953 


2954 



1976 
1977 



1,134.09 
1,072.48 



27.69 125.79 239.98 125.37 315.52 268.06 
26 46 155.01 235 75 118 06 260.71 243.77 



1975 2 280.02 

3 317.85 

4 253.29 

1976 1 174.40 

2 307.81 

3 395.92 

4 255.96 

1977 1 163.73 

2 268.07 

3 357.32 

4 28336 

1978 1 153.92 



6.91 
8.64 
4.60 

3.66 
7.38 
9.39 
7.26 



33.25 
36.08 
23.99 

18.61 
35.17 
43.69 
28.32 



59.86 
58.00 
74.84 

32.69 
67.83 
72.33 
67.13 



31.46 
3838 
25.22 

19.03 
3365 
47.10 
25.59 



78.79 
84.28 
66.11 

53.45 

86.66 

113.35 

62.06 



61 43 
81.20 
5648 

43.07 
67 20 
98.60 
59.19 



3 68 28.55 36.93 13.16 40.69 36.02 



3168 154.72 

32.72 160.04 

8.32 4146 

11.27 49.55 

205 22.95 

3.89 3342 

9.92 4147 

11.46 51.89 

6.41 27.94 

470 35.26 



753 
8.73 
6.52 

3.81 



39.48 
45.96 
41.02 



61.72 
63.56 
73.54 



27.07 
4695 
30.88 



63.01 
9276 
64 25 



6029 
8638 
61.08 



8.97 

12.98 

6.07 



42.11 
5093 
31.74 



19.72 37.13 15.74 37.65 34.64 



5.23 39.11 



5.84 
6.32 

1.74 
1.76 
0.93 

1.35 
1.64 
2.00 
0.85 

1.45 
1.65 
1.94 
1.28 

2.72 



25.34 
2850 

8.31 
7.92 
1.50 

5.44 
6.16 
8.11 
5.63 

6.74 
7.05 
8.27 
6.44 

5.25 



38.03 
41.10 

9.39 

10 22 

7.26 

8.50 
10.48 
1031 

8.74 

9.28 
11.16 
11.03 

9.63 

9.16 



15.48 
16.84 

3.96 
5.28 
2.45 

2.65 
4.50 
5.73 
2.60 

2.78 
4.52 
6.38 
3.16 

3.85 



35.96 
32.77 

941 

12.49 

5.02 

8.06 

9.52 

13.64 

4.74 

7.20 

9.10 

11.42 

5.05 

884 



30.04 
29.90 

7.41 
10.69 
4.79 

6.73 

7.95 

10.74 

4.62 

7.02 

7.26 

10.10 

5.52 

8.02 



4.03 
4.60 

1.24 
1.19 
1.00 

0.69 
1.22 
1.36 
0.76 

0.79 
1.37 
1.79 
066 

1.27 



Note: Components may not add to totals due to rounding. lThe estimates for the current year are subject to revision since the factors used in the blow-up are based on 
the previous years' operations and may change when the current annual totals for all firms are known the following year. 2The above table covers all sales to users and 
includes sales by manufacturers through their dealers and agents as well as the sales of importers made directly to users. Even though sales are to users, i.e. farmers, val- 
ues are stated at the dealer's net buying price or at wholesale price. 
Source: Farm implement and Equipment Sales (63-009), Statistics Canada. 



99 



Section 9 Tables 3 and 4 

Table 3: Inspected slaughter and cold storage stocks 



July 1978 







Inspected slaughter 


(thousands) 






Cold storage stocks. 


end of period (million pounds) 




Year 




















and 






Sheep and 








Mutton 


Pork. 




month 


Cattle 


Calves 


lambs 


Hogs 


Beef 


Veal 


and lamb 


total 


Poultryl 


D 


2971 


2972 


2973 


2974 


2975 


2976 


2977 


2978 


2980 


1976 


3,676 


655 


186 


7,393 


83.7 


5.4 


5.7 


31.0 


76.4 


1977 


3761 


646 


133 


8,007 


638 


3.5 


5.5 


26.9 


71.2 


1976 J 


272 


38 


13 


521 


69.7 


6.3 


5.6 


29.0 


73.7 


A 


277 


42 


14 


530 


72.2 


6.7 


6.6 


30.5 


90.4 


S 


376 


57 


20 


706 


80.5 


6.3 


6.0 


25.7 


95.3 


O 


293 


50 


17 


586 


76.3 


6.0 


6.2 


29.0 


103.5 


N 


301 


60 


18 


521 


81.8 


6.2 


6.1 


32.9 


108.6 


D 


371 


60 


22 


845 


83.7 


5.4 


5.7 


31.1 


76.4 


1977 J 


304 


44 


12 


641 


80.0 


4.4 


56 


31.7 


79.6 


F 


292 


45 


8 


634 


83.5 


4.3 


6.9 


35.2 


81.0 


M 


364 


88 


13 


814 


81.3 


4.2 


8.3 


35.6 


75.2 


A 


266 


75 


8 


617 


78.0 


5.0 


8.4 


38.0 


74.2 


M 


296 


56 


7 


595 


72.9 


48 


8.0 


33.5 


74.4 


J 


363 


52 


9 


714 


68.5 


4.8 


7.8 


30.9 


75.0 


J 


290 


37 


9 


586 


61.3 


4.2 


65 


29.1 


85.6 


A 


277 


40 


12 


576 


57.5 


3.7 


5.6 


25.4 


998 


S 


371 


56 


16 


785 


55.8 


3.3 


4.2 


25.0 


103 2 


O 


294 


49 


12 


637 


50.7 


3.8 


3.7 


26.6 


104.9 


N 


305 


54 


11 


672 


56.4 


3.7 


5.4 


28.5 


108.1 


D 


339 


49 


15 


737 


63.8 


3.5 


5.5 


26.9 


71.2 


1978 J 


292 


43 


7 


611 


65.0 


3.4 


4.2 


24.2 


75.2 


F 


290 


43 


6 


685 


642 


3.3 


5.5 


27.2 


69.2 


M 


343 


79 


10 


855 


58.9 


3.1 


5.3 


28.1 


59.5 


A 


280 


63 


5 


730 


68.7 


2.6 


46 


28.7 


53.8 


M 










66.9 


24 


4.2 


28.8 


483 


J 


















47.3 



'Excludes stocks in (railway) transit after June 30, 1968 

Source: Stocks of Dairy and Frozen Poultry Products (32-009); Stocks ot Frozen Meat Products (32-012). Statistics Canada; Canada, Livestock and Meat Trade Re- 
port, Agriculture Canada. 

Table 4: Selected agricultural price indexes (1961 = 100) 

Farm input price index', and selected components. Canada 

Farm machinery 
and motor vehicles2 



Land and buildings 



Year 
quarter 
and month 



Total Building 

farm Major replace- Properly 

inputs group3 ment taxes 



Farm Hired 

machinery Machin- farm 

and motor ery and labour 

vehicle motor . 



Other materials and services 



Mapr replace- vehicle Maior Mapr 

group ment2 operation? group group 4 Feed 



Farm 

prices ot 

Feeder agricultural 
cattle products 



604001 604002 604003 604007 604009 604010 604027 604031 604035 604041 



604036 



604045 



3005 



1976 
1977 

1976 J 
J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 

1977 J 
F 
M 
A 
M 
J 
J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 

1978 J 

F 
M 
A 
M 



2319 2854 270.3 1653 195.2 1893 1998 336.1 2104 2134 

245 8 299 3 294 1 182 7 2112 205 1 216.0 369 3 217 6 217.1 



233.0 2860 273.1 1653 1946 1888 199.2 342 1 211.5 217.9 

235.2 289.3 279 9 165 3 200 4 193.4 205 9 355.7 207 8 211.1 



2403 



247.3 



2472 



248.2 



2953 



297.3 



301.3 



303.1 



2833 



2888 



2997 



304 5 



165.3 



188 5 



188 5 



1885 



2048 



210.2 



212.1 



2176 



200 7 



2028 



2055 



211.3 



2080 



216.1 



217.4 



2225 



360.1 



366 6 



3735 



377.1 



2132 



223 8 



2186 



2146 



2170 



2300 



216 6 



204 6 



184 8 
185.5 



180 6 



177.6 



179.1 



188 4 



187 6 



186 9 



179 9 
1924 



1746 



166.1 



175 6 



1929 



1974 



203 6 



2226 
217.6 

231.9 
2305 
2149 
2145 
2087 
2100 
211.0 

211.4 
2130 
2150 
2189 
2228 
224 7 
223.8 
2179 
2148 
214.2 
216.5 
2185 

219.1 



'Price indexes of inputs measure only changes in prices ot units of inputs They do not reflect other important changes in costs of production, such as changing quantities and 
productivity of inputs They should not be interpreted, therefore, as equivalent to indexes of cost per unit ot output Direct comparison of them with price indexes of output can 
yield misleading indications of the changing relationship of costs and income 2Farm share only of motor vehicles 3|n addition to the components listed, the maior group 
includes Building Repairs, Fencing Construction and Repairs. Mortgage Credit, and Farm Rent 4 ln addition to components listed, the maior group includes Seed. Custom 
Work, Artificial Insemination, Small Tools and Supplies, and Electricity 
Sources: Prices and Price Indexes (62-002), Index Numbers o( Farm Prices ot Agricultural Products (62-003), Statistics Canada. 

100 



July 1978 

Table 5: Exports of grains and livestock products 



Section 9-Tables 5 and 6 























Livestock products (million pounds) 


















































Beef, 
veal. 






























Eggs in 


Year 




Flour 












fresh, 


Bacon 






Skim 




the shell 


and 




in terms 












chilled 


hams & 


Canned 




milk 




(million 


month 


Wheat 


of wheat 


Oats 


Barley 


Rye 


Flaxseed 


Rapeseed 


or frozen 


shoulders 


meats 


Cheese 


powder 


Poultry 


dozens)! 


D 


30 1 9 


3020 


3021 


3022 


3023 


3031 


3032 


3024 


3025 


3026 


3027 


3028 


3029 


3030 


1976 


394.82 


22.05 


25.27 


196.51 


6.56 


8.59 


31.51 


87.39 


1.57 


3.90 


5.16 


218.89 


0.76 


2.00 


1977 


565.72 


26.49 


17.55 


131.36 


8.75 


12.48 


45.94 


80.24 


1.19 


0.77 


4.16 


367.49 


0.64 


7.78 


1976 M 


48.25 


0.23 


1.09 


17.69 


1.42 


1.12 


1.58 


8.93 


0.06 


0.02 


0.29 


29.80 


0.03 


0.11 


J 


45.66 


228 


3.87 


19.02 


1.84 


0.74 


2.64 


999 


0.13 


0.04 


0.64 


30.86 


- 


0.16 


J 


32.66 


3.03 


1.06 


17.46 


0.13 


0.35 


2.94 


7.76 


0.10 


0.05 


0.47 


32.95 


0.01 


0.09 


A 


37.46 


1.97 


3.16 


17.53 


0.14 


1.33 


2.82 


9.02 


0.18 


0.02 


0.42 


12 65 


20 


0.28 


S 


33.00 


1.42 


4.25 


22.23 


0.42 


0.51 


2.49 


9.42 


008 


0.04 


0.54 


17.87 


0.17 


0.36 


O 


41.00 


2.98 


4.82 


23.60 


1.33 


0.69 


2.91 


9.76 


0.23 


0.02 


0.44 


2439 


0.09 


0.19 


N 


34.96 


2.12 


4.31 


22.28 


049 


1.52 


4.23 


2.72 


0.16 


0.22 


0.88 


24.73 


009 


0.17 


D 


29.24 


1.41 


1.59 


16.87 


0.19 


0.89 


2.57 


1.90 


0.15 


0.02 


0.32 


14.24 


0.06 


0.1 1 


1977 J 


21.36 


2.78 


0.09 


7.48 


0.57 


0.80 


3.22 


9.72 


0.08 


0.02 


0.14 


20.15 


. 


14 


F 


29.19 


1.78 


1.34 


4.32 


0.11 


0.45 


3.27 


8.41 


0.08 


0.01 


0.15 


34.78 


0.05 


0.13 


M 


26.22 


2.98 


022 


601 


0.80 


0.56 


3.50 


10.50 


0.09 


0.02 


0.25 


38.60 


0.06 


0.29 


A 


36.38 


2.01 


2.80 


7.58 


0.65 


0.54 


4.56 


9 80 


0.10 


006 


0.24 


28.31 


0.01 


0.33 


M 


51.84 


2.22 


4.48 


13.10 


0.86 


3.75 


7.18 


8.34 


0.16 


0.09 


0.33 


25.24 


0.05 


1.00 


J 


72.02 


2.31 


308 


15.26 


0.42 


1.38 


4.91 


7.41 


0.14 


0.06 


0.26 


3865 


0.08 


1.46 


J 


54.42 


1.76 


1.78 


9.50 


0.61 


0.54 


3.28 


5.04 


0.10 


0.20 


0.26 


36.50 


0.05 


1.48 


A 


60.08 


1.16 


1.21 


8.61 


0.70 


1.09 


2.71 


4.43 


0.08 


0.01 


0.40 


37.89 


0.05 


1.49 


S 


53.95 


1.56 


0.92 


8.76 


0.35 


0.56 


2.13 


4.59 


0.04 


0.19 


0.36 


28.11 


0.06 


0.79 





60.84 


2.33 


1.12 


11.04 


0.67 


0.77 


3.95 


4.58 


0.10 


0.02 


0.64 


34.08 


0.07 


0.12 


N 


54.73 


2.37 


0.1 1 


2050 


1.54 


1.20 


4.14 


2.98 


008 


0.04 


0.34 


22.13 


0.05 


0.27 


D 


44.71 


3.23 


0.40 


19.20 


1.46 


0.83 


307 


4.44 


0.15 


0.04 


0.80 


23.03 


0.12 


0.29 


1978 J 


22.20 


1 03 


0.55 


8.99 


1.13 


0.32 


4.45 


5.37 


0.04 


. 


0.29 


32.31 


0.04 


1.01 


F 


21.70 


3.45 


0.07 


9.31 


0.57 


0.11 


4.60 


11.41 


0.12 


0.03 


028 


26.16 


0.22 


1.93 


M 


28.10 


3.68 


0.06 


8.91 


0.64 


0.51 


3.25 


6.89 


0.08 


005 


0.29 


2781 


0.14 


1.66 


A 
















7.01 


0.26 


0.04 


0.31 


2346 


0.34 


0.99 



1 Includes eggs for hatching. 

Sources: Coarse Grains Review (22-001), Wheat Review (22-005) Exports by Commodities (65-004), Statistics Canada. 

Table 6: Milk, milk products and eggs 







Fluid sales 




Production of 


dairy factories 




Cold storage stocks3 




Net 




Production 
























Milk 








Ice 




Cheddar 


Evaporated . 




Year 


Total milkl 


and cream 


butter 


cheese 


whole milk2 


cream mix 


butter 


cheese 


whole milk2 


Eggs 


and 












Thousand 








Million 


month 






Million pounds 






gals. 




Million pounds 




dozens 


D 


3043 


3044 


3045 


3046 


3047 


3048 


3049 


3050 


3051 


3052 


1976 


16,943 


5,291 


251.53 


171.98 


196.26 


30,855 


54.91 


55.11 


27.55 


434.91 


1977 


17,071 


5.407 


249.70 


177.16 


26269 


32,272 


63.37 


61.77 


25.91 


435.22 


1976 J 


1,661 


437 


26.62 


15.29 


15.57 


3,651 


87.32 


5900 


3563 


37.19 


A 


1,568 


434 


2306 


15.24 


15.59 


3,142 


90.14 


5887 


37.64 


36.55 


S 


1,422 


443 


2064 


1498 


18.02 


2,717 


87.72 


56.38 


37.64 


34.76 


O 


1,274 


453 


15.71 


14.89 


16.32 


2,156 


85.72 


5560 


46.17 


36.04 


N 


1,097 


455 


11.57 


13.27 


12.24 


1,936 


70.35 


56.17 


28.12 


35.65 


D 


1.117 


456 


10.42 


13.09 


17.92 


1,937 


54.91 


55.11 


27.55 


36.86 


1977 J 


1,106 


447 


10.80 


12.21 


17.37 


1,708 


47.26 


56.14 


24.15 


36.89 


F 


1,048 


420 


9.88 


12.31 


16.75 


1,908 


35.79 


5530 


19.72 


33.24 


M 


1,276 


463 


13.79 


15.04 


22.73 


2,429 


26.06 


56.95 


17.68 


36.66 


A 


1.436 


448 


20.51 


14.08 


22.21 


2,822 


28.35 


60.45 


11.73 


35.78 


M 


1.648 


451 


26 16 


14.55 


30.09 


3,376 


34 80 


6082 


18.57 


37.87 


J 


1,802 


441 


33.40 


16.99 


31.50 


3,850 


49.06 


62.63 


32.12 


37.50 


J 


1,758 


427 


31.48 


16.10 


26.31 


3,631 


5933 


64.12 


40.65 


37 87 


A 


1,688 


453 


29 64 


17.11 


21.06 


3,258 


67.75 


6606 


43.83 


36.67 


S 


1,536 


462 


25.96 


16.68 


22.04 


2.792 


72.57 


65.93 


44.88 


34.57 


O 


1,375 


461 


20.54 


14.94 


18.62 


2,190 


73.36 


63.57 


36.57 


36.23 


N 


1,202 


460 


14.24 


13.88 


16 56 


2,115 


66.95 


62.92 


30.80 


35.49 


D 


1,196 


474 


13.30 


13.26 


17.45 


2,193 


63.37 


61.77 


25.91 


3647 


1978 J 


1,169 


464 


13.82 


11.52 


17.83 


1,703 


6382 


60.94 


18.39 


39.73 


F 


1,057 


434 


10.86 


11.43 


16.16 


1,928 


55.52 


56.97 


1304 


36.91 


M 


1,252 


480 


14.05 


13.41 


22.69 


2,562 


48.49 


56.96 


15.44 


39.11 


A 


1,471 


444 


20.65 


15.63 


25.84 


2,434 


50.94 


57.64 


17.44 


37.66 


M 






25.52 


16.84 


32.13 


3,172 


57.34 


59.05 


15.08 


40.25 


J 






28.76 


17.57 


34.54 


3,609 


71.38 


60.80 


17.93 





ISince January 1975 total milk production has been obtained by adding sales off farms to first receivers (usually marketing boards) and volume used on farms for feeding and 
farm house consumed. 2|ncludes case and bulk, 3As at end of period. Last month is preliminary. 4r£,<clusive f Newfoundland; includes hatching eggs. 
Sources: Dairy Factory Production (32-002), Dairy Review (23-001), Stocks of Dairy and Frozen Poultry Products (32-009), Production of Eggs and Poultry (23-003), 
Statistics Canada. 



101 



Section 9-Table 7 

Table 7: Fisheries statistics* 



July 1978 











Landings ot sea 


fish 






Exports 


by country2 




Exports 


Dy type 






Canada 


























Stocks, 




total 


Total 
















United 








end of 


year 


value 


quantity 


Nfld. 


PEL 


N.S 


N.B. 


Que 


BC 


Total 


States 


Other 


Salmon 


Lobster 


period3 


and 


(thousand 




























month 


dollars) 






Metric tonnes 












Million pounds 






D 


345109 


3398B8 


339890 


339906 


339922 


339938 


339954 


339971 


3071 


3072 


3073 


3074 


3075 


3076 


1976 


364754 


1.063,071 


340,241 


17,123 


368,456 


1 1 7,937 


41,948 


177,366 


653.9 


427.2 


226.7 


30.6 


19.3 


92 


1977 


324,206 


800,809 


157,141 


16,921 


352,966 


77.483 


50,022 


146,276 


845.7 


466.9 


378.7 


39.6 


20.0 


87 


1976 M 


40,605 


102,252 


38,074 


3,306 


37,434 


11,433 


6,793 


5,212 


50.2 


28.0 


22.2 


0.5 


3.5 


70.5 


J 


50,708 


126,992 


51,913 


2,558 


39,762 


14,859 


7,163 


10,737 


52.3 


40.8 


11.4 


1.4 


3.8 


77.4 


J 


72,473 


166,586 


59,918 


3,039 


43,614 


22,887 


8,178 


28,950 


70.3 


46.2 


24.1 


2.2 


2.0 


89.2 


A 


52,299 


135,931 


37,261 


2,531 


41,480 


24,740 


7,873 


22,046 


79.1 


54.8 


24.3 


4.5 


1.2 


105.7 


S 


33,705 


115,323 


31,354 


2,707 


43,277 


20.590 


5.961 


11,434 


64.7 


48.5 


16.2 


4.9 


0.6 


94.7 


O 


24,300 


71,602 


26,090 


1,555 


22,074 


9,219 


3,248 


9,416 


55.0 


33.1 


21.9 


5.5 


0.5 


105.9 


N 


9.227 


47,123 


22,324 


461 


14,081 


7,426 


712 


2,119 


50.3 


30.1 


20.3 


3.8 


0.5 


77.2 


D 


13,475 


35,659 


7,302 


188 


25,290 


646 


- 


2,233 


49.7 


27.7 


22.0 


2.1 


1.8 


91.9 


1977 J 


3,969 


14,135 


939 


94 


6,168 


1,722 


18 


5,194 


42.5 


18.2 


24.3 


2.3 


1.3 


79.4 


F 


5,554 


25,272 


10,152 


121 


12,156 


874 


30 


1,939 


440 


20.2 


23.8 


2.2 


0.7 


668 


M 


22,583 


73,150 


11,562 


95 


16,347 


259 


98 


44,789 


684 


42.7 


25.7 


2.6 


1.1 


71.1 


A 


14,980 


42,786 


12,185 


54 


19,857 


357 


2,386 


7,947 


36.1 


23.7 


12.4 


1.6 


1.9 


59.9 


M 


20,344 


50,762 


17,453 


382 


21,761 


1,392 


5,500 


4,274 


89.4 


59.6 


29.8 


2.2 


3.4 


73.0 


J 


36,397 


76,208 


25,358 


1,623 


28,356 


3,826 


8,950 


8.095 


70.8 


43.4 


27.3 


1.2 


3.8 


• 65.1 


J 


61,047 


87,602 


14.809 


1.673 


29,856 


5,185 


8,903 


27,176 


80.2 


52.3 


27.9 


2.4 


2.7 


82.3 


A 


56,139 


110,141 


14,106 


3,325 


46,501 


12.023 


9,702 


24,484 


96.1 


54.6 


41.5 


5.1 


1.8 


100 1 


S 


34,857 


92,358 


16,077 


2,976 


48,440 


8,636 


6,579 


9,650 


87.3 


42.9 


44.4 


3.8 


1.0 


98.2 


O 


33,041 


98,541 


12,552 


3,731 


61,226 


13.109 


4,155 


3.768 


81.2 


42.3 


38.9 


7.9 


0.6 


101.1 


N 


20,009 


77,997 


12,683 


1,492 


41,584 


15,812 


3,428 


2.998 


54.6 


28 8 


25.8 


3.0 


04 


111.1 


D 


15,286 


51,857 


9,265 


1,355 


20,714 


14,288 


273 


5.962 


95.1 


382 


56.9 


5.3 


1.3 


87.4 


1978 J 


7,244 


31,658 


10.032 


105 


16,129 


418 


132 


4,842 


71.1 


24.0 


47.1 


2.0 


2.0 


81.8 


F 


10,654 


38,068 


13,248 


233 


20,781 


981 


223 


2.602 


66.5 


27.4 


39.1 


19 


0.8 


73.0 


M 


28,774 


53,961 


13,652 


32 


8,203 


42 


462 


31,570 


62.3 


34.9 


27.4 


2.1 


1.0 


74.3 


A 


20,203 


55,940 


23,096 


17 


27,351 


521 


2.512 


2,443 


52.6 


268 


25.8 


30 


1.7 


642 



1 Monthly totals for current years are not equivalent to annual data due to receipt of additionnal statistics which cannot be allocated by months 2£ X porls include sea and 
freshwater fish and shellfish products by exclude bait, meal, oils, offal, livers, fish roe res. and fishery foods and feeds n.e s 3Total holdings (all formsl of frozen fish com- 
mencing October 1969 excludes freshwater species 
Sources: Monthly Review of Canadian Fisheries Statistics (24-002), Fish Freezings and Stocks (24-001), Exports by Commodities (65-004), Statistics Canada. 



102 



July 1978 

Table 8: Manufactured food 



Section 9-Table 8 













Margarine 


Shorter 


nng3 


Salad oils 
























































Stocks, 
end 




Stocks, 
end 




Stocks, 
end 






Oatmeal 
& rolled 


Process 


Soft 




Production 


Exports 1 


drinks 


Year 










Production2 


of period 


Production 


of period 4 


Production of 


period 4 


Sausaqe^ 


oats 


cheese _ 








% of 


000 


000 






















Million 


month 


i 


capacity 


cwt. 


cwt. 








Million pounds 












gallons 




D 


3091 


3092 


3093 


3078 


3079 


3123 


3125 


3080 


3127 




3128 


3096 


3132 


339997 


1975 








8,472 


270.08 


16.50 


360.09 


12.69 


177.06 


8.31 


340.25 


73.44 


115.93 




1976 








11,015 


276.46 


13.78 


362.79 


17.19 


207.98 


8.64 


378.37 


79.78 


136.78 




1976 J 


81.1 


3,597 


991 


21.26 


16.51 


29.61 


17.22 


16.37 


11.06 




3632 


6.27 


11.64 


32.8 




J 


79.1 


3,511 


1,316 


16.05 


13.11 


2595 


15.41 


14 60 


9.12 




35.97 


3.85 


10 06 


325 




A 


87.5 


3,736 


1,415 


23.75 


15.45 


30 34 


1661 


14.45 


949 




32.66 


786 


13.20 


32.5 




S 


87.5 


3,721 


531 


27.18 


16.55 


29 03 


16.10 


16.36 


9.69 




32.13 


8.09 


15.32 


29.0 




O 


88.6 


3,766 


966 


25.98 


13.73 


35.22 


16.06 


19.80 


9.56 




31.17 


8.83 


1226 


24.0 




N 


91.9 


3,899 


844 


27.96 


14.32 


3235 


17.34 


17.90 


8.45 




29.30 


9.16 


11.29 


27.1 




D 


85.5 


3,634 


1,063 


22.43 


13.78 


26.99 


17.19 


13.76 


8.64 




31.27 


5.40 


9.32 


27.6 


1977 


J 


80.3 


3,547 


962 


22.58 


14.61 


25.71 


16.43 


14.94 


8.31 




26.48 


7.82 


7.86 


22.7 




F 


75.0 


3.059 


960 


25.32 


16.88 


2941 


16 32 


20.18 


10.12 




2909 


6.33 


12.03 


254 




M 


94.9 


3,531 


1,265 


24.10 


16.60 


29 96 


16.89 


20.28 


9.62 




28.56 


6.63 


12.00 


257 




A 


91.2 


3,186 


792 


22.66 


16.97 


31.06 


17.32 


18.32 


9.14 




28.09 


460 


7.08 


260 




M 


74.7 


2,866 


1,169 


21.39 


17.14 


32.26 


17.47 


20.59 


9.48 




33.16 


5.29 


13.30 


29.7 




J 


93.4 


3,148 


1.005 


23.28 


17.90 


30.18 


18.52 


21.32 


10.90 




33.36 


6.21 


12.16 


37.2 




J 


72.0 


2,966 


763 


18.02 


13.90 


26.08 


18.43 


16.32 


10 03 




34.75 


4.07 


9.73 


296 




A 


829 


3,563 


505 


2642 


15.40 


2843 


18.48 


16.42 


8.82 




31.93 


8.10 


11.00 


34.2 




S 


80.4 


3,499 


681 


29 55 


14.84 


X 


17.15 


17.79 


8.37 




3048 


7.38 


1409 


28.0 




O 


90.3 


3,919 


1,012 


31.51 


15.60 


X 


16 59 


21.60 


8.38 




28.10 


7.39 


10.48 


25.5 




N 


94.2 


4,089 


1,032 


34.29 


21.07 


X 


17.20 


X 


9.96 




30.31 


7.54 


11.48 


26.7 




D 


83.2 


3,765 


1,406 


27.98 


20.96 


X 


18.45 


X 


10.16 




2930 


5.57 


11.05 


24.6 


1978 


J 


87.5 


3,798 


447 


22.25 


19.75 


X 


20.64 


X 


9.80 




27.78 


7.58 


13.20 


23.2 




F 


80.0 


3,320 


1,502 


31.84 


17 66 


X 


X 


23 86 


X 




30.80 


6.57 


13 20 


23.8 




M 


890 


3,908 




28.12 


17.59 


29 94 


X 


X 


11.14 




21.06 


5.93 


12.72 


24.1 




A 








X 


15.37 


X 


16.63 


X 


9.46 




2922 




11.76 


27.3 




M 








X 


25.27 


X 


17.02 


X 


10.12 








11.62 


28.7 






Cereals 






Tea, 






Macaroni, 


Salad 


Prepared 




Mixes, 




Biscuits. 






ready 


Peanut 


blended. 


Coffee 


Macaroni, 


etc 


dressing & 




cake 


all other 


Biscuits. 


plain 


Year 


ir 


to serve 


butter 


packed 


r oasted 


etc. dry 


cooked 


mayonnaise 


mixes 


flour 


based 


soda 


& fancy 


quarte 












Mil 


lion pounds 


















D 


3097 


3114 




3118 


3119 


3098 


3129 


3130 




3100 




3101 


3102 


3103 


1976 




162.8 


67.7 




47.1 


119.8 


236.8 


49.1 


79.2 




70.9 




159.2 


54.2 


325.8 


1977 




170.7 


64.4 




49.0 


112.3 


243.3 


55.2 


98.2 




744 




152.4 


53.2 


326.7 


1976 


4 


38.7 


13 9 




11.6 


31.8 


634 


10.3 


17.5 




196 




420 


14.1 


84.6 


1977 


1 


43.2 


16.5 




13.6 


33.6 


56.5 


19.2 


18.3 




19.8 




37.6 


14.0 


80.9 




2 


44.3 


15.8 




178 


20.1 


660 


16.5 


36.5 




19.5 




42.0 


12.1 


82.2 




3 


42.1 


15.5 




7.7 


25.9 


55.5 


4.3 


21.1 




164 




40.0 


13.6 


79.0 




4 


41.1 


16.6 




9.8 


32.7 


65.3 


15.2 


22.3 




18.7 




32.8 


13.4 


84.5 



1978 1 



14.5 



77.3 



Year 
and 


Chewing 
gum 


Cocoa 

powder 

(for sale) 


Chocolate 
confec- 
tionery* 


Sugar 
confectionery 


Peanuts. 

salted & 

roasted 


Jams 
and jellies 


Marmalades 


Baked beans 


quarter 








Million pounds 










D 


3104 


3105 


3 106 


3107 


3115 


3108 


3109 


3112 


1976 
1977 


37.6 
X 


9.1 
8.0 


174.1 
148.7 


96.4 
112.9 


42.3 
406 


89.6 
76.6 


17.9 
12.8 


102.0 
112.9 


1976 4 


8.7 


2.6 


485 


25.6 


12.7 


19.7 


44 


20.2 


1977 1 
2 
3 
4 


100 

11.9 

11.1 

X 


2.3 
2.5 
1.3 
2.0 


39.3 
32.3 
368 
40.3 


26.1 
31.8 
27.4 
275 


7.4 

9.3 

11.0 

12.9 


15.3 
22.4 
23.1 
15.8 


2.2 
3.4 

40 
33 


30.9 
42.8 
13.3 
259 



1978 1 



10 9 



40.1 



27.9 



8.3 



192 



36 



32.7 



ICustoms exports are adjusted to reflect actual physical movement of wheat flour from Canada Data shown for the last current year are not so adjusted 2production is 
calculated as the sum of the current manufacturers' shipments and the net change in manufacturers' inventories from the previous months 3|ncludes baking and frying oils 
and fats. 4 lncludes stocks held by manufacturers and other warehouses ^Includes fresh sausage, frankfurters, weiners and all other sausage as bologna, salami, blood 
pudding etc. 6|ncludes solid, coated, bulk, packages and novelties. 

Sources: Grain Milling Statistics (32-003), Oils and Fats (32-006), Quarterly Reports, Biscuits and Confectionery (32-016), Fruit and Vegetable Preparations (32-017) 
and Miscellaneous Food Preparations (32-018), Monthly Production of Soft Drinks (32-001), Selected Meat and Meat Preparations (32-020), Statistics Canada. 



103 



Section 9-Table 9 

Table 9: Sugar (metric tonnes) 



July 1978 





Raw cane 


sugar 








Refined sugar 






















Stocks 


Year 








Production Irom 






Shipments 






and 


Acquisitions 


Stocks, end 
of period 


End of 


month 


Beet 


Cane 


Total 


Beet 


Cane 


Total 


period 





345124 


345125 


345127 


345128 


345126 


345121 


345122 


345120 


345123 


1976 


952,027 


228,436 


143,802 


889,019 


1,032,821 


114,182 


909,342 


1,023.524 


170,471 


1977 


1,041,526 


241,113 


142,344 


1,011,966 


1,154,310 


137,970 


999,606 


1,137,576 


182,008 


1976 J 


71,656 


93,775 


. 


89,895 


89,895 


10,596 


90.873 


101,469 


127,425 


J 


68,585 


98,039 


- 


64,672 


64,672 


13,200 


79,879 


93,079 


105,784 


A 


83,865 


99,155 


- 


80,835 


80.835 


8,941 


81,688 


90.629 


86,075 


S 


93,989 


97,929 


5,296 


92,015 


97.311 


9,629 


90,563 


100,192 


79,699 


O 


124,745 


140,088 


42,316 


81,934 


124,250 


9,081 


80,516 


89,597 


114,955 


N 


108,925 


164,678 


38,852 


82,438 


121,290 


8,967 


76,927 


85,894 


153,539 


D 


124,171 


228,436 


38,056 


58,979 


97,035 


8,879 


70,235 


79.114 


170,471 


1977 J 


35,185 


202,588 


22,065 


57,649 


79,714 


8,716 


62,340 


71,056 


178,109 


F 


37,416 


158,523 


1,666 


79,287 


80,953 


8,083 


70.698 


78.781 


180,759 


M 


38,439 


113,951 


1,997 


78,451 


80,448 


11,296 


80,409 


91,705 


170,717 


A 


72,448 


102,181 


1,822 


82,481 


84,303 


9.594 


72,681 


82,275 


175.630 


M 


109,560 


130,925 


- 


90,103 


90,103 


9,808 


83,785 


93.593 


175,073 


J 


103,672 , 


132,716 


- 


99,912 


99.912 


12.193 


102,669 


114,862 


163,055 


J 


63,700 


127,185 


3,629 


65,112 


68.741 


17.207 


72,687 


89,894 


141,741 


A 


83,448 


104,648 


3,629 


104,551 


108.180 


18,557 


90,975 


109,532 


138,230 


S 


108,455 


117,430 


1,814 


93,034 


94,848 


11.858 


108,980 


120,838 


111,886 





94,176 


1 1 7,362 


31,208 


92,956 


124,164 


8,997 


89,060 


98.057 


125,350 


N 


178,184 


202,689 


39,698 


92,054 


131,752 


11.705 


90,181 


101.886 


154.213 


D 


116,843 


241,113 


34,816 


76,376 


111.192 


9.956 


75,141 


85.097 


182.008 


1978 J 


99,211 


258,712 


17,101 


80.032 


97.133 


6,666 


69.052 


75,718 


204,536 


F 


44,613 


225,511 


5,209 


75,771 


80.980 


6,480 


65,795 


72.275 


213,403 


M 


27,795 


165,503 


- 


80.088 


80.088 


8.443 


86,662 


95,105 


189.780 


A 


106,319 


183,781 


- 


86.806 


86.806 


7,852 


76.587 


84,439 


189.675 


M 


64,831 


162,516 




84.732 


84,732 


9.158 


88.187 


97.345 


1 78,424 



Source: The Sugar Situation (32-013), Statistics Canada. 



104 






Section 1 ■ Domestic Trade 

106 1. Value of Retail Trade by Type of Business and by Province 

109 2. Department Store Sales and Stocks 
1 09 3. Value of Wholesale Sales 

110 4. Chartered Banks' General Loans Outstanding 

111 5. Retail Trade - Consumer Credit Outstanding 

112 6. Consumer Credit Balances Outstanding 



105 



Section 10-Table 1 

Table 1: Value of retail trade by type of business (million dollars) 



July 1978 



Year 
and 


Grocery 
& combi- 
nation 


All other 

food 

stores 


Depart- 
ment 
stores 


General 
mer- 
chandise 
stores 


General 
stores 


Variety 
stores 


Motor 

vehicle 

dealers 1 


Service 

stations 

and 

garages 


Auto- 
motive 
parts and 
access- 
ories 
stores 




Clothing stores 




month 


Men's 


Women's 


Family 


D 

D 


(650059 
650060) 
(650088 
650089) 


650061 

650090 


650062 
650091 


650063 
650092 


650064 
650093 


650065 

650094 


650066 
650095 


(650068 
650069) 
(650097 
650098) 


650070 
650099 


650071 
650100 


650072 

650101 


650073 
650102 



1976 
1977 



13,155.9 
14.370.8 



1,033.0 
1,041.1 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 



1977 J 
F 
M 
A 
M 
J 
J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 

1978 J 

F 
M 
A 
M 



1.106.5 
1,192.0 
1,046.1 
1,083.1 
1,151.9 
1,051.7 
1,283.3 

1,045.4 
1,027.8 
1,123.5 
1,212.4 
1,160.8 
1,242.6 
1,248.6 
1,158.7 
1,251.6 
1,230.9 
1,205.6 
1,462.8 

1,156.8 
1,168.6 
1,351.5 
1,300.6 
1,335.0 



89.3 
904 
87.8 
87.4 
866 
78.3 
104.1 

<77.2 
70.9 
78.7 
79.8 
81.4 
89.3 
87.0 
87.9 
91.5 
88.7 
95.0 

113.8 

877 
84.8 
98 8 
93.6 
112.1 



6,509.6 
6,941 



525.8 
504.4 
487.2 
563.9 
572.5 
669.7 
975.7 

413.5 
393.7 
4798 
533.7 
539.8 
526.0 
509.9 
554.9 
606.0 
578.6 
751.9 
1,053.3 

426.8 
4294 
529.7 
560.0 
6030 



1,560.0 
1,653.0 



117.7 
106 7 
132.3 
133.6 
152.7 
178.7 
168.2 

104.5 
104 
125.4 
127.9 
136.1 
123.0 
110.9 
146.1 
139.9 
160 3 
193.6 
181.4 

109.1 
115 8 
127.1 
126.4 
135.6 



1,083.7 
1,206.6 



975 
103.7 
96.2 
94.9 
97.3 
91.5 
106.3 

72.9 

75.1 

84.8 

93.4 

101.0 

108 9 

113.2 

112.8 

108 8 

104.9 

105.3 

125.5 

80.7 
809 
983 
100.3 
124.8 



876.2 
892.5 



72.6 
74.5 
69.2 
72.3 
74.5 
81.3 
134.2 

51.2 
52.1 
62.2 
72.0 
74 1 
72.6 
70.3 
75.3 
73.4 
72.1 
81.3 
135 9 

47.8 
51.3 
66.5 
65.5 
74.8 



11,057.9 
11.749.7 



1,135.7 
958.7 
871.6 
805.7 
976.4 
904.0 
888.0 

773.3 

838.5 

1.040.0 

1,107.1 

1,150.3 

1,158.2 

958.4 

975.5 

8962 

1.044.8 

986.0 

821.3 

776.7 

8960 

1.113.2 

1.256.7 

1.382.1 



4,595.9 
5.072.4 



3957 
4162 
4044 
394.0 
410.3 
405.8 
418.0 

369.8 
345.3 
389.7 
410.1 
431.3 
4383 
450.7 
4580 
4288 
4479 
458.1 
4443 

396.5 
398.8 
4283 
4284 
4743 



1,141.2 
1,191.3 



118.2 
106.3 
90.6 
91.6 
106.2 
108.0 
115.7 

63.6 

59.9 

78.3 

105.6 

118.2 

117.8 

109.6 

97.2 

950 

102.0 

120 8 

123.2 

67.5 

64.9 

80.7 

109.3 

139.9 



761.1 
765.8 



63.4 
57.1 
51.1 
59.5 
65.6 
72.4 
125.6 

57.3 
42.0 
51.5 
57.4 
58.2 
66.1 
58.9 
53.1 
61.9 
63.0 
75.2 
121.0 

58.3 
45.2 
53.8 
57.9 
61.5 



1.006.0 
1,095.4 



82.6 
79.5 
73.8 
91.8 

100.1 
958 

135.5 

71.0 

61.3 

78.6 

87.9 

89.0 

87.7 

82.0 

86.9 

100.1 

98.8 

105.0 

147.1 

75.9 
67.1 
864 
97.4 
102.7 



833.5 
858.0 



69.7 
63.8 
65.1 
75.2 
79.2 
81.3 
120.3 

54.3 
46.7 
60.6 
66.2 
649 
70.1 
63.2 
71.5 
77.2 
73.8 
83.8 
125.7 

58.8 
498 
62.0 
66.8 
74.6 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 

M.C.D 2 



1976 J 


1,088.9 


888 


544.1 


125 8 


91 


73.8 


9460 


3762 


95 1 


61.4 


836 


69 1 


J 


1,102.2 


880 


5389 


127.4 


91 


74.3 


9340 


376.2 


935 


61.4 


83.5 


696 


A 


1,094.7 


89.6 


544.2 


130 1 


906 


708 


945.1 


3699 


920 


62.8 


81.5 


669 


S 


1,105.2 


869 


551 9 


130 3 


92 .1 


754 


8989 


391.4 


896 


63.3 


85.7 


70.7 


O 


1,109.8 


869 


553.1 


135.3 


926 


75.1 


943.0 


3929 


100 6 


64.2 


903 


71.8 


N 


1,107.7 


78.9 


5550 


128.4 


92.4 


72.9 


941.8 


397 


967 


61.9 


87.5 


71.0 


D 


1,1228 


90.3 


5584 


127.8 


926 


726 


1.002.5 


408.5 


975 


69.2 


89.1 


738 


1977 J 


1,127.4 


82.3 


566 6 


138.3 


87.4 


76 1 


9903 


415 1 


98.0 


64.5 


88.2 


70.8 


F 


1,144.2 


79.8 


571.1 


130.1 


95.7 


74.9 


9745 


4089 


98.5 


62.1 


887 


72.2 


M 


1,151.3 


79.8 


5589 


1402 


958 


76.8 


1.001.9 


4248 


101 4 


640 


894 


72.4 


A 


1,175.7 


79.6 


551 5 


134.8 


97.6 


755 


959.0 


4196 


1006 


61.3 


885 


694 


M 


1,181.7 


81 9 


563.1 


140.1 


983 


74.5 


953.7 


419 4 


98.5 


59.9 


892 


670 


J 


1,186.8 


85.5 


5429 


135.0 


99 9 


740 


950 1 


418.6 


960 


63.1 


895 


699 


J 


1,189.6 


87.4 


5636 


134 6 


101.6 


72 9 


9450 


4089 


984 


65.7 


889 


71.0 


A 


1,193.2 


88.7 


607.3 


139.1 


103 9 


75.7 


1,009.0 


420.3 


967 


63 9 


93 5 


735 


S 


1,235.1 


90.5 


5796 


1340 


104 7 


74.3 


1,020.5 


424 5 


939 


64 1 


91.1 


70.7 


O 


1,241.4 


89.1 


572.3 


143.5 


101.3 


73.6 


1.012.4 


431 1 


99 1 


626 


920 


68 9 


N 


1,254.8 


95.5 


623.5 


140 2 


105 8 


739 


1.012.4 


448.2 


105.2 


654 


953 


734 


D 


1,257.4 


96.7 


5902 


140.6 


1075 


71 


9734 


4333 


103 2 


65.4 


94 1 


74.6 


1978 J 


1,291.2 


966 


590.5 


139.5 


999 


720 


9833 


441 6 


1028 


665 


95 4 


76.8 


F 


1.302.8 


959 


623.2 


145.3 


103 3 


73.7 


1.040.8 


475 1 


1072 


67 


974 


76.9 


M 


1,321.6 


99.0 


6108 


141.4 


1090 


81.9 


1,042.0 


463.7 


105 4 


65.5 


977 


744 


A 


1,328.2 


949 


603 1 


138.9 


108.2 


71.6 


1.1235 


441.1 


107 2 


648 


102 6 


71 7 


M 


1,333.4 


111.9 


6184 


136.5 


118.7 


74.3 


1.101 4 


4600 


113.5 


62 1 


101 


775 



1 Excludes used car dealers 



106 



July 1978 

Table 1: Value of retail trade by type of business (million dollars) 



Section 10-Table 1 /Concluded 



Year 
and 
month 


Shoe stores 


Hardware 
stores 


Furniture and 

appliance 

stores 


Pharmacies, 

patent 

medicines 

and 

cosmetics 


Book and 

stationery 

stores 


Florists 


Jewelry 
stores 


Sporting 
goods and 
accessories 


All other2 
stores 


Total 


D 
D 


(650074 650075) 
(650103 650104) 


650076 (650077 & 
650078 650079) 

650105 (650106 & 
650107 650108) 


650080 
650109 


650081 
650110 


650082 
650111 


650083 
650112 


650084 (650067 & 
650085 650086) 

650113 (650096 & 
650114 650115) 


650058 
650087 


1976 
1977 


540 4 
599.3 


638.9 
668.2 


1,629.6 
1,670.0 


1,710.9 
1,867.0 


238.7 

282.4 


204.3 

228.1 


484.7 
534.2 


691.0 
729.8 


7,414.4 
7,134.0 


57,166.9 
61.651.3 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 J 
J 
A 
s 
o 

N 
D 



1977 



1978 J 
F 
M 
A 
M 



46.8 


65.6 


139.1 


141.5 


17.4 


17.6 


37.5 


78.3 


641.5 


5,060.2 


41.0 


62.7 


150.8 


141.4 


16.9 


14.1 


35.2 


69.8 


650.0 


4,9352 


39.3 


54.7 


145.8 


138.8 


19.0 


13.7 


34.7 


54.4 


622.0 


4,598.0 


53.7 


54.2 


143.6 


142.4 


22.0 


144 


36.2 


53.4 


617.4 


4,6902 


57.6 


54.3 


149.6 


141.2 


19.5 


14.9 


33.9 


48.8 


646.1 


5,039.3 


55.7 


53.3 


154.2 


144.0 


23.3 


15.1 


44.8 


51.6 


6538 


5,014.3 


60.7 


69.8 


159.5 


196.3 


37.8 


27.4 


116.9 


76.7 


9859 


6.3059 


36.3 


37.5 


120.4 


138.3 


18.5 


13.7 


26.3 


52.2 


5094 


4,106.6 


29.1 


34.5 


113.1 


136.9 


20.6 


17.0 


27.0 


42.2 


504.1 


4,041.7 


40.9 


43.1 


129.6 


145.6 


20.0 


16.1 


29.2 


46.5 


595.1 


4,719.2 


48.9 


52.3 


133.3 


144.6 


19.3 


21.8 


34.2 


638 


6352 


5,106.9 


49.2 


63.3 


133.6 


148.3 


19.0 


26.3 


38.2 


75.2 


648 1 


5,206.1 


47.5 


63.0 


142.8 


154.7 


20.0 


18.5 


446 


73.7 


690.6 


5.356.0 


41.4 


63.7 


146.7 


147.9 


19.3 


16.3 


37.3 


62.9 


719.6 


5,117.6 


46.1 


59.6 


148.6 


153.9 


24.4 


16.6 


39.5 


56.1 


715.2 


5,137.6 


60.2 


56.1 


146.1 


158.4 


27.5 


17.1 


39.1 


55.7 


6925 


5,183.4 


57.6 


55.5 


144.8 


161.0 


24.3 


17.9 


36.7 


48.8 


688.3 


5.300.6 


68.0 


60.3 


150.2 


161.2 


27.3 


17.0 


50.7 


59.2 


744.3 


5,5999 


74.2 


79.3 


160.9 


216.2 


42.3 


29.8 


131.6 


93.6 


1.092.3 


6,775.7 


37.5 


39.4 


118.4 


154.3 


22.1 


16 4 


30.1 


56.1 


562.9 


4,379.6 


30.4 


37.6 


117.8 


151.6 


224 


20.1 


30.4 


52.5 


569.6 


4,485.2 


42.1 


44.2 


132.6 


166.5 


24.4 


23.5 


35.7 


508 


683.7 


5,300.1 


52.0 


51.3 


141.6 


159.8 


22.2 


19.8 


37.5 


62.8 


693.4 


5,503.5 


55.8 


74.2 


150 6 


171.4 


23.3 


31.2 


446 


82.2 


784.8 


6,038.5 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 
M.C.D. 3 



1976 J 
J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 

1977 J 
F 
M 
A 
M 
J 
J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 

1978 J 
F 
M 
A 
M 



45.6 


54.8 


141.0 


142.1 


19.6 


17.0 


399 


59.0 


606.1 


4,813.0 


45.5 


53.6 


142.2 


143.4 


20.2 


16.8 


40.7 


59.1 


594.7 


4,768.4 


42.9 


54.5 


139.4 


144.3 


19.9 


16.8 


408 


58.5 


606.0 


4,764.2 


46.7 


53.6 


135.5 


146.1 


19.9 


16.7 


40.2 


58.7 


621.5 


4,7999 


51.2 


52.6 


138.1 


143.8 


20.8 


16.8 


41.0 


61.7 


624.2 


4,884.2 


44.2 


51.8 


140.0 


148.9 


21.5 


17.7 


41.9 


598 


617.1 


4,827.1 


44.7 


52.4 


136.6 


153.4 


21.8 


17.7 


41.1 


59.5 


636.0 


4,963.5 


48 .1 


52.8 


141.2 


145.9 


20.6 


17 6 


393 


61.1 


647.7 


5,004.8 


48.8 


530 


140.5 


146.1 


23.0 


18.1 


42.0 


60 8 


637.7 


4,988.4 


51.4 


57.9 


143.0 


1468 


21.4 


18.4 


41.1 


57.7 


644.8 


5,052.0 


46.2 


54.9 


141.4 


147.6 


22.0 


19.4 


41.6 


59.3 


637.7 


5,013.1 


46.8 


54.1 


1378 


150.7 


21.9 


18.0 


42.9 


57.9 


644.6 


5,011.0 


46.2 


52.7 


143.1 


152.9 


22.7 


18.4 


46.3 


55.1 


652.8 


5,017.0 


47.6 


55.4 


139.0 


154.1 


23.7 


197 


43.9 


56.1 


670.0 


5,0598 


49.0 


58.5 


140.5 


157.8 


24.3 


19.7 


44.8 


600 


6836 


5,220.6 


51.0 


54.5 


137.8 


161.2 


24.6 


19.7 


43.8 


60.6 


685.1 


5.227.7 


52.4 


55.6 


134.3 


164.3 


26.3 


20.6 


44.8 


62.9 


686.0 


5,263.3 


54.1 


57.9 


136.5 


167.8 


25.1 


19.8 


46.7 


680 


691.2 


5,353.1 


52.8 


58.5 


137.5 


1678 


24.5 


19.2 


46.7 


70.3 


697.5 


5,331.8 


51.1 


56.2 


140.8 


163.8 


24.6 


21.1 


46.3 


65.6 


717.3 


5,385.4 


50.9 


57.9 


146.6 


161.8 


25.0 


21.3 


47.4 


75.7 


721.1 


5.540.0 


52.1 


58.7 


145.3 


166.7 


259 


26.5 


48.7 


64.2 


721.5 


5.537.6 


51.8 


55.7 


151.4 


166.7 


27.0 


18.5 


47.2 


599 


720.4 


5,591.9 


51.8 


62.6 


154.5 


172.5 


25.8 


20.7 


48.5 


62.6 


768.5 


5,714.1 



2|ncludes used car dealers and personal accessories stores 
Source: Retail Trade (63-005), Statistics Canada. 



107 



Section 10-Table 1.1 

Table 1.1: Value of retail trade by province and selected metropolitan areas (million dollars) 



July 1978 



Year 






















Yukon 










and 






















and 










month 


Nlld. 


PEL 


N.s. 


N.B. 


Que 


Onl. 


Man. 


Sask 


Alia. 


B.C. 


N.W.T. 


Montreal 


Toronto 


Winnipeg Vancouver 


D 


650174 


650262 


650350 


650438 


650526 


650702 


650878 


651054 


651142 


651318 


651494 


650614 


650790 


650966 


651406 


D 


650203 


650291 


650379 


650467 


650555 


650731 


650907 


651083 


651171 


651347 


651523 










1976 


1,048.4 


262.2 


1,821.8 


1,494.7 


14,447.9 


21,057.0 


2,408.0 


2,522.1 


5,289.7 


6,674.8 


140.5 


6,796.4 


7.455.6 


1.484.1 


3,224.7 


1977 


1,136.4 


286.3 


1,936.6 


1,564.5 


15,558.4 


22,710.9 


2,513.0 


2,569.3 


5,927.1 


7.287.4 


161.2 


7,348.0 


8.0866 


1.627.2 


3.615.3 


Unadjusted for seasonal 


variation 


























1976 J 


89.6 


23.2 


155.7 


135.9 


1,305.2 


1,867.5 


208.7 


221.9 


468.1 


571.5 


12.9 


604.3 


648.7 


124.8 


273.7 


J 


94.3 


25.9 


163.2 


133.8 


1,247.1 


1.809.9 


202.1 


218.7 


453.3 


573.8 


13.0 


571.0 


611.5 


119.1 


265.5 


A 


883 


23.6 


154.2 


123.0 


1,133.7 


1,653.8 


194.6 


214.1 


4370 


563.6 


12.2 


512.0 


551.7 


114.5 


269.9 


s 


85.7 


21.7 


148.1 


123.3 


1,192.9 


1,732.8 


197.1 


208.8 


422.2 


545.9 


11.5 


558.8 


613.2 


124.4 


265.5 


o 


91.6 


23.4 


158.7 


132.0 


1,274.0 


1,844.9 


216.2 


232.8 


476.6 


577.0 


12.1 


597.3 


649.2 


1328 


275.8 


N 


92.8 


22.1 


160.9 


129.4 


1,245 9 


1,876.4 


211.7 


220.4 


462.4 


5805 


11.5 


606.1 


677.9 


133 4 


284.5 


D 


114.9 


26.9 


199 4 


157.3 


1,575.5 


2,389.8 


258.6 


257.0 


570.5 


741.2 


14.8 


746.8 


9049 


170.3 


3650 


1977 J 


69.9 


18.0 


125 9 


99.4 


1,033.2 


1,534.9 


167.4 


164.4 


389.4 


494.7 


94 


492.5 


569.2 


108 9 


251.5 


F 


72.0 


17.2 


123.6 


98.9 


1,006.8 


1,498.4 


159.0 


176.1 


3929 


4868 


10.1 


491.7 


550.3 


101.8 


251.0 


M 


85.7 


19.5 


144.5 


116.9 


1,222.0 


1,736.6 


193.4 


195.1 


444.1 


550.0 


11.5 


585.7 


623.6 


124.9 


279.6 


A 


94.6 


21.4 


156.6 


130.6 


1,339.8 


1,878.8 


212.2 


213.8 


470.3 


5764 


12.5 


6369 


6672 


137.0 


286.8 


M 


95.1 


23.5 


158.4 


134.3 


1,348.4 


1,931.2 


211.7 


223.6 


4837 


582.6 


13.7 


634 1 


679.4 


134.1 


287.8 


J 


97.9 


25.4 


' 164.0 


1380 


1,368.1 


1,975.4 


216.5 


229.5 


5207 


605.3 


15.1 


637.2 


692.3 


135.6 


295.1 


J 


96.3 


27.9 


164 9 


136.9 


1,279.3 


1,880.0 


206.7 


216.6 


490.2 


604.2 


14.5 


573.4 


6483 


128.3 


291.5 


A 


998 


27.2 


1634 


133.3 


1,294.3 


1.856.4 


208.9 


2190 


501.2 


618.9 


15.1 


572.6 


631.1 


133.0 


294.6 


S 


95.2 


25.4 


166.6 


127.2 


1,305.1 


1.872.0 


210.0 


218.0 


5088 


641.2 


13.9 


610.4 


6678 


141.0 


312.0 


O 


99.1 


25.6 


167.0 


136.5 


1.342.0 


1,948.8 


218.2 


2169 


514.7 


6176 


14.3 


636.5 


692.0 


141.6 


302.9 


N 


107.5 


25.2 


179.1 


142.4 


1,375.9 


2,056.7 


231.4 


232.9 


5558 


679.0 


140 


6650 


742.7 


152.5 


3407 


D 


123.3 


30.1 


2227 


170.2 


1 .643.4 


2,541.8 


277.7 


263.4 


655.3 


830.7 


17.1 


812.0 


922.8 


188.6 


421.6 


1978 J 


77.4 


19.6 


137.6 


107.3 


1,073.5 


1,621.5 


178.9 


173.5 


436.9 


5427 


10.7 


518.6 


6154 


118.9 


276.7 


F 


80.8 


19 4 


141.9 


110.3 


1,117.0 


1,664.3 


172.4 


171.3 


441.1 


554.5 


12.1 


539.4 


6088 


113.8 


283.7 


M 


95.9 


23.3 


171.8 


131.3 


1,353.6 


1,914.7 


212.7 


2175 


519.4 


645 1 


14.7 


6428 


6939 


141.4 


322.3 


A 


102.2 


25.1 


177.7 


138.4 


1,399.3 


1,989.9 


224.0 


231.4 


537.7 


6634 


14.4 


6672 


7107 


143.1 


326.7 


M 


113.2 


28.8 


189.7 


156.4 


1.576.8 


2,190.4 


241.2 


2478 


5856 


692.4 


16.2 


723.8 


769.7 


150.7 


3427 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 
M.CD 3 3 2 



1976 J 


84.5 


21.4 


149.2 


1252 


1.231.9 


1.788.1 


198 3 


206.2 


4364 


553.3 


11.8 


J 


890 


21.6 


151.4 


123.7 


1,211.3 


1,767.0 


198.4 


2084 


439.8 


554.7 


11.7 


A 


880 


21.5 


153.3 


123.3 


1,200.2 


1,746.8 


199.1 


214.7 


444.4 


5620 


11.5 


S 


87.9 


22.0 


153 6 


1270 


1,209.2 


1.770.3 


200.2 


217.7 


4338 


560.2 


11.5 


O 


885 


224 


155.9 


127.0 


1,230.0 


1.790.2 


2056 


221.5 


4588 


5675 


11.8 


N 


880 


22.6 


154 3 


124 4 


1,217.1 


1,782.4 


2024 


2107 


4500 


567.7 


11.9 


D 


89.7 


22.6 


155.2 


128.1 


1,264.1 


1.838.5 


205.4 


211.6 


459 1 


575.7 


12.3 


1977 J 


909 


23.2 


155 9 


128 3 


1.285.1 


1.847.4 


2053 


2067 


4666 


5888 


12.3 


F 


91.7 


22.5 


156.0 


126 6 


1,272.1 


1,836.1 


200 7 


217.0 


4758 


5837 


12.4 


M 


92.4 


21.9 


155.2 


126 5 


1.284 8 


1.879.9 


206 5 


211.1 


4722 


583 5 


11.8 


A 


928 


22.3 


154 


127 6 


1.282.5 


1.855.4 


206.4 


2055 


4685 


579.5 


12.9 


M 


92.1 


227 


1555 


127 8 


1,256.3 


1,873.1 


204 3 


214.7 


474.7 


5775 


13 3 


J 


92.8 


23.3 


1556 


127 


1.266.1 


1,865.5 


2054 


2126 


481.4 


581.4 


13.5 


J 


93 .1 


23.8 


157.7 


129.7 


1.281.0 


1.866.4 


207.3 


2127 


4845 


5900 


13 4 


A 


960 


24.5 


161 


130.2 


1,334.4 


1,926 2 


209.1 


2167 


498 1 


607.4 


14 2 


S 


968 


25.2 


1680 


129 1 


1,306.4 


1,895.4 


211.2 


2209 


5165 


651.1 


13.9 


O 


97.7 


25.0 


167 9 


1335 


1,326.9 


1.933.3 


2123 


212.9 


509 6 


623.5 


14.1 


N 


100 8 


25.7 


1728 


136 8 


1.332 3 


1.930.6 


2186 


222.5 


533 8 


6550 


14.4 


D 


960 


25.1 


171.3 


137.4 


1,319.5 


1.962.8 


218.2 


215.6 


526.7 


647.5 


14.2 


1978 J 


101.3 


25.5 


170.7 


139.8 


1,347.7 


1.967.6 


221.3 


2158 


5295 


651.9 


143 


F 


1032 


25.5 


179 


141.1 


1,414.1 


2.041.8 


218.4 


2109 


533.5 


6645 


14.9 


M 


101.9 


25.8 


181.0 


139.8 


1.391.6 


2,028.7 


224 7 


2327 


5386 


667.1 


15.0 


A 


1047 


27.1 


181.4 


1409 


1.390.7 


2.0203 


2248 


2322 


5567 


6854 


15.0 


M 


106.3 


27.7 


1846 


1452 


1,437.8 


2,091.1 


2285 


235.5 


5622 


6759 


15 5 



Source: Retail Trade (63-005), Statistics Canada. 



108 



July 1978 

Table 2: Department store sales and stocks' (million dollars) 



Section 10-Tables 2 and 3 













Men's 


and 










Home furnishings, 








Total 


all 


Ladies' 


apparel 


boy's clothing, 


Food 


and 


Piece i 


goods, 


furniture 




All other 


Year 


departments 


and accessories 


furnishing 


& shoes 


kindred | 


products 


linens & domestics 


radio & appliances 


departments 


month 


Sales 


Stocks 


Sales 


Stocks 


Sales 


Stocks 


Sales 


Stocks 


Sales 


Stocks 


Sales 


Stocks 


Sales 


Stocks 


D 


3279 


3280 


3281 


3282 


3283 


3284 


3285 


3286 


3287 


3288 


3289 


3290 


3295 


3296 


1976 


6,509.5 


1,633.9 


1,422.1 


291.3 


810.0 


210.2 


344.8 


15.1 


234.4 


892 


1,293.7 


424.1 


2,404.9 


604.0 


1977 


6,941.1 


1,674.7 


1,521.6 


297.7 


860.7 


217.5 


367.7 


15.3 


255.1 


88.4 


1,339.6 


416.8 


2,596.1 


638.9 


1976 M 


513.0 


1,885.0 


110.6 


378.7 


57.9 


2695 


27.3 


16.2 


18.7 


93.8 


102.9 


404.0 


195.7 


722.8 


J 


525.8 


1,680.6 


109.2 


325.7 


68.4 


236.0 


26.0 


18.4 


19.1 


92.8 


106.9 


370.8 


196.3 


636.9 


J 


504.4 


1,715.0 


99.1 


369.5 


52.7 


256.2 


260 


15.5 


20.3 


79.7 


113.1 


362.2 


193.2 


631.9 


A 


487.2 


1,803.9 


109.2 


389.1 


55.8 


285.5 


27.1 


14.5 


18.3 


82.1 


104.8 


3693 


172.0 


663.3 


S 


563.9 


1,700.7 


136.7 


365.2 


71.7 


273.9 


28.9 


15.9 


22.2 


73.6 


118.6 


338.4 


185.8 


6337 





572.5 


2,059.7 


136.9 


418.6 


75.6 


316.0 


31.7 


19.6 


19.8 


90.4 


115.9 


394.2 


192.6 


820.8 


N 


669.7 


1,999.3 


150 6 


390.1 


92.8 


295.1 


31.1 


20.9 


21.9 


899 


123.1 


395.7 


2503 


807.6 


D 


975.7 


1,633.9 


199.6 


291.3 


137.9 


210.2 


42.0 


15.1 


27.7 


89.2 


142.4 


424.1 


426.1 


604.0 


1977 J 


413.5 


1,506.7 


79.1 


273.0 


41 3 


203.8 


24.9 


13.1 


20.3 


75.0 


103.0 


337.3 


145.0 


604.5 


F 


393.7 


1,705.6 


84.5 


335.8 


42.0 


239.5 


26.8 


15.0 


15.0 


90.4 


829 


388.1 


142.4 


636.9 


M 


479.8 


1,713.7 


110.0 


3486 


566 


223.7 


30.4 


14.6 


17 


867 


95.9 


356.2 


169.9 


683.9 


A 


533.7 


1,942.4 


123.1 


392.4 


639 


282.0 


31.9 


13.8 


19.0 


95.5 


98.4 


411.6 


197.3 


747.1 


M 


539.8 


1,981.2 


120.1 


376.4 


61.4 


285.0 


27.9 


16.9 


20.0 


99.1 


103.3 


417.6 


207.0 


786.3 


J 


526.0 


1,687.9 


104.7 


3126 


67.3 


2380 


26.3 


16.3 


19.8 


86.6 


102.5 


361.5 


205.4 


673.0 


J 


509.9 


1,774.7 


100.3 


380.2 


53.2 


2662 


26.0 


16.8 


20.8 


80.3 


117.5 


346.3 


192.2 


684.9 


A 


554.9 


1,910.7 


128.3 


4099 


638 


292.0 


29.5 


15.8 


20.9 


89.3 


114.6 


364.7 


197.8 


739.1 


S 


606.0 


1,715.8 


148.4 


364.1 


78.2 


265.9 


299 


15.6 


24.6 


73.7 


125.6 


319.9 


199.3 


676.7 


O 


578.6 


2,115.4 


135.7 


429 1 


72.4 


3208 


32.3 


20.0 


22.0 


89.1 


1160 


377.0 


200.2 


879.5 


N 


751.9 


2,171.4 


170.2 


433.0 


107.6 


315.3 


362 


22.5 


25.1 


91.3 


132.3 


411.0 


280.3 


8983 


D 


1,053.3 


1.674.7 


217.2 


297.7 


153.0 


217.5 


45.6 


15.3 


30.6 


88.4 


147.6 


416.8 


459.3 


638.9 


1978 J 


4268 


1,591.5 


81.9 


2962 


42.9 


229.8 


26.4 


11.3 


21.4 


79.2 


107.3 


354.0 


146.9 


621.1 


F 


429.4 


1,734.5 


87.3 


339.8 


46.3 


2495 


34.2 


19.9 


15.7 


888 


85.1 


3460 


160.7 


690.5 


M 


529.7 


1,809.9 


119.6 


3399 


63.0 


2500 


34.7 


17.1 


18.6 


91.2 


106 2 


394.8 


187.7 


716.8 


A 


560.0 


2,020.1 


129.8 


381.2 


67.2 


281.0 


28.6 


16.4 


20.8 


105.4 


110.4 


428.7 


203.1 


807.4 



lDeparlment store stocks at end of period at selling value The sales and stocks data are revised series based on the results of the 1961 Census of Merchandising and Service 
Establishments Source: Department Store Sales and Stocks (63-002), Statistics Canada. 

Table 3: Value ot wholesale salesi, based on the 1960 SIC, revised to the 1966 census base (million dollars) 





















All trades 
























Consumer goods trades 














































Industrial goods 


trades 










Motor 
vehicles. 






House- 






















News- 












& auto- 






hold 


Tobacco. 










Con- 




Industrial 


print. 












motive 


Drugs 


Clothing. 


elec- 


confec- 










struc- 




and 


paper 




Year 








parts & 


& drug 


foot- 


trical 


tionery 








Coal 


tion 


Farm 


transp 


& paper 


Iron 


and 








acces- 


sun- 


wear & 


appli- 


and soft 




Hard- 




and 


mate- 


machi- 


equip & 


prod- 


and 


month 




Total 


Total2 


sories 


dries 


textiles 


ances 


drinks 


Foods 


ware 


Total? 


coke 


rials 


nery 


supplies 


ucts 


steel 




D 


7260 


7261 


7289 


72 6 4 


7290 


7268 


7269 


7291 


7274 


7276 


7277 


7292 


7281 


7282 


7284 


7286 


1976 




49,987.3 


23,373.9 


4,138.4 


1,024.0 


1,565.5 


1,057.9 


2,198.2 


9.339 7 


1.080 1 


26,613.4 


70.0 


7,412.8 


2,299.9 


4,753.6 


791.6 


1,765.0 


1977 




55,575.8 


25,549.8 


4,546.5 


1,088.1 


1,607.3 


1.072.9 


2,769.5 


10,129.4 


1,141.1 


30,025.9 


778 


7,861.1 


2,193.3 


5.310.9 


908.4 


1,994.8 


1976 


M 


4,495.3 


2,033.2 


428.8 


65.8 


111.3 


95.0 


182.7 


8138 


100.5 


2.462.1 


108 


647.1 


239.9 


397.2 


62.0 


135.5 




J 


4,549.6 


2,119.1 


453.7 


97.3 


135.4 


88.4 


190.8 


7846 


96.8 


2,430.5 


4.6 


6670 


138.4 


4988 


67.1 


175.6 




J 


4,207.7 


1,984.7 


366.9 


70.7 


121.5 


66.3 


203.5 


812.1 


73.9 


2,223.0 


5.1 


632.5 


311.0 


3524 


65.9 


128.9 




A 


4,083.3 


1,858.6 


261.5 


90.1 


156.9 


75.1 


161.8 


7958 


800 


2,224.7 


3.2 


705.5 


196.6 


3492 


60.5 


144.1 




s 


4,691.5 


2,106.9 


305.9 


969 


157.4 


99.9 


217.5 


829.5 


110.7 


2,5846 


4.1 


774.0 


160.6 


3978 


72.4 


141.9 







4,111.9 


2,106.9 


392.7 


899 


152.9 


97.3 


197.7 


8007 


113.8 


2,005.0 


3.5 


651.3 


2653 


361.5 


62.3 


143.6 




N 


4,382.5 


2,068.7 


3803 


80.1 


131.1 


103.8 


206.1 


790.3 


112.9 


2,313.8 


4.7 


6309 


100.5 


361.4 


60.2 


147.2 




D 


3,877.7 


2,019.4 


348.4 


90.8 


79.9 


146.0 


213.5 


823.2 


79.7 


1,858.3 


10.1 


5682 


84.0 


416.0 


60 7 


104.7 


1977 


J 


3,665.4 


1,688.6 


237.1 


92.6 


89.5 


101.5 


192.5 


704.9 


609 


1,976.8 


5.0 


484.4 


134.5 


444.8 


729 


156.2 




F 


3,828.4 


1,801.8 


2875 


78.1 


121.9 


58.9 


229.0 


728.3 


87.3 


2,026 6 


4.2 


525.1 


208.7 


405.1 


75.0 


128.0 




M 


5,051.4 


2,077.9 


375.3 


98.1 


185.7 


76.8 


216.3 


801.1 


82.1 


2,973.5 


3.0 


585.6 


181.8 


468.4 


88.7 


204 8 




A 


4,367.9 


2,034.0 


402.9 


84.8 


122.1 


62.3 


208.2 


8097 


93.9 


2,333.9 


4.2 


601.6 


276.0 


464.7 


67.6 


201.4 




M 


5,518.6 


2,246.8 


473.9 


71.5 


120.4 


83.2 


220.2 


901.4 


109 8 


3,271 8 


8.3 


679.1 


221.7 


447.6 


77.1 


142.5 




J 


5,173.9 


2,320.4 


489.6 


103.0 


143.8 


983 


250.0 


852.8 


104.1 


2.853.4 


4.8 


7248 


133.0 


4864 


79.0 


203.4 




J 


4,469.4 


2,157.3 


389.6 


72.7 


143.5 


68.5 


249.7 


861.3 


77.9 


2,312.1 


4.2 


6352 


286.4 


3989 


74.6 


146.9 




A 


4,516.9 


2,096.5 


279.2 


104.4 


170.7 


80.1 


189.3 


8863 


91.4 


2,4204 


5.5 


769.6 


186.3 


4065 


78.9 


168.6 




S 


5,156.4 


2,294.2 


328.7 


103.4 


159.5 


104.4 


266.0 


896.9 


120.9 


2,8622 


5.7 


877.3 


141.1 


461.1 


80.7 


193.4 




O 


4,560.9 


2,323.9 


435.3 


989 


145.3 


99.4 


247.9 


883.3 


120.0 


2,237.0 


8.2 


710.4 


238.5 


408.9 


72.8 


173.6 




N 


4,870.6 


2,250.5 


424.6 


86.4 


124.3 


106.0 


254.9 


873.2 


108.4 


2,620.1 


8.6 


662.2 


97.0 


424.3 


72.1 


164.7 




D 


4,396.0 


2,257.9 


422.8 


94.2 


80.6 


133.5 


245.5 


930.2 


84.4 


2,138.1 


16.1 


6058 


88.3 


494.2 


69.0 


111.3 


1978 


J 


4,167.0 


1 ,904.4 


255.3 


105.2 


101.4 


111.8 


228.9 


769.6 


68.5 


2,262.6 


5.0 


533.4 


190.2 


476.0 


85.3 


184.5 




F 


4,443.6 


2,027.1 


304.5 


94.1 


131.3 


62.2 


263.3 


822.7 


95.5 


2,416.5 


6.1 


600.8 


245.2 


486.5 


86.2 


160.9 




M 


5,000.9 


2,221.5 


3848 


102.1 


179.8 


75.6 


242.9 


8858 


826 


2,779.4 


5.7 


610.7 


169.1 


502.6 


93.9 


241.2 




A 


4,942.2 


2,244.9 


436.1 


93.8 


148.2 


66.2 


241.3 


8894 


94.0 


2,697.3 


6.5 


658.1 


358.2 


551.7 


74.9 


234.4 



'Data cover wholesale merchants only and do not include the business transactions of manufacturers' sales branches, primary product dealers, petroleum bulk tank stations and 
agents and brokers 2Components do not add to totals since some trades are not shown in this table Sources: Wholesale Trade (63-515) and (63-008), Statistics 



109 



Section 10-Table 4 

Table 4: Chartered banks' general loans outstanding (million dollars) 



July 1978 







Personal loans 




Loans to farmers 






Business loans3 




























Public 






























utilities, 
















Against 
















trans- 
















marke- 


Home 






Farm 








porta- 
















table- 


impro- 






impro- 








tion and 


Construc- 








Loans 


Total 


End of 


secu- 


vement 


All 




vement 








commu- 


tion con- 


Merchan- 


Other 




to insti- 


general 


period 


nliesl 


loans 


other2 


Total 


loans 


All other 


Total 


Industry 


nication 


tractors 


disers 4 


business 


Total 


tutions5 


loans* 


B 


1406 


1407 


1408 


1405 


1410 


1411 


1409 


1013 


1025 


1027 


1028 


1029 


1401 


1412 


1400 


1976 


835 


37 


16,177 


1 7,049 


456 


2,883 


3,339 


9,791 


1,626 


2,066 


4,694 


10,041 


28,218 


608 


49,214 


1977 


924 


36 


18,731 


19,691 


416 


3,472 


3,888 


10,240 


1,547 


2,412 


5,236 


11,888 


31,323 


526 


55,429 


1976 M 


821.0 


39.0 


14,400.0 


15,259.0 


458.0 


2,344.0 


2,802.0 


. 


. 


. 


- 


- 


25,761.0 


464.0 


44.286.0 


J 


835.0 


42.0 


14,841.0 


15,717.0 


464.0 


2,473.0 


2,938.0 


9,112.5 


1,513.5 


1,884.4 


4,624.3 


9,008.2 


26,143.0 


588.0 


45.386.0 


J 


871.0 


41.0 


15,118.0 


16,030.0 


467.0 


2.589.0 


3,056.0 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


26,747.0 


606.0 


46.438.0 


A 


865.0 


40.0 


15,382.0 


16,287.0 


459.0 


2,654.0 


3,113.0 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


26,932.0 


551.0 


46,883.0 


S 


833.0 


38.0 


15,613.0 


16,484.0 


476.0 


2,694.0 


3.170.0 


9.240.7 


1,526.6 


1.995 4 


4,858.5 


9,718.5 


27,340.0 


533.0 


47,526.0 


O 


853.0 


36.0 


1 5,944.0 


16,834.0 


463.0 


2,738.0 


3,201.0 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


27,553.0 


512.0 


48,100.0 


N 


833.0 


38.0 


16,018.0 


16,888.0 


455.0 


2,792.0 


3.247.0 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


28.082.0 


545.0 


48.763.0 


D 


835.0 


37.0 


16,177.0 


17,049.0 


456.0 


2,883.0 


3,3390 


9,791.4 


1,625.9 


2,065.5 


4,694.1 


10,041.1 


28.218.0 


608.0 


49.214.0 


1977 J 


812.0 


37.0 


16,326.0 


17,175.0 


443.0 


2,807.0 


3.2500 


- 


- 


. 


- 


- 


28,608.0 


634.0 


49,664.0 


F 


8590 


380 


16,536.0 


17,433.0 


430.0 


2,780.0 


3,2090 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


29,5600 


6530 


50.855.0 


M 


886.0 


39.0 


16,726.0 


17,651.0 


434.0 


2,832.0 


3,265.0 


10,321 7 


1,612.1 


2,284.3 


5,375.9 


10,623.6 


30,218.0 


641.0 


51,774.0 


A 


8660 


37.0 


17,111.0 


18,014.0 


435.0 


2,963.0 


3,398.0 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


30,328.0 


581.0 


52,322.0 


M 


873.0 


36.0 


17,368.0 


18,277.0 


4300 


3,0090 


3.439.0 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


30,619.0 


551.0 


52,887.0 


J 


888.0 


35.0 


17,690.0 


18,613.0 


4350 


3,143.0 


3,578.0 


1 0.424.0 


1,487.6 


2,465 7 


5.536.5 


11,258.9 


31,173.0 


531.0 


53,895.0 


J 


882.0 


35.0 


17,929.0 


18,846 


430.0 


3,219.0 


3.6490 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


31.604.0 


573.0 


54,675.0 


A 


928.0 


33.0 


18,073.0 


19,034.0 


430.0 


3,303.0 


3.734.0 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


31,440.0 


505.0 


54,712.0 


S 


889.0 


33.0 


18,232.0 


19,154.0 


4270 


3,338.0 


3.7650 


10,502.1 


1.511.4 


2,5067 


5.4846 


11.639 2 


31.644 


521.0 


55,083.0 


O 


8940 


32.0 


18,428.0 


19,355.0 


423.0 


3,413.0 


3.836.0 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


31.633.0 


518.0 


55,342.0 


N 


9130 


33.0 


18,542.0 


19,488.0 


417.0 


3,415.0 


3,8320 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


31,705.0 


524.0 


55,5520 


D 


924.0 


36.0 


18,731.0 


19,691.0 


416.0 


3,4720 


3,8880 


10,239.6 


1,547.2 


2,411.7 


5,236.3 


11.888.4 


31.323.0 


5260 


55.429.0 


1978 J 


931.0 


35.0 


18,788 


19,754 


405.0 


3,4270 


3,8320 


. 


. 


. 


. 


- 


31.665.0 


528.0 


55,779.0 


F 


9380 


36.0 


18,992.0 


19,966.0 


395.0 


3.4090 


3,804 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


32,111.0 


561 


56.443.0 


M 


937.0 


31.0 


19,243 


20,210.0 


405.0 


3,4490 


3,8540 


10.509.3 


1,484.5 


2.552.7 


5,742.0 


12.407.4 


32.696.0 


587.0 


57,347.0 


A 


915.0 


29.0 


1 9,792.0 


20,736.0 


401.0 


3,5400 


3,941.0 












32.989.0 


5840 


58.251.0 



Note: Components may not add to totals due to rounding and partial revisions IFully secured by marketable bonds and stocks Excludes loans to finance the purchase of 
Canada Savings Bonds. 2|ncludes loans on the security of household property 3Not available on a monthly basis. includes loans to finance companies which are 
affiliates of retail merchandisers 5R e hgious. educational, health and welfare institutions 6Differs from general loans in Section 13. Table 2 by the exclusion of loans to 
instalment finance companies. 
Sources: Bank of Canada Review and Oept. of Finance. 



110 



July 1978 

Table 5: Retail tradei -consumer credit outstanding-by kind of business-(million dollars) 



Section 10-Table 5 



End ol 
period 



Total 
retail trade 



Food group 

Grocery 

and other 

food stores 



General merchandise group 



Automotive group 



Department 
stores 



General 
stores 



Motor 
vehicle 
dealers 



Garages 

and service 

stations 



All other 
automotive 
businesses 



652279 



1976 
1977 

1975 2 
3 

4 

1976 1 
2 
3 
4 

1977 1 
2 
3 
4 

1978 1 



2,518.9 
2,6284 

2,0525 
2,092.9 
2,417.7 

2,182.5 
2,182.1 
2,2053 
2,518.9 

2,2684 
2,241.3 
2,275.2 
2,6284 

2,384.8 



802 
104 6 

68.8 
72.1 
81.1 

69.1 
82.4 
843 
80.2 

75.2 

91.6 

93.4 

104.6 

93.9 



1.313.9 
1,380.5 

1,020.0 
1,046.0 
1.232.3 

1.093 7 
1,085.8 
1,116.2 
1,313.9 

1,135.4 
1,119.4 
1,156.0 
1,380.5 

1,214.1 



65.4 
64.2 

66.5 
68.7 
63.9 

56.8 
72.5 
74.3 
65.4 

56.2 
70.6 
70.7 
64.2 

57.8 



76.9 
77.6 

77.8 
70.8 
83.1 

79.6 
83.5 
73.3 
76.9 

81.9 
84.1 
76.1 
77.6 

84.4 



101.8 
90.8 

98.5 
105.2 
101.6 

92.9 

96.6 

94.6 

101.8 

98.6 
96.4 
866 
90.8 

82.3 



175.6 
205.8 

124.6 
128.5 
145.4 

134.4 
155.6 
162 8 
175.6 

164.4 
185.0 
187.7 
205.8 

185.2 







Apparel and accessory group 




Hardware 


& home furnishing 


group 


Other retail stores group 
















Furniture. 


All other 










Men's 






All other 




TV, radio and 


hardware 










and boys' 


Women's 


Family 


apparel and 




household 


and home 








End ot 


clothing 


clothing 


clothing 


accessories 


Hardware 


appliances 


furnishings 






All other 


period 


stores 


stores 


stores 


stores 


stores 


stores 


stores 


Fuel dealers 


Jewellery 


retail 


D 


652284 


652285 


652286 


652287 


652288 


652289 


652290 


652291 


652292 


652293 


1976 


52.2 


34.4 


46.1 


22.7 


45.4 


191.3 


21.1 


163.9 


29.8 


47.5 


1977 


60.4 


41.1 


53.3 


22.9 


50.2 


187.1 


20.8 


151.3 


30.8 


51.0 


1975 2 


42.6 


29.5 


39.5 


22.1 


39.6 


175 9 


18.5 


110.3 


20.9 


46.6 


3 


40.6 


31.1 


40.2 


28.2 


42.2 


183 9 


19.8 


97.0 


19.5 


47.3 


4 


48.8 


32.7 


43.4 


23.8 


43.6 


191.8 


22.1 


167.0 


29.4 


49.8 


1976 1 


43.0 


29.2 


40.2 


22.3 


37.6 


179 3 


19.7 


165.7 


22.4 


47.0 


2 


43.6 


27.6 


38.3 


23.6 


46.5 


182.0 


21.4 


107.1 


21.8 


44.8 


3 


43.3 


30.3 


41.4 


31.3 


46.0 


186.1 


21.7 


86.2 


20.6 


46.4 


4 


52.2 


34.4 


46.1 


22.7 


45.4 


191.3 


21.1 


163.9 


298 


47.5 


1977 1 


48.4 


32.8 


43.8 


21.5 


40.0 


181.8 


19.9 


168.0 


20.0 


46.4 


2 


48.5 


29.9 


43.0 


21.9 


51.2 


175.4 


20.1 


101.6 


21.2 


46.5 


3 


48.5 


34.4 


46.9 


29.1 


52.9 


180.9 


20.7 


87.3 


20.2 


48.4 


4 


60.4 


41.1 


53.3 


22.9 


50.2 


187.1 


20.8 


151.3 


308 


51.0 



1978 1 



54.5 



38.8 



46.4 



20.7 



42.1 



179 9 



19.3 



164 



21.6 



483 



1 All retail trade data in this table are included in table 6 
Source: Consumer Credit (61-004), Statistics Canada. 



111 



Section 10-Table 6 

Table 6: Consumer crediti balances outstanding: selected holders (millions of dollars) 



July 1978 



Sales finance 
and consumer 
loan companies 


Chartered 

banks' 

personal 

loansS 


Quebec 

savings 

bank's 

loans6 


Life 
insurance 
com- 
panies' 
policy 
loans 


depart- 
ment 
stores 


Furniture 
and 
appli- 
ances 
stores 


Trust 

and 

mortgage 

comp- 

panies9 


Sub- 
total: 
monthly 
reporters 


Other 
retail 
dealers' 
accounts 
re- 
ceivable 


Other 

credit 

card 

issuers 7 


Credit 

unions 

and 

caisses 

popu- 
lates 


Public 

utilities 

com- 

paniesS 




End of Instalment 


Personal 
cash loans 




period financing^ 


Small3 Other4 


Total 


D 3450 
D 3452 


3448 3449 
3443 3444 


3414 
3430 


3415 


3416 
3432 


3417 
3433 


3418 
3434 


653388 
653389 


3420 
3436 


3447 
3451 


3423 
3439 


3441 
3445 


3456 
3454 


3424 

3440 



1976 
1977 



1,134 
1,096 



235 
208 



1,500 
1,459 



16,177 
18,731 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 M 

J 
J 

A 

s 
o 

N 
D 

1977 J 
F 
M 
A 
M 
J 
J 
A 
S 
O 
N 
D 



1978 J 1 

F 1 

M 1 

A 1 



121.5 
133.5 
144.4 
143.7 
135.3 
143.0 
137.2 
134.4 

122.9 
109.2 
100.9 
094.8 
102.3 
115.1 
109.2 
112.6 
117.0 
107.1 
096.4 
0963 

066.8 
055.0 
0592 
072.8 



231.8 
232.0 
230.1 
228.7 
225.6 
223.0 
225.4 
234.8 

230.3 
225.7 
221 5 
216.9 
212.0 
213.5 
211.7 
208.9 
204.9 
200.1 
202.3 
207.9 



1,504.1 
1,513.7 
1,514.8 
1,516.5 
1,511.7 
1,505.2 
1,505.7 
1,500.2 

1,493.2 
1,484.6 
1,477.4 
1,474.6 
1,476.1 
1,477.8 
1,470.6 
1,467.6 
1,463.7 
1,459.0 
1,459.7 
1,459.4 



14,400.0 
14,840.6 
15,117.6 
15,382.1 
15,613.4 
15,944.5 
16,017.5 
16,176.7 

16,326.2 
16,535.7 
16,726.0 
17,110.9 
17,368.0 
17.690.0 
17,928.9 
18,072.7 
18,231.9 
18,428 3 
18,541.7 
18,731.1 



201.9 1,444.9 18,787.8 

201.3 1,442.8 18,992 

193.2 1,442.5 19,242 7 

188.6 1,444 4 19,792.5 



72 
87 



65.4 
67.4 
68.5 
69.8 
71.3 
70.3 
71.9 
71.6 

71.8 
73.5 
75.4 
77.2 
79.7 
81.8 
83.4 
854 
86.7 
86.9 
88.5 
868 

87.0 
884 
90.1 
93.0 



1,232 
1,282 



1,173.4 
1,184.4 
1,192.1 
1,200.6 
1,209.4 
1,214.5 
1,223.3 
1,231.9 

1,236.2 
1,243.6 
1.250.5 
1,255.9 
1,259.8 
1,2644 
1,266.7 
1,269.7 
1,272.6 
1,276.0 
1,278.2 
1,282.0 

1,283 
1.289 
1,294.6 
1,299 



1,314 
1,381 



1,101.6 
1,085.8 
1,075.4 
1,081.1 
1,116.2 
1,146.4 
1,194.9 
1,313.9 

1,207.5 
1,159.2 
1,135.4 
1,138.2 
1,137.7 
1,119.4 
1,109.3 
1,119.3 
1.156.0 
1.182.6 
1,234.1 
1,380.5 

1,308.9 
1,233.6 
1,214.1 
1.223 



191 
187 



179.9 
182.0 
183.6 
184.3 
186.1 
189.8 
190.5 
191.3 

187.8 
185.1 
181.8 
181.4 
175.0 
175 4 
177.9 
178.5 
180.9 
185.2 
186.0 
187.1 

184.5 
181.8 
179.9 
184 .1 



288 
368 



236.2 
246.4 
256.1 
262.8 
270.0 
278.6 
285.0 
287.5 

291.0 
301.0 
326.0 
3274 
325.9 
327.4 
332.9 
336.0 
3455 
359.0 
367.0 
3678 



22,142 
24,799 



20,013.9 
20,485.8 
20,782.6 
21,069.6 
21.339.0 
21,715.3 
21,851.4 
22,142.3 

22.166 9 
22.317.6 
22.494.9 
22,877.3 
23,136.5 
23,464.8 
23,6906 
23,850 7 
24,059.2 
24.284.2 
24,453.9 
24.7989 



1,014 
1,061 



317 3,884 381 27,738 

352 4,627 454 31,292 



363.0 24.7278 

380.0 24.8639 

403 25.119.3 

402.0 25.6994 



914.3 290.3 3,581.7 293.2 25,563.5 

9030 307.8 3.766.0 256.7 26.572.5 

1.013.7 316.8 3,8836 381.1 27,737 5 

951.2 300.1 3.976.4 517.9 28,240.5 
946.5 312.8 4.231.2 355.7 29.3110 

938.3 338.8 4.430.9 303.0 30.072.0 

1.060.8 352 2 4,626 9 453 5 31.292 3 

9909 3359 4.731.9 573.4 31.751.4 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 
M.C.D. 1 1 1 



1976 M 


1,130.3 


233.1 


1,493.2 


14,373.0 


65.4 


1,176.2 


1.123.7 


1838 


233 


20.011.7 


J 


1,129.7 


233.2 


1,494.6 


14,684.0 


67.4 


1.185.9 


1.120.4 


187.1 


241.8 


20.344 1 


J 


1,130.4 


230.1 


1,493.4 


14,936.0 


685 


1,193.3 


1.121.4 


188 3 


252.4 


20,613.8 


A 


1,127.1 


227.4 


1,496.6 


15,237.0 


698 


1.200.9 


1,135.6 


1873 


2586 


20,9403 


S 


1,122.8 


225.7 


1,500.0 


15,502.0 


71.3 


1.209 


1,154.2 


186.1 


2708 


21,241.9 


O 


1,121.7 


225.1 


1,503 1 


15,771.0 


70.3 


1,213.4 


1,163.1 


186 2 


274.2 


21,528.1 


N 


1,119.0 


226.7 


1,503.3 


15,983.0 


71.9 


1,220.2 


1.188.0 


186 2 


2857 


21.784 


D 


1,123.0 


231.0 


1,501.1 


16,213.0 


71.6 


1,226 7 


1,181.5 


183 4 


301.1 


22,0324 


1977 J 


1,136.7 


2282 


1,523.7 


16.526.0 


71 8 


1.235.1 


1,130.2 


183 8 


303.5 


22.339.0 


F 


1,132.6 


2248 


1,500.7 


16,795.0 


73.5 


1,245.0 


1,142.5 


184 4 


306 1 


22.604.6 


M 


1,130.9 


221.9 


1,491.6 


17,037 


75.4 


1,251.2 


1.150.6 


1845 


321.3 


22,8644 


A 


1,118.5 


217.8 


1,486 


17,215.0 


77.2 


1,258.5 


1,153.5 


184 9 


3222 


23.0336 


M 


1,111.2 


213.6 


1,467.0 


17,343 


79.7 


1.262 7 


1,161.9 


179.9 


322.0 


23,141 


J 


1,112.0 


214.6 


1,464.2 


17,516.0 


81.8 


1,265.9 


1,160.8 


180 2 


322.0 


23,317.5 


J 


1,095.9 


211.9 


1,454.0 


17,714 


834 


1,2683 


1.164.1 


182.1 


325.6 


23,4993 


A 


1,096.6 


208.1 


1.451.3 


17,899.0 


85.4 


1,270.3 


1.179.7 


181.1 


3275 


23,6990 


S 


1,105.0 


2055 


1,453.5 


18,110 


867 


1.2728 


1.193.8 


180 6 


3464 


23,9543 


O 


1,086.6 


2022 


1,457.3 


18,235.0 


869 


1,275.4 


1,194.7 


181.2 


3536 


24.072.9 


N 


1,079 


203.6 


1,458.7 


18,500.8 


885 


1,2755 


1.208.8 


180 7 


3676 


24,3632 


D 


1,084 9 


2039 


1,461.0 


18,777.0 


86.8 


1,2770 


1,236.3 


179.2 


384 8 


24.690.9 


1978 J 


1,077.0 


199 2 


1,460.4 


19,015 9 


87.0 


1,281.7 


1,225.7 


383.7 


3784 


24.9064 


F 


1,075.2 


199 8 


1,453.4 


19,281 2 


884 


1,290.3 


1.219.9 


181.3 


3863 


25.175.8 


M 


1,084.7 


193 


1,453.8 


19,595.4 


90.1 


1,295.2 


1.232.5 


182 9 


396.4 


25.5240 


A 


1,095.5 


189.4 


1,453.7 


19,912 


93.0 


1,301.6 


1.244.8 


187.8 


3946 


25.8724 



9312 2994 3,554.3 321.5 25,450 5 

9390 2917 3.7085 338.7 26.5198 

9543 305.2 3.884 3729 27.548 8 

957 320.8 4.072 9 396 1 28.611.2 

9656 323.4 4.1976 3899 29.194.0 

9763 323.8 4,362.0 3999 30,0163 

9960 334.9 4.626.9 444 1 31.0928 



997 3 



354 8 4.838 3 4312 32.145 6 



Note Components may not add to totals because ot rounding 

• Credit extended mainly to individuals and chiefly tor personal consumption expenditures Data exclude consumer indebtedness arising from residential mortgages, home-im- 
provement loans and bank loans fully secured against marketable securities Figures do not include statistics on interpersonal loans, bills owing to doctors, dentists, lawyers, 
and other personal service credit ^Conditional sales agreements held by sales finance companies and by consumer loan companies in connection with the financing ol retail 
purchases of consumers' goods and repaid in instalments Amounts shown exclude unearned linance charges 3Personal cash loans of up to $1,500 made by companies 
licensed under the Small Loans Act Amounts shown are net ol interest and other finance charges 4p e rsonal cash loans over $1,500. usually repaid in instalments. 
Amounts shown exclude unearned finance charges ^Includes bank-sponsored credit card balances 6The da'a '° r Quebec savings bank loans are not seasonally adjusted 
as no seasonality is present this series is repeated in the unadjusted form 'Amount owed by personal (non-commercial) credit card holders to oil companies, airlines, auto- 
rental lirms, and international travel and entertainment credit card issuing companies SBills due lor non-commercial use ol telephones, gas and electric power 9Personal 
cash loans only. 
Sources: Consumer Credit (61-004), Statistics Canada; Bank of Canada; and Department of Insurance. 



112 



Section 1 1 ■ External Trade 

114 1. Merchandise Exports, Major Countries and Areas 

115 2. Merchandise Imports, Major Countries and Areas 

116 3. Merchandise Exports, by Commodity 
118 4. Merchandise Imports, by Commodity 



113 



Sect 


on 


11 -Tat 


)le 1 


























July 1978 


Tabl 


9 1 


: Merchandise exports (including re-exports), major countries and 


areas 


(million dollars) 






















All 




Eu- 


Belgium 




















Year 










other 




ropean 


and 




















and 




All 


United 


United 


coun- 


Western 


Common 


Luxem- 




West 




Nether- 




Eastern 




Middle 


Other 


month 




countries 


States 


Kingdom 


tries 


Europe 


Market! 


bourg 


France Germany 


Italy 


lands 


Norway 


Europe 


USSR. 


East 


Africa 







3471 


3472 


3473 


3474 


3475 


3476 


3477 


3478 


3479 


3480 


3481 


3482 


3483 


3484 


3485 


3486 


1976 




38,396.6 


25.893.9 


1,877.9 


10,624.8 


5,155.4 


2,631.2 


485.0 


4243 


710.9 


555.2 


455.8 


152.5 


813.8 


549.9 


577.1 


414.3 


1977 




44,375.5 


31,026.6 


1,946.3 


11,402.6 


5,401.8 


2,688 5 


519.7 


369 8 


778.1 


501.7 


519.2 


2240 


638.4 


360.0 


650.8 


479.3 


1976 


J 


3,6496 


2,416.7 


194.4 


1,038.5 


468.1 


226.6 


40.0 


45.6 


63.0 


32.8 


45.1 


8.4 


93.5 


81.3 


34.2 


45.7 




J 


3,089.7 


1,927.6 


163.2 


998.8 


441.3 


207.6 


40.6 


26.2 


64.4 


40.5 


358 


31.2 


106.5 


87.8 


65.6 


33.3 




A 


3,075.9 


2,042.5 


159.9 


873.5 


463.3 


246.1 


49.0 


36.7 


74.8 


42.9 


42.7 


16 6 


753 


47.9 


37.7 


37.6 




s 


3,250.3 


2,241.1 


145.2 


864.0 


420.2 


225.1 


40.5 


45.7 


588 


49.9 


30.0 


15.3 


41.0 


10.0 


459 


42.9 




o 


3,2063 


2,125.3 


161.4 


9196 


449.4 


248.9 


42.6 


30.7 


76.9 


53.7 


44.8 


1.3 


600 


32.7 


36.6 


30.0 




N 


3,421.5 


2.281.8 


162.4 


977.2 


531.9 


294.6 


52.3 


33.0 


934 


67.6 


482 


18.8 


39.2 


11.2 


52.6 


36.1 




D 


3,381.1 


2,330.8 


147.0 


903.3 


422.1 


228.5 


40.9 


48.4 


46.8 


40.7 


51.8 


5.7 


59.8 


4.0 


84.9 


49.4 


1977 


J 


3,160.3 


2,145.3 


159.3 


855.7 


443.7 


2292 


36.7 


34.6 


72.4 


46.1 


39.3 


18.6 


48.0 


17.4 


64.3 


20.7 




F 


3,280.4 


2,305.5 


137.5 


837.4 


411.2 


211.7 


39.7 


41.8 


59.3 


30.7 


40.2 


18.9 


43.0 


20.3 


44.9 


32.6 




M 


3,905.8 


2,766.0 


169.1 


970.6 


467.0 


201.7 


29.1 


31.3 


66.9 


42.2 


32.2 


39.2 


37.7 


14.4 


47.9 


47.0 




A 


3.525.0 


2,575.8 


131.1 


818.0 


358.4 


169.1 


36.0 


28.6 


42.4 


31.5 


30.7 


20.4 


342 


10.2 


36.4 


25.6 




M 


3,990.6 


2,737.1 


205.3 


1,048.2 


526.6 


246.7 


41.4 


37.3 


75.8 


50.2 


42.0 


26.2 


54.4 


32.8 


42.8 


56.4 




J 


4,100.4 


2,805.4 


179.4 


1,115.5 


488.3 


255.5 


44.7 


24.5 


90.6 


44.9 


50.7 


6.7 


83.1 


48.7 


61.4 


41.0 




J 


3,573.6 


2.422.3 


156.7 


994.5 


443.9 


213.0 


44.2 


30.2 


51.9 


29.6 


57.1 


27.7 


102.3 


656 


51.7 


41.1 




A 


3,523.8 


2.269.2 


17V.9 


1,076.6 


500.2 


251.5 


58.7 


27.3 


75.5 


408 


49.1 


20.9 


460 


26.7 


71.0 


50.0 




s 


3,510.4 


2,532.1 


137.7 


8406 


370.8 


193.5 


47.8 


24.0 


456 


41.8 


34.4 


1.3 


34.4 


27.9 


61.1 


369 







4,046.4 


2,870.0 


171.6 


1,004.8 


472.2 


242.0 


57.7 


37.0 


57.2 


39.9 


50.2 


16.1 


49.0 


19.6 


70.8 


36.5 




N 


3,669.5 


2,755.8 


120.6 


793.1 


361.8 


202.5 


38.5 


23.1 


46.3 


52.2 


42.4 


1.3 


31.3 


23.2 


50.2 


369 




D 


4,0893 


2,842.0 


2000 


1,047.3 


557.6 


272.0 


45.1 


30.1 


94.3 


51.8 


50.7 


26.8 


75.0 


53.2 


48.3 


54.7 


1978 


J 


3,507.7 


2,534.6 


126.1 


845.8 


3609 


176.2 


28.6 


25.0 


59.2 


31.2 


32.2 


16.1 


40.5 


14.8 


46.9 


28.8 




F 


4,098.3 


2,885.4 


170.8 


1,040.7 


464 


228.9 


44.7 


42.5 


59.9 


41.3 


40.5 


18 6 


34.4 


8.7 


51.4 


47.7 




M 


4,038.7 


2,973.3 


177.8 


887.6 


4366 


204.8 


41.9 


44.0 


440 


51.8 


23.1 


3.9 


28.1 


9.4 


498 


36.5 




A 


4,607.9 


3,390.7 


189.9 


1,027.3 


471.1 


218.5 


468 


43.1 


52.6 


339 


42.1 


13.8 


31.7 


12.8 


57.8 


588 




M 


4,5980 


3,209.7 


241.6 


1,146.6 


540.7 


218.3 


51.9 


34.4 


56.8 


37.8 


37.4 


22.6 


107.0 


677 


53.6 


30.6 
























Central 






Adjusted for seasonal 


variation 












All 




Year 




Republic 








People's 










America 




All 






other 


European 


and 




of South 


Other 






Republic 






South 


Vene- 


and 




coun- 


United 


United 


coun- 


Common 


montr 




Atnca 


Asia 


India 


Japan 


of China 


Oceania 


Australia 


America 


zuela 


Antilles 


Mexico 


tries 


States 


Kingdom 


tries 


Market! 



3487 



3488 



3489 



3491 



3492 



3498 3499 3500 3501 



3502 



1976 




989 


3,311.1 


155 8 


2.396.5 


196.5 


4348 


3727 


941 8 


3760 


8379 


2156 






M.C.D. 






1977 




85.2 


3,761.0 


136.2 


2,518 


369.3 


489 7 


413.5 


1,154.1 


571 2 


7595 


219.1 


3 


3 


9 


5 


6 


1976 


J 


103 


329.9 


28.8 


2189 


19.3 


438 


38.3 


119 


370 


969 


21.5 


3.281.6 


2.212.6 


175.9 


893 1 


2004 




J 


86 


3089 


189 


212.5 


28.1 


324 


27.1 


988 


392 


748 


21.6 


3.201.4 


2,0863 


169 4 


9457 


201 6 




A 


57 


217.5 


86 


161.5 


10.1 


42.7 


36.4 


65.1 


21 9 


932 


339 


3.3362 


2.405.0 


155.2 


776.0 


2476 




S 


10.0 


272.3 


15.5 


191.2 


20.7 


460 


39.2 


78.3 


349 


61.4 


18.5 


3.339 1 


2.251.8 


170.2 


917.1 


2443 




O 


6.7 


291.9 


7.4 


213.1 


118 


338 


290 


117.5 


360 


59.7 


110 


3,231 5 


2.0369 


152 9 


1.041.7 


2348 




N 


4.3 


2892 


23.0 


191.5 


111 


430 


36.7 


855 


360 


61.0 


12 1 


3.1337 


2.117 9 


167.1 


8487 


2724 




D 


6 1 


266.8 


13.2 


196.3 


4.4 


38.1 


34.5 


69 2 


29.6 


58.9 


13.0 


3.3904 


2.3739 


1400 


8765 


210.6 


1977 


J 


7.0 


290.4 


5.5 


195.1 


21 9 


308 


23.4 


70.2 


36.9 


458 


99 


3.4483 


2,3805 


177.0 


8908 


2408 




F 


5.6 


273.3 


4.3 


185 


19.6 


443 


346 


71.8 


43 9 


526 


15 4 


3.490 1 


2.385 


150 4 


9547 


238.8 




M 


8.2 


340.4 


19.0 


231.2 


338 


44.1 


388 


75.5 


39.7 


79.2 


268 


3.9776 


2.615.8 


161.3 


1.200 5 


2356 




A 


6 1 


3233 


8.6 


2055 


32.6 


36.1 


31.7 


79.8 


41.3 


53.7 


16.1 


3.730 1 


2.548 1 


157 6 


1.024 4 


2185 




M 


11.2 


341.2 


10.8 


2329 


25.7 


504 


388 


112.7 


67.9 


683 


16.3 


3.531 7 


2.5289 


168 8 


8340 


215.1 




J 


49 


391.9 


20.3 


267.6 


44.2 


536 


47.3 


1112 


53.7 


630 


21 1 


3,5833 


2.5633 


156.5 


863.5 


212.9 




J 


5.3 


295.9 


16.3 


193 


379 


40.0 


33.5 


114 5 


527 


59.7 


17.6 


3.801 


2.671 9 


160 3 


9688 


2120 




A 


7.2 


3630 


12.6 


241 8 


303 


33.6 


28.1 


102 


25.3 


878 


244 


3.771 8 


2.5936 


185.3 


992.9 


2565 




S 


7.0 


268.3 


4.2 


193.1 


264 


40 1 


35.7 


1111 


47.6 


549 


15.8 


3.5249 


2.565 7 


152.7 


8065 


208.1 




O 


6.0 


330.1 


10.6 


2309 


27.2 


43.7 


396 


116 4 


570 


56.7 


257 


4.0309 


2.719.5 


166 5 


1.144.9 


2156 




N 


8.9 


250.2 


137 


162.8 


26.1 


34.1 


29.0 


836 


468 


646 


109 


3.5890 


2.6757 


134 7 


7786 


203 1 




D 


7.6 


293.0 


10 4 


179.0 


43.6 


388 


33 1 


105.1 


584 


733 


19.3 


3,8968 


2.778 3 


175.0 


9435 


231 .5 


1978 


J 


6.4 


3069 


11 4 


213.5 


34.8 


31.6 


225 


85.3 


438 


685 


245 


3.9374 


2.8942 


148.1 


895 1 


201.5 




F 


7.6 


376.4 


18.9 


243.6 


35.2 


37.9 


31.5 


117.3 


798 


81 


21.8 


4.242 9 


2.916 3 


178 3 


1.148.2 


2509 




M 


10.8 


3072 


16.4 


198 


17.1 


35.9 


32.0 


1049 


61.8 


658 


169 


4.3345 


2.9253 


1853 


1,224 


2580 




A 


14.0 


3872 


136 


272.3 


34.2 


31.6 


26.3 


95.1 


327 


81 9 


18.2 


4.708 


3.3378 


2006 


1.169.6 


2524 




M 


4.8 


483.2 


196 


307.9 


658 


36.0 


31.9 


72.2 


323 


640 


144 


4.0508 


2.8364 


201 4 


1.013.0 


194 1 



'Includes Belgium, Luxembourg. France, Germany. Italy and Netherlands 
Source: Exports by Commodities (65-004). Statistics Canada. 



114 



July 1978 

Table 2: Merchandise imports, major countries and areas (million dollars) 



Section 11 -Table 2 











All 




Eu- 


Belgium 




















Year 








other 




ropean 


and 




















and 


All 


United 


United 


coun- 


Western 


Common 


Luxem- 




West 




Nether- 


Eastern 


Middle 




Saudi 


Other 


month 


countries 


States 


Kingdom 


tries 


Europe 


Market! 


bourg 


France 


Germany 


Italy 


lands 


Europe 


East 


Iran 


Arabia 


Africa 


D 


3535 


3536 


3537 


3538 


3539 


3540 


3541 


3542 


3543 


3544 


3545 


3546 


3547 


3548 


3549 


3550 


1976 


37,444.4 


25,751.7 


1,149.7 


10.543.0 


3,953.6 


1,888 5 


124.7 


437.2 


780.7 


364.7 


181.3 


205.8 


1,762.0 


695.4 


481.6 


522.4 


1977 


42,156.0 


29,630.2 


1,281.4 


11,244.4 


4,463.1 


2,236.1 


160.4 


522.0 


9640 


399.2 


190.5 


214.3 


1,486.8 


537.3 


712.3 


362.3 


1976 J 


3,585.7 


2,3879 


110.5 


1,087.3 


340.9 


160.1 


11.9 


40.2 


59.9 


32.2 


15.8 


23.9 


201.8 


63.4 


58.5 


61.7 


J 


2,924.6 


1,888.2 


892 


947.3 


353.1 


168.3 


12.9 


43.2 


67.3 


28.3 


16.6 


21.5 


168.1 


48.6 


53.0 


41.0 


A 


2,877.4 


1,889 


87.0 


901.4 


327.0 


162 4 


9.2 


38.8 


65.8 


34.6 


13.9 


15.0 


181.3 


64.6 


70.3 


34.0 


S 


2,938.5 


2,096.9 


78.4 


763.1 


289.5 


145.9 


7.4 


30.0 


62.8 


31.1 


14.6 


15.1 


74.4 


16.4 


28.7 


38.0 


O 


2,969.7 


2,062.8 


96.2 


810.7 


322.3 


156.1 


9.0 


38.7 


64.0 


29.2 


15.1 


15.3 


68.8 


30.3 


27.8 


32.6 


N 


3,496.6 


2,456.3 


113.1 


927.2 


369.4 


178.6 


12.9 


39.3 


74.7 


31.0 


20.8 


21.3 


129.5 


53.3 


47.2 


44.5 


D 


3,076.2 


2,194.1 


83.7 


798.4 


325.4 


153.3 


93 


29.3 


71.5 


27.8 


15.4 


19.0 


87.4 


65.2 


12.9 


29.7 


1977 J 


3,019.2 


2,042.0 


89.0 


888.3 


308.8 


154.6 


10.5 


30.0 


69.6 


31.2 


13.3 


17.8 


134.3 


66.1 


56.7 


28.7 


F 


3,197.4 


2,286.4 


92.4 


818.6 


316.1 


158.1 


13.7 


29.4 


71.1 


28 8 


15.0 


22.9 


98.0 


49.8 


33.7 


21.4 


M 


3,755 1 


2,652.3 


126.4 


9764 


399.9 


186 2 


13.3 


43.8 


78.9 


35.3 


14.8 


20.2 


138.1 


13.6 


107.3 


14.4 


A 


3,557.4 


2,561.9 


996 


895.9 


347.3 


172.0 


10.4 


39.3 


78.5 


29.3 


14.5 


18.3 


142.2 


70.1 


68.2 


12.5 


M 


3,9706 


2,813.4 


122.3 


1,034.9 


433.1 


219.5 


15.9 


61.1 


91.2 


32.2 


19.1 


21.2 


132.5 


59.7 


69.6 


28.2 


J 


3,926.9 


2,839.5 


126.1 


961.3 


414.8 


206.8 


16.0 


46.8 


88.3 


36.9 


18.9 


22.8 


69.7 


13.9 


50.7 


286 


J 


3,250.9 


2,260.4 


97.5 


893.1 


358.9 


183 5 


10.8 


44.3 


78.1 


34.5 


15.7 


16.5 


153.6 


43.1 


76.8 


52.3 


A 


3,373.0 


2,144.3 


118.1 


1,110.6 


432.7 


231.5 


16.4 


62.6 


87.9 


47.8 


16.7 


18.1 


188.4 


82.6 


83.3 


30.0 


S 


3,286.0 


2,330.0 


98.1 


8579 


3585 


180.4 


14.5 


34.5 


86.0 


283 


17.2 


13.2 


54.9 


17 9 


33.3 


43.6 


O 


3,710.1 


2,6788 


108.7 


922.7 


373.6 


179.0 


13.5 


44.3 


72.5 


326 


16.0 


15.2 


101.7 


6.3 


62.6 


45.7 


N 


3,619.0 


2,654.2 


104.3 


860.5 


3438 


180 9 


13 


41.0 


78.8 


32.8 


15.3 


13.4 


68.5 


23.6 


30.8 


33.4 


D 


3,4902 


2,367.0 


99.0 


1,024.2 


375.8 


183 6 


12.1 


44.9 


83.0 


29.6 


14.1 


14.6 


204.8 


90.6 


39.2 


23.5 


1978 J 


3,188.3 


2,100.6 


97 1 


990.6 


353.5 


182 4 


105 


37.4 


84.0 


34.0 


16.5 


19.7 


103.0 


8.3 


68.8 


30.5 


F 


3,904.0 


2,667.0 


128.3 


1,108.6 


420.9 


210.3 


14.8 


58.5 


83.0 


34.7 


19.3 


18.3 


226.6 


122.1 


71.2 


31.3 


M 


3,534.2 


2,573.1 


118.7 


842.4 


429.2 


226.0 


20.9 


49.5 


100.7 


33.4 


21.5 


16.6 


94.7 


28.0 


50.6 


9.9 


A 


4,685.7 


3,365.6 


153 8 


1,166.2 


549.1 


297.4 


21.7 


68.0 


129.7 


53.6 


24.5 


21.8 


103.1 


55.3 


31.6 


15.1 


M 


4,401.0 


3,133.5 


136.3 


1,131.3 


4592 


227.6 


16.0 


57.7 


96.9 


38.7 


18.3 


21.2 


152.3 


65.3 


70.3 


45.8 




















Central 








Ad|usted tor seasonal 


variation 












All 




Year 


















America 




Nether- 


All 






other 


European 


and 


Other 










South 




Vene- 


and 




lands 


coun- 


United 


United 


coun- 


Common 


month 


Asia 


India 


Japan 


Oceania 


Australia 


America 


Brazil 


zuela 


Antilles 


Jamaica 


Antilles 


tries 


States 


Kingdom 


tries 


Marketl 


D 


3551 


3552 


3553 


3554 


3555 


3556 


3557 


3558 


3559 


3560 


3561 












D 
























3562 


3563 


3564 


3565 


3566 


1976 


2,777.8 


66 8 


1,523.9 


413.8 


339.2 


1,627.9 


162.6 


1,298.6 


428.8 


14.8 


7.1 






M.C.D. 






1977 


3,119.8 


55.7 


1,802.8 


427.1 


353.4 


1,833.5 


214.0 


1,359.8 


618.3 


55.4 


70.0 


3 


3 


5 


3 


3 


1976 J 


261.8 


8.6 


147.6 


44.5 


347 


207.6 


12.4 


177.1 


55.6 


1.3 


0.1 


3,185.5 


2,142.0 


95.3 


9482 


1495 


J 


238.6 


5.4 


124.2 


29.7 


22.9 


143.9 


95 


118.4 


40.4 


1.1 


- 


3,114 9 


2,113.3 


90.3 


911.3 


159.2 


A 


236.9 


4.9 


118.6 


47.7 


39.4 


113.7 


18.1 


83.2 


32.9 


1.6 


- 


3,122.7 


2,205 1 


87.6 


8300 


150.8 


S 


244.5 


5.5 


122 2 


32.0 


26.2 


120.0 


13.0 


958 


27.9 


1.8 


0.4 


3,1672 


2.180 3 


903 


8966 


159 9 


O 


245.7 


4.8 


137.6 


39.5 


35.3 


153.9 


13.3 


127.7 


28.8 


1.4 


18 


2,939.4 


1,985 3 


96.3 


857.8 


166.7 


N 


270.9 


5.1 


159.5 


37.0 


32.4 


138.1 


17.5 


100.1 


29.4 


1.0 


0.3 


3,2072 


2.205 1 


106 3 


895.8 


163.7 


D 


240.0 


4.9 


131.9 


41.2 


378 


109.1 


15.8 


76.0 


30.4 


0.5 


- 


3.2959 


2,341.0 


98.2 


856.7 


165.3 


1977 J 


235.6 


3.2 


132.5 


46.0 


42.3 


165.3 


13.1 


128 1 


40.9 


5.9 


2.2 


3,263.4 


2,325.6 


96.0 


841.8 


165.8 


F 


245.6 


3.0 


133.7 


28.8 


22.3 


133.0 


16.9 


95.2 


45.2 


2.4 


- 


3,394.8 


2,393.4 


100.6 


9008 


178.2 


M 


265.8 


4.0 


153.3 


292 


22.2 


182.8 


23.5 


127.9 


52.4 


18 


3.1 


3.535.0 


2,441.0 


1077 


9863 


187.0 


A 


221.1 


5.0 


1365 


39.4 


33.1 


153.8 


16.7 


110.1 


60 8 


4.7 


9.9 


3.605.1 


2,541.9 


106 2 


9570 


182.8 


M 


284.7 


6.2 


168.1 


340 


26.9 


154 


26.7 


102.1 


69.4 


7.1 


5.5 


3,5279 


2,474.7 


107 6 


9456 


192.8 


J 


271,9 


6.0 


148.3 


35.7 


29.6 


188 9 


17.1 


147.8 


55.1 


1.8 


125 


3,507.5 


2,545.9 


110.3 


851.3 


192.5 


J 


240.0 


3.6 


123.0 


15.7 


9.1 


111.0 


10.1 


85.2 


42.6 


7.8 


- 


3.535.7 


2,556.7 


104.1 


874.9 


185.7 


A 


300 6 


4.7 


165.6 


45.0 


37.6 


160 9 


16.8 


129 2 


52.9 


2.8 


9.7 


3,570.1 


2,4486 


121.2 


1,000.3 


207.8 


S 


248.9 


5.1 


139 2 


29.9 


24.0 


151.6 


13.8 


120.7 


55.3 


7.1 


14.0 


3,514.0 


2,446.0 


1065 


961.5 


1952 





271.3 


5.0 


174.2 


27.9 


23.2 


141.6 


14.2 


107.5 


54.3 


6.9 


3.8 


3,643.4 


2,543.5 


106.3 


993.6 


180.2 


N 


262.5 


5.3 


165.3 


37.6 


305 


163.9 


24.3 


119.9 


41.7 


0.7 


9.3 


3,5779 


2.5202 


1117 


9460 


188.4 


D 


271.7 


4.6 


163.1 


58.0 


52.5 


126.5 


20.8 


86.2 


47.8 


6.5 


- 


3,481.0 


2,3926 


103.3 


985.1 


179.7 


1978 J 


2689 


2.5 


162.0 


41.2 


33.0 


225.6 


17.7 


175.3 


45.2 


4.8 


03 


3,5720 


2.479.6 


109.9 


982.5 


210.2 


F 


313.0 


4.8 


194.4 


40.0 


34.0 


133.3 


19.9 


90.1 


53.5 


64 


- 


3,971 4 


2,702.5 


127.4 


1,141.4 


227.0 


M 


244.9 


3.6 


147 1 


19.1 


14.5 


104.4 


15.9 


707 


42.4 


4.3 


0.1 


3,551.1 


2,500.2 


115.6 


9353 


242.4 


A 


355.8 


8.3 


211.7 


43.6 


34.0 


173.2 


25.1 


980 


53.1 


6.4 


0.1 


4,655.8 


3,260.3 


152.4 


1,243.2 


304.9 


M 


329.7 


6.8 


193.5 


25.5 


19.0 


173.2 


26.8 


107.0 


60.4 


5.6 


0.2 


3.8054 


2.639.0 


116.8 


1.049.6 


194.4 



1 Includes Belgium, Luxembourg, France. Germany, Italy and Netherlands 
Source: Imports by Commodities (65-007), Statistics Canada. 



115 



Section 11 -Table 3 

Table 3: Merchandise exports, by commodity, based on the standard commodity classification! (million dollars) 



July 1978 







(1971 = 


■ 100) 


Exports 














Domestic 


export s2 
























Food, feed, beverages and tobacco 












Index 




Meat 




Shell- 






Other 














ol phy- 


and re- 






Live 




and 


Fish, 


fish, 






cereals 




Fodder 




Year 




Index ol 


sical 


exports 


Re- 




animals 




meat 


tresh or preserved 




Wheat 


and 


Other 


and 




and 




pnces3 


volume3 


total 


exports 


Total 


total 


Total 


preps. 


frozen 


fish 


Wheat 


flour 


preps. 


foods 


feed 


Whisky 


month 




(1) 


(2) 


(3) 


(4) 


(5) 


(6) 


(7) 


(8) 


(9) 


(10) 


(11) 


(12) 


(13) 


(19) 


(20) 


(21) 




D 


3800 


3801 


3601 


3602 


3603 


3604 


3605 


3606 


3607 


3608 


3609 


3610 


3611 


3612 


3613 


3614 


1976 




177.3 


120.7 


38,396.6 


820.9 


37,575.7 


134.0 


4,141.1 


209.1 


287.4 


294.7 


1,719.7 


129.7 


741.0 


234.1 


131.9 


222.7 


1977 




188.8 


131.2 


44,375.5 


869.7 


43,505.8 


151.3 


4,394.5 


2234 


4039 


386.6 


1,826.8 


114.8 


483.3 


301.1 


164.0 


270.7 


1976 


J 


176.3 


138.7 


3,649.6 


72.7 


3.576.9 


13.3 


4600 


22.9 


22.6 


29.5 


245.4 


13.3 


62.0 


14.8 


88 


22.1 




J 


181.0 


114.5 


3,089.7 


58.5 


3,031.2 


11.1 


434.5 


17.1 


32.0 


20.9 


2133 


18.4 


83.9 


14.0 


8.0 


11.7 




A 


179.6 


114.5 


3,075.9 


66.6 


3,009.3 


10.8 


3181 


15.4 


34.7 


20.4 


129.2 


12.9 


499 


15.4 


13.4 


15.3 




s 


174.7 


124.0 


3,250.3 


81.1 


3,169.3 


9.5 


327.5 


17.9 


34.8 


22.1 


139.6 


66 


48.8 


18.2 


11.2 


19.0 




o 


178.8 


119.7 


3,206.3 


75.8 


3,130.5 


13.6 


385.6 


18.7 


30.3 


24.8 


126.6 


6.6 


95.4 


24.7 


17.5 


29.1 




N 


175.5 


130.2 


3,421.5 


77.4 


3,344.1 


13.7 


335.4 


11.3 


23.3 


24.9 


109.3 


7.7 


73.2 


31.5 


15.4 


26.0 




D 


177. 7 


126.9 


3.381.1 


80.9 


3,300.2 


13.4 


357.8 


10.6 


19.3 


24.4 


129.4 


13.2 


75.2 


28.4 


24.2 


18.7 


1977 


J 


184.2 


115.5 


3,160.3 


48.4 


3,111.9 


9.2 


295.5 


13.9 


17.9 


16.5 


121.2 


8.8 


51.4 


25.2 


9.7 


15.1 




F 


184.1 


119.2 


3,2804 


69.3 


3,211.1 


7.1 


283.5 


18.0 


19.0 


14.8 


1220 


7.6 


22.2 


23.1 


14.9 


16.9 




M 


181.6 


144.1 


3,905.8 


75.7 


3,830.1 


7.9 


312.2 


260 


27.7 


25.2 


938 


16.8 


38.4 


288 


11.2 


19.5 




A 


186.7 


126.5 


3,525.0 


683 


3,456.7 


11.7 


278.6 


20.2 


16.0 


52.6 


94.7 


10.0 


19.0 


22.7 


9.1 


• 15.9 




M 


186.6 


143.2 


3,990.6 


80.2 


3,910.3 


17.1 


380.2 


22.4 


26.3 


58.1 


130.3 


12.9 


50.2 


25.6 


15.0 


18.2 




J 


185.6 


148.1 


4,100 4 


799 


4,020.4 


8.7 


4543 


19.6 


33.2 


32.7 


2337 


0.5 


56.2 


226 


14.5 


21.0 




J 


189.7 


126.0 


3,573.6 


76.8 


3,496.8 


9.9 


433.5 


21.0 


49.4 


25.8 


2253 


4.4 


45.1 


21.0 


14.6 


9.8 




A 


197.9 


119.0 


3,5238 


795 


3,444.3 


11.3 


429.5 


19.0 


55.0 


300 


2038 


13.1 


364 


22.6 


13.2 


18.6 




S 


190.9 


123.3 


3,510.4 


66.9 


3,443.6 


13.6 


355.5 


18.0 


47.4 


33.3 


138.6 


6.5 


23.3 


26.2 


12.4 


34.6 







192.0 


140.8 


4,046.4 


90.7 


3,955.7 


19.1 


3874 


13.4 


47.9 


31.8 


144.3 


6.8 


41.1 


27.4 


11.3 


490 




N 


193.3 


127.7 


3,6695 


58.0 


3,611.5 


17.9 


328.3 


13.0 


26.7 


279 


126.7 


18.4 


32.4 


28.0 


14.3 


28.2 




D 


193.9 


141.5 


4,0893 


76.1 


4,013.2 


17 8 


456.2 


19.0 


37.4 


37.8 


192.2 


90 


67.5 


27.8 


23.9 


23.9 


1978 


J 


201.0 


117.5 


3,470.5 


51.4 


3,419.1 


9.5 


281.6 


19 3 


27.0 


28.8 


94.1 


11.4 


35.0 


22.7 


11.1 


16.4 




F 


197.0 


139.5 


4,076.9 


79.2 


3,997 7 


17.7 


341.1 


27.3 


30.5 


21.7 


93 1 


17.1 


52.0 


27.5 


16.3 


21.4 




M 


198.5 


137.0 


4,015.4 


60.7 


3,954.6 


16.2 


2909 


24.6 


299 


22.9 


883 


16.3 


31.9 


22.1 


10.9 


17.5 




A 






4,591.7 


76.7 


4,515.1 


22.8 


382.2 


31.6 


30.9 


23.7 


104 4 


21.5 


29.7 


69.3 


13.6 


26.7 




M 






4,563.4 


70.9 


4,4925 


19.9 


474.2 


26.6 


35.3 


32.5 


177.7 


73 


54.6 


75.4 


11.1 


24.3 




















Domestic 


export s2 




























Crude materials, inedible 
















































Other fabricat 
materials, ined 


3d 






Hides. 




Crude 




Ores, concentrates 


& scrap 








As- 


Non- 


ble 












Other 






Veneer 


Year 






skins 


Oil- 


wood 








Radio- 


non- 


Crude 


Natural 


bestos. 


metal 






and 


and 




Total 


and (urs 


seeds 


mats 


Iron 


Copper 


Nickel 


active 


ferrous petroleum 


gas 


unmfrd 


minerals 


Total 


Lumber 


plywood 


montr 




(22) 


(23) 


(24) 


(25) 


(28) 


(30) 


(31) 


(32) 


(33) 


(35) 


(36) 


(37I 


(38) 


(39) 


(40) 


(41) 




D 


3615 


3616 


3617 


3618 


3619 


36J0 


3621 


3622 


3623 


3624 


3625 


3626 


3627 


3628 


3629 


3630 


1976 




8,274.0 


126.5 


283.2 


73.0 


984.4 


339.4 


524.5 


67.4 


565.6 


2.286.7 


1,6165 


482 3 


763.8 


12,189.1 


1.648.7 


101 


1977 




8.849.8 


158.6 


440.7 


105.7 


1,114.9 


3107 


5374 


75.4 


6912 


1.750 6 


2.028 1 


5533 


8986 


14.924 8 


2.387 1 


148.3 


1976 


J 


753.6 


13.4 


207 


4.0 


134 4 


182 


36.5 


120 


55.7 


187.4 


135.2 


419 


83.3 


1,117.8 


150.4 


94 




J 


7158 


7.6 


294 


65 


113 3 


397 


554 


06 


582 


185 9 


125.1 


338 


499 


971 6 


1358 


6.9 




A 


6776 


7.7 


24.1 


6.9 


148.4 


266 


496 


1.8 


41 2 


1695 


121.1 


334 


365 


1.1236 


163 5 


8.3 




S 


6889 


7.1 


21.9 


5.5 


104.1 


404 


48 9 


4.0 


45.4 


177 8 


1248 


384 


61.5 


1.0345 


151.8 


50 







6806 


67 


15.0 


4.7 


92.6 


396 


322 


64 


604 


171.7 


1328 


39.7 


68.7 


1.070 3 


1488 


76 




N 


7289 


9.0 


34.2 


83 


934 


257 


51 5 


33 


48.4 


168.7 


153.5 


60 6 


57.8 


1,1003 


1642 


103 




D 


6933 


11.6 


39.0 


10.0 


458 


22.5 


41.4 


31 4 


428 


166 5 


1470 


465 


75.3 


1.001 3 


148 1 


69 


1977 


J 


709.2 


12.3 


224 


6.5 


70.3 


25.9 


50.1 


06 


598 


1694 


154 4 


41.8 


82 1 


1.070 9 


1602 


102 




F 


633.2 


23.9 


39.0 


8.7 


228 


23.2 


51.0 


20 


383 


1398 


175.5 


426 


51.0 


1.086 9 


152 3 


7.2 




M 


717.4 


21.6 


33.1 


10.3 


17.9 


475 


393 


- 


786 


132 


180 6 


61 2 


75.6 


1.326 4 


201 4 


134 




A 


6847 


12.2 


265 


8.8 


36.1 


19.0 


464 


117 


494 


1535 


192 6 


370 


754 


1.208 1 


1885 


142 




M 


8030 


17.0 


58.0 


97 


111.6 


24.6 


46.5 


220 


582 


1554 


161 3 


48.7 


71 8 


1.297 6 


2088 


107 




J 


8466 


128 


678 


9.9 


121.9 


50.2 


648 


101 


60 6 


131.0 


1655 


46.7 


92.1 


1.279 2 


2043 


17.0 




J 


735.1 


11.0 


34.1 


9.9 


128.2 


12.0 


555 


8.5 


543 


142.3 


1459 


463 


72.6 


1.166 1 


2003 


70 




A 


770.4 


10.7 


456 


7.7 


128.1 


31 6 


58.7 


7.1 


638 


140 4 


140 1 


424 


76.7 


1.352 8 


2367 


17.2 




S 


6830 


8.3 


17.1 


5.5 


118.6 


23.1 


336 


3.5 


493 


141.2 


1473 


398 


820 


1.224 8 


2343 


12 4 




O 


750.7 


98 


19.7 


83 


128 9 


230 


353 


39 


73.1 


151.1 


158.3 


41.8 


825 


1.377 4 


2294 


12.7 




N 


708 5 


7.1 


380 


72 


1072 


125 


234 


5.2 


47.7 


1402 


2008 


31.5 


763 


1.183 7 


172 1 


100 




D 


8080 


11.7 


39.3 


13.2 


123.5 


18.0 


32.9 


09 


58.2 


154.3 


205 8 


73.4 


604 


1.351 


198 8 


163 


1978 


J 


692.9 


135 


31.2 


7.1 


3.3 


262 


458 


05 


468 


163.5 


2129 


35 3 


923 


1.276 5 


208 1 


17 3 




F 


724.5 


290 


390 


8.7 


4 1 


496 


58 1 


4.7 


569 


137.0 


2059 


41.0 


71 7 


1.5155 


240 4 


136 




M 


6359 


208 


248 


11 2 


5.8 


15.2 


36.7 


32.3 


47.8 


131.1 


184 


42 3 


662 


1.494 2 


2277 


18.1 




A 


709.1 


22.9 


339 


10.3 


38 


245 


365 


372 


484 


132.8 


2009 


476 


92 1 


1.7873 


309 2 


227 




M 


703.6 


20.2 


45.2 


92 


4.1 


374 


426 


16.5 


719 


111.1 


192.3 


41.0 


98.1 


1.743.0 


2872 


17 4 



Note See footnotes at end of Table 



116 



July 1978 Section 11 -Table 3/Concluded 

Table 3: Merchandise exports, by commodity, based on the standard commodity classification! (million dollars)/concluded 



















Domestic 


export s2 






























Fabricatec 


materials, 


inedible 






















Other 


Textile 




Ferti- 


Syrj- 
thetic- 


Primary 


Steel 


Other 




Non-ferrous 


metals anc 


I alloys 




End 




Wood 


News- 
print 


paper 
and 


fabri- 
cated 


Chem- 


lizers 
and 


rubber 
and 


iron 
and 


plate 
and 


iron 












products 


Year 


and 


Alum- 










inedible. 


and 


pulp 


paper 


board 


mats. 


icals 


mats. 


plastics 


steel 


sheet 


steel 


inum 


Copper 


Nickel 


Zinc 


Other 


total 


month 


(42) 


(43) 


(44) 


(45-48) 


(49,50) 


(51) 


(52) 


(55) 


(56) 


(57) 


(58) 


(59) 


(60) 


(61) 


(62) 


(64) 


D 


3631 


3632 


3633 


3634 


3635 


3636 


3637 


3638 


3639 


3640 


3641 


3642 


3643 


3644 


3645 


3646 


1976 


2,181.1 


2.001.1 


339.9 


101.2 


585.6 


547.2 


183.3 


93.6 


223.5 


523.7 


467.2 


525.9 


444.3 


2748 


437.7 


12,708.0 


1977 


2,156.0 


2,381.3 


427.7 


111.0 


764.6 


6590 


246.0 


141.1 


3028 


6026 


769.4 


522.0 


436.9 


228.3 


538.6 


15,117.2 


1976 J 


204.5 


185.2 


37.1 


8.3 


53.6 


277 


16.2 


157 


23.5 


54.5 


34.9 


39.1 


48.6 


30.6 


33.4 


1,226.1 


J 


173.0 


171.2 


25.2 


7.4 


54.9 


37.3 


14.7 


11.2 


17.0 


35.6 


41.5 


44.1 


25.5 


18.0 


35.1 


893.8 


A 


223.4 


209.4 


27.3 


6.3 


54.0 


42.5 


16.7 


80 


29.7 


39.4 


28.6 


47.3 


35.3 


283 


47.7 


867.1 


S 


181.3 


182.7 


29.8 


7.5 


53.3 


46.7 


13.6 


15.9 


13.5 


46.1 


28.4 


46.1 


41.6 


27.1 


29.2 


1,102.0 


O 


178.6 


181.3 


31.6 


7.9 


55.7 


55.8 


15.1 


12.5 


26.3 


37.0 


34.5 


48.7 


45.1 


21.6 


40.4 


970.7 


N 


186.7 


196.1 


39.3 


10.5 


52.9 


39.7 


16.7 


5.3 


19.6 


44.1 


41.2 


43.2 


43.1 


17.6 


37.0 


1,158.9 


D 


172.3 


179.1 


21.9 


8.6 


473 


39.7 


15.1 


1.3 


16.1 


41.6 


25.4 


39.9 


45.0 


15.5 


45.5 


1,229.6 


1977 J 


160.2 


166.8 


30.8 


7.1 


51.3 


507 


167 


23.6 


17.8 


42.3 


58.3 


44.7 


33.5 


18.1 


37.6 


1,021.6 


F 


190.9 


159.3 


226 


94 


48.4 


53.3 


22.0 


4.6 


19.9 


44.1 


48.6 


37.4 


20.8 


19.5 


49.6 


1,194.8 


M 


195.4 


197.7 


43.9 


11.7 


58.2 


73.5 


24.0 


9.1 


24.8 


50.7 


88.3 


54.2 


29.6 


28.0 


42.1 


1,461.4 


A 


185.8 


199.2 


39.0 


7.9 


59.4 


71.9 


16.9 


17.7 


23.8 


48.9 


50.2 


35.1 


346 


34.0 


29.1 


1,269 3 


M 


195.8 


192.9 


31.8 


12.3 


59.6 


61.0 


25.1 


14.8 


27.8 


59.8 


71.8 


444 


44.7 


20.9 


47.3 


1,405.3 


J 


201.6 


199.5 


31.0 


8.8 


59.1 


38.8 


20.3 


4.5 


30.7 


55.0 


61.7 


44.0 


50.4 


16.9 


46.1 


1,425.7 


J 


174.9 


181.0 


32.2 


9.7 


58.1 


49.7 


20.1 


63 


249 


398 


78.1 


50.7 


31.1 


127 


33.6 


1,145.2 


A 


199.0 


225.6 


39.7 


84 


62.4 


58.2 


21.4 


8.4 


27.0 


48.4 


68.5 


408 


27.2 


16.6 


57.9 


875.1 


S 


136.9 


182.0 


399 


7.9 


72.7 


61.1 


19.9 


11.1 


33.1 


46.9 


54.3 


36.5 


37.6 


15.0 


408 


1,161.4 


O 


195.8 


244.1 


34.3 


99 


809 


47.6 


21.3 


14.6 


26.3 


52.5 


80.6 


58.1 


27.7 


16.7 


44.5 


1,411.8 


N 


150.2 


207.9 


32.5 


8.1 


78.3 


49.8 


17.5 


12.6 


23.2 


54.0 


58.1 


33.5 


45.1 


12.6 


47.6 


1,369.8 


D 


169.7 


225.3 


50.1 


9.7 


76.2 


43.5 


20.7 


140 


23.4 


60.1 


50.8 


42.7 


54.6 


17.4 


62.4 


1.375.8 


1978 J 


147.3 


202.0 


34.3 


8.4 


45.9 


44.8 


21 .6 


13 4 


24.4 


49.3 


73.5 


40 .1 


71.0 


17.3 


35.9 


1,151.6 


F 


173.5 


206.9 


44.2 


12.6 


64.7 


74.6 


25.7 


3.7 


33.2 


71.8 


87.3 


69.7 


76.1 


15.7 


60.7 


1,390.8 


M 


165.7 


241.7 


45.6 


11.8 


890 


69.9 


23.3 


12.0 


30.5 


67.8 


100 5 


42.6 


58.7 


18.0 


48.5 


1,510.3 


A 


177.2 


263.7 


46.0 


14.7 


126.6 


72.7 


35.8 


11.2 


37.7 


84.2 


112.3 


48.8 


76.1 


27.9 


74.6 


1,605.1 


M 


189.6 


273.8 


41.5 


12.3 


129.1 


70.8 


30.0 


17.6 


35.5 


72.7 


119.9 


52.2 


88.1 


34.2 


55.5 


1,528.4 


















Domestic 


exports? 






























End product 


s. inedible 






























Transporlatior 


i and communications 


equipment 
















Machinery 




















































Aircraft 


Com- 
munic. 


Other 


Personal 










Con- 


Drilling. 












veying, excavating 






Total 


Road 


Motor 


Motor 




engines 


and 


equip 


and 


Misc. 


Year 




General 


mats 


and 






motor 


motor 


vehicle 


vehicle 




and 


related 


and 


h'hold 


end 


and 


Total 


purpose 


handling 


mining 


Farm 


Total 


vehicles 


vehicles 


engines 


parts 


Aircraft 


parts 


equip 


tools 


goods 


prod. 


month 


(65) 


(66) 


(67) 


(68-72)4 


(73)4 


(76) 


(78-80) 


(78) 


(79) 


(80) 


(81) 


(82) 


(83) 


(84) 


(89) 


(91) 


D 


3647 


3648 


3649 


3650 


3651 


3652 


3653 


3654 


3655 


3656 


3657 


3658 


3659 


3660 


3661 


3662 


1976 


1,430.8 


257.2 


138.0 


120.3 


539.8 


9,624.9 


8,223.8 


5,257.6 


776.7 


2,189.5 


79.4 


374.1 


3964 


836.1 


248.1 


568.1 


1977 


1,723.2 


326.9 


171.3 


181.4 


5589 


11,629 3 


10,339.0 


6,7204 


9449 


2,673.7 


66.7 


419.0 


4050 


932.7 


297.7 


534.3 


1976 J 


133.5 


28.0 


11.5 


10.0 


51.6 


9404 


802 1 


515.4 


676 


219.1 


11.5 


33.9 


36.2 


77.1 


220 


53.0 


J 


109.8 


18.3 


96 


9.2 


39.2 


644.5 


507.1 


313.8 


44.4 


148.8 


8.7 


32.8 


34.0 


65.3 


23.3 


51.0 


A 


106.1 


15.7 


99 


10.8 


39.3 


6275 


5392 


308.6 


61.8 


168.9 


2.6 


17.5 


27.4 


63.1 


21.5 


48.8 


S 


101.7 


17.6 


12.1 


8.6 


369 


8683 


741.0 


4763 


699 


194.7 


5.6 


31.7 


31.0 


66.2 


27.0 


38.7 





111.9 


20.7 


11.6 


11.1 


35.5 


718.1 


6069 


3683 


602 


178.5 


4.1 


29.8 


28.7 


73.7 


25.0 


42.0 


N 


118.1 


24.8 


142 


11.6 


36.9 


8880 


779.3 


4920 


84.2 


203.0 


7.8 


33.4 


36.4 


82.7 


24.9 


45.3 


D 


142.6 


29.6 


13.9 


13.6 


496 


9292 


789.1 


512.3 


86.2 


190 5 


8.1 


36.0 


34.8 


86.4 


20.6 


50.9 


1977 J 


107 6 


21.9 


108 


11.9 


350 


808.1 


736.0 


484 2 


735 


178.3 


6.3 


21 4 


25.0 


59.2 


12.1 


34.7 


F 


137.9 


33.4 


120 


10.0 


48.9 


921.1 


820.5 


5355 


88.7 


196.3 


0.2 


326 


29.3 


73.5 


16.6 


45.8 


M 


182.2 


23.4 


19.3 


31.6 


63.6 


1,130.9 


9883 


6624 


887 


237.2 


33 


36.4 


35.8 


840 


22.1 


42.1 


A 


145.5 


22.3 


13.3 


13.7 


58.7 


9907 


893.5 


601.2 


79.4 


2129 


1.8 


40.0 


30.7 


72.1 


23.8 


37.2 


M 


171.5 


26.0 


16.1 


15.6 


669 


1,072.0 


9326 


612.2 


83.7 


236.7 


24.7 


35.4 


33.3 


87.2 


23.8 


50.7 


J 


149.2 


27.4 


14.7 


14.6 


50.5 


1,122.9 


1,011.1 


684.7 


84.4 


242.0 


10.1 


40.5 


30.0 


78.0 


27.5 


48.1 


J 


144.1 


31.4 


13.4 


14.0 


39.5 


861.7 


7639 


502.7 


72.6 


188 6 


4.2 


37.2 


34.9 


74.9 


26.4 


38.1 


A 


144.7 


28.1 


13.5 


24.5 


36.1 


591.6 


506.0 


244.3 


62.3 


199.3 


22 


25.0 


293 


67.7 


28.0 


43.2 


S 


121.2 


35.0 


11.1 


123 


30.8 


8960 


799.6 


4993 


71 4 


2289 


3.8 


35.9 


328 


70.4 


308 


43.0 





157.9 


25.0 


176 


14.3 


54.1 


1,083.5 


956.0 


602 7 


86.3 


267.0 


22 


41.8 


38.5 


88.5 


33.0 


488 


N 


110.6 


20.1 


12.3 


7.8 


34.5 


1,117.2 


1,023 4 


687.6 


88.1 


247.7 


5.6 


31.9 


36.7 


78.1 


25.6 


38.3 


D 


150.7 


32.9 


17.2 


11.1 


40.2 


1,033.5 


908.2 


603.7 


65.8 


2387 


2.2 


40.9 


48.6 


99.1 


28.2 


64 1 


1978 J 


114.5 


29.8 


12.1 


9.8 


25.2 


911.2 


828.6 


5298 


85.4 


213.4 


2.2 


30.9 


31.2 


68.9 


17.4 


39.6 


F 


170.6 


35.6 


17.2 


12.5 


53.8 


1,045.9 


918.5 


599.1 


78.3 


241.0 


5.7 


41.7 


52.0 


96.2 


24.5 


53.5 


M 


193.2 


35.2 


16.8 


46.3 


45.7 


1,139.0 


999.1 


669.7 


89.9 


2396 


1.6 


42.9 


35.2 


95.2 


25.6 


57.3 


A 


197.2 


48.2 


19.5 


13.7 


58.9 


1,207.7 


1,073.5 


676.8 


101.2 


295.5 


2.9 


44.5 


47.8 


111.1 


29.1 


60.0 


M 


210.7 


31.5 


19.1 


17 4 


81.3 


1,125.9 


987.9 


6060 


92.0 


2900 


4.1 


47.1 


48.2 


98.8 


30.6 


62.5 



'Column numbers refer to tables 3 and 4 section 11. 2|ncludes special transaction-trade, not shown separately 3The annual index, being calculated separately, will differ 
slightly from the index obtained by the average of the twelve months. *Revisions made to ensure consistent coverage The most important are: Farm machinery (73) now 
includes tractors, Drilling, excavating and mining (68-72) now exclude metalworking, woodworking machinery, etc 
Source: Exports by Commodities (65-004), Statistics Canada. 



117 



Section 11 -Table 4 

Table 4: Merchandise imports, by commodity, based on the standard commodity classification! (million dollars) 



July 1978 















Fooc 


, teed, beverages and tobacco 


















(1971 = 


■ 100) 






















Crude mater 


















Fruits 


Veget- 




















Index of 




Live 




Meat 






ables 




Coffee. 








Other 


Iron 


Year 


Index ot 


physical 


Imports 


animals 


and meat 




Other & 


and 


Raw 


cocoa 




Oil- 




textile ores and 


and 


prices? 


volume? 


total3 


total 


Total 


preps. 


Fresh 


preps 


preps. 


sugar 


and tea 


Total 


seeds 


Cotton 


fibres 


cone 4 


month 


(1) 


(2) 


(3) 


(6) 


(7) 


(8) 


(14) 


(15) 


(16) 


(17) 


(18) 


(22) 


(24) 


(26) 


(27) 


(28) 


D 


3803 


3804 


3729 


3730 


3731 


3732 


3733 


3734 


3735 


3736 


3737 


3738 


3739 


3740 


3741 


3742 


1976 


157.5 


152.2 


37,444.4 


108.6 


2,762.4 


363.7 


310.4 


184.1 


317.7 


248.6 


341.5 


5,091.1 


131.0 


72.1 


106.2 


129.8 


1977 






42,156.0 


52.2 


3,255.6 


314.1 


350.1 


232.0 


393.4 


219.9 


605.8 


5,305.8 


147.1 


82.4 


98.3 


106.0 


1976 J 


160.0 


172.2 


3,585.7 


95 


269.7 


349 


35.2 


18.6 


36.8 


24.2 


33.7 


608.5 


15.2 


8.5 


9.2 


18.4 


J 


160.3 


140.2 


2,9246 


4.1 


240.3 


31.4 


34.0 


14.7 


29.8 


17.7 


24.3 


450.7 


6.7 


4.5 


6.5 


12.8 


A 


159.9 


138.3 


2,877.4 


6.8 


2340 


36.5 


29.5 


12.8 


17.0 


23.3 


31.7 


418.9 


7.4 


4.2 


7.8 


16.5 


S 


154.0 


146.6 


2,938.5 


94 


234.0 


33.5 


26.4 


15.2 


15.5 


23.5 


298 


3226 


15.8 


7.7 


9.2 


17.0 


O 


155.6 


146.7 


2,969.7 


10.6 


259.8 


28.6 


39.5 


20.6 


21.1 


29.4 


28.9 


344.7 


8.4 


6.3 


7.9 


9.5 


N 


157.3 


170.9 


3,496.6 


8.7 


262.1 


33.5 


24.0 


19.3 


28.4 


13.2 


41.3 


431.9 


13.5 


7.2 


8.8 


8.9 


D 


159.5 


148.2 


3,076.2 


4.4 


246.3 


27.0 


25.7 


18.0 


27.5 


22.7 


36.8 


339.9 


19.1 


5.8 


7.7 


11.5 


1977 J 


168.8 


137.0 


3,019.2 


3.5 


224.0 


20.0 


15.5 


13.5 


30.1 


22.6 


46.6 


4369 


13.7 


8.4 


8.6 


8.0 


F 


166.5 


147.1 


3,197.4 


2.9 


227.7 


27.1 


17.5 


18.5 


33.6 


12.8 


49.0 


3406 


3.7 


9.5 


8.8 


2.1 


M 


171.1 


168.1 


3,755.1 


3.3 


280.1 


25.8 


22.9 


19.1 


40.1 


4.9 


81.1 


386.3 


5.1 


7.6 


9.2 


4.3 


A 


173.0 


157.5 


3,557.4 


7.5 


251.4 


24.7 


22.8 


18.3 


39.8 


11.9 


51.3 


4446 


9.6 


6.4 


8.4 


9.1 


M 


173.6 


175.3 


3,970.6 


6.7 


307.5 


29.9 


269 


18.0 


47.1 


24.3 


59.6 


488.7 


25.8 


9.0 


8.8 


18.5 


J 


174.9 


172.0 


3,9269 


3.6 


317.4 


28.2 


41.8 


20.6 


46.7 


20.2 


51.6 


508.0 


21.6 


6.3 


8.8 


- 14.8 


J 


180.3 


138.3 


3,250.9 


3.0 


262.8 


24.8 


35.1 


15.8 


350 


19.9 


44.2 


467.3 


17.6 


3.2 


6.2 


16.6 


A 


185.6 


139.7 


3,373.0 


3.7 


277.9 


27.6 


370 


208 


23.2 


14.5 


43.1 


5335 


14.2 


5.0 


9.3 


10.2 


S 


178.6 


141.2 


3,2860 


5.6 


251 9 


28.8 


26.8 


22.7 


16.0 


22.5 


39.0 


401 6 


12.1 


7.0 


8.7 


4.6 


O 


182.4 


156.3 


3,710.1 


4.2 


295.9 


25.8 


46.8 


21.7 


23.2 


15.9 


47.9 


452.2 


8.0 


5.8 


7.5 


5.5 


N 


184.0 


150.8 


3,619.0 


4.9 


270 1 


24.3 


23.2 


22.2 


27.3 


18.5 


41.4 


3843 


9.3 


7.4 


6.9 


8.0 


D 


187.0 


143.4 


3,490.2 


3.3 


288.6 


27.2 


33.7 


20.8 


31 4 


31.9 


51.0 


461.7 


6.4 


6.9 


6.8 


4.5 


1978 J 


192.4 


126.1 


3,188.3 


2.3 


240.6 


23.1 


18.4 


18.5 


30.1 


20.0 


48.2 


4506 


17.2 


7.8 


7.5 


6.7 


F 


194 


153.1 


3,9040 


2.8 


2838 


28.9 


25.9 


21.1 


37.9 


202 


56.7 


5065 


5.5 


6.3 


94 


3.3 


M 


188.6 


142.6 


3,5342 


30 


234.9 


20.1 


23.3 


22.6 


34.0 


- 


59.2 


2960 


5.4 


6.3 


9.4 


1.9 


A 






4,685.7 


63 


3349 


22.8 


32.8 


29.3 


49.1 


14.7 


656 


431.8 


78 


8.6 


11.0 


15.0 


M 






4,401 


65 


310.7 


21.3 


33.8 


25.3 


55.5 


14.8 


57.3 


5436 


13.1 


7.8 


9.0 


19.4 




















Fabricated 


materials 


inedible 














Crude materials. 


nedible 


































Yarn, 


Cotton 


Other 




Chemicals 


Plas- 






Steel 


Primary. 




Muminum 








Paper 


thread 


broad 


broad 


Other 






tics & 




Other 


plate 


other 


Year 


ores and 




Crude 




and 


and 


woven 


woven 


textile 


Inor- 




synth 




petrol 


and 


iron 


and 


cone. 3 


Coal 


petroleum 


Total 


board 


cordage 


fabrics 


fabrics 


mats 


ganic 


Organic 


rubber 


Fuel oil 


prod 


sheet 


& steel 


month 


(29) 


(34) 


(35) 


(39) 


(44)5 


(45) 


(46) 


(47) 


(48) 


(49) 


(50) 


(52) 


(53) 


(54) 


(56) 


(55.57) 


D 


3743 


3744 


3745 


3746 


3747 


3748 


3749 


3750 


3751 


3752 


3753 


3754 


3755 


3756 


3757 


3758 


1976 


155.5 


544.3 


3,280.1 


6,210.9 


330 2 


179.6 


147.3 


273.9 


239.8 


191.1 


413.2 


554.5 


78.8 


140.9 


206.4 


515.6 


1977 


190.9 


617.7 


3.2095 


6.9989 


2862 


2020 


1362 


2956 


2560 


2360 


4935 


6692 


116 5 


1847 


2698 


5996 


1976 J 


19.0 


74.7 


401.2 


567.5 


25.8 


17 3 


15.0 


25.4 


21.9 


193 


32.3 


53.3 


76 


14.9 


20 


59.3 


J 


10.1 


62.0 


301.7 


5028 


19 8 


13.2 


11.2 


203 


17.8 


13.6 


33.2 


45.3 


8.0 


10.2 


13.1 


474 


A 


21.6 


43.8 


269 .1 


5075 


22.4 


13.2 


11.3 


202 


19.1 


15.7 


346 


457 


12.2 


13 


205 


35.3 


S 


10.8 


43.1 


171.4 


4840 


21 8 


12.7 


11.2 


21 1 


186 


14.3 


29.3 


44.7 


3.5 


9.9 


19.2 


35.0 





13.3 


56.6 


190 4 


501.9 


20.5 


13.7 


11.9 


22.3 


19.4 


15.0 


30.6 


475 


16.2 


13.1 


16.9 


41.1 


N 


8.3 


648 


261.6 


573.1 


22.1 


13.8 


11.3 


279 


22.3 


16.9 


35 8 


50.3 


86 


17.3 


21.4 


62 .1 


D 


16.8 


42.2 


173.6 


491.9 


19.8 


12.0 


12.4 


226 


17.5 


17 4 


36.5 


43.2 


2 1 


107 


15.3 


43.7 


1977 J 


12.8 


25.2 


2882 


474.6 


21.1 


14.9 


11.7 


22.0 


18.6 


15.5 


34.9 


44.2 


47 


13.0 


17 5 


38.2 


F 


11.3 


5.3 


2275 


4988 


22.2 


15.6 


123 


22.3 


184 


15.7 


43.0 


484 


49 


6.8 


21.5 


35.1 


M 


3.3 


2.3 


2865 


644 8 


288 


17.0 


13 .1 


26.4 


23.4 


288 


439 


68 8 


6.7 


11.0 


19.3 


487 


A 


20.7 


21.9 


285.5 


5462 


22.6 


15.2 


12 6 


23.3 


21 


182 


404 


53.1 


3.8 


104 


18.4 


41.1 


M 


22.3 


87.7 


257.3 


695.2 


26 .1 


22.4 


139 


30.7 


23.7 


21.9 


466 


666 


9.4 


16.5 


284 


730 


J 


13.0 


91.0 


257.1 


628.5 


258 


17.5 


12.5 


25.8 


22.4 


208 


434 


609 


14 8 


16.2 


21.7 


53.7 


J 


13.5 


77.0 


2627 


514.7 


20.7 


142 


9.4 


20.5 


18.1 


16.2 


363 


48.1 


5.1 


14.7 


189 


42.9 


A 


23.1 


57.6 


358 1 


6196 


239 


198 


10.7 


248 


22.9 


239 


356 


578 


20.4 


22.0 


249 


562 


S 


22.2 


62.1 


229 1 


562 1 


23 1 


16.3 


10.6 


232 


21 7 


177 


41 2 


562 


135 


16 6 


19 4 


44 .1 


O 


14.8 


91.7 


233 1 


6186 


24.3 


17.8 


10.0 


25.6 


24.1 


21 


41.3 


565 


7.1 


254 


24 4 


55.3 


N 


16.0 


56.9 


2190 


6072 


23.3 


15.5 


10.2 


25.9 


19.6 


17.8 


458 


553 


14.6 


17 2 


275 


55.2 


D 


17.9 


38.9 


305.4 


588.7 


24.4 


16.0 


9.3 


25 .1 


22.1 


186 


41 .1 


53.3 


11.6 


14.9 


27.9 


56 1 


1978 J 


19.5 


14.7 


320.9 


529.4 


22.6 


17.5 


1 1.2 


259 


21.5 


18.0 


42.3 


51 .7 


151 


15.5 


21.7 


40.0 


F 


21.5 


0.6 


3624 


6569 


275 


21.7 


13.0 


25.5 


259 


18.6 


546 


67 


74 


12 


302 


46 6 


M 


9.7 


0.4 


201.3 


6502 


27.4 


21.1 


11.7 


25.5 


238 


20.2 


59 .1 


650 


34 


15 1 


21 7 


51.8 


A 


34.2 


13.5 


2408 


8233 


31.6 


260 


14.4 


39.5 


288 


246 


71 2 


833 


29 


15.4 


26 7 


633 


M 


17.0 


80.3 


313.0 


741.6 


30.4 


22.0 


10.8 


32.9 


242 


25.2 


549 


630 


154 


25.2 


27.8 


630 



Note: See footnotes at end of Table 



118 



July 1978 Section 11 -Table 4/Concluded 

Table 4: Merchandise imports, by commodity, based on the standard commodity classification! (million dollars)/concluded 



















End products, 


inedible 




























Machinery 


















Fabricated 
































materials, 










. 








Mecha- 








Transp 


and 




inedible 


















nical 








communications 
























power 








equipment 






Metal 










Drilling 


Machine 






trans- 






Tractor 








Non- 


fab. 










and 


tools 


Other 




mission 






engines 




Motor 


Year 


ferrous 


basic 






General 


Mats 


exca- 


metal 


metal 


Textile 


equip- 






and 




vehic. 


and 


metals 


prod. 


Total 


Total 


purp 


handling 


vating 


working 


working 


ind 


ment 


Farm 


Tractors 


parts 


Total 


& parts 


month 


(58-62) 


(63) 


(64) 


(65) 


66)5 


(67) 


(68)5 


(69) 


(70) 


(71) 


(72)5 


(73) 


(74) 


(75) 


(76) 


(78-80) 


D 


3759 


3760 


3761 


3762 


3763 


3764 


3765 


3766 


3767 


3768 


3769 


3770 


3771 


3772 


3773 


3774 


1976 


493.5 


634.6 


22.776 1 


4,530.0 


807.5 


306.8 


807.0 


145.6 


178.9 


85.7 


192.1 


484.3 


570.3 


263 3 


11,451.4 


9,399.8 


1977 


531.1 


735.0 


26,122.2 


4,827.7 


863.7 


3398 


7906 


169.4 


222.4 


90.8 


225.8 


531.3 


5492 


254.5 


13,747.5 


11,396.2 


1976 J 


37.8 


58.0 


2,084.3 


427.2 


70.3 


31.5 


73.3 


13.4 


16.6 


6.5 


16.6 


48.8 


55.5 


25.4 


1,055.8 


872.4 


J 


61.9 


51.1 


1,684.7 


373.4 


64.0 


26.8 


66.5 


10.7 


15.3 


6.2 


15.4 


40.9 


47.8 


21.2 


7484 


594.7 


A 


43.7 


50.2 


1,669 2 


330.6 


55.7 


25.0 


49.8 


110 


13.8 


6.8 


15.3 


40.4 


35.1 


21.3 


747.2 


581.0 


S 


41.9 


51.7 


1,851.7 


313.6 


55.6 


24.7 


50.0 


8.9 


13.1 


5.4 


15.3 


30.4 


37.1 


20.4 


951.6 


786.7 





37.7 


50.8 


1,808 8 


347.0 


63.7 


23.5 


55.3 


11.4 


14.2 


7.5 


16.9 


32.0 


44.3 


21.1 


874 8 


699 5 


N 


49.2 


564 


2,177.5 


406.6 


85.6 


28.6 


68.4 


16.7 


14.6 


6.9 


16.7 


357 


51.0 


23.7 


1,140.0 


953.2 


D 


49.8 


49.0 


1,956 9 


350.9 


60.3 


25.6 


63.3 


12.9 


14.1 


8.1 


15.7 


31.7 


49.5 


20.0 


1,047.1 


867.7 


1977 J 


33.4 


49.8 


1,847 


367.0 


58.0 


23.4 


58.7 


11.5 


20 1 


79 


16.2 


38.7 


53.5 


19.5 


928.4 


7554 


F 


31.4 


53.6 


2,092.9 


410.7 


69.7 


24.8 


85.4 


110 


16.6 


6.2 


18 2 


463 


51.5 


21.3 


1,103.6 


9194 


M 


42.6 


78.2 


2,4063 


449.2 


78.7 


31.1 


70.2 


15.7 


21.2 


8.5 


21.1 


55.0 


573 


25.9 


1,251.7 


1.040.7 


A 


39.2 


61.3 


2,275.2 


422.1 


72.1 


29.1 


75.7 


13.9 


16.0 


64 


18.2 


528 


50.7 


22.3 


1,275.8 


1,094 8 


M 


44.4 


69.1 


2,4298 


463.1 


76.6 


31.1 


72.6 


16.7 


186 


7.5 


22.6 


580 


57.4 


25.3 


1,308.1 


1,085 3 


J 


50.7 


66.1 


2,429.7 


444.3 


82.7 


30.3 


66.3 


21.7 


19.6 


7.5 


19.6 


502 


53.2 


21.4 


1,322.1 


1,108.3 


J 


41.9 


53.7 


1,968 


386.1 


61.3 


246 


76.7 


12.6 


18.1 


5.9 


17.0 


43.2 


42.2 


17.2 


978.0 


8065 


A 


41.1 


62.7 


1,905.4 


385.0 


75.5 


23.7 


54.4 


13.1 


207 


9.3 


18.3 


45.7 


32.8 


20.2 


8246 


6267 


S 


39.5 


58.6 


2,035.2 


349.7 


67.4 


24.4 


52.7 


12.4 


17.9 


6.7 


17 8 


36.1 


31.9 


19.2 


1,051.3 


857.1 


O 


53.1 


63.4 


2,307.2 


3995 


74.7 


30.4 


603 


14.6 


19.2 


9.6 


19.6 


39.6 


378 


21.9 


1,257 


1,050.2 


N 


55.6 


60.0 


2,316.5 


373.4 


65.9 


41.2 


56.6 


13.6 


16.1 


80 


19.2 


32.1 


38.6 


20.3 


1,336.9 


1.140.0 


D 


58.1 


58.5 


2,109 1 


377.6 


80.9 


25.7 


60.9 


12.5 


18.2 


7.3 


18.0 


33.7 


42.4 


20.0 


1,110.0 


911.8 


1978 J 


38.1 


54.2 


1,938 4 


348.2 


66.8 


26.2 


52.1 


16.3 


15.6 


7.5 


18.2 


30 3 


35.0 


17.7 


1,013.2 


839.0 


F 


586 


70.5 


2,422.7 


452.0 


76.0 


31.8 


82.7 


16.7 


18.4 


9.4 


25.4 


47.1 


42.1 


25.0 


1,285 1 


1.057.1 


M 


52.0 


67.8 


2,318.7 


425.0 


81.8 


29.5 


65.3 


12.4 


21.3 


10.3 


22.6 


46.4 


44.8 


21.1 


1,231.7 


1,008.8 


A 


65.8 


86.1 


3,0382 


580.1 


103.7 


36.4 


93.4 


17.7 


23.1 


10.6 


293 


689 


72.0 


26.9 


1,603.0 


1,318.5 


M 


52.8 


75.4 


2,591.9 


535.6 


889 


383 


90.5 


22.9 


23.3 


10 


25.3 


69.5 


62.8 


23.1 


1,343.3 


1,111.5 
















End products, inedible 






























Other equipment and tools 


















Transo 












Pers 


and 


Miscell, 


end products 
















Air 


Electric 


Meas 




h'hold 


goods 












Road 


Motor 


Motor 


Aircraft 


Com- 




Cond 


light 


control 








Books 


Other 




Year 


motor 


vehic 


vehic 


and 


mumc 




and 


and 


and 


Office 


Apparel & 




and 


printed 


Photo 


and 


vehic 


engines 


parts 


parts 


& related 


Total 


refrig 


distrib 


scient machines 


Total 


access 


Total 


pamph 


mat. 


goods 


month 


(78) 


(79) 


(80) 


(81-82) 


(83) 


(84) 


(85) 


(86) 


(87) 


(88) 


(89) 


(90) 


(91) 


(92) 


(93) 


(94) 


D 


3775 


3776 


3777 


3778 


3779 


3780 


3781 


3782 


3783 


3784 


3785 


3786 


3787 


3788 


3789 


3790 



1976 
1977 



3,975.5 968.9 4,455.3 406 1,092.2 3,050 5 194 1 510.0 520 7 736 1,899.1 955 5 1.845.2 222.1 255 5 391.6 
4,701.7 1,236.4 5,458.1 439.3 1,251.9 3,407 8 202.2 587.5 6114 804.0 1,948.9 902.5 2,190.3 247.5 309 2 489 5 



1976 J 


386.6 


92.2 


3936 


43.5 


91.3 


270.1 


20.2 


47.8 


44.9 


650 


169.3 


833 


161 8 


21.3 


21.4 


34.7 


J 


271.4 


65.9 


257.3 


31.0 


84.5 


2366 


17.3 


38.4 


41.1 


56.0 


174.0 


959 


152.3 


20.7 


19.8 


32.5 


A 


227.0 


62.8 


291.3 


28.7 


102.0 


254.8 


13.0 


38.4 


43.4 


72.9 


1873 


99.8 


149.2 


19.0 


21.4 


29.7 


S 


294.8 


82.4 


409.5 


24.4 


105.9 


2499 


12.3 


41.4 


40.4 


64.4 


179.5 


895 


157.0 


189 


21.8 


35.3 


O 


335.3 


61.6 


3026 


31.9 


1085 


261.1 


15.3 


42.1 


42.3 


63.3 


163.0 


77.2 


163 


18.5 


22.7 


33.2 


N 


433.8 


100.5 


418.9 


28.6 


113.8 


2879 


14.7 


453 


50.1 


69.1 


162.6 


70.1 


180.3 


18.6 


229 


42.8 


D 


3620 


85.8 


4199 


41.2 


96.4 


259.2 


13.2 


41.5 


48.9 


64.7 


1495 


67.5 


150.2 


15.6 


20.3 


31.6 


1977 J 


274.8 


86.2 


3944 


32.6 


88.1 


255.5 


16.2 


41 .6 


46.6 


64.2 


1485 


76.6 


1476 


15.9 


21.4 


30.0 


F 


377.7 


97.3 


4444 


32.7 


879 


261 2 


19 2 


399 


45.8 


629 


167.0 


89 1 


150.4 


16.2 


21 9 


30.0 


M 


4573 


109.2 


4742 


37.8 


103.0 


329.2 


24.0 


50.2 


596 


82.7 


181.7 


877 


194.5 


22.3 


27.6 


388 


A 


473.2 


107.3 


514.2 


34.0 


87.7 


269.5 


18.1 


48.5 


47.9 


590 


138.3 


595 


169.5 


19.5 


21.1 


39.6 


M 


480.3 


106.4 


4986 


47.0 


101.1 


3008 


22.2 


50.6 


53.6 


65.7 


158.4 


66.3 


199.3 


21.9 


23.8 


45.2 


J 


418.4 


119.0 


5709 


37.7 


113.5 


297.4 


18.8 


55.5 


54.7 


67.6 


169.5 


769 


196 5 


21.1 


34.6 


42.5 


J 


326.4 


91.4 


388 7 


32.0 


95.6 


257.9 


14.2 


48.3 


48.5 


57.6 


174.1 


89.2 


172.0 


21.2 


23.0 


42.7 


A 


2708 


72.2 


283.7 


32.8 


116.6 


2883 


15.0 


509 


51.5 


67.6 


204.9 


101.2 


202.6 


24.9 


29.8 


41.8 


S 


353.6 


97.2 


4064 


344 


113.7 


285.2 


14.7 


49.8 


49.9 


71.6 


1566 


68.8 


192.4 


225 


25.0 


41.1 


O 


468.4 


111.8 


470.0 


37.6 


119 


290.5 


13.9 


50.5 


52.4 


65.0 


158.5 


62.9 


201.7 


22.7 


28.2 


49.9 


N 


421.1 


133.6 


585.3 


37.5 


115 8 


287.7 


12.7 


52.0 


49.0 


71.2 


137.4 


54.1 


181.1 


208 


26.6 


42.6 


D 


379.7 


104.8 


4273 


43.1 


110.0 


284.8 


132 


49.8 


51.9 


69.0 


154.0 


70.4 


182.7 


187 


262 


45.3 


1978 J 


312.5 


101.4 


4252 


32.3 


93.1 


271.1 


12.9 


47.3 


50.7 


67.7 


1489 


77.1 


157.0 


17.7 


25.9 


33.1 


F 


417.4 


124.0 


515.7 


53.0 


112.9 


320 1 


17.0 


57.4 


57.6 


75.0 


167.5 


80.5 


198.1 


21.9 


30.1 


42.6 


M 


449.2 


111.9 


447.7 


60.9 


101.8 


321.5 


17.4 


54.0 


63.5 


74.0 


153.7 


69 1 


186.8 


19.9 


31.0 


42.2 


A 


537.6 


155.4 


625.5 


81.1 


133.3 


4223 


24.8 


76.8 


77.4 


999 


199 3 


86.0 


233.6 


25.8 


33.7 


56.5 


M 


514.6 


126.5 


470.3 


50.2 


119.6 


344.8 


25.5 


64.9 


56.9 


73.9 


164.3 


690 


2040 


23.3 


31.6 


53.5 



'Column numbers refer to tables 3 and 4, section 11 ?The annual index, being calculated separately, will differ slightly from the index obtained by the average of the twelve 
months 3|ncludes special transaction-trade, not shown separately "Includes scrap 5Some series such as General purpose machinery have been revised to ensure 
consistent coverage. Other important revisions were Paper and board (44) now excludes woodpulp, Drilling, excavating and mining (68) now include oil and gas field machin- 
ery; Mechanical power transmission equipment (72) now exclude special industry machinery Source: Imports by Commodities (65-007), Statistics Canada. 



119 



Section 1 2 • Transportation 

122 1. Carloadings of Revenue Freight 

123 2. Operating Statistics ot Canadian Railways 

123 3. Operating Statistics of Air Carriers in Canada 

124 4. Operating Statistics of Canadian Pipelines 
124 5. Shipping Traffic 



121 



Section 12-Table 1 

Table 1: Carloadings of revenue freight on Canadian railways' (thousand cars) 



July 1978 

















Farm products 


and food 








Mine products 








Total railway 




























revenue 


freight 


Total 




















Coal, 






loadings (carload 


revenue 
















Other 




sand. 






and non-carload) 


cars 




Other 


Fresh 


Other 






Iron 


metal 




cement 


Year 




(000 tons) 


loaded 




grain 


fruits 


agri- 


Animals 


Prepared 


ore and 


ores and 




and other 


and 








(carload 




and grain 


and vege- 


culture 


and their 


food 


concen- 


concen- 




mine 


month 




unadj 


S.A. 


only) 


Wheat 


products 


tables 


products 


products 


products 


trates 


trates 


Potash 


products 




D 


S324 


5325 


5300 


5301 


5302 


5303 


5304 


5305 


5306 


5307 


5308 


5309 


5310 


1976 




241,262 




3,774.6 


227.9 


197.0 


12.7 


17.5 


20.9 


54.5 


674.4 


187.3 


91.6 


487.5 


1977 




251.112 




3,855.8 


281.0 


163.5 


10.9 


21.1 


17.9 


54.3 


660.1 


210.5 


100.3 


514.2 


1976 


J 


21,448 


19,722 


333.4 


28.1 


182 


0.2 


1.3 


1.3 


4.8 


63.2 


16.3 


4.9 


38.2 




J 


21,519 


20,525 


327.3 


26.9 


19.7 


0.1 


1.4 


1.4 


4.4 


689 


13.1 


7.3 


36.1 




A 


21.835 


20,875 


324.0 


20.4 


15.7 


0.1 


1.3 


1.3 


4.2 


74.4 


10.3 


7.9 


43.8 




S 


22,019 


20,922 


336.9 


18.4 


19.9 


0.1 


1.6 


1.6 


4.6 


70.2 


15.7 


8.4 


43.5 




O 


22,370 


20,572 


342.1 


18.6 


23.2 


0.7 


1.8 


2.5 


5.2 


64.7 


13.0 


8.3 


47.5 




N 


21.576 


20,144 


335.0 


20.2 


22.7 


2.2 


1.6 


2.8 


5.1 


57.9 


15.0 


6.9 


464 




D 


17,917 


20,073 


280.4 


13.8 


11.3 


1.8 


1.4 


1.7 


4.1 


45.2 


13.8 


7.9 


39.4 


1977 


J 


16.960 


20,347 


268.1 


13.5 


8.4 


1.6 


1.5 


1.5 


3.9 


38.6 


16.3 


7.8 


35.0 




F 


17,510 


20,790 


282.5 


20.7 


11.0 


1.3 


1.6 


1.4 


4.5 


33.2 


16.4 


6.9 


37.0 




M 


20,762 


21,397 


329.2 


15.5 


11.6 


1.5 


1.8 


1.5 


4.8 


48.5 


17.9 


10.0 


44.1 




A 


21,109 


21,438 


325.4 


15.8 


12.5 


1.5 


1.7 


1.6 


4.5 


57.7 


19.8 


10.8 


41.5 




M 


22.991 


21,162 


349.7 


28.2 


15.6 


0.9 


1.5 


1.3 


4.6 


66.2 


18.5 


8.5 


- 52.3 




J 


23.340 


21,454 


356.2 


35.3 


16.7 


0.2 


1.6 


1.3 


4.9 


62.7 


18.1 


7.2 


48.8 




J 


21,750 


21,305 


325.2 


31.6 


15.5 


1 


1.7 


1.1 


4.4 


59.4 


193 


8.4 


43.5 




A 


22,664 


21,251 


338.0 


34.7 


10.5 


- 


1.5 


1.2 


4.6 


67.7 


16.5 


10.4 


44.0 




S 


22,188 


21,034 


3337 


29.4 


13.5 


0.1 


1.6 


1.4 


4.8 


61.3 


17.2 


95 


43.0 




O 


22,967 


21,039 


348.5 


23.1 


18.2 


0.8 


3.0 


1.8 


4.8 


658 


17.8 


6.9 


47.5 




N 


21,060 


19,872 


3276 


17.8 


18.9 


1.6 


22 


2.5 


4.6 


52.6 


18.2 


7.6 


438 




D 


17,811 


20,291 


271.7 


15.4 


11.1 


1.3 


1.4 


1.3 


3.9 


46.4 


14.5 


6.3 


33.7 


1978 


J 


18,323 


21,501 


283.1 


13.1 


11.8 


08 


1.7 


1.3 


40 


437 


15.9 


9.2 


35.2 




F 


18,183 


21,544 


284.0 


12.2 


11.6 


1.1 


1.6 


12 


4 1 


36.7 


16.2 


9.2 


38.5 




M 


19,160 


19,857 


310.4 


20.3 


12.3 


1.3 


2.0 


1.4 


4.5 


22.7 


17.3 


11.4 


44.7 




A 


17,572 


18,188 


292 1 


21.1 


13.1 


1.5 


2.0 


14 


44 


11.4 


17.2 


90 


44.5 




M 


18,274 


16,575 


2994 


277 


14.6 


0.7 


1.8 


1.1 


4.1 


12.3 


18.1 


96 


45.6 












Iron 




Manufactures ano 


miscellaneous 




Non 
carloads 








Other 


Motor 








Other 








Forest products 




and steel. 


metals. 


vehicles 








manu- 


(small 
















primary 


primary 


and parts 








factures 


package 


Receipts 


Piggyback 


Year 




Lumber 




Other 


and 


and 


(incl 


Refined 






and 


freight) 


from 


traffic 


and 




and 




torest 


manu- 


manu- 


agri- 


petroleum 


Chemicals 


Paper and 


miscel- 


(000 


U S con- 


(incl. in 


month 




plywood 


Pulpwood 


products 


factured 


factured 


cultural) 


products 


and acids 


paperboard 


laneous 


tons) 


nections 


loadings) 




D 


5311 


5312 


5313 


5314 


5315 


5316 


5317 


5318 


5319 


5320 


5321 


5322 


5323 


1976 




196.7 


213.4 


54.1 


57.4 


29.0 


145.8 


177.8 


74.8 


121.7 


732.4 


1.128 


537.0 


350.7 


1977 




211.4 


2056 


60.9 


56.1 


27.9 


143.9 


180.6 


78.8 


120.8 


736.1 


1,124 


497.5 


378.6 


1976 


J 


16.9 


19.6 


46 


48 


23 


143 


13.4 


6 1 


110 


639 


98 


46.5 


32.1 




J 


17.3 


19.4 


44 


43 


2.1 


9.3 


13.8 


5.7 


105 


61.2 


90 


39.2 


31.2 




A 


15.8 


20.0 


44 


44 


2.2 


94 


135 


5.8 


10.9 


58.2 


77 


408 


27.2 




S 


17.2 


19.5 


4.1 


4.5 


2.7 


111 


12.9 


6.2 


10.2 


64.5 


89 


43.4 


30.4 







17.8 


20.5 


40 


44 


24 


97 


14.5 


65 


11.0 


65.8 


81 


45.7 


324 




N 


17.1 


17.8 


44 


48 


2.0 


123 


15.6 


6.5 


10.5 


63.0 


76 


44.9 


31.4 




D 


15.8 


15.0 


40 


43 


2.0 


11.7 


16.4 


60 


93 


55.5 


68 


41.5 


28.6 


1977 


J 


168 


16.6 


5.5 


44 


2.3 


108 


16.3 


57 


95 


52.1 


78 


388 


27.1 




F 


16.1 


17.1 


5.1 


4.6 


2.3 


11.5 


162 


63 


9.8 


59.5 


91 


41 2 


29 8 




M 


19.5 


18.9 


49 


55 


2.9 


16.3 


16.0 


76 


112 


69.2 


97 


48 


348 




A 


20.0 


16.9 


3.9 


5.3 


2.7 


147 


142 


7.1 


10 


63.2 


117 


43.0 


32.1 




M 


13.3 


17.8 


44 


4.7 


25 


14.8 


14.3 


7.1 


98 


63 4 


119 


47.9 


31.2 




J 


19.6 


185 


58 


4.8 


2.3 


14 7 


14.7 


68 


97 


62.5 


91 


44.9 


31.5 




J 


175 


15.3 


5.2 


4 1 


19 


9.9 


14.2 


63 


9.0 


568 


82 


36.3 


30.0 




A 


18.0 


17.5 


49 


4.9 


2.0 


7.1 


145 


6.4 


10.4 


61 3 


87 


36.5 


308 




S 


18.9 


17.6 


5.5 


49 


23 


105 


138 


6.4 


10.0 


620 


92 


405 


32.0 




O 


19.2 


17 2 


6.4 


4.3 


2.5 


119 


152 


64 


10.7 


650 


91 


454 


340 




N 


17.5 


17.5 


5.6 


4.5 


23 


117 


156 


67 


11.0 


654 


98 


41.2 


346 




D 


15.0 


14.7 


3.7 


4.1 


1.9 


10.0 


156 


6.0 


9.7 


55.7 


81 


338 


30.7 


1978 


J 


18.0 


17 1 


59 


5.0 


20 


10.0 


16.9 


5.9 


11.1 


545 


80 


31 3 


28.6 




F 


15 6 


18.5 


6.0 


5.3 


2.5 


113 


15.1 


6.0 


107 


606 


88 


368 


302 




M 


18.8 


20.0 


6.3 


6.1 


32 


14.2 


146 


74 


126 


693 


95 


47.7 


34.2 




A 


21.3 


20.2 


5.5 


5.1 


2.8 


142 


11.8 


70 


11.9 


667 


82 


45 7 


33.2 




M 


20.3 


19.3 


5.2 


56 


30 


13.5 


12.3 


78 


122 


646 


80 


46.1 


31 2 



'Based on monthly carloadings reported by 24 maior lines carrying more than 99 per cent of railway traffic in Canada 
Source: Railway Carloadings (52-001) monthly. Statistics Canada. 



122 



July 1978 

Table 2: Operating statistics of Canadian railways' 



Section 12-Tables 2 and 3 





Railwj 


y operating revenues 




Railway 


Railway 




Revenue 










operating 
expenses 






passenger- 
miles 


Year 


Total 


Freight 


Passenger 


income 


ton-miles 


month 






Million dollars 






Millions 




D 


4013 


4014 


4015 


4016 


4017 


4019 


4021 


1976 


3,058.3 


2,523.6 


79.6 


2,927.7 


130.9 


132,557 


1,646 


1977 


3,388.3 


2,819.7 


86.7 


3.174.3 


214.0 


137,746 


1,670 


1976 A 


2660 


217.7 


5.4 


257.1 


8.9 


10,644 


106 


M 


234.9 


2088 


6.3 


245.9 


-11.0 


11,634 


129 


J 


258.6 


213.1 


9.2 


255.4 


3.2 


11,492 


199 


J 


248.5 


202.2 


10.6 


245.4 


3.1 


11,437 


181 


A 


246.8 


205.8 


8.8 


230.1 


16.7 


11,219 


189 


S 


267.0 


217.5 


6.0 


246.4 


20.7 


11,449 


135 


O 


266.9 


224.8 


5.1 


247.1 


19.8 


12,290 


117 


N 


277.2 


230.0 


5.2 


251.6 


25.6 


11,698 


117 


D 


264.4 


210.2 


7.3 


239.2 


25.2 


9,805 


154 


1977 J 


247.6 


202.0 


5.4 


251.2 


-36 


9,666 


105 


F 


260.7 


216.9 


5.1 


251.9 


8.8 


10,472 


95 


M 


304 


258.5 


6.2 


276.4 


27.6 


11,321 


126 


A 


284.4 


241.0 


5.8 


2625 


21.9 


11,401 


114 


M 


291.0 


2486 


7.1 


267.6 


23.4 


12,601 


144 


J 


296.0 


252.3 


8.3 


267.2 


288 


12,731 


157 


J 


265.2 


221 2 


10.2 


254.9 


10.3 


12,308 


202 


A 


286.4 


236.0 


11.2 


259.0 


27.4 


11,850 


221 


S 


282.4 


237.4 


6.9 


269.5 


12.9 


11,883 


126 





290.2 


244.4 


5.9 


268.9 


21.3 


12,527 


112 


N 


289.5 


247.2 


6.4 


266.4 


23.1 


11,287 


113 


D 


290.9 


214.2 


8.2 


2788 


12.1 


9,699 


155 


1978 J 


272.8 


224.6 


74 


274.8 


-2.0 


10.017 


142 


F 


279.9 


232.7 


5.7 


2664 


13.5 


10,432 


107 


M 


3286 


272.6 


7.4 


295.5 


33.1 


11,692 


123 



iData lor 1970 through 1972 refer to 24 class 1 and 2 carriers whose gross annual revenues totalled $500,000 or more Commencing January 1973. only 6 ma|or railways (ac- 
counting tor 95 per cent or more ol the total operating revenues) are shown 
Source: Railway Operating Statistics (52-003), Statistics Canada. 

Table 3: Operating statistics of air carriers in Canada 











Canadian 


carriers! 
















Unit toll 


revenues 




Revenue 


Revenue 




Operating 


Operating 


Operating 








passengers 


passenger- 


Year 
and 


revenues 


expenses 


income 


Cargo? 


Passengers 


lon-miles2 
Millions 


carried 
Thousands 


miles 


month 






Million dollars 






Millions 


D 


7500 


7501 


7502 


7506 


7505 


7508 


7514 


7511 


1976 


1,539.8 


1,492.7 


47.1 


138.2 


1,204.8 


442.3 


17,713.1 


17,628.6 


1977 


1,681.6 


1,643.8 


37.8 


145.0 


1,314.5 


440.8 


17,982.1 


18,525.2 


1975 D 


131.5 


141.5 


-10.0 


12.7 


97.1 


40.3 


1,461.8 


1,418.7 


1976 J 


128.1 


131.2 


-3.1 


11.5 


97.1 


35.9 


1.449.3 


1,511.6 


F 


1192 


126.6 


-7.4 


11.5 


87.7 


35.5 


1,307.0 


1,406.5 


M 


134.0 


136.3 


-2.3 


12.8 


101.0 


40.5 


1,607.2 


1,593.6 


A 


130.4 


134.5 


-4.1 


12.8 


100.5 


42.3 


1,522.5 


1.458.9 


M 


140 


137.0 


3.0 


12.0 


112.0 


38.8 


1,516.0 


1,519.1 


J 


107.4 


125.2 


-17.8 


9.5 


83.1 


27.9 


1.100.9 


1,176.9 


J 


176.8 


147.1 


29.7 


12.1 


143.9 


35.3 


1,772.9 


2,096.3 


A 


183.2 


150.5 


32.7 


12.0 


149.4 


34.3 


1,842.8 


2,134.9 


S 


156.3 


143.9 


12 4 


12.9 


126.8 


376 


1,611.6 


1,683.8 


O 


137.9 


137.9 


- 


13.3 


111.4 


38.9 


1,469.1 


1,380.3 


N 


119.6 


129.8 


-10.2 


13.4 


90 9 


37.6 


1,286.5 


1,085.9 


D 


148.7 


143.8 


4.9 


11.2 


110.7 


36.2 


1,496.3 


1,477.4 


1977 J 


142.6 


141.2 


1.4 


10.4 


111.5 


28.1 


1,526.5 


1.635.9 


F 


128.3 


134.6 


-6.3 


11.5 


96.5 


32.1 


1,410.2 


1,428.0 


M 


160.3 


150.4 


9.9 


13.6 


122.8 


39.1 


1,700.7 


1,751.5 


A 


151.5 


145.2 


6.4 


11.9 


118.4 


35.7 


1,544.6 


1,530.6 


M 


157.1 


145.5 


11.6 


13.6 


125.7 


36.3 


1,534.6 


1,546.9 


J 


171.8 


148.4 


23.4 


12.4 


139.8 


36.6 


1,650.3 


1,785.2 


J 


200.0 


158.3 


41.7 


12.3 


160.4 


35.4 


1,830.0 


2,276 7 


A 


186.4 


153.4 


33.0 


11.6 


149.4 


32.8 


1,702.1 


2,115.5 


S 


170.7 


153.2 


17.5 


13.9 


137.0 


36.4 


1,630.8 


1.723.0 


O 


154.8 


1475 


7.3 


14.3 


121.6 


392 


1,518.4 


1,420.0 


N 


133.3 


139.7 


-6.4 


15.0 


100.4 


42.8 


1,329.5 


1,110.4 



iBeginning with 1970. figures include the operations of the seven largest airlines in Canada. These transcontinental (Air Canada and CP Air) and regional airlines (Eastern Pro- 
vincial Airways, Nordair, Pacific Western Airlines, Quebecair and Transair) normally account lor approximately 85 per cent ol the total revenues and expenses reported by 
Canadian commercial air carriers 2Cargo includes air freight and express but excludes mail and excess baggage 

Sources: Air Carrier Operations in Canada (51-002) Statistics Canada, Air Carrier Financial Statements (51-206) Statistics Canada, Aviation Statistics Centre Service 
Bulletin (51-004) Statistics Canada. 



123 



Section 12-Tables 4 and 5 

Table 4: Operating statistics ot Canadian pipelines 



July 1978 









Crude oi|2 








Products 






Natural gas 








Operating 


Net receipts 






Net rece 


pts 






Operating 


Receipts^ 


4 








revenues 






Barrel- 


Ton- 






Barrel- 


Ton- 


revenues 






Mcl- 


Ton- 


Year 




Barrels' 


Tons 


miles 


miles 


Barrels 1 


Tons 


miles 


miles 




Met. 


Tons 


miles3 


mi Ies3 


and 


Million 
dollars 


















Million 
dollars 










month 




Millions 






Millions 






Millions 




D 


4071 


4072 


4073 


4074 


4075 


4077 


4078 


4079 


4080 


4081 


4082 


4083 


4084 


4085 


1976 


254.2 


1,077.42 


160.16 


431,255 


62,938 


233.40 


31.10 


18,841 


2,512 


1,895.4 


2,121.19 


48.33 


1,978,899 


45.118 


1977 


275.5 


639.99 


94.11 


450,356 


66,229 


247.98 


33.06 


57,271 


7,635 


2,302.6 


2,202.39 


50.21 


2.049,368 


47,451 


1976 M 


. 


92.96 


13.67 


32,798 


4,823 


18.63 


2.48 


1,437 


192 


131.9 


175 68 


4.00 


165,008 


3,762 


J 


60.5 


99.10 


14.57 


35,794 


5,264 


18.22 


2.43 


1,447 


193 


102.9 


162.87 


3.71 


154,351 


3.519 


J 


- 


88.47 


13.01 


36,462 


5,362 


18.19 


2.42 


1,430 


191 


93.5 


159.58 


3.64 


153,516 


3.500 


A 


- 


84.96 


12.49 


35,613 


5,237 


18.17 


2.42 


1,403 


187 


96.4 


158.45 


3.61 


151,371 


3,451 


S 


68.4 


80.60 


14.70 


33,288 


4,895 


18.52 


2.47 


1,349 


180 


109.3 


151.58 


3.45 


144,142 


3,286 


O 


- 


89 40 


13.15 


36,098 


5,308 


18.62 


2.48 


1,458 


194 


146.8 


179.42 


409 


166,873 


3,805 


N 


- 


86.30 


12.69 


40,643 


5,977 


20.88 


2.78 


1.643 


219 


197.1 


186.34 


4.25 


173,567 


3.957 


D 


66.4 


100.50 


14.78 


43,962 


6,465 


24.00 


3.20 


1,828 


244 


244.4 


201.09 


4.58 


185,127 


4.221 


1977 J 


. 


54.38 


8.00 


40,652 


5,978 


23.43 


3.12 


1,949 


260 


287.8 


204.50 


4.66 


184,777 


4,213 


F 


- 


51.27 


7.54 


38,460 


5.656 


21.45 


2.86 


5,278 


704 


250 1 


184.18 


420 


169,104 


3.856 


M 


67.3 


54.77 


8.05 


39,676 


5,835 


21.47 


2.86 


5,123 


683 


224.2 


204.00 


4.65 


187,747 


4,281 


A 


- 


48.34 


7.11 


37.364 


5,495 


19.56 


2.61 


5,270 


703 


195.7 


185.30 


4.22 


177,368 


4,044 


M 


- 


52.20 


7.68 


37.566 


5,524 


20.61 


2.75 


5.318 


709 


153.3 


184.25 


420 


176.446 


4.993 


J 


68.7 


55.43 


8.15 


37,433 


5,505 


20.87 


2.78 


5,244 


699 


130.2 


163.91 


3.74 


157.609 


3.593 


J 


- 


48.34 


7.11 


33,158 


4,876 


19.93 


2.66 


4,771 


636 


113.0 


156.20 


3.56 


148,407 


3,383 


A 


- 


54.96 


808 


36.083 


5,306 


19.31 


2.57 


4.943 


659 


124.2 


162.22 


3.70 


158,120 


3.605 


S 


66.1 


48.71 


7.16 


34,677 


5,100 


17.48 


2.33 


4,628 


617 


131.9 


165.15 


3.77 


159,111 


3,384 


O 


- 


50.39 


7.41 


34,538 


5,079 


19.77 


2.64 


4.345 


579 


178.3 


181.78 


4.14 


171,691 


3.915 


N 


- 


57.06 


8.39 


39,175 


5,761 


20.81 


2.77 


5.059 


674 


2138 


194.29 


4.43 


169,495 


3.864 


D 


73.4 


64.14 


9.43 


41,574 


6,114 


23.29 


3.11 


5.343 


712 


300.1 


21661 


4.94 


189.493 


4.320 


1978 J 


. 


53.02 


7.80 


37,908 


5,575 


23.22 


3.10 


5,432 


724 


341.8 


216.94 


4.93 


179,907 


4.101 


F 


- 


49.11 


7.22 


31,005 


4,560 


21.20 


2.83 


5,147 


686 


325.1 


185.74 


4.23 


167.373 


3,816 


M 


69.3 


53.05 


780 


36.840 


5,418 


21.13 


282 


4.688 


625 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


A 




44.19 


6.50 


31,595 


4,646 


18.52 


2.47 


3.837 


512 













1 Barrels ot 35 Canadian gallons 2|ncludes gathering and trunk lines 3Excludes distribution systems 
Sources: Oil Pipeline Transport (55-001) and Gas Utilities (55-002), Statistics Canada. 



^Received from field and processing plants by transport systems 



Table 5: Shipping traffic (thousand short tons) 



















International 


seaborne shipping 




Year 






Total 


cargo handled' 














Total 


and 
















Cargo 


Cargo 




coastwise 


month 


Halifax 


Saint John 


Quebec 


Montreal 


Toronto 


Vancouver 


All ports 


loaded 


unloaded 


Total 


shipping 


D 


4101 


4102 


4103 


4104 


410b 


4106 


4107 


4108 


4109 


4110 


4111 


1976 


11,547 


11,121 


13,405 


17,159 


3,098 


29.244 


307,605 


126.562 


62.253 


188.815 


118,790 


1977 


12,213 


11,251 


15,334 


18,529 


2.982 


32,767 


325,477 


132,023 


64.906 


196,929 


128,548 


1976 A 


1.009 


1.156 


1,122 


1.526 


586 


3.856 


28,465 


11,090 


6.360 


17.450 


11.015 


M 


1,037 


1.054 


1,460 


2,215 


992 


2.974 


34,201 


13.780 


7.718 


21.498 


12.703 


J 


1,027 


1,219 


1,469 


1.711 


896 


2.925 


34.178 


13.350 


7.380 


20.730 


13.448 


J 


1,134 


690 


1,360 


1,731 


629 


2.340 


31,212 


12.247 


5.732 


1 7.979 


13,233 


A 


798 


1,035 


1,201 


1,570 


401 


3.073 


31.143 


13.752 


5.391 


19.143 


12.000 


S 


658 


694 


917 


1,794 


386 


2,816 


29.358 


12.365 


4.657 


17.022 


12.336 


O 


1,018 


935 


1,689 


1,846 


423 


2.660 


30.061 


11.547 


6.243 


17.790 


12.271 


N 


975 


1,002 


985 


1,756 


299 


3,794 


30.575 


12.330 


6.283 


18.613 


11.962 


D 


1,012 


922 


1,008 


1.700 


488 


3,221 


24.384 


10.184 


5.238 


15.422 


8.962 


1977 J 


1.046 


977 


320 


412 


- 


3.100 


12,786 


6.801 


2,527 


9.328 


3.458 


F 


959 


734 


487 


444 


- 


2.773 


9,408 


4.624 


2.089 


6.713 


2.695 


M 


1.071 


1.845 


474 


586 


- 


3.086 


12.773 


5.404 


3.004 


8.408 


4.365 


A 


910 


1,176 


854 


1,028 


594 


3.325 


25,418 


9.129 


5.680 


14.809 


10.609 


M 


1.156 


1,136 


1,731 


1,746 


850 


3,585 


35,082 


13.863 


7,447 


21.310 


13,772 


J 


862 


1.258 


1,940 


2.079 


773 


3,598 


33.891 


14.004 


7.185 


21.189 


12.702 


J 


1,181 


715 


1,916 


2,205 


756 


3,024 


34,226 


12.498 


7.530 


20.028 


14.198 


A 


814 


608 


1,630 


2,230 


696 


3.100 


33.681 


13.655 


6.137 


19.792 


13.889 


S 


964 


718 


1,225 


1,517 


490 


2.918 


30.062 


12.369 


5.415 


17,784 


12.278 


O 


1,166 


935 


1,260 


1.914 


481 


3.642 


34.270 


13.480 


6.563 


20.043 


14.227 


N 


774 


515 


1,545 


2,286 


530 


3.533 


33.018 


12.543 


6.1 19 


18.662 


14.356 


D 


1.179 


528 


1,585 


1.707 


341 


3.346 


27,294 


12,034 


4.605 


16.639 


10.655 


1978 J 


694 


738 


540 


573 


. 


2.837 


12.624 


6.001 


1.932 


7.933 


4.691 


F 


769 


816 


265 


437 


- 


2.852 


11.758 


5.263 


2.134 


7.397 


4.361 


M 


1.129 


781 


664 


651 


45 


3.746 


1 3.494 


6.150 


2.504 


8.654 


4340 



Note: Components may not add to totals due to rounding. Annual Data may include revisions not available on a monthly basis 

toreign and coastwise shipping 

Source: Shipping Statistics (54-002), Statistics Canada. 



1 Includes cargo loaded and unloaded in 



124 



Section 1 3 ■ Finance 

126 1. Bank of Canada 

127 2. Canadian Chartered Banks 

128 3. Currency Outside Banks and Chartered Bank Deposits 

129 4. Cheques Cashed in Clearing Centres 

130 5. Life Insurance Sales by Type and Province 

130 6. Benefit Payments of All Life Insurance Companies 

131 7. Security Issues and Retirements 

132 8. Index Numbers of Security Prices 

133 9. Stock Exchange Statistics 

133 10. Commercial Failures and Liabilities 

134 11. Federal Government Budgetary Revenues 
134 12. Budgetary Expenditures by Principal Classes 



125 



Section 


13-Table 1 




























July 1978 


Table 1: 


Bank of Canada ( 


million dollars) 










































Assets 


















Government of Canada direct 


and 


guaranteed 


securities 
















Net 
























Advances 








amount 










Other maturities 










to 








of gov't 
























chartered 








of Canada 










Over 


Over 








Bankers 


and 


Foreign 


Invest- 


Cheques 


items in 


End of 


Treasury 


3 years 


3 years 


5 years to 


Over 








accep- 


savings 


currency 


ments 


on other 


process of 


period 


bills 


and under 


to 5 years 


10 years 


10 years 


Total 




Total 


tances 


banks 


assets' 


in IDB2 


banks 


settlement 


8 


202 


204 


205 




206 


207 


203 




201 


208 


210 


212 


213 


214 


215 


1976 


2,085 6 


2,917.1 


1,517.5 


994.1 


871.1 


6,299.9 


8,385.5 


104.8 


23.0 


1,431.1 


858.4 


746.2 


65.3 


1977 


2,418 3 


3.467.6 


1,680.1 


1,229.5 


1,429.6 


7,806.8 


10.225.1 


137 


40.5 


1,261.1 


6869 


744.6 


176.2 


1976 J 


1,809.5 


3,162.7 


1,351.6 


649.9 


737.6 


5,901.8 


7,711.3 


. 


. 


1.517.4 


948.2 


2039 


330.4 


J 


1.804.9 


3,163.3 


1.352.4 


6500 


733.2 


5,898.9 


7,703.8 


- 


- 


1,405.6 


9073 


588.3 


163.9 


A 


1,901.9 


3,099.2 


1,564.2 


6502 


770.9 


6,084.6 


7,986.5 


0.9 


15.0 


1.287.2 


907.3 


190.1 


192.4 


S 


2.023.4 


3,112.8 


1,564.4 


650.3 


770.7 


6,098.2 


8,121.6 


13.1 


- 


1.172.6 


907.2 


152.8 


208.0 


O 


1,854.9 


2,958.7 


1.577.2 


9939 


760.7 


6,290.6 


8,145.5 


- 


- 


965.1 


858.5 


6586 


173.4 


N 


2,145.7 


3,005.0 


1,567.3 


994 1 


759.4 


6.325.8 


8,471.5 


21.1 


60 


1,562.5 


858.5 


472.2 


119.4 


D 


2.085.6 


2,917.1 


1,517.5 


994.1 


871.1 


6.299.9 


8.385.5 


104.8 


23.0 


1.431.1 


858.4 


746.2 


65.3 


1977 J 


1.796.0 


2,9094 


1,474.9 


993.5 


871.2 


6,249. 1 


8.045.1 


56.2 


15.0 


1.805.7 


818.0 


2520 


131.5 


F 


2.073 2 


3,120 8 


1,705.7 


906.7 


9940 


6,727.2 


8.800.3 


32.7 


27.0 


8509 


818 


372.9 


45.9 


M 


1.890.1 


3,106.6 


1,705.8 


9034 


994.1 


6,709.9 


8.600.0 


1.5 


20.0 


1.328.4 


817.9 


297.9 


356.2 


A 


1,909.3 


3.03C 


5 


1,820.4 


895.3 


1,035.8 


6,782.0 


8.691.3 


- 


- 


1.263.4 


777.7 


704.9 


.391.6 


M 


1,967.3 


3,186.9 


1,820.5 


1,037.1 


1.079.8 


7.124.3 


9.091.6 


14.8 


20.0 


1,297.0 


777.7 


117.2 


245.5 


J 


1,691.2 


3,147.6 


1,790.6 


1,033.3 


1,075.1 


7.0467 


8,737.8 


- 


58.0 


1.363.3 


777.6 


811.0 


127.0 


J 


1,970.9 


3,018 3 


2,018.6 


1,017.1 


1.148.3 


7,2023 


9,173.2 


- 


- 


1.178.4 


736.3 


6798 


310.8 


A 


2,404.7 


3,0959 


1,948.7 


1,017.3 


1,148.4 


7,210.3 


9,615.0 


3.6 


- 


1,108.4 


736.3 


121.6 


190.5 


S 


2,093.7 


2,9636 


2.048.1 


1,1367 


1,2275 


7,377.9 


9,471.6 


- 


37.0 


6467 


736.2 


782.7 


158.8 


O 


2,789.8 


3,192.2 


1,949.3 


1,139.0 


1,326.3 


7,606.8 


10.396.6 


30.3 


3.0 


339.8 


6870 


660.5 


164.8 


N 


2.7994 


3,191.0 


1,949 3 


1,139.2 


1,326.4 


7,6057 


10,405.4 


4.6 


- 


5854 


686.9 


139.1 


207.4 


D 


2,418.3 


3,467.6 


1,680.1 


1,229.5 


1,429.6 


7,806.8 


10,225.1 


13.7 


40.5 


1.261.1 


686.9 


744.6 


176.2 


1978 J 


2.062.1 


3,469.6 


1,680.2 


1,229.6 


1.417.6 


7.797.1 


9,859.1 


13 4 


. 


1.251.6 


6460 


250.2 


181.6 


F 


2,571 1 


3.7026 


1.452 4 


1.324.7 


1,502 3 


7.9820 


10.553.1 


6.6 


60.0 


8358 


6460 


267.4 


325.6 


M 


2,907.8 


3,6547 


1,432.5 


1,327.3 


1.500.8 


7,915.2 


10,823.0 


- 


1.5 


4860 


6459 


701.7 


490.6 


A 


3,025.0 


3,723 5 ■ 


1,508 7 


1.327 6 


1.549.2 


8.108.9 


1 1.133.9 


- 


15.0 


553.8 


6075 


781.9 


449.6 


M 


2,187.4 


3.7637 


1.660.0 


1.327.8 


1,597.0 


8.348.5 


10.535.9 


4.2 


56.0 


1.2197 


607.5 


2076 


190.5 
























Liabilities 


























Canadian dollar deposits 












Assets 








Notes in 


circulation 
















All other 


liabilities 












Foreign 

central 

banks & 








Accrued 

interest 




















Govern- 
ment of 




Foreign 


Bank of 
Canada 








Held 


by 










on 






Total _ 








Go 


vern- 




Canada 


official 




currency 


cheques 


All 


End of 


invest- Al 


other 


assets or Chartered 






ment of 


Chartered 


enter- 


insti- 




liabi- 


out- 


other 


period 


ments accounts3 


liabilities 


banks 


Others 


Total Canada 


banks 


prises 


tutions 


Other 


lities 


standing 


accounts 4 


B 


216 


217 


200 250 


252 




253 


251 


254 


255 


256 


257 


258 


259 


260 


261 


1976 


160.9 


68.1 


11,843.2 1,240 3 


6.572.7 7,813.1 


32.5 


3,169.3 


-2.3 


103.1 


22.7 


56.0 


551.8 


96.9 


1977 


192 


76 1 


13.416 4 1.370.9 


7,267.6 8.638.6 


260 


3.704 5 


-43 


109 6 


25.8 


999 


780.4 


36.1 


1976 J 


154.3 


81.0 


10,946 5 


905.3 


6,276.1 7,181.4 


62 


2,951.5 


-3.7 


70.9 


23.0 


147.6 


450.0 


119.6 


J 


157.2 


688 


10.994 8 


891.3 


6.362.7 7.254.0 


546 


2.936 6 


-2.7 


578 


21 1 


21.2 


571.8 


80.5 


A 


161.1 


650 


10.805 6 


9769 


6.261.6 7.238.4 


10.6 


3.0687 


-1.9 


61.7 


225 


148 


3040 


86.8 


S 


182.2 


72.2 


10,829.6 


8982 


6.296.2 7.194.4 


60 


3,023.6 


-2.8 


51.9 


22 1 


33 


3598 


171.5 





133.2 


68 1 


11,002.4 


8323 


6,373.4 7,205.7 


17.4 


3.060 8 


-38 


86.1 


21 6 


6.3 


5243 


839 


N 


178 6 


69.6 


11,759.3 


9938 


6,373.6 7,367.4 


162 


3.072 2 


-28 


128 9 


206 


237.1 


740.9 


178 6 


D 


1609 


68 .1 


11,843 2 1.240.3 


6.572.7 7.813.1 


32.5 


3,169 3 


-2.3 


103.1 


227 


56.0 


551.8 


96.9 


1977 J 


169.8 


692 


11,362.5 1,003.3 


6.201.0 7,204.3 


43.6 


3,397.3 


-1.6 


115.7 


224 


799 


378.3 


122.6 


F 


161.0 


67.5 


11,176.1 


9782 


6.204.0 7.182.1 


21 6 


3,215 


-0.8 


872 


254 


37 3 


420 2 


188 2 


M 


197.4 


67.3 


11,686 7 


8875 


6.331.2 7.218.8 


93 


3.344 2 


-28 


126.2 


26.8 


32.5 


6794 


252.4 


A 


151.7 


683 


12,049.0 


846.5 


6.534.8 7,381.3 


10.7 


3.512 5 


-2.1 


104 8 


279 


223 


833 2 


158 4 


M 


194.1 


72.2 


11,830.0 1,072.7 


6.542.3 7,615 


18.2 


3,442.1 


1.5 


101 4 


225 


24 


4838 


142.9 


J 


185 9 


71 


12.131 7 


874.6 


6.870.5 7,745 1 


246 


3,407 7 


-08 


158 1 


27 3 


10.1 


6533 


106 4 


J 


199 9 


697 


12,348 2 


961.7 


6.9318 7,893 5 


11.8 


3,416 8 


-2.5 


164 7 


274 


288 


683 9 


123 7 


A 


177.8 


70.6 


12,023 8 1.072.0 


6,8206 7,8926 


9.4 


3.4588 


-2.6 


154 


222 


10.7 


381 1 


973 


S 


2037 


70 .1 


12,106.8 


865 9 


6.949.1 7.814.9 


99 


3.4065 


-24 


1433 


27 1 


4 1 


599.9 


103.4 


O 


149 5 


71 5 


12.503 1.044.5 


6.869.3 7.913.8 


135 


3,498 9 


-32 


2693 


255 


96 1 


5785 


110 6 


N 


201.0 


72.9 


12.3027 1.061.3 


6.988.3 8.049.6 


94 


3.517 


-1.4 


808 


235 


74 1 


4398 


1098 


D 


1920 


76 1 


13.416.4 1,370.9 


7,267.6 8,638.6 


260 


3.7045 


-43 


109 6 


25 8 


99 9 


7804 


36 .1 


1978 J 


194.7 


740 


12.4706 1,105.7 


6.909.6 8.015.3 


44 


3.8405 


-2.2 


81.7 


282 


234 


359 6 


119.6 


F 


178.3 


75.6 


12.948.3 1.064.1 


6.943.6 8.007.7 


69 


3,804.4 


-29 


76 6 


21 7 


1239 


7376 


172.4 


M 


215.5 


747 


13,438 9 


891.7 


7.101.7 7.993.4 


23 2 


3.8439 


-5.4 


99 


292 


78.2 


1.131 8 


245.5 


A 


163.7 


77.6 


13,783.1 


8572 


7,196.5 8.053.7 


249 


3.882.2 


-2.8 


1436 


29 5 


3334 


1,1482 


170.5 


M 


2182 


79.3 


13,118.9 






8.372.9 


9.4 


3.9376 


-3 1 


973 


262 


595 


461 9 


157 1 



1 Foreign exchange and foreign securities. ^Industrial Development Bank capital stock, bonds and debentures 
capital and rest fund which has amounted to $30 million since December 31, 1955 
Source: Bank of Canada Review. 



3Bank premises and all other assets includes the total of 



126 



July 1978 

Table 2: Canadian chartered banks (million dollars) 



Section 13-Table 2 





Canadian cash 


reserves and 


liquid assets'. 2 










Liabilities 
















Average 


cash 






Canadian dollar deposits 








Total cash 


reserves 


Canadian 


reserve-ratio 


















actual 


dollar 


actually 


held 




Provincial 












End of 






statutory 




* 


Government 


govern- 


Personal 


Other 


Other 


Public 




period 


1-15 


16-31 


deposits 


1-15 


16-31 


of Canada 


ments 


savings 


notice 


banks3 


demand 


Total 


B 


818 


819 


806 


822 


823 


652 


653 


654 


655 


656 


657 


651 


1976 


4,207 


4,200 


74,127 


5.68 


5.67 


3,103 


1,052 


40,478 


17,658 


1,109 


13,374 


76,773 


1977 


4,857 


4,865 


85,080 


5.71 


5.72 


4,733 


1,234 


44,948 


20,91 1 


1,231 


15,613 


88,670 


1976 J 


3,992 


3,993 


69,628 


5.74 


5.74 


2,151 


1,282 


37,471 


16,537 


1,256 


13,417 


72,113 


J 


4,013 


4,004 


70,202 


5.72 


5.70 


2,205 


1,261 


38,168 


16,996 


983 


12,512 


72,125 


A 


4,110 


4,109 


71,277 


5.77 


5.76 


2,505 


1,339 


38,774 


16,809 


909 


12,718 


73,055 


S 


4,121 


4,120 


71,788 


5.74 


5.74 


1,852 


1,113 


39,328 


17,361 


881 


13,001 


73,537 


O 


4,133 


4,146 


72,530 


5.70 


5.72 


1,934 


986 


40,081 


18,005 


1,015 


12,792 


74,812 


N 


4,170 


4,147 


73,139 


5.70 


5.67 


4,064 


852 


40,068 


17,569 


989 


13,059 


76,600 


D 


4,207 


4,200 


74,127 


568 


5.67 


3,103 


1,052 


40,478 


17,658 


1,109 


13,374 


76,773 


1977 J 


4,430 


4,437 


75,890 


5.84 


5.85 


4,390 


1,293 


41,413 


17,360 


986 


12,821 


78,263 


F 


4,466 


4,484 


76,760 


5.82 


5.84 


4,395 


1,158 


41,748 


18.014 


963 


13,135 


79.413 


M 


4,462 


4,450 


77,234 


5.78 


5.76 


3,618 


1.800 


42,400 


18,610 


1,053 


12,578 


80,058 


A 


4,511 


4,531 


78.563 


5.74 


5.77 


2,420 


1,817 


43,228 


19.542 


1,139 


13,187 


81,333 


M 


4,488 


4,480 


79,511 


5.64 


5.64 


2,705 


1,819 


43,349 


20.058 


1,111 


13,304 


82,345 


J 


4,503 


4,495 


80.591 


5.59 


5.58 


1,898 


1,611 


43,924 


20,110 


1,295 


14,389 


83,226 


J 


4,519 


4,527 


81,015 


5.58 


5.59 


2,381 


1,579 


44,449 


20,221 


1.220 


13,638 


83,487 


A 


4,632 


4,637 


82,078 


5.64 


5.65 


1,990 


1,321 


44,817 


20,322 


1,165 


13,690 


83,305 


S 


4,569 


4,561 


81,873 


5.58 


5.57 


1,867 


1,249 


45,262 


21,092 


1,214 


14,191 


84.875 


O 


4,659 


4,696 


83,293 


5.59 


5.64 


2,793 


1,160 


45,809 


20,640 


1,182 


14,678 


86,259 


N 


4,726 


4,721 


84.060 


5.62 


5.62 


4,417 


1,176 


44,757 


20,993 


1,236 


14,238 


86,817 


D 


4,857 


4,865 


85,080 


5.71 


5.72 


4,733 


1,234 


44,948 


20,911 


1,231 


15,613 


88,670 


1978 J 


5,060 


5,030 


86.528 


5.85 


5.81 


5,114 


1,037 


45,700 


20,967 


1,185 


13,772 


87.776 


F 


5,115 


5,138 


87,285 


5.86 


5.89 


5,238 


1,086 


45,914 


21.183 


1,209 


13,855 


88,485 


M 


5,022 


5,039 


86,792 


5.79 


5.81 


4,507 


1,792 


46,538 


22.453 


1,130 


14,152 


90,572 


A 


5,057 


5,067 


88,057 


5.74 


5.76 


4,432 


1,630 


47,339 


23,033 


1,176 


14,291 


91.902 


M 


5,058 


5.068 


89,143 


5.67 


5.69 




































Assets 














Liabilities 


























Government of Canada 






Accep- 




Deben- 


Accumu- 












direct 


and 






tances, 




tures 


lated 






Bank of 




Treasury 


guaranteed 


bondsS 




Advances 


guarantees 




issued 


appro- 


Share- 


Total 


Canada 


Canadian 


bills 






End of 


from Bank 


and letters 


All other 


and out- 


priations 


holders 


Canadian 


deposits 


day-to-day 


(amortized 


3 years 


Over 


period 


of Canada 


of credit 


liabilities 


standing 


for losses 


equity 4 


liabilities 


and notes 


loans 


value) 


and under 


3 years 


B 


658 


659 


660 


661 


662 


663 


650 


603 


606 


607 


665 


610 


1976 


23 


5,076 


626 


1,169 


1,090 


3,344 


88,100 


4,410 


176 


4,141 


2,187 


2,256 


1977 


41 


6,019 


666 


1.308 


1,266 


3,845 


101,813 


5,075 


331 


4,858 


2,088 


2,564 


1976 M 


5 


4,910 


727 


1,096 


949 


2,947 


82,280 


3.923 


188 


3,962 


2,316 


1,999 


J 


- 


5,005 


835 


1,096 


949 


2,980 


82,978 


3.857 


311 


4,032 


2,477 


1,857 


J 


- 


5,081 


728 


1,070 


949 


3.007 


82,961 


3,828 


303 


4.063 


2,482 


1,913 


A 


15 


5,100 


807 


1,070 


949 


3.010 


84,006 


4,046 


303 


4.059 


2,367 


2,036 


S 


- 


4,986 


1,012 


1,120 


949 


3,013 


84,617 


3,922 


122 


4,109 


2,299 


2,143 


O 


- 


5,006 


304 


1,169 


1,090 


3,332 


85,714 


3,893 


344 


4,177 


2,266 


2.082 


N 


6 


5,059 


487 


1,169 


1,090 


3,342 


87,753 


4,066 


81 


4.192 


2,176 


2,167 


D 


23 


5,076 


626 


1,169 


1,090 


3.344 


88,100 


4,410 


176 


4,141 


2,187 


2.256 


1977 J 


15 


5,227 


552 


1,198 


1,090 


3,346 


89,691 


4,401 


1 


4,200 


2,214 


2,306 


F 


27 


5,223 


650 


1,278 


1,090 


3,346 


91,027 


4,193 


96 


3,887 


2,180 


2,373 


M 


20 


5,379 


755 


1,277 


1,090 


3,347 


91,925 


4,232 


229 


4,011 


2,191 


2,390 


A 


- 


5,495 


641 


1,206 


1,090 


3,347 


93,113 


4,359 


356 


4,024 


2,253 


2,343 


M 


20 


5,489 


742 


1,211 


1,090 


3,347 


94,243 


4,518 


50 


4.074 


2,142 


2,396 


J 


58 


5,624 


899 


1,285 


1,085 


3,354 


95,531 


4,282 


340 


4,064 


2,118 


2,391 


J 


- 


5,795 


835 


1,285 


1,085 


3,356 


95,845 


4,378 


313 


4,161 


1,949 


2,558 


A 


- 


5,846 


903 


1,285 


1,085 


3,357 


95,783 


4,531 


296 


4,184 


2,063 


2,431 


S 


37 


5,974 


1,075 


1,335 


1,085 


3,376 


97,757 


4,272 


395 


4,474 


1,940 


2,518 





3 


6,009 


372 


1,277 


1,266 


3,841 


99,026 


4,543 


112 


4,549 


1,980 


2,553 


N 


- 


5,866 


521 


1,278 


1,266 


3,843 


99,590 


4,578 


271 


4,576 


1,970 


2,567 


D 


41 


6,019 


666 


1,308 


1,266 


3,845 


101,813 


5,075 


331 


4,858 


2,088 


2,564 


1978 J 


- 


6,238 


730 


1,308 


1,266 


3,846 


101.164 


4,946 


240 


4,800 


2,078 


2,599 


F 


60 


6,382 


818 


1,382 


1,266 


3,846 


102,237 


4.869 


209 


4,466 


2.186 


2,536 


M 


2 


6,657 


943 


1,414 


1,266 


3,846 


104,700 


4,736 


213 


4,945 


2,136 


2,513 


A 


15 


6,815 


919 


1,438 


1,266 


3,848 


106,203 


4,739 


309 


5.072 


2,067 


2,568 



Cone' I on page 128 



127 



Section 13-Table 2/Concluded and Table 3 

Table 2: Canadian chartered banks (million dollars)/concluded 



July 1978 

















Assets 


















Loans in Canadian currency^ 










Canadian 


securities 


Canadian 






















Other 






dollar 




Total 




Call and 


Provin- 




Canada 






insured 


resi- 


Provin- 




items 


All 


Canadian 


End of 


short 


cial-muni- 


Grain 


Savings 


General 


Total 


under 


dential 


cial-muni- 




in transit 


other 


dollar 


period 


loans 


cipal 7 


dealers^ 


Bonds9 


loanslO 


loans 


N.H.A. 


mortgages 


cipal 7 


Corporate 


(net) 


assets 


assets 


B 


612 


(622-623)11 


624 


625 


(626-627)11 


664 


620 


621 


(617-618)11 


619 


628 


(629-630)11 


670 


1976 


1,395 


2,001 


748 


525 


49,642 


50,510 


5,218 


3,802 


1,045 


2,877 


1,350 


7.016 


88,790 


1977 


1,471 


1,793 


599 


547 


55,913 


55,732 


7,059 


4,590 


852 


4,180 


2,411 


8.487 


102,819 


1976 M 


1,166 


1,981 


1,078 


225 


44,875 


45,813 


4,436 


3,512 


1,085 


2,345 


2,750 


6,883 


82,723 


J 


1,207 


1,947 


1,049 


176 


45,936 


46,726 


4,505 


3.589 


1,121 


2,339 


2,508 


6.791 


83.701 


J 


848 


1,982 


1.079 


127 


46,962 


47,376 


4,596 


3,620 


1,084 


2,328 


1,712 


6.898 


83.824 


A 


765 


1,872 


1,059 


83 


47,378 


47,483 


4,687 


3,675 


1,054 


2.617 


2,103 


6,961 


85.066 


S 


1.005 


1,737 


1.008 


55 


47,991 


48,087 


4,777 


3,708 


1.030 


2,688 


1.972 


6.860 


85,425 


O 


1,273 


1,858 


963 


26 


48,527 


48,894 


4,954 


3,727 


1,135 


2,602 


1,630 


6,974 


86,432 


N 


1,032 


1,731 


880 


591 


49,206 


49,669 


5.062 


3.769 


1,074 


2,882 


2,552 


7,116 


88,577 


D 


1,395 


2.001 


748 


525 


49,642 


50,510 


5,218 


3,802 


1,045 


2,877 


1,350 


7,016 


88.790 


1977 J 


909 


2,114 


1,092 


471 


50,128 


50,899 


5,263 


3,813 


987 


2,711 


2,469 


7.211 


90.289 


F 


1.282 


2,096 


1,242 


416 


51,277 


52,433 


5.364 


3,879 


1,016 


2.691 


2.323 


7,172 


91,485 


M 


1,154 


2,134 


1,207 


350 


52,150 


53,062 


5.495 


3,934 


1,051 


2,779 


1.935 


7,302 


92,545 


A 


1,196 


2,106 


1,156 


301 


52,672 


53,423 


5.626 


4.007 


1,007 


2.973 


1,846 


7.565 


93.788 


M 


1,283 


1,996 


1.057 


241 


53,249 


53,643 


5.736 


4.183 


945 


3.198 


2,365 


7.600 


.95.033 


J 


1,432 


1,941 


906 


186 


54,221 


54,351 


5,920 


4,334 


901 


3.334 


2,322 


7,863 


96,555 


J 


1,212 


1,811 


727 


140 


55,017 


54,490 


6,094 


4,429 


879 


3.409 


1.839 


7,935 


96,853 


A 


1,209 


1,625 


736 


87 


55,040 


54,211 


6,322 


4,485 


864 


3,565 


2,041 


8,033 


97,511 


S 


1,459 


1,780 


723 


55 


55,473 


54,933 


6,506 


4.557 


885 


3,831 


1.862 


8,379 


99.109 


O 


1,580 


1,814 


702 


14 


55,707 


55,257 


6.741 


4.560 


912 


3.751 


2.709 


8,382 


100.609 


N 


1,253 


1,708 


665 


557 


56,018 


55,644 


6,885 


4.556 


858 


3,915 


2.323 


8,268 


100.967 


D 


1,471 


1,793 


599 


547 


55,913 


55,732 


7,059 


4,590 


852 


4.180 


2,411 


8.487 


102.819 


1978 J 


985 


1,728 


919 


494 


56,225 


55,719 


7.122 


4,632 


867 


4,042 


2.287 


8.496 


102,460 


F 


908 


1,829 


1,087 


440 


56,860 


56,415 


7.198 


4,709 


863 


4.584 


2.506 


8.675 


103,922 


M 


1,033 


1,764 


1,117 


372 


57,824 


57,395 


7,350 


4,714 


848 


4.971 


2,737 


9.015 


106.286 


A 


1,243 


1,730 


1,124 


319 


58,685 


58.363 


7,493 


4,737 


870 


5.217 


2.593 


9.235 


108.001 



iBank ol Canada deposits are averages of the juridical days in the month shown while Bank of Canada notes and Canadian dollar deposit liabilities are averages of the 4 con- 
secutive Wednesdays ending with the second last Wednesday in the previous month 2Daily averages for period 3Mainly deposits of foreign banks. ''Capital, rest tund 
and undivided profits as at the latest fiscal year-end. 5|ncluding issues payable in foreign currency 6£xcluding Canadian day-to-day loans 7 Secunties purchased direct 
from issuer with a term of less than one year at lime ot issue are classified as loans 8i_oans to grain dealers and exporters 9l_oans 'o finance purchase of Canada 
Savings Bonds at time of issue lOlncluding loans to instalment finance companies "These series reflect the combination of two CANSIM series 
Source: Bank of Canada Review. 

Table 3: Currency outside banks and chartered bank deposits (million dollars) 





















Currency and 


chartered 




Currency 


outside banks 






Chartered bank deposits 






bank deposits 








Non-personal 








Held by 


End ot 






















Period 


Notes 


Com 


Total 


of Canada 


savings 


and notice 


Demand 


Totall 


Total? 


pubhc3 


B 


2002 


2003 


2001 


2005 


2006 


2007 


2008 


2004 


2000 


2009 


1976 D 


6,489 


752 


7.241 


3.595 


40.016 


18,887 


12.025 


74,523 


81,764 


78.169 


1977 D 


7,156 


817 


7.970 


4,747 


44.586 


22.541 


13.566 


85,44 1 


93.379 


88.632 


1976 J 


6,085 


723 


6.807 


2.205 


37.067 


18.472 


11.377 


69.121 


75.928 


73.723 


J 


6,207 


728 


6.935 


2.271 


37.654 


18.309 


11.481 


69,715 


76.650 


74.379 


A 


6,187 


736 


6.924 


2.702 


38.234 


18.400 


11,529 


70.865 


77.789 


75.087 


S 


6,205 


738 


6,943 


2.131 


38.890 


18,658 


11.677 


71.356 


78.299 


76.168 


O 


6,216 


741 


6,957 


2.187 


39.443 


18.957 


11,494 


72.081 


79.038 


76.851 


N 


6,270 


746 


7,016 


2.633 


39.905 


19.055 


11.447 


73.040 


80.056 


77.423 


D 


6,489 


752 


7,241 


3.595 


40,016 


18.887 


12,025 


74,523 


81.764 


78.169 


1977 J 


6.247 


760 


7,008 


4,130 


40,749 


18.999 


11.611 


75,489 


82.497 


78.367 


F 


6.181 


758 


6.939 


4.420 


41.306 


19.345 


11.356 


76.427 


83.366 


78.946 


M 


6.198 


761 


6.961 


4.458 


4 1 .840 


20.059 


1 1 ,544 


77.900 


84.861 


80.403 


A 


6,291 


763 


7.054 


3.090 


42.585 


21.244 


11.659 


78.578 


85.632 


82.542 


M 


6.399 


770 


7,168 


2.649 


43.032 


22,292 


11.687 


79,660 


86.828 


84.179 


J 


6,564 


781 


7,345 


2.172 


43.415 


21.940 


12.441 


79.968 


87.311 


85.139 


J 


6,743 


788 


7.531 


2.494 


43.941 


22.007 


12.420 


80.861 


88.386 


85.892 


A 


6,763 


797 


7.559 


2,049 


44.459 


21.849 


12.536 


80,893 


88.442 


86.393 


S 


6,755 


800 


7.555 


2.222 


44.813 


22.649 


12.702 


82.386 


89.928 


87.706 


O 


6,785 


804 


7.590 


2,736 


45.178 


22.241 


12.597 


82.752 


90.325 


87.589 


N 


6.892 


810 


7,702 


3.523 


45.017 


22.495 


12.822 


83.857 


91.539 


88.016 


D 


7.156 


817 


7.970 


4.747 


44.586 


22.541 


13.566 


85.441 


93.379 


88.632 


1978 J 


6,919 


826 


7.745 


5,122 


45.105 


22.238 


12.865 


85,331 


93.040 


87.918 


F 


6,882 


821 


7.703 


5.021 


45.556 


22.412 


12.622 


85.61 1 


93.275 


88.254 


M 


6,908 


825 


7.735 


5,152 


45.907 


23.541 


12.418 


87.018 


94.714 


89.561 


A 


6,954 


826 


7.776 


4.684 


46.640 


24.464 


12.629 


88.419 


96.159 


91.475 


M 


7,126 


835 


7,966 


4.536 


47.157 


24.792 


12.855 


89,339 


97.265 


92.727 



'Less Canadian dollar float includes Government ot Canada Deposits 
Source: Bank of Canada Review. 



3Excludes Government of Canada Deposits 



128 



July 1978 

Table 4: Cheques cashed in clearing centres (million dollars) 



Section 13-Table 4 























By selected cities 




By type ot account 


Year 






Atlantic 


























and 






prov- 


















Van- 






Personal 


month 


Canada 


inces 


Que. Ont 


Man. 


Sask.2 


Alta. 


B.C 


Montreal 


Toronto 


Winnipeg 


couver 


Current 


Savings 


chequing 




D 


4269 


4270 


4275 4276 


4278 


4279 


4280 


4281 


4282 


4283 


4284 


4285 


4286 


4287 


4288 




D 


4289 


4367 


4295 4296 


4298 




4300 


4301 


4302 


4303 


4304 


4305 


4306 


4307 


4308 


1976 




2,469,600 


57,869 


651,094 1,248,446 


105,140 


34,764 


178,013 


194,272 


548,488 1,040,415 


103,786 


161,426 2,360,993 


66,332 


41,373 


1977 




2,718,309 


60,948 


709,854 1,388,568 


107,020 


38,124 


205,942 


207,853 


609,658 


,166,699 


105,457 


172,006 2,595.928 


75,386 


46,995 


Unadjusted for seasonal 


variation 
























1976 


M 


197,829 


4,922.2 


52,513.8 99,927.2 


8,204.2 


3,025.8 


14,071.9 


15,164.4 


43,647 


83,095 


8,093 


12,910 


188,387 


5,883 


3,559 




J 


216,445 


4,670.4 


57,961.8 109,119.3 


9,656.8 


3,011.2 


15,061.9 


16,964.0 


48,563 


91,978 


9,538 


14,333 


206,525 


6,143 


3,777 




J 


214,193 


5,431.7 


55,061.9 108,230.6 


9,1047 


2,592.4 


15,651.6 


18,120.2 


46,549 


91,156 


8,989 


14,737 


205,068 


5,550 


3,574 




A 


203,225 


5,055.1 


54,315.9 102,218.9 


8,118.2 


2,728.8 


15.107.3 


15.680.6 


44,978 


84,962 


7,999 


12,635 


194,495 


5,231 


3,499 




S 


202,109 


4,855.3 


53,627.2 101,410.2 


8,6423 


3,086.9 


13,909.3 


16,578 1 


46,567 


84.779 


8,528 


13,451 


193,264 


5,063 


3,782 







201,090 


4,858.9 


51,521.0 102,535.7 


8,893 1 


2,817.9 


15,383.6 


15.079.8 


43,982 


84,688 


8,779 


12,778 


192,195 


5,175 


3,720 




N 


220,052 


4,860.6 


61,165.2 108,410.0 


9,470.7 


2,902.9 


15,739.8 


17,502.7 


53,169 


89,528 


9,349 


14,593 


208,985 


7,176 


3,891 




D 


235,382 


4,883.0 


62,560.9 118,270.6 


9,908.7 


3,277.0 


17,949.1 


18,532.4 


55,134 


98,085 


9,773 


15,473 


225,992 


5,719 


2,772 


1977 


J 


211,850 


4,484.8 


57,684.3 105,744.7 


8,553.1 


2,9002 


16,002.7 


16,480 4 


49,476 


87,385 


8,447 


13,800 


203,119 


5,417 


3,315 




F 


202,163 


4,723.0 


53,718.5 102,241.2 


8,049 7 


2,767.3 


14,991.5 


15,671.2 


45,750 


84,660 


7,944 


13,561 


193,251 


5,498 


3,414 




M 


233,063 


5,530.1 


62,293.0 116,970.1 


9,4240 


3,060.0 


17,444.1 


18,341.3 


52,613 


96,749 


9,301 


15,323 


223,450 


5,815 


3.797 




A 


220,088 


5,029.1 


59,256.1 109,813.0 


8,679.3 


3,295.7 


17,034.6 


16,979 9 


50,483 


91,357 


8,557 


14,202 


211,401 


5,237 


3,449 




M 


230,810 


5,325.3 


58.448.6 119,977.3 


9,2820 


4,052.8 


16,149.7 


17,574.8 


50,541 


100,864 


9,147 


14,450 


219,413 


7,144 


4,253 




J 


233,766 


5,108.1 


59,376.0 120,459.4 


10,238.7 


3,333.3 


17,672.3 


17,578.2 


51,603 


101,701 


10,100 


14,624 


222,500 


6,924 


4,342 




J 


221,776 


4,854.7 


55,918.5 115,703.5 


8,753.0 


2,877.6 


16,018 5 


17,650.2 


48.034 


97,757 


8,612 


14,577 


211,547 


6,320 


3,909 




A 


225,533 


5,203.8 


59,975.2 112,607.4 


8,784.1 


3,084.1 


17,729.7 


18,148.3 


51,008 


95,279 


8,651 


14,451 


215,344 


6,198 


3,991 




S 


234,182 


5,116.0 


60,314.4 122,4285 


8,648.5 


2,808.4 


17,232.2 


1 7,634.4 


51,958 


105,144 


8,508 


14,821 


223.815 


6.224 


4,144 







225,645 


4,813.0 


59,763.8 116,718.8 


9,197 6 


3,024.9 


16,582.0 


15,544.7 


50,960 


98.751 


9,061 


12,444 


215,751 


6.085 


3,809 




N 


237,225 


5,306.5 


62,207.6 119,654.4 


8.849.0 


3,676 1 


19,695 7 


17,835 8 


53,770 


99.580 


8,695 


14,635 


224.567 


8.214 


4,444 




D 


242,208 


5,453.4 


60,897.9 126,249.7 


8,560.6 


3.243.3 


19.388.8 


18,414.3 


53,462 


107,472 


8,434 


15,118 


231,770 


6.310 


4,128 


1978 


J 


236,715 


5,707.4 


57,847.1 123,028 


8,632.5 


3,617.3 


20,277.9 


17,604.2 


49,770 


105,712 


8.509 


14,538 


226,527 


6,037 


4,151 




F 


214,041 


4,567.4 


52,281.8 113,032 


8,038 2 


2,8530 


17,051.4 


16,216.8 


44,882 


97,234 


7,931 


13,763 


204,117 


5,851 


4,072 




M 


246,731 


5,347.9 


61,596.4 128,191.8 


9,037.8 


3,304.3 


19,925.7 


19.327.0 


51.618 


110,974 


8,915 


15,858 


236,193 


6,328 


4,210 




A 


238,969 


5,186.4 


61,394.7 124,9742 


7,934 7 


4,141 4 


18,434 1 


16.903.7 


48,847 


108,335 


7.805 


14,000 


228,739 


6.272 


3,958 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 
M.C.D. 3 4 4 



1976 M 


200,356 


4,811.7 


53,077.6 100.645.7 


8,6955 


14,847 7 


15,814.3 


43,849 


83,950 


8,582 


13,240 


191,782 


5,203 


3,371 


J 


206,810 


4,5469 


54,903.8 105,014 


8,7796 


14,549.1 


16,038.5 


46,298 


88,895 


8,664 


13,570 


197.613 


5,754 


3,443 


J 


209,989 


5,414.9 


54,932.5 106,055.2 


8,874.9 


. 15,531.3 


17.148.7 


46,179 


89,100 


8,762 


13,913 


200.789 


5,638 


3,562 


A 


210,082 


5,109.8 


54,349.0 108,859 3 


8,800.2 


15,382.1 


15,935.9 


45,395 


91,036 


8.679 


13,274 


200,930 


5,606 


3,546 


S 


206,133 


4,902.6 


54,010.2 104,466.6 


8,8342 


14,107.0 


16,570.4 


46,639 


87,276 


8,726 


13,454 


197.322 


5,195 


3,616 


O 


208,974 


5,042.4 


54,289.6 104,478.3 


8,6750 


16,444.2 


16,516.6 


45,241 


86,234 


8.564 


13,601 


199,421 


5,606 


3,947 


N 


212,881 


4,690.4 


57,756.5 106,807 1 


8,837 7 


15,543.2 


16,969.6 


50,177 


89,255 


8.728 


14,343 


203,729 


5,536 


3,616 


D 


217,302 


4,703.1 


59,573.5 107,223.0 


9,125.7 


16.068.2 


16.963.0 


50,786 


88,312 


9.002 


14,386 


208.829 


5,720 


2,753 


1977 J 


218,226 


4,605.2 


59,751.3 110,482.5 


8,770.6 


16.016.9 


17,536 5 


53,384 


91,466 


8,650 


14,726 


208.767 


5.830 


3,629 


F 


221,961 


5,261.1 


59,112.9 111,946.2 


9,1059 


16,691.5 


17,307 2 


50,195 


92,358 


8,985 


14,601 


212.094 


6,122 


3,745 


M 


224,092 


5,146.5 


60,794.7 111,557.7 


9,175.0 


. 16,792.6 


17,638.1 


51,735 


92,216 


9,053 


14,792 


214,057 


6,188 


3,847 


A 


226,708 


5,257.7 


60,811.0 111,649.4 


9,2062 


. 16,698.1 


17,052 6 


52,931 


91,905 


9,071 


14,274 


217,223 


5,856 


3,629 


M 


226,466 


5,0280 


57,786.3 116,436.9 


9,537.0 


. 16,668.5 


17,647.1 


49,685 


98.280 


9.403 


14,239 


216,365 


6,141 


3,960 


J 


221,938 


5,0040 


55,453.9 115,379.2 


9,261.1 


. 17,210 8 


16.671.4 


48,173 


97,316 


9,124 


13,874 


211.499 


6,495 


3,944 


J 


225,898 


5,016.1 


57,722.6 117,322.0 


9.079.0 


. 16,355.7 


17,327 


49,528 


98.857 


8,937 


14,324 


215,317 


6,606 


3,975 


A 


225,457 


5,119.7 


57,864.9 116,087.0 


9,172.6 


. 17,165.2 


17,800.3 


49,719 


99,241 


9.044 


14,708 


215,191 


6,374 


3,892 


S 


237,835 


5,101.3 


61,081.9 125,002.6 


8,954.3 


. 17,555.1 


17,591 2 


52,124 


107,131 


8,821 


14,678 


227,365 


6,414 


4,056 


O 


235,140 


4,975.4 


62,614.0 120,771.5 


8,858.0 


. 17,859.2 


17,185.2 


51,862 


1 02,440 


8,727 


13,368 


224,542 


6,609 


3,989 


N 


230,932 


5.210.8 


59,267.0 117,773.5 


8,1906 


19,294.3 


17,213.5 


51,444 


98 990 


8,049 


14.415 


220,519 


6.331 


4,082 


D 


231,635 


5.384.0 


60,132.3 118,599.2 


8,0930 


. 1 7,999.2 


17,493 


51,231 


100,236 


7,973 


14.566 


220,805 


6,540 


4,290 


1978 J 


234,862 


5,635.1 


58,015.2 123,802.1 


8,515.6 


. 19,803.6 


17,878.8 


52,129 


106,227 


8,373 


14,791 


224,124 


6,293 


4,445 


F 


235,056 


5,099.5 


57,551.6 123,870.8 


9,130.4 


. 18,991.8 


17,912.0 


49,185 


106.143 


8,997 


14,830 


224,104 


6,494 


4,458 


M 


234,966 


4,970.3 


59,558.6 120,955.0 


8,918.2 


. 19,010.4 


18,593.5 


50,193 


104.821 


8,859 


15,339 


224,022 


6,662 


4,282 


A 


257,566 


5,606.2 


65,050.3 133,472.5 


8,682 4 


. 18,831.4 


17.567.8 


52,888 


114,843 


8,512 


14,633 


245.987 


7,354 


4,225 



Note: Components may not add to totals because rounding lThis series was designed to cover 50 clearing house centres With the advent ot centralized data processing, 
bank clearing houses have been eliminated The current allocation ot cheques cashed continues to reflect what had been the previous centres; however, this comparison may 
not remain valid through time Discussions are underway in an attempt to establish boundaries which would be more precisely defined 2Seasonally adiusted data for Sas- 
katchewan have been deleted because current data could not be satisfactorily adjusted 
Source: Cheques Cashed (61-001), Statistics Canada. 



129 



Section 13-Tables 5 and 6 

Table 5: Life insurance salesi by type and province (million dollars) 



July 1978 



























Total, 


Year 










Individual insurance 










group and 


and 
























wholesale 


month 


Total3 


Nfld. 


P.E.I. 


N.S. 


N.B. 


Que 


Ont. 


Man, 


Sask 


Alta. 


B.C. 


insurance 4 


D 


4309 


4310 


4311 


4312 


4313 


4314 


4315 


4316 


4317 


4318 


4319 


4320 


1976 


21,868.70 


194.64 


73.36 


529.97 


444.85 


6,884.67 


7,735.46 


886.97 


665.52 


1,976.12 


2,477.12 


15,356.7 


1977 


23.810.94 


239.34 


74.60 


580.43 


502.97 


7,174.31 


8.557.77 


989.98 


699.02 


2,293.49 


2,699.03 


13,892.7 


1976 A 


1,765.69 


16.24 


6.52 


40.91 


33.79 


57465 


611.38 


69.06 


56.93 


159.87 


196.34 


1,685.8 


M 


1,796.39 


13.65 


7.73 


46.07 


37.69 


556.24 


631.67 


76.00 


59.89 


161.26 


206 19 


869.9 


J 


1,968.73 


16.03 


6.92 


49.62 


38.56 


604.09 


726.15 


71.91 


58.59 


178.85 


218.01 


1,386.7 


J 


1,694.73 


15.19 


4.93 


42.57 


31.00 


538.73 


604 62 


66.66 


52.24 


155.63 


183.16 


808.1 


A 


1,670.65 


12.62 


5.17 


42.86 


35.95 


539.29 


569.02 


60.23 


55.56 


160.93 


189.02 


1,409.9 


S 


1,706.77 


13.51 


4.50 


39.38 


34.24 


560.58 


599.07 


68.41 


44.54 


144.60 


197.94 


1.105.7 





1,865.77 


18.22 


5.15 


44.98 


36.70 


599.89 


674.84 


76.85 


52.63 


164 26 


192.25 


794.3 


N 


2,175.86 


22.67 


7.30 


51.57 


43.59 


685.98 


769.83 


91.46 


70.87 


190.48 


242.11 


1,716.8 


D 


2,119.88 


21.05 


8.12 


46.40 


45.48 


661.94 


732.52 


85.75 


60.98 


191.98 


265.66 


2.307.2 


1977 J 


1.481 14 


9.57 


4.76 


3699 


29.43 


432 14 


527.04 


64.61 


51.24 


148 37 


176.99 


756.9 


F 


1,722.35 


17.18 


5.51 


43.84 


4053 


527 55 


587.55 


6960 


58.74 


166.94 


204.91 


1.182.3 


M 


2,086.89 


18.23 


7.12 


51.19 


4601 


653.90 


732.74 


85.89 


55.99 


204.09 


231.73 


1.019.8 


A 


1,812.96 


19.70 


5.43 


4370 


32.29 


555.56 


625.71 


8668 


6243 


179.29 


202.17 


691.9 


M 


2,018.47 


22.57 


6.68 


4908 


39.08 


584.65 


737.58 


81 16 


57.74 


206.30 


233.63 


973.3 


J 


2,160.48 


20.14 


7.20 


59.14 


4242 


623.47 


770.92 


9684 


64.32 


220.21 


255.82 


1,533.5 


J 


1,811.96 


21.93 


5.38 


48.11 


3628 


533.38 


668.58 


77.97 


5399 


167.09 


199.25 


1,332.6 


A 


1,870.48 


17.30 


560 


41.19 


39.12 


551.20 


692.50 


77.20 


52.15 


185.83 


208.39 


1.296.9 


S 


1,901.18 


17.71 


4.02 


43.74 


43.13 


573.87 


70292 


75.34 


4856 


181.71 


210.18 


1,337.8 


O 


2,122.25 


24.56 


7.25 


49.49 


4720 


649.60 


778.21 


89.79 


57.44 


194 73 


223.98 


1,175.6 


N 


2.501.83 


26.86 


8.91 


62.51 


51 89 


726.52 


942.32 


98 13 


7360 


239.16 


271.93 


1,182.9 


D 


2,320.95 


23.59 


6.74 


51.45 


55.59 


762.47 


791.70 


86.77 


6282 


199.77 


280.05 


1.409.2 


1978 J 


1,745 22 


20.29 


443 


4234 


34.79 


491.55 


627.02 


68.55 


56.10 


187.70 


212.45 


1.209.8 


F 


1,961.02 


19.74 


7.63 


46.13 


41.01 


598.40 


704.40 


78.85 


61 46 


190.35 


213.05 


1.852.9 


M 


2.313.74 


24.46 


7.58 


5542 


52.72 


69679 


821.44 


91 04 


71.60 


235.37 


257.31 


1,961.2 



'Excluding revivals, increases, dividend additions, reinsurance acquired, credit insurance and pension bonds without insurance Value totals are estimates projected from the 
sales reported by companies operating in Canada representing over 80% of new ordinary and of new group contracts 2Total new settled-for ordinary sales in Canada 3Total 
sales figure does not include sales for Northwest Territories 4|jnder new or amended contracts. 
Source: Monthly Survey of Life Insurance Sales in Canada, Life Insurance Marketing and Research Association, Hartford, Connecticut, U.S.A. 



Table 6: Benefit payments of all life insurance companies (million dollars) 









Under life 


insurance 








Total 


oavments to 










Disability 








Under 


policyholders and beneficiaries 


Year 




Death and 


benefits 






Dividends 


annuities 










All 






quarters 


Total 


death claims 


payments) 


endowments 


values 


holders 


Total 


policies 


Individual! 


Group 


D 


4344 


4345 


4346 


4347 


4348 


4349 


4350 


4343 


4351 


4352 


1976 


1,508.40 


764.29 


31.38 


86.77 


307.61 


318.35 


65905 


2.167.46 


1,331.57 


835.88 


1977 


1,651 30 


82350 


3661 


8225 


318 74 


39020 


73953 


2.390 83 


1.421 75 


969 09 


1974 1 


318.24 


150 68 


5.30 


20 10 


64 83 


77 33 


103 54 


421 77 


25428 


167 50 


2 


318.49 


147.27 


6.12 


2087 


71.00 


7323 


8956 


40806 


25264 


155 42 


3 


308.44 


150.08 


4.48 


18 89 


67 54 


67.45 


103.48 


411 92 


251.85 


160.07 


4 


343.82 


165 68 


7.27 


19 76 


6596 


85 16 


96 00 


43982 


25992 


179 91 


1975 1 


35392 


167 36 


6.24 


20.69 


74.18 


85.46 


122 22 


476.14 


281 70 


194.45 


2 


355.59 


1 70.43 


5.74 


2024 


85.52 


73.66 


110 93 


46652 


259.87 


20656 


3 


331 96 


177.12 


6.25 


18 62 


5094 


7903 


109 63 


441 59 


265 19 


176.39 


4 


372.98 


185 08 


782 


2233 


6023 


97.52 


143 15 


51613 


306 79 


209 34 


1976 1 


402.25 


19622 


5.97 


23.16 


8604 


9086 


177 09 


579.35 


351 07 


22828 


2 


309.43 


132.25 


853 


21 42 


62.96 


84.27 


129 10 


438.53 


24999 


188 53 


3 


385.32 


216.42 


8.21 


17 63 


72.93 


70 13 


122.51 


507 83 


309.76 


198 09 


4 


411.40 


21940 


867 


24 56 


8568 


7309 


230.35 


641 75 


420.75 


220.98 


1977 1 


399.77 


199.72 


8.03 


21 02 


8887 


82.13 


228.70 


62847 


37741 


251.06 


2 


428.99 


20349 


985 


2053 


8353 


111 59 


161.16 


590 15 


35136 


23879 


3 


378.52 


198.80 


933 


17.91 


6958 


82.90 


169.95 


54847 


31782 


23066 


4 


444 02 


221 49 


940 


22.79 


7676 


113.58 


179 72 


62374 


375.16 


24858 



Note: Components may not add to totals due to rounding 
Source: The Canadian Life Insurance Association. 



1 Includes ordinary and industrial 



130 



July 1978 

Table 7: Security issues and retirements (par values in million Canadian dollars) 



Section 13-Table 7 













Direct and 


guaranteed securities 














Government of Canada 








Provinces3 






Municipalities3 








Funded debt' 




issues? 


Retirements? 




Year 


Gross 

new issues 
delivered 4 


Net 
Retirements new issues 4 


Gross 

new issues 

delivered 


Retirements 




and 
quarter 


Direct 
outstanding 


Guaranteed 


Total 
outstanding New 


Net 
new issues 


B 


2402 


2401 


2400 


2491 


2494 


3004 


3026 


3048 


3007 


3029 


3051 


1976 
1977 


41,578 

49,673 


574 
498 


42,152 
50,172 


3,950 
5,800 


2,124 
1,932 


10,026 
8,064 


1,045 
1,307 


8,981 
6,758 


1,596 
1,514 


357 
333 


1,239 
1,180 


1974 2 
3 
4 


29,033 
29,067 
33,351 


603 
603 
596 


29,636 
29,670 
33,947 


1,150 
250 
900 


856 

44 

723 


1,109 
1,090 
1,681 


217 
247 
363 


891 

843 

1,318 


222 

93 
292 


81 
63 

115 


140 

30 

177 


1975 1 
2 
3 

4 


33,104 
33,203 
33,821 
37,337 


596 
590 
590 
583 


33,700 
33,793 
34,411 
37,920 


525 

1,000 
875 


8 
432 
464 
772 


1,658 
2,237 
1,382 
2,686 


406 
251 
265 
290 


1,253 
1,985 
1,117 
2,397 


288 
273 
418 
438 


54 

83 

55 

105 


234 
190 
363 
333 


1976 1 
2 
3 
4 


37,717 
38,333 
38,868 
41,578 


583 
583 
583 
574 


38,299 
38,916 
39,451 
42,152 


550 
1,300 

700 
1,400 


161 
809 
349 
805 


3,192 
2,373 
2,200 
2,261 


237 
185 
257 
366 


2,956 
2,186 
1,944 
1,895 


511 
288 
384 
413 


83 
95 
99 
80 


428 
193 
285 
333 


1977 1 
2 
3 
4 


42,555 
43,797 
45,097 
49,673 


574 
505 
505 
498 


43,129 
44,302 
45,602 
50,172 


850 
1,550 
2,000 
1,400 


30 

745 

1,149 

8 


2,462 
1,895 
2,150 
1,557 


370 
347 
229 
361 


2,092 
1,548 
1,922 
1,196 


372 
295 
347 
500 


74 
88 
92 
79 


298 
207 
254 
421 



1978 1 



1,183 



218 



965 



221 



78 



143 





Corporate bonds3 




Other bonds and debentures3.5 


Preferred stocks3 




Common stocks3 






Gross 






Gross 






Gross 






Gross 






Year 


new 




Net 


new 




Net 


new 




Net 


new 




Net 


and 


issues 




new 


issues 




new 


issues 




new 


issues 




new 


quarter 


delivered 


Retirements 


issues 


delivered 


Retirements 


issues 


delivered 


Retirements 


issues 


delivered 


Retirements 


issues 


B 


3010 


3032 


3054 


3019 


3041 


3063 


3013 


3035 


3057 


3016 


3038 


3060 


1976 


5,161 


1,237 


3,922 


105 


70 


35 


660 


52 


616 


599 


8 


590 


1977 


5,670 


973 


4,679 


117 


55 


63 


2.060 


32 


2,028 


572 


- 


569 


1974 2 


819 


259 


560 


14 


5 


9 


64 


8 


56 


80 


. 


80 


3 


603 


212 


391 


19 


5 


14 


82 


8 


74 


46 


- 


46 


4 


929 


386 


543 


41 


15 


26 


194 


8 


186 


147 


- 


147 


1975 1 


1,102 


225 


877 


87 


15 


71 


108 


9 


99 


72 


. 


70 


2 


1,300 


342 


959 


12 


7 


4 


335 


4 


331 


135 


7 


128 


3 


727 


242 


486 


15 


3 


12 


66 


4 


62 


118 


- 


117 


4 


898 


382 


515 


38 


5 


33 


257 


6 


251 


173 


- 


173 


1976 1 


1,430 


287 


1,141 


26 


11 


15 


154 


12 


145 


108 


1 


107 


2 


1,377 


432 


945 


39 


28 


11 


205 


12 


196 


81 


1 


79 


3 


1,193 


205 


988 


24 


9 


15 


131 


16 


115 


247 


1 


246 


4 


1,161 


313 


848 


16 


22 


-6 


170 


12 


160 


163 


5 


158 


1977 1 


1,583 


218 


1,366 


40 


21 


20 


87 


8 


79 


52 


. 


51 


2 


1,706 


365 


1,341 


31 


13 


18 


971 


9 


962 


147 


- 


146 


3 


1,056 


122 


933 


18 


11 


7 


431 


8 


423 


66 


- 


66 


4 


1,325 


268 


1,039 


28 


10 


18 


571 


7 


564 


307 


- 


306 



1978 1 



1,396 



158 



1,238 



16 



12 



958 



958 



Note: Components may not add to totals due to partial revisions. 

'End of period 2Excluding Treasury Bills, Canada Savings Bonds and other non-market issues 3Figures are sub|ect to revision Series cover all publicly announced issues 

and some private placements not publicly announced. Notes with an original term to maturity of over one year. includes Canadian Pension Plan series bonds issued by the 

provinces and their agencies and purchased by the C P.P. Investment Fund. ^Consists of issues of Canadian religious and other institutions and Canadian dollar issues of 

foreign debtors 6Allowance for the take-over of Nova Scotia Light & Power common shares 

Source: Bank of Canada Review. 



131 



Sect 


on 


13-Tat 


)le 8 


























Ju 


y 1978 


Table 8 


: Index 


numbers 


of security pricesi (1971 = 100), based 


on the 


1970 standard 


industrial classification 












Preferred 
















Industrials (common 


stocks) 




















Alco- 






Printing 




















slock 


Investors 




In- 




holics 


Textiles 


Pulp 


and 




Metal 


Non- 










Year 




index 


mdex3 




dustrial 




beve- 


and 


and 


publish- 


Primary 


fabri- 


metallic 


Petro- 


Chemi- 


Con- 


Retail 


and 




total 28 


134 


Total 85 


mmes4 


Foods 


rages 


clothing 


paper 


ing 


metals 


cating 


minerals 


leum 


cals 


struction 


trade 


month 




stocks 


stocksl 


stocks 


(6) 


(9) 


(5) 


(3) 


(7) 


(5) 


(4) 


(9) 


(4) 


(8) 


(5) 


(5) 


(5) 




D 


601191 


601160 


601161 


601168 


601162 


601163 


601164 


601165 


601166 


601167 


601169 


601170 


601171 


601172 


601173 


601174 


1976 




90.1 


106.2 


108.5 


94.5 


90.2 


84.1 


133.0 


146.5 


121.6 


119.9 


209.8 


100.6 


99.4 


130.6 


204.6 


93.8 


1977 




96.9 


100.2 


97.2 


82.7 


89.4 


77.0 


116.1 


122.4 


95.6 


105.5 


186.2 


88.2 


97.8 


107.2 


244.3 


79.5 


1976 


J 


91.0 


108.1 


111.5 


100.7 


89.0 


82.1 


137.2 


146.8 


118.4 


122.7 


2227 


103.6 


102.6 


129.8 


206.0 


93.0 




A 


90.3 


107.8 


109.6 


101.0 


870 


79.7 


137.1 


148.5 


119.5 


118.5 


221.3 


101.7 


97.1 


126.5 


200.8 


90.0 




S 


91.9 


107.4 


108.2 


986 


86.2 


80.4 


135.2 


1546 


109.7 


118.4 


214.4 


100.5 


948 


129.9 


208.9 


89.0 




O 


90.5 


102.1 


101.7 


91.7 


84.4 


81.1 


127.3 


143.2 


100.7 


116.1 


193.1 


94.5 


890 


123 6 


2005 


84.9 




N 


88.5 


97.9 


97.2 


87.4 


81.2 


75.9 


120.4 


132.3 


101.0 


106.4 


186.0 


922 


87.4 


109.4 


198.4 


82.1 




D 


88.0 


97.0 


96.4 


86.5 


79.8 


74.6 


114.5 


129 9 


103.1 


103.4 


184.6 


84.6 


89.0 


104 4 


2040 


79.2 


1977 


J 


90.5 


100.3 


100.0 


91.6 


84.1 


77.6 


113.7 


131.8 


104.1 


105.2 


182.4 


84.8 


94.2 


109.5 


213.9 


81.5 




F 


90.4 


101.1 


101.0 


93.3 


84.6 


788 


114.2 


127.7 


988 


104.7 


180 6 


84.7 


100.0 


107.6 


219.5 


79.3 




M 


93.4 


102 6 


102.9 


96.1 


83.7 


80.2 


113.9 


136 


103.1 


107.6 


181.7 


85.8 


988 


109.9 


221.5 


80.0 




A 


93.4 


101.2 


101.4 


93.8 


85.1 


77.9 


110.2 


133.7 


100.6 


106 4 


183.7 


87.4 


96.9 


107.5 


2236 


81.1 




M 


96.3 


99.7 


98.6 


90.0 


86.2 


73.2 


111.3 


1252 


97.7 


103 8 


197.7 


87.0 


93.5 


105.1 


235 1 


78.4 




J 


98.3 


100 6 


97.7 


87.1 


86.2 


74.1 


112.1 


119 6 


94.1 


107.3 


193 


87.5 


95.4 


105.3 


2399 


78.5 




J 


101.4 


103.8 


99.6 


84.3 


91.2 


77.6 


116.3 


121.7 


92.6 


111.8 


199 2 


91.4 


101.2 


111.2 


256.4 


■ 80.1 




A 


101.6 


102.2 


97.5 


79.1 


92.2 


766 


121.6 


124.9 


91.4 


109.0 


193.3 


91.6 


100 4 


110.1 


257.6 


78.9 




S 


101.0 


98.5 


93.3 


73.8 


90.8 


73.5 


120.7 


116.9 


91.2 


106.7 


180.3 


889 


96.6 


109.5 


257.1 


78.6 




O 


101.2 


96.2 


90.9 


70.2 


93.7 


75.3 


114.7 


109.2 


88.5 


104.1 


179.7 


87.6 


948 


107.1 


261.1 


77.0 




N 


97.5 


95.9 


899 


65.1 


960 


78.2 


120 9 


110.0 


894 


98.6 


182.0 


883 


968 


102.0 


263.3 


78.4 




D 


97.8 


100.0 


93.8 


67.4 


99.5 


80.8 


123.8 


112.2 


95.3 


101.2 


181.0 


92.9 


104.8 


101.8 


2820 


82.0 


1978 


J 


94 7 


97.9 


92.0 


66.3 


996 


79.6 


120.9 


111.7 


93 1 


97.8 


172.7 


96.7 


102.7 


101.5 


275.5 


79.3 




F 


94.7 


97.0 


906 


63.2 


100.7 


81.5 


122.2 


115.1 


95.2 


98.5 


165.3 


98.1 


98.9 


104 


271.7 


79.7 




M 


97.7 


99.1 


92.5 


63.9 


106.0 


86.8 


128.3 


121.1 


102 9 


101.8 


159.3 


986 


99.6 


106.5 


2704 


806 




A 


98.2 


104.0 


98.1 


70.5 


108.6 


90.6 


137.1 


133 8 


104.5 


106 


169.1 


101.6 


103 3 


109 5 


279.5 


85.2 




M 


100.5 


106.6 


100 


73.7 


113.1 


93.5 


142.5 


138 8 


108.0 


109 8 


177.0 


104.3 


97.9 


111.7 


295 1 


884 




J 


102.5 


108.8 


101.6 


74.0 


115.4 


93.7 


154.1 


139.1 


115.0 


112.2 


180 6 


111.1 


97.7 


115.4 


309.9 


92.3 










Utilities (common stocks) 




















Supplementary 




















Finanr 


M 


ning index6 
nmon stock 




indexes 


















Radio 










(cor 


s) 














Trans- 


Tele- 


Electric 


Gas 

distri- 


and TV 
broad- 






Invest- 
ment 


Insur- 










Primary 
oils 


Year 




Base 




and 




Total 28 


Pipeline 


portation 


phone 


power 


bution 


casting 


Total 21 


Banks 


and loan 


ance 


Total 17 


metals 


Golds 


Uranium 


and gas 


montr 




stocks' 


(5) 


(6) 


(4) 


(3) 


(5) 


(5) 


stocksl 


(8) 


(9) 


(4) 


stocks 


(5) 


(9) 


(2) 


(5) 




D 


601175 


601177 


601176 


601179 


601180 


601181 


601178 


601182 


601183 


601184 


601185 


601186 


601188 


601187 


601189 


601190 


1976 




91.3 


78.1 


124 4 


94.2 


107.9 


683 


106 6 


117.6 


122.8 


107 


963 


102.4 


73.1 


163.7 


212.7 


103.5 


1977 




100.3 


890 


130.1 


103 6 


126.3 


776 


103 2 


114.6 


116 7 


108 9 


113 2 


113.0 


640 


215.3 


178.5 


113.0 


1976 J 


92.6 


77.3 


1328 


94.6 


107.1 


68.0 


108.4 


1147 


119 9 


103.7 


950 


1037 


764 


160 8 


2296 


111.8 




A 


94.4 


80.6 


132.1 


96.4 


1080 


697 


110 5 


119.0 


126 2 


103 


95 8 


989 


77 1 


1442 


2238 


1111 




S 


96.2 


83.1 


130.2 


100 4 


1098 


71 6 


110.4 


1207 


128 5 


103 8 


952 


98 7 


762 


1455 


221 


104.5 




O 


93.4 


80.7 


123 5 


99.2 


112.7 


684 


1075 


117 2 


124 1 


102.7 


92.0 


962 


707 


1494 


204 4 


93.7 




N 


89.7 


77.2 


116.4 


96.0 


111.3 


664 


102.4 


113 5 


119 6 


100.4 


906 


100 7 


666 


171.8 


181 9 


94.4 




D 


900 


78.5 


117.0 


94 .1 


116.9 


680 


97.8 


110.6 


1157 


99 6 


92.7 


994 


606 


180 4 


189 8 


998 


1977 


J 


92.7 


80.8 


121.0 


95.5 


120.4 


72.0 


100 2 


113 3 


1176 


1043 


973 


100 8 


642 


177.0 


190 8 


105.7 




F 


936 


80.6 


122 6 


966 


122 5 


72.5 


104 3 


112.7 


1160 


106 4 


98.2 


107 


664 


191 8 


184.4 


104 6 




M 


94.7 


82.0 


126 5 


97.5 


1220 


72.1 


101.6 


112 5 


1150 


107 1 


104 5 


115.3 


682 


2136 


182.0 


1028 




A 


95.1 


83.8 


126 7 


97.8 


118.5 


71 9 


98.1 


1094 


112 


102 6 


106 2 


112 4 


67 4 


206.4 


179 6 


105 2 




M 


97.9 


87.3 


130.5 


100 1 


120.8 


74.4 


974 


107.9 


109.7 


103 3 


1060 


110.7 


674 


201 


186 1 


104 9 




J 


101.4 


90.8 


134 6 


104.7 


124.4 


76.5 


985 


1137 


116.3 


107.5 


106 9 


106 5 


656 


192 


180.2 


1090 




J 


106.1 


956 


1384 


109.4 


130 


81 


104 5 


121 1 


124.3 


113.0 


116.2 


114 7 


68.5 


211.1 


182 3 


117.1 




A 


105.6 


95.1 


139.1 


108 2 


127.8 


806 


106 1 


120 4 


122 6 


113.9 


121.2 


115.5 


670 


216 8 


181.6 


116.8 




S 


1038 


94.2 


134.6 


107 1 


124 8 


78.5 


1079 


116 


117.1 


111.0 


125.5 


115 9 


63.4 


225.5 


172.1 


114.6 




O 


102.4 


928 


127.1 


106.7 


1320 


793 


106 6 


113.1 


113.7 


1098 


120 8 


121 3 


61 2 


2466 


167 8 


116.7 




N 


103.4 


91.5 


128.8 


108.5 


1332 


829 


105.1 


1140 


114.8 


109.7 


123 9 


116 2 


55.2 


243.5 


161 


122 4 




D 


106.5 


936 


131.1 


110 8 


1386 


890 


108 4 


120 8 


121.2 


117.8 


131 4 


119 9 


539 


2578 


173 9 


136.2 


1978 


J 


103.4 


90.2 


126 8 


107.8 


136.2 


865 


107.2 


118.9 


118.9 


116.5 


131 4 


1288 


544 


284 1 


180 8 


131 4 




F 


102 2 


89.0 


126.5 


1073 


1330 


839 


106 7 


121 


121.7 


116 


1364 


124.9 


51 8 


2776 


183 4 


1286 




M 


103.7 


889 


128 2 


109 4 


138.9 


850 


1126 


125 4 


126 5 


118.5 


1443 


121 1 


49 7 


270 1 


191 5 


1349 




A 


106.2 


90.5 


133.0 


110 4 


1400 


876 


119 9 


130 1 


131 1 


122.1 


154.9 


118.9 


52.6 


2572 


2174 


1399 




M 


108.9 


91.5 


140.5 


114.1 


141.3 


872 


125.1 


135.7 


1353 


129.6 


171 8 


125.2 


562 


269 1 


216.3 


135 1 




J 


1107 


92.7 


142.3 


116 


1435 


884 


1328 


141.8 


1424 


132.7 


180 


132.7 


595 


2855 


2300 


1352 



'The number of stocks included has varied over the period the totals shown in the column headings represent the current coverage ?The headings for base metals" and 
"industrial mines" are not found in the Standard Industrial Classification 3Combines the industrials, utilities and finance common stocks 4 Stocks included in industrial 
mines are listed on the exchanges as industrials Their operations include smelting and refining ^includes also the machinery industries (except electrical machinery) and 
the transportation equipment industries ^Stocks included in the mining index are for producing mines 
Source: Industry Price Indexes (62-011). Statistics Canada. 



132 



July 1978 

Table 9: Stock exchange statistics 



Section 13-Tables 9 and 10 















Toronto stock 


exchange 
















































Shares traded 




Value 


of shares traded 




Three 

month 


Long-term 
government 














Combined 


shares 


Indus- 


Mining 


Combined 


Indus- 


Mining 


Combined 


treasury 


of Canada 


Dividend 


Year 
and 




volume 


traded 


trials 


and oils 


volume 


trials 


and oils 


value 


bill yieldl 


bond yield 


payments 




Million 


















Million 


montf 




Thousands 


dollars 




Thousands 




Million dollars 




Percentage 


dollars 




D 


4551 


4552 


4555 


4556 


4557 


4558 


4559 


4560 


B14001 


B14013 


4563 


1976 




119,011 


1,479.5 


293,315 


255,889 


549,204 


4,141.2 


952.0 


5,093.2 


8.89 


9.18 


2,686.21 


1977 




103.588 


1,374.3 


334,079 


345,740 


679,820 


4,619.4 


1,425.1 


6,044.5 


7.35 


8.70 


2,645.17 


1976 


J 


7,249 


99.4 


18,662 


16,732 


35,394 


2920 


69.7 


361.7 


9.02 


9.37 


299.29 




A 


7,458 


101.2 


18,467 


13.944 


32,411 


289.1 


63.1 


352.2 


9.12 


9.24 


113.64 




S 


8,762 


112.9 


21,349 


17,273 


38,622 


308.5 


64.6 


373.1 


8.97 


9.16 


233.44 







6,312 


75.1 


16,776 


13,992 


30,768 


2342 


47.5 


281 7 


9.07 


9.09 


24839 




N 


8,188 


105.9 


22,219 


1 7,674 


39,893 


311.6 


60.7 


372.3 


8.88 


882 


112.14 




D 


8,095 


86.8 


25,231 


20,245 


45,476 


322.2 


69.1 


391.3 


8.41 


8.47 


393.87 


1977 


J 


7,867 


107.6 


19,643 


20,185 


39,828 


274.6 


85.3 


3599 


8.08 


8.52 


333.35 




F 


8,867 


129.7 


22,394 


17,590 


39,984 


319.2 


72.9 


392.1 


7.67 


6.62 


9479 




M 


9,041 


119.3 


26,425 


24,081 


50,506 


365.1 


109.4 


474.5 


7.61 


8.83 


255.55 




A 


7,710 


1093 


21,745 


16,050 


37,795 


306.9 


64.2 


371.1 


7.55 


8.85 


107.13 




M 


7,599 


118.8 


29,720 


16,907 


46,627 


416.1 


67.2 


483.3 


7.26 


8.77 


104.31 




J 


8,142 


120 9 


29,314 


1 9.687 


49,001 


426.5 


96.8 


523.3 


7.07 


8.72 


328.84 




J 


8,973 


132.9 


33.662 


22,545 


56,207 


468.0 


125.9 


593.9 


7.12 


8.70 


313.32 




A 


9,413 


113.4 


25,067 


20,511 


45,578 


3369 


105.9 


4428 


7.16 


8.57 


112.99 




S 


9,353 


106 6 


29,202 


26,088 


55,290 


373.3 


115.2 


488.5 


709 


8.61 


270.45 




O 


8,147 


90.7 


26,418 


44,627 


71,046 


363.9 


142.3 


506.2 


7.19 


8.70 


263.75 




N 


9.599 


119.8 


34,579 


52,770 


87,349 


4548 


214.1 


6689 


7.25 


8.74 


107.83 




D 


8,877 


105.3 


35,910 


64,699 


100,609 


514.1 


225.9 


7400 


7.18 


8.77 


352.86 


1978 J 


7,386 


92.9 


29.091 


37,788 


66,879 


4248 


171.3 


596.1 


7.14 


9.06 






F 


10,215 


133.7 


30,136 


31,203 


61,339 


449.7 


142.5 


592.2 


7.24 


9.15 






M 


10,118 


121.4 


35,062 


29,814 


64,876 


517.7 


154.5 


6722 


7.62 


9.17 






A 


8,398 


120.7 


41.223 


38,677 


79,900 


5999 


177.2 


777.1 


8.18 


9.22 






M 


12,969 


149.7 


55,684 


36.009 


91,693 


685.2 


187.4 


8726 


8.13 


9.23 






J 


13.620 


147.5 


52,243 


34,829 


87,072 


695.4 


181.7 


877.1 









Note: Components may not add to totals due to rounding differences. 'Average of weekly rates. 2as reported by Financial Post 

Sources: Monthly Review, Montreal and Canadian Stock Exchanges; Toronto Stock Exchange Review; Bank of Canada Review and Financial Post. 

Table 10: Commercial failures and liabilities^ 

























Liabilities? (thousand dollars) 








































Year 


























Manu- 








and 








Western 


Manu- 


Cons- 












Western 


fac- 


Cons- 






month 


Total 


Quebec 


Ontario 


prov. 


facturing 


truction 


Trade 


Services 


Total 


Quebec 


Ontario 


prov. 


turing 


truction 


Trade 


Services 


D 


4125 


4126 


4127 


4128 


4129 


4130 


4131 


4132 


4133 


4134 


4135 


4136 


4137 


4138 


4139 


4140 


1976 


2,687 


943 


1,308 


394 


253 


506 


1,102 


5181,220,895 


159,018 


153,018 


67,104 


926,370 


75,831 


118,065 


60,121 


1977 


3,745 


1,362 


1,668 


671 


349 


777 


1,531 


724 


663.557 


358,841 


197.734 


90.971 


198.585 


139.558 


202,132 


79,724 


1976 A 


202 


61 


109 


28 


23 


39 


76 


42 


24,247 


7,334 


11.050 


5.685 


3,991 


5.509 


6.780 


4,652 


M 


196 


84 


87 


20 


18 


37 


78 


42 


24,005 


9,067 


12.665 


1.581 


2,518 


3,373 


10,220 


6,434 


J 


224 


62 


118 


35 


22 


30 


105 


39 


27,422 


8,898 


14,274 


1,607 


2,969 


3,823 


11,482 


3.907 


J 


166 


57 


83 


25 


23 


35 


44 


34 


39,811 


26.699 


7,346 


4,732 


25,508 


1,995 


4,471 


3.875 


A 


239 


101 


109 


27 


27 


40 


91 


49 


28,950 


10.798 


13.487 


4,321 


8.319 


3,148 


9,353 


4,686 


S 


217 


73 


104 


40 


12 


38 


98 


43 


22,791 


5.897 


10,259 


6,635 


8,519 


1,988 


8,288 


2,672 


O 


219 


71 


108 


29 


20 


47 


86 


47 


33,346 


18,024 


9.204 


2,170 


12,726 


5,378 


6.163 


7,480 


N 


289 


107 


139 


43 


35 


59 


116 


51 


65.933 


32,603 


25.905 


7,426 


19,869 


22,487 


14.941 


6,741 


D 


253 


75 


130 


46 


25 


53 


109 


42 


32,949 


7,211 


13.204 


12,469 


2,611 


4,424 


17,418 


5,995 


1977 J 


283 


127 


115 


41 


26 


45 


136 


49 


30,414 


13,413 


12,144 


4,858 


3,265 


7,056 


10,187 


4,335 


F 


329 


114 


152 


71 


26 


61 


133 


62 


46,029 


19,925 


19,046 


6.919 


10,981 


5,018 


14,571 


6,832 


M 


351 


111 


180 


56 


23 


71 


150 


59 


56,645 


33,192 


16,367 


5.665 


28,137 


6,601 


13,658 


4,579 


A 


299 


114 


125 


54 


34 


64 


126 


51 


42,776 


21,670 


12,678 


8.059 


12,081 


7,680 


15,847 


5,076 


M 


312 


84 


142 


78 


27 


68 


145 


50 


41,593 


8,813 


22,794 


8,163 


6,390 


8,296 


14,222 


11,396 


J 


277 


94 


123 


52 


43 


51 


105 


55 


129,205 


98,625 


19.621 


9,070 


97,306 


5,824 


18,658 


5,890 


J 


231 


80 


103 


46 


21 


57 


101 


40 


81,265 


58,761 


1 1 ,049 


7,345 


3,510 


35,435 


36,050 


5,228 


A 


296 


105 


139 


47 


29 


69 


118 


49 


39,143 


21,343 


10,550 


6,184 


2,921 


1 6,720 


8,706 


4,016 


S 


317 


118 


144 


47 


27 


76 


125 


58 


67,519 


22,792 


30,019 


1 4,044 


1 5,559 


12,548 


28,638 


7,951 


O 


343 


127 


158 


54 


39 


62 


126 


79 


42,079 


18,015 


17,044 


4,980 


7,463 


9.376 


13,119 


7,249 


N 


398 


149 


178 


69 


31 


80 


159 


88 


44,179 


1 7,558 


17,347 


9,039 


6,286 


10,165 


16,011 


8,214 


D 


309 


139 


109 


56 


23 


73 


107 


84 


42,710 


24,734 


9,075 


6,645 


4,686 


14,839 


12,465 


8,958 


1978 J 


433 


160 


178 


86 


60 


83 


170 


82 


91,067 


49,031 


32,399 


9,217 


22,199 


19,784 


32,937 


13,407 


F 


415 


163 


158 


88 


40 


93 


164 


87 


42,232 


19,631 


12,950 


9,385 


6,525 


11,184 


13,325 


7,169 


M 


425 


151 


196 


71 


36 


108 


161 


72 


52,010 


23,242 


20,489 


7,292 


6,074 


14,720 


15,393 


8,005 



iThe statistics of failures in this table are limited to those bankruptcies filed under Federal legislation (the Bankruptcy and Winding-Up Acts) and does not include failures, sales 
or seizures carried out under other legislation The figures for Atlantic provinces may be obtained by subtracting the sum of Quebec, Ontario. Prairie provinces and British 
Columbia from the total 2|n the Bankruptcy Act of 1949, provision is made for proposals from, insolvent persons Agreements made under this method are not included with 
the statistics of bankruptcies Liabilities of insolvent persons making proposals are not available 
Source: Commercial Failures (61-002) Quarterly, Statistics Canada. 



133 



Section 13-Tables 11 and 12 

Table 11: Federal government budgetary revenues' (million dollars) 



July 1978 









Taxes 
on 




























interest 


Excise 


taxes 






















Corpo- 


and divi- 














Return 


Miscel- 


Total 


Budgetary 


Fiscal 


Personal 


ration 


dends 




Other 




Custom 






on 


laneous 


budge- 


Surplus 


year or 


income 


income 


going 


Sales 


excise 


Excise 


import 


Estate 


Postal 


invest- 


non-tax 


tary 


or 


month 


lax 


tax 


abroad 


tax 


taxes2 


duties 


duties 


tax 


revenue 


ments 


revenues 


revenues 


deficit^ 


D 


4579 


4581 


4582 


4583 


4584 


4585 


4586 


4587 


4588 


4589 


4590 


4591 


4592 


1975-76 


12,708 


5,748 


482 


3,939 


1,501 


817 


1,887 


12 


443 


2,097 


322 


29,956 


-4,021 


1976-77 


14,620 


5,377 


451 


4,529 


1,146 


865 


2,097 


70 


615 


2,493 


387 


32,650 


-6,301 


1 976-77 M 


1,255.0 


404.0 


30.0 


341.0 


87.0 


49.0 


139.0 


44.0 


41.0 


79.0 


9.0 


2,478.0 


-188.0 


J 


1,001.0 


459.0 


25.0 


384.0 


115.0 


81.0 


180.0 


- 


43.0 


341.0 


19.0 


2,648.0 


-60.0 


J 


1,470.0 


470.0 


45.0 


4070 


109.0 


68.0 


165.0 


2.0 


40.0 


147.0 


14.0 


2,937.0 


-80.0 


A 


1,248.0 


368.0 


33.0 


395.0 


116.0 


65.0 


161.0 


- 


42.0 


98.0 


13.0 


2,539.0 


-491.0 


S 


1,169.0 


315.0 


21.0 


354.0 


89.0 


71.0 


182.0 


1.0 


29.0 


232.0 


16.0 


2,479.0 


-409.0 


O 


1,356.0 


350.0 


34.0 


381.0 


88.0 


75.0 


177.0 


- 


47.0 


114.0 


13.0 


2.635.0 


-297.0 


N 


1,322.0 


331.0 


43.0 


402.0 


99.0 


103.0 


195.0 


3.0 


42.0 


66.0 


14.0 


2,620.0 


-283.0 


D 


1,194.0 


362.0 


29.0 


409.0 


79.0 


640 


151 


- 


61.0 


353.0 


18.0 


2,720.0 


-340.0 


J 


1,848.0 


467.0 


86.0 


399.0 


84.0 


63.0 


151.0 


1.0 


77.0 


154.0 


23.0 


3,353.0 


382.0 


F 


1,089.0 


430.0 


39.0 


332.0 


96.0 


52.0 


155.0 


4.0 


71.0 


12.0 


15.0 


2,295.0 


-5300 


M 


761.0 


1,077.0 


32.0 


538.0 


132.0 


87.0 


258.0 


6.0 


84.0 


740.0 


221.0 


3.936.0 


-1,975.0 


1977-78 A 


896.0 


384.0 


39.0 


151.0 


18.0 


56.0 


148.0 


12.0 


45.0 


164.0 


15.0 


1,928.0 


-2,082.0 


M 


1,129.0 


424.0 


38.0 


431.0 


99.0 


75.0 


191.0 


33.0 


49.0 


104.0 


24.0 


2,597.0 


-149.0 


J 


6840 


453.0 


26.0 


4070 


67.0 


79.0 


198.0 


20 


60.0 


345.0 


23.0 


2,344.0 


-762.0 


J 


1,287.0 


501.0 


54.0 


327.0 


97.0 


80.0 


2440 


1.0 


54.0 


196.0 


22.0 


2,863.0 


-2990 


A 


1,205.0 


384.0 


36.0 


5640 


71.0 


57.0 


140.0 


2.0 


87.0 


121.0 


25.0 


2,692.0 


-565.0 


S 


1,063.0 


419.0 


230 


375.0 


73.0 


76.0 


182.0 


1.0 


560 


247.0 


34.0 


2.5490 


-572.0 


O 


1,346.0 


385.0 


37.0 


418.0 


70.0 


78.0 


197 


2.0 


60.0 


97.0 


23.0 


2,713.0 


-615.0 


N 


1,190.0 


408.0 


47.0 


495.0 


95.0 


104.0 


213.0 


30 


68.0 


94.0 


30.0 


2,747.0 


-5830 


D 


1,391.0 


386.0 


280 


433.0 


71.0 


800 


159 


2.0 


81.0 


435.0 


340 


3,100 


-549.0 


J 


1,685.0 


407.0 


86.0 


423.0 


88.0 


52.0 


201.0 


2.0 


62.0 


165.0 


- 


3,171.0 


-4360 


F 


8830 


402.0 


57.0 


365.0 


82.0 


61.0 


175.0 


1.0 


690 


45.0 


84.0 


2.224.0 


-1,2380 


M 


8070 


1,136.0 


28.0 


364.0 


65.0 


74.0 


2000 


2.0 


74.0 


451.0 


-370 


3.164.0 


-1.439.0 


1978-79 A 


7880 


2860 


34.0 


126.0 


56.0 


70.0 


163.0 


90 


65.0 


168.0 


15.0 


1.780.0 


-2,876.0 



lThis statement includes only receipts relating to budgetary revenue Excluded are non-budgetary revenues such as Old Age Security Fund taxes. Prairie Farm Assistance Act 
levies, employer and employee contributions to government-held funds {Unemployment Insurance, Superannuation etc), interest on government-held funds, and taxes collected 
on behalf of and transferred to other governments 2Beginmng in December 1973, this category includes oil export tax 3March includes supplementary payments arising 
from the closing of the accounts Sources: Department of Finance. 

Table 12: Budgetary expenditures by principal classes' (millions dollars) 









Fiscal 


National 


health 






















transfer & 


and welfare 






















contracting- 






















Department 




out 




Other 
















Fiscal 


of 


Public 


payments 




welfare 












Other 


Total 


year or 


national 


debt 


to 


Family 


disburse- 




Post 


Public 




Veterans 


depart- 


budgetary 


month 


defence 


charges 


provinces 


allowances 


ments 


Agriculture 


office 


works 


Transport 


affairs 


ments 


expenditures 


D 


5130 


5131 


5132 


5133 


5134 


5135 


5136 


5137 


5138 


5139 


5140 


5129 


1975-76 


2,973 


3,954 


2,667 


1.958 


7.773 


651 


913 


624 


1.185 


684 


10.596 


33,977 


1976-77 


3,365 


4.732 


3.356 


1.979 


8.973 


631 


1.104 


684 


1.314 


754 


12.059 


38.951 


1 976-77 M 


2220 


3840 


2550 


1630 


6890 


21 


84.0 


380 


71 


590 


6800 


2,666 


J 


3080 


3000 


237.0 


161.0 


6870 


250 


67.0 


51.0 


103.0 


61.0 


708 


2.708 


J 


2200 


4780 


211.0 


161.0 


7620 


55 


800 


51.0 


750 


590 


8650 


3,017 


A 


2620 


3930 


201 


162.0 


771.0 


470 


820 


53.0 


980 


620 


8990 


3,0300 


S 


2660 


3660 


193.0 


161.0 


725.0 


31.0 


110 


65.0 


970 


63.0 


811.0 


2,888 


O 


2450 


4390 


222.0 


161 


726.0 


123 


93.0 


57.0 


114 


620 


6900 


2.9320 


N 


2820 


3780 


201 


161.0 


763.0 


490 


87.0 


59.0 


102 


620 


7590 


2.903.0 


D 


2850 


4230 


353.0 


160.0 


7440 


580 


890 


53.0 


940 


650 


7360 


3.0600 


J 


291.0 


3860 


194.0 


176.0 


7320 


630 


107 


580 


920 


67.0 


8050 


2,971 


F 


251.0 


391 


233.0 


175.0 


7530 


440 


860 


57.0 


870 


65.0 


6830 


2,8250 


M 


557.0 


421.0 


856.0 


175 


1,087.0 


960 


1420 


118.0 


2730 


72.0 


2.114 


5.911 


1977-78 A 


184.0 


3820 


203.0 


175.0 


719.0 


220 


970 


24.0 


100 


67.0 


2.041 


4.0140 


M 


245.0 


4190 


2150 


174 


6860 


290 


870 


420 


890 


630 


6970 


2.746.0 


J 


271.0 


4500 


3140 


174.0 


6860 


270 


680 


57.0 


120.0 


67.0 


8720 


3.1060 


J 


2800 


451 


2300 


174.0 


6940 


30.0 


950 


59.0 


100 


690 


980 


3.162 


A 


2990 


4280 


214.0 


173.0 


7130 


114 


114 


60.0 


107 


720 


963 


3.2570 


S 


356.0 


4420 


2150 


173 


7250 


30.0 


91.0 


740 


117 


69 


8290 


3.121 


O 


311.0 


456.0 


2300 


173.0 


766.0 


153 


950 


720 


116.0 


690 


887.0 


3.328.0 


N 


3040 


457.0 


2300 


173.0 


8000 


96 


101 


740 


118 


720 


9050 


3.3300 


D 


3300 


5070 


520.0 


172 


7790 


260 


96.0 


75.0 


1400 


70.0 


934 


3.649 


J 


286.0 


4700 


2400 


1870 


8070 


70.0 


122 


630 


900 


720 


1.200 


3,6070 


F 


3190 


4740 


2970 


1870 


8050 


390 


120 


60 


89 


71.0 


1.001 


3.4620 


M 


371.0 


4590 


730.0 


1870 


8040 


192 


980 


790 


1950 


730 


1.415.0 


4.6030 


1978-79A 


154.0 


501.0 


213.0 


187.0 


8360 


190 


86.0 


26.0 


1140 


680 


2.452.0 


4.6560 



Figures are rounded and may not add to totals shown 

'For comparative purposes figures may differ from those previously reported to reflect changes in accounting during 1973-74 

Source: Department of Finance. 



134 



3 tion No 1 1-003E Monthly/Volume 53 Number 8 



Canadian 
statistical review 



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lust 1978 




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Canadian Statistical Review 
Selected Recent Articles 

1977 

February Public General and Allied Special Hospitals in Canada: Historical 

summary of inputs and utilization of facilities, 1953 to 1973 
March Measuring Financial Market Activity: A Macroeconomic Perspective 

April An Econometric Model of Canadian Imports 

Reading Habits in Canada 
May Capacity Utilization Rates in Canadian Manufacturing 

July Revision of the Consumer Price Index Based on 1974 Expenditures: An Overview 

August The Responsiveness of Canadian Imports of Selected Commodities to Changes 

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International Travel 1976-1977 
October A Review of International Travel, 1960-1975 
November A Note on the Transfer Payment Implications of Benefit and Contribution 

Operations under the Unemployment Insurance Act 

1978 

January Library Visitors and Library Resources 

February Research Potential of Data from the Travel-to-Work Surveys 

April Small Business - Statistics versus Paper Burden 

Experimental Study - A Consumer Price Index for Low-income Families 

May Cinema Attendance Habits in Canada 

June The Meaning and the Economic Significance of Seasonality 

July Some Characteristics of Full-Time University Teachers, 1956-57 to 1977-78 



Symbols 

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figures not available 
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r revised figures 
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the Statistics Act 
MCD months for cyclical dominance 



IV 



Table of Contents 



vi 


The Housing Indicators at Hand 


xi 


Observations 


1 


Section 


1 Selected Economic Indicators 


13 


Section 


2 Population Statistics 


17 


Section 


3 System of National Accounts 


35 


Section 


4 Labour 


59 


Section 


5 Prices 


69 


Section 


6 Manufacturing 


85 


Section 


7 Fuel, Power, Mining 


91 


Section 


8 Construction 


97 


Section 


9 Food and Agriculture 


105 


Section 


10 Domestic Trade 


113 


Section 


1 1 External Trade 


121 


Section 


12 Transportation 


125 


Section 


13 Finance 



Analytical Summary 



Note to Users 

This section is used to announce changes in tables 
of the Canadian Statistical Review and in related 
CANSIM series. 

Monthly or quarterly data may not add to totals due 
to rounding. 

Section 3, Table 3.3 - Balance of international 
payments 

The series "Net errors and omissions" D 50693 has 
been added with this issue. 



Section 9, Table 1 - Farm cash receipts 

The series "Western grain stabilization payments", 

D 225947 has been added with this issue. 

Section 9, Table 4 - Farm input price indexes 

This table has been restructured and released to 
1971 = 100 at the request of the source. 



The Housing Indicators at Hand 

Dr Marlynas Yeas* 

Housing is an aspect of society which is of wide- 
spread interest and concern, and in which govern- 
mental agencies are involved at many levels. Despite 
its recognized importance, there are relatively few 
established housing measures which might indicate 
the need for public concern or intervention, or which 
make it possible to assess the impact of public 
policies. The aim of this paper is to review types of 
housing measures now available for their suitability 
and usefulness as housing indicators. 

Conditions and housing quality 

In any discussion of social indicators it is important 
to distinguish between measures of conditions and 
measures of quality. Conditions, the physical state 
and distribution of the housing stock, are objectively 
measurable. Housing quality, on the other hand, is a 
function not only of objective conditions but of the 
meaning attributed to them by some set of values. 
For example, one of the most commonly used indi- 
cators of housing adequacy is the presence of a 
iush toilet. By today's standards it is reasonable to 
count a toilet as a basic necessity. In Canada a 
century ago, or in many countries today, a flush 
toilet would be considered a luxury with too limited a 
distribution to serve as an indicator of quality. The 
physical properties of the toilet are not changed, but 
its social significance is. 

The distinction is important if indicators are to be 
used for policy (and many other) purposes. Public 
policy in democratic societies must deal with quali- 
ties as they are socially defined. At any one time 
there may be a consensus that adequate housing 
can be defined in specific, objective terms, but these 
prevailing social standards gradually change. The 
standards of today would be too high for housing a 
century ago, and might well be too low a century in 
the future. For instance, a flush toilet and running 
water were not always present in what was generally 
considered acceptable housing in the past, and 



* Dr Martynas Yeas was formerly Research Associate, Social 
Statistics Research and Development Staff, Household Statistics 
Branch. 



amenities such as saunas may come to be expected 
as basic amenities in decades to come. 

Since indicators can be and usually are operational- 
ized as measures of housing conditions, and also 
because such measures yield relatively "hard" and 
reliable data, there is a natural tendency to take 
these measures as housing indicators in and of 
themselves. Unless they correspond to prevailing 
social standards, however, these objective measures 
do not indicate anything, or may mislead. Social 
standards change slowly, so this is not a problem in 
the short run. Indicators which have been used over 
a long period may not have the same significance 
they once had, however. 

Economic Measures 

While housing quality can be reduced (at least in 
principle) to a single dollar-value, this index provides 
little socially relevant information. Rental or sale 
price is a composite measure of many factors which 
are not necessarily related. It reflects not only struc- 
tural aspects - the "house" part of "housing" - 
such as size and number of rooms, type of heating, 
physical condition, etc., but also location relative to 
employment opportunities, schools, shopping and 
recreational facilities and neighborhood environment, 
including type and condition of adjacent structures, 
amount and noise of traffic, and social character of 
neighborhood residents. 

The economist's approach to this is, basically, to 
view housing as a bundle of attributes, each of which 
has its price, and then to view the price of housing 
as a composite of its attribute prices. Using this 
model, two analytic approaches to pulling apart the 
different factors represented in housing prices and 
assessing their importance are possible. 

One approach computes hedonic price indices for 
particular attributes by, in effect, holding all other 
factors constant and examining price differences 
between housing units differing on the remaining 
factor. A number of studies (e.g. Kain and Quigly, 
1970, Ball, 1973, Kam, 1977) have succeeded in 



VI 



explaining a substantial amount of the variance in 
housing prices, deriving price coefficients for differ- 
ent attributes which are intuitively plausible. 

The second approach computes the income elastici- 
ties of the consumption of different housing attri- 
butes; the procedure measures the changes in con- 
sumption patterns as household income increases 
and other factors are held constant. Attributes whose 
elasticities are negative can be regarded as undesir- 
able, since households consume less of them as 
income increases, while low positive elasticities 
indicate "basic necessity" attributes which are pur- 
chased at low income levels but not in proportion- 
ately higher levels as income rises. High elasticities 
characterize luxuries purchased in greater quantities 
as income increases. 

The interpretation of elasticities is potentially ambig- 
uous, since the cutting-point separating necessities 
from luxuries can only be set arbitrarily (1.00 is 
generally used, but there is no theoretical and little 
empirical reason for not using, say, .95 or 1.05), and 
also because elasticities vary at different incomes - 
that is, marginal increases in different incomes may 
be spent in different patterns - so that it is neces- 
sary to decide for which households the income 
elasticity of demand is of interest. In practice at- 
tempts to measure the elasticity of demand for both 
housing stock and specific attributes have yielded 
very variable estimates (Maslove, 1977). 

The usefulness of both the hedonic and elasticity 
approaches is substantially reduced in practice by 
the "imperfections" of real housing markets as 
compared with the model underlying both economet- 
ric approaches. In the real world, the country is 
divided into hundreds of poorly integrated markets, 
in which consumers are not well informed about all 
possible purchases, and in which housing units 
change hands relatively infrequently and at irregular 
intervals. 

This last point is perhaps the strongest restraint on 
economic analysis. The value of owner-occupied 
units (the majority) is exact only at the moment of 
sale. At any given point the amount that a house will 
bring may be quite uncertain even to an owner- 
occupant, especially during periods of rapidly shift- 
ing prices (Bowdon, 1975). Even rental prices, which 
are paid over at regular intervals, are a function not 
only of the unit but also of the tenant and the terms 
of his relationship with his landlord. Thus rents only 
rarely are adjusted from month to month; usually, the 
adjustment takes place at long intervals (particularly 
lease renewal) and is often larger if there is a turn- 
over of tenants. 

Economic housing indicators are therefore limited 
both by the difficulties in fitting their underlying 



model to the real world and by an inherent uncer- 
tainty in their basic data (housing or rental prices). 
Despite this, both have some promise. Hedonic 
studies can give only aggregate information about 
the importance of particular attributes in a given 
market, but the method appears to work in practice 
and may be used to analyze data which has already 
been collected. It is somewhat demanding in that all 
attributes in the analysis must have been measured, 
but at least it is purely a market measure which does 
not require further data on occupant households. 
More information is needed to estimate income 
elasticities of demand for housing attributes and past 
exercises have yielded ambiguous results. They may 
prove to be useful housing indicators in the future, 
but experience to date offers no great assurance of 
this. 

Even if econometric studies eventually yield reliable 
and precise hedonic coefficients and income elastici- 
ties for major housing markets, the information ag- 
gregated into prices will only have been partitioned 
at a high aggregate ievel. They will not provide any 
information about the attributes of particular units (or 
households) unless information is collected directly 
from them, in which case the information suggested 
by the indicators can usually be had directly for the 
asking. Economic indicators do offer a means of 
checking whether consumers' expressed preferences 
are in fact reflected in their market behavior. If they 
do, then economic measures have an important 
place in any set of housing indicators. At present, it 
is not possible to say if this is the case. 



The size of the housing stock 

The most basic non-economic information about 
housing units is how many of them there are. The 
census provides counts of the housing stock, of 
course, but these are several years out of date when 
published and, because of their aggregate nature, 
provide a somewhat limited guide to the nature of 
shorter term changes in the number and type of 
units. 

Public discussion of changes in housing supply is 
therefore almost always in terms of housing starts. 
The considerable lapse between starts and comple- 
tions means that this can be quite misleading in the 
short term during times of sharp economic upturn or 
downturn. However, Statistics Canada publishes both 
on a monthly basis in its "Housing Starts and Com- 
pletions", based on a monthly enumeration of urban 
areas and a quarterly survey of the rest of Canada. 
These numbers appear to be quite accurate for the 
purposes of the construction industry, but as housing 
indicators they furnish a good example of the 
"pseudo-social indicators" generated by ongoing 



VII 



administrative practice, both in their superficial 
usefulness and in the distortions introduced by tak- 
ing them at face value. 

The underlying problem is that housing starts statis- 
tics primarily reflect activity in the construction in- 
dustry rather than changes in the housing stock (as 
is strongly implied by the practice of citing starts, 
which are indicators of changes in investment and 
employment, rather than completions, which indicate 
shifts in the availability of housing). 

The worst and most obvious deficiency in these 
numbers is that there is no parallel set measuring 
deletions from the housing stock. Demolitions and 
abandonments, which do not involve the construction 
industry to any great extent, can only be estimated 
on a residual basis at a later date, by finding the 
discrepancy between the census count and the 
"expected" sum of the previous count and additions 
reported during the intercensal period. A possible 
important confounding factor in this procedure which 
also adds and subtracts from the housing stock to 
an unknown extent (and is also omitted from con- 
struction figures) is the conversion of seasonal to 
permanent dwellings and vice-versa. No figures 
seem to be available on this phenomenon, which 
may be of some importance in certain localities. 

Another serious omission is the exclusion of mobile 
homes from the housing starts and completions 
series. These units are, of course, constructed quite 
differently from what mobile home builders' spokes- 
men like to call "stick-built" housing, but they are 
equally certainly homes to the people who live in 
them. Improvements in mobile home manufacturing 
and increasing costs of conventionally built housing 
have combined to make mobile units an important 
component of new units added to the housing stock, 
expecially in poorer regions and in rural areas. The 
extent of this development, and its implications for 
anything resembling a national housing policy, are 
not clearly presented by the existing statistical re- 
porting system. 

New mobile homes shipments from domestic produc- 
ers are reported separately from housing stocks 
under the heading of "Fabricated Metal Products" 
apparently because mobile home manufacturing is 
an outgrowth of the truck and trailer industry. 
Because of the need to protect the confidentiality of 
the figures supplied by manufacturers, data is gener- 
ally not available for the smaller provinces and the 
territories, where mobile units are apparently most 
important. Moreover, imports are not published 
together with either of these series, but appear in 
international trade statistics. 

Since there appears to be no comprehensive count 
elsewhere, I have combined conventional comple- 



tions, domestic shipments, and imports for the pe- 
riod 1 966-1 975 1 . These are not strictly comparable 
in the short term, since there is an unknown lag 
between mobile shipments and imports on the one 
hand and mobile units put in place and added to the 
housing stock on the other, but the trend is very 
clear. 

Mobile housing has risen from an insignificant com- 
ponent of housing additions to a respectable frac- 
tion, approaching a third of new homes in some 
areas. If mobile homes are considered together with 
conventional single-detached homes - they are, 
after all, both single and detached in most cases - 
their relative importance is doubled. This has occur- 
red despite the fact that CMHC mortgages have 
generally been available only for conventional units, 
and despite outright bans or stringent restrictions on 
mobile placement in many localities. 

The reasons for these restrictions may or may not be 
sound (CMHC has had doubts as to the durability of 
mobile units as a long-term investment, while local 
governments have apparently been unenthusiastic 
because mobile homes provide a lower tax base and 
because many residents reject mobile homes for 
their neighbours on esthetic grounds) but they amount 
to a large-scale de facto housing policy which has 
more or less fortuitously grown out of considerations 
which do not center on the nation's housing needs 
and the alternative means for meeting them. This 
omission may well have something to do with the 
failure to include mobile units under the same head- 
ing as conventional completions, which to the uniniti- 
ated present the appearance of a comprehensive 
indicator of housing stock input. 

Quite aside from the problem of counting mobile 
units, the use of starts and completions measures as 
an indicator of changes in housing supply is inher- 
ently misleading, no matter how accurate these 
statistics are. The turnover of the housing stock is 
very low, amounting to three or four percent in most 
years. Changes in the rate of repair, conversion, or 
deterioration of the other 96 per cent of units may 
have far more impact on the housing stock than new 
construction. These changes may decrease or in- 
crease quite independently of starts and comple- 
tions. Again, the lack of statistical series measuring 
these factors may be related to the lack or attention 
paid until recently in making housing policy to the 
potential significance of encouraging better mainte- 
nance and repair as an alternative to the rather 
costly option of new construction. 



1 Figures for mobile imports before 1 971 must be approximated by 
using the category "House Trailers over $4,000 in Value" These 
earlier figures are consequently somewhat inflated, but they are 
not in any case a major component. 



VIII 



Table 1 



ear 


Mobile Shipments 
and Imports 


Conventional Single 
Detached Completions 


Mobile % 
of S.D.* 


1966 


3,984 


73,858 






5.1 


1967 


5,579 


73,641 






7.0 


1968 


8,227 


74,640 






9.9 


1969 


11 ,580 


78,584 






12.8 


1970 


11 ,140 


66,615 






14.3 


1971 


19,170 


82,978 






18.8 


1972 


25,028 


106,508 






19.0 


1973 


29,471 


122,696 






19.4 


1974 


33,090 


129,704 






20.3 


1975 


22,551 


113,409 






16.6 


1976 


21 ,623 


128,623 






14.4 



Total Conventional 


Mobile % 


Completions 


of Total* 


162,192 


2.4 


149,242 


3.6 


170,993 


4.6 


195,826 


5.6 


175,827 


6.1 


201 ,232 


8.7 


232,227 


9.7 


246,581 


10.7 


257,243 


11 .4 


216,964 


9.4 


236,249 


8.4 



* Including both conventional and mobile units 

Source: Statistics Canada Catalogue 64-002, 41-009, 42-217, 11-003. 



Dwelling unit type 

It might be thought that census tigures would give 
both an accurate, if dated, measure of the housing 
stock and a guide to interpreting the above-men- 
tioned sources of housing stock data (by comparing 
the number of mobile unit in different provinces with 
reported shipments, for instance, it might be possible 
to measure how effective shipments are as a proxy 
measure of mobile units entering into use). Unfortu- 
nately, while there is no reason to suspect the cen- 
sus count of housing units, the classification by type 
(single, detached, apartment, etc.) present problems. 
The census has in the past used classifications which 
may not correspond to what the public understands 
as significant differences. 

Once again mobile homes provide a striking exam- 
ple. The definition which has been used by the Cen- 
sus defines "mobile" as: 

"Any dwelling designed and actually mov- 
able, such as trailer, railway car or boat, if 
occupied by persons with no other usual 
residence on census date. If placed on a 
permanent foundation, it is considered to be 
'single detached'." 



This definition differs substantially from the way 
"mobile home" is used in either ordinary-language 
or in most specialized contexts including commercial 
sales and zoning restrictions. It includes boats, small 
trailer, vans, etc., used as residences and excludes 
mobile homes (in the usual sense) which are placed 
on foundations, as many of them are. Even when up 
on blocks and hooked up to utilities, a mobile unit 
does not have the same social standing as single 
detached homes built in the conventional manner, 
nor does it receive the same treatment under local 
ordinances or qualify in the same way for financing. 
The Census count thus includes an undetermined 
number of dwellings which are not mobile homes in 
the usual sense and excludes a large number that 
are. 

Problems with other type classifications are not so 
obvious but may raise comparable problems. 
Between the easily distinguished extremes of single 
detached and apartment units various categories of 
attached, non-apartment units are distinguished in 
the census typology. While people do seem to distin- 
guish, say, row houses from high-rise apartment 
buildings, the lines are not easy to draw. The census 



IX 



attempts to distinguish "doubles" from "duplexes", 
but to many people the distinction may be drawn in 
opposite directions. 

The difficulty in matching census classifications (and 
probably any others drawn up on a priori basis) with 
public perceptions has emerged clearly with the shift 
to self-enumeration. The 1973 Montreal Housing 
Test, which examined areas with implausably large 
changes in reported dwelling type, found that a 
substantial percentage of respondents had a precon- 
ceived notion of what kind of unit they were living in. 
As a result, they did not refer to the definitions in the 
instructions, or ignored or rewrote definitions which 
contradicted their own classifications. 



The proportion of misclassifications (about 35 per 
cent) was probably unusually high, since this test 
was run on known problem areas, but the problems 
it raises can be expected to appear almost every- 
where. The census is not especially at fault, since 
there does not seem to be any widely shared, clear- 
cut set of distinctions which might have been used in 
place of the official ones. Housing types are not so 
much distinct entities as points on a continuum, 
which runs from unambiguously single-detached 
homes of one extreme to unambiguous apartments of 
the other. The middle ground is vague enough that 
the reported counts of the housing stock by type are 
only approximate and probably biased toward more 
socially desirable categories. 

By making changes contemplated for the next cen- 
sus it may be possible to greatly reduce this sort of 
error, but in doing so much of the social significance 
in housing-type statistics may be lost. It is at least 
suggestive that respondents expressed such cer- 
tainty as to what types their homes were that they 
refused to follow directions that led to another label. 
Perhaps they were simply reluctant to admit that 
their homes were merely "apartments" instead of 
their preferred description as "row houses", merely 
to make a good impression. But it seems equally 
plausible that there really is a perceived difference 
which matters to the respondent - perhaps the 
structures, common in Montreal, which might be 
called "attached duplexes" or "attached triplexes" 
and which were a particular object of misclassifica- 
tion do differ in an important way from apartments in 
the minds of their occupants. 

At present all that can be said about housing-type 
statistics is that they are probably unreliable, in the 
direction of undercounting apartments (as officially 
defined) especially. Whether type data can be rein- 



terpreted and perhaps redefined to become more 
socially relevant indicators is as yet unclear. 



Adequacy 

The census and various surveys have for many years 
collected information in household facilities such as 
running water, flush toilets, use of bath or shower, 
etc. These have often been used as measures of 
general "adequacy", either by defining a minimum 
number of amenities as a cutoff point for adequate 
housing or by using a weighted combination to 
create a numerical index of housing quality. Such 
amenities have the advantage that they can be 
counted quickly and reliably, and plumbing facilities 
have an obvious relation to health and, by general 
consensus, are expected as standard equipment in 
even the most basic housing. 

The problem with "adequacy", thus defined, is that it 
is now too basic. Too many units are "adequate" in 
this sense for such an index to be used as a general 
housing indicator (though it may still be useful in 
identifying particularly sub-standard areas and 
poorly housed groups). The latest available survey of 
household facilities (1974) shows that only 4.1 per 
cent of households have no bath or shower and 2.0 
per cent no flush toilet. Housing units without these 
amenities are so few as to be almost peculiar. In- 
deed, Kirkland's (1972) attempt to predict rental 
values yielded results for some Canadian urban 
areas indicating that hot and cold running water or 
exclusive use of a flush toilet lowered rental values, 
other things being equal; presumably this is an 
artifact of his regression procedure induced by the 
small numbers and non-random distribution of flush- 
less dwellings, and not a description of real market 
behavior. 

Moreover, while units which are inadequate by these 
"outhouse-era" standards are also inadequate by 
present-day standards, the natural tendency to use 
this as an indicator of the worst housing will be 
biased in favor of rural and small-town housing and 
against the larger centers which contain the majority 
of Canada's population. It will not single out units 
which have plumbing but would be generally rejected 
as uninhabitable because they are too close to in- 
dustrial plants or heavy traffic and consequently very 
noisy and full of foul air, or overrun by rats and 
vermin, or inadequately insulated or heated and 
therefore freezing in winter, or any of the other de- 
fects which characterize urban slum housing. 

Information has been collected on household appli- 
ances which are neither very common nor very rare. 
They can only be used very cautiously as measures 



of housing quality, however, because their distri- 
bution is clearly related to occupant as well as dwell- 
ing unit characteristics. Freezers, for example, offer 
economies of scale which offset operating costs only 
for larger households; moreover, freezers vary con- 
siderably in capacity, and the refrigerators in most 
freezerless homes provide some frozen-storage 
space. Similarly, washers and dryers become more 
convenient as the volume of laundry increases, and 
their absence may be partially or fully offset in the 
mind of the occupant depending on how accessible 
laundromat facilities are. These problems do not 
necessarily make the existing data series useless, if 
it is possible to reprocess the data to standardize 
household size and composition. Thus, the distri- 
bution of appliances might be more informative if 
broken down into single-person-over-65, married- 
couples-two-children-under-16, and so forth. 

Miscellaneous measures 

A number of other statistics have been comprehen- 
sively collected in the past which can be used in a 
certain limited sense as social indicators of housing. 
They do indicate trends over time, and they can be 
disaggregated to show conditions among population 
groups of interest. They make poor housing indica- 
tors, however, because the variation which they 
indicate cannot be relied on to reflect variations in 
the quality of housing units as consumers would 
probably consider them. 

For example, the census has regularly collected 
information on the age (or more precisely, the period 
of construction of dwelling units. There may be some 
doubt as to the reliability of the reported age of 
older units, since many occupants have only a vague 
idea of it, but reliability is not the major problem. 
Rather, the age of housing is only weakly connected 
with what is usually meant by quality. While there is 
a tendency to deteriorate over time, frequency and 
extent of repairs is a crucial factor on which informa- 
tion has not been collected. In addition, there is 
some truth to the adage "They don't make them like 
they used to" - many older dwellings were built to 
more spacious and durable standards than those 
common in present-day construction. As a result, 
many of the oldest dwellings which survive may be 
superior in most respects to newer units. Kirkland's 
(1972) study, which used a regression analysis to 
relate structural factors to gross rent, found that age 
was sometimes positively and sometimes negatively 
related to rental value in different urban areas. 
Clearly, age, by itself, is an unreliable indicator of 
housing quality. 

From 1941 to 1961 the Canadian census had its 
enumerators rate the structural condition of dwelling 
units - that is, whether they were in need of repair. 



This procedure was similar to that used by the U.S. 
census, which found that the reliability of these 
statistics was very low. The principal source of error 
was enumerator bias, which presumably affected 
Canadian statistics in the same way. Even if struc- 
tural condition statistics were reliable, they would not 
be very useful by themselves as general housing 
indicators, since they measure need for repairs while 
disregarding the enormous range of differences 
(including site, location and facilities) among houses 
which do not need repairs, or for that matter houses 
which do. Moreover, problems of response bias and 
reliability have worsened with the shift to the self- 
enumeration in 1971. 

Tenure (owner or rental) is simple to measure and 
apparently reliable, though the growth of condomin- 
ium and cooperative tenure complicates matters 
slightly. The problem with using this information as a 
housing indicator is that, like the household appli- 
ances mentioned above, distribution reflects house- 
hold composition and stages in the life cycle. The 
negligible investment and generally lower costs of 
rental accommodation makes it particularly suitable 
to the needs, or at least the resources, of young 
adults and the elderly. The shift away from home 
ownership in recent years is therefore ambiguous. It 
can be interpreted as a decline in housing quality, 
but it can also be seen as a natural adjustment of 
the housing market to match a changing age-struc- 
ture in the population. Tenure data must therefore be 
standardized by household characteristics before its 
significance as a housing indicator can be fully 
assessed. 

Information on neighbourhood quality seems to be 
potentially important - Kain and Quigley (1970) 
found that the type and quality of adjacent structures 
accounted for considerably more of the variance in 
housing costs than did dwelling unit quality. Unfortu- 
nately the information now available is in the form of 
aggregate data for small areas such as Census 
Enumeration Areas (which average 180 households 
in urban areas and 140 in rural ones). This format 
provides good neighbourhood data only for dwellings 
in the middle of these areas, while being not only 
incomplete but possibly misleading for dwellings 
along the boundaries. Like economic measures, 
therefore, neighbourhood data based on EA's is 
potentially useful in making generalized evaluations 
but cannot be analyzed in any detail. 



Crowding 

An established type of indicator which is seeing 
increasing use is residential crowding, most com- 
monly measured as persons per room (PPR), but 



XI 



also expressable as square feet per person, resi- 
dents per acre, etc. Crowding measures are, in a 
number of respects, potentially useful indicators: 

1. They provide a numerical index by which 
different groups, areas, and time periods 
can be meaningfully compared. 

2. They do not suffer from ceiling effects on 
range limitations of the kind which have 
made plumbing and other basic facilities 
less and less useful as housing indicators as 
they became more and more common. 

3. When measured as PPR, crowding is easily 
measured and can be defined reasonably 
reliably (though there are some problems, 
especially in deciding what is a room and 
what is not). ■ 

4. It is generally clear whether changes in 
crowding measures are improvements in 
housing conditions or not. Extreme levels of 
crowding are clearly undesirable and most 
households would prefer a little more space 
to a little less (though there are cases, such 
as elderly persons who find themselves 
alone in a unit which once accommodated a 
family, which may be "undercrowded", 
burdened with more space than they can 
look after or have any use for). 

Given these advantages and the scarcity of good 
alternative housing indicators, the popularity of 
crowding measures is understandable. The Eco- 
nomic Council of Canada has, for example, selected 
PPR as one of two indicators by which it proposes to 
monitor housing 2 . Table 2, taken from its Eleventh 
Annual Review, shows that crowding, thus defined, 
decreases as the dollar-value of housing increases, 
as one would expect. In 1961, crowding also had an 
inverse relationship with household income, but in 
1971 the lowest income quintile was less crowded 
than all others but the highest. 

This curious pattern does not seem to be an acci- 
dental fluctuation. Surveys by the Household Statis- 
tics Branch (reported in Table 3) show the same 
pattern in 1968, 1972, and 1974. The lowest-in- 
come households are the least crowded, middle- 
income households the most crowded, and the 
highest income categories have about the average 
number of PPR. Interpretation of this data is compli- 
cated by slight differences in the income categories 
reported and the considerable inflation over the 
period 1968-1974, but the two factors tend to offset 
each other and the pattern of PPR differences is 
substantially the same. 



2 The other is imputed rent per room. Since the majority of units are 
owner-occupied, this indicator is not only subject to the inherent 
uncertainty of price data mentioned above, but also must assume 
a fixed ratio of rental to purchase value. This assumption cannot 
be made with much assurance if housing prices are changing 
rapidly, since owners may rent at lower ratios if they have reason 



The significance of persons per room is even more 
puzzling when the households in the 1974 survey 
with more than one person per room (that is, above 
the cut-off point defining "crowded" dwelling units 
according to the standard generally used today) are 
compared with less crowded households. Although 
these households are quite unusually crowded (less 
than 7 per cent of the total, and averaging about 
twice as many PPR as the other 93 per cent) they 
are superior, by usual standards, in that they are 
more likely to be owner-occupied and single-de- 
tached, and to have freezers, washers and dryers, 
televisions, and automobiles. On the other hand, they 
are less likely to have plumbing, furnace heating, or 
telephones. Clearly a relatively larger number of 
persons per room cannot be taken, without further 
qualification, to indicate housing which is poorer in 
many other respects. 

Some light is cast on these difficulties by the results 
of the Survey of Housing Units conducted for CMHC 
by Statistics Canada during the Fall of 1974 in the 
22 Census Metropolitain Areas plus Charlottetown. 
Table 5 shows the variation of two crowding mea- 
sures, PPR and square feet per capita, as well as 
two income measures, household income and in- 
come per capita. The inclusion of area measures in 
the survey makes it possible to examine whether 
variations in PPR mask crowding conditions because 
room sizes vary systematically. For instance, the 
initially surprising lower PPR level of low-income 
households might be disguising the fact that these 
households are crowded because their rooms are 
relatively cramped. This is not the case. Crowding 
differences run in the same direction according to 
both measures, and the differences are roughly 
proportionate. Thus households with no children 
have about half as many persons per room as do 
three-child households, and about twice as many 
square feet per person. Evidently PPR does reflect 
spatial crowding quite accurately. 

It might be thought that the unexpected curvilinear 
relation of PPR to income which appeared in Tables 
2 and 3 can be attributed to the fact that they are 
calculated on a different basis - the crowding mea- 
sure in terms of the individual and income in terms 
of the household. A comparison of the two income 
measures in Table 5 shows that differences in per 
capita income do relate more closely to per capita 
crowding (in terms of either rooms on floor space) 



to believe the "loss" is offset by rising resale value, and vice- 
versa. In recent years housing prices have indeed fluctuated 
substantially, and the movements are not uniform in different 
areas. This indicator can be interpreted only very cautiously, 

therefore. 



XII 



Table 2" 

Crowding Index, by Socio-Economic Characterisitic, Canada, 1961, and Major Urban Areas, 1961 and 1971 



Canada 
1961 



Major Urban Areas 1 
1961 1971 



Average 

Total household income 4 
Lowest quintile 
Second quintile 
Middle quintile 
Fourth quintile 
Highest quintile 

Rent (or value) per month ($1961) 4 
$50 or less 
$51 to $100 
$101 to $200 
$201 or more 

Persons per household 4 
2 or less 
2.1 to 3.0 
3.1 to 4.0 
4.1 to 6.0 
6.1 or more 

Age of dwelling 5 , 6 

Built before 1920 (1946) 
Built during 1921-45 (1946-60) 
Built during 1946-59 (1960-68) 
Built during 1960-61 (1969-71) 

Age of head of household 5 
65 or over 
Under 65 



.732 



713 



633 



.80 
.75 
.70 
.55 

.61 
.62 
.69 
.81 

1 .14 

.70 
.72 
.76 
.79 

.70 
.73 



84 


.55 


77 


.64 


75 


.65 


69 


.61 


59 


.52 


77 


.71 


78 


.68 


69 


.63 


55 


.55 


58 


.51 


60 


.57 


68 


.65 


80 


.74 


97 


* 


71 


.61 


68 


.63 


72 


.64 


73 


.64 


68 


.59 


71 


.63 



* Insufficient number of observations or not available. 

1 Twenty-three cities that were metropolitan areas or major urban agglomerations in 1971 were used in this analysis. 
See Table 4-3 for the cities. 

2 This figure differs slightly from the overall crowding index for Canada noted in Table 4-1. Certain enumeration areas 
were necessarily dropped from this analysis because data were incomplete. 

3 These averages are calculated on the basis of the crowding indexes for the twenty-three cities weighted by the 
number of households. 

4 A characteristic is disaggregated according to the weighted average value (income, rent, or persons) of each census 
tract for 1971 and each enumeration area for 1961 (except for total household income for the major urban areas in 
1961 where the level of observation is the census tract). 

5 The value for each category is determined through the use of weights made up of the number of relevant households 
in each census tract (in 1971) or enumeration area (in 1961) as a proportion of all relevant households in the 
category. 

6 The time periods not in parentheses are relevant to the 1961 data; those in parentheses, to the 1971 data. 

Source: Statistics Canada, 1961 and 1971 Censuses; and estimates by the Economic Council of Canada. 
** Table 4-6, Economic Council Eleventh Annual Review 



XIII 



Table 3 



Income group 



Persons per room 
1968 



1972 



1974 



Under 1000 
1000-1999 

2000-2999 
3000-3999 

4000-4999 
5000-5999 

6000-6999 
7000-7999 

8000-8999 
9000-9999 

10000-11999 

12000-14999 

15000-24999 
25000 and over 



48 
43 

56 
65 

70 
72 

74 
74 

.74 
72 

72 

.71 

.69 



44 

53 

63 

67 

68 

68 

67 

,66 
.60 



.42 

.44 

.55 

.60 

.63 

.64 

.65 

§4 
.63 



Total 



68 



63 



60 



Source: Household facilities by income and other characteristics 1968, 1972, 1974. Statistics Canada Cata- 
logue 13-540, Occasional, Statistics Canada Catalogue 13-560, Occasional, Statistics Canada, Consumer 
Income and Expenditure Division. 



than do differences in household income. Particu- 
larly, as per capita income increases the number of 
persons per room declines steadily. However, crow- 
ding differences cannot be fully explained by differ- 
ences in per capita income. Households with elderly 
heads, for example, have both the lowest crowding 
levels and the lowest per capita income. Also, the 
Survey of Housing Units confirms earlier findings that 
the lowest household income groups are the least 
crowded even though their per capita income is very 
low. Household crowding is not simply a function of 
purchasing power. 

The key to variations in crowding seems rather to lie 
in the social aspects of household composition and 
stages in the life cycle. Crowding varies substantially 
among households of different size, type, number of 
children, and age of head. It is easy to see how this 
could be so. Research in recent years has confirmed 
the common sense impression that people feel com- 
fortable maintaining less distance from acquaint- 



ances than from strangers, people they like than 
people they dislike, and especially children than 
adults. To reduce crowding to a particular level, 
then, would require non-family households to have a 
lower PPR ratio, which seems to be the case, and 
also implies that the more children there are in a 
household the higher the level to which objectively 
measured crowding will be allowed to rise. Thus, 
married couples share bedrooms more often than 
unrelated persons, and younger children more often 
than adolescents. 

The life-cycle introduces distortions because the 
amount of space of rooms reflects past or future 
rather than present family composition. It is not clear 
what the net effect of this is on younger families, who 
may on the one hand be crowded because they have 
not yet moved to what they consider enough space 
to accommodate recent additions to the family, or on 
the other hand be living spaciously in quarters which 
are intended to also accommodate planned addi- 



XIV 



Table 4 



Household Characteristic 
(Percentage) 



Number of persons per room 
One or fewer More than one 



Owner 

Single detached 

Garage 

Bath facilities 

Flush toilets 

Furnace heating 

Freezers 

Electric washing machines 

Clothes dryers 

Record-playing equipment 

Telephones 

Television 

Automobiles 

1971 Household Average Income 



60 


8 


60 


3 


36 





94 


6 


96 


3 


81 


4 


33 


4 


76 


4 


41 


.3 


70 


4 


94 


6 


95 


.6 


76 


4 


$9641 





65.0 
67.4 
30.1 
85.9 
90.7 
71 .7 
44.4 
89.2 
47.8 
75.9 
88.8 
96.1 
80.6 
$9697 



Source: Household facilities by income and other characteristics, 1974, Statistics Canada, Consumer Income 
and Expenditure Division. 



tions to the present household. For elderly house- 
holds, the bias is clearly in one direction and seems 
a likely explanation for many of the initially puzzling 
variations in crowding. Many older persons are living 
in houses which were purchased and paid for earlier 
in life when income was high and the household 
contained children who have since grown up and 
moved away. These "empty nests" are very roomy 
and very expensive relative to the smaller present 
household size and especially income, which may 
amount only to a small pension. This would explain 
the low crowding levels of households with heads 65 
or older (and the somewhat lower levels for heads 
aged 45-64), households with no earners and no 
children, and particularly the oddly low crowding in 
households with the lowest incomes. 

A third distorting factor in the PPR measure is added 
by differences in household size. A single-person 
household cannot, by definition, have a ratio greater 
than 1.0. The addition of even a small kitchen brings 
the number below the national average, and a living 
room or study far below. Even large households 
rarely have more than one kitchen, however, and it 
seems unlikely that the number of such "public 






rooms" increases to offset increases in the number 
of bedrooms as the household size grows larger. 
This would seem to explain part of the marked posi- 
tive relation between household size and crowding. 

As a consequence of these distorting factors, the 
advantages of persons per room and other crowding 
measures are reduced by the need to adjust for the 
variables discussed above. The adjustment is partic- 
ularly important because households do vary sub- 
stantially in structure, life-cycle, and size over both 
time and space. The demographic swings in the past 
several decades, especially the "baby boom" in 
post-war years and the more recent "birth dearth" 
have made considerable changes in the proportion 
of single to married persons and in the size of dif- 
ferent age groups. The improvement in the PPR ratio 
was presumable reduced during the Fifties by the 
increase in the percentage of the population living in 
families with young children (for the reasons dis- 
cussed above, a group which appears as exaggerat- 
edly crowded), then was enhanced during the Sixties 
by swing toward single-person or childless-couple 
households made up of young people or the elderly. 
Time-series data must be interpreted with this in 



xv 



Table 5 



Household Characteristic 



Persons 
per room 



Square feet 
per capita 



Household 
Income 



Income 
per capita 



Canadian metropolitan areas 

Owner 
Renter 

Single detached 

Apartment 

Other 

Single person 

Married, no children 

Married , children 

Married , children and relatives 

Other <. 

Age of head 
24 or younger 
25-44 
45-64 
65 or older 

Number of earners 
None 
One 
Two 
Three or more 

Number of children 
None 
One 
Two 
Three 
Four or more 

Household size 
One 
Two 
Three 
Four 
Five or more 

Household income category 
Less than 2000 
2000-3999 
4000-5999 
6000-7999 
8000-9999 
10000-11999 
12000-14999 
15000-24999 
25000 or more 

Per capita income category 
Less than 2000 
2000-3999 
4000-5999 
6000-7999 
8000-9999 
10000-11999 
12000-14999 
15000-24999 
25000 or more 

'Uncrowded' 

'Crowded' (one or more PPR) 



59 



301 



12,173 



4,723 



.58 


318 


14,634 


4,715 


.60 


282 


9,724 


4,738 


.58 


322 


14,704 


4,713 


.58 


294 


9,593 


5,004 


.66 


260 


11 ,247 


4,020 


.34 


494 


6,483 


6,483 


.46 


277 


11 ,461 


5,734 


.74 


219 


14,377 


3,589 


.78 


210 


15,575 


3,552 


.56 


339 


11 ,967 


5,148 


.57 


274 


8,610 


4,433 


.66 


260 


13,167 


4,728 


.57 


315 


14,014 


5,202 


.42 


409 


7, 143 


3,797 


.59 


331 


799 


491 


.57 


323 


9,797 


4,436 


.59 


279 


14,958 


5,456 


.75 


222 


21 ,062 


4,880 


.46 


370 


10,969 


5,824 


.63 


247 


13,700 


4,143 


.74 


212 


13,686 


3,221 


,88 


181 


13,991 


2,656 


1 .10 


144 


13,293 


1 ,992 


.34 


494 


6,483 


6,483 


.47 


334 


11 ,395 


5,700 


59 


260 


13,308 


4,439 


,71 


226 


14,498 


3,628 


.93 


174 


15,460 


2.751 


,51 


369 


1 , 134 


870 


.51 


339 


2,902 


1 ,928 


.55 


306 


4,918 


2,729 


.59 


301 


6.918 


3,670 


.62 


288 


8,859 


4,157 


.64 


269 


10,788 


4,254 


.63 


278 


13,204 


5,073 


.60 


293 


18,568 


6,410 


.57 


347 


33,975 


10.706 


.74 


242 


4,614 


1 ,269 


.67 


250 


10, 119 


2,908 


.55 


298 


13,998 


4,811 


.47 


354 


15,838 


6,808 


.41 


404 


17,163 


8,756 


.38 


435 


19,473 


10,628 


.35 


501 


22, 141 


13,022 


32 


569 


28,776 


17.359 


.29 


661 


54,510 


33.499 


56 


310 


12,209 


4,854 


1 .36 


105 


12,370 


1 ,963 



Includes the 22 Census Metropolitam Areas and Charlottetown 
Source: Unpublished data, 1974 Survey of Housing Units. 



xvi 



mind. The present tendency of housing to be hetero- 
geneous at the local level according to these con- 
founding household variables (exemplified by areas 
which are mostly bedroom suburbs populated by 
young families, downtowns with disproportionately 
many single young people in high-rise apartments, 
etc.) means that comparisons between localities 
must also take these factors into account. The spe- 
cialization of the urban housing market shows no 
sign of disappearing and demographers offer no 
assurance that the present population structure is 
stable, so these problems will continue for many 
years to come. 

The perceptual basis of interpretation 

The decision whether to standardize for social fac- 
tors or not rests ultimately on the perceptions which 
the analyst imputes to housing occupants. Thus it is 
possible to read the same data as indicating very 
different conditions. For instance, it is an observed 
fact that married couples with children (and in some 
cases relatives) have more persons per room than 
other households, more crowding than differences in 
income can explain. One interpretation of this is that, 
because of the influence of social relations on per- 
sonal spacing touched on above, these families do 
not need as much room (or as many rooms) as other 
households and feel just as unconfined as the others 
do. Another would be that such family households do 
feel more crowded, but on the average they feel that 
expenditures on commodities other than more hous- 
ing space have a prior claim on their disposable 
income. The differences between the two interpreta- 
tions can be resolved, in the last analysis, only by 
finding which assumptions about the social and 
market preferences of housing occupants best corre- 
spond to what goes on inside their heads. This 
cannot be done on the basis of hard, objective data 
alone. 

This difficulty might be resolved if residential crow- 
ding could be shown to lead to other social phenom- 
ena which can be measured more objectively. The 
studies of rats and other species, which show that 
high levels of crowding lead to increases in disease 
and breakdowns in social and reproductive behavior, 
suggest this. Unfortunately, the studies cited in the 
preceding section suggest strongly that objective 
measures such as disease and crime rates cannot be 
used to evaluate crowding differences. 

Although the quality of housing, in terms of crowding 
or of other attributes, cannot be determined from 
objective measures of conditions alone, perceptions 
can be directly measured with some reliability. Al- 



though government statistical agencies have gener- 
ally avoided inherently subjective data, political 
pollsters, market researchers, and academics have 
developed considerable sophistication in measuring 
perceptions and attitudes. These methods offer the 
possibility of validating and standardizing the sorts 
of objective measure discussed above by establish- 
ing in what way and to what extent they correspond 
with perceived quality. 

Indeed, since it is perceived qualities rather than 
objective conditions which are the general goals of 
government programs, it may in many cases be 
simpler to use perceptual measures for their own 
sake. The effectiveness of this approach is suggested 
by the findings of the "Quality of Life" studies at the 
University of Michigan (Campbell, Converse and 
Rogers, 1976). 

Satisfaction with housing, for example, was very 
poorly predicted by the objective characteristics of 
houses (rooms per person, type of tenure, value/ 
rent, type of structure, and age of structure) or of 
their occupants (life cycle stage, race, education, 
income, job status, and length of residence), which 
explained only 12.1 per cent and 9.7 per cent of the 
variance in housing satisfaction respectively. In 
contrast, a relatively crude perceptual assessment 
(rating only size of rooms, condition of structure, 
heating and housing costs on a seven-point scale) 
explained a substantial 34.5 per cent of satisfaction 
variance. Moreover, objective characteristics added 
very little information to that provided by perceptual 
assessments. Presumably a more sophisticated set 
of perceptual indicators would be even more 
successful. 

While this approach is quite promising, perceptual 
measures must also be standardized and adjusted 
for confounding factors. Campbell et al. use housing 
satisfaction is a case study in the sources of bias in 
measurement. Unadjusted ratings indicate, surpris- 
ingly enough, that low-income people are the most 
satisfied with their housing, and that satisfaction 
tends to decline as education increases. This seems 
to show that the groups whose housing is the worst 
by the usual standards are the most pleased with it. 
However, the following sources of bias must be taken 
into account: 

1) a general tendency to use the positive end 
of the scale more than the negative, which 
produces apparent widespread satisfaction 
even when discontent is considerable. 

2) response set, a non-randomly distributed 
tendency to give whatever response is 



XVII 



assumed to agree with the interviewer's 
expectations even when this leads to 
contradictions. 

3) the impact of the comfortableness of inter- 
viewing conditions on expressed 
satisfaction. 

4) a tendency to become more critical as 
awareness of alternatives increases; this 
leads to the least educated generally ex- 
pressing the most satisfaction. 

5) a tendency to accommodate to one's sur- 
roundings as time goes on; this leads to a 
steady increase in satisfaction with most 
aspects of life as age increases. 

These can be adjusted (so that, for example, hous- 
ing satisfaction has the expected positive relation to 
income and education when response set, age, and 
urban-rural residence are controlled) but this leaves 
two problems. First, it is not obvious where to draw 
the line at adjusting responses. Factors 2 and 3 
(desire to please the interviewer and interviewing 
conditions) can be taken as simple distortions of 
what people "really" think, but what of the others? 
Fortunately, these factors seem to have less of an 
effect as the qualities to be evaluated become more 
specific. Thus, the least educated show a counter- 
intuitive higher satisfaction with their housing in 
general then but when asked to rate specific features 
such as size of rooms or state of repair their assess- 
ments fall to the expected more negative level. 

The second problem is simply that perceptual indica- 
tors are no freer than objective indicators from the 
need to gather considerable information on associ- 
ated factors in order to make adjustments. This 
should not come as a surprise, since society is a 
complex feedback system and a good social indica- 
tor would be expected to reflect this fact. 

Conclusion 

The statistics now available as housing indicators are 
useful only insofar as they control for confounding 
social characteristics. This has the unfortunate effect 
of limiting the potential usefulness of existing time- 
series, which do not in many cases have the match- 
ing data necessary for such controls. It is not likely 
that any housing indicators are to be had which do 
not require some sort of standardization by occupant 
characteristics. Perceptual measures, which have 
seem very little use until recently, offer a useful 
means of adjusting and interpreting many of the 
housing statistics now in use. Moreover, perceptual 
indicators may be useful by themselves for policy 
purposes, as long as they are collected and inter- 
preted with the same caution as is recommended for 
objective indicators. 



References 

BALL, M.J., "Recent empirical work on the determi- 
nants of relative prices", Urban Studies, 1973, X, 
213-233. 

BOOTH, A. & COWELL, J., "Crowding and health", 
Journal of Health & Social Behavior, 1976, 7 7(3), 
204-220. 

BOOTH A. & EDWARDS, J., "Crowding and family 
relations." American Sociological Review, 1976, 
47(2), 308-321. 

BOOTH, A. & JOHNSON, D., "Effect of crowding on 
child health and development", American Behavioral 
Scientist, 1975, 78(6), 736-749. 

BOOTH, A., WELCH, S. & JOHNSON, D., "Crowding 
and urban crime rates", Urban Affairs Quarterly, 
1976, 7 7(3), 291-308. 

BOWDEN, R.J., "Disequilibrium and speculation in 
the housing market", The Economic Record, 1975, 
57,513-522. 

CAMPBELL, A., CONVERSE, P. & RODGERS, W., 

"The quality of American life", Russell Sage Foun- 
dation, 1976. 

DRAPER, P., "Crowding among hunter-gatherers: 
The IKung Bushmen", Science, 1973, 782, 301- 
303. 

ECONOMIC COUNCIL OF CANADA, "Economic 
targets and social indicators", Eleventh Annual 
Review, 1974. 

KAIN, J. & QUIGLEY, J., "Measuring the value of 
housing quality", Journal ol the American Statistical 
Association, 1970, 65,532-548. 

KAM, D.F., "Relative prices and household beha- 
viour in the Metro Toronto housing market", Doctoral 
dissertation, 1977. 

KIRKLAND, J.S., "Patterns of housing quality", 
Economics and Statistics Division, Central Mort- 
gage and Housing Corporation, 1972. 

MARCUSE, P., "Social indicators and housing 
policy", Urban Affairs Quarterly, 1971, 193-217. 

MASLOVE, A.M., "Towards the measurement of 
housing quality", Economic Council of Canada 
discussion paper, 1977, 75. 

MITCHELL, R., "Some social implications of higher 
density housing", American Sociological Review, 
1971, 36, 18-29. 

WELCH, S. & BOOTH, A., "Effect of crowding on 
aggression", Sociological Symposium, 1975, 
7975(14), 105-127. 



XVI 1 1 



Observations 



Out of School - into the Labour Force 

Trends and prospects for enrolment, school leavers 
and the labour force in Canada — the 1960s through 
the 1980s - 

Recently, demographic trends have disrupted Can- 
ada's education systems and labour market. Since 
1970 declining enrolment has been the norm in 
elementary schools. The secondary system is just 
beginning a similar period, and the post-secondary 
system will face this situation in the 1980s. In the 
labour force, large numbers of young job-seekers, 
along with other factors, have contributed to high 
unemployment. There appears to be an excess of 
post-secondary graduates relative to positions re- 
quiring that level of education. 

These topics - enrolment, the annual number of 
students entering the labour force, their effect on it, 
and their employment prospects - are the subjects 
of a recent Statistics Canada publication - Out of 
School - Into the Labour Force (Trends and pros- 
pects for enrolment, school leavers and the labour 
force in Canada - the 1960s though the 1980s). 

The report says that 605,000 students will leave 
Canada's education systems in 1978 to be available 
to the labour force. They are the children born at the 
height of the baby boom in the late 1950s and early 
1960s. The annual number of students leaving 
school is projected to fall to 508,000 by 1986. 

While declining, the number of young job-seekers 
will remain high in the near future. Combined with 
more working women, this results in continued rapid 
expansion of the labour force. During the last deca- 
de, Canada's labour force growth has been the 
highest of all major western industrialized countries. 
The increase between 1976 and 1977 was 308,000 
or 3.0 per cent. 

But high labour force growth requires an equally high 
rate of job creation if unemployment is not to in- 
crease. A "rough exploratory calculation" based on 
two labour force projections suggests that 250,000 
to 290,000 new jobs would be needed each year to 
1980 to hold unemployment to around 8 per cent. 






After that - with fewer young people entering the 
labour force - unemployment could be lowered to 6 
per cent by 1986 with the creation of roughly 
230,000 to 270,000 jobs annually. The same "ex- 
ploratory calculations" suggest that to reduce the 
rate to 6.5 per cent by 1980 would require 335,000 
to 370,000 jobs each year. 

Historical data put the figures in context. The Cana- 
dian economy generated an average 240,000 per 
year from 1970 to 1977, ranging from 360,000 
during the strong expansionary period of 1972-74 to 
an average annual 190,000 during 1975-77. Data to 
the end of May suggest an upturn with 180,000 
created in the first five months of 1978. Although job 
creation has not matched labour force growth, 
throughout the 1970s Canada's rate of job creation 
has been highest in the western industrialized world. 
Between 1970 and 1976 employment increased 
20.9 per cent in Canada, 1 1.3 per cent in the United 
States, 9.5 per cent in Australia, 6.1 per cent in 
Sweden, and 2.3 per cent in France. 
A large proportion of the unemployed are young 
people. Unemployment has always been higher 
among the young than among more experienced 
workers, but the gap has widened in recent years. In 
1977 approximately one-quarter of the labour was 
15-24, but they made up almost one-half the job- 
less. Their unemployment rate, 14.5 per cent, was 
nearly three times the 5.8 per cent of those 25 and 
older. Unemployment is apt to remain disproportion- 
ately high for 15-24-year-olds in the near future (it 
was 15.1 per cent in May 1978), but a decline in 
their numbers in the 1980s could help to improve 
their employment prospects as the decade 
progresses. 

Although unemployment is high among all young 
people, analysis shows that better-educated job- 
seekers are more likely to find work. Average 1974- 
77 spring unemployment for the 15-24 age group 
was: 23.2 per cent for the elementary-educated, 
13.5 per cent for those with secondary school, 6.3 
per cent among holders of post-secondary diplomas, 
and 5.4 per cent for degree-holders. However, not 
all post-secondary graduates fared equally well. 



XIX 



Surveys of 1974 and 1975 graduates of Ontario's 
colleges and universities show that those qualified in 
areas such as business and commerce, engineering, 
the technologies, and health disciplines had less 
unemployment and higher starting salaries than 
graduates in the humanities, social and behavioural 
sciences, and creative and visual arts. In September 
1976, after more than a year in the labour force, 
unemployment among 1975 bachelor's degree grad- 
uates in the humanities and behavioural sciences (at 
around 12 per cent to 15 per cent) was higher than 
the rate for 15-24-year-olds (at 9.7 per cent), and 
highest of all Ontario college and university 
graduates. 

The rapid increase of' university graduates in the 
1970s also seems to have affected starting salaries 
in industry for holders of bachelor's degrees. Their 
starting salaries were 18 per cent above the average 
industrial wage in 1968, but 12 per cent below it in 
1977. 

The growing number of university graduates in the 
1970s has coincided with a slowdown in a major 
employment sector - education. In 1973 more than 
one-third of all young (under 29) degree-holders 
were teachers. The proportion may have been as 
high as 50 per cent in the late 1960s. But the ele- 
mentary-secondary enrolment decline, which started 
in 1970 and is expected to continue at least until the 
mid-1980s, has reduced the need for "new" teach- 
ers. The number hired directly from educational 
institutions plummeted from an estimated 30,000 in 
1969 to roughly 10,000 in 1976. 

The continued elementary-secondary enrolment 
decline, an anticipated drop in post-secondary en- 
rolment in the 1980s, and slower government growth 
suggest a slowdown in the creation of new public 
sector jobs for university graduates over the next few 
years. But the number of graduates is expected to 
increase, albeit slowly, until the early 1980s. Without 
greater job creation in the private sector, their em- 
ployment prospects are likely to remain poor, per- 
haps to the mid-1980s. Graduates of "general" 
programs may bear the brunt of these labour market 
difficulties. Data suggest that while they are finding 
work, many may be in positions not requiring a 
degree. For example, in the first half of 1977, 30 per 
cent of all applicants for clerical positions in the 
federal government, which require grade 10, were 
college or university graduates. By and large, gradu- 
ates from many of the professional, technical and 
other labour market oriented programs appear to be 
faring well in the labour force at least relative to 
graduates from general programs such as the hu- 
manities and behavioural sciences. 



In the longer term the birth rate of the 1960s will 
manifest itself in a falling number of college and 
university graduates starting in the early 1980s and 
continuing throughout the decade. This could im- 
prove their labour market outlook. 

Employment difficulties encountered by graduates of 
"general" programs are probably partially responsi- 
ble for a recent shift towards professional and other 
labour market-oriented disciplines in university. 
Between 1971 and 1976 undergraduate enrolment 
grew as follows: commerce, 60 per cent; health 
disciplines, 30 per cent; engineering, 23 per cent; 
law, 21 per cent; science, 8 per cent; arts, 1 per 
cent. This increased interest in professional and 
technical disciplines is expected to continued in the 
near future, and may raise college enrolment vis-a- 
vis university enrolment. 

The surging post-secondary enrolment of the 1960s 
- up 1 1 per cent to 1 2 per cent each year - ta- 
pered off to a 2 per cent increase in 1976. Four 
projections of college and university enrolment are 
included in the study, each based on different 
asumptions. The "medium" assumption projects little 
change in post-secondary enrolment to the early 
1980s. After that, the projected decline in the size of 
the 18-24 age group is expected to result in a de- 
cline in college and university enrolment. 

The postwar baby boom surge has spent itself in 
elementary-secondary schools. Elementary enrol- 
ment, which reached a peak of about 3.8 million in 
1968, was down to 3.4 million by 1976, and is 
projected to bottom out at three million in the early 
1980s. Secondary enrolment reached its summit, 1.7 
million, in 1976, and is expected to fall 23 per cent 
to 1.32 million by 1986. 

The 400-page study covers a broad range of sub- 
jects from the population to the labour force. The 
seven chapters are: (1) A Summary of Findings, (2) 
The Canadian Population, (3) Enrolment, (4) Poten- 
tial Labour Force Entrants, (5) School Leavers and 
the Labour Market, (6) Alternative Projections, and 
(7) A Comparison of Canadian and American 
Trends. Detailed historical and projected data on 
population, enrolment and school leavers are in- 
cluded in 180 pages of appendices. 

For information, contact Dr. Z. Zsigmond, Chief, or 
Mr. G. Picot, analyst, Projections Section, Education, 
Science and Culture Division. Telephone (613) 995- 
9685. 

Copies of Out of School - Into the Labour Force 
(cataloque no. 81-570E, $6.00 in Canada, $7.20 
elsewhere) are available from Publications Distri- 
bution, Statistics Canada, Ottawa K1A 0T6 



xx 



Observations 

New Toll Free Access to User Advisory 
Services in Halifax 

(Telephone 1-800-565-7192) 

Starting September 1, 1978, data users in Nova 
Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island wil 
have toll free access to Statistics Canada's User 
Advisory Services office in Halifax. By telephoning 
1-800-565-7192 from anywhere in the three prov- 
inces, users will be able to contact the Halifax office 
for assistance in locating and using Statistics 
Canada data effectively. 

With the introduction of this new service, the former 
ZENITH service from Charlottetown, Fredericton, 
Moncton, St. John and Sydney will be discontinued. 

Across Canada, User Advisory Services offices can 
be reached at: 

St. John's, Newfoundland 
Tel.: 726-0713 



Montreal, Quebec 
Tel.: 283-5725 

Ottawa, Ontario 
Tel: 992-4734 

Toronto, Ontario 
Tel : 966-6586 

Winnipeg, Manitoba 
Tel.: 949-4020 

Regina, Saskatchewan 
Tel.: 569-5405 

Edmonton, Alberta 
Tel.: 425-5052 

Vancouver, British Columbia 
Tel.: 666-3695 



Throughout Saskatchewan, the Regional Office can 
be reached by dialing 1-800-667-3524 and in Al- 
berta, the Edmonton office can be reached at 1-800- 
222-6400. 



XXI 



Section 1 ■ Selected Economic Indicators 
Analytical Summary 

1.7 Charts 

8.11 Analytical Summary 



Selected Economic Indicators — Seasonally Adjusted 



Billions of dollars ** 



(Ratio Scale) 




110 



Gross National Product 




Personal Expenditure on Consumer Goods and Services 



54 
50 
46 
42 
38 
34 
30 
26 

22 



— 




— 


— 


5 Current Dollar 




— 


"• " 




— 


— 




— 


— 




— 


— 




— 




6 1971 Dollars 












— 




— 



Business Gross Fixed Capital Formation 



Implicit Price Indexes, 1971 100 

190 




140 



8 Personal Expenditure on Consumer Goods and Services 




9 Business Gross Fixed Capital Formation 
1976 1977 





Implicit Price Indexes. 1971 100 
6 




1978 



1976 



1977 



1978 



At Annual Rates 



Selected Economic Indicators — Seasonally Adjusted 

Real Domestic Product by Industry, Volume Indexes, Quarterly, 1971 100 



Indexes 1971=100 
150 



(Ratio Scale) 



Percentage Change 







110 



6 Index of Industrial Production (Monthly) 



Canadian Balance of International Payments 

Millions of Dollars, Quarterly 




-200 



(Arithmetic Scale) 



-400 



-600 



-800 



-1,000 



-1,200 



-1,400 



-1,600 



-1,800 





M 



Percentage Change 
12 



9 
6 
3 

-3 

12 
9 
6 
3 





* m m "- ■ J - bi 

















1 m m J 








7 Current Receipts 


















1 ,_■ 













9 Current Account Balance 

1976 1977 



1978 



8 Current Payments 
1976 



1977 



1978 



Selected Economic Indicators — Seasonally Adjusted 



Millions of Dollars 
13.000 



1 1 ,000 



9,000 



7,000 

1 Total Labour Income 

Wages and Salaries 

2,400 
2,200 
2,000 
1,800 



1,000 



1,800 



5 Services 



Labour Force Survey 

Thousands of Persons 



11.000 ■ 
9,000 ■ 

10,000- 
8,000 ■ 



6 Labour Force 



7 Employed 



1.000 



800 



600 



9 Unemployment Rate 
1976 



(Ratio Scale) 




Percentage Change 
6 





-3 




^i-l-- 





Labour Force Survey 

Percentage Change 



1977 



1978 



1976 



1977 



1978 



Selected Economic Indicators — Seasonally Adjusted 



Employment Indexes, 1961 = 100 

Indexes 1961 100 

155 



150 
145 
140 
135 
130 

135- 
130- 
125 

120 
115 



1 Industrial Composite 



2 Manufacturing 



3 Construction 



185- 
175 
165- 
155- 



4 Trade 



5 Services 
Dollars per Hours 
7.6 



(Ratio Scale) 



Percentage Change 
2 



-2 




-6 




6 Average Hourly Earnings in Manufacturing 



Hours 
44 









L r - — " r — ^» E 







42 



40 



38 — 



36 



7 Average Weekly Hours in Manufacturing 
1976 1977 



— r^^p 



i 



1978 



1976 



1977 



1978 



Selected Economic Indicators — Seasonally Adjused 




1 Ratio of Manufacturing Inventories Owned to Shipments 
Thousands of Units 
130 




2 New Passenger Car Sales 
Millions of Dollars 
1,400 




800 

3 Value of Building Permits 
Thousands of Units 
300 




140 



4 New Dwelling Units Started (Centres of 10,000 and Over) 



• Value of Retail Trade 

Millions of Dollars 
7.000 




4,000 
3,500 
3.000 

4,500 
4,000 
3,500 
3,000 
2,500 



8 Merchandise Exports (Including Re-Exports) 




9 Merchandise Imports 
1976 



Percentage Change 
40 




b-in 







20 



-20 




40 



20 



-20 







































^33 8 



20 



-20 



-J I. -■■ *>— m I *■■ 




1977 



1978 



1976 



1977 



1978 



Selected Economic Indicators 



(Adjusted for Seasonality) (Ratio Scale) Percentage Change 

9 




(Adjusted for Seasonality) 



1 Rail Revenue Freight Loaded 
Millions of Dollars 
11 




2 Three-Month Treasury Bill Yield 




3 Govt, of Canada Average Bond Yield (10 Years and Over) 



Billions of Dollars 
28 




** 




4 Consumer Credit (Total Monthly Reporters 



Indexes 








(Not Adjusted for Seasonality) 



























Price Indexes 



Indexes 1971=100 
200 



(Not Adjusted for Seasonality) 




120 



6 Total Ex Food 




140 



7 Food 




8 Index of Industrial Common Stock Prices 



220 
180 
140- 



9 Industry Selling Price Index (Gross Weighted Total) 

1976 1977 1978 












1976 



1977 



1978 



Section 1 

Selected economic indicators-analytical summary 1 



August 1978 





Gross national 


product 


Personal expenditure 

on consumer goods 

and services 


Total gross 
fixed capital formation 


Implicit price indexes 






Years, 
quarters 


Gross 

national 

expenditure 

1971 

dollars 


Personal 
expend- 
iture on 
consumer 
goods and 
services 


Total 

gross fixed 

capital 

formation 


Real domestic product 
indexes 


and 
months 


Current 
dollars 


1971 

dollars 


Current 1971 
dollars dollars 


Current 1971 
dollars dollars 


Manu- 
Total facturing 


Section/ 
Table 


S3/T1 .1 


S3/T1 3 


S3/T1.2 S3/T1 3 


S3/T1.2 S3/T1.3 


S3/T1 8 


S3/T1 8 


S3/T1 8 


S3/T2.1 S3/T2.1 



1961 
1962 
1963 
1964 
1965 

1966 
1967 
1968 
1969 
1970 

1971 
1972 
1973 
1974 
1975 

1976 
1977 



$000,000 



39,646 


54,741 


25,930 


33,761 


8,392 


1 1 ,748 


42,927 


58,475 


27,452 


35,272 


8.885 


12,278 


45,978 


61,487 


29,225 


36,992 


9,556 


12,841 


50,280 


65,610 


31,389 


39,218 


11,205 


14,549 


55,364 


69,981 


33,947 


41,606 


13,179 


16,259 


61,828 


74,844 


36.890 


43,778 


15,361 


18.015 


66,409 


77,344 


39,972 


45,863 


15,628 


17,942 


72,586 


81,864 


43,704 


48,138 


15,754 


17,964 


79,815 


86,225 


47,492 


50,353 


17,232 


18,850 


85,685 


88,390 


50,327 


51,526 


18,015 


18,904 


94,450 


94,450 


55,616 


55,616 


20.800 


20,800 


105,234 


100,248 


62,208 


59,841 


23,051 


21.955 


123,560 


107,812 


71,278 


63,879 


27,848 


24,384 


147,528 


111,678 


83,388 


67,160 


34,260 


25.694 


165,428 


113.133 


97,108 


70,783 


40,044 


26.673 


191.492 


119,394 


110,744 


75.308 


44,895 


27,268 


210,132 


122.561 


122,327 


77,399 


48,434 


27.350 



( 


1971 = 100 


72.4 


76.8 


73.4 


77.8 


74.8 


79.0 


76.6 


80.0 


79.1 


81.6 


82.6 


84.3 


85.9 


87.2 


88.7 


90.8 


92.6 


94.3 


96.9 


97.7 


100.0 


100.0 


105.0 


104.0 


114.6 


111.6 


132.1 


124.2 


146.2 


137.2 


160.4 


147.1 


171.5 


158.0 



) ( 1961/71 = 100 ) 



71.4 


72.4 


74.4 


77.0 


81.1 


85.3 


87.1 


87.7 


91.4 


95.3 


100.0 


105.0 


114.2 


133.3 


150.1 


1646 


177.1 



Percentage change from previous quarter 



100.0 
107.0 
112.9 
120.6 
129.4 

138.2 
143.0 
151.0 
160.3 
164.0 

100.0 
1056 
113.4 
118.1 
119.0 

125.2 
129.0 



100.0 
109.1 
116.5 
127.6 
139.2 

149.8 
154.2 
163 6 
175.9 
173.6 

100.0 
107.2 
116.9 
120.8 
114.1 

120.2 
124.8 



1976-2 


43 


1.1 


44 


2.7 


4.2 


2.3 


3.2 


17 


1.7 


1.6r 


2.7 V 


3 


0.9 


-0.4 


2.1 


0.5 


-2.2 


-4.0 


1.4 


1.6 


1.9 


05r 


-0.7r 


4 


26 


0.6 


3.2 


1.9 


2.1 


0.9 


2.0 


1.2 


1.2 


0.6r 


-0.4r 


1977-1 


24 


1.3 


24 


04 


3.2 


14 


1.0 


2.1 


18 


1.3r 


2.7r 


2 


2.5 


0.3 


18 


-0.5 


26 


02 


2.2 


2.3 


2.5 


0.2 


0.6f 


3 


2.1 


03 


2.3 


0.6 


2.7 


0.4 


1.8 


18 


2.2 


0.7r 


Q.6r 


4 


24 


1.5 


27 


0.8 


-1.1 


-25 


0.9 


1.9 


1.4 


0.7r 


1.4r 



1978-1 



2.3 



0.7 



30 



1.2 



04 



-19 



1.6 



1.7 



2.4 



0.6r 



0.7r 



llnformation in this Section is selected from the sections and tables of the Review; lor example. Section 3, Table 1.1 is identified as S3 Til 

"Actual data 

Note Percentage changes are based on seasonally ad|usted data unless otherwise indicated Monthly and quarterly series and their CANSIM identifiers appear in Sections and 

Tables identified at the head of the data columns 



August 1978 

Selected economic indicators-analytical summary 



Section 1 /Continued 



Balance ot international payments 





















Wages and 


salaries 




Years, 


Real domestic 


product indexes 




Total 


Total 


Current 


Total 










quarters 








Industrial 
production 


current 
receipts 


current 
payments 


account 
balance 


labour 
income 


Manu- 
tacturing 


Con- 
struction 


Trade 


Services 


and 


Construction 


Trade 


Services 


months 


























Section/ 


S3/T2.1 


S3/T2.1 


S3/T2.1 


S3/T2.2 


S3/T4. 1 


S3/T4.1 


S3/T4 1 


S4/T2 


S4/T2 


S4/T2 


S4/T2 


S4/T2 


Table 


( 


1961/71= 


= 100 


) 


( 






$000,000 






) 




100.0 


100 


100.0 


100.0 


7,904 


8,832 


-928 


20,399.4 


5,828.8 


1,493 4 


2,754.0 


3,424.4 


1961 


105.0 


106.5 


106.2 


108.5 


8,548 


9,378 


-830 


21,815.6 


6,232.1 


1,613.6 


2,970.4 


3,758.2 


1962 


107.1 


111.8 


113.2 


115.4 


9,416 


9,937 


-521 


23,262.4 


6,640.1 


1,693.4 


3,184 1 


4,098.9 


1963 


116.4 


120.3 


121.5 


126.0 


10,887 


11,311 


-424 


25,3666 


7,2389 


1,890.3 


3,430.5 


4,5672 


1964 


128.7 


130.2 


130.4 


136.7 


11,648 


12,778 


-1.130 


28,201.4 


7,997.4 


2,262.1 


3,738.9 


5,138.3 


1965 


139.7 


138.2 


140.4 


146.8 


13,600 


14,762 


-1,162 


31,8779 


8,889.8 


2,686.3 


4,098.3 


5,909.2 


1966 


137.6 


144.2 


152.4 


152.5 


15,303 


15,802 


-499 


35,303.2 


9,530.1 


2,833 1 


4,493.1 


6,973.2 


1967 


142.2 


150.0 


160.4 


162.3 


17,464 


17,561 


-97 


38,444.4 


10,157 1 


2,899.4 


4,914.0 


7.918.3 


1968 


146.1 


158.0 


171.4 


173.4 


19,425 


20,342 


-917 


43,064.5 


11,088.2 


3,243.2 


5,549.7 


9,220.6 


1969 


143.5 


160.5 


178.7 


175.9 


21,932 


20,826 


1,106 


46,705.8 


11,588.8 


3.435.9 


6,053.6 


10,388.7 


1970 


100.0 


100.0 


100 


100.0 


23,051 


22,620 


431 


51,528.1 


12,293.4 


4,214.9 


6,561.9 


11,575.9 


1971 


102.4 


109 


104 8 


107.6 


25,483 


25,869 


-386 


57,570.0 


13,580.9 


4,580.9 


7,413.5 


12,902.7 


1972 


107.5 


118.0 


109.8 


117.7 


31,776 


31,668 


108 


66,757.2 


15,527.8 


5,611 4 


8,523.7 


14,741.7 


1973 


112.3 


125.7 


115.3 


121.4 


40,352 


41,812 


-1,460 


80,085.4 


18,124.6 


6,730.3 


10,193.1 


17,622.3 


1974 


116.3 


126.3 


120.0 


114.9 


41,840 


46,597 


-4,757 


93,561.7 


19,932.7 


8.121.0 


11,985.6 


21,087.7 


1975 


122.3 


133.2 


125.4 


120.7 


47,171 


50,972 


-3,801 


108,248.1 


22,794.7 


8,521.3 


13,627 3 


25,144.8 


1976 


119.8 


134.9 


129 4 


125.6 


54,181 


56,331 


-4,150 


120,100.0 


24,966.8 


9,327.6 


14,5747 


28,341 6 


1977 


Percentage change from previous quarter 






l*\ 














0.4r 


2.5r 


1.2r 


2.3r 


4.3 


2.9 


\ ) 
-1,043 


5.0 


40 


-1.6 


2.7 


10 


2-1976 


-4.5r 


0.2r 


1.1r 


-0.4r 


3.0 


0.2 


-721 


1.0 


1.3 


-7.9 


1.8 


-17 


3 


0.4r 


1.2r 


0.7r 


0.5r 


0.3 


1.5 


-874 


5.4 


22 


11.3 


3.7 


9.4 


4 


1.1r 


0.5r 


Mr 


2.5r 


90 


7.9 


-816 


0.9 


2.7 


1.6 


07 


-1.0 


1-1977 


0.2r 


-2.1 r 


0.8 


0.2r 


0.7 


3.7 


-1,238 


2.8 


2.2 


45 


0.7 


3.4 


2 


-1.5f 


1.4r 


09r 


0.7r 


1.4 


1.7 


-1,293 


2.8 


25 


1.3 


1.6 


4.0 


3 


-2.7r 


0.7r 


0.9r 


1.47 


5.3 


1.5 


-803 


1.9 


1.6 


0.5 


20 


1.8 


4 



-2.5 



1.6r 



6r 



Percentage change trom previous month 



5.0 



3.6 



-637 



1.6r 



2.2 



-58r 



28r 



1.5r 



1-1978 



1.6r 
-1.7r 
-0.7r 

1.5r 
-0.3r 
-0.9r 

1.7r 

0.2r 

1.6 

-0.1f 

0.6r 

-0.7r 

0.2r 

1.2r 

-0.5r 

0.4r 

0.3f 

0.7r 

0.2r 

0.5r 

-1.3r 
2.1r 
0.5r 
0.5r 

-0.8 



3.7 


0.6 


-04 


-0.6 


14.4 


M-1976 


0.6 


0.7 


24 


08 


-1.6 


J 


■1.0 


0.8 


-5.9 


0.9 


-64 


J 


0.3 


-0.3 


-0.9 


0.6 


1.9 


A 


0.7 


1 


-87 


04 


1.4 


S 


3.2 


-0.2 


10.6 


1.2 


94 


O 


0.0 


2.5 


8.2 


1.6 


-6.1 


N 


4.7 


2.5 


5.3 


2.5 


7.9 


D 


■3.4 


-0.9 


-5.6 


-19 


-4.8 


J- 1977 


1.2 


1.3 


09 


0.8 


08 


F 


1.6 


0.9 


2.7 


-0.1 


1.4 


M 


0.4 


02 


1.2 


0.3 


1.1 


A 


0.6 


0.8 


1.5 


0.1 


0.4 


M 


1.7 


1.6 


0.7 


0.5 


2.4 


J 


0.9 


0.8 


0.0 


0.0 


1.8 


J 


0.5 


03 


0.8 


1.6 


0.6 


A 


0.7 


0.4 


-0.4 


0.3 


02 


S 


0.5 


0.6 


02 


06 


0.5 


O 


04 


0.7 


-1.9 


-0.3 


0.8 


N 


1.4 


0.3 


46 


2.8 


1.3 


D 


■0.7 


00 


-9.2 


1r 


-1.2r 


J- 1978 


1.5r 


2.4 


2.7r 


0.9r 


1.6c 


F 


0.8r 


06 


-1.4r 


I.Or 


1.6r 


M 


0.5r 


0.5 


1.5 


0.0 


0.9r 


A 


0.8 


0.8 


1.4 


0.2 


0.0 


M 



Section 1 /Continued 

Selected economic indicators-analytical summary 



August 1978 



Years 
quarters 
and 
months 



Labour force 



Total Employed ployed 



Unem- Industrial 
Unem- ployment corn- 



Employment indexes 



Manu- 



Con- 



posite tacfuring struction 







Ratio of 






New 






manu- 






dwelling 


Average 


Average 


facturing 






units 


hourly 


weekly 


inven- 


New 




started 


earnings 


hours 


tories 


passen- 




(centres 


in 


in 


owned 


ger 


Building 


of 10.000 


manu- 


manu- 


to ship- 


car 


permits 


and 



Trade Services facturing facturing 



over) 



Section/ 
Table 



S4/T3 



S4/T3 



S4/T3 



S4/T3 S4/T10 S4/T10 S4/T10 S4/T10 S4/T10 S4/T16 S4/T17 



S6/T1 S6/T16 



S8'T1 



S8/T6 





( 


OOO's of 


persons 


) 


( 


1961 = 100 




) 


$ 






units 


5000.000 




1961 










100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


99.9 


100 


1.83 


40.6 


2.22 


437,319 


2,244.3 


92,741 


1962 










102.2 


103.8 


101.1 


101.2 


101.6 


1.88 


40.7 


2.15 


502,565 


2,516.6 


102,008 


1963 










104.3 


106.2 


100 


103.5 


105.9 


1.95 


40.8 


2.06 


557,787 


2,823.2 


118,512 


1964 










108.2 


111.1 


104.1 


108.1 


114.6 


2.02 


41.0 


2.00 


616,759 


3,267.6 


133,562 


1965 










114.3 


117.2 


117.5 


114.3 


125.9 


2.12 


41.0 


2.01 


708,716 


3,809.6 


135,218 


1966 










120.7 


123.5 


128.8 


122.1 


139.1 


2.25 


40.8 


2.05 


694,820 


3.715.1 


108,329 


1967 










122.6 


123.2 


122.2 


125.8 


153.1 


2.40 


40.3 


2.14 


679,435 


4,067.8 


131,858 


1968 










122.7 


122.1 


119.6 


129.4 


157.4 


2.58 


40.3 


2.00 


741,915 


4,775.7 


162,267 


1969 










127.0 


125.2 


119.1 


136.5 


171.8 


2.79 


40.0 


1.98 


760.803 


4,895.6 


169.739 


1970 


8,396 


7,919 


476 


5.7 


127.1 


122.8 


113.9 


139.2 


178.5 


3.01 


39.7 


2.13 


640.360 


4,700.2 


150,999 


1971 


8,643 


8,107 


536 


6.2 


127.8 


121.6 


115.5 


140.3 


186.4 


3.28 


39.7 


1.98 


780,762 


5,730.1 


180,948 


1972 


8,918 


8,363 


555 


6.2 


129.9 


123.7 


109.3 


146.2 


1935 


3.54 


40.0 


1.88 


858,959 


6,463.6 


206,954 


1973 


9,321 


8,802 


519 


5.6 


135.9 


129.9 


109.9 


155.3 


206.1 


385 


396 


1.81 


970,828 


8,558.9 


211,543 


1974 


9,704 


9,185 


519 


5.3 


142.8 


133.8 


117.1 


165.7 


224.0 


4.37 


389 


1.92 


942.797 


9.280.1 


169.437 


1975 


10,060 


9,363 


697 


6.9 


141.1 


126.3 


117.1 


168.5 


231 9 


5.06 


38.6 


2.12 


989.280 


10.598 


181,846 


1976 


10,308 


9,572 


736 


7.1 


144.1 


128.1 


113.8 


172.2 


2428 


5.76 


387 


2.03 


946.488 


12.199.3 


209.762 


1977 


10,616 


9,754 


862 


8.1 


144.3 


126.3 


110.9 


169.6 


250 1 


6.38 


387 


1 97 


991.398 


12.419.8 


200.201 


Percent 


age change from 


previous quarter 
















1*) 








1976-3 


0.8 


0.7 


2.7 


1.9 


-0.1/ 


-0.1/ 


-7.7/ 


-05 


0.6/ 


2.6/ 


00 


\ l 
203/ 


-10.4 


-7.8 


-7.5 


4 


0.0 


-0.2 


3.0 


2.3 


0.1 


-0.9/ 


3.7r 


-0.1/ 


0.6/ 


2.3r 


0.5/ 


2.04/ 


15.6 


5.1 


5.1 


1977-1 


1.3 


0.8 


7.3 


63 


-0.1/ 


-0.6 


-0.3/ 


-0.2/ 


0.6/ 


3.0/ 


-0.6/ 


1.96 


5.5 


-0.3 


-82 


2 


0.8 


0.6 


3.1 


2.1 


0.1 


1 


0.0/ 


-0.8/ 


0.5 


2.4 


0.0 


1.96 


-97 


3.1 


2.6 


3 


0.9 


0.7 


3.1 


2.5 


0.3 


03 


-1.7/ 


-0.2/ 


1.1/- 


2.5r 


0.4 


1.96/ 


0.7 


-2.5 


4.7 


4 


0.6 


04 


2.5 


20 


-0.5/ 


-08 


-1.8r 


-08 


0.5/ 


1.9/ 


O.Or 


1.94 


-1.7 


5 1 


1.6 


1978-1 


0.9 


09 


1.1 


00 


0.5r 


0.2/ 


-4.1r 


1.3 


2.2/ 


1.4/ 


-0.9/ 


1.92/ 


5.7 


-7.0 


21.2 


2 


1.2 


1.0 


3.6 


2.4 


















-1.0 




-38.2 



Percentage change from previous month 



1976- J 


0.4 


0.4 


0.4 


0.0 


-0.2 


-0.8/ 


1.7/ 


-0.1/ 


0.5/ 


1.1 


-02/ 


202/ 


23 


13.5 


-2.1 


J 


0.8 


0.5 


4.4 


28 


0.3 


0.8/ 


-5.1/ 


0.0/ 


1.9/ 


0.7/ 


03/ 


208/ 


-44 


-5.3 


-3.1 


A 


00 


0.1 


-2.1 


-1.3 


O.Or 


0.1/ 


-1.9/ 


-0.1/ 


-29/ 


0.9 


-0.2/ 


1.96/ 


0.1 


-12.7 


-13.2 


S 


00 


0.0 


0.1 


0.0 


-04r 


-0.6/ 


-6.4/ 


-0.2/ 


1.2/ 


07 


0.0/ 


206/ 


-185 


-1.1 


13.6 


o 


0.0 


-0.2 


36 


2.8 


0.2/ 


-0.3/ 


7.2 


0.0/ 


0.1/ 


0.3/ 


-0.2/ 


209/ 


369 


9.8 


-15.2 


N 


0.0 


0.1 


-1.2 


-1.3 


0.4/ 


0.1/ 


2.0/ 


0.2/ 


0.8/ 


1.5 


0.5/ 


203/ 


-10 6 


4.7 


36.3 


D 


0.1 


0.0 


26 


2.7 


-0.1/ 


-0.2/ 


1.6/ 


-0.2/ 


0.5/ 


0.7 


1.6/ 


200/ 


146 


-56 


-9.8 


1977-J 


07 


7 


08 


00 


-o.u 


-03 


-1.8/ 


-0 1/ 


-0.4/ 


12/ 


-20/ 


200/ 


09 


-2.7 


-4.0 


F 


0.5 


0.1 


6.2 


6.7 


0.0 


-0.2/ 


00 


0.5/ 


0.4/ 


1.0/ 


0.5 


1 98/ 


-0.4 


1.7 


-42 


M 


0.4 


02 


2.8 


1.2 


-0.1/ 


-0.2/ 


-0.5/ 


-10/ 


0.5/ 


0.5/ 


-0.2 


1.94/ 


-1.2 


11.3 


-12.7 


A 


0.2 


0.1 


1.2 


1.2 


1 


-0.1/ 


0.6/ 


-0.2/ 


0.4/ 


0.8 


-0.2 


1 98/ 


-84 


-6.0 


13.3 


M 


0.4 


0.7 


-3.2 


-3.6 


0.1 


0.7/ 


-0.7/ 


0.0/ 


-0.5/ 


1.3 


0.0/ 


1 96/ 


16 


-0.2 


1.3 


J 


00 


-0.1 


1.0 


1.3 


1 


0.0/ 


0.6/ 


-0.1/ 


00/ 


0.3/ 


0.5/ 


1.94/ 


-44 


5.8 


0.0 


J 


03 


0.2 


2 1 


2.5 


0.1/ 


0.2/ 


-1.1/ 


-0.3/ 


0.6/ 


09/ 


0.0/ 


1.95/ 


4.6 


-11.5 


3.1 


A 


0.5 


0.4 


17 


0.0 


03 


0.0/ 


-0.4/ 


0.4/ 


0.8/ 


0.6/ 


0.3/ 


1 98/ 


0.4 


5.4 


2.5 


S 


03 


0.2 


0.7 


1.2 


-0.2/ 


-0.1/ 


-1.3/ 


-0.2/ 


0.6/ 


1.4/ 


-0.2/ 


1.94/ 


-4.6 


7.5 


-18 


O 


0.1 


0.1 


0.0 


0.0 


-0.1/ 


-0.4/ 


0.0 


-0.4/ 


02/ 


0.0/ 


0.0/ 


1 92/ 


3.8 


-100 


-10.8 


N 


1 


0.0 


18 


1.2 


-0.5/ 


-0 1/ 


-1.2/ 


-04/ 


-0.1/ 


0.8/ 


-0.2 


1.98/ 


-07 


10 6 


13.0 


D 


0.2 


0.1 


09 


1.2 


-0.2/ 


-0.3/ 


01/ 


0.0/ 


-0.6/ 


06 


0.8/ 


1.94/ 


-6.0 


68 


15.2 


1978-J 


0.0 


0.2 


-2.1 


-2.3 


0.6/ 


0.3/ 


-3.0/ 


1.1/ 


2.0/ 


00/ 


-2.5/ 


1 95/ 


4.7 


-10.3 


8.1 


F 


0.7 


0.7 


1.1 


00 


0.5/ 


0.3/ 


-0.2/ 


0.6/ 


13/ 


08/ 


24 


1 92/ 


11.7 


-7.1 


-1.3 


M 


0.8 


0.5 


4.1 


3.6 


00 


1/ 


-1.6 


-0.1/ 


-0.3/ 


0.6/ 


-1.0/ 


1.89/ 


-6.0 


3 1 


-17 


A 


0.1 


0.1 


-0.3 


0.0 


-0.1/ 


0.0/ 


0.5/ 


-0.2/ 


-03/ 


0.0/ 


0.8/ 


1.85/ 


-0.4 


13.0/ 


-33 8 


M 


0.4 


03 


1.5 


00 


-0.1 


-03 


08 


0.1/ 


-0.2 


0.9 


00 


1.85 


-1.6 


-90 


-53 


J 


04 


0.5 


-0.5 


0.0 


















36 




-46 


J 


04 


06 


-1.8 


-2.3 

























*Acfual data 

Note Percentage changes are based on seasonally adjusted data unless otherwise indicated Monthly and quarterly series and their CANSIM identifiers appear in Sections and 

Tables identified at fhe head of fhe data columns 



10 



August 1978 

Selected economic indicators-analytical summary 



Section 1 /Concluded 



















Consumer 




Not seasonally adjusted 




















Gov't of 


credit 




















Mer- 








Canada 


end of 










Gross 




Value 


ol retail trade 


chandise 






Three 


average 


period 










weighted 










exports 
(including 


Mer- 


Rail 
revenue 


month 
treasury 


bond 
yield 


(total 
monthly 


Consumer price inde 




Index of 
industrial 


industrial 
selling 


Years 




Total 


Motor 


quarters 




ex motor 


vehicles 


re- 


chandise 


(reight 


bill 


10 years 


re- 




Total 




common 


price 


and 


Total 


vehicles 


dealers 


exports) 


imports 


loaded 


yield 


and over 


porters) 


Total 


ex food 


Food 


stocks 


index 


months 






























Section/ 


S10/T1 


S10/T1 


S10/T1 


S11/T1 


S11/T2 


S12/T1 


S13/T9 


S13/T9 


S10/T6 


S5/T4 


S5/T4 


S5/T4 


S13/T8 


S5/T1 


Table 


( 




$000,000 




) 


000 tons 


% 


% 


$000,000 ( 




1971 


= 100 




) 




16,073 




2,599 


5,902.6 


5,768.6 


130,448 


2.83 


5.05 


3,336 


75.0 


74.6 


76 1 


68.0 




1961 


17,137 




2,957 


6,347.7 


6,257.8 


135,028 


4.01 


5.11 


3,694 


75.9 


75.3 


77.5 


65.6 




1962 


18.207 




3,312 


6,980.1 


6,558.1 


147,761 


3.57 


5 09 


4.153 


77.2 


76.2 


800 


70.3 




1963 


19.493 




3,612 


8,303.2 


7,487.8 


174,069 


3.74 


5.18 


4.832 


78.6 


77.6 


81.3 


85.5 




1964 


21,155 




4,175 


8.766.8 


8,6332 


179,867 


3.97 


5.21 


5,584 


80.5 


79.5 


83.4 


95.0 




1965 


22,686 


18,349 


4,338 


10,325.4 


10,071.9 


188,672 


5.00 


5.69 


6,043 


83.5 


81.7 


88.7 


90.3 




1966 


24,155 


19,722 


4,433 


11,419.9 


10,872.6 


185,927 


4.59 


5.94 


6,668 


86.5 


85.3 


89.9 


95.4 




1967 


25,711 


20,997 


4,714 


13,624.0 


12,358.1 


192,458 


6.24 


6.75 


7,685 


90.0 


89.0 


92.8 


97.7 




1968 


27,401 


22,605 


4,796 


14,871.1 


14,130.4 


183,270 


7.14 


7.58 


8,743 


94.1 


93.1 


96.7 


107.2 




1969 


28,034 


23,837 


4,197 


1 6,820. 1 


13,951.9 


207,211 


6.12 


791 


9,163 


97.2 


96.6 


989 


989 




1970 


30,648 


25,722 


4,925 


17,818.2 


15,617.0 


213,120 


3.62 


6.95 


9,866 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


1971 


34,106 


27,866 


6,240 


20,149.8 


18,669 3 


213,851 


3.55 


7.23 


11.625 


104 8 


1037 


107.6 


118.8 


104.4 


1972 


38,335 


30,913 


7,422 


25,4206 


23,3254 


240,575 


5.39 


7.56 


13.854 


112.7 


108 9 


123.3 


134.1 


116.1 


1973 


44,751 


35,448 


8,303 


32,442.5 


31,722.1 


244,748 


7.78 


890 


1 6,207 


125.0 


118.6 


143.4 


111.6 


138.1 


1974 


51,399 


41,216 


10,184 


33,328.3 


34,715.7 


228,704 


7.36 


9.03 


18,918 


138.5 


130.5 


161.9 


104.2 


153.7 


1975 


57,167 


46,109 


11,058 


38,3966 


37,4444 


241,262 


8.89 


9.18 


22,142 


148 9 


142.8 


166.2 


108.5 


161.6 


1976 


61,651 


49,902 


11,750 


44,375.5 


42,156.0 


251,112 


7.35 


8.70 


24,799 


160.8 


154.0 


180.1 


97.2 


174.0 


1977 


Percentage change from previous quarter 




t*\ 


i*\ 
















0.9 


1.1 


-0.2 


3.8 


0.7 


58 


\ ) 
904 


\ ) 
9.26 


4.5 


1.5 


2.0 


03 


-4.1 


1.1 


3-1976 


2.4 


2.0 


39 


-1.2 


0.4 


-24 


8.79 


8.79 


4.1 


1.5 


2.2 


-0.6 


-10.3 


1.0 


4 


2.5 


2.5 


2.7 


11.9 


80 


2.9 


7.79 


8.66 


38 


2.1 


1.8 


30 


29 


3.0 


1-1977 


0.0 


0.8 


-3.5 


-0.6 


4.4 


2.4 


7.29 


8.78 


2.5 


2.4 


1.9 


3.7 


-2.0 


2.6 


2 


3.1 


2.9 


3.9 


2.3 


-0.1 


-0.7 


7.12 


8.63 


2.4 


2.2 


1.5 


38 


-24 


1.2 


3 


2.8 


3.3 


08 


3.8 


08 


-37 


721 


8.74 


2.8 


2.2 


19 


28 


-5.4 


1.2 


4 


3.2 


3.5 


23 


8.7 


37 


28 


7.33 


9.13 


34 


18 


1.4 


3.1 


02 


2.4 


1-1978 


3.4 


2.0 


97 






-167 


8.18 


9.23 




2.4 


1.1 


5.9 


8.9 


2.4 


2 



Percentage change from previous month 



3.1 


2.7 


4.7 


4.7 


43 


-0.3 


899 


935 


1.7 


05 


0.5 


0.2 


-1.8 


0.4 


J- 1976 


-0.9 


-0.8 


-1.2 


-2.4 


-2.2 


4.1 


9.02 


9.37 


1.3 


04 


0.6 


0.3 


-1.8 


02 


J 


00 


-0.4 


1.2 


4.2 


0.3 


17 


9.12 


9.24 


1.6 


0.5 


0.8 


-0.5 


-1.7 


0.2 


A 


0.7 


2 1 


-48 


0.1 


1.4 


0.2 


8.97 


9.16 


14 


05 


1.0 


-0.6 


-1.2 


0.7 


S 


18 


1.0 


49 


-3.2 


-7.1 


-1.6 


9.07 


9.09 


1.3 


07 


0.8 


0.0 


-60 


0.0 


O 


-1.1 


-1.4 


-0.1 


-3.0 


9 1 


-2.0 


8.88 


882 


12 


03 


0.5 


-02 


-4.4 


0.1 


N 


2.8 


1.9 


64 


8.2 


2.8 


-0.3 


8.41 


8.47 


1.1 


03 


0.3 


0.4 


-0.8 


1.2 


D 


0.8 


1.4 


-1.2 


1.7 


-09 


1.4 


8.08 


8.52 


1.4 


09 


0.7 


1.2 


3.7 


1.1 


J- 1977 


-0.3 


0.0 


-1.5 


1.2 


40 


2.2 


7.67 


862 


1.2 


09 


0.5 


2.0 


1.0 


0.7 


F 


1.3 


0.9 


28 


14.0 


4.1 


2.9 


7.61 


8.83 


1.1 


1.0 


1.0 


0.9 


1.9 


1.4 


M 


-0.7 


0.0 


-4.2 


-6.2 


20 


0.2 


7.55 


8.85 


0.7 


0.6 


0.5 


1.0 


-1.4 


1.0 


A 


0.0 


0.1 


-0.5 


-5.3 


-2.1 


-1.2 


7.26 


8.77 


0.5 


0.8 


0.5 


1.4 


-2.7 


0.6 


M 


0.1 


0.2 


-0.3 


1.5 


-0.5 


1.4 


7.07 


8.72 


08 


0.7 


0.6 


1.1 


-0.9 


0.1 


J 


0.9 


1.2 


-0.5 


6.1 


0.8 


-0.6 


7.12 


8.70 


0.8 


09 


0.4 


2.1 


1.9 


07 


J 


3.2 


2.4 


6.8 


-0.7 


1.0 


-0.2 


7.16 


8.57 


0.8 


0.4 


0.5 


0.5 


-2.1 


0.3 


A 


0.1 


-0.1 


1.1 


-6.5 


-1.5 


-1.0 


7.09 


8.61 


1.1 


06 


0.7 


0.2 


-43 


0.3 


S 


0.7 


1.0 


-0.7 


14.4 


3.7 


0.0 


7.19 


8 70 


0.5 


1.0 


0.8 


1.4 


-2.5 


04 


O 


1.7 


2.1 


0.0 


-10.9 


-1.7 


-55 


7.25 


8.74 


1.2 


0.7 


0.6 


0.8 


-1.1 


0.4 


N 


-0.3 


0.4 


-3.8 


8.6 


-2.7 


2.1 


7.18 


877 


1.3 


0.7 


0.3 


1.6 


4.3 


0.3 


D 


1.0 


1.0 


1.0 


10 


2.6 


6.0 


7.14 


9.06 


0.9 


04 


0.2 


0.8 


-1.9 


1.3 


J- 1978 


2.9 


2.2 


5.8 


7.8 


11.2 


0.2 


7.24 


9.15 


1.1 


07 


0.6 


7 


-1.5 


0.6 


F 


0.0 


-0.1 


0.1 


2.1r 


-10.5 


-7.8 


7.62 


9.17 


1.4 


1.1 


1.1 


14 


2.1 


0.6r 


M 


1.0 


-0.6 


78 


9.6r 


31.1 


-8.4 


8.18 


922 


1.1r 


02 


-0.3 


1.7 


6.1 


1.4 


A 


1.0r 


2.0r 


-2.7 


-14.9/- 


-18.5r 


-8.8 


8.13 


9.23 


0.8 


14 


0.6 


3.3 


1.9 


0.4 


M 


2.3 


1.7 


4.9 


-7.9 


1.3 


6.3 


8.24 
8.43 


9.23 

9.17 


1.2 


09 
1.5 


0.4 
0.4 


2.0 

40 


16 
1.4 


0.4 


J 
J 



11 



Section 2 ■ Population Statistics 

14 1. Population by Province 

14 2. Immigration to Canada, by Country of Last Permanent Residence 

15 3. Immigration to Canada, by Province of (Intended) Destination 

15 4. Immigration to Canada, by (Intended) Occupational Group 

16 5. Births, by Province 
16 6. Deaths, by Province 
16 7. Marriages, by Province 



13 



Section 2-Tables 1 and 2 

Table 1: Population), by province (thousands) 



August 1978 



Year and 




























quarter 


Canada 


Nfld. 


P.E.I. 


N.S. 


N.B. 


Que. 


Ont 


Man 


Sask 


Alta. 


B.C. 


Yukon 


N.W.T. 


D 


1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


1976 June 


22,992.6 


557.7 


118.2 


828.6 


677.3 


6,234.5 


8,264.5 


1,021.5 


921.3 


1,838.0 


2,466.6 


21.8 


42.6 


1977 June 


23,291.1 


562.5 


1203 


8354 


686.4 


6,283.1 


8,373.5 


1,031.3 


936.5 


1,899.7 


2,497.6 


21.5 


43.3 


1975 July 


22,726.9 


550.1 


117.4 


8203 


666.2 


6,1845 


8,181.9 


1,015.0 


908.8 


1,782.5 


2,437.5 


21.4 


41 3 


Oct. 


22,815.7 


552.8 


1177 


824.0 


6708 


6,198.6 


8,211 8 


1,016.0 


913.5 


1,799.0 


2,447.9 


21.6 


42.0 


1976 Jan 


22,883.9 


554.8 


118.0 


826.5 


673.8 


6,211.5 


8,228.8 


1.018.2 


916.7 


1,814.4 


2,457.1 


21.8 


42.3 


Apr. 


22,946.3 


556.1 


118.0 


827.7 


6759 


6,224.6 


8,250.0 


1,020 3 


9196 


1,828.1 


2.461 8 


21 8 


42.4 


July 


23,025.4 


558.5 


118.4 


8294 


678.2 


6,2400 


8,278.1 


1,022.1 


922.5 


1,843.7 


2.469.8 


22.0 


42.7 


Oct. 


23,111.3 


5600 


119.1 


832.7 


681.2 


6,2554 


8,306 1 


1,024.4 


9275 


1.862.3 


2,477.6 


21.9 


43.1 


1977 Jan. 


23,179.6 


560.7 


119.8 


833.9 


683.5 


6,2656 


8,329.7 


1,027.1 


931 4 


1,878.0 


2.485.2 


21.7 


43.0 


Apr. 


23,242.9 


561.5 


120.1 


834.5 


685.2 


6,276 1 


8,354.7 


1,029 5 


934 5 


1,890.2 


2,492.1 


21.4 


43.1 


July 


23,315.6 


563.2 


1206 


835.7 


687 1 


6.285 1 


8,383.9 


1,032.1 


9379 


1.904.2 


2.5007 


21.6 


43.5 


Oct. 


23,388.1 


564.1 


121.3 


8380 


689 8 


6,2835 


8,417 


1,032.4 


941 2 


1.923.0 


2.512.1 


21 8 


43.9 


1978 Jan. 


23,4442 


564.8 


121.9 


8396 


691.9 


6,280.9 


8,441 1 


1,034.7 


9440 


1,9362 


2.523.4 


220 


43.7 


Apr. 


23,497 7 


565.2 


122.2 


8407 


693.2 


6,2900 


8,460.9 


1,036 


945.6 


1.948 


2.530.1 


22.1 


43.7 



lAs of the first of each month Estimates from July 1, 1976 onward are preliminary and will be updated as final data on components become available For an explanation of 
population estimates methodology and data sources see catalogue 91-201 (1977 edition) 

Source: Quarterly Estimates of Population for Canada and Provinces (91-001), Annual Estimates of Population for Canada and Provinces at June 1st (91-201). Statis- 
tics Canada. 



Table 2: Immigration to Canada, by country of last permanent residence (number) 



Year 




United 


























and 




Kingdom 






Nether- 








Other 




Austra- 


United 


West 


All 


quarter 


Total 


& Ireland 


France 


Germany 


lands 


Greece 


Italy 


Portugal 


Europe 


Asia 


lasia 


States 


Indies 


other 


D 


27 


28 


29 


30 


31 


32 


33 


34 


35 


36 


37 


38 


39 


40 


1975 


187,881 


36,076 


3.891 


3.469 


1.448 


4.062 


5.078 


8,547 


10.327 


47.382 


2.174 


20.155 


17,800 


27,472 


1976 


149,429 


22,187 


3.251 


2.672 


1,359 


2.487 


4.530 


5,344 


8,078 


44.328 


1.886 


17.315 


14,723 


21,269 


1975 1 


43.448 


9.376 


723 


684 


385 


919 


1.008 


2.672 


2.573 


10.452 


554 


3.835 


4.289 


5.978 


2 


51,459 


10,248 


1,127 


1.077 


481 


1.096 


1.371 


2.300 


2.837 


13.560 


669 


5.339 


4.229 


7.125 


3 


54,550 


9,077 


1.248 


984 


337 


1.265 


1,451 


1.911 


2.545 


14.210 


544 


7.051 


5.526 


8.401 


4 


38,424 


7,375 


793 


724 


245 


782 


1.248 


1.664 


2.372 


9.160 


407 


3.930 


3,756 


5.968 


1976 1 


32,359 


5.402 


829 


518 


255 


534 


834 


1.071 


1.918 


8.769 


377 


3.149 


3.487 


5,216 


2 


41,376 


5.931 


834 


830 


445 


762 


1.460 


2.051 


2.251 


10.658 


589 


5.621 


3,946 


5.998 


3 


43.776 


6,102 


846 


828 


443 


722 


1,322 


1.276 


2.086 


14.449 


547 


5.366 


4,097 


5.692 


4 


31.918 


4,752 


742 


496 


216 


469 


914 


946 


1.823 


10,452 


373 


3.179 


3.193 


4,363 


1977 1 


25,557 


4,159 


612 


511 


274 


461 


676 


849 


1,632 


7.027 


344 


2.747 


2.554 


3.711 


2 


32.426 


5,162 


671 


681 


437 


589 


903 


969 


1.946 


9.048 


503 


3.740 


3.236 


4.541 


3 


32.991 


4,969 


919 


640 


347 


537 


1.086 


961 


1.858 


8.949 


428 


4.096 


3.386 


4.815 


4 


23,940 


4,278 


555 


422 


189 


373 


746 


800 


1.536 


6.344 


270 


2.305 


2.624 


3.498 



Source: Quarterly Bulletin. Department of Manpower and Immigration. 



14 



August 1978 

Table 3: Immigration to Canada, by province of (intended) destination 



Section 2-Tables 3 and 4 



Year and 
























Yukon. 


quarter 


Canada 


Nfld. 


PE.I 


N.S 


N.-B. 


Que. 


Ont. 


Man 


Sask 


Alta. 


B.C. 


N.W.T. 


D 


74 


75 


76 


77 


78 


79 


80 


81 


82 


83 


84 


85 


1975 


187,881 


1,106 


235 


2,124 


2,093. 


28,042 


98,471 


7,134 


2,837 


16,277 


29,272 


290 


1976 


149,429 


725 


235 


1,942 


1.752 


29,282 


72,031 


5,509 


2,323 


14,896 


20,484 


250 


1975 1 


43,448 


184 


63 


447 


467 


5,861 


24,014 


1,571 


593 


3.213 


6,971 


64 


2 


51,459 


269 


73 


589 


452 


8,246 


26,253 


1,958 


710 


4,606 


8,221 


82 


3 


54,550 


434 


64 


695 


666 


8,613 


27,541 


2,109 


926 


4,981 


8.455 


66 


4 


38,424 


219 


35 


393 


508 


5.322 


20,663 


1,496 


608 


3,477 


5,625 


78 


1976 1 


32,359 


177 


51 


303 


318 


6,023 


1 5,790 


1,236 


494 


3,051 


4,857 


59 


2 


41,376 


165 


70 


577 


699 


6.973 


20,376 


1,589 


566 


4,232 


6,058 


71 


3 


43,776 


238 


65 


659 


439 


9.560 


20,705 


1,490 


689 


4,400 


5,473 


58 


4 


31,918 


145 


49 


403 


296 


6.726 


15.160 


1,194 


574 


3,213 


4,096 


62 


1977 1 


25.557 


144 


28 


358 


362 


4,630 


12,241 


1,119 


462 


2.803 


3,381 


29 


2 


32.426 


144 


59 


437 


357 


5,429 


16,115 


1,414 


649 


3,550 


4,231 


41 


3 


32,991 


183 


49 


442 


266 


5.342 


16,240 


1,431 


702 


3,819 


4,465 


52 


4 


23.940 


112 


56 


350 


173 


3,847 


11,998 


1,094 


418 


2,522 


3,318 


52 



Source: Quarterly Bulletin, Department of Manpower and Immigration. 



Table 4: Immigration to Canada, by (intended) occupational groupi (number) 

















Destined 


to the labour force 










Not destined to the labour lorce 






Profes- 




Commer- 




Transport 




Mining 












Students 




Year 




Total 




sional 




cial 


Service 


and 




and 












18 years 




and 




immi- 


Mana- 


and 




and fi- 


and re- 


communi- 


Agricul- 


quarry- 


Manufac- 


La- 


Sub- 






and 


Sub- 


quarte 


r 


gration 


gerial 


technical 


Clerical 


nancial 


creation 


cation 


ture 


ing/? 


tunng3 


bourers 


total 


Wives 


Children 


over)5 


total 




D 


55 


56 


57 


58 


59 


60 


61 


62 


63 


64 


65 


66 


67 


68 


69 


70 


1975 




187,881 


5,763 


19,821 


11,803 


3,294 


7,198 


1,055 


1,511 


349 


24,696 


1,183 


81,189 


30,175 


56,722 


7,811 


106,692 


1976 




1 49,429 


5,655 


14,378 


9,345 


2,632 


5,774 


784 


1,162 


163 


16,578 


915 


61,461 


25,330 


42.197 


8.218 


87,968 


1975 


1 


43,448 


1,319 


4,245 


2,959 


871 


1,882 


238 


390 


99 


6,422 


287 


19.877 


6,730 


12.765 


1,836 


23,571 




2 


51,459 


1,567 


5,216 


3,282 


929 


2,005 


286 


450 


104 


7,136 


318 


22,424 


8,333 


15,535 


2,009 


29,035 




3 


54,550 


1,707 


6,175 


3,165 


822 


1.855 


304 


415 


74 


6.491 


338 


22,576 


8,838 


17,170 


2,407 


31,974 




4 


38,424 


1,170 


4,185 


2,397 


672 


1,456 


227 


256 


72 


4,647 


240 


16.312 


6,274 


11,252 


1,559 


22,112 


1976 


1 


32,359 


1,185 


3,419 


2,216 


585 


1,354 


184 


229 


38 


3,934 


194 


14,111 


5,248 


9.079 


1,624 


18,248 




2 


41,376 


1,489 


3,659 


2,691 


727 


1.607 


228 


396 


43 


4,670 


256 


16.875 


7,358 


11,364 


2,133 


24,501 




3 


43,776 


1,823 


4,569 


2,571 


728 


1,460 


206 


291 


37 


4,377 


262 


1 7,604 


7,345 


12,571 


2,732 


26,172 




4 


31.918 


1,158 


2,731 


1,867 


592 


1,353 


166 


246 


45 


3,597 


203 


12,871 


5,379 


9,183 


1,729 


19,047 


1977 


1 


25,557 


1,023 


2,374 


1,593 


500 


1,087 


133 


278 


30 


3,093 


155 


10,962 


4,351 


6,793 


1,360 


14,595 




2 


32,426 


1,136 


2,830 


2,028 


604 


1,316 


137 


397 


30 


3,669 


208 


13,445 


5,636 


8,449 


1,807 


18,981 




3 


32.991 


1,238 


3,290 


1,973 


664 


1,274 


139 


312 


36 


3,226 


166 


13,344 


5,533 


9.019 


2,051 


19,647 




4 


23,940 


862 


2,299 


1,487 


464 


1,056 


94 


228 


25 


2,469 


110 


9,874 


4,051 


6.257 


1,349 


14,066 



iThe occupational status of the maionty of the persons destined to the labour force is determined by immigration officials by an examination ol documentary evidence provided 
by the immigrants The classification of occupations is similar to that used in the 1961 Census, see Occupational Classification Manual. Census of Canada. 1961, Catalogue 
Number 12-506. 2|ncludes logging, fishing, trapping and hunting 3|ncludes mechanical and construction includes a small number in non-specified occupations 5Does 
not include students entering Canada on students' visas 6|ncludes also retired persons, elderly dependents, fiances or fiancees and other unspecified persons not intending 
to enter the labour force. 
Source: Quarterly Bulletin, Department of Manpower and Immigration. 



15 



Section 2-Tables 5-7 

Table 5: Births,' by province (number) 



1978 1 



88.460 



2.880 



490 



2.950 



2,820 24,690 



30.120 



3,980 



3,530 



7,590 



9.120 



August 1978 



Year 
and 
quarter 


Canada 


Nfld. 


P.E.I. 


N.S. 


N.B. 


Que 


Ont 


Man. 


Sask 


Alia. 


BC 


Yukon 


N.W.T. 


D 


144 


145 


146 


147 


148 


149 


150 


151 


152 


153 


154 


155 


156 



1976 


364,630 


11,320 


1,900 


13,200 


12,060 


95,420 


124,770 


17,240 


15,570 


33,000 


38,590 


450 


1,110 


1977 


360,340 


11,210 


1,870 


12,610 


12,230 


94,560 


123,630 


17,010 


15,670 


32.490 


37,620 


430 


1,010 


1975 2 


93,142 


3,027 


492 


3,296 


3,069 


24,701 


32,381 


4,437 


3,850 


8,030 


9,450 


102 


307 


3 


92,124 


2,938 


499 


3,408 


3,035 


23,855 


32,121 


4,454 


3,966 


8,181 


9,278 


109 


280 


4 


85,003 


2,279 


473 


3,247 


2,832 


20.859 


30,419 


4,136 


3,765 


7,856 


8,751 


98 


288 


1976 1 


93,130 


2,970 


500 


3,310 


3,100 


25,560 


32,360 


4,410 


3,520 


8,260 


8,750 


90 


300 


2 


93,250 


3,140 


440 


3,390 


3,190 


24,970 


31,480 


4,420 


4,140 


8,310 


9,410 


100 


260 


3 


93,090 


2,880 


470 


3,480 


3.140 


24,450 


31,620 


4,290 


4,100 


8,580 


9.630 


140 


310 


4 


85,160 


2,330 


490 


3.020 


2.630 


20.440 


29,310 


4,120 


3,810 


7,850 


10,800 


120 


240 


1977 1 


91,930 


2,990 


480 


3,140 


3,130 


25.110 


31,030 


4,140 


3,680 


8,230 


9,680 


90 


230 


2 


93,480 


3,200 


430 


3,340 


3,290 


24.760 


32,020 


4,290 


4,130 


8,420 


9,240 


120 


240 


3 


89,530 


2,760 


490 


3,210 


3,130 


22,840 


30,690 


4,450 


3,870 


8,090 


9.590 


100 


310 


4 


85,400 


2,260 


470 


2,920 


2,680 


21,850 


29,890 


4,130 


3,990 


7,750 


9,110 


120 


230 



100 



190 



Table 


6: 


Deaths,' by province 


(number) 






















Year 

and 
quarter 




Canada Nfld 


PEI 


NS 


NB 


Que. 


Ont 


Man 


Sask 


Alta 


BC 


Yukon 


N.W.T 


D 




157 158 


159 


160 


161 


162 


163 


164 


165 


166 


167 


168 


169 



1976 
1977 

1975 2 
3 
4 

1976 1 
2 
3 

4 

1977 1 
2 
3 
4 

1978 1 



166,490 


3,230 


1.060 


6,860 


5,160 


42,750 


60,710 


8,410 


7,560 


11.320 


19.100 


169,040 


3.290 


1,080 


6,980 


5,300 


43,830 


61,380 


8,690 


7,520 


11.490 


19,190 


40,262 


766 


232 


1.678 


1,191 


10.600 


14,406 


2.056 


1.837 


2,692 


4,723 


40,636 


789 


248 


1,652 


1,246 


10.800 


14,553 


2.147 


1.864 


2.725 


4.538 


41,541 


787 


257 


1,697 


1,292 


10,650 


15,135 


1.996 


1,969 


2,913 


4,758 


44,140 


890 


270 


1.750 


1,440 


10,810 


16,700 


2.100 


1.850 


2.950 


5.310 


42,120 


790 


280 


1,810 


1,310 


11,260 


14,780 


2.170 


2.010 


2.960 


4,660 


39,160 


750 


230 


1,610 


1,110 


10.110 


14,150 


2.080 


1.770 


2,740 


4.520 


41,070 


800 


280 


1,690 


1,300 


10,570 


15,080 


2,060 


1,930 


2.670 


4.610 


43.140 


890 


270 


1.790 


1.400 


10.630 


16.240 


2.140 


1,810 


2.900 


5.000 


44,080 


780 


280 


1,900 


1.370 


12.320 


15,540 


2.150 


2,110 


3.110 


4,460 


40,030 


810 


270 


1,620 


1.310 


10.060 


14,310 


2.280 


1.760 


2.890 


4.630 


41,790 


810 


260 


1.670 


1.220 


10.820 


15.290 


2,120 


1,840 


2.590 


5.100 



45,110 



900 



310 



1,760 



1.490 



10.980 



1 7,400 



2,260 



1,870 



2,870 



5,210 



130 
120 

30 
24 
32 

40 
30 
30 

30 

30 
20 
40 
30 

20 



200 
170 

51 
50 

55 

30 
60 
60 

50 

40 
40 
50 
40 

40 



Table 


7: 


Marr 


iages,' 


by province 


(number) 






















Year 
and 
quarter 






Canada 


Nfld 


PEI 


MS 


NB 


Que 


Ont 


Man 


Sask 


Alta 


BC 


Yukon 


N.W.T. 


D 






170 


171 


172 


173 


174 


175 


176 


177 


178 


179 


180 


181 


182 



1976 
1977 

1975 2 
3 
4 

1976 1 
2 
3 
4 

1977 1 
2 
3 
4 

1978 1 



198.020 
190,260 

57,010 
73,433 
43,055 

24,130 
57,550 
74,060 
42,280 

22,170 
54,580 
72,010 
41,500 

22,150 



4.410 
4.100 

1.116 

1,589 

967 

600 
1,230 
1.690 

890 

540 
1.050 
1.700 

810 

510 



1,050 
950 

241 
401 
205 

80 
300 
450 
220 

90 
260 
420 
180 

70 



7.190 
6.490 

1.931 
2.680 
1,545 

920 
2,070 
2.720 
1.480 

830 
1.600 
2.600 
1,460 

800 



6,120 
5.860 

1.627 
2.430 
1,271 

520 
1,780 
2.580 
1,240 

490 
1,740 
2.440 
1.190 

450 



49.190 
47,180 

14,446 

22.630 

9.106 

4,190 
13.520 
22.350 

9.130 

4.070 
12.690 
21.460 

8.960 

4.180 



71,860 
69.130 

21.564 
24.698 
16.365 

9,760 
21.630 
24.680 
1 5,790 

8.850 
20,730 
23,680 
15.870 

8.740 



9.090 
8.890 

2.677 
3.090 
2.017 

1,120 
2.700 
3.280 
1.990 

920 
2.780 
3.230 
1.960 

910 



8.060 
7.600 

2.259 
2.967 
1,925 

840 
2.300 
3.090 
1.830 

750 
2.150 
2.990 
1.710 

680 



18.350 
18.380 

4.995 
5.799 
4.278 

2,420 
5.840 
5.830 
4,260 

2,520 
5,870 
5.920 
4.070 

2.310 



22.280 
21.220 

6.052 
7.023 
5.249 

3.590 
6.070 
7.270 
5.350 

3.010 
5.600 
7.420 
5.190 

3,410 



160 
190 

50 
62 
55 

30 
40 
50 
40 

40 
40 
70 
40 

40 



260 
270 

52 
64 
72 

60 
70 
70 
60 

60 
70 
80 
60 

50 



1 Figures tor the year ending and quarters of 1974 represent the actual number ot events reported by the provinces The counts for the year 1975 are provisional while those for 
the succeeding years are estimates The figures tor Yukon and Northwest Territories lor the quarters in the year 1975 are estimates 
Source: Vital Statistics (84-001). (84-204), (84-205). and (84-206). Statistics Canada. 



16 



Section 3 • System of National Accounts 



1 . Income and Expenditure Accounts 

18 1.1 National Income and Gross National Product 

18 1.2 Gross National Expenditure 

19 1.3 Gross National Expenditure, Constant Dollars 

19 1.4 Sources of Personal Income 

20 1.5 Disposition of Personal Income 

20 1.6 Sources and Disposition of Gross Saving 

21 1.7 Government Revenue, Expenditure, and Surplus or Deficit, by Level of Government 
25 1.8 Implicit Price Indexes, Gross National Expenditure 

25 1.9 Relation between Gross National Product at Market Prices and 

Gross Domestic Product at Factor Cost 

2. Domestic Product by Industry 

26 2.1 Real Domestic Product by Industry of Origin, Quarterly 

27 2.2 Real Domestic Product by Industry of Origin, Monthly 

3. Balance of International Payments 

32 3.1 Canadian Balance of International Payments, Current Account, All Countries 

33 3.2 Canadian Balance of International Payments, Current Account, Area Distribution 

34 3.3 Canadian Balance of International Payments, Capital Account, All Countries 



17 



Section 3-Tables 1.1 and 1.2 

1 -Income and expenditure accounts 

Table 1.1: National income and gross national product (millions ot dollars) 



August 1978 































GNP at 






























market 




Wages. 










Accr'd 


Net 














prices 




salaries, 










net 


income of 








Capital 






excl. 




and 




Corpo- 


Deduct 


Interest 


income 


non-farm 




Net 




consump 






accrued 




supple- 


Military 


ration 


dividends 


& misc. 


ot larm 


un-mcorp. 




national 


Indirect 


allow- 






net 


Year 


mentary 


pay and 


profits 


paid 


invest- 


operators 


business 


Inventory 


income 


taxes 


ances 


Residual 


GNP at 


income 


and 


labour 


allow- 


betore 


to non- 


ment 


from farm 


incl. 


valuation 


at factor 


less 


& misc. 


error of 


market 


of farm 


quarter 


income 


ances 


taxesl 


residents2 


income^ 


prod. 4 


rent5 


ad|ust.6 


cost 


subsidies 


val. ad|. 


estimate 


prices 


operators 


D 


40032 


40001 


40002 


40003 


40004 


40005 


40006 


40007 


40008 


40009 


40010 


40011 


40548 


40013 


D 


40240 


40241 


40242 


40243 


40244 


40245 


40246 


40247 


40248 


40249 


40250 


40251 


40551 


40253 



976 


108,248 


1,453 


20,281 


-1,688 


11,078 


3,584 


8,304 


-2,038 


149,222 


21,269 


20,783 


977 


120,100 


1,547 


22,330 


-1,844 


12,958 


3,069 


8,790 


-3,287 


163.663 


23,679 


23.184 



Unadjusted for seasonality 



1976 4 



28.707 



376 



4,955 



-703 



2,956 



-129 



2,162 



-535 



37.789 



5,601 



5.440 



218 191,492 187,908 
-394 210,132 207,063 



1.003 49,833 49,962 



977 1 


28,164 


381 


4.993 


-327 


3,218 


-603 


1,961 


-1,115 


36,672 


5.861 


5,530 


-751 


47,312 


47,915 


2 


29,942 


385 


5,746 


-377 


3,184 


-233 


2,195 


-871 


39,971 


5,546 


5,764 


-346 


50,935 


51,168 


3 


30,822 


381 


5,660 


-332 


3,205 


4,027 


2.335 


-735 


45,363 


5.957 


5.911 


-185 


57.046 


53.019 


4 


31,172 


400 


5,931 


-808 


3,351 


-122 


2,299 


-566 


41,657 


6.315 


5.979 


888 


54.839 


54,961 



1978 1 



30,733 



404 



5,445 



-335 



3,591 



-583 



Seasonally adjusted at annual rates 

1976 4 114,464 1,480 19,412 -1,732 11,868 2,744 



2,148 



8,468 



-1.006 40.397 



6,478 



1978 1 



125,864 



1,604 24,676 



-1,720 13,728 



2,920 



9,248 



6.109 



-2.680 154,024 21.960 21.656 



977 1 


115,452 


1,516 


22,068 


-1,664 


1 2,244 


2,964 


8,472 


-4,188 


1 56.864 


23,084 


22,384 


2 


118,684 


1,536 


21,736 


-1,856 


13.048 


3,800 


8,712 


-3.172 


162.488 


23.180 


22.988 


3 


121,984 


1,564 


22,304 


-1,744 


13,044 


2,816 


8.968 


-2.968 


165,968 


23.636 


23.568 


4 


124,280 


1,572 


23.212 


-2,112 


13,496 


2,696 


9,008 


-2.820 


169,332 


24.816 


23.796 



-3.732 172.588 25.244 24,724 



-906 52.078 52.661 



544 198.184 195.440 

520 202,852 199,888 

-700 207,956 204,156 

-864 212,308 209.492 

-532 217,412 214,716 

-244 222.312 219.392 



1 Excludes profits (net of losses) of government business enterprises 2lncludes the withholding tax applicable to this item 3|ncludes profits (net of losses) of government 
business enterprises and interest and miscellaneous investment income of government 4| n cludes value of physical change in farm inventories The seasonally adiusted data 
includes an arbitrary smoothing of crop production and standard seasonal ad|ustment for withdrawals of grain from farm stocks and the change in other farm-held inventories 
Because of the arbitrary element, too precise an interpretation should not be given the seasonally adiusted figures 5|ncludes net income of independent professional practi- 
tioners 6See footnote 4, Table 1.2. 
Source: National Income and Expenditure Accounts (13-001), Statistics Canada. 



Table 1.2: Gross national expenditure (millions of dollars) 







Govern- 




Personal 


ment 




expend- 


current 




iture on 


expend- 




consu- 


iture 




mer 


on 


Year 


goods 


goods 


and 


and 


and ser- 


quarter 


services 


vices! 



Gross fixed capital formation 



Value of physical 
change in inventories 



Business 



Business3 







Resi- 


Non- 


Machin- 






dential 


resi- 


ery 


Govern- 




con- 


dential 


and 


ment 




struc- 


construc- 


equip- 


total? 


Total 


tion 


tion 


ment 



Farm & 



Deducts 



Gross 



Govern- 
ment 
total 



Non- 
farm4 



grain in Exports imports national 

commer- of of Residual expend- 

cial goods goods error iture at 

chan- and ser- and of esti- market 

nels5 vices services mate prices 



40014 
40254 



40015 
40255 



40016 
40256 



40017 
40257 



40021 
40261 



40022 
40262 



40023 
40263 



40024 
40264 



40025 
40265 



40026 
40266 



40027 
40267 



40028 
40268 



40029 
40269 



40030 
40270 



40031 
40271 



40548 
40551 



1976 
1977 



110,744 38,848 44,895 
122,327 43,382 48,434 



6,318 


38,577 


12,321 


12,105 


14,151 


1.534 


41 


1.049 


444 


45.685 


-49.997 


-217 191.492 


7,000 


41,434 


12,679 


13,528 


1 5.227 


111 


43 


149 


-81 


52,716 


-57.232 


394 210.132 



Unadjusted for seasonality 

1976 4 31.275 10.338 11.518 



1,638 9.880 3.273 3.031 



3.576 



-1.186 



10 



86 



-1.282 11.841 -12.950 -1.003 49.833 



1977 



1 


27,628 


10,989 


10.392 


1,308 


9.084 


2,469 


2,757 


3.858 


-876 


-25 


374 


-1.225 


11.866 


-13.438 


751 


47.312 


2 


30,189 


10,221 


12,397 


1,664 


10.733 


3.192 


3,327 


4.214 


-888 


24 


-346 


-566 


13.797 


-15.128 


347 


50.935 


3 


30,270 


10.857 


13,266 


2,119 


11,147 


3,727 


3,826 


3.594 


3.125 


32 


-214 


3.307 


13.097 


-13.754 


185 


57.046 


4 


34,240 


11,315 


12.379 


1.909 


10,470 


3,291 


3.618 


3.561 


-1.250 


12 


335 


-1.597 


13.956 


-14.912 


-889 


54.839 



1978 1 30.521 12,218 10.843 1.448 9.395 2.533 3.152 3,710 



-1.014 



-25 



410 -1.399 13.241 -14.637 



906 52.078 



Seasonally adjusted at annual rates 

1976 4 115.712 40,972 45,544 6,228 39.316 12.512 11.728 15.076 



468 



36 



172 



260 46.964 -50.936 



-540 198.184 



1977 1 118.496 41,524 47.008 

2 120,604 43,356 48.244 

3 123.416 44,028 49,524 

4 126,792 44,620 48.960 

1978 1 130,548 46.148 49,148 



6,452 


40,556 


12,496 


12,516 


1 5.544 


32 


44 


-240 


228 


51.292 


-54.984 


-516 


202.852 


7,020 


41,224 


12,744 


13,628 


14.852 


372 


48 


-444 


768 


51.708 


-57.032 


704 


207.956 


7,192 


42.332 


12.892 


13,904 


15.536 


64 


40 


316 


-292 


52.496 


-58.080 


860 


212.308 


7,336 


41,624 


12,584 


14,064 


14.976 


-24 


40 


964 


-1.028 


55.368 


-58.832 


528 


217.412 


7,204 


41,944 


12,664 


14,288 


14.992 


-1.044 


64 


-140 


-968 


58.036 


-60.772 


248 


222.312 



1 Includes defence expenditures 2|ncludes outlay on new durable assets such as building and highway construction by governments, other than government business enter- 
prises Excludes defence construction and equipment which is defined as current expenditure 3|ncludes capital expenditures by private and government business enterprises. 
private non-commercial institutions and outlays on new residential construction by individuals and business investors Capital expenditure is defined to include all transfer costs 
on the sales and purchases ot existing fixed assets 4jhe book value of inventories is deflated to remove the effect of price change and the derived physical change is 
then valued at average prices of the current period to obtain the value ot physical change The difference between the value of physical change and the change in book value 
is called the inventory valuation ad|ustment, (as shown in Table 1 1) 5See footnote 4. Table 11 
Source: National Income and Expenditure Accounts (13-001), Statistics Canada. 



18 



August 1978 

1— Income and expenditure accounts 

Table 1.3: Gross national expenditure in constant (1971) dollars (millions of dollars)i 



Section 3-Tables 1.3 and 1.4 





Personal 
expend- 
iture on 
consumer 
goods 
and 
services 


Govern- 
ment 
current 
expend- 
iture 
on 
goods 
and 
services 




Gross fixed capital formation 






Value of 
change in 


physical 
inventories 




Exports 

of 

goods 

and 

services 


Deduct 

imports 

of goods 

and 

services 


Residual 
error 
of esti- 
mate 






Total 


Govern- 
ment 
total 


Business 






Total 


Govern- 
ment 
total 




Business 




Non- 
farm 


Farm 
and 
grain 
in com- 
mercial 
chan- 
nels 




Year 
and 
quarter 


Total 


Resi- 
dential 
construc- 
tion 


Non- 
resi- 
dential 
construc- 
tion 


Machin- 
ery 
and 
equip- 
ment 


Gross 
national 
expend- 
iture 


D 

D 


40562 
40594 


40568 
40600 


40569 
40601 


40570 
40602 


40575 
40607 


40576 
40608 


40577 
40609 


40578 
40610 


40581 
40613 


40582 
40614 


40583 
40615 


40584 
40616 


40586 
40618 


40588 
40620 


40590 
40622 


40561 
40593 


1976 
1977 


75,308 
77,399 


21,809 
22,247 


27.268 
27,350 


3,859 
3,960 


23,409 
23,390 


6,466 
6.166 


7,417 
7,667 


9.526 
9,557 


936 
-23 


22 
22 


743 
119 


171 
-164 


26,247 
28,199 


-32,072 
-32,860 


-102 
249 


119,394 
122,561 



Unadjusted for seasonality 

1976 4 21,011 5,434 6,821 



980 



5,841 



1,662 



1,817 2,362 



-682 



17 



-704 



6,745 



-8,221 



-613 30,495 



1977 1 


18,031 


5,925 


6,138 


784 


5,354 


1,244 


1,619 


2,491 


-375 


-14 


335 


-696 


6,515 


-8,102 


451 


28,583 


2 


19,240 


5,228 


7,099 


954 


6,145 


1,571 


1,898 


2,676 


-207 


13 


-197 


-23 


7,490 


-8,837 


204 


30,217 


3 


18,835 


5,483 


7,323 


1,170 


6,153 


1,792 


2,133 


2,228 


1,216 


17 


-196 


1,395 


6,904 


-7,751 


106 


32,116 


4 


21,293 


5,611 


6,790 


1,052 


5,738 


1,559 


2,017 


2,162 


-657 


6 


177 


-840 


7,290 


-8,170 


-512 


31,645 



1978 1 18.408 6,039 5.883 808 

Seasonally adjusted at annual rates 



5,075 



1,166 



1,741 2,168 



-368 



-13 



388 



-743 6,754 -7,795 



508 29.429 



1976 4 


77,072 


21,636 


27,040 


3,732 


23,308 


6,320 


7,024 


9,964 


284 


20 


108 


156 


26,788 


-32,516 


-296 


120.008 


1977 1 


77,344 


22,232 


27,424 


3,796 


23,628 


6,252 


7,332 


1 0,044 


-240 


24 


-196 


-68 


28,216 


-33.076 


-288 


121,612 


2 


76,908 


22,492 


27,476 


4,004 


23,472 


6,276 


7,756 


9,440 


-8 


24 


-152 


120 


28,076 


-33,356 


436 


122,024 


3 


77,344 


22.056 


27,596 


4,000 


23,596 


6,208 


7,748 


9.640 


-20 


20 


232 


-272 


27,536 


-32,644 


520 


122,388 


4 


78,000 


22,208 


26,904 


4,040 


22,864 


5,928 


7,832 


9.104 


176 


20 


592 


-436 


28,968 


-32,364 


328 


124,220 


1978 1 


78,956 


22,564 


26,372 


3,944 


22,428 


5,780 


7,884 


8,764 


-380 


32 


- 


-412 


29.680 


-32,284 


140 


125,048 



'The implicit price deflators of the seasonally unad|usted components of Gross National Expenditure, derived by dividing the value figures in current dollars by the constant 
dollar figures, are not suitable as indicators of quarter-to-quarter price change This is because they are currently weighted and therefore are affected by compositional shifts 
which occur within the unadjusted components of Gross National Expenditure, on a quarter-to-quarter basis Quarter-to-quarter movements in the implicit price deflators based 
on seasonally ad|usted data are less sub|ect to the problem of shifting weights and may be used as a measure of price change 
Source: National Income and Expenditure Accounts (13-001), Statistics Canada. 

Table 1.4: Sources of personal income (millions of dollars) 







Wages, 
salaries and 
supplemen- 
tary labour 
income 


Military 

pay and 

allowances 


Net income 

received 

by farm 

operators 

from farm 

production' 


Net income 
of 
non-farm un- 
incorporated 
business 
including rent 


Interest, 
dividends 
and miscella- 
neous 
investment 
income2 




Current 


ransfers 






Year 


From government 


From 
corporations3 


From 
non-residents 




and 
quarter 


To persons 


Capital 
assistance 


Personal 
income 


D 

D 




40032 
40272 


40033 
40273 


40034 
40274 


40035 
40275 


40036 
40276 


40039 
40278 


40040 
40279 


40037 
40280 


4004 1 
40281 


40549 
40282 


1976 
1977 




108,248 
120,100 


1,453 
1,547 


3,551 
3,035 


8,304 
8,790 


14,457 
15,669 


19,547 
22,469 


174 

158 


278 
306 


255 
296 


156,267 
172,370 


Unadjusted 


for 


seasonal 


variation 


















1976 4 




28,707 


376 


-236 


2,162 


3,960 


4,865 


36 


69 


67 


40.006 


1977 1 
2 
3 
4 




28,164 
29,942 
30,822 
31,172 


381 
385 
381 
400 


-448 
-329 
3,988 
-176 


1.961 
2,195 
2,335 
2,299 


3,737 
3,883 
3,810 
4,239 


5,786 
5,471 
5,560 
5,652 


39 
42 
36 

41 


76 
76 
77 
77 


68 
77 
76 
75 


39,764 
41,742 
47,085 
43,779 


1978 1 




30,733 


404 


-421 


2,148 


4,205 


6,601 


57 


80 


74 


43,881 


Seasonally adjusted at annual rates 


















1976 4 




114.464 


1,480 


2,804 


8.468 


15,256 


20,504 


144 


276 


268 


163,664 


1977 1 
2 
3 
4 




115,452 
118,684 
121,984 
124,280 


1,516 
1,536 
1.564 
1,572 


2,800 
3,656 
2,940 
2,744 


8,472 
8,712 
8,968 
9,008 


15,344 
15,316 
15,652 
16.364 


21,100 
21,812 
23,140 
23,824 


156 
168 
144 
164 


304 
304 
308 
308 


272 
308 
304 
300 


165,416 
170,496 
175,004 
178,564 



1978 1 



125,864 



1,604 



2,820 



9,248 



1 7,248 



24,144 



228 



320 



296 



181,772 



iThis item differs from column 6. table 1.1 by excluding the adjustment which has been made to take account of the accrued earnings arising out of the operations of the Cana- 
dian Wheat Board and the Canadian Co-Operative Wheat Producers. 2|ncludes all interest on the public debt paid by government to persons 3Chantable contributions and 
bad debts 
For source see Table 1.9. 



19 



Section 3-Tables 1.5 and 1.6 

1— Income and expenditure accounts 

Table 1.5: Disposition of personal income (million dollars) 



August 1978 





Total 

personal 

income 


on 


Personal expenditure 
consumer goods and services 








Current 


transfers 






Personal savings 








To government 




To 
corpo- 
ations3 


To non- 
resi- 
dents 






Total 


Value of 
Excl. physical 
change change 
in farm in farm 
inven- inven- 
tories lories 






Income 
taxes 


Suc- 
cession 
duties 
& estate 
taxes 


Social 

ins. 

& govt 

pension 

funds2 


Other 




Year 
and 
quarter 


Total 


Durable 
goods 


Semi- 
durable 
goods 


Non- 
durable 
goods 


Serv- 
ices' 


dis- 
posable 
income 4 


D 
D 


40042 
40552 


40043 
40283 


40044 
40284 


40045 
40285 


40046 
40286 


40047 
40287 


40048 
40288 


40049 
40289 


40050 
40290 


40051 
40291 


40052 
40292 


40053 
40293 


40054 
40294 


40055 40056 


40057 
40295 



1976 156,267 110,744 17,112 14,489 34,212 44,931 21,128 

1977 172,370 122,327 18,469 15,556 37,625 50,677 23.354 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 

1976 4 40,006 31,275 5,079 4.832 9,723 11,641 



5,844 



141 


7,116 


1,463 


1,818 


252 


13,605 


13,369 


236 126.419 


150 


7,791 


1,600 


1,972 


262 


14,914 


14,902 


12 139.475 



38 



1,676 



364 



496 



63 



250 



1,414 -1,164 32,084 



977 1 


39,764 


27,628 


3,867 


2,973 


8,725 


12,063 


6,691 


39 


1,911 


516 


467 


65 


2,447 


4,071 


-1.624 


30,607 


2 


41,742 


30,189 


4,891 


3.634 


9,089 


12,575 


4,578 


41 


2,166 


362 


475 


65 


3.866 


4.169 


-303 


34,595 


3 


47,085 


30,270 


4,384 


3,769 


9,037 


13,080 


6,223 


31 


1,955 


359 


494 


66 


7,687 


4.371 


3,316 


38,517 


4 


43,779 


34,240 


5,327 


5,180 


10,774 


12,959 


5.862 


39 


1,759 


363 


536 


66 


914 


2,291 


-1,377 


35,756 



1978 1 43,881 30,521 4,085 3,194 

Seasonally adjusted at annual rates 

1976 4 163,664 115,712 17,900 15,140 

1977 1 165,416 118,496 18,572 15,192 

2 170,496 120,604 18,256 15,284 

3 175,004 123,416 18,400 15.548 

4 178,564 126,792 18,648 16,200 

1978 1 181,772 130,548 19,688 16,220 40,644 53,996 22,368 



9,864 13,378 6.231 33 2.073 583 553 



35,800 46,872 22,928 152 7,540 1,596 1.920 



67 



3.820 5,605 



252 13,564 



36,092 


48,640 


24,776 


156 


7,552 


1.696 


1,888 


260 


10,592 


36,984 


50,080 


22,128 


164 


7.800 


1.556 


1,956 


260 


16.028 


37,768 


51,700 


23,500 


124 


7,912 


1.556 


1,968 


264 


16.264 


39,656 


52,288 


23,012 


156 


7,900 


1.592 


2,076 


264 


16.772 



-1,785 34,961 



131,448 

131.236 
138.848 
141.912 
145.904 



132 



8.196 



1.968 2.232 



268 16.060 



149,108 



1 Includes net expenditure abroad 2Employer and employee contributions to social insurance and government pension funds 
the consumer debt 4jhis item is equal to "personal income" less the total of "current transfers to government" 
For source see Table 1.9. 



3This item is the transfer portion of interest on 



Table 1.6: Sources and disposition of gross saving (million dollars) 













Sources 


of gross saving 










Dtsposit 


on of gross 














Saving 










Capital 
con- 
sumption 
allow- 
ances 
and 
MVA2 


Residual 
error of 
estimate 






Total 
gross 
saving 


Persons 
corporated 


& unin- 
business 


Corporate and government 
business enterprises 




Govern- 
ment 


Non- 
residents 


saving 


Year 
and 
quarter 


Personal 
saving 


Adjust- 
ment on 
grain 
trans- 
actions! 


Undis- 
tributed 
corpo- 
ration 
profits 


Govt 
business 
enter- 
prises 


Capital 
assis- 
tance 


Inventory 

valuation 

ad|ust- 

ment 


Gross 

fixed 
capital 

form- 
ations 


Value of 

physical 

change 

in inven- 

tones 


Residual 
error of 
estimate 


D 
D 


40185 
40423 


40175 
40413 


40181 
40419 


40176 
40414 


40177 
40415 


40178 
40416 


40182 
40420 


40179 
40417 


40180 
40418 


40183 
40421 


40184 
40422 


40186 
40424 


40190 
40428 


40191 
40429 


1976 
1977 


46,212 
48,939 


13,605 
14,914 


33 

34 


8,668 
10.556 


303 

668 


336 

387 


-2.038 

-3,287 


-43 

-1.703 


4,347 
4.580 


20.783 
23.184 


218 

-394 


44.895 

48.434 


1.534 

111 


-217 
394 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 

1976 4 9.329 250 107 



1.848 



72 



83 



-535 



-12 



1.073 



5.440 



1.003 



11.518 



-1.186 



1978 1 10,735 3.820 -162 

Seasonally adjusted at annual rates 

1976 4 45.472 13,564 -60 

1977 1 46.524 10.592 164 

2 49.320 16,028 144 

3 50,448 16.264 -124 

4 49,464 16,772 -48 



2.663 



8.436 



243 



424 



84 



348 



-1.006 



-2.680 



-1.607 



-820 



1.497 



6.109 



4.060 21.656 



-906 



544 



10.843 



45.544 



-1.014 



468 



1978 1 



48.352 



16.060 



100 



12.672 



820 



344 



-3.732 



-5.368 



2,976 24.724 



-244 



49.148 



-1.044 



-1.003 



977 1 


10.267 


2.447 


-155 


2,189 


236 


80 


-1.115 


194 


1.612 


5.530 


-751 


10.392 


-876 


751 


2 


11.856 


3,866 


96 


2,690 


175 


122 


-871 


-999 


1.359 


5.764 


-346 


12.397 


-888 


347 


3 


16,576 


7,687 


39 


3.030 


128 


76 


-735 


-49 


674 


5.911 


-185 


13.266 


3.125 


185 


4 


10.240 


914 


54 


2.647 


129 


109 


-566 


-849 


935 


5.979 


888 


12.379 


-1.250 


-889 



906 



-540 



9.988 


788 


320 


-4,188 


2.236 


3,720 


22.384 


520 


47.008 


32 


-516 


9.724 


660 


408 


-3,172 


-2.160 


5.400 


22.988 


-700 


48.244 


372 


704 


10.968 


564 


352 


-2.968 


-2.888 


5,576 


23.568 


-864 


49.524 


64 


860 


11.544 


660 


468 


-2.820 


-4.000 


3.624 


23.796 


-532 


48.960 


-24 


528 



248 



lThis item is the ad|ustmenl to lake account of the accrued earnings of farm operators arising out of the operations of the Canadian Wheat Board See also footnote 1. table 
1.4. 2Miscellaneous valuation adjustment 3For a breakdown between government and business, see fable 1 2 
For source see Table 1.9. 



20 



August 1978 

1— Income and expenditure accounts 

Table 1.7: Government revenue, expenditure, and surplus or deficit, by level of government (millions of dollars) 



Section 3-Table 1.7 

















Revenue 




























Direct taxes 












Indirect 


taxes 










Persons 






Corporate and government business enterp 


rises 


Non- 
resi- 
dents 
tederal3 






Total2 


Federal 

tax 

collec- 

Federal2 tions 


Pro- 
vincial 


Provin- 
cial tax 
collec- 
tions 




Year 


Total 


Federal' 


Pro- 
vincial 


Canada 

pension 

plan 


Quebec 

pension 

plan 




and 
quarter 


Total 


Federal 


Pro- 
vincial 


LocaH 


D 

D 


40058 
40296 


40059 
40297 


40060 
40298 


40062 
40300 


40063 
40301 


40064 
40302 


40065 40066 
40303 40304 


40067 
40305 


40068 
40306 


40069 
40307 


40070 
40308 


40071 
40309 


40072 
40310 


40073 
40311 


1976 
1977 


28,385 
31,295 


18,042 
17,748 


8,138 
11,134 


1,630 
1,829 


575 
584 


7,450 
7,486 


5,300 5,483 
5,289 5,649 


2,150 
2,197 


2,378 
1,955 


504 
534 


24,666 
26,969 


8,601 
9.083 


9,015 
10,081 


7,050 
7,805 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 

1976 4 7,558 4,842 2,367 272 



77 



1,701 



1,210 



1,026 



491 



423 



158 



6.377 



2,245 



2,359 



1,773 



977 1 


8,641 


4,851 


3,159 


499 


132 


1,913 


1,351 


1,853 


562 


553 


122 


6,664 


2,072 


2,653 


1,939 


2 


6,785 


3,753 


2,185 


611 


236 


2,082 


1,470 


1,347 


612 


411 


153 


6,353 


2,250 


2,151 


1,952 


3 


8,209 


4,598 


3,024 


450 


137 


1,726 


1,220 


1,288 


506 


533 


96 


6,873 


2,302 


2,619 


1,952 


4 


7,660 


4,546 


2,766 


269 


79 


1,765 


1,248 


1,161 


517 


458 


163 


7,079 


2.459 


2,658 


1.962 



1978 1 



8,337 



4,348 



3,306 



516 



Seasonally adjusted at annual rates 



1976 4 30,620 19,052 



9,332 



1,712 



167 



524 



1,827 



6,816 



1,291 



4,844 



1,928 



5,368 



536 



1,972 



867 



2,264 



132 



7,324 



476 24,964 



2,154 



8,400 



3,053 



9,496 



2,117 



7,068 



977 1 


32,484 


19,200 


10.936 


1,776 


572 


7,992 


5,644 


7,020 


2,348 


1,804 


592 


26,284 


8,812 


9,688 


7,784 


2 


30,092 


16,036 


11.496 


1,860 


700 


7,632 


5,396 


3,468 


2.236 


1,736 


516 


26,872 


9,204 


9,864 


7,804 


3 


31,536 


17,828 


11,232 


1,964 


512 


7,232 


5,108 


6,024 


2,124 


1,880 


536 


26,968 


9,120 


10,036 


7,812 


4 


31,068 


17,928 


10,872 


1,716 


552 


7,088 


5,008 


6,084 


2.080 


2,400 


492 


27,752 


9,196 


10,736 


7,820 



1978 1 30,696 17,196 10,968 



1,828 



704 



7,620 



5.384 



7,532 



2.236 



2,992 



648 28,656 



9,164 10,996 



8,496 



















Revenue 




















Other current 


transfers from 


persons 








Investment income 








Year and 


Total 


Federal 


Provincial 


Local 


Hospitals 


Canada 

pension 

plan 


Quebec 


quarter 




Total 


Federal 


Provincial 


Local 


Hospitals 


plan 


D 

D 






40074 
40312 


40075 
40313 


40076 
40314 


40077 
40315 


40078 
40316 


40079 
40317 


40080 
40318 


40081 
40319 


40082 
40320 


40083 
40321 


40084 
40322 


40559 
40560 


1976 
1977 






1,463 

1,600 


11 
13 


1,341 
1,470 


107 

113 


4 
4 


8,251 
9,776 


2,600 
3,131 


4,309 
5,085 


255 

277 


10 

10 


751 
893 


326 
380 


Unadjusted 


for 


seasonal variation 






















1976 4 






364 


3 


333 


27 


1 


2,248 


727 


1,129 


70 


3 


227 


92 


1977 1 
2 
3 
4 






516 
362 
359 
363 


3 
3 
4 
3 


485 
330 
325 
330 


27 
28 
29 
29 


1 
1 
1 
1 


2,257 
2,393 
2,475 
2,651 


664 
783 
817 
867 


1,259 
1,201 
1,291 
1,334 


60 
72 
68 

77 


3 
2 
3 
2 


183 
240 
199 

271 


88 

95 

97 

100 


1978 1 






583 


4 


548 


30 


1 


2,679 


754 


1,548 


66 


2 


216 


93 


Seasona 


ly adj 


usted 


at annual rates 




















1976 4 






1,596 


12 


1,472 


108 


4 


8,644 


2,696 


4,512 


264 


12 


792 


368 


1977 1 
2 
3 
4 






1,696 
1,556 
1,556 
1,592 


12 
12 
16 
12 


1,572 
1,428 
1,420 
1,460 


108 
112 
116 
116 


4 
4 
4 
4 


8.860 

9,844 

10,180 

10,220 


2,752 
3.160 
3,352 
3,260 


4,640 
5,156 
5,232 
5,312 


264 
276 
280 
288 


12 
8 

12 
8 


840 
864 
916 
952 


352 

380 
388 
400 



1978 1 



1.968 



16 



1.828 



120 



10,492 



3,128 



5,700 



292 



992 



372 



'Includes the taxes on life insurance companies introduced in 1969- At the present time, for National Accounts purposes, life insurance companies are treated as associations of 

individuals in so far as their investment activities are concerned. The 1969 taxes are thus included here pending a complete review of the treatment of insurance. 2Tax 

liabilities. 3withholding taxes. 4 The quarterly figures of real properly taxes unad|usted and seasonally adjusted are obtained by dividing annual totals by four. Since real 

properly tax rates have been generally upward, this treatment gives rise to a fictitious seasonal between the fourth and first quarters in the seasonally ad|usfed faxes of 

series 

For source see Table 1.9. 



21 



Section 3-Table 1.7/Continued 

1— Income and expenditure accounts 

Table 1.7: Government revenue, expenditure, and surplus or deficit, by level of 



August 1978 



government (millions of dollars)/continued 









Revenue 


















Current transfers trom other levels of government 






Total revenue 










Total 


Provinces 


Local governments Hospitals 




Year 
and 
quarter 


From local 

From govern- 

Canada ments 


From local 

From From From govern- 

Canada provinces provinces ments 


Total 


Federal 


Pro- 
vincial Local 


Hospitals 


Canada 

pension 

plan 


Quebec 

pension 

plan 


D 

D 


40085 
40323 


40086 40087 
40324 40325 


40088 40089 40090 40091 
40326 40327 40328 40329 


40092 
40330 


40093 
40331 


40094 40095 
40332 40333 


40096 
40334 


40097 
40335 


40098 
40336 



976 


21,031 


8,306 


53 


204 


6,997 


5,451 


20 


91,750 


35,058 


33,312 


14,613 


5,485 


2,381 


901 


977 


24,538 


9,605 


47 


356 


8,488 


6,022 


20 


102,198 


35,798 


39,619 


17,039 


6.056 


2,722 


964 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 4 



5,274 



2,203 



21 



25 



1,590 



1,430 



23,680 



9,185 



8,903 



3,485 



1,439 



977 1 


6,455 


2,815 


14 


39 


1,967 


1,615 


5 


26,568 


2 


6,560 


2,260 


13 


176 


2,658 


1,448 


5 


24,688 


3 


5,507 


1,964 


9 


72 


1,962 


1,495 


5 


25,245 


4 


6,016 


2,566 


11 


69 


1,901 


1,464 


5 


25,697 



9.063 10,947 4,032 

8.412 8,752 4,886 

9,037 9,738 4,083 

9,286 10,182 4,038 



1978 1 



6,751 



2,951 



16 



Seasonally adjusted at annual rates 



1976 4 



22,104 



8,928 



60 



73 



188 



2,013 



7,076 



1,693 



5,832 



27,633 



8,683 



11.958 



20 



95,220 35.480 35.772 



4.299 



14.704 



1,701 



5.868 



1978 1 



25,852 



10,208 



52 



432 



8,724 



6,416 



20 105,932 35,536 41.988 



18.064 



6.448 



499 



732 



2,504 



2.820 



169 



1.624 


682 


220 


1.456 


85 1 


331 


1,504 


649 


234 


1,472 


540 


179 



260 



892 



977 1 


25,084 


9,564 


44 


224 


9,100 


6.132 


20 


102,992 


37.012 


38,792 


1 7.480 


6.168 


2.616 


924 


2 


24,156 


9,388 


76 


364 


8.404 


5,904 


20 


100,668 


34,324 


39,644 


1 6.960 


5,936 


2,724 


1.080 


3 


23,392 


8,908 


48 


336 


7,992 


6,088 


20 


101.400 


35,960 


39,000 


16.536 


6.124 


2.880 


900 


4 


25,520 


10,560 


20 


500 


8.456 


5,964 


20 


103,732 


35,896 


41.040 


17.180 


5,996 


2,668 


952 



1.076 

















Current expenditure 




















Purchases of goods 


and services^ 








Transfer payments 


to persons 






Year 
and 
quarter 


Total 


Federal 


Defence6 


Provincial 


Local 


Hospital 


Canada 

pension 

plan 


Quebec 

pension 

plan 


Total 


Federal 


Pro- 
vincial 


Local 


Canada 

pension 

plan 


Quebec 

pension 

plan 


D 
D 


40111 
40349 


40112 
40350 


40113 
40351 


40114 
40352 


40115 
40353 


40116 
40354 


40553 
40556 


40554 

40557 


40117 
40355 


40118 
40356 


40119 
40357 


40120 
40358 


40121 
40359 


40122 
40360 


1976 
1977 


38,848 
43,382 


9,653 
10,963 


3,220 
3,693 


10,940 
12,050 


12,696 
14,295 


5,501 
6,010 


39 

42 


19 

22 


19,547 
22.469 


11.533 
13.081 


6.731 

7.775 


247 
257 


775 

997 


261 
359 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 4 



10,338 



2,354 



831 



2.782 



3.684 



1.502 



12 



4.865 



2.828 



1,693 



1978 1 



12,218 



3.489 



1.107 



3.544 



Seasonally adjusted at annual rates 

1976 4 40,972 9,856 3.276 11.252 



3.617 



13.704 



1.553 



6.096 



6.601 



3.895 



48 



16 



20.504 1 2,232 



2.248 



6.912 



1978 1 



46.148 



12.156 



4.176 



12.976 14,688 



6,268 



16 



24.144 



14.048 



8.252 



65 



60 



244 



252 



208 



1977 1 


10,989 


3,101 


1.001 


3.177 


3,279 


1.419 


9 


4 


5.786 


3.461 


1.951 


60 


233 


81 


2 


10,221 


2,460 


787 


2,653 


3.583 


1,508 


11 


6 


5.471 


3.290 


1.787 


64 


246 


84 


3 


10,857 


2.705 


947 


3,190 


3,395 


1.550 


11 


6 


5.560 


3.109 


2.041 


64 


253 


93 


4 


11,315 


2.697 


958 


3,030 


4,038 


1.533 


11 


6 


5.652 


3.221 


1.996 


69 


265 


101 



293 



832 



1.172 



105 



284 



1977 1 


41,524 


10.772 


3,788 


11.624 


13,352 


5.724 


36 


16 


21.100 


12,264 


7,328 


252 


932 


324 


2 


43,356 


10,976 


3,408 


12,216 


14,064 


6.032 


44 


24 


21,812 


12.832 


7,404 


256 


984 


336 


3 


44,028 


11,032 


3,772 


12,100 


14.784 


6,044 


44 


24 


23.140 


13.296 


8.200 


260 


1.012 


372 


4 


44,620 


11,072 


3.804 


12,260 


14.980 


6,240 


44 


24 


23,824 


13.932 


8.168 


260 


1,060 


404 



420 



5See page 23 

6Defense purchases of goods and services are included in Federal government purchases of goods and services 



22 



August 1978 

1 -Income and expenditure accounts 
Table 1.7: Government revenue, expenditure, 



Section 3-Table 1.7/Continued 
and surplus or deficit, by level of government (millions of dollars)/continued 



Current expenditure 






Subsidies 




Capital 


assistance 


Current transfers 
to non-residents 






Interest 


on the public 


debt 




Year 


Total 


Federal 


Canada 

Pension 

Plan 




quarter 


Total 


Federal 


Provincial 


Total 


Federal 


Provincial 


Total 


Federal 


Provincial 


Local 


Hospitals 


D 
D 


40124 
40362 


40125 
40363 


40126 
40364 


40127 
40365 


40128 
40366 


40129 
40367 


40130 
40368 


41970 
41972 


41971 
41973 


40131 
40369 


40132 
40370 


40133 
40371 


40134 
40372 


40555 
40558 


1976 
1977 


3,397 
3,290 


2,527 
2,456 


870 
834 


510 
545 


316 
370 


194 

175 


542 
632 


537 
625 


5 

7 


7,918 
9,045 


4,519 
5,101 


2,319 
2,753 


1,024 
1,131 


56 
60 


Unadjusted 


for seasonal variation 
























1976 4 


776 


570 


206 


119 


77 


42 


126 


124 


2 


2,194 


1,229 


653 


295 


17 


1977 1 
2 
3 
4 


803 
807 
916 

764 


574 
669 
659 
554 


229 
138 
257 

210 


119 
164 
112 
150 


72 
116 

73 
109 


47 
48 
39 
41 


165 
193 

123 
151 


163 
192 

121 
149 


2 
1 
2 

2 


2,057 
2,271 
2,219 
2,498 


1,162 

1,242 
1,311 
1,386 


678 

702 
630 
743 


207 
308 
266 
350 


10 
19 
12 
19 


1978 1 


846 


619 


227 


141 


84 


57 


240 


238 


2 


2,443 


1,400 


810 


223 


10 


Seasonally adjusted at annual rates 
























1976 4 


3,004 


2,084 


920 


492 


324 


168 


580 


572 


8 


8,384 


4,884 


2,420 


1,024 


56 


1977 1 
2 
3 
4 


3,200 
3,692 
3,332 
2,936 


2,288 
2,880 
2,628 
2,028 


912 
812 
704 
908 


476 
576 
496 
632 


288 
384 
340 
468 


188 
192 
156 
164 


632 
640 

568 
688 


624 
636 
560 
680 


4 
4 
8 
8 


8,740 
8,596 
9,332 
9,512 


4,876 
4,756 
5,296 
5,476 


2,712 
2,724 
2,824 
2,752 


1,096 
1,056 
1,152 
1,220 


56 
60 
60 
64 



1978 1 



3,412 



2,496 



916 



572 



344 



228 



916 



908 



8 10,256 



5,816 



3,200 



1,184 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 4 



5,274 



2,203 



25 



1,590 



1,430 



21 



23.692 



9,410 



8.396 



4,070 



1,519 



222 



1978 1 



6,751 



2,951 



73 



Seasonally adjusted at annual rates 

1976 4 22,104 8,928 188 

1977 1 25,084 9,564 224 

2 24,156 9,388 364 

3 23,392 8,908 336 

4 25,520 10,560 500 



2,013 



7,076 



1,693 



5,832 



16 



60 



29,240 



12,749 



10,592 



3,921 



20 



96,040 39,068 34,580 15,052 



1.563 



6,152 



306 



1978 1 



25,852 



10,208 



432 



8,724 



6,416 



52 



20 111,300 46.408 40,712 



16,196 



6,324 



1,224 



56 

















Current expenditure 


















Current 


transfers to 


other levels 


of governmenf 






Total current expenditure^ 








Total 


Canada 


to 


Provinces 


to 


Local governments to 


Federal 


Pro- 
vincial 


Local 


Hospitals 


Canada 

pension 

plan 




Year 
and 
quarter 


Provinces 


Local 
govern- 
ments 


Local 
govern- 
ments Hospitals 


Provinces 


Hospitals Total 


Quebec 

pension 

plan 


D 
D 


40135 
40373 


40136 
40374 


40137 
40375 


40138 
40376 


40139 
40377 


40140 
40378 


40141 40142 
40379 40380 


40143 
40381 


40144 
40382 


40145 
40383 


40146 
40384 


40147 
40385 


40148 
40386 


1976 
1977 


21,031 

24,538 


8,306 
9,605 


204 
356 


6,997 
8,488 


5,451 
6.022 


53 

47 


20 91,793 
20 103,901 


37,595 

42.557 


33,502 
38,097 


14,040 
1 5.750 


5,557 
6,070 


819 

1,046 


280 
381 



75 



1977 1 


6,455 


2,815 


39 


1,967 


1,615 


14 


5 


26,374 


11,387 


9,664 


3,565 


1,429 


244 


85 


2 


6,560 


2,260 


176 


2,658 


1,448 


13 


5 


25.687 


10,405 


9.434 


3,973 


1,527 


258 


90 


3 


5,507 


1,964 


72 


1,962 


1,495 


9 


5 


25.294 


10,014 


9.614 


3,739 


1,562 


266 


99 


4 


6,016 


2,566 


69 


1,901 


1,464 


11 


5 


26,546 


10,751 


9,385 


4,473 


1,552 


278 


107 



109 



300 



9,100 


6,132 


44 


20 


100,756 


40,900 


37,996 


14,764 


5,780 


976 


340 


8,404 


5,904 


76 


20 


102,828 


42,216 


37,656 


15,472 


6,092 


1,032 


360 


7,992 


6,088 


48 


20 


104,288 


42,396 


38,064 


16,264 


6,104 


1,064 


396 


8,456 


5,964 


20 


20 


107,732 


44,716 


38,672 


16,500 


6,304 


1,112 


428 



436 



^Includes capital consumptions allowances as shown on page 24, col 8 



23 



Section 3-Table 1.7/Concluded 

1 -Income and expenditure accounts 

Table 1.7: Government revenue, expenditure, and surplus or deficit, by level of government (millions of 



August 1978 
dollars)/concluded 















Surplus or 


deficit on a 


national accounts 


basis 




















Saving 










Plus: capital 


consumption 


allowances 




Year 
and 




Total 


Federal 


Provincial 


Local 


Hospitals 


Canada 

pension 

plan 


Quebec 




quarter 


plan 


Total 


Federal 


Provincial 


Local 


Hospitals 



D 




40149 

40387 


40150 
40388 


40151 
40389 


40152 
40390 


40153 
40391 


40154 
40392 


40155 
40393 


40099 
40337 


40100 
40338 


40101 
40339 


40102 
40340 


40103 
40341 


1976 
1977 




-43 
-1,703 


-2,537 
-6,759 


-190 
1.522 


573 
1.289 


-72 

-14 


1,562 
1,676 


621 
583 


2,892 
3.341 


494 

571 


1,075 
1,249 


1,119 
1,289 


204 
232 


Unadjusted 


for 


seasona 


variation 




















1976 4 




-12 


-225 


507 


-585 


-80 


278 


94 


762 


130 


285 


294 


53 


1977 1 
2 
3 
4 




194 
-999 

-49 
-849 


-2,324 

-1,993 

-977 

-1,465 


1,283 

-682 

124 

797 


467 

913 
344 
-435 


195 
-71 
-58 
-80 


438 
593 
383 
262 


135 

241 

135 

72 


791 
820 
850 
880 


135 
140 
145 
151 


296 
307 
318 
328 


305 
316 
328 
340 


55 
57 
59 
61 


1978 1 




-1,607 


-4,066 


1,366 


378 


138 


426 


151 


910 


156 


340 


351 


63 


Seasonally adjusted at 


annual 


rates 




















1976 4 




-820 


-3,588 


1,192 


-348 


-284 


1,616 


592 


3.048 


520 


1,140 


1,176 


212 


1977 1 
2 
3 
4 




2,236 
-2,160 
-2,888 
-4,000 


-3,888 
-7,892 
-6,436 
-8,820 


796 
1,988 

936 
2,368 


2,716 

1,488 

272 

680 


388 

-156 

20 

-308 


1,640 
1,692 
1.816 
1.556 


584 
720 
504 
524 


3.164 
3.280 
3,400 
3,520 


540 
560 
580 
604 


1,184 
1,228 
1,272 
1.312 


1,220 
1,264 
1,312 
1.360 


220 
228 
236 
244 



1978 1 



-5,368 



-10,872 



1,276 



1,868 



124 



1,596 



640 



3,640 



624 



1.360 



1,404 



252 













Surplus or 


deficit on a 


national accounts basis 














Deduct 


gross capital formation 








Equals surplus 


( + ) or 


deficit (-) 






Year 


Total 


Federal 


Provincial 


Local 


Hospitals 


Canada 

pension 

plan 


Quebec 
pension 


quarter 


Total 


Federal 


Provincial 


Local 


Hospitals 


plan 


D 
D 


40156 
40394 


40157 
40395 


40158 
40396 


40159 
40397 


40160 
40398 


40168 
40406 


40169 

40407 


40170 
40408 


40171 

40409 


40172 

40410 


40173 
40411 


40174 
40412 


1976 
1977 


6,359 
7,043 


1.158 
1,221 


2,182 
2.532 


2,673 
2.940 


346 
350 


-3,510 
-5.405 


-3,201 

-7.409 


-1.297 
239 


-981 
-362 


-214 
-132 


1.562 
1.676 


621 

583 


Unadjusted 


for seasona 


variation 




















1976 4 


1,648 


292 


579 


683 


94 


-898 


-387 


213 


-974 


-121 


277 


94 


1977 1 
2 
3 
4 


1,283 
1.688 
2,151 
1,921 


257 
279 
355 
330 


511 
546 
751 
724 


436 
779 
949 
776 


79 
84 
96 
91 


-298 
-1.867 
-1,350 
-1,890 


-2.446 
-2.132 
-1.187 
-1.644 


1.068 
-921 
-309 
401 


336 
450 
-277 
-871 


171 

-98 

-95 

-110 


438 
593 
383 
262 


135 

241 

135 

72 


1978 1 


1,423 


311 


547 


481 


84 


-2.120 


-4.221 


1.159 


248 


117 


426 


151 


Seasonally adjusted at 


annual 


rates 




















1976 4 


6,264 


1.112 


2.092 


2.696 


364 


-4.036 


-4.180 


240 


-1.868 


-436 


1.616 


592 


1977 1 
2 
3 

4 


6,496 
7,068 
7,232 
7.376 


1,108 
1,232 
1,268 
1,276 


2.220 
2,588 
2,632 
2.688 


2.820 
2,900 
2,980 
3.060 


348 
348 
352 
352 


-1.096 
-5.948 
-6.720 
-7,856 


-4.456 
-8.564 
-7.124 
-9.492 


-240 
628 

-424 
992 


1,116 

-148 

-1.396 

-1.020 


260 
-276 

-96 
-416 


1.640 
1.692 
1.816 
1.556 


584 
720 
504 
524 



1978 1 



7,268 



1.412 



2,416 



3,072 



368 



-8.996 



-11.660 



220 



200 



1.596 



640 



For source see Table 1.9. 



24 



August 1978 

1— Income and expenditure accounts 

Table 1.8: Implicit price indexes', gross national expenditure (1971 = 100.0) based on seasonally adjusted data 



Section 3-Tables 1.8 and 1.9 





Personal 


expenditure on 


consumer goods 


and services 








Gross fixed capital formation 






Government 

current 

expenditure 

on goods 

and services 


Total 




Government 




Year 
and 

quarter 


Total 


Durable 
goods 


Semi- 

durable 

goods 


Non- 
durable • 
goods 


Services 


Total 


Non- 
residential 
construction 


Machinery 

and 

equipment 


D 


40626 


406?7 


40628 


40629 


40630 


40631 


40632 


40633 


40634 


40635 


1976 
1977 


147.1 
158.0 


129.6 
135.8 


134.7 
143.4 


154.5 
168.4 


153.8 
165.6 


178.1 
195 


164 6 

177.1 


163.7 
176.8 


168.6 
182.9 


140.3 
147.2 


1976 4 


150.1 


130.9 


137.2 


156.9 


158.6 


189.4 


168 4 


166.9 


172.2 


141.9 


1977 1 
2 
3 
4 


153.2 
156 8 
159 6 
162.6 


132.7 
135.1 

136.5 
138.8 


139.9 
142.4 
144.7 
1466 


161.7 
166.2 
170.0 
175.6 


161.2 
164.7 
167.3 
169.0 


186 8 
192 8 
199 6 
2009 


171.4 

175.6 
179.5 
1820 


170.0 
175.3 
179.8 
181.6 


175.1 

181.6 
186.5 
187.9 


145.8 
145.6 
146.6 
150 6 



1978 1 



1653 



140.5 



1478 



179.9 



172.1 



204.5 



186 4 



182.7 



188 7 



153.3 



Gross fixed capital formation 



Exports of 
goods and services 



Deduct: 

imports of 

goods and services 



Total 



Non- 
Residential residential Machinery 
construction construction S equipment 



Total 



Of which: 
merchandise 



Total 



Of which 
merchandise 



Gross 

national 

expenditure 



40638 



40639 



40625 



1976 
1977 

1976 4 

1977 1 
2 
3 
4 

1978 1 



164.8 
177.1 

168.7 

171.6 
175.6 
179.4 
182.1 

187 



190 6 
2056 

198 

199 9 
203.1 
2077 
2123 

219.1 



163.2 
176.4 

167.0 

170.7 
175.7 
179.5 
179 6 

181.2 



148.6 
159 3 

151.3 

154.8 
157.3 
161.2 
164 5 

171.1 



174.1 

186 9 

175.3 

181.8 
184 2 
190 6 
191.1 

195.5 



176.8 
188 8 

177.3 

183.7 
186.0 
192 8 

192 8 

197 6 



155 9 
174.2 

156.6 

166.2 
171.0 
177 9 
181.8 

188 2 



158.0 
176.4 

157.8 

168 3 
173.2 
180.7 
183.7 

190.9 



160.4 
171.5 

165.1 

166 8 
170.4 
173.5 
175.0 

177.8 



'These implicit indexes are current weighted price indexes. They reflect not only pure price changes, but also changing expenditure patterns within and between maior groups 
Quarter-to-quarter comparisons based on the seasonally ad|usted data are less subject to the problem of shitting weights than are similar comparisons based on data unad- 
justed for seasonality, and therefore may be used as indicators of price change 
For source see Table 1.9. 

Table 1.9: Relation between gross national product at market prices and gross domestic product at factor cost (millions of dollars) 





Gross 




Deduct 




Add: 




Gross 




Deduct 




Add: 

Investment 










Investment 


Investment 






Investment 






national 






income 


income 


Gross 


national 






income 


income 


Gross 


Year 


product 


Residual 


Indirect 


received 


paid 


domestic 


product 


Residual 


Indirect 


received 


paid 


domestic 


and 


at market 


error of 


taxes less 


from non- 


to non- 


product at 


at market 


error of 


taxes less 


from non- 


to non- 


product at 


quarter 


prices 


estimate 


subsidies 


residents 


residents 


factor cost 


prices 


estimate 


subsidies 


residents 


residents 


factor cost 



40194 



40195 



40196 



40197 



40550 



40431 



40432 



40433 



40435 



1976 


191,492 


-218 


-21,269 


-1.601 


4,914 


173,318 


1977 


210,132 


394 


-23,679 


-1,651 


6,098 


191,294 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 4 



49,833 



-1,003 



-5,601 



-416 



1,659 



Seasonally adjusted at annual rates 

44,472 198,184 -544 -21,960 -1,616 



5,368 



179,432 



977 1 


47,312 


751 


-5,861 


-372 


1,277 


43,107 


202,852 


-520 


-23,084 


-1,640 


5.704 


183,312 


2 


50,935 


346 


-5,546 


-456 


1,511 


46.790 


207,956 


700 


-23.180 


-1,672 


6,020 


189,824 


3 


57,046 


185 


-5,957 


-401 


1,330 


52.203 


212,308 


864 


-23,636 


-1,652 


6,052 


193,936 


4 


54,839 


-888 


-6.315 


-422 


1,980 


49.194 


217,412 


532 


-24,816 


-1,640 


6,616 


198.104 



1978 1 



52.078 



906 



-6,478 



-396 



1,498 



47,608 



222,312 



244 



-25.244 



-1,732 



6.628 



202.208 



Source: National income and expenditure accounts (13-001), Statistics Canada. 



25 



Section 3-Table 2.1 

2- Domestic Product by Industry 

Table 2.1: Real domestic product by industry of origim, quarterly volume indexes (1971 = 100), 

based on the 1970 standard industrial classification 



August 1978 





Real 

domestic 

product 


Agriculture 


Forestry 


Fishing 

and 

trapping 


Mines 

(including 

milling), 

quarries 

and oil 

wells 


Manufac- 
turing 
industries 




Transportation, storage 
and communication 


Electric 

power, 

gas and 

water 

utilities 




Trade 






Con- 
struction 


Total 


Trans- 
portation 


Commun- 
ication 


Total 


Wholesale 
trade 


Retail 
trade 


Year 
and 














1971 industry 


weights 














quarter 


100 000 


3.371 


.751 


.181 


3819 


22862 


6 990 


9096 


5874 


2 964 


2.816 


11 367 


4.509 


6858 


D 
D 


100328 
100441 


100329 
100442 


100330 
100443 


100331 
100444 


100332 
100445 


100342 
100455 


100398 

100511 


100399 
100512 


100400 
100513 


100408 
100521 


100395 
100508 


100409 
100522 


100410 
100523 


100412 
100525 


1976 
1977 


125.2 
129.0 


104 2 
101.3 


109.0 
120.2 


101.3 
88.8 


110.2 

114.3 


120.2 
124 8 


122.3 
119.8 


131 4 
136.7 


121.8 
125.2 


154.4 
163.7 


140.4 

148.7 


133.2 
134.9 


126.8 
127.2 


137.6 
140.3 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 4 



126.2 



30.8 



130.1 



60.1 



116.7 



121.1 



123.9 



132.9 



121.4 



159.2 



152.4 



145.3 



126.1 



158.6 



977 1 


122.5 


32.3 


118 4 


33.9 


114.4 


122 3 


100.5 


130.1 


117.8 


160.5 


170 4 


120.8 


121.1 


120.6 


2 


130.2 


94.3 


102.1 


79.4 


1162 


129.2 


119.5 


139.0 


129.2 


162 


134.5 


138 9 


134.3 


142.0 


3 


133.1 


235.7 


130.8 


152.3 


110.1 


120.1 


138.5 


140.7 


130.9 


163.5 


1272 


133.7 


127.1 


138.3 


4 


130.2 


429. 


129.3 


89.4 


116.4 


127.5 


120.5 


1370 


123.0 


168 9 


162.5 


146.2 


126.1 


160.3 



1978 1 



125.5 



392 



115.2 



Adjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 4 



126.5 



101.5 



1182 



364 



79.3 



1076 



112 4 



126 3 



120 2 



94.8 



120.1 



134.1 



133.4 



120.3 



1229 



167.8 



158.8 



188.2 



146 3 



122.9 



135.1 



122.5 



126.9 



123.2 



140.7 



977 1 


128.1 


955 


123.1 


844 


116.1 


123 5 


121.4 


135 1 


124 


161.3 


1458 


135.8 


128.5 


141.0 


2 


128 4 


100 6 


1208 


900 


115.4 


124.2 


121.6 


136.3 


125.7 


161.1 


143.7 


1330 


126.2 


137.7 


3 


129.3 


104.2 


119 4 


856 


114.0 


124.9 


119.7 


1376 


126 4 


163.7 


149 4 


134 9 


126 9 


1405 


4 


130.2 


104 8 


118 3 


98.5 


112.0 


126.7 


116.4 


1376 


124 6 


168.6 


155.2 


135.8 


127.1 


141.9 



1978 1 



131.0 



103 8 



117.9 



105.1 



1083 



127 6 



113 4 



139 8 



127.5 



168 9 



161.1 



138 



129.6 



1439 





Finance, 

insurance 

and real 

estate 


Community 

business 

and 

personal 

services 


Public 

administration 

and 

defence 








Special industry groupings 










Index of 

industrial 

production 


Goods- 
producing 
industries 


Service- 
producing 
industries 


Commercial 

industries 

Commercial less 

industries agriculture 


Non 

commercial 

industries 


Non-durable 

manufacturing 

industries 


Durable 

manufacturing 

industries 


Year 










1971 


industry weights 








quarter 


12.036 


19.359 


7388 


29 497 


40.754 


59246 


81341 77970 


18.659 


11496 


11 366 


D 

D 


100422 
100535 


100423 

100536 


100430 

100543 


100431 
100544 


100433 
100546 


100435 
100548 


100436 100437 
100549 100550 


100438 

100551 


100439 
100552 


100440 

100553 


1976 
1977 


134.0 
1426 


125.4 
129 4 


122.6 
124 4 


120.7 
125.6 


119.3 
122.3 


129.2 
133.6 


127.5 128.5 
1318 1331 


115.2 

116 8 


117.9 

122 6 


122.5 
1270 



Unadjusted for seasonal variation 



1976 4 



137 9 



128 2 



121 6 



123 4 



1156 



133 4 



128 2 



1324 



117.2 



119 7 



122 5 



977 1 


1398 


129 


1226 


125 6 


113 


128 9 


123 4 


1273 


1184 


119.1 


125 4 


2 


142.5 


130.5 


1249 


128 


123 


135.1 


1329 


134 6 


1185 


125 3 


133.2 


3 


1430 


126.2 


127 6 


119 5 


132.8 


133.4 


138 


133.7 


112 


120 8 


119 4 


4 


1450 


132 


122 4 


129 3 


120 4 


136 9 


1330 


136 8 


118 3 


125 3 


129 7 



1978 1 1457 132.9 

Adjusted for seasonal variation 

1976 4 1378 127.1 



122.5 



123 9 



129 5 



121 6 



115.4 



119 4 



132 4 



131.3 



126.9 



128 9 



130.7 



130 1 



119.2 



116 



125 7 



118 6 



1269 



121 8 



977 1 


1397 


128 5 


125.1 


124 6 


121.4 


132.7 


130 7 


132.2 


117.1 


121 9 


1252 


2 


1423 


128 6 


123 8 


124 8 


122 


132.7 


131 2 


132 5 


116 3 


1222 


126 1 


3 


1433 


1297 


123 9 


125 7 


122 5 


133 9 


132 2 


133 4 


116 7 


122 5 


1272 


4 


145.0 


130 9 


124 8 


127.4 


123.3 


135 


133 2 


134 5 


117.1 


124 1 


1293 



1978 1 



1456 



132 3 



125 1 



128 .1 



123 2 



136.3 



134 1 



135 4 



117 7 



128.3 



1269 



• The average of the monthly series may not equal the annual level due to rounding 

Sources: Indexes of Real Domestic Products by Industry (Including the Index ol Industrial Production) (61-005) and Indexes of Real Domestic Product by Industry. 

1971 = 100, Occasional (61-213), Statistics Canada. 



26 



August 1978 

2— Domestic Product by Industry 

Table 2.2: Real domestic product by industry of origin, 

based on the 1970 standard industrial classification 



Section 3-Table 2.2 



monthly volume indexes